• January 10 strike date set for 33,000 Los Angeles teachers - World Socialist Web Site

    Le gouvernement des États Unis est en train de remplacer l’école publique par des charter schools privées. Les enseignants et parents d’élèves mènent un mouvement de résistance contre le démantèlement de l’institution publique.

    Last week, the United Teachers of Los Angeles (UTLA) announced that it had set a strike date of January 10 for 33,000 teachers after failing to reach an agreement with the district after more than 18 months of negotiations.

    The announcement came a few days after as many as 50,000 educators and their supporters marched in the nation’s second largest school district to demand increased wages, a reduction in class sizes and the hiring of nurses and other critical staff. Teachers in Oakland, Fremont and other California cities are also pressing for strike action as part of the resumption of teachers’ strikes, which saw statewide walkouts earlier this year in West Virginia, Oklahoma, Arizona and other states.

    Virginia teachers plan statewide protest to demand school funding - World Socialist Web Site

    The teachers’ movement that began last February in West Virginia—spreading to Kentucky, Oklahoma, Arizona, Colorado, North and South Carolina and Washington state—is clearly expanding in the face of the continued assault on public education. Charter school teachers have joined the growing number of walkouts as well, with a recent strike against Acero in Chicago.

    Meeting on Oakland school closure expresses hostility to attacks on public education - World Socialist Web Site

    Last Tuesday, over 150 parents, students, educators and community members attended a public meeting to protest the planned closure of Roots International Academy, a middle school that serves low-income youth in East Oakland, California. After listening to district representatives attempt to justify the closure, numerous attendees spoke out forcefully against it and in favor of expanding public education funding and resources.

    Roots is one of 24 public schools in Oakland Unified School District (OUSD) that are slated to be closed or merged with other public schools over the next five years as part of the district’s and state’s savage assault on public education, which includes district budget cuts of $60 million over the next two years. All 24 schools slated for closure or merger are located in the “flatlands” regions of East and West Oakland, where poverty and crime are far more prevalent than in the rest of the city.

    In response to this unprecedented attack on education in Oakland, the city’s working class residents are beginning to mobilize. Among Oakland teachers, who have been working without a contract since July 2017, there is growing sentiment for a statewide teachers strike to unite with Los Angeles teachers, who last week announced that they will begin striking on January 10.

    Two weeks ago, roughly 100 Oakland teachers engaged in a wildcat “sickout” strike, largely out of frustration over the stalled negotiations and lack of initiative from the Oakland Education Association (OEA) teachers union.

    #USA #éducation #privatisation

  • Is Saudi Arabia repaying Trump for Khashoggi by attacking Linda Sarsour?

    A Saudi-owned website considered close to the royal family claimed that Sarsour, Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib are agents of Qatar and the Muslim Brotherhood who declared a ’jihad’ on Trump

    Allison Kaplan Sommer
    Dec 10, 2018

    There is nothing earth-shattering about seeing Women’s March leader and Arab-American activist Linda Sarsour criticized as a dangerous Islamist by the conservative right and pro-Israel advocates in the United States. But the latest attack on the activist comes from a new and somewhat surprising source: Saudi Arabia.
    Al Arabiya, a Saudi-owned, pan-Arab news channel closely linked to the country’s royal family and widely viewed as reflecting Saudi foreign policy, published an article Sunday strongly suggesting that Sarsour and two incoming Muslim congresswomen are puppets planted by the Muslim Brotherhood and Qatar to undermine the Trump administration.
    The feature, which profiles Sarsour, seems to cast her as the latest proxy figure in the kingdom’s bitter dispute with Qatar, and its bid to strengthen ties and curry favor with the White House.
    It also focused on two Democratic politicians whom Sarsour actively campaigned for in the 2018 midterms: Minnesota’s Ilhan Omar and Michigan’s Rashida Tlaib, who are set to be the first-ever Muslim congresswomen when the House reconvenes in January.

