provinceorstate:alaska

  • Les « Gilets jaunes » font bon accueil à MBS, acte III de la mobilisation
    Le G20 fait le point sur la journée du premier décembre, malgré l’affaire Khashoggi

    Le Sur de l’Alaska est mort
    L’ancien président des Etats-Unis George Bush secoué par un puissant tremblement de terre

    North Sentinel : derrière la mort du premier ministre tchèque, une longue histoire de résistance.
    Pour la commission européenne le missionnaire est en position de « conflit d’intérêts »

    Microsoft retire l’organisation de la CAN 2019 à Apple
    La confédération africaine de football détrône le Cameroun et devient la première capitalisation boursière

    « Implants files » : s’il existait vraiment des pièces accablantes, on les aurait présentées
    Affaire Quennedey, pour son avocat un rapport de l’IGAS souligne les lacunes de la surveillance de l’autorité sanitaire.

    Carlos Ghosn fait défection et réussit à passer au Sud
    Le redoutable bureau d’enquêtes spéciales aux trousses d’un soldat Nord-Coréen

    CPI, la demande d’acquittement de « MBS » est déjà une défaite
    En Arabie saoudite, la fronde impossible des critique du prince héritier Laurent Gbagbo

    #de_la_dyslexie_créative



  • Offshore drilling to begin in federal Arctic waters off Alaska

    The Trump administration has approved the first series of oil drilling in the Arctic Ocean. Critics say the move could pose serious environmental risks, while the oil company Hilcorp promises jobs and investment.


    https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2018/1025/Offshore-drilling-to-begin-in-federal-Arctic-waters-off-Alaska?cmpid=TW
    #Arctique #Alaska #énergie #pétrole #extractivisme #exploitation_pétrolière #forages
    ping @reka


  • U.S. eyes West Coast military bases to export coal, gas -report | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-trump-coal/update-1-us-eyes-west-coast-military-bases-to-export-coal-gas-report-idUSL2

    President Donald Trump’s administration is considering using West Coast military facilities to export coal and natural gas to Asia, according to an Associated Press report on Monday, citing U.S. Department of Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke.

    The move would help fossil fuel producers ship their products to Asia and circumvent environmental concerns in Democratic-leaning states like Washington, Oregon and California that have rejected efforts to build new coal ports.

    In an interview in Montana, Zinke told AP “it’s in our interest for national security and our allies to make sure that they have access to affordable energy commodities” and proposed using naval facilities or other federal properties for exports.

    Zinke, a former Navy SEAL, said the former Naval Air Facility Adak in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands could be used to export natural gas. He did not specify any others.
    […]
    The idea drew praise from the U.S. coal industry, which is eager to overcome a dearth of export terminals on the U.S. West Coast. Currently, U.S. coal exported into the Pacific basin must go through Canada’s British Columbia.


  • https://www.sciencesetavenir.fr/fondamental/geologie/rechauffement-climatique-des-tsunamis-geants-provoques-par-la-fonte

    Les conséquences du réchauffement climatique sont multiples, comme par exemple favoriser dans certaines régions de glaciers des tsunamis dès lors que les terrains présentent des risques de glissements de terrains à cause de la fonte des glaces.

    L’origine du tsunami de près de 200 m dans un fjord de l’Alaska est un éboulement causé par le recul des glaciers, en 2015. La glace soutient et limite à la fois les pentes : quand elle fond, le socle rocheux apparaît, vulnérable, soumis à une plus forte probabilité d’éboulement et de glissements de terrain.

    « Les glaciers, en reculant, modifient leur environnement de manière spectaculaire. Dans le cas du fjord de Taan, ce fut un tsunami majeur »

    , explique Dan Shugar, de l’Université de Washington Tacoma, co-auteur de l’étude publiée jeudi 6 septembre 2018 dans Scientific Reports.


  • Earth has more trees now than 35 years ago
    https://news.mongabay.com/2018/08/earth-has-more-trees-now-than-35-years-ago

    Despite ongoing deforestation, fires, drought-induced die-offs, and insect outbreaks, the world’s tree cover actually increased by 2.24 million square kilometers — an area the size of Texas and Alaska combined — over the past 35 years, finds a paper published in the journal Nature. But the research also confirms large-scale loss of the planet’s most biodiverse ecosystems, especially tropical forests.

    #forêt


  • Revue « Territory »

    SIgnalé par @fil ce matin

    Issue X - Extremes - Preview — Territory
    http://themapisnot.com/issue-x-extremes-preview

    In theory, extremes are rarities. At any given moment, there can only be one of each superlative—smallest, tallest, fastest, farthest, deepest, darkest, brightest—but, as the saying goes, records are meant to be broken. The indivisible atom was split. Infinity has been proven to come in many sizes and shapes. An extreme is a record of limit, but also a series, a narrative of revision. It is never singular, a datum. As psychonaut Terence McKenna was fond of saying, “the bigger you build the bonfire, the more darkness is revealed.”

    –-----

    Issue 11 - Twins - Preview — Territory
    http://themapisnot.com/issue-11-twins-preview

    Roughly 1 in every 30 births is a pair of twins. Uncommon yet not rare, there’s an ambivalence to twinness, what anthropologist Philip Peek terms the “centrality of liminality.” Twins are both one and two, and this logical ambiguity can be the source of harmony, as with the yin-yang duality, or evidence of a disturbing glitch, as in the uncanny of the doppelgänger.

    –-----

    Issue 12 - Alaska - Preview — Territory
    http://themapisnot.com/issue-12-alaska-preview

    On most maps, Alaska is an outlier. Separated by land and sea from the “lower 48” and skewed by the distortions of the Mercator-derived projections that most popular maps default to, Alaska doesn’t easily fit within the image of the United States. Cartographers seem to be at a loss as to where to put it. On some maps, the state is packed into its own little box and shipped south to warm up next to Hawai’i. On others, it’s not even present at all. Then, when granted its own map, Alaska receives almost compensatory treatment. It is painted pictorially as larger than life, an Arctic Treasureland or The Far North Frontier, a land of opportunity for those rugged enough to brave its harsh conditions, native and colonial alike.

    #cartographie #cartoexperiment #territoire #géographie

    Projet cartographie expérimentale
    Tags généraux : #cartoexperiment #biblioxperiment
    Tags particulier : #visualisation #complexité_visuelle


  • Le renard polaire, infatigable arpenteur de l’hiver arctique

    https://www.lemonde.fr/festival/visuel/2018/08/06/le-renard-polaire-infatigable-arpenteur-de-l-hiver-arctique_5339915_4415198.

    siganlé par @freakonometrics sur Twitter

    Le renard polaire, infatigable arpenteur de l’hiver arctique
    Qu’ils volent, nagent, marchent ou rampent, les animaux peuvent désormais être suivis dans tous leurs déplacements grâce à des appareils de plus en plus performants. Les données recueillies retracent des destins individuels et dévoilent les secrets des espèces les plus diverses. Dans ce premier volet, suivons les pérégrinations d’un carnivore avisé

    Par Nathaniel Herzberg

    Mais que fait le renard polaire en hiver ? Difficile de croire qu’à l’heure où l’on scrute l’infiniment petit – ou l’infiniment grand – comme on regarde l’heure, pareille question puisse encore demeurer mystérieuse. Et pourtant… Etudié depuis des décennies durant la période estivale et célébré pour sa fidélité, le comportement du canidé lorsque le grand froid s’empare des terres arctiques restait largement méconnu. Pas le changement de sa robe, passant du brun-roux au blanc, bien sûr. Mais son activité, ses déplacements surtout, restaient sans réponse. L’observation en Russie, en Alaska, au Groënland ou au Canada d’individus isolés évoluant loin de leurs tanières, avait toutefois valu à l’animal deux surnoms : « le nomade du Nord » et « le voyageur des glaces ». « Il était communément admis que le renard arctique quittait son territoire en automne et partait sur la banquise tout l’hiver pour ne revenir qu’au printemps retrouver son partenaire et se reproduire », précise Sandra Lai, de l’université du Québec, à Rimouski.


