provinceorstate:oregon

    • L’analyse de Cathy O’Neil sur la puissance de destruction de certains algorithmes mal intentionnés vaut aussi dans le secteur de l’éducation. Aux Etats-Unis, les étudiants les plus pauvres se retrouvent ainsi inondés de pubs pour des facs de seconde catégorie, qui misent tout là-dessus pour remplir leurs amphis, quand les bonnes facs jouent plus de la réputation de leurs profs : « Apollo Group, maison mère de l’Université de Phoenix, a dépensé en 2010 plus de 1 milliard de dollars pour son marketing, focalisé presque entièrement sur le recrutement. Ce qui donnait 2 225 dollars par étudiant pour le marketing, et seulement 892 pour l’enseignement, raconte Cathy O’Neil. Un chiffre à comparer au Portland Community College, dans l’Oregon, qui dépense 5 953 dollars par étudiant pour l’enseignement et 185 pour le marketing ».

      #parcoursup ?

    • Pour ceux et celles qui ont du mal à voir l’aspect politique de leurs pratiques internet …

      Je suis sur Google, je n’utilise pas Tor ou autres proxy. Je n’ai pas besoin de me cacher : les ravages des algorithmes ne frappent pas des gens comme moi. Au contraire, le système est fait pour favoriser les gens comme moi et fragilise encore les plus fragiles

      #contrôle_social #inégalités


  • L’Amérique des sans-abri. Par Chris Hedges
    https://www.les-crises.fr/lamerique-des-sans-abri-par-chris-hedges

    Source : Truthdig, Chris Hedges, 08-10-2018 8 octobre 2018 Par Chris Hedges PORTLAND, Oregon – Il est 8 heures du matin. Je suis dans les petits bureaux de Street Roots, un hebdomadaire qui imprime 10 000 exemplaires par édition. Ceux qui vendent le journal dans la rue, tous victimes de l’extrême pauvreté et la moitié […]

    • . . . . .
      Bien que les estimations des administrations fédérales situent le nombre de sans-abri du pays à 554 000, la plupart des villes – y compris Portland, qui compte officiellement environ 4 000 sans-abri – estiment que leur nombre, notoirement difficile à évaluer, est au moins trois fois supérieur. Les écoles de Portland, comme la plupart des écoles publiques du pays, constatent une augmentation de l’itinérance chez leurs élèves – 1 522 enfants dans le district scolaire de Beaverton, soit 4 % des inscriptions totales, et 1 509 dans les écoles publiques de Portland, soit 3 % des inscriptions totales. Le problème s’étend à de nombreuses petites villes de l’Oregon. À Butte Falls (429 habitants en 2010), dans le comté de Jackson, il y a 56 étudiants sans-abri, soit 30 % de l’effectif total du district. Beaucoup d’étudiants sans-abri, parce qu’ils passent souvent d’un endroit temporaire à un autre, n’apparaissent jamais dans les statistiques officielles.
      . . . . .
      De l’autre côté de la rue se trouve l’ancien Oshu Nippo News, le quotidien de langue japonaise qui a été attaqué par le FBI le 7 décembre 1941, lors de l’attaque de Pearl Harbor. Elle a été fermée et son personnel arrêté. La population japonaise du quartier a été raflée, dépouillée de tous ses biens et placée dans des camps de concentration, faisant partie des 120 000 Japonais-américains, la plupart originaires de Californie et du Nord-Ouest, qui ont été internés pendant la guerre. Des gens qui n’étaient qu’un seizième Japonais ont été arrêtés. Soixante-deux pour cent de ces personnes déplacées selon une directive d’internement étaient des citoyens américains. Il n’y a pas eu de rapports dignes de foi indiquant qu’ils constituaient un risque pour la sécurité. C’était une politique fondée sur le racisme.

      La communauté japonaise de Portland ne s’est jamais rétablie après la guerre. Les crimes passés de l’État se confondent, aux yeux de Kaia Sand, la directrice exécutive de Street Roots, avec les crimes actuels.

      « Ces familles se sont retrouvées sans-abri et incarcérées sur ordre du gouvernement fédéral », dit-elle. « Leurs possessions étaient réduites à ce qui rentrait dans des valises. Maintenant, dans ces mêmes rues, les gens transportent aussi leurs sacs et leurs chagrins sans domicile. »
      . . . . .


  • U.S. eyes West Coast military bases to export coal, gas -report | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-trump-coal/update-1-us-eyes-west-coast-military-bases-to-export-coal-gas-report-idUSL2

    President Donald Trump’s administration is considering using West Coast military facilities to export coal and natural gas to Asia, according to an Associated Press report on Monday, citing U.S. Department of Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke.

    The move would help fossil fuel producers ship their products to Asia and circumvent environmental concerns in Democratic-leaning states like Washington, Oregon and California that have rejected efforts to build new coal ports.

    In an interview in Montana, Zinke told AP “it’s in our interest for national security and our allies to make sure that they have access to affordable energy commodities” and proposed using naval facilities or other federal properties for exports.

    Zinke, a former Navy SEAL, said the former Naval Air Facility Adak in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands could be used to export natural gas. He did not specify any others.
    […]
    The idea drew praise from the U.S. coal industry, which is eager to overcome a dearth of export terminals on the U.S. West Coast. Currently, U.S. coal exported into the Pacific basin must go through Canada’s British Columbia.


  • How a Ragtag Group of Oregon Locals Took On the Biggest Chemical Companies in World — and Won
    https://theintercept.com/2018/09/15/oregon-pesticides-aerial-spray-ban

    THE PEOPLE WHO wrote an ordinance banning the aerial spraying of pesticides in western Oregon last year aren’t professional environmental advocates. Their group, Lincoln County Community Rights, has no letterhead, business cards, or paid staff. Its handful of core members includes the owner of a small business that installs solar panels, a semi-retired Spanish translator, an organic farmer who raises llamas, and a self-described caretaker and Navajo-trained weaver.

    #pesticides #agrochimie


  • When did you start getting into computers and the internet?
    https://hackernoon.com/when-did-you-start-getting-into-computers-and-the-internet-159cab7660ff?

    via Where There’s Smooke There’s Fire: Interview With David Smooke Founder of Hacker Noon by Pirate Beachbum on Hacker Noon:“Oregon trail in the computer lab was among my early computer memories. When the first computer made it into my house I didn’t think it was a big deal. Floppy disks, meh. The breakthrough wasn’t the computer; the breakthrough was the internet. AIM & ICQ were game changers to the middle school social life. The introduction of instant textual interaction. Chatting it up. Away messages. Moving the power of words to the screen. Instant messaging laid the groundwork for “clarifying” the difference between 1:1 communication and 1:public communication.I remember joining a ‘gifted’ program where we picked stocks after school with fake money. Musta’ been about 13 or 14. That’s (...)

    #netflix #oregon-trail #getting-into-computers #david-smooke #and-the-internet


  • L’empreinte d’un ancien changement climatique abrupt trouvée dans l’Arctique.

    Following the Fresh Water : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
    http://www.whoi.edu/news-release/following-the-fresh-water


    09/07/2018

    (...)

    Une équipe de recherche dirigée par l’Institut océanographique de Woods Hole (WHOI) a trouvé l’empreinte d’une inondation massive d’eau douce dans l’ouest de l’Arctique, qui serait la cause d’une vague de froid qui a commencé il y a environ 13 000 ans.

    « Ce changement climatique brutal - connu sous le nom de Younger Dryas - a mis fin à plus de 1000 ans de réchauffement », explique Lloyd Keigwin, océanographe à WHOI et auteur principal du document(...).
    La cause de [ce refroidissement] (...), est restée un mystère et une source de débat depuis des décennies.

    De nombreux chercheurs croyaient que la source provenait d’un important afflux d’eau douce provenant des glaciers fondant dans l’Atlantique Nord, perturbant le système de circulation en eau profonde - AMOC (Atlantic Meridional Oversurning Circulation) - qui transporte les eaux plus chaudes et libère de la chaleur.

    Cependant, la preuve géologique manquait.

    En 2013, une équipe de chercheurs de l’Institut d’océanographie Scripps de l’Université de Californie à San Diego et de l’Oregon State University a entrepris de naviguer vers l’est de la mer de Beaufort à la recherche de l’inondation près du fleuve Mackenzie, formant la frontière entre les territoires du Yukon et du Nord-Ouest du Canada. À bord du Cutter Healy des gardes-côtes américains, l’équipe a recueilli des carottes de sédiments le long de la pente continentale à l’est du fleuve Mackenzie. Après avoir analysé les coquilles de plancton fossile trouvées dans les carottes de sédiments, ils ont trouvé le signal géochimique longtemps recherché du « déluge ».

