provinceorstate:new brunswick

  • Breaking: #Canada Announces That Its Border Wall Is Already Finished | The Inertia

    In incredible news out of Canada, officials have happily announced that the country easily finished its own border wall in the past 21 days while everyone was distracted by the U.S. government shutdown. And it was a simple solution: one of the snowiest countries in the world used its overabundance of frozen water to create a border wall spanning nearly 4,000 miles from the shores of British Columbia in the west to New Brunswick in the east. The purpose? Keep weed-puffing, hard-drinking Americans seeking better times out of the country.

    “For years, Americans have crossed our borders to bypass repressive laws and governments in their own country, simply to have a better time, be it the drinking age limit or, more recently, to smoke weed legally,” announced Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. “Well, those benefits are for our citizens.”

    #mur #etats-unis

    Editor’s Note: If you didn’t figure out this was #satire within the first few sentences, shoot us a note and we’ll send someone to hit you over the head with a frying pan immediately.

  • Female Spies and Gender-Bending Soldiers Changed the Course of the Civil War | Collectors Weekly

    After 150 years, America is still haunted by the ghosts of its Civil War, whose story has been romanticized for so long it’s hard to keep the facts straight. In our collective memory of the war, men are the giants, the heroes remembered as fighting nobly for their beliefs. Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s surrender to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia on April 9, 1865, has achieved the status of legend, the moment a broken country started to reunite, even though that’s not exactly true.

    “A Lincoln official was completely flummoxed when he said, ‘What are we going to do with these fashionable women spies?’”

    What’s been largely lost to history is how remarkably influential women were to the course of the Civil War—from its beginning to its end. Without Rose O’Neal Greenhow’s masterfully run spy ring, the Union might have ended the months-old war with a swift victory over the Confederates in July 1861. Instead, the widow leaked Union plans to Confederate generals, allowing them to prepare and deliver a devastating Union loss at the First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas, which caused the war to drag out for four more years. Elizabeth Van Lew, another woman running a brilliant spy ring who also happened to be a feminist and a “spinster,” was instrumental to the fall of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, on April 1, 1865, leading to Lee’s surrender eight days later.

    #historicisation #femmes #soldates #espionnes

    • Abbott says she would have loved to have featured African American women more prominently in the book, but by and large, she was not able to find enough source material revealing their perspectives. The one exception was Harriet Tubman, who also used her slave escape route known as the Underground Railroad, where African American hymns spread messages through coded lyrics, to operate a spy ring herself. But Tubman’s story was much too large to be contained within the scope of the Civil War.


    • Edmondson was actually one of 400 known women who passed as men to serve in the military during the Civil War. While the War Department required that Union recruits undergo a full physical exam, which would including stripping naked, most doctors were so overwhelmed by the flood of potential soldiers they cut corners and approved the volunteers with a quick glance. Very few of the women posing as soldiers were living as men before the war. Some female privates were fleeing abusive parents or husbands. Some women didn’t want to be separated from their husbands who were enlisting. Others, like Edmondson, felt deeply committed to their sides’ cause. Most of them, Abbott speculates, were impoverished and in desperate need of the military stipend, $13 a month for Union privates and $11 for Confederates. Abbott was most puzzled by how few got caught.

      “I came to the conclusion that they were getting away with it because nobody had any idea what a woman would look like wearing pants,” she says. “People were so used to seeing women’s bodies pushed and pulled in these exaggerated shapes with corsets and crinoline. The idea of a woman in pants, let alone an entire Army uniform, was so unfathomable that they couldn’t see it, even if she were standing in front of them. Emma had such a great advantage over the other women: Here’s somebody who already honed her voice and her mannerisms. She was already comfortable as Frank Thompson, who was a real person to her. She wasn’t going to make any of the rookie mistakes, like the woman who, when somebody threw an apple to her, reached for the hem of her nonexistent apron, trying to catch the apple. My favorite story is the corporal from New Jersey who gave birth while she was on picket duty, like, ‘The jig is up!’”