  • The Myth of Russia’s Arctic Rule
    https://mailchi.mp/9cdcff7c73de/taming-bureaucratic-beasts-in-china-1650757?e=752ba5eff2

    It’s clearly visible from this bird’s-eye view of the Arctic region.
     
    You can see here that Russia’s vast holdings of Arctic territory do not mitigate its lack of access to the world’s other oceans.
     
    Russian ships cannot get to the Pacific Ocean without passing the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Strait – both of which are off the coast of Alaska and thus securely under U.S. control.
     
    While the U.S. has only two icebreakers, it could shut down this shipping lane at will because it’s easily the world’s pre-eminent naval power.
     
    It’s more of the same for Russia with access to the Atlantic Ocean. To get to the Atlantic from the Arctic, Russian ships have to traverse waters between Iceland and Greenland, or between Iceland and the United Kingdom.
     
    Either way, it’s the same story – they are still susceptible to blockades from anti-Russian forces.
     
    These uncomfortable geopolitical realities make Russia’s position in the Arctic something of a trap. To make matters worse, with the accelerating Arctic ice melt, Russia’s geopolitical strategy in Europe is melting right along with it.
     
    The core of that strategy has been to establish buffer zones between Moscow and the North European Plain. This strategy is based in part on the idea that Russia has never had to worry about a potential threat to its Arctic coastline, as the Arctic Ocean has always been impossible for its enemies to traverse.
     
    But if Arctic ice melts enough to allow trade in the Arctic Ocean year round – as appears inevitable – that also means enemy navies would have much more room to operate.
     
    This explains why Russia has assumed a defensive posture when it comes to the Arctic.
     
    It also explains why Russia has been relatively cooperative in the region diplomatically.

    #arctique #Russie

    • La question est celle d’une route commerciale maritime. Sur l’axe majeur reliant l’Asie orientale à l’Europe (occidentale). De ce point de vue, les deux extrémités posent problème, les débouchés étant :
      • le détroit de Danemark dont il suffit de rappeler la bataille qui porte ce nom en 1941,…
      • la ligne GIUK et sa matérialisation physique par le SOSUS,
      • la mer du Nord comme sortie de la mer de Norvège, bordée de nations de l’OTAN
      pour l’autre côté, la mer des Tchouktches et la mer de Béring sont effectivement verrouillées comme indiqué dans l’extrait que tu pointes. Quant au reste de la façade orientale, située hors de la route maritime d’ailleurs,
      • la mer d’Okhotsk n’est pas libre de glaces en hiver (pour le moment…)


      • la mer du Japon (Vladivostok) est particulièrement fermée (Tsushima, 1905,…)

      Enfin, on parle ici de périphérie et, de ce point de vue, la facade « ouverte » de la mer de Béring est une périphérie particulièrement extrême. Petropavlosk-Kamtchatski, base des sous-marins russes est un bout du monde absolu. Tout doit y être acheminé d’une distance de plusieurs milliers de kilomètres.

      Voir à ce sujet, les effectifs engagés de part et d’autre dans la (très méconnue) bataille de Pétropavlosk en 1854
      https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Si%C3%A8ge_de_Petropavlovsk
      (comme d’hab’, plus de détail sur WP[en]).

      De même pour les Aléoutiennes, campagne périphérique et manœuvre de diversion pendant la guerre du Pacifique.
      https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campagne_des_%C3%AEles_Al%C3%A9outiennes

      Quant à la vente de l’Alaska en 1867, on peut rêver – comme pour la Louisiane en 1803, mais on voit mal comment l’un et l’autre auraient pu résister au rouleau compresseur des jeunes États-Unis déferlant à la conquête de l’ouest. De ce point de vue, Alexandre II, comme Napoléon avant lui, a réussi à tirer un peu d’argent d’un territoire dont l’avenir sous son pavillon initial était plutôt désespéré. Imagine les péripéties d’un hypothétique Alaska russe en 1905, en 1917-1921, et après…


  • Piégé par Sacha Baron Cohen, un élu américain démissionne après avoir proféré des insultes racistes
    https://culturebox.francetvinfo.fr/series-tv/usa-piege-par-le-comedien-sacha-baron-cohen-un-elu-demission

    Jason Spencer, un parlementaire républicain, est la première victime politique du réalisateur de « Borat », qui dénonce les peurs et les dérives de la société américaine pendant les sept épisodes de « Who is America ? » (Qui est l’Amérique) diffusé sur le réseau Showtime. M. Spencer était sous le feu des critiques depuis la diffusion dimanche du deuxième épisode où il apparaît aux côtés de Sacha Baron Cohen, grimé en faux expert israélien de la lutte anti-terroriste, qui lui apprend les gestes « essentiels » pour se sortir d’une prise d’otage.

    La #vidéo vaut le détour.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4k4pMTsa1Kw


    #dumb_and_dumber #holy_shit

    • Sarah Palin a aussi été piégée. Elle a raconté comment elle est venue exprès d’Alaska avec sa fille handicapée pour l’interview et comment l’équipe de SBC l’a lâchée exprès au mauvais aéroport au retour. Si c’est vrai, c’est pas classe.

      En revanche, le procédé qui consiste à faire gober des trucs à des politiques pour qu’ils et elles portent un autre discours et dévoiler leur hypocrisie, c’est de bonne guerre.


  • Scandale au #Congo : deux parcs naturels ouverts à l’exploitation pétrolière !
    http://reformeraujourdhui.blogspot.com/2018/07/scandale-au-congo-deux-parcs-naturels.html

    Après le Congrès américain qui a autorisé l’exploration pétrolière et gazière au sein de « l’Arctic National Wildlife Refuge » en décembre 2017, l’une des plus vastes réserves naturelles d’Alaska (78 000 km²), c’est au tour de la République démocratique du Congo d’envisager des activités extractives dans deux parcs naturels classés à l’Unesco… Lire la suite...

    #parc #pays #Salonga #Virunga



  • Survival of the Richest – Future Human – Medium
    https://medium.com/s/futurehuman/survival-of-the-richest-9ef6cddd0cc1

    Which region will be less impacted by the coming climate crisis: New Zealand or Alaska? Is Google really building Ray Kurzweil a home for his brain, and will his consciousness live through the transition, or will it die and be reborn as a whole new one? Finally, the CEO of a brokerage house explained that he had nearly completed building his own underground bunker system and asked, “How do I maintain authority over my security force after the event?”

    The Event. That was their euphemism for the environmental collapse, social unrest, nuclear explosion, unstoppable virus, or Mr. Robot hack that takes everything down.

    This single question occupied us for the rest of the hour. They knew armed guards would be required to protect their compounds from the angry mobs. But how would they pay the guards once money was worthless? What would stop the guards from choosing their own leader? The billionaires considered using special combination locks on the food supply that only they knew. Or making guards wear disciplinary collars of some kind in return for their survival. Or maybe building robots to serve as guards and workers — if that technology could be developed in time.

    [...]

    For all their wealth and power, they don’t believe they can affect the future. They are simply accepting the darkest of all scenarios and then bringing whatever money and technology they can employ to insulate themselves — especially if they can’t get a seat on the rocket to Mars.