    #Paléolithique #climat #Woods_Hole_Oceanographic_Institution
    #Keigwin #Klotsko #Zhao #Reilly #Giosan #Driscoll.
    Deglacial floods in the Beaufort Sea preceded Younger Dryas cooling. Nature Geoscience, 2018 ;
    DOI : 10.1038/s41561-018-0169-6

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/energy-environment/2018/07/11/scientists-may-have-solved-huge-riddle-earths-climate-past-it-doesnt-bode-well-future/?noredirect=on

    L’article du Washington Post montre une carte très intéressante des grands lacs nord américains pour cette période.
    #Paléolithique #paysages #Amérique_du_Nord


  • Renters and Owners — Visualizing every person in the US.
    https://hackernoon.com/renters-and-owners-visualizing-every-person-in-the-us-ba97d3c49c02?sourc

    Mapbox and Tippecanoe for big census dataCheck out the finished map here!Housing policy is something I deal with a lot, and so I spend a lot of time trying to make sense of housing data. While thinking about the relationship of the rental housing market with home ownership (typically represented across time), I started to wonder what that relationship looks like geographically.Certainly there are parts of cities known for having lots of condos, or apartments, or single family homes; but I was curious what this looks like on the whole, and if larger structures could be discerned.This inquiry turned into its own formidable technical challenge, and resulted in a pretty interesting data-set; read on to find out more, and how I built it!Portland, Oregon renters/owners viewed as a (...)

    #mapbox #renters-and-owners #urban-planning #data-science #data-visualization



  • Indigenous Women Have Been Disappearing for Generations. Politicians Are Finally Starting to Notice.

    https://theintercept.com/2018/05/31/missing-and-murdered-indigenous-women

    Aux États-Unis comme au Canada

    Women on the Yakama Indian Reservation in Washington state didn’t have any particular term for the way the violent deaths and sudden disappearances of their sisters, mothers, friends, and neighbors had become woven into everyday life.

    “I didn’t know, like many, that there was a title, that there was a word for it,” said Roxanne White, who is Yakama and Nez Perce and grew up on the reservation. White has become a leader in the movement to address the disproportionate rates of homicide and missing persons cases among American Indian women, but the first time she heard the term “missing and murdered Indigenous women” was less than two years ago, at a Dakota Access pipeline resistance camp at Standing Rock. There, she met women who had traveled from Canada to speak about disappearances in First Nations to the north, where Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s administration launched a historic national inquiry into the issue in 2016.

    #nations_premières #états-unis #canada #féminicide

    • #NotInvisible: Why are Native American women vanishing?

      The searchers rummage through the abandoned trailer, flipping over a battered couch, unfurling a stained sheet, looking for clues. It’s blistering hot and a grizzly bear lurking in the brush unleashes a menacing growl. But they can’t stop.

      Not when a loved one is still missing.

      The group moves outside into knee-deep weeds, checking out a rusted garbage can, an old washing machine — and a surprise: bones.

      Ashley HeavyRunner Loring, a 20-year-old member of the Blackfeet Nation, was last heard from around June 8, 2017. Since then her older sister, Kimberly, has been looking for her.

      She has logged about 40 searches, with family from afar sometimes using Google Earth to guide her around closed roads. She’s hiked in mountains, shouting her sister’s name. She’s trekked through fields, gingerly stepping around snakes. She’s trudged through snow, rain and mud, but she can’t cover the entire 1.5 million-acre reservation, an expanse larger than Delaware.

      “I’m the older sister. I need to do this,” says 24-year-old Kimberly, swatting away bugs, her hair matted from the heat. “I don’t want to search until I’m 80. But if I have to, I will.”

      Ashley’s disappearance is one small chapter in the unsettling story of missing and murdered Native American women and girls. No one knows precisely how many there are because some cases go unreported, others aren’t documented thoroughly and there isn’t a specific government database tracking these cases. But one U.S. senator with victims in her home state calls this an epidemic, a long-standing problem linked to inadequate resources, outright indifference and a confusing jurisdictional maze.

      Now, in the era of #MeToo, this issue is gaining political traction as an expanding activist movement focuses on Native women — a population known to experience some of the nation’s highest rates of murder, sexual violence and domestic abuse.

      “Just the fact we’re making policymakers acknowledge this is an issue that requires government response, that’s progress in itself,” says Annita Lucchesi, a cartographer and descendant of the Cheyenne who is building a database of missing and murdered indigenous women in the U.S. and Canada — a list of some 2,700 names so far.

      As her endless hunt goes on, Ashley’s sister is joined on this day by a cousin, Lissa, and four others, including a family friend armed with a rifle and pistols. They scour the trailer where two “no trespassing” signs are posted and a broken telescope looks out the kitchen window. One of Ashley’s cousins lived here, and there are reports it’s among the last places she was seen.

      “We’re following every rumor there is, even if it sounds ridiculous,” Lissa Loring says.

      This search is motivated, in part, by the family’s disappointment with the reservation police force — a common sentiment for many relatives of missing Native Americans.

      Outside, the group stumbles upon something intriguing: the bones, one small and straight, the other larger and shaped like a saddle. It’s enough to alert police, who respond in five squad cars, rumbling across the ragged field, kicking up clouds of dust. After studying the bones, one officer breaks the news: They’re much too large for a human; they could belong to a deer.

      There will be no breakthrough today. Tomorrow the searchers head to the mountains.

      _

      For many in Native American communities across the nation, the problem of missing and murdered women is deeply personal.

      “I can’t think of a single person that I know ... who doesn’t have some sort of experience,” says Ivan MacDonald, a member of the Blackfeet Nation and a filmmaker. “These women aren’t just statistics. These are grandma, these are mom. This is an aunt, this is a daughter. This is someone who was loved ... and didn’t get the justice that they so desperately needed.”

      MacDonald and his sister, Ivy, recently produced a documentary on Native American women in Montana who vanished or were killed. One story hits particularly close to home. Their 7-year-old cousin, Monica, disappeared from a reservation school in 1979. Her body was found frozen on a mountain 20 miles away, and no one has ever been arrested.

      There are many similar mysteries that follow a pattern: A woman or girl goes missing, there’s a community outcry, a search is launched, a reward may be offered. There may be a quick resolution. But often, there’s frustration with tribal police and federal authorities, and a feeling many cases aren’t handled urgently or thoroughly.

      So why does this happen? MacDonald offers his own harsh assessment.

      “It boils down to racism,” he argues. “You could sort of tie it into poverty or drug use or some of those factors ... (but) the federal government doesn’t really give a crap at the end of the day.”

      Tribal police and investigators from the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs serve as law enforcement on reservations, which are sovereign nations. But the FBI investigates certain offenses and, if there’s ample evidence, the U.S. Department of Justice prosecutes major felonies such as murder, kidnapping and rape if they happen on tribal lands.

      Former North Dakota federal prosecutor Tim Purdon calls it a “jurisdictional thicket” of overlapping authority and different laws depending on the crime, where it occurred (on a reservation or not) and whether a tribal member is the victim or perpetrator. Missing person cases on reservations can be especially tricky. Some people run away, but if a crime is suspected, it’s difficult to know how to get help.

      “Where do I go to file a missing person’s report?” Purdon asks. “Do I go to the tribal police? ... In some places they’re underfunded and undertrained. The Bureau of Indian Affairs? The FBI? They might want to help, but a missing person case without more is not a crime, so they may not be able to open an investigation. ... Do I go to one of the county sheriffs? ... If that sounds like a horribly complicated mishmash of law enforcement jurisdictions that would tremendously complicate how I would try to find help, it’s because that’s what it is.”

      Sarah Deer, a University of Kansas professor, author of a book on sexual violence in Indian Country and member of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, offers another explanation for the missing and murdered: Native women, she says, have long been considered invisible and disposable in society, and those vulnerabilities attract predators.

      “It’s made us more of a target, particularly for the women who have addiction issues, PTSD and other kinds of maladies,” she says. “You have a very marginalized group, and the legal system doesn’t seem to take proactive attempts to protect Native women in some cases.”

      Those attitudes permeate reservations where tribal police are frequently stretched thin and lack training and families complain officers don’t take reports of missing women seriously, delaying searches in the first critical hours.