    The Al Arabiya story on Linda Sarsour’s links to the Muslim Brotherhood, December 9, 2018.Screengrab
    Headlined “Details of calls to attack Trump by US ‘Muslim Sisters’ allied to Brotherhood,” the article is light on actual details but heavy on insinuation.
    Activists like Sarsour, and politicians like Tlaib and Omar, the Saudi publication wrote, are “mujahideen” (a term used to describe those involved in jihad) – fighting against “tyrants and opponents of Trump’s foreign policies.”

    The story says the policies they are fighting include “the siege of Iran, the fight against political Islam groups, and [Trump’s] choice of Saudi Arabia under the leadership of King Salman bin Abdulaziz and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman as a strategic ally.”
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    Tlaib and Omar, Al Arabiya asserts, are agents designed to “restore” control of political Islamist movements on the U.S. government by attacking Trump. The article says this effort is being directed by Sarsour – who, it writes, is purportedly funded and controlled by the Muslim Brotherhood - a claim it fails to provide any clear basis for.
    Tamara Cofman Wittes, a senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, Washington, says it should come as little surprise to those familiar with the region that “a state-owned Arabic news outlet would publish conspiracy theories about people whose views don’t accord with those of the government that funds it.”
    Al Arabiya, based in Dubai, but Saudi-owned, was founded in 2002 as a counter to Qatar’s popular Al Jazeera TV station – which frequently runs material sharply critical of the Saudis – as well as other Arabic media outlets critical of Saudi influence and supportive of political Islam.
    The article comes as rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Qatar has heated up in recent times, with Qatar’s emir skipping this weekend’s Gulf Cooperation Council summit hosted by Saudi Arabia, which has led a diplomatic war on its neighbor for the past 18 months.
    Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and non-GCC member Egypt cut diplomatic and economic ties with Qatar in June 2017, charging that the country supports terrorism. Qatar denies the charges and says the Saudi boycott aims to curtail its sovereignty. Last week, the Gulf nation announced it was withdrawing from the OPEC oil cartel.
    Islamists vs Islamists
    “Democrats’ battle against the Republican control of the U.S. Congress led to an alliance with political Islamist movements in order to restore their control on government, pushing Muslim candidates and women activists of immigrant minorities onto the electoral scene,” the report states.
    The “common ground” between Omar and Tlaib, the article adds, is to battle Trump’s foreign policy “starting from the sanctions on Iran to the isolation of the Muslim Brotherhood and all movements of political Islam. Those sponsoring and supporting the two Muslim women to reach the U.S. Congress adopted a tactic to infiltrate through their immigrant and black minority communities in general, and women’s groups in particular.
    The article ties Sarsour to Qatar and the Muslim Brotherhood through multiple associations with the Arab American Association of New York, which “was created by Palestinian Ahmed Jaber, a member of the Qatar International Foundation responsible for funding the association,” and also her attendance at an annual meeting of the International Network of Muslim Brotherhood in North America and Canada in 2016.
    The article compares Sarsour’s rhetoric to that “used by Muslim Brotherhood teachings and in the views of Sayyid Qutb, a scholar and co-founder of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, as well as from Abul A’la Maududi’s books ‘Islam and Ignorance’ and ‘Fundamentals of Islam.’
    “From all that is mentioned, we can touch the influence of Muslim Brotherhood in shaping the thoughts of American activist Linda Sarsour and consequently her declaring her ‘jihad’ against U.S. President Donald Trump, in addition to her call for the application of ‘Sharia,’ the rule of Islam in the United States of America,” the piece asserts.
    No one knows for sure whether Al Arabiya received direct orders from the Saudi government to attack Sarsour, Tlaib, Omar and other politically active Muslim women on the American left.
    Those familiar with Middle East media say conspiracy-minded attacks against figures in American politics aren’t particularly unusual in Arabic,
    but what is unique about this article is the fact it appeared in English on the network’s website.
    It seems to be a highly creative attempt to somehow repay the Trump White House as it deals with the fallout from the Jamal Khashoggi assassination. As Trump continues to take heat for staying close to the Saudis, they, in turn, are demonstrating their loyalty with their willingness to vilify people who were President Barack Obama’s supporters and are now Trump’s political enemies – even if they wear a hijab.