  • Revue de presse du 10.06 au 16.06.18

    En Alaska, les pétroliers gèlent le sol réchauffé par l’augmentation des températures

    Un demi-million d’enfants malnutris autour du Lac Tchad

    « Les apprentis sorciers de la lutte contre les fake news »

    Afrique : « On n’a jamais connnu une telle pression démographique »

    L’inquiétante interview sur la future réforme des retraites

    Les inégalités d’accès aux soins « explosent »

    Et si la diversité ethnique et culturelle était venue à bout de l’égalitarisme à la française ?

    Avec le réchauffement climatique, les légumes vont devenir plus rares

    Le mois de Ramadan où Daech a repris l’offensive

    Face A, face B : on a lu et écouté (presque) tout Médine, voici ce qu’il dit vraiment

    Médine au Bataclan : « Affrontons nos adversaires sur le terrain des idées, pas au tribunal ! »

    Des névroses des robots à la science du « comportement machinique »

    Bonus

    *

    Présentation/Archives/Abonnement


    • La revue avec un regard appuyé sur la “démocratie” chez les autres vue sous l’angle américano-occidental. Merci à nos contributeurs pour leurs articles.

      CRISE DE L’EMPLOI

      Énormes inégalités de temps de travail : 48 heures/semaine et plus pour 10 à 15 % des personnes, moins de 20 heures pour 10 %
      "Comme presque tous les autres j’ai tendance à utiliser des chiffres sur les moyennes de temps de travail, moyennes hebdomadaires et moyennes annuelles. Y compris parce que ce sont pratiquement les seules données qu’on trouve dans les comparaisons internationales. C’est certes très utile de savoir par exemple (voir parmi d’autres ce billet d’octobre 2016 : « quatre graphiques commentés sur la nécessité de la RTT ») que, selon l’OCDE, la France est l’un des pays d’Europe occidentale où la durée hebdomadaire moyenne du travail est la plus élevée (mais oui !), ou encore que la durée hebdomadaire moyenne par personne active (chômeurs compris) est chez nous de… 30 heures."
      Source : DEBOUT ! : BLOG JEAN GADREY

      DÉMOCRATIE

      Secret des affaires : dernière ligne droite et quelques leçons
      "L’Assemblée nationale s’apprête à adopter définitivement le secret des affaires, malgré les alarmes de la société civile. À court terme, c’est un nouveau moyen pour les entreprises pour traîner lanceurs d’alerte, associations ou journalistes devant les tribunaux. À long terme, c’est l’instauration d’un véritable « droit au secret » pour les milieux d’affaires, qui met en danger tout le fragile édifice de régulation des multinationales."
      Source : OBSERVATOIRE DES MULTINATIONALES

      La Colombie, les escadrons de la mort et les droits de l’homme vus par les USA
      "Presque quotidiennement, nous sommes bombardés par des « informations » sur des problèmes au Venezuela. Et de fait, problèmes il y a, par exemple des pénuries de nourriture et de médicaments, et une inflation galopante. Mais quelque chose est occulté."
      Source : ENTELEKHEIA

      Nicaragua : Rébellion ou contre-révolution Made In USA ?
      "Beaucoup se demandent si les Etats-Unis sont impliqués dans les protestations d’étudiants qui essaient de déstabiliser le Nicaragua, ce dernier mois. Les médias occidentaux n’écrivent rien sur le sujet au moment même où des scénarios identiques se déroulent au Venezuela, au Brésil, à Cuba, au Honduras, en Bolivie et dans d’autres pays où la gauche a fait des avancées. En ce moment, trois étudiants nicaraguayens font une tournée en Europe et en Suède pour chercher des soutiens à leur campagne. Au moins un des étudiantes représente une institution financière créée par les États-Unis."
      Source : INVESTIG’ACTION

      Un rapport d’Amnesty International trouve que les États-Unis sont coupables de crimes de guerre en Syrie
      "Selon des preuves recueillies et publiés dans un rapport mardi par le groupe de défense des droits de l’homme Amnesty International, les États-Unis ont commis des crimes de guerre durant le siège de quatre mois qu’ils ont fait de la ville syrienne de Raqqa l’an dernier. Le rapport porte le titre de « Guerre d’annihilation », reprenant la description même faite par le secrétaire américain à la Défense James Mattis des tactiques à employer pour la prise de la ville à l’État islamique (EI). Le rapport conclut que « l’impact sur les civils a été catastrophique »."
      Source : WORLD SOCIALIST WEB SITE

      ENVIRONNEMENT

      La ruée minière sur les océans s’amorce, au prix probable de l’environnement
      "Thallium, cobalt, manganèse, nickel, or… les fonds marins regorgent de minerais. Alors que les gisements terrestres s’épuisent, États et industriels s’intéressent de très près aux ressources océaniques, dont l’exploitation aura de lourdes conséquences sur les écosystèmes sous-marins. Un nouvel enjeu écologique, alors que le 8 juin est la Journée mondiale des océans."
      Source : REPORTERRE

      EUROPE

      Renforcement de l’intégration monétaire : Berlin garde la main
      "Dans la perspective du Conseil européen de fin juin, la chancelière allemande a fait des concessions mineures en matière d’intégration monétaire, très loin des ambitions initiales du président français. Elle a bougé ! A l’Elysée, on s’est ostensiblement réjoui de l’entretien qu’a accordé la chancelière allemande à l’édition dominicale (03/06/18) du grand quotidien proche des milieux d’affaires, le Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung."
      Source : RUPTURES

      FRANCE
      Réformes Macron : des ambitions qui font pschitt ? _
      "Emmanuel Macron est-il en train de changer en profondeur le modèle économique français ? Dans son ouvrage « révolution », il ne proposait pas de renverser la table. Mais de refonder notre système social en opérant une mise à jour du pacte hérité du conseil national de la résistance. Il annonçait l’exploration d’une « troisième voie », dans lequel notre filet de sécurité serait mis en phase avec la mondialisation, dans l’esprit de ce qui se fait dans les pays scandinaves. L’idée aussi que les réformes doivent être menées en indemnisant les perdants." [Ou alors il mentait ?!]
      Source : XERFI CANAL

      GÉOPOLITIQUE

      Macron : le spectre de la gesticulation diplomatique
      "Dans sa quête de leadership, Emmanuel Macron veut faire preuve avec Netanyahou comme avec Trump, de volontarisme et de bilatéralisme personnalisé. Une stratégie qui pour l’instant, n’a donné aucun résultat tangible."
      Source : MIDDLE EAST EYE

      La paix est un cliché : lorsque l’Occident ne peut pas contrôler le monde sans opposition, cela signifie la guerre
      "L’Occident aime à se penser comme une « partie du monde qui aime la paix ». Mais est-ce le cas ? Vous l’entendez partout, de l’Europe à l’Amérique du Nord puis à l’Australie, avant de revenir en Europe : « Paix, paix, paix ! » . C’est devenu un cliché, un slogan, une recette pour obtenir des financements, de la sympathie et du soutien. Vous dites « la paix » et vous ne pouvez vraiment pas vous tromper. Cela veut dire que vous êtes un être humain compatissant et raisonnable."
      Source : INVESTIG’ACTION

      LIBERTÉS

      Surveillance : le réseau français "intelligent" d’identification par caméras arrive
      "La reconnaissance faciale "intelligente" est annoncée comme une nécessité pour le ministère de l’Intérieur. Le modèle chinois de contrôle et surveillance de la population par des caméras et des algorithmes d’identification des personnes semble inspirer le gouvernement et l’administration française qui lance des expérimentations et des partenariats."
      Source : TV5 MONDE