      “They almost shame the people that are reporting, (and say), ’Well, she’s out drinking. Well, she probably took up with some man,’” says Carmen O’Leary, director of the Native Women’s Society of the Great Plains. “A lot of times families internalize that kind of shame, (thinking) that it’s her fault somehow.”

      Matthew Lone Bear spent nine months looking for his older sister, Olivia — using drones and four-wheelers, fending off snakes and crisscrossing nearly a million acres, often on foot. The 32-year-old mother of five had last been seen driving a Chevy Silverado on Oct. 25, 2017, in downtown New Town, on the oil-rich terrain of North Dakota’s Fort Berthold Reservation.

      On July 31, volunteers using sonar found the truck with Olivia inside submerged in a lake less than a mile from her home. It’s a body of water that had been searched before, her brother says, but “obviously not as thoroughly, or they would have found it a long time ago.”

      Lone Bear says authorities were slow in launching their search — it took days to get underway — and didn’t get boats in the water until December, despite his frequent pleas. He’s working to develop a protocol for missing person cases for North Dakota’s tribes “that gets the red tape and bureaucracy out of the way,” he says.

      The FBI is investigating Olivia’s death. “She’s home,” her brother adds, “but how did she get there? We don’t have any of those answers.”

      Other families have been waiting for decades.

      Carolyn DeFord’s mother, Leona LeClair Kinsey, a member of the Puyallup Tribe, vanished nearly 20 years ago in La Grande, Oregon. “There was no search party. There was no, ’Let’s tear her house apart and find a clue,’” DeFord says. “I just felt hopeless and helpless.” She ended up creating her own missing person’s poster.

      “There’s no way to process the kind of loss that doesn’t stop,” says DeFord, who lives outside Tacoma, Washington. “Somebody asked me awhile back, ’What would you do if you found her? What would that mean?’... It would mean she can come home. She’s a human being who deserves to be honored and have her children and her grandchildren get to remember her and celebrate her life.”

      It’s another Native American woman whose name is attached to a federal bill aimed at addressing this issue. Savanna LaFontaine-Greywind, 22, was murdered in 2017 while eight months pregnant. Her body was found in a river, wrapped in plastic and duct tape. A neighbor in Fargo, North Dakota, cut her baby girl from her womb. The child survived and lives with her father. The neighbor, who pleaded guilty, was sentenced to life without parole; her boyfriend’s trial is set to start in September.

      In a speech on the Senate floor last fall, North Dakota Democrat Heidi Heitkamp told the stories of four other Native American women from her state whose deaths were unsolved. Displaying a giant board featuring their photos, she decried disproportionate incidences of violence that go “unnoticed, unreported or underreported.”

      Her bill, “Savanna’s Act,” aims to improve tribal access to federal crime information databases. It would also require the Department of Justice to develop a protocol to respond to cases of missing and murdered Native Americans and the federal government to provide an annual report on the numbers.

      At the end of 2017, Native Americans and Alaska Natives made up 1.8 percent of ongoing missing cases in the FBI’s National Crime Information Center database, even though they represent 0.8 percent of the U.S. population. These cases include those lingering and open from year to year, but experts say the figure is low, given that many tribes don’t have access to the database. Native women accounted for more than 0.7 percent of the missing cases — 633 in all — though they represent about 0.4 percent of the U.S. population.

      “Violence against Native American women has not been prosecuted,” Heitkamp said in an interview. “We have not really seen the urgency in closing cold cases. We haven’t seen the urgency when someone goes missing. ... We don’t have the clear lines of authority that need to be established to prevent these tragedies.”

      In August, Sen. Jon Tester, a Montana Democrat, asked the leaders of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs to hold a hearing to address the problem.

      Lawmakers in a handful of states also are responding. In Montana, a legislative tribal relations committee has proposals for five bills to deal with missing persons. In July 2017, 22 of 72 missing girls or women — or about 30 percent — were Native American, according to Montana’s Department of Justice. But Native females comprise only 3.3 percent of the state’s population.

      It’s one of many statistics that reveal a grim reality.

      On some reservations, Native American women are murdered at a rate more than 10 times the national average and more than half of Alaska Native and Native women have experienced sexual violence at some point, according to the U.S. Justice Department. A 2016 study found more than 80 percent of Native women experience violence in their lifetimes.

      Yet another federal report on violence against women included some startling anecdotes from tribal leaders. Sadie Young Bird, who heads victim services for the Three Affiliated Tribes at Fort Berthold, described how in 1½ years, her program had dealt with five cases of murdered or missing women, resulting in 18 children losing their mothers; two cases were due to intimate partner violence.

      “Our people go missing at an alarming rate, and we would not hear about many of these cases without Facebook,” she said in the report.

      Canada has been wrestling with this issue for decades and recently extended a government inquiry that began in 2016 into missing and murdered indigenous women. A report by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police concluded that from 1980 to 2012 there were 1,181 indigenous women murdered or whose missing person cases were unresolved. Lucchesi, the researcher, says she found an additional 400 to 500 cases in her database work.

      Despite some high-profile cases in the U.S., many more get scant attention, Lucchesi adds.

      “Ashley has been the face of this movement,” she says. “But this movement started before Ashley was born. For every Ashley, there are 200 more.”

      Browning is the heart of the Blackfeet Nation, a distinctly Western town with calf-roping competitions, the occasional horseback rider ambling down the street — and a hardscrabble reality. Nearly 40 percent of the residents live in poverty. The down-and-out loiter on corners. Shuttered homes with “Meth Unit” scrawled on wooden boards convey the damage caused by drugs.

      With just about 1,000 residents, many folks are related and secrets have a way of spilling out.

      “There’s always somebody talking,” says Ashley’s cousin, Lissa, “and it seems like to us since she disappeared, everybody got quiet. I don’t know if they’re scared, but so are we. That’s why we need people to speak up.”

      Missing posters of Ashley are displayed in grocery stores and the occasional sandwich shop. They show a fresh-faced, grinning woman, flashing the peace sign. In one, she gazes into the camera, her long hair blowing in the wind.

      One of nine children, including half-siblings, Ashley had lived with her grandmother outside town. Kimberly remembers her sister as funny and feisty, the keeper of the family photo albums who always carried a camera. She learned to ride a horse before a bike and liked to whip up breakfasts of biscuits and gravy that could feed an army.

      She was interested in environmental science and was completing her studies at Blackfeet Community College, with plans to attend the University of Montana.

      Kimberly says Ashley contacted her asking for money. Days later, she was gone.

      At first, her relatives say, tribal police suggested Ashley was old enough to take off on her own. The Bureau of Indian Affairs investigated, teaming up with reservation police, and interviewed 55 people and conducted 38 searches. There are persons of interest, spokeswoman Nedra Darling says, but she wouldn’t elaborate. A $10,000 reward is being offered.

      The FBI took over the case in January after a lead steered investigators off the reservation and into another state. The agency declined comment.

      Ashley’s disappearance is just the latest trauma for the Blackfeet Nation.

      Theda New Breast, a founder of the Native Wellness Institute, has worked with Lucchesi to compile a list of missing and murdered women in the Blackfoot Confederacy — four tribes in the U.S. and Canada. Long-forgotten names are added as families break generations of silence. A few months ago, a woman revealed her grandmother had been killed in the 1950s by her husband and left in a shallow grave.

      “Everybody knew about it, but nobody talked about it,” New Breast says, and others keep coming forward — perhaps, in part, because of the #MeToo movement. “Every time I bring out the list, more women tell their secret. I think that they find their voice.”

      Though these crimes have shaken the community, “there is a tendency to be desensitized to violence,” says MacDonald, the filmmaker. “I wouldn’t call it avoidance. But if we would feel the full emotions, there would be people crying in the streets.”

      His aunt, Mabel Wells, would be among them.

      Nearly 40 years have passed since that December day when her daughter, Monica, vanished. Wells remembers every terrible moment: The police handing her Monica’s boot after it was found by a hunter and the silent scream in her head: “It’s hers! It’s hers!” Her brother describing the little girl’s coat flapping in the wind after her daughter’s body was found frozen on a mountain. The pastor’s large hands that held hers as he solemnly declared: “Monica’s with the Lord.”

      Monica’s father, Kenny Still Smoking, recalls that a medicine man told him his daughter’s abductor was a man who favored Western-style clothes and lived in a red house in a nearby town, but there was no practical way to pursue that suggestion.