    Allison Kaplan Sommer
    Haaretz Correspondent

  • Chicago Tribune - We are currently unavailable in your region

    In 1924, French writer Andre Malraux was arrested and imprisoned when he removed nearly a ton of stone carvings and ornaments from a temple in the remote Cambodian jungle and trundled them away in

    Unfortunately, our website is currently unavailable in most European countries. We are engaged on the issue and committed to looking at options that support our full range of digital offerings to the EU market. We continue to identify technical compliance solutions that will provide all readers with our award-winning journalism.

    #Malraux #pillage #internet_restreint #TOR_is_love

      New York Times News ServiceCHICAGO TRIBUNE

      January 5, 1997 Phnom Penh

      In 1924, French writer Andre Malraux was arrested and imprisoned when he removed nearly a ton of stone carvings and ornaments from a temple in the remote Cambodian jungle and trundled them away in oxcarts.

      In 1980, starving refugees fleeing the terrors of the Khmer Rouge arrived at the border with Thailand lugging stone heads lopped from temple statues and ornate silverwork looted from museums.

      Today the looting continues, from hundreds of temples and archaeological sites scattered through the jungles of this often-lawless country, sometimes organized by smuggling syndicates and abetted by antique dealers in Thailand and elsewhere.

      Entire temple walls covered with bas-relief are hacked into chunks and trucked away by thieves. Villagers sell ancient pottery for pennies. Armed bands have attacked monks at remote temples to loot their treasures and have twice raided the conservation office at the temple complex of Angkor.

      But the tide is slowly beginning to turn. With the Cambodian government beginning a campaign to seek the return of the country’s treasures, and with cooperation from curators and customs agents abroad, 1996 was a significant year for the recovery of artifacts.

      Fifteen objects have come home, in three separate shipments from three continents, raising hopes that some of the more significant artifacts may be returned.

      In July, the U.S. returned a small head of the god Shiva that had been seized by Customs in San Francisco. Cambodia is a largely Buddhist nation, but over the centuries its history and its art have seen successive overlays of Buddhist and Hindu influences. At some temples, statues of Buddha mingle with those of the Hindu deities, Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu.

      In September, the Thai government returned 13 large stone carvings, some up to 800 years old, that had been confiscated by Thai police from an antique shop in Bangkok in 1990. Thai officials said the return was a gesture of good will meant to combat that country’s image as a center of antique trafficking.

      And in December, a British couple returned a stone Brahma head that they had bought at auction. Its Cambodian origin was confirmed by a list, published by UNESCO, of 100 artifacts that had disappeared from an inventory compiled in the 1960s.

      In addition, Sebastien Cavalier, a UNESCO representative here, said he was expecting the return as early as next month of a 10th Century Angkorean head of Shiva that is now in the Metropolitan Museum in New York.

      Six bronze pieces sent to the Guimet Museum in Paris for cleaning and safekeeping in the 1970s could also be returned in the coming months, he said.

      Now with the launching in January of a major traveling exhibition of Khmer artifacts—to Paris, Washington, Tokyo and Osaka— accompanied by an updated catalog of some of Cambodia’s missing treasures, Cavalier said he hopes the returns will accelerate.

      The exhibit will be on display in Paris from Jan. 31 to May 26, at the National Gallery in Washington from June 30 to Sept. 28, and in Japan from Oct. 28 to March 22, 1998.

      But the pillage of artifacts continues at a far greater pace than the returns.

      Government control remains tenuous in much of Cambodia and the Ministry of Culture has little money for the protection of antiquities. There is little check on armed groups and corrupt officials throughout the countryside, where hundreds of temples remain unused and unguarded or overgrown with jungle.

      Truckloads of treasures regularly pass through military checkpoints into Thailand, art experts say. Heavy stone artifacts are towed in fishing nets to cargo ships off the southern coast. In Thailand, skilled artisans repair or copy damaged objects and certificates of authenticity are forged.

      Most of Cambodia’s artistic patrimony remains uncatalogued, and Cavalier said there was no way to know the full extent of what had already been stolen over the last decades, or what remained scattered around the country.

  • CppCon 2018: Modern C++ Design

    Titus Winters and Modern C++

    By Tom Manshreck, Abseil Tech Writer

    CppCon 2018 was held in Bellevue, WA at the end of September.