      MATIÈRES PREMIÈRES

      En Alaska, les pétroliers gèlent le sol réchauffé par l’augmentation des températures
      "Pour accéder aux pipelines, les groupes pétroliers placent des milliers de tubes réfrigérants dans le permafrost (sol gelé) afin qu’il soit suffisamment solide pour rouler dessus. Les routes de glaces disparaissent de plus en plus rapidement, réduisant du même coup la période d’exploitation des puits de pétrole. En 2003, la fenêtre de tir avait diminué de deux mois en moyenne par rapport aux années 1970, au moment où les routes de glace étaient praticables plus de la moitié de l’année."
      Source : Le Monde

      SOCIETÉ

      Notre-Dame-des-Landes : Retrouvons un sens politique à la lutte qui se mène sur la ZAD
      "À Notre-Dame-des-Landes, certains résistent encore et toujours à l’envahisseur industriel. Et si l’abandon du projet d’aéroport a été une première victoire, il importe aujourd’hui de défendre une autre façon de faire de l’agriculture, loin du tout-rendement, des normes aseptisées, de l’intensif qui épuise les sols et maltraite les bêtes."
      Source : LE COMPTOIR

      ÉCONOMIE
      _ Le procès de l’hypermondialisation

      "Une autre mondialisation est en cours. De plus en plus contestée par les populations, elle l’est également, c’est nouveau, par les économistes. Surtout, pour les acteurs économiques eux-mêmes, entrepreneurs et banquiers, elle ne représente plus la panacée. Tout pointe vers une mondialisation plus sobre."
      Source : ALTERNATIVES ECONOMIQUES

      Savoir décrypter la logique pro-business de Trump
      "Avec la crise, on aurait pu s’attendre à la revanche des salariés. Au sein même du main Stream économique, on a commencé à admettre que le partage des fruits de la croissance jouait trop en faveur du capital. Et que ce déséquilibre était à la racine de la crise et de l’instabilité financière contemporaine. Les institutions internationales se sont mises à valider les travaux sur la déformation du partage de la VA en faveur du capital, sur le creusement des inégalités, en attribuant pour partie la cause à l’ouverture commerciale..."
      Source : XERFI CANAL


  • En Alaska, les pétroliers gèlent le sol réchauffé par l’augmentation des températures
    https://www.lemonde.fr/big-browser/article/2018/06/13/en-alaska-les-petroliers-gelent-le-sol-rechauffe-par-l-augmentation-des-temp

    Toute une économie s’est alors développée pour maintenir les routes et les installations en état : l’entreprise BeadedStream s’est par exemple spécialisée dans la vente de détecteurs de températures aux compagnies pétrolières. L’analyse des résultats des nombreux capteurs dispersés dans le « North Slope », le versant nord de l’Alaska, permet aux autorités et aux industriels de savoir exactement quand les conditions climatiques sont réunies pour accéder aux installations — et de gagner ainsi un temps précieux.

    Inventée dans les années 1970, une autre technologie s’est largement développée lors des dernières saisons hivernales : l’installation de tubes réfrigérants dans le sol pour garder la couche de permafrost gelée.

    « Pour être honnête, le dérèglement climatique est plutôt bon pour nos affaires », s’est satisfait Ed Yarmak, fondateur d’Artic Foundations, qui a vendu des milliers de ses tubes métalliques aux compagnies pétrolières installées en Alaska. En partie enterrés dans le sol, ils en expulsent la chaleur, afin de lutter contre la fragilisation des routes de glace, des pipelines et des bâtiments.

    #paradoxe


  • " Désert solitaire " par Edward Abbey ( 1968 )

    https://enuncombatdouteux.blogspot.com/2018/06/desert-solitaire-par-edward-abbey-1968.html

    Ensuite, la plupart des choses dont je parle ici ont déjà disparu ou sont en train de disparaître rapidement. Ce livre n’est pas un guide de voyage ; c’est une élégie. Un tombeau. Ce que vous tenez entre vos mains est une stèle. Une foutue dalle de roc. Ne vous la faites pas tomber sur les pieds ; lancez-la contre quelque chose de grand, fait de verre et d’acier. Qu’avez-vous à perdre ?

    Un homme pourrait aimer et défendre la nature sans jamais de sa vie être allé au-delà des limites de l’asphalte, des lignes à haute tension et des plans orthogonaux. Nous avons besoin de la nature, que nous y mettions le pied ou non. Il nous faut un refuge même si nous n’aurons peut-être jamais besoin d’y aller. Je n’irai peut-être jamais en Alaska, par exemple, mais je suis heureux que l’Alaska soit là. Nous avons besoin de pouvoir nous échapper aussi sûrement que nous avons besoin d’espoir ; sans cette possibilité, la vie urbaine pousserait tous les hommes au crime ou à la drogue ou à la psychanalyse.

    La technologie ajoute une dimension nouvelle à ce processus en fournissant aux despotes modernes des instruments d’une efficacité bien supérieure aux anciens. Ce n’est sûrement pas par hasard que la plus radicale des tyrannies ait vu le jour dans la nation européenne la plus avancée dans les domaines de la science et de l’industrie. Si nous laissons notre propre pays devenir aussi densément peuplé, aussi surdéveloppé et aussi techniquement uniforme que l’Allemagne moderne, il se peut que nous nous bâtissions un destin similaire.


  • Indigenous Women Have Been Disappearing for Generations. Politicians Are Finally Starting to Notice.

    https://theintercept.com/2018/05/31/missing-and-murdered-indigenous-women

    Aux États-Unis comme au Canada

    Women on the Yakama Indian Reservation in Washington state didn’t have any particular term for the way the violent deaths and sudden disappearances of their sisters, mothers, friends, and neighbors had become woven into everyday life.

    “I didn’t know, like many, that there was a title, that there was a word for it,” said Roxanne White, who is Yakama and Nez Perce and grew up on the reservation. White has become a leader in the movement to address the disproportionate rates of homicide and missing persons cases among American Indian women, but the first time she heard the term “missing and murdered Indigenous women” was less than two years ago, at a Dakota Access pipeline resistance camp at Standing Rock. There, she met women who had traveled from Canada to speak about disappearances in First Nations to the north, where Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s administration launched a historic national inquiry into the issue in 2016.

    #nations_premières #états-unis #canada #féminicide

    • #NotInvisible: Why are Native American women vanishing?

      The searchers rummage through the abandoned trailer, flipping over a battered couch, unfurling a stained sheet, looking for clues. It’s blistering hot and a grizzly bear lurking in the brush unleashes a menacing growl. But they can’t stop.

      Not when a loved one is still missing.

      The group moves outside into knee-deep weeds, checking out a rusted garbage can, an old washing machine — and a surprise: bones.

      Ashley HeavyRunner Loring, a 20-year-old member of the Blackfeet Nation, was last heard from around June 8, 2017. Since then her older sister, Kimberly, has been looking for her.

      She has logged about 40 searches, with family from afar sometimes using Google Earth to guide her around closed roads. She’s hiked in mountains, shouting her sister’s name. She’s trekked through fields, gingerly stepping around snakes. She’s trudged through snow, rain and mud, but she can’t cover the entire 1.5 million-acre reservation, an expanse larger than Delaware.

      “I’m the older sister. I need to do this,” says 24-year-old Kimberly, swatting away bugs, her hair matted from the heat. “I don’t want to search until I’m 80. But if I have to, I will.”