      He recently visited Monica’s grave, kneeling next to a white cross peeking out from tall grass, studying his daughter’s smiling photo, cracked with age. He gently placed his palm on her name etched into a headstone. “I let her know that I’m still kicking,” he says.

      Wells visits the gravesite, too — every June 2, Monica’s birthday. She still hopes to see the perpetrator caught. “I want to sit with them and say, ‘Why? Why did you choose my daughter?’”

      Even now, she can’t help but think of Monica alone on that mountain. “I wonder if she was hollering for me, saying, ‘Mom, help!’”

      _

      Ash-lee! Ash-lee!! Ash-lee! Ash-lee!!

      Some 20 miles northwest of Browning, the searchers have navigated a rugged road lined with barren trees scorched from an old forest fire. They have a panoramic view of majestic snowcapped mountains. A woman’s stained sweater was found here months ago, making the location worthy of another search. It’s not known whether the garment may be Ashley’s.

      First Kimberly, then Lissa Loring, call Ashley’s name — in different directions. The repetition four times by each woman is a ritual designed to beckon someone’s spirit.

      Lissa says Ashley’s disappearance constantly weighs on her. “All that plays in my head is where do we look? Who’s going to tell us the next lead?”

      That weekend at the annual North American Indian Days in Browning, the family marched in a parade with a red banner honoring missing and murdered indigenous women. They wore T-shirts with an image of Ashley and the words: “We will never give up.”

      Then Ashley’s grandmother and others took to a small arena for what’s known as a blanket dance, to raise money for the search. As drums throbbed, they grasped the edges of a blue blanket. Friends stepped forward, dropping in cash, some tearfully embracing Ashley’s relatives.

      The past few days reminded Kimberly of a promise she’d made to Ashley when their mother was wrestling with substance abuse problems and the girls were briefly in a foster home. Kimberly was 8 then; Ashley was just 5.

      “’We have to stick together,’” she’d told her little sister.

      “I told her I would never leave her. And if she was going to go anywhere, I would find her.”


      https://apnews.com/cb6efc4ec93e4e92900ec99ccbcb7e05

    • Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview

      Executive summary

      In late 2013, the Commissioner of the RCMP initiated an RCMP-led study of reported incidents of missing and murdered Aboriginal women across all police jurisdictions in Canada.

      This report summarizes that effort and will guide Canadian Police operational decision-making on a solid foundation. It will mean more targeted crime prevention, better community engagement and enhanced accountability for criminal investigations. It will also assist operational planning from the detachment to national level. In sum, it reveals the following:

      Police-recorded incidents of Aboriginal female homicides and unresolved missing Aboriginal females in this review total 1,181 – 164 missing and 1,017 homicide victims.
      There are 225 unsolved cases of either missing or murdered Aboriginal females: 105 missing for more than 30 days as of November 4, 2013, whose cause of disappearance was categorized at the time as “unknown” or “foul play suspected” and 120 unsolved homicides between 1980 and 2012.
      The total indicates that Aboriginal women are over-represented among Canada’s murdered and missing women.
      There are similarities across all female homicides. Most homicides were committed by men and most of the perpetrators knew their victims — whether as an acquaintance or a spouse.
      The majority of all female homicides are solved (close to 90%) and there is little difference in solve rates between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal victims.

      This report concludes that the total number of murdered and missing Aboriginal females exceeds previous public estimates. This total significantly contributes to the RCMP’s understanding of this challenge, but it represents only a first step.

      It is the RCMP’s intent to work with the originating agencies responsible for the data herein to release as much of it as possible to stakeholders. Already, the data on missing Aboriginal women has been shared with the National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR), which will be liaising with policing partners to publish additional cases on the Canada’s Missing website. Ultimately, the goal is to make information more widely available after appropriate vetting. While this matter is without question a policing concern, it is also a much broader societal challenge.

      The collation of this data was completed by the RCMP and the assessments and conclusions herein are those of the RCMP alone. The report would not have been possible without the support and contribution of the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada.

      As with any effort of such magnitude, this report needs to be caveated with a certain amount of error and imprecision. This is for a number of reasons: the period of time over which data was collected was extensive; collection by investigators means data is susceptible to human error and interpretation; inconsistency of collection of variables over the review period and across multiple data sources; and, finally, definitional challenges.

      The numbers that follow are the best available data to which the RCMP had access to at the time the information was collected. They will change as police understanding of cases evolve, but as it stands, this is the most comprehensive data that has ever been assembled by the Canadian policing community on missing and murdered Aboriginal women.

      http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en/missing-and-murdered-aboriginal-women-national-operational-overview
      #rapport

    • Ribbons of shame: Canada’s missing and murdered Indigenous women

      In Canada, Jessie Kolvin uncovers a shameful record of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. Examining the country’s ingrained racism, she questions whether Justin Trudeau’s government has used the issue for political gain.
      In 2017, Canada celebrated its 150th birthday. The country was ablaze with pride: mountain and prairie, metropolis and suburb, were swathed in Canadian flags bearing that distinctive red maple leaf.

      My eye was accustomed to the omnipresent crimson, so when I crossed a bridge in Toronto and saw dozens of red ribbons tied to the struts, I assumed they were another symbol of national honour and celebration.

      Positive energy imbued even the graffiti at the end of the bridge, which declared that, “Tout est possible”. I reflected that perhaps it really was possible to have a successful democracy that was progressive and inclusive and kind: Canada was living proof.

      Then my friend spoke briefly, gravely: “These are a memorial to the missing and murdered Indigenous* women.”

      In a moment, my understanding of Canada was revolutionised. I was compelled to learn about the Indigenous women and girls – believed to number around 4,000, although the number continues to rise – whose lives have been violently taken.

      No longer did the red of the ribbons represent Canadian pride; suddenly it signified Canadian shame, and Indigenous anger and blood.

      At home, I Googled: “missing and murdered Indigenous women”. It returned 416,000 results all peppered with the shorthand “MMIW”, or “MMIWG” to include girls. The existence of the acronym suggested that this was not some limited or niche concern.

      It was widespread and, now at least, firmly in the cultural and political consciousness.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      The oldest is 83, the youngest nine months. A random click yields the story of Angela Williams, a mother of three girls, who went missing in 2001 and was found dumped in a ditch beside a rural road in British Columbia.

      Another offers Tanya Jane Nepinak, who in 2011 didn’t return home after going to buy a pizza a few blocks away. A man has been charged with second-degree murder in relation to her disappearance, but her body has never been found.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      According to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Native American women constitute just 4.3% of the Canadian population but 16% of homicide victims. It isn’t a mystery as to why.

      Indigenous peoples are less likely than white Canadians to complete their education, more likely to be jobless, more likely to live in insecure housing, and their health – both physical and mental – is worse.

      Alcoholism and drug abuse abound, and Indigenous women are more likely to work in the sex trade. These environments breed vulnerability and violence, and violence tends to be perpetrated against women.

      Amnesty International has stated that Indigenous women in particular tend to be targeted because the “police in Canada have often failed to provide Indigenous women with an adequate standard of protection”.

      When police do intervene in Indigenous communities, they are often at best ineffectual and at worst abusive. Indigenous women are not, it appears, guaranteed their “right to life, liberty and security of the person” enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

      It didn’t take me long to realise that many of these problems – Indigenous women’s vulnerability, the violence perpetrated against them, the failure to achieve posthumous justice – can be partly blamed on the persistence of racism.

      Successive governments have failed to implement substantial change. Then Prime Minister Stephen Harper merely voiced what had previously been tacit when he said in 2014 that the call for an inquiry “isn’t really high on our radar”.

      If this is believable of Harper, it is much less so of his successor Justin Trudeau. With his fresh face and progressive policies, I had heralded his arrival. Many Native Americans shared my optimism.

      For Trudeau certainly talked the talk: just after achieving office, he told the Assembly of First Nations that: “It is time for a renewed, nation-to-nation relationship with First Nations peoples, one that understands that the constitutionally guaranteed rights of First Nations in Canada are not an inconvenience but rather a sacred obligation.”

      Trudeau committed to setting up a national public inquiry which would find the truth about why so many Indigenous women go missing and are murdered, and which would honour them.

      https://lacuna.org.uk/justice/ribbons-of-shame-canadas-missing-and-murdered-indigenous-women
      #disparitions #racisme #xénophobie


  • You know that silly fear about Alexa recording everything and leaking it online ? It just happened
    http://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/05/24/alexa_recording_couple

    It’s time to break out your “Alexa, I Told You So” banners – because a Portland, Oregon, couple received a phone call from one of the husband’s employees earlier this month, telling them she had just received a recording of them talking privately in their home. “Unplug your Alexa devices right now,” the staffer told the couple, who did not wish to be fully identified, “you’re being hacked.” At first the couple thought it might be a hoax call. However, the employee – over a hundred miles away (...)