    C++ has changed a lot since the transformative introduction of C++11. It is now all too apparent that C++ API Design itself also needs to change as the lessons learned about, for example, type design become more understood.

    Titus Winters reflects on the changes to C++ and how the introduction of new principles such as move-only types have affected API design in this two-part talk.

    In the first part, Titus focuses on parameter passing and an API’s overload set in providing a powerful conceptual framework for API design. In the second part, we focus on the properties of well-designed types, and how to think about things like Regularity. We discuss how Regularity (...)

  • Talks and Highlights From CppCon 2018!

    CppCon happened again this year in Bellevue, Washington! In this video, Steve Carroll chatted with Jon Kalb, the CppCon conference organizer, about the conference and where it’s going next, along with a number of speakers who participated. Links to the recordings of the talks are available below. [11:03]: Guy Davidson - Lightweight 2D graphics with io2d[13:10] Billy O’Neal - Inside Visual C++ Parallel Algorithms[14:45] Fabian Renn-Giles - A Semi Compile/Run-time Map with (Nearly) Zero Overhead Lookup[16:59] Matthias Gehre, Gabor Horvath - Implementing the C++ Core Guidelines’ Lifetime Safety Profile in Clang[19:05] Gabor Horvath - Dealing with aliasing using contracts[20:51] Patrice Roy - Pessimistic Programming[24:36] Anastasiia Kazakova - Debug C++ Without (...)


  • Bjarne Stroustrup Interview at CppCon 2018

    We are back with footage from CppCon 2018, which occurred in Bellevue, Washington! In this special GoingNative episode, our host Steve Carroll chats with Gabriel Dos Reis and Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of C++, who spoke this year about Concepts, an exciting new feature coming soon to C++! Overview of CppConCppCon is the annual, week-long face-to-face gathering for the entire C++ community. The conference is organized by the C++ community for the community. You will enjoy inspirational talks and a friendly atmosphere designed to help attendees learn from each other, meet interesting people, and generally have a stimulating experience. Taking place this year in the beautiful Seattle neighborhood of Bellevue and including multiple diverse tracks, the (...)


  • U.S. eyes West Coast military bases to export coal, gas -report | Reuters

    President Donald Trump’s administration is considering using West Coast military facilities to export coal and natural gas to Asia, according to an Associated Press report on Monday, citing U.S. Department of Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke.

    The move would help fossil fuel producers ship their products to Asia and circumvent environmental concerns in Democratic-leaning states like Washington, Oregon and California that have rejected efforts to build new coal ports.

    In an interview in Montana, Zinke told AP “it’s in our interest for national security and our allies to make sure that they have access to affordable energy commodities” and proposed using naval facilities or other federal properties for exports.

    Zinke, a former Navy SEAL, said the former Naval Air Facility Adak in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands could be used to export natural gas. He did not specify any others.
    The idea drew praise from the U.S. coal industry, which is eager to overcome a dearth of export terminals on the U.S. West Coast. Currently, U.S. coal exported into the Pacific basin must go through Canada’s British Columbia.

  • Bjarne Stroustrup Interview at CppCon 2018—Steve Carroll, Augustin Popa

    Cppcon videos are coming.

    Bjarne Stroustrup Interview at CppCon 2018 by Steve Carroll, Augustin Popa

    From the video:

    We are back with footage from CppCon 2018, which occurred in Bellevue, Washington! In this special GoingNative episode, our host Steve Carroll chats with Gabriel Dos Reis and Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of C++, who spoke this year about Concepts, an exciting new feature coming soon to C++!


  • Rand Paul à Moscou

    Rand Paul à Moscou

    Le sénateur du Kentucky Rand Paul fait donc honneur à son père. Ron Paul fut pendant plusieurs décennies un député du Texas à la Chambre des Représentants de Washington où il se singularisa constamment par des positions non-conformistes, contre la position officielle de son parti (républicain), – lui-même étant un libertarien hautement proclamé. Ron Paul fut notamment deux fois candidat à la présidence (2008 et 2012) et ses tentatives furent loin d’être ridicules malgré le sabotage systématique de son parti. L’ensemble lui permet de parler et d’écrire aujourd’hui, quasiment à quatre-vingts ans, comme un vieux sage qui en sait plus sur la politique de sécurité nationale que l’ensemble du Congrès, – la corruption en moins, certes.