      Ashley’s disappearance is one small chapter in the unsettling story of missing and murdered Native American women and girls. No one knows precisely how many there are because some cases go unreported, others aren’t documented thoroughly and there isn’t a specific government database tracking these cases. But one U.S. senator with victims in her home state calls this an epidemic, a long-standing problem linked to inadequate resources, outright indifference and a confusing jurisdictional maze.

      Now, in the era of #MeToo, this issue is gaining political traction as an expanding activist movement focuses on Native women — a population known to experience some of the nation’s highest rates of murder, sexual violence and domestic abuse.

      “Just the fact we’re making policymakers acknowledge this is an issue that requires government response, that’s progress in itself,” says Annita Lucchesi, a cartographer and descendant of the Cheyenne who is building a database of missing and murdered indigenous women in the U.S. and Canada — a list of some 2,700 names so far.

      As her endless hunt goes on, Ashley’s sister is joined on this day by a cousin, Lissa, and four others, including a family friend armed with a rifle and pistols. They scour the trailer where two “no trespassing” signs are posted and a broken telescope looks out the kitchen window. One of Ashley’s cousins lived here, and there are reports it’s among the last places she was seen.

      “We’re following every rumor there is, even if it sounds ridiculous,” Lissa Loring says.

      This search is motivated, in part, by the family’s disappointment with the reservation police force — a common sentiment for many relatives of missing Native Americans.

      Outside, the group stumbles upon something intriguing: the bones, one small and straight, the other larger and shaped like a saddle. It’s enough to alert police, who respond in five squad cars, rumbling across the ragged field, kicking up clouds of dust. After studying the bones, one officer breaks the news: They’re much too large for a human; they could belong to a deer.

      There will be no breakthrough today. Tomorrow the searchers head to the mountains.

      _

      For many in Native American communities across the nation, the problem of missing and murdered women is deeply personal.

      “I can’t think of a single person that I know ... who doesn’t have some sort of experience,” says Ivan MacDonald, a member of the Blackfeet Nation and a filmmaker. “These women aren’t just statistics. These are grandma, these are mom. This is an aunt, this is a daughter. This is someone who was loved ... and didn’t get the justice that they so desperately needed.”

      MacDonald and his sister, Ivy, recently produced a documentary on Native American women in Montana who vanished or were killed. One story hits particularly close to home. Their 7-year-old cousin, Monica, disappeared from a reservation school in 1979. Her body was found frozen on a mountain 20 miles away, and no one has ever been arrested.

      There are many similar mysteries that follow a pattern: A woman or girl goes missing, there’s a community outcry, a search is launched, a reward may be offered. There may be a quick resolution. But often, there’s frustration with tribal police and federal authorities, and a feeling many cases aren’t handled urgently or thoroughly.

      So why does this happen? MacDonald offers his own harsh assessment.

      “It boils down to racism,” he argues. “You could sort of tie it into poverty or drug use or some of those factors ... (but) the federal government doesn’t really give a crap at the end of the day.”

      Tribal police and investigators from the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs serve as law enforcement on reservations, which are sovereign nations. But the FBI investigates certain offenses and, if there’s ample evidence, the U.S. Department of Justice prosecutes major felonies such as murder, kidnapping and rape if they happen on tribal lands.

      Former North Dakota federal prosecutor Tim Purdon calls it a “jurisdictional thicket” of overlapping authority and different laws depending on the crime, where it occurred (on a reservation or not) and whether a tribal member is the victim or perpetrator. Missing person cases on reservations can be especially tricky. Some people run away, but if a crime is suspected, it’s difficult to know how to get help.

      “Where do I go to file a missing person’s report?” Purdon asks. “Do I go to the tribal police? ... In some places they’re underfunded and undertrained. The Bureau of Indian Affairs? The FBI? They might want to help, but a missing person case without more is not a crime, so they may not be able to open an investigation. ... Do I go to one of the county sheriffs? ... If that sounds like a horribly complicated mishmash of law enforcement jurisdictions that would tremendously complicate how I would try to find help, it’s because that’s what it is.”

      Sarah Deer, a University of Kansas professor, author of a book on sexual violence in Indian Country and member of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, offers another explanation for the missing and murdered: Native women, she says, have long been considered invisible and disposable in society, and those vulnerabilities attract predators.

      “It’s made us more of a target, particularly for the women who have addiction issues, PTSD and other kinds of maladies,” she says. “You have a very marginalized group, and the legal system doesn’t seem to take proactive attempts to protect Native women in some cases.”

      Those attitudes permeate reservations where tribal police are frequently stretched thin and lack training and families complain officers don’t take reports of missing women seriously, delaying searches in the first critical hours.

      “They almost shame the people that are reporting, (and say), ’Well, she’s out drinking. Well, she probably took up with some man,’” says Carmen O’Leary, director of the Native Women’s Society of the Great Plains. “A lot of times families internalize that kind of shame, (thinking) that it’s her fault somehow.”

      Matthew Lone Bear spent nine months looking for his older sister, Olivia — using drones and four-wheelers, fending off snakes and crisscrossing nearly a million acres, often on foot. The 32-year-old mother of five had last been seen driving a Chevy Silverado on Oct. 25, 2017, in downtown New Town, on the oil-rich terrain of North Dakota’s Fort Berthold Reservation.

      On July 31, volunteers using sonar found the truck with Olivia inside submerged in a lake less than a mile from her home. It’s a body of water that had been searched before, her brother says, but “obviously not as thoroughly, or they would have found it a long time ago.”

      Lone Bear says authorities were slow in launching their search — it took days to get underway — and didn’t get boats in the water until December, despite his frequent pleas. He’s working to develop a protocol for missing person cases for North Dakota’s tribes “that gets the red tape and bureaucracy out of the way,” he says.

      The FBI is investigating Olivia’s death. “She’s home,” her brother adds, “but how did she get there? We don’t have any of those answers.”

      Other families have been waiting for decades.

      Carolyn DeFord’s mother, Leona LeClair Kinsey, a member of the Puyallup Tribe, vanished nearly 20 years ago in La Grande, Oregon. “There was no search party. There was no, ’Let’s tear her house apart and find a clue,’” DeFord says. “I just felt hopeless and helpless.” She ended up creating her own missing person’s poster.

      “There’s no way to process the kind of loss that doesn’t stop,” says DeFord, who lives outside Tacoma, Washington. “Somebody asked me awhile back, ’What would you do if you found her? What would that mean?’... It would mean she can come home. She’s a human being who deserves to be honored and have her children and her grandchildren get to remember her and celebrate her life.”

      It’s another Native American woman whose name is attached to a federal bill aimed at addressing this issue. Savanna LaFontaine-Greywind, 22, was murdered in 2017 while eight months pregnant. Her body was found in a river, wrapped in plastic and duct tape. A neighbor in Fargo, North Dakota, cut her baby girl from her womb. The child survived and lives with her father. The neighbor, who pleaded guilty, was sentenced to life without parole; her boyfriend’s trial is set to start in September.

      In a speech on the Senate floor last fall, North Dakota Democrat Heidi Heitkamp told the stories of four other Native American women from her state whose deaths were unsolved. Displaying a giant board featuring their photos, she decried disproportionate incidences of violence that go “unnoticed, unreported or underreported.”

      Her bill, “Savanna’s Act,” aims to improve tribal access to federal crime information databases. It would also require the Department of Justice to develop a protocol to respond to cases of missing and murdered Native Americans and the federal government to provide an annual report on the numbers.