      While Abbott considers Edmondson “gender fluid,” she decided to write about her with a “she” pronoun, as a woman, as opposed to writing about her as a transgender man with a “he” pronoun, in part because Edmondson abandoned her Frank Thompson persona after she deserted the Army—out of fear she was about to be exposed and arrested—on April 17, 1863, and never brought him back. She changed her name to Emma Edmonds and started living as a woman again.

      “After the war, Emma ended up getting married and having children,” Abbott says. “Frank Thompson was just as legitimate a person, I think, to Emma, but somebody that she also decided ultimately that she was not. He was, I think, somebody who was convenient to her in that time. She was clearly attracted to men during the war because she fell in love with a fellow private, but who knows if she was bisexual. That’s certainly a possibility that she might not have felt comfortable exploring or even knew how to acknowledge in that time period. She was definitely gender fluid, and Belle was probably as well.”

      Frank Leslie’s 1863 cartoon “The Art of Inspiring Courage” shows a woman threatening to join the Union army if her husband doesn’t. (Courtesy of Karen Abbott)

      Part of Emma’s impulse to create Frank Thompson came from a desire to escape the dreary life as a farmer’s wife she saw laid out before her in New Brunswick, Canada, before the war: She suffered at the hands of her abusive father; she saw how miserable her sisters were as farmer’s wives; and at 16, she was set to be married off to a lecherous elderly neighbor. Men seemed to be the source of her misery; but they also had all the power to be free. In her writings, she described men as “the implacable enemy” and wrote how she hated “male tyranny.”

      According to Emma’s memoir, she was inspired by a novel she bought from a peddler, Fanny Campbell, the Female Pirate Captain: A Tale of Revolution, which told the story of a woman who disguised as a man and became a pirate to liberate her kidnapped lover. After Fanny freed him, she continued to pose as a male pirate for several weeks, as the pair had more adventures on the high seas. Supposedly, this story fueled Emma to cut her long hair, run away from home, and start living as Frank in the United States.

      The title page of “Fanny Campbell, the Female Pirate Captain: A Tale of Revolution,” the book that inspired Emma to start living as a man. (Via Harvard University, Houghton Library)

      “She was very much like a second-wave feminist, way before the second wave,” Abbott says. “She recognized that men had the power, and the way for her to attain any of that was to become a man. But she definitely felt comfortable as a man, and I think that that was a vital, integral part of her personality.”

      What’s surprising throughout the book is the way old men, like Emma’s neighbor, would openly ogle teenage girls. Back then, the age of sexual consent was right after puberty, which could be as early as age 10 or 12. By age 17, a rival of Belle Boyd’s already dubbed her “the fastest girl in Virginia or anywhere else for that matter.”

  • The Nautilus Weekly Science News Quiz - Facts So Romantic

    Think you’ve got what it takes to ace our science news quiz? This week, we want you to tell us why Saharan silver ants are so special, how baboons mimic the political process, and more. Go on, test yourself. 

    NB. If you are interested in seeing more of Science Friday’s octopus episode, please follow this link.Read More…

  • Mapping Out the Hidden World of Women Cartographers – News Watch

    “Oftentimes the world of women cartographers seems to be hidden, much like the so-called dark side of the moon,” says Will C. Van Den Hoonaard in Map Worlds: A History of Women in Cartography, newly published by Wilfrid Laurier University Press. As it turns, a woman—the Russian-born cartographer Kira Shingareva—was one of the first mapmakers to plot the dark side of the moon in 1965. We asked Van Den Hoonaard, a professor emeritus of sociology at the University of New Brunswick, to tell us more about what he calls “cartography from the margins.”

    What provoked your interest in the subject of women cartographers?

    I started out as a cartographic editor, at one point served on a committee, and noticed how happy a colleague was. I asked why and she told me she had just been named chair of the International Cartographic Association’s Commission on Gender and Cartography. That started me thinking…

    #cartographie #femmes_cartographes

  • Qui est Ed Burkhardt ?
    Chairman de Montréal, Maine and Atlantic Railway (MMA) propriétaire du train ayant provoqué l’accident de #Lac_Mégantic
    Président et CEO de la société mère de MMA : Rail World, Inc.

    Sur le site de la société mère
    Rail World, Inc.

    A railway management, consulting and investment corporation specializing in privatizations and restructurings. Its purpose is to promote rail industry privatization by bringing together government bodies wishing to sell their stakes with investment capital and management skills. Rail World was incorporated in July 1999 by Edward A. Burkhardt, who is the President and Chief Executive Officer.

    United States and Canada
    Mr. Burkhardt serves as Chairman of the Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway, a 750 mile regional railway operating in Maine, Vermont, Quebec and New Brunswick. He is President of The San Luis Central Railroad Company, a short line railway based in Monte Vista, Colorado, and serves on the Board of Directors of the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railway, a regional carrier serving the states of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.

    Mr. Burkhardt is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of AS Baltic Rail, based in Tallinn, which is developing the Finland - Baltic States – Poland rail corridor involving automatic change of track gauge at the Lithuania / Poland border. He led the Estonian Railways privatization in 2001 and served as Chairman of its Supervisory Board until it was repurchased by the Estonian government in early 2007.

    He is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Rail Polska, based in Warsaw. Rail Polska completed two short-line railway acquisitions in early 2003: Kolex (based in Oświecim) and ZecTrans (based in Wrocław). Rail Polska has been granted unrestricted operator license on the Polish rail network, and commenced long-haul train operations, primarily handling power-station coal, in October 2003. Rail Polska is currently expanding rapidly in the deregulated European rail marketplace.

    Il en manque. Sur le site de Rail World Ukraine, on trouve un peu d’historique de ses interventions passées (et de ses grosses plus-values antérieures…-

    New Zealand :
    While with Wisconsin Central, Mr. Burkhardt led the privatisation and subsequently served as Chairman of Tranz Rail Holdings Ltd., the rail and ferry system of New Zealand, from its start-up in September 1993 thru August 1999

    United Kingdom :
    Also while with Wisconsin Central, Mr. Burkhardt served as Chairman and Chief Executive of English Welsh & Scottish Railway Ltd. during the period from its start-up in December 1995 through July 1999. He led the investor group that purchased five railway operations from the British Railway Board, which handled 93% of rail freight in the United Kingdom.

    Australia :
    Mr. Burkhardt was also Chairman of Australian Transport Network from 1997 through August 1999, which purchased Tasrail, a freight carrier operating in the island State of Tasmania, Australia. Subsequently, Tasrail purchased the Emu Bay Railway from the mining company Pasminco and merged the two rail operations. ATN also was an investment of Wisconsin Central.

    Estonia :
    Mr. Burkhardt is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Navirail OÜ, based in Tallinn, which operates a freight ferry between Helsinki and Tallinn. He is also Chairman of the Supervisory Board of AS Baltic Rail, also based in Tallinn, which is developing the Finland - Baltic States – Poland rail corridor involving automatic change of track gauge at the Lithuania / Poland border. He led the Estonian Railways privatization in 2001 and served as Chairman of its Supervisory Board until it was repurchased by the Estonian government in early 2007.

    Poland :
    He is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Rail Polska, based in Warsaw. Rail Polska completed two short-line railway acquisitions in early 2003: Kolex (based in Oświecim) and ZecTrans (based in Wrocław). Rail Polska has been granted unrestricted operator license on the Polish rail network, and commenced long-haul train operations, primarily handling power-station coal, in October 2003. Rail Polska is currently expanding rapidly in the deregulated European rail marketplace.

    Ukraine :
    Mr. Burkhardt is Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Rail World Ukrain e, based in Kyiv. RWU was incorporated in 2009 to edngage in a freight forwarding business specializing in traffic flows crossing Ukraine’s western border, and to work with Ukrainian Railways on locomotive projects and in certification of the Talgo variable track-gauge system, for which Rail World holds the freight license.

    Par ailleurs, il suscite une admiration effrénée des sectateurs d’#Ayn_Rand de la #Atlas_Society (article assez ancien, 1998)
    La conclusion du dithyrambe (et accessoirement pamphlet antisyndical…)
    Wisconsin Central Railroad | Ayn Rand, Objectivism, and Individualism | The Atlas Society

    Ed Burkhardt may have been naïve in his wish that his company be everybody’s favorite railroad. But for those of use who admire the creators and executors of new ideas that profitably solve old problems, the Wisconsin Central has to be our favorite (nonfiction) railroad.