    Rand est en train de suivre les traces de son ère, après un (...)

  • Trois employés de Sodexo se battent pour sauver leur emploi à Kaboul
    Dans les quartiers Nord de Marseille, les salariés d’un McDo kidnappés et assassinés

    Les médias américains inquiets du climat de haine entretenu par un dissident chinois
    « Quoi j’ai dit quelque chose de faux ? » : la police interrompt Donald Trump en pleine interview

    Au procès d’Harvey Weinstein, le candidat de l’opposition appelle à un front anti-IBK
    Au Mali, la correspondante au ton « chaleureux » d’une des victimes présumées

    Episode de canicule déjoué en Allemagne : deux arrestations en Tunisie
    Combien d’attentats à la ricine votre département a-t-il connus ?

    Ce qu’il faut retenir de la 28ème édition des Nuits des étoiles
    Quatre planètes éclatantes à observer au Zimbabwe

    Au procès de Booba et Kaaris sous une chaleur écrasante
    Un samedi noir sur les routes de France, rappeurs contrit et avocats fougueux

    La rivière oubliée de Gaza
    Washington : un Palestinien tué lors de nouvelles violences à la frontière avec Israël


  • Iran’s Support to Houthi Air Defenses in Yemen - The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

    In addition to preventing the entry of smuggled Iranian air-defense systems, Washington should work with the Saudi-led coalition to blunt the impact of evolving Houthi SAM tactics.

    According to the Gulf coalition and the internationally recognized Yemeni government, Iran has been violating the UN arms embargo by trying to provide Houthi rebels with advanced surface-to-air missile systems. The smuggling of Iranian-built Sayyad-2C SAMs and passive flight-tracking equipment could worsen the air-defense threat to U.S. allies such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, jeopardizing efforts to hammer out a peace settlement in the process.

    #iran #yémen

    • According to the Gulf coalition and the internationally recognized Yemeni government, Iran has been violating the UN arms embargo by trying to provide Houthi rebels with advanced surface-to-air missile systems.

      La coalition, elle, y arrive sans vraiment de problème. Mais c’est parce qu’elle, elle soutient le gouvernement légitime, lui.

  • Trump demandera-t-il l’asile politique à Moscou ?

    Trump demandera-t-il l’asile politique à Moscou ?

    Il est vrai qu’il s’est déroulé ces dix derniers jours un étrange ballet entre Trump et Poutine, de déclaration en déclaration : Trump qui dit d’abord qu’il aimerait bien revoir Poutine avant la fin de l’année, qu’il l’invite à Washington ; la presseSystème s’étrangle, des dames libérales et progressistes-sociétales de Park Avenue réclament des sels pour ne pas défaillir ; Trump revient en arrière, c’est-à-dire avance dans le temps à venir : finalement, Poutine sera le bienvenu, mais en 2019 seulement. Pendant ce temps, Poutine qui festoie avec les BRICS, signale qu’il invite, lui, Trump à venir à Moscou, disons “sous certaines conditions” ; et Trump qui fait dire qu’il est prêt à aller à Moscou, à condition certaine qu’il y ait une “invitation formelle”...

    … En (...)

  • U.S. Opposition to Breast-Feeding Resolution Stuns World Health Officials - The New York Times

    American officials sought to water down the resolution by removing language that called on governments to “protect, promote and support breast-feeding” and another passage that called on policymakers to restrict the promotion of food products that many experts say can have deleterious effects on young children.

    When that failed, they turned to threats, according to diplomats and government officials who took part in the discussions. Ecuador, which had planned to introduce the measure, was the first to find itself in the cross hairs.

    The Americans were blunt: If Ecuador refused to drop the resolution, Washington would unleash punishing trade measures and withdraw crucial military aid. The Ecuadorean government quickly acquiesced.