      At the end of 2017, Native Americans and Alaska Natives made up 1.8 percent of ongoing missing cases in the FBI’s National Crime Information Center database, even though they represent 0.8 percent of the U.S. population. These cases include those lingering and open from year to year, but experts say the figure is low, given that many tribes don’t have access to the database. Native women accounted for more than 0.7 percent of the missing cases — 633 in all — though they represent about 0.4 percent of the U.S. population.

      “Violence against Native American women has not been prosecuted,” Heitkamp said in an interview. “We have not really seen the urgency in closing cold cases. We haven’t seen the urgency when someone goes missing. ... We don’t have the clear lines of authority that need to be established to prevent these tragedies.”

      In August, Sen. Jon Tester, a Montana Democrat, asked the leaders of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs to hold a hearing to address the problem.

      Lawmakers in a handful of states also are responding. In Montana, a legislative tribal relations committee has proposals for five bills to deal with missing persons. In July 2017, 22 of 72 missing girls or women — or about 30 percent — were Native American, according to Montana’s Department of Justice. But Native females comprise only 3.3 percent of the state’s population.

      It’s one of many statistics that reveal a grim reality.

      On some reservations, Native American women are murdered at a rate more than 10 times the national average and more than half of Alaska Native and Native women have experienced sexual violence at some point, according to the U.S. Justice Department. A 2016 study found more than 80 percent of Native women experience violence in their lifetimes.

      Yet another federal report on violence against women included some startling anecdotes from tribal leaders. Sadie Young Bird, who heads victim services for the Three Affiliated Tribes at Fort Berthold, described how in 1½ years, her program had dealt with five cases of murdered or missing women, resulting in 18 children losing their mothers; two cases were due to intimate partner violence.

      “Our people go missing at an alarming rate, and we would not hear about many of these cases without Facebook,” she said in the report.

      Canada has been wrestling with this issue for decades and recently extended a government inquiry that began in 2016 into missing and murdered indigenous women. A report by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police concluded that from 1980 to 2012 there were 1,181 indigenous women murdered or whose missing person cases were unresolved. Lucchesi, the researcher, says she found an additional 400 to 500 cases in her database work.

      Despite some high-profile cases in the U.S., many more get scant attention, Lucchesi adds.

      “Ashley has been the face of this movement,” she says. “But this movement started before Ashley was born. For every Ashley, there are 200 more.”

      Browning is the heart of the Blackfeet Nation, a distinctly Western town with calf-roping competitions, the occasional horseback rider ambling down the street — and a hardscrabble reality. Nearly 40 percent of the residents live in poverty. The down-and-out loiter on corners. Shuttered homes with “Meth Unit” scrawled on wooden boards convey the damage caused by drugs.

      With just about 1,000 residents, many folks are related and secrets have a way of spilling out.

      “There’s always somebody talking,” says Ashley’s cousin, Lissa, “and it seems like to us since she disappeared, everybody got quiet. I don’t know if they’re scared, but so are we. That’s why we need people to speak up.”

      Missing posters of Ashley are displayed in grocery stores and the occasional sandwich shop. They show a fresh-faced, grinning woman, flashing the peace sign. In one, she gazes into the camera, her long hair blowing in the wind.

      One of nine children, including half-siblings, Ashley had lived with her grandmother outside town. Kimberly remembers her sister as funny and feisty, the keeper of the family photo albums who always carried a camera. She learned to ride a horse before a bike and liked to whip up breakfasts of biscuits and gravy that could feed an army.

      She was interested in environmental science and was completing her studies at Blackfeet Community College, with plans to attend the University of Montana.

      Kimberly says Ashley contacted her asking for money. Days later, she was gone.

      At first, her relatives say, tribal police suggested Ashley was old enough to take off on her own. The Bureau of Indian Affairs investigated, teaming up with reservation police, and interviewed 55 people and conducted 38 searches. There are persons of interest, spokeswoman Nedra Darling says, but she wouldn’t elaborate. A $10,000 reward is being offered.

      The FBI took over the case in January after a lead steered investigators off the reservation and into another state. The agency declined comment.

      Ashley’s disappearance is just the latest trauma for the Blackfeet Nation.

      Theda New Breast, a founder of the Native Wellness Institute, has worked with Lucchesi to compile a list of missing and murdered women in the Blackfoot Confederacy — four tribes in the U.S. and Canada. Long-forgotten names are added as families break generations of silence. A few months ago, a woman revealed her grandmother had been killed in the 1950s by her husband and left in a shallow grave.

      “Everybody knew about it, but nobody talked about it,” New Breast says, and others keep coming forward — perhaps, in part, because of the #MeToo movement. “Every time I bring out the list, more women tell their secret. I think that they find their voice.”

      Though these crimes have shaken the community, “there is a tendency to be desensitized to violence,” says MacDonald, the filmmaker. “I wouldn’t call it avoidance. But if we would feel the full emotions, there would be people crying in the streets.”

      His aunt, Mabel Wells, would be among them.

      Nearly 40 years have passed since that December day when her daughter, Monica, vanished. Wells remembers every terrible moment: The police handing her Monica’s boot after it was found by a hunter and the silent scream in her head: “It’s hers! It’s hers!” Her brother describing the little girl’s coat flapping in the wind after her daughter’s body was found frozen on a mountain. The pastor’s large hands that held hers as he solemnly declared: “Monica’s with the Lord.”

      Monica’s father, Kenny Still Smoking, recalls that a medicine man told him his daughter’s abductor was a man who favored Western-style clothes and lived in a red house in a nearby town, but there was no practical way to pursue that suggestion.

      He recently visited Monica’s grave, kneeling next to a white cross peeking out from tall grass, studying his daughter’s smiling photo, cracked with age. He gently placed his palm on her name etched into a headstone. “I let her know that I’m still kicking,” he says.

      Wells visits the gravesite, too — every June 2, Monica’s birthday. She still hopes to see the perpetrator caught. “I want to sit with them and say, ‘Why? Why did you choose my daughter?’”

      Even now, she can’t help but think of Monica alone on that mountain. “I wonder if she was hollering for me, saying, ‘Mom, help!’”

      _

      Ash-lee! Ash-lee!! Ash-lee! Ash-lee!!

      Some 20 miles northwest of Browning, the searchers have navigated a rugged road lined with barren trees scorched from an old forest fire. They have a panoramic view of majestic snowcapped mountains. A woman’s stained sweater was found here months ago, making the location worthy of another search. It’s not known whether the garment may be Ashley’s.

      First Kimberly, then Lissa Loring, call Ashley’s name — in different directions. The repetition four times by each woman is a ritual designed to beckon someone’s spirit.

      Lissa says Ashley’s disappearance constantly weighs on her. “All that plays in my head is where do we look? Who’s going to tell us the next lead?”

      That weekend at the annual North American Indian Days in Browning, the family marched in a parade with a red banner honoring missing and murdered indigenous women. They wore T-shirts with an image of Ashley and the words: “We will never give up.”

      Then Ashley’s grandmother and others took to a small arena for what’s known as a blanket dance, to raise money for the search. As drums throbbed, they grasped the edges of a blue blanket. Friends stepped forward, dropping in cash, some tearfully embracing Ashley’s relatives.

      The past few days reminded Kimberly of a promise she’d made to Ashley when their mother was wrestling with substance abuse problems and the girls were briefly in a foster home. Kimberly was 8 then; Ashley was just 5.

      “’We have to stick together,’” she’d told her little sister.

      “I told her I would never leave her. And if she was going to go anywhere, I would find her.”


      https://apnews.com/cb6efc4ec93e4e92900ec99ccbcb7e05

    • Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview

      Executive summary

      In late 2013, the Commissioner of the RCMP initiated an RCMP-led study of reported incidents of missing and murdered Aboriginal women across all police jurisdictions in Canada.