    #Amazon #Alexa #Echo #domotique #écoutes #voix


  • Smartphones Are Killing The Planet Faster Than Anyone Expected
    https://www.fastcodesign.com/90168628/the-airplane-saddle-is-a-standing-seat-for-super-economy-flight

    There’s nothing inherently bad about the design of the Skyrider 2.0, a new compact seat that allows airlines to fit more passengers in less space with a hypothetical super-economy class. Engineered by Italian aerospace interior design company Aviointeriors and introduced at Hamburg’s Airplane Interiors Expo in earl April, the seat positions a willing passenger almost completely upright on a polyester saddle and back support. It seems well thought out, it’s reportedly very functional, and it even looks good. But I’ll still never sit on one.

    The Skyrider 2.0 makes a lot of sense for airlines trying to squeeze as much value as they can from every pound of fuel and inch of cabin space. Decreasing seat space is an easy way to do so, and even major companies like Airbus have toyed with unconventional seat designs like this butt-destroying bike seat. The new saddle-style seat is a twist on the company’s previous high-capacity seat prototype, which came out in 2010 and was never installed by any airline–perhaps out of fear after the backlash Ryanair received for similar plans. This new version is an aesthetic improvement over the original (which looked like a squeezed version of a normal seat), but it seems to be more clever, as well: positioning a passenger almost upright, with a saddle and a foot panel to support part of their body weight, takes up only 23 inches of pitch (“the space between a point on one seat and the same point on the seat in front of it”).
    [Photo: Avio Interiors]

    Aviointeriors calls Skyrider 2.0 “the new frontier of low cost tickets and passenger experience” and claims that the design allows a 20% increase in passengers per flight. It also weighs 50% less than standard economy class seats–after all, it’s half the size–lowering the fuel cost per passenger. So it seems likely that such a design could lower the cost of travel for consumers–but at what price when it comes to the experience?

    A reviewer at the travel review site The Points Guy tried one at the expo, spending 10 minutes in versions of the seat in both front and back rows. “The front row wasn’t bad, but at 5 foot 11 inch tall,” he says, “my knees were firmly planted against the seat back for the entire time in the rear row.” He claims that the saddle itself “didn’t seem to be bad.” The director general of Aviointeriors had an explanation for the saddle-style design decision back in 2010, pointing out to USA Today that, “cowboys ride eight hours on their horses during the day and still feel comfortable in the saddle.” True, though cowboys also enjoy total freedom of movement on a horse, and are not tightly sandwiched between other cowboys and their flatulence. Also, have you ever played The Oregon Trail? But I digress.

    So how far are we from seeing the Skyrider 2.0 on real airplanes? Companies have been talking about these “high-capacity seats” for a while, but at this point, no airlines have announced plans to install this particular solution, though Aviointeriors says interest is “really strong.” If airlines truly believe that are willing to trade their suffering on an airborne inquisitorial torture device for a major airfare discount, it’s just a matter of time.

    #design



  • Large Containership Loses About 70 Containers Overboard Off U.S. East Coast – gCaptain
    http://gcaptain.com/containership-loses-about-70-containers-overboard-off-us-east-coast

    A 10,000 TEU containership lost about 70 containers overboard on Saturday night while about 17 miles off Oregon Inlet, North Carolina.

    The U.S. Coast Guard is warning mariners of navigation hazards.

    The 324-meter Maersk Shanghai contacted USCG watchstanders at Sector North Carolina’s command center via VHF-FM marine radio channel 16 on Saturday evening notifying them that they lost approximately 70 to 73 cargo containers due to high winds and heavy seas.

    The ship is sailing from Norfolk, Virginia to Charleston, South Carolina, according to AIS data.

    The incident comes as a powerful nor’easter slammed the East Coast over the weekend, producing hurricane force winds and significant wave heights up in excess of 40 feet in the western Atlantic.


  • US Border Agents Didn’t Verify Any e-Passports Since 2007 Because They Didn’t Have the Software
    https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/government/us-border-agents-didnt-verify-any-e-passports-since-2007-because-t

    The United States of America, the country with one of the most draconian border crossing procedures in the world, hadn’t verified the validity of chip-implanted e-passports since 2007, the time when foreigners were first required to have one. Shockingly, the reason is that US border agents lacked the software to do so, according to revelations made this week by Senators Ron Wyden (D-Oregon) and Claire McCaskill (D-Missouri) in a letter sent to US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) (...)

    #Identité #frontières #voyageurs #surveillance #puce

    ##Identité ##voyageurs

    • Mais il existe ailleurs... (je copie-colle le texte, au cas où...)
      US Border Agents Didn’t Verify Any e-Passports Since 2007 Because They Didn’t Have the Software

      The United States of America, the country with one of the most draconian border crossing procedures in the world, hadn’t verified the validity of chip-implanted e-passports since 2007, the time when foreigners were first required to have one.

      Shockingly, the reason is that US border agents lacked the software to do so, according to revelations made this week by Senators Ron Wyden (D-Oregon) and Claire McCaskill (D-Missouri) in a letter sent to US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) management.

      The two senators are now urging the CBP to correct this glaring security hole and purchase the equipment necessary to verify if e-Passports are authentic and haven’t been tampered with.
      You could have entered the US using a forged e-Passport

      e-Passports are mandatory for all foreigners entering the US from a country on the visa waiver program. These are countries whose citizens aren’t required to obtain a visa before entering the US.

      Instead, as one of the security measures imposed on citizens from the 38 countries on the US’ visa waiver program, travelers must possess an e-Passport that comes with an electronic chip.

      This chip contains data on the passport holder, but also a digital signature that border agents can verify using special software.

      The data and accompanying signature are meant to be an anti-forgery system as only state authorities can change data on the chip and resign the chip with a valid signature.
      CBP was warned in 2010

      Since 2007, when the US has started asking foreigners to present an e-passport when entering the US, border agents have been able to read the data on the chip, but not verify its digital signature for authenticity.

      This means that for almost eleven years, foreigners could have entered the US using forged e-Passports, albeit they still had to craft a convincing passport in the first place.

      “CBP has been aware of this security lapse since at least 2010, when the Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report highlighting the gap in technology,” Wyden and McCaskill wrote in their letter. “Eight years after that publication, CBP still does not possess the technological capability to authenticate the machine-readable data in e-Passports.”

      The two senators are now urging the CBP to implement a plan to properly authenticate e-Passport holders and their data by January 1, 2019.

      https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/government/us-border-agents-didnt-verify-any-e-passports-since-2007-because-t


  • One Day After Florida School Shooter Kills 17, Oregon House Passes Gun Control Bill - Willamette Week

    http://www.wweek.com/news/2018/02/15/one-day-after-florida-school-shooter-kills-17-oregon-house-passes-gun-control

    The day after a gunman killed 17 in a Florida high school, an emotional Oregon House of Representatives voted 37-23 to pass House Bill 4145, the so-called “boyfriend loophole” bill.

    Current law allows police to take guns away from offenders convicted of domestic violence against their spouses. The bill would expand that power to allow police to take guns away from intimate partners (i.e. those not married to their victims) who have been convicted of domestic violence or are the subject of a stalking order

    #états-unis #armes #armment


  • Thelazia gulosa: US woman becomes first human infected with parasitic eye worm
    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/eye-worm-thelazia-gulosa-first-human-case-abby-beckley-oregon-a820775

    Abby Beckley, a 26-year-old from Oregon, felt an itching sensation in her eye for more than a week before she pulled a half-inch (1.27 cm) long worm out of her own eyeball, researchers said.

    Confused – and worried she might go blind – Ms Beckley went to a local doctor, who fished out two more worms. An ophthalmologist found three more.

    Eventually Ms Beckley wound up at the CDC, where researchers identified the parasite as a member of the Thelazia family. Over the course of 20 days, Ms Beckley and her doctors pulled 14 of the worms out of her eye, according to a report published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

    "They weren’t able to remove them all at once. They had to remove them as they became present and visible,” Richard Bradbury, a CDC researcher and lead author of a case report on the event, told CBS.