    #Etats-Unis #corrompu #corruption #lobbying #gangsters #mafia #sans_vergogne

    • Health advocates scrambled to find another sponsor for the resolution, but at least a dozen countries, most of them poor nations in Africa and Latin America, backed off, citing fears of retaliation, according to officials from Uruguay, Mexico and the United States.

    • Breastfeeding: achieving the new normal - The Lancet

      The deaths of 823 000 children and 20 000 mothers each year could be averted through universal breastfeeding, along with economic savings of US$300 billion. The Series confirms the benefits of breastfeeding in fewer infections, increased intelligence, probable protection against overweight and diabetes, and cancer prevention for mothers.

      Via @AndrewAlbertson sur twitter.

    • The Baby-Formula #Crime Ring - The New York Times

      SOME $4.3 BILLION worth of infant formula was sold in the United States last year, a vast majority of it in powdered form. Between factory and baby aisle, its cheap ingredients (dehydrated milk and vitamins) become steeply, even mysteriously expensive. Basic types run about $15 for a 12.5-ounce can, amounting to perhaps $150 a month for a fully formula-fed infant. Specialty recipes like EleCare can cost two or three times as much. Strict Food and Drug Administration regulations govern formula production, and three companies dominate. Abbott Laboratories, which makes Similac, and Mead Johnson, which makes Enfamil, each control about 40 percent of the market. The Nestlé-owned brand Gerber holds a roughly 15-percent share.

      A market with so little competition is bound to have generous margins, and formula makers have grown richer still because a single buyer accounts for roughly half of all domestic sales: the United States government. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, commonly known as WIC, provides needy mothers with cash assistance for certain foods, including powdered formula. When it began, in 1972, WIC represented a fresh, lush source of inelastic demand, by effectively eliminating from the formula market those customers most sensitive to price. During the ’80s, formula prices rose by more than 150 percent, vastly outpacing increases in milk costs. By the middle of that decade, formula was absorbing 40 percent of WIC’s food budget, prompting shortfalls that shunted many eligible families to a waiting list.

    • Allaitement maternel : Trump défend le lait en poudre | États-Unis

      Attitude criminelle des Etats-Unis : ils défendent les intérêts des fabricants du lait en poudre au détriment de la santé des enfants,

      L’article, paru dans le New York Times, affirme que les délégués américains à une réunion annuelle de l’OMS à Genève en mai ont cherché à supprimer un passage d’une résolution sur l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant qui invitait les États membres à « protéger, promouvoir et soutenir » l’allaitement maternel.

      Les Américains auraient fait pression sur l’Équateur afin que le pays renonce à proposer la résolution, et c’est la Russie qui aurait pris le relais. La phrase a finalement été approuvée et figure dans le document disponible aujourd’hui en ligne.

      « L’article du New York Times sur l’allaitement doit être dénoncé. Les États-Unis soutiennent fortement l’allaitement, mais nous pensons que les femmes ne doivent pas se voir interdire l’accès au lait en poudre. De nombreuses femmes ont besoin de cette option à cause de la malnutrition et de la pauvreté », a tweeté Donald Trump.

  • Barbus derrouillés, Corée déverrouillée

    En Syrie, les barbus modérément modérés l’ont plutôt mauvaise ces derniers jours. Les loyalistes ont enfin lancé la grande et attendue offensive sur Deraa, dans le sud-ouest. Malgré les répétées mises en garde de l’empire, Washington semble finalement...

  • The siege of Hodeidah, Washington’s war crime in Yemen - World Socialist Web Site

    The siege of Hodeidah, Washington’s war crime in Yemen
    15 June 2018

    The siege of Yemen’s Red Sea port of Hodeidah launched by Saudi and United Arab Emirates-led forces at dawn on Wednesday could cost the lives of some quarter of a million people in the crowded city itself, according to a UN estimate, while threatening to kill millions more across the country through hunger and disease.

    Inflicting mass suffering upon civilians is the main purpose of the attack on Hodeidah, which is the principal lifeline for food, fuel and medicine for at least 70 percent of the population in a country that depends on imports for up to 90 percent of its food. The aim is to starve the impoverished Yemeni people into submission.