      This report summarizes that effort and will guide Canadian Police operational decision-making on a solid foundation. It will mean more targeted crime prevention, better community engagement and enhanced accountability for criminal investigations. It will also assist operational planning from the detachment to national level. In sum, it reveals the following:

      Police-recorded incidents of Aboriginal female homicides and unresolved missing Aboriginal females in this review total 1,181 – 164 missing and 1,017 homicide victims.
      There are 225 unsolved cases of either missing or murdered Aboriginal females: 105 missing for more than 30 days as of November 4, 2013, whose cause of disappearance was categorized at the time as “unknown” or “foul play suspected” and 120 unsolved homicides between 1980 and 2012.
      The total indicates that Aboriginal women are over-represented among Canada’s murdered and missing women.
      There are similarities across all female homicides. Most homicides were committed by men and most of the perpetrators knew their victims — whether as an acquaintance or a spouse.
      The majority of all female homicides are solved (close to 90%) and there is little difference in solve rates between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal victims.

      This report concludes that the total number of murdered and missing Aboriginal females exceeds previous public estimates. This total significantly contributes to the RCMP’s understanding of this challenge, but it represents only a first step.

      It is the RCMP’s intent to work with the originating agencies responsible for the data herein to release as much of it as possible to stakeholders. Already, the data on missing Aboriginal women has been shared with the National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR), which will be liaising with policing partners to publish additional cases on the Canada’s Missing website. Ultimately, the goal is to make information more widely available after appropriate vetting. While this matter is without question a policing concern, it is also a much broader societal challenge.

      The collation of this data was completed by the RCMP and the assessments and conclusions herein are those of the RCMP alone. The report would not have been possible without the support and contribution of the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada.

      As with any effort of such magnitude, this report needs to be caveated with a certain amount of error and imprecision. This is for a number of reasons: the period of time over which data was collected was extensive; collection by investigators means data is susceptible to human error and interpretation; inconsistency of collection of variables over the review period and across multiple data sources; and, finally, definitional challenges.

      The numbers that follow are the best available data to which the RCMP had access to at the time the information was collected. They will change as police understanding of cases evolve, but as it stands, this is the most comprehensive data that has ever been assembled by the Canadian policing community on missing and murdered Aboriginal women.

      http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en/missing-and-murdered-aboriginal-women-national-operational-overview
      #rapport

    • Ribbons of shame: Canada’s missing and murdered Indigenous women

      In Canada, Jessie Kolvin uncovers a shameful record of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. Examining the country’s ingrained racism, she questions whether Justin Trudeau’s government has used the issue for political gain.
      In 2017, Canada celebrated its 150th birthday. The country was ablaze with pride: mountain and prairie, metropolis and suburb, were swathed in Canadian flags bearing that distinctive red maple leaf.

      My eye was accustomed to the omnipresent crimson, so when I crossed a bridge in Toronto and saw dozens of red ribbons tied to the struts, I assumed they were another symbol of national honour and celebration.

      Positive energy imbued even the graffiti at the end of the bridge, which declared that, “Tout est possible”. I reflected that perhaps it really was possible to have a successful democracy that was progressive and inclusive and kind: Canada was living proof.

      Then my friend spoke briefly, gravely: “These are a memorial to the missing and murdered Indigenous* women.”

      In a moment, my understanding of Canada was revolutionised. I was compelled to learn about the Indigenous women and girls – believed to number around 4,000, although the number continues to rise – whose lives have been violently taken.

      No longer did the red of the ribbons represent Canadian pride; suddenly it signified Canadian shame, and Indigenous anger and blood.

      At home, I Googled: “missing and murdered Indigenous women”. It returned 416,000 results all peppered with the shorthand “MMIW”, or “MMIWG” to include girls. The existence of the acronym suggested that this was not some limited or niche concern.

      It was widespread and, now at least, firmly in the cultural and political consciousness.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      The oldest is 83, the youngest nine months. A random click yields the story of Angela Williams, a mother of three girls, who went missing in 2001 and was found dumped in a ditch beside a rural road in British Columbia.

      Another offers Tanya Jane Nepinak, who in 2011 didn’t return home after going to buy a pizza a few blocks away. A man has been charged with second-degree murder in relation to her disappearance, but her body has never been found.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      According to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Native American women constitute just 4.3% of the Canadian population but 16% of homicide victims. It isn’t a mystery as to why.

      Indigenous peoples are less likely than white Canadians to complete their education, more likely to be jobless, more likely to live in insecure housing, and their health – both physical and mental – is worse.

      Alcoholism and drug abuse abound, and Indigenous women are more likely to work in the sex trade. These environments breed vulnerability and violence, and violence tends to be perpetrated against women.

      Amnesty International has stated that Indigenous women in particular tend to be targeted because the “police in Canada have often failed to provide Indigenous women with an adequate standard of protection”.

      When police do intervene in Indigenous communities, they are often at best ineffectual and at worst abusive. Indigenous women are not, it appears, guaranteed their “right to life, liberty and security of the person” enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

      It didn’t take me long to realise that many of these problems – Indigenous women’s vulnerability, the violence perpetrated against them, the failure to achieve posthumous justice – can be partly blamed on the persistence of racism.

      Successive governments have failed to implement substantial change. Then Prime Minister Stephen Harper merely voiced what had previously been tacit when he said in 2014 that the call for an inquiry “isn’t really high on our radar”.

      If this is believable of Harper, it is much less so of his successor Justin Trudeau. With his fresh face and progressive policies, I had heralded his arrival. Many Native Americans shared my optimism.

      For Trudeau certainly talked the talk: just after achieving office, he told the Assembly of First Nations that: “It is time for a renewed, nation-to-nation relationship with First Nations peoples, one that understands that the constitutionally guaranteed rights of First Nations in Canada are not an inconvenience but rather a sacred obligation.”

      Trudeau committed to setting up a national public inquiry which would find the truth about why so many Indigenous women go missing and are murdered, and which would honour them.

      https://lacuna.org.uk/justice/ribbons-of-shame-canadas-missing-and-murdered-indigenous-women
      #disparitions #racisme #xénophobie



  • Deep Green: The 1970 concert that launched Greenpeace | Greenpeace International
    http://www.greenpeace.org/archive-international/en/about/deep-green/deep-green-jan-2010
    http://www.greenpeace.org

    In 1969, a United States plan to conduct nuclear bomb tests on Amchitka Island in the Aleutian archipelago ignited the movement in Canada that would become Greenpeace.

    Irving and Dorothy Stowe were American Quakers, who left the US in protest of its military policies, and arrived in Canada, in 1966, with their children Robert and Barbara. The Stowe home became a nexus of action to protest the US nuclear tests. Their Quaker friends Marie and Jim Bohlen first proposed the idea to sail a boat into the test zone. Canadian journalists Bob Hunter and Ben and Dorothy Metcalfe lent media experience, and the small group swelled with volunteers.

    Hunter wrote a newspaper column about the danger of a tsunami from the bomb tests, which provided the group with its first name: The Don’t Make a Wave Committee. Twenty-two year-old Bill Darnell, who organised an ’Ecology Caravan’ in Canada, inspired the name that has endured for four decades. After a meeting, when Irving Stowe said “Peace,” Darnell responded with “Make it a green peace,” and the name stuck.

    The group raised money with tin cans in corner grocery stores, and 25 cent ’Greenpeace’ buttons, but had not raised nearly enough to charter a boat and sail 6,000 kilometres across the Gulf of Alaska. Irving Stowe, a lover of music, decided to stage a rock concert.