    #it_has_begun


  • Une nouvelle fois, un village américain défend son eau face à Nestlé RTS - 4 Février 2018 - afp/mh _
    http://www.rts.ch/info/monde/9305618-une-nouvelle-fois-un-village-americain-defend-son-eau-face-a-nestle.html

    Au nord des Etats-Unis, la commune d’Osceola Township dans le Michigan tente d’empêcher le géant suisse Nestlé d’extraire davantage l’eau de ses rivières. Son cas n’est pas unique.

    Selon la population locale, les rivières ont rétréci depuis le début des années 2000, lorsque le géant de l’agroalimentaire Nestlé a commencé à pomper l’eau de la région pour la vendre sous la marque Ice Mountain, présentée comme eau de source, donc plus chère que de l’eau purifiée.

    Située à 320 kilomètres au nord de Detroit, la commune agricole de quelque 900 habitants ne veut pas autoriser le géant suisse à construire une station de pompage visant à extraire 1500 litres d’eau par minute, contre 950 litres actuellement.

    Montant dérisoire
    Osceola Township a fait appel en janvier d’une décision d’une juge au motif que le projet de Nestlé allait affecter l’aquifère. Des données de scientifiques rémunérés par Nestlé montrent qu’il n’y a pas d’impact sur l’environnement, mais il n’existe pas d’étude indépendante.

    La colère du village est en grande partie nourrie par le sentiment d’être exploité. Nestlé paie 200 dollars par an à l’Etat du Michigan pour pomper près de 500 millions de litres.

    BONUS :
    Levée de boucliers aux Etats-Unis
    Le village d’Osceola Township n’est pas le premier à s’opposer à Nestlé. En 2015, la bourgade de Cascade Locks, dans l’Oregon, s’est insurgée contre la privatisation de la gorge du Columbia.

    Entre économie et écologie, Nestlé à nouveau critiqué dans l’ouest des USA (Cascade Locks (Oregon))
    https://www.rts.ch/info/sciences-tech/reperages-web/6963777-entre-economie-et-ecologie-nestle-a-nouveau-critique-dans-l-ouest-des-us

    La même année, les Californiens s’élevaient contre le pompage de l’eau par Nestlé alors que la région faisait face à une sécheresse dramatique, au point de rationner la consommation des habitants.

    En pleine sécheresse, Nestlé continue de pomper l’eau californienne
    https://www.rts.ch/info/monde/6685785-en-pleine-secheresse-nestle-continue-de-pomper-l-eau-californienne.html

    #vol #pillage #eau #extractivisme #résistance #USA #Etats-Unis #Michigan #multinationales #nestlé #privatisation #fiscalité

    Pour faire suite à https://seenthis.net/messages/651061
    ainsi que : https://seenthis.net/messages/632003
    https://seenthis.net/messages/628888


  • Le champignon de la fin du monde. Sur les possibilités de vivre dans les #ruines du #capitalisme

    Ce n’est pas seulement dans les pays ravagés par la guerre qu’il faut apprendre à vivre dans les ruines. Car les ruines se rapprochent et nous enserrent de toute part, des sites industriels aux paysages naturels dévastés. Mais l’erreur serait de croire que l’on se contente d’y survivre.
    Dans les ruines prolifèrent en effet de nouveaux mondes qu’Anna Tsing a choisi d’explorer en suivant l’odyssée étonnante d’un mystérieux #champignon qui ne pousse que dans les forêts détruites.
    Suivre les #matsutakes, c’est s’intéresser aux cueilleurs de l’#Oregon, ces travailleurs précaires, vétérans des guerres américaines, immigrés #sans-papiers, qui vendent chaque soir les champignons ramassés le jour et qui termineront comme des produits de luxe sur les étals des épiceries fines japonaises. Chemin faisant, on comprend pourquoi la « #précarité » n’est pas seulement un terme décrivant la condition des #cueilleurs sans emploi stable mais un concept pour penser le monde qui nous est imposé.
    Suivre les matsutakes, c’est apporter un éclairage nouveau sur la manière dont le capitalisme s’est inventé comme mode d’#exploitation et dont il ravage aujourd’hui la planète.
    Suivre les matsutakes, c’est aussi une nouvelle manière de faire de la biologie : les champignons sont une espèce très particulière qui bouscule les fondements des sciences du vivant.
    Les matsutakes ne sont donc pas un prétexte ou une métaphore, ils sont le support surprenant d’une leçon d’optimisme dans un monde désespérant.


    http://www.editionsladecouverte.fr/catalogue/index-Le_champignon_de_la_fin_du_monde-9782359251364.html
    #livre #fin_du_capitalisme #destruction #Japon #travail


  • XOR should be an English word
    http://webassemblycode.com/xor-english-word

    Soup xor salad? This question is much clearer than Soup or salad. Why? As we are going to see in this article, the word XOR would not allow choosing soup and salad, which is not expected, but it is an allowed option when the word OR is used. What is XOR anyway?

    ADD, what do you do? I add. SUB, and you? I subtract. XOR? Me? Well I…

    Share on TwitterShare on Facebook

    Comparing XOR and OR

    Table for the XOR function:

    A B XOR

    0 0 0

    0 1 1

    1 0 1

    1 1 0

    Table for the OR function:

    A B OR

    0 0 0

    0 1 1

    1 0 1

    1 1 1

    The only difference between XOR and OR happens for A=1 and B=1, where the result is 0 for XOR and 1 for OR. Real Life, OR or XOR? In real life we say OR, but usually the intention is actually XOR, lets see some examples: Example 1: Mom: Son, where is your father? Son: Working on (...)


  • Juste pour ne pas oublier que les #États-Unis, c’est surtout ça plutôt qu’autre chose.

    Oregon woman evicted from senior housing for $328 in late rent freezes to death in parking garage – Blooms Mag

    http://bloomsmag.com/oregon-woman-evicted-from-senior-housing-for-328-in-late-rent-freezes-to-

    Karen Batts, 52, died from hypothermia Saturday in the Smart Park parking garage in Portland, Oregon, homeless over $338 in delinquent rent. Batts is the second person to freeze to death, alone, on Portland’s streets in 2017.

    #meurtre


  • #Ursula_K_Le_Guin, Acclaimed for Her Fantasy Fiction, Is Dead at 88 - The New York Times

    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/23/obituaries/ursula-k-le-guin-acclaimed-for-her-fantasy-fiction-is-dead-at-88.html

    Ursula K. Le Guin, the immensely popular author who brought literary depth and a tough-minded feminist sensibility to science fiction and fantasy with books like “The Left Hand of Darkness” and the Earthsea series, died on Monday at her home in Portland, Ore. She was 88.

    Her son, Theo Downes-Le Guin, confirmed the death. He did not specify a cause but said she had been in poor health for several months.

    Ms. Le Guin embraced the standard themes of her chosen genres: sorcery and dragons, spaceships and planetary conflict. But even when her protagonists are male, they avoid the macho posturing of so many science fiction and fantasy heroes. The conflicts they face are typically rooted in a clash of cultures and resolved more by conciliation and self-sacrifice than by swordplay or space battles.


  • Five Things the Government Shutdown Could Mean for Wild Horses & Burros | American Wild Horse Campaign
    https://americanwildhorsecampaign.org/media/five-things-government-shutdown-could-mean-wild-horses-bu

    (January 20, 2018) ... Late last night, the U.S. Senate failed to come to agreement on a Continuing Resolution to keep the government running, sparking a government shutdown. The duration of the shutdown is unknown, as Senators and House members meet todayin another attempt to reach an agreement.

    Here are five ways that wild horses and burros could be affected.

    1. Wild horses and burros in Bureau of Land Management (BLM) holding facilities will continue to be fed and cared for. The BLM has confirmed to AWHC that this is considered an essential government service that will continue during the shutdown.

    2. Pending wild horse roundups – scheduled to start next week — could be delayed or cancelled. That means that the 1,400 wild horses targeted for removal could enjoy a few more days - or weeks - of freedom on our public lands.

    AWHC received word this morning that the pending round up of 100 horses from the Cold Springs/ Hog Creek Herd Management Areas in Oregon has been “suspended until further notice.” No information yet on how the shutdown will impact the planned removal of 1,000 horses from Nevada’s Triple B Complex, scheduled to start next week, or the 300-horse roundup, currently scheduled to begin on January 30 in Utah’s Bible Springs Complex.

    3. Deadlines for public comments on various proposed actions related to federally protected wild horses and burros may be extended. This includes the roundup in Nevada’s Seaman/White River Herd Areas and a scoping period for the Forest Service’s plan to construct an on-range holding facility to facilitate the removal of as many as 2,000 wild horses from the Devils Garden Wild Horse Territory in California.