    #yémen #états-unis #arabie_saoudite

  • Euronouillerie cherche maître désespérément

    Quel spectacle, mes aïeux ! Qu’il était rassurant pour les vassaux européens de se laisser diriger pendant des décennies par Washington et ne surtout prendre aucune décision. Oui mais voilà, l’élection du Donald a provoqué un cataclysme et l’Union ectoplasmique...

  • Les îles militarisées en mer de Chine du Sud : la partie émergée de la puissance de frappe de Pékin

    En dépit d’un semblant de détente en Asie entre Donald Trump et Kim Jong‑un, la « guerre d’influence en mer de Chine entre Pékin et Washington ne va pas cesser quels que soient les développements sur le dossier nord-coréen » notait le correspondant du journal Le Monde Gilles Paris, envoyé spécial à Singapour, lors d’un live avec les lecteurs du quotidien.

    #chine #océan_indien #thalassocratie #mer_de_chine_méridionale
    Début juin, le sentiment était le même au sommet annuel du Shangri-La Dialogue à Singapour sur les enjeux de sécurité en Asie-Pacifique.

    La ministre française des Armées, Florence Parly avait particulièrement rappelé l’urgence au respect du droit international en mer de Chine du Sud et que la zone était marquée par la compétition entre pays plus que par la coopération régionale qu’il convenait, selon elle, de soutenir.

    • Lost Horizon narre l’histoire des rescapés d’un accident d’avion qui réussissent à atteindre une lamaserie utopique, appelée « Shangri-La », aux confins du Tibet. Il s’agit d’un lieu fermé dans lequel l’on voit de merveilleux paysages et où le temps est suspendu dans une atmosphère de paix et tranquillité.

      Depuis le temps que je me demandais pourquoi autant d’hôtels s’appelaient comme ça.

      Le Congrès américain assouplit la régulation bancaire
      "Adopté par 258 voix contre 159, le texte, qui réduit de 38 à 12 le nombre de banques américaines soumises aux règles les plus dures, doit désormais être signé par le président américain."
      Source : Le Monde

      Haute finance : ses pratiques délictueuses mettent en danger le grand public.
      "Voici un reportage que nous offre Arte (2017) sur la mort d’un banquier italien. Son tort ? Il a failli témoigner… Mais au-delà de cet assassinat, il est utile de voir comment les alliances des mondes politiques et financiers mettent en danger le grand public…"
      Source : Blog de Liliane Heldkhawan

      Tout allait bien…
      "En 2008, un jeune candidat aux primaires démocrates puis à l’élection présidentielle américaine soulevait l’enthousiasme des commentateurs par la méthode innovante mise en œuvre lors de sa campagne : moissonner les données personnelles de citoyens susceptibles de voter pour lui. La collecte fut si fructueuse que, selon le journaliste Sasha Issenberg, l’équipe de M. Barack Obama « connaissait le nom de chacun des 69 456 897 Américains dont les bulletins l’avaient propulsé à la Maison Blanche »."

      Marée populaire : les chiffres biaisés de France 2 sur « l’échec » de la mobilisation
      "Samedi 26 mai, près de 190 cortèges ont défilé dans toute la France à l’occasion de la « marée populaire » contre la politique du gouvernement Macron. Le soir même, le JT de France 2 fait le constat d’un « échec » de ces manifestations. Les journalistes de la chaîne publique reprennent une information ressassée par éditorialistes et « experts » dans de nombreux grands médias : la mobilisation serait en baisse depuis la précédente manifestation du 5 mai. Qu’en est-il vraiment ?"
      Source : ACRIMED

      Le CAC40 en 2017 : plus de 16 000 filiales, dont 15% dans des paradis fiscaux
      "Une multinationale, ce n’est pas seulement un nom, une capitalisation boursière et une direction centralisée. C’est aussi un réseau complexe de centaines de filiales, localisées aux quatre coins dans la planète, liées entre elles par des relations financières, juridiques et actionnariales souvent opaques, ouvrant la porte à tous les abus."

      Comment l’Europe - et la France - s’accomode de ses paradis fiscaux
      "En matière de paradis fiscaux les choses n’ont pas beaucoup bougé, en apparence du moins, en dépit des scandales qui ont