    He wrote to activist musicians Joan Baez, Phil Ochs, and others. Ochs and the popular Canadian band Chilliwack agreed to appear. Baez could not attend, but sent a $1000 check and connected Stowe with Joni Mitchell, who agreed to perform and brought her friend James Taylor. Stowe booked Vancouver’s Pacific Coliseum for the event on16 October, 1970. Sound engineer Dave Zeffertt, recorded the concert on quarter-inch tape, and gave a copy to Stowe for his personal use only: it is a testament to Irving Stowe’s integrity that this historic recording never leaked out as a bootleg.

    #écologie #politique #histoire #greenpeace


  • Etats-Unis : le bacon et les donuts bientôt réautorisés pour chasser l’ours en Alaska

    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2018/05/23/etats-unis-le-bacon-et-les-donuts-bientot-reautorises-pour-chasser-l-ours-en

    Il sera bientôt possible pour les chasseurs en Alaska d’appâter les ours avec du bacon ou des donuts dans les zones protégées, l’administration Trump souhaitant revenir sur des réglementations adoptées sous Barack Obama. Le National Park Service (NPS) a en effet présenté, mardi 22 mai, un projet qui annule des mesures prises en 2015.

    Le NPS avait à l’époque interdit plusieurs pratiques, dénoncées par les associations de défense des animaux, dans les zones fédérales protégées d’Alaska. Elles comprenaient notamment l’utilisation de chiens pour chasser les ours noirs et l’usage de lampes pour traquer ces animaux et leurs oursons dans leur tanière.


  • The Head of the U.S. Coast Guard Isn’t Afraid to Talk About Climate Change – Foreign Policy
    http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/05/04/the-head-of-the-u-s-coast-guard-isnt-afraid-to-talk-about-climate-cha

    Even as other government agencies have quietly banished references to climate change, the head of the U.S. Coast Guard does not shy away from the subject that the White House has made practically taboo.

    Adm. Paul Zukunft, who retires next month, almost never specifically uses those two words. Instead, he talks about rising sea levels, melting polar ice, and increasingly severe hurricanes. “As a first responder with a U.S. population that is migrating towards the coasts, it presses us into service,” he says in an interview with Foreign Policy.

    But Zukunft focuses on the effects, not the man-made emissions driving the rising temperatures. “I don’t assign causality,” he says. “I just know that I own the consequence piece of this one when it comes to mass rescues.
    […]
    Zukunft talks about the Coast Guard’s experience in “the fourth coast” in northern Alaska, where indigenous communities are watching their homes be swallowed up by rising seas.

    We have more than 30 villages north of the Arctic Circle in Alaska who are subject to coastal erosion and a rise in sea level,” Zukunft says. “The first thing that strikes you when you fly in by helicopter are the number of homes that are literally toppling into the ocean.
    […]
    A recent study commissioned by the Pentagon, for instance, looked at the impact of rising sea levels on American military sites in the Pacific, and specifically asked the authors of the report to consider potential scenarios for rising seas.

    And if climate change is unlikely to resonate with the president, its potential to undermine national security certainly appears to make an impression on Congress. In January, 106 House members — 11 of whom were Republicans — wrote Trump to express their dissatisfaction at the absence of any mention of climate in the National Security Strategy.
    […]
    The Coast Guard’s bid to obtain badly needed resources to complete its Arctic mission is symptomatic of Washington’s wider neglect of the Arctic, says David Titley, a retired U.S. Navy rear admiral. When it comes to the Arctic, says Titley, the Coast Guard can fulfill “constabulary missions” such as fishing protection, search and rescue, and pollution protection.

    Receding ice in the Arctic also means increased shipping traffic, making the need to prepare for search and rescue operations in case of a “Titanic event” — Zukunft’s term for a sinking cruise ship.

    You have cruise ships in these waters, it’s the last frontier if you will,” he says. “We don’t have search and rescue stations across our fourth coast, the Arctic Coast.

    Apart from the practical effects of a warmer Arctic, Washington faces a strategic challenge from Russian — and potentially Chinese — efforts to freeze the United States out of the region. But Zukunft says U.S. political leaders are not ready to make a commitment to a more ambitious American presence in the north.

    There is no bipartisan, bicameral consensus that we the United States, with a GDP 10 times that of Russia, just need to make it a priority to invest in the Arctic,” Zukunft says.

    #Arctique


  • « Titanic nucléaire » : la première centrale flottante a quitté la Russie
    https://www.ouest-france.fr/environnement/nucleaire/titanic-nucleaire-la-premiere-centrale-flottante-quitte-la-russie-57313

    La première centrale nucléaire flottante du monde, exploitée par le géant russe Rosatom, a quitté le port de Saint-Pétersbourg, samedi. Sous l’œil des écologistes inquiets pour l’Arctique.

    Elle s’appelle L’Akademik Lomonosov et c’est la première centrale nucléaire flottante du monde. Cette innovation exploitée par le géant Rosatom, contrôlé par l’État russe, a quitté le port de Saint-Péterbourg, samedi.

    Direction Mourmansk, où elle sera chargée en combustible et testée. En 2019, elle devrait être remorquée jusqu’à Pevek son emplacement définitif, situé à 5 000 km de là, pas très loin de l’Alaska.

    Les riverains de la mer Baltique ont vu partir cette usine avec soulagement. Greenpeace l’a baptisée « Titanic nucléaire » ; la Norvège s’y oppose depuis 2013. En juillet, elle a obtenu que les deux réacteurs nucléaires KLT-40 ne soient alimentés en uranium qu’après avoir franchi ses 83 000 km de côtes.

    À Saint-Péterbourg, ce fut aussi le soulagement pour les cinq millions d’habitants, dont beaucoup ont signé la pétition relayée par l’écologiste Alexander Nikitin, de la fondation Bellona. Cet ancien officier russe est aussi inquiet pour l’environnement fragile de l’Arctique.

    Il rappelle que les fonds marins de la baie de Chazhma, près de Vladivostok, dans le Pacifique, sont toujours contaminés après le ravitaillement d’un sous-marin nucléaire qui a mal tourné, en 1985 : « L’explosion a aussi tué dix personnes et n’a été révélée qu’en 1993 ».
     
    Alexei Likhachev, le patron de Rosatom, se veut rassurant. On n’est plus à l’époque soviétique. Il ne faut pas faire fuir la quinzaine de pays déjà intéressés, tels la Chine, l’Algérie, l’Indonésie…
    « Ces centrales flottantes sont dangereuses, insiste Jan Haverkamp, expert nucléaire de Greenpeace pour l’Europe centrale et orientale. Elles ont une coque à fond plat, pas de propulsion et seront basées dans des eaux peu profondes, ce qui les rend particulièrement vulnérables aux tsunamis et aux cyclones. »

    #Chazhma lire #Tchajma


  • Trump Administration Wants American Indians to be Considered a Race Rather than Sovereign Nations - Native News Online

    https://nativenewsonline.net/currents/trump-administration-wants-american-indians-to-be-considered-a-rac

    WASHINGTON – As a threat to tribal sovereignty, the Trump administration is attempting to strip American Indians and Alaska Natives from health care.

    Politico reported Sunday, the Trump administration says Native Americans might need to get a job if they want to keep their health care.

    “Tribal leaders want an exemption from new Medicaid work rules being introduced in several states, and they say there are precedents for health care exceptions. Native Americans don’t have to pay penalties for not having health coverage under Obamacare’s individual mandate, for instance.” reports Politico.

    #états-unis #premières_nations #trump #nations_indiennes