    4. Congress’ decision on whether to grant the BLM’s request to kill tens of thousands of wild horses and burros will be delayed – again. Even if the Congress comes to agreement to restart the government, it will do so under a Continuing Resolution that will keep the government running under the provisions of the 2017 omnibus spending bill. That’s good news for wild horses and burros, because the 2017 bill prohibits the BLM from destroying healthy wild horses and burros and from selling them for slaughter.

    5. Wild horse and burro advocates will have to remain ready to act … but at the right time. Calls to Congress at this moment urging continued protections for wild horses and burros are likely to be lost in all the noise on Capitol Hill.

    It’s unclear whether Congress will return to deliberating actual Fiscal Year 2018 spending legislation. When and if it does, members will decide between the Senate Interior Appropriations bill (which prohibits killing and slaughter of wild horses and burros) and the House version (which allows for the destruction of healthy wild horses and burros, putting tens of thousands in danger of being killed). That will be the time to weigh in and ensure that the voice of 80 percent of Americans who oppose the killing and slaughter of America’s iconic mustangs and burros is heard.

    So stay informed, stay ready and stay tuned!

    #mustangs #chevaux_sauvages #animaux_sauvages #USA
    #ranchers


  • Le champignon de la fin du monde - Anna Lowenhaupt TSING - Éditions La Découverte
    http://www.editionsladecouverte.fr/catalogue/index-Le_champignon_de_la_fin_du_monde-9782359251364.html

    Ce n’est pas seulement dans les pays ravagés par la guerre qu’il faut apprendre à vivre dans les ruines. Car les ruines se rapprochent et nous enserrent de toute part, des sites industriels aux paysages naturels dévastés. Mais l’erreur serait de croire que l’on se contente d’y survivre.
    Dans les ruines prolifèrent en effet de nouveaux mondes qu’Anna Tsing a choisi d’explorer en suivant l’odyssée étonnante d’un mystérieux #champignon qui ne pousse que dans les forêts détruites.
    Suivre les #matsutakes, c’est s’intéresser aux cueilleurs de l’Oregon, ces travailleurs précaires, vétérans des guerres américaines, immigrés sans papiers, qui vendent chaque soir les champignons ramassés le jour et qui termineront comme des produits de luxe sur les étals des épiceries fines japonaises. Chemin faisant, on comprend pourquoi la « précarité » n’est pas seulement un terme décrivant la condition des cueilleurs sans emploi stable mais un concept pour penser le monde qui nous est imposé.
    Suivre les matsutakes, c’est apporter un éclairage nouveau sur la manière dont le #capitalisme s’est inventé comme mode d’exploitation et dont il ravage aujourd’hui la planète.
    Suivre les matsutakes, c’est aussi une nouvelle manière de faire de la biologie : les champignons sont une espèce très particulière qui bouscule les fondements des sciences du vivant.
    Les matsutakes ne sont donc pas un prétexte ou une métaphore, ils sont le support surprenant d’une leçon d’#optimisme dans un monde désespérant.


  • The Washington Post Is A Software Company Now
    https://www.fastcompany.com/40495770/the-washington-post-is-a-software-company-now

    The newspaper created a platform to tackle its own challenges. Then, with Amazon-like spirit, it realized there was a business in helping other publishers do the same.

    Since 2014, a new Post operation now called Arc Publishing has offered the publishing system the company originally used for WashingtonPost.com as a service. That allows other news organizations to use the Post’s tools for writers and editors. Arc also shoulders the responsibility of ensuring that readers get a snappy, reliable experience when they visit a site on a PC or mobile device. It’s like a high-end version of Squarespace or WordPress.com, tailored to solve the content problems of a particular industry.

    Among the publications that have moved to Arc are the Los Angeles Times, Canada’s Globe and Mail, the New Zealand Herald, and smaller outfits such as Alaska Dispatch News and Oregon’s Willamette Week. In aggregate, sites running on Arc reach 300 million readers; publishers pay based on bandwidth, which means that the more successful they are at attracting readers, the better it is for Arc Publishing. The typical bottom line ranges from $10,000 a month at the low end up to $150,000 a month for Arc’s biggest customers.

    The Washington Post doesn’t disclose Arc Publishing’s revenue or whether it’s currently profitable. (The Post itself turned a profit in 2016.) It does say, however, that Arc’s revenue doubled year-over-year and the goal is to double it again in 2018. According to Post CIO Shailesh Prakash, the company sees the platform as something that could eventually become a $100 million business.

    L’intérêt de mélanger développeurs et usagers

    Back at Post headquarters in Washington, D.C., “because the technologists and the reporters and editors are often sitting alongside each other, sometimes we can get away with a less formal process to identify needs,” explains Gilbert. “A technologist can see when a reporter or editor is having trouble with something, and so sometimes it doesn’t have to be ‘file a ticket,’ ‘file a complaint,’ ‘send an email to an anonymous location.’” For instance, when editorial staffers wondered if it was possible for the Post site to preview videos with a moving clip rather than a still photo, a video developer quickly built a tool to allow editors to create snippets. “We see a much higher click-through rate when people use these animated GIFs than when they used the static images from before,” Gilbert says.

    #Médias #CMS #Washington_Post


  • Sujets ou objets ? Détenus et expérimentation humaine Barron H. Lerner docteur en médecine, docteur en philosophie

    Source : Academic Commons – Columbia University, le 03/05/2007

    Dans les années 50, les détenus de ce qu’on appelait alors, à Philadelphie, la prison Holmesburg, ont reçu des inoculations de condyloma acuminatum [verrues ano-génitales], de candidoses cutanées et de virus causant verrues, herpès simplex et zona. [1] Pour participer à cette recherche et à des études les exposant à la dioxine et à des produits de guerre chimique, on les a payés jusqu’à 1500 $ par mois. Entre 1963 et 1971, des chercheurs d’Oregon et de Washington ont irradié des prisonniers sains et leur ont prélevé à plusieurs reprises des échantillons de biopsie des testicules ; ces hommes ont par la suite fait état d’éruptions, de desquamation et d’ampoules sur le scrotum, ainsi que de difficultés sexuelles. [2] Des centaines d’expériences similaires ont incité le gouvernement fédéral à interdire strictement en 1978 la recherche impliquant des prisonniers. Le message était : de telles méthodes de recherche sont fondamentalement abusives et par conséquent immorales.

    Un récent rapport de l’Institut de Médecine (l’OIM) a pourtant rouvert cette porte close, en avançant que non seulement une telle recherche peut être effectuée de façon acceptable, mais que les prisonniers méritent d’être inclus dans des études au moins ceux qui pourraient en profiter directement. L’analyse des justifications aux restrictions américaines à la recherche en prison et à ses applications peut offrir des lignes directrices aux actuels débats politiques.

    On connaît depuis longtemps la vulnérabilité des prisonniers aux abus. Dès 1906, par exemple, les critiques ont noté à quel point il aurait été difficile à des prisonniers de refuser de participer à une expérience sur le choléra qui a finalement tué 13 hommes. [3] Cependant, les enquêteurs cherchaient périodiquement « des volontaires » parmi de telles populations captives dont le placement en institution offrait aux chercheurs l’accès à des sujets peu susceptibles d’échapper au suivi.

    De telles recherches n’ont pour la plupart pas cherché à profiter aux participants. En 1915, par exemple, le chercheur du service de santé publique Joseph Goldberger a inoculé la pellagre à des prisonniers du Mississippi sains, auxquels la liberté conditionnelle a été offerte en échange de leur participation. Ceux qui se sont inscrits ont éprouvé des symptômes très graves de la maladie, y compris diarrhée, éruption cutanée et confusion mentale. [3] Goldberger a, cependant, prouvé son hypothèse que la pellagre était une maladie de carence vitaminique qui pourrait être guérie par l’ingestion de vitamine B, à présent connue comme acide nicotinique. Grâce à ce travail, comme la découverte de l’insuline et des premiers agents antimicrobiens, l’entre-deux-guerres a été une époque d’avancées pour la recherche scientifique.

    La Seconde Guerre mondiale a transformé l’expérimentation contestable sur des prisonniers en une entreprise artisanale. Tandis que d’autres Américains risquaient leurs vies sur les champs de bataille, les prisonniers ont joué leur rôle en participant à des études qui les ont exposés à la blennorragie, à la gangrène gazeuse, à la dengue et à la malaria. [1] L’urgence de la guerre a conduit à délaisser toute considération de consentement digne de ce nom.