    Cette conclusion suit la partie où l’auteur défend le valeureux Ed Burkhardt des viles attaques prétextant sa responsabilité dans un malheureux accident de chemin de fer en 1996 dans le Wisconsin (la société à partir de laquelle le héros prît son envol.

    Dans les mots du laudateur, sous le titre de paragraphe :
    Power and Envy

    Inevitably, the success of Wisconsin Central attracted the animosity of those who resent achievement. The vultures were ready to pounce whenever misfortune struck. And they did pounce in the aftermath of a train derailment caused by a broken switch in the small community of Weyauwega, Wisconsin, in March 1996. Thirty-five cars derailed, almost half of them containing liquefied petroleum gas. One car exploded, but the heroic efforts of the train’s conductor minimized the extent of the fire. No one was injured.

    Dans la presse canadienne (#paywall)

    Lac-Mégantic : un présage de la tragédie au Wisconsin | Explosion Lac-Mégantic | Dossiers JdeM | Le Journal de Montréal

    Les compagnies ferroviaires opérées par Ed Burkhardt, le patron de la Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway, n’en sont pas à leur premier déraillement en plein cœur d’une ville. Un grave accident survenu en 1996 au Wisconsin rappelle étrangement la tragédie de Lac-Mégantic, et pose la question des leçons tirées de l’événement.

    • La mairesse de Lac-Mégantic met en garde Ed Burkhardt | Philippe Teisceira-Lessard | Tragédie à Lac-Mégantic

      Colette Roy-Laroche a indiqué ne pas encore avoir reçu d’invitation à rencontrer Ed Burkhardt, qui arrive à Lac-Mégantic aujourd’hui. « Il a le droit d’être ici, j’imagine », a-t-elle laissé tombé, presque à regret. Auparavant, elle l’avait qualifié de « personnage ».

      La mairesse a refusé de dire si elle croyait opportun de voir M. Burkhardt viennent visiter des sinistrés - à la polyvalente locale par exemple - dans le cadre de ce passage. 

      « Je sais que mes citoyens sont très révoltés. C’est son choix, c’est sa décision, a-t-elle averti. Il s’expose à des gens qui seront en colère. »

      L’élue a ajouté qu’elle aurait aimé pouvoir rencontrer l’homme d’affaires « beaucoup plus tôt ».

    • « J’espère que je ne me ferai pas tirer dessus » - Ed Burkhardt | Explosion Lac-Mégantic | Dossiers JdeM | Le Journal de Montréal

      Mais il s’y rendra assurément, mercredi au plus tard, afin de constater l’ampleur des dommages causés par le déraillement d’un train de sa compagnie.

      Il ne s’attend pas à un accueil chaleureux de la part des résidents de Lac-Mégantic et a dit comprendre que les gens aient besoin de se défouler.

      Ed Burkhardt a affirmé avoir reçu un grand nombre de messages courriels ou téléphoniques agressifs et espère que sa sécurité ne sera pas compromise lors de sa visite.

      « J’espère que je ne me ferai pas tirer dessus, a-t-il indiqué. Je ne porterai pas de gilet pare-balles. Je sais qu’il y a beaucoup de colère dans le coin et je comprends. J’ai reçu beaucoup de messages haineux. »

      Le dirigeant de l’entreprise espère aussi pouvoir comprendre ce qui a pu provoquer une telle tragédie.

      Son hypothèse, à cette heure, est que les pompiers appelés pour lutter contre le feu de la locomotive auraient pu éteindre le moteur sans toutefois communiquer cette information aux employés responsables du chemin de fer. Or, le moteur assurait une pression sur les freins pour assurer qu’il demeure immobile à Nantes.

      Les freins ne fonctionnant plus une fois le moteur arrêté, le train aurait alors déboulé la pente menant à Lac-Mégantic à quelques kilomètres de là.

      Lorsque les employés de son entreprise ont été prévenus de la coupure du moteur, il était déjà trop tard pour empêcher le drame, selon M. Burkhardt.

    • Portes closes au siège social de Montreal, Maine&Atlantic Railway | Philippe Mercure | Tragédie à Lac-Mégantic

      (Hermon, Maine) Le siège social de la Montreal, Maine&Atlantic Railway (MMA) ne paie pas de mine. Planqué au bout d’une route industrielle en marge d’un village du Maine où il ne se passe rien, le bâtiment d’un étage est à peine plus grand qu’une maison. Mardi matin, seulement huit voitures y étaient garées.

      Ne cherchez pas ici des réponses concernant la tragédie de Lac-Mégantic.

      « Il n’y a personne ici qui peut vous parler », nous a dit un gardien de sécurité, habillé aux couleurs de la firme Securitas.

      Nos appels répétés chez Rail World, le holding de Chicago possédant MMA, n’ont pas aidé à franchir les portes de ce lieu de Hermon, au Maine, d’où sont dirigées les activités de la société ferroviaire.
      Selon Jim Freeman, militant de l’organisation environnementale Maine Earth, la MMA a décidé de se lancer dans le transport de pétrole il y a moins d’un an, alors qu’elle n’avait pas les infrastructures pour le faire.

      « Ils ont mis la charrue devant les boeufs, croit-il. Ils auraient dû attendre quelques mois et sécuriser leurs rails. Mais ils ont sauté sur l’occasion à cause de leur situation financière, et maintenant nous en payons tous le prix. »

      Un journaliste local nous a décrit l’entreprise comme « peu collaboratrice« et »en lutte pour sa survie ». « On les voit passer ici - ils sont complètement broche à foin », a aussi confié un douanier canadien.

  • Gallery will show Gaza children’s art after complaints - New Brunswick - CBC News

    Fredericton’s Charlotte Street Art Centre has decided that it will show an art exhibit featuring drawings created by Palestinian children despite its decision to postpone the display last week.

    The art centre was getting ready to display “A Child’s View of Gaza” last Friday until the project was put on hold.

    National organizers of the art exhibit only heard about the postponement at the last minute and were only told that the Charlotte Street Centre had received complaints.

    The art work depicts what the children remember about Israel’s Operation Cast Lead, a two-month-long military assault that killed 1,400 Palestinians, including 300 children.

    Nora Kelly, the president of the Charlotte Street Arts Centre, issued a statement on Tuesday evening, saying the board has voted to show the art exhibit starting on April 26.


    The exhibit in question has already been shown in 30 towns and cities across Canada, including Moncton and Riverview. It showcases works of art, 26 in all, drawn by children in Gaza.


    Thomas Woodley, the president of Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East, the group that organized the art display, said the art centre’s original decision is a “form of censorship.”


  • About « Experimental Geographies

    Le site d’un géographe radical expériental

    I’m a Lecturer in Cultural and Historical Geography in the School of Geography at the University of Nottingham having joined the school at the beginning of October 2004. I was actually born in Fredericton, New Brunswick though I grew up in Calgary. I moved to Vancouver to study and spent the better part of 10 years at the University of British Columbia. I also lived in Germany while I was working on my PhD spending time in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Mainz. I’m currently working on two book projects. One focuses on the historical and political geography of the German Hausbesetzerbewegung (squatter movement) from the 1960s onwards. The other explores the relationship between landscape and representation in contemporary photographic practice.

    I thought I’d set up this blog as an attempt to experiment with and think through different geographical approaches to aesthetics and politics.

    #cartographie-radicale #géographie-radicale

  • A Leader’s Lexicon for the 21st Century | Dissident Voice

    Intended to help all 21st Century leaders (Western, of course) when making speeches or statements to the press and their gullible public. N.B.: this is not an exhaustive list, and leaders will invent their own useful words and phrases, freely copied by their fellows.

    Insurgents (also known as terrorists, Mujahideen, Al Qaeda, Taliban, Islamists): bad. We don’t support them.

    Rebels: good. We support them, with weapons and other equipment, training by our own forces (that are not there) because…

    Boots on the ground: we are not going to send in any of our own troops (because they went in secretly last week/month/year).

    Regimes, dictatorships: legitimate governments we don’t support.

    Governments: regimes and dictatorships we do support.

    ‘We are proud of our special relationship’: we buy arms from them.

    ‘Partners’: we sell arms to them.

    Friendly nations: and them. (...)