    Il est ironique que le plus important coup de pouce qu’ait reçu une pareille expérimentation fût une conséquence, après-guerre, du procès de Nuremberg au cours duquel vingt médecins nazis furent jugés et qui a donné naissance au Code de Nuremberg, un ensemble de principes ayant pour but d’interdire l’expérimentation sur des humains sans leur consentement. Quand les avocats de la défense ont laissé entendre que les scientifiques américains avaient mené pendant la guerre des recherches analogues à celles des nazis, un témoin à charge, Andrew C. Ivy, a cité des expériences sur la malaria impliquant des prisonniers de l’Illinois comme un exemple de recherche non coercitive « idéale ». La publication en 1948 des conclusions d’Ivy a aidé à institutionnaliser l’expérimentation en prison pour le quart de siècle suivant. [4]

    C’est une expérience impliquant une autre population vulnérable qui a interrompu la recherche en prison. En 1972, un journaliste d’Associated Press a dévoilé que des hommes noirs pauvres du Sud atteints de syphilis avaient été délibérément laissés sans traitement pendant 40 ans, afin que les chercheurs puissent étudier le cours naturel de la maladie. Dans le contexte de la campagne pour les droits civils et des protestations contre la guerre du Viêtnam, une telle recherche a été condamnée. Le scandale a conduit à la formation de la Commission nationale pour la Protection des sujets humains de recherche biomédicale et comportementale et finalement au Rapport Belmont, qui a recommandé de réorganiser l’expérimentation humaine en appliquant les principes de respect des personnes, de non-malfaisance et de justice.

    Dans le cas des recherches en prison, le nouveau cadre se révèle particulièrement restrictif. En 1978, le ministère de la Santé et des Services à la personne (DHHS) a adopté des règles qui ont limité de plusieurs façons la recherche financée au niveau fédéral impliquant des prisonniers, en stipulant, par exemple, que les expériences ne pourraient faire courir qu’un risque minimal aux sujets. La préoccupation primordiale était que les prisons sont des environnements en eux-mêmes coercitifs dans lesquels un consentement éclairé ne peut jamais être obtenu. Le fait que des recherches offrent récompense financière, allègement de l’ennui et perspective d’une obtention de liberté conditionnelle plus rapide les rend même encore plus problématiques.

    Telle était l’opinion qui dominait jusqu’à 2004, lorsque le DHHS a demandé à l’OIM de revoir sa position à ce sujet. En août 2006, l’OIM a publié son rapport qui a reconnu qu’il serait judicieux de laisser la situation en l’état. Par exemple, la population carcérale américaine comprend un nombre disproportionné de personnes vulnérables : les membres de groupes minoritaires, ceux atteints de maladie mentale, d’infection au VIH et autres maladies infectieuses graves. Les prisons sont généralement surchargées et leurs services médicaux sont insuffisants. Tous ces facteurs ont suggéré que n’importe quel allègement des restrictions pourrait mener à la répétition des précédentes erreurs.

    La commission de l’OIM, bien que sensible aux « abus déraisonnables » du passé, a cependant conseillé que des expériences comportant plus de risques que le risque minimal soient autorisées, sous réserve que des études impliquant des médicaments ou autres interventions biomédicales devaient apporter un bénéfice potentiel aux prisonniers. La commission a aussi conseillé plusieurs garde-fous, comme la création d’une base de données publique des expériences en prison, la limitation de la recherche aux interventions ayant démontré innocuité et efficacité, l’assurance que les études incluent une majorité de sujets non prisonniers et l’exigence que les propositions de recherche soient examinées par des comités de contrôle institutionnels comprenant des représentants des prisonniers.

    La décision de la commission est valable pour plusieurs raisons. La première pourrait être qualifiée d’historique. Pendant la plus grande partie du 20e siècle, malgré les découvertes de Nuremberg et d’autres avertissements ponctuels, l’expérimentation humaine a été largement considérée comme « une bonne chose », qui ferait avancer la science et bénéficierait à la santé. La réaction de retournement contre l’expérimentation en prison est survenue dans les années 70, quand l’autorité était mise en question dans toute la société. Aucun mécanisme n’était en place pour garantir les droits de sujets vulnérables. Interdire toute recherche risquée dans les prisons était donc judicieux.

    On a l’habitude de dire que ceux qui ignorent l’histoire sont condamnés à la répéter. Mais la décision de conserver les actuelles restrictions à cause des abus du passé conduirait à négliger plusieurs importants développements. Depuis 1978, un réseau de comités de révision institutionnels a été établi dans les instituts nationaux de santé, dans d’autres organismes gouvernementaux et des sites de recherche universitaire par tout le pays. Avec « le consentement éclairé » à présent entré dans le langage commun, les sujets d’étude sont plus conscients de leurs droits. Et, en grande partie à la suite du travail des militants de la lutte contre le sida et contre le cancer du sein, des personnes malades et à risques, même celles qui appartiennent aux populations potentiellement vulnérables, poursuivent à présent activement leur participation aux protocoles de recherche. Bien que tous ces développements ne soient pas clairement positifs, les ignorer eux et les opportunités qu’ils peuvent offrir aux prisonniers devrait être une attitude de régression. Comme dit le rapport de l’OIM, « Le respect des prisonniers exige aussi la reconnaissance de leur autonomie. »

    Un autre argument en faveur de l’assouplissement des restrictions est l’assertion que toute recherche en milieu carcéral est problématique pourrait ne pas être correcte. À la lumière des abus, les critiques ont tout naturellement soutenu que l’expérimentation humaine en prison a échoué parce qu’elle a lieu dans un environnement coercitif qui dénature n’importe quelle possibilité de consentement éclairé. Mais c’est une théorie qui peut et doit être examinée empiriquement par des études formelles du processus de consentement dans les prisons. De plus, comme le philosophe Carl Cohen en a débattu, la recherche à l’extérieur des prisons a souvent tout autant d’éléments coercitifs – si on admet que la coercition est employée, elle peut ne pas avoir grand-chose à voir avec la condition de prisonnier. [5]

    Finalement, rétablir, puis contrôler la recherche en prison offrirait à la société l’opportunité d’un contrôle continu et d’une réévaluation. En effet, la commission de l’OIM a trouvé que beaucoup de recherches non réglementées en prison avaient été menées sans tenir compte des directives de 1978. Nombre d’expériences tristement célèbres en prison ont impliqué la tromperie active des participants à l’étude – un abus facile à éviter si l’initiative entière est menée honnêtement. Il est même possible que de telles recherches, en ouvrant une fenêtre sur la vie carcérale, attirent utilement l’attention sur les lacunes des services médicaux en prison.

    Les nouvelles réglementations doivent cependant être abordées avec appréhension. Comme le sociologue Erving Goffman l’a montré dans son livre de 1961 « Asiles, “des institutions totales” », des prisons peuvent se moquer totalement des droits de leurs habitants. Peut-être devrait-on exiger de toute personne qui s’engage dans une recherche à l’intérieur des murs d’une prison qu’il lise ce livre.

    Le docteur Lerner est maître de conférence de médecine et de santé publique à l’Université Columbia, New York.
    1. Hornblum AM. They were cheap and available : prisoners as research subjects in twentieth century America (Ils étaient bon marché et disponibles : les prisonniers comme sujets de recherche dans l’Amérique du vingtième siècle). BMJ 1997 ; 315:1437-41.
    2. Welsome E. The plutonium files : America’s secret medical experiments in the Cold War (Les dossiers du plutonium : les expériences médicales secrètes de l’Amérique pendant la guerre froide). New York : Delta, 1999:362-82.
    3. Lederer SE. Subjected to science : human experimentation in America before the Second World War (Soumis à la science : l’expérimentation humaine en Amérique avant la Seconde Guerre mondiale). Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
    4. Harkness JM. Nuremberg and the issue of wartime experiments on US prisoners : the Green Committee. (Nuremberg et la question des expérimentations en temps de guerre sur des prisonniers américains : le Comité Vert) JAMA 1996 ;276:1672-5.
    5. Cohen C. Medical experimentation on prisoners (L’Expérimentation médicale sur les prisonniers). Perspect Biol Med 1978 ;21:357-72.

    Source : Academic Commons – Columbia University, le 03/05/2007, lien https://www.les-crises.fr/sujets-ou-objets-detenus-et-experimentation-humaine-par-barron-h-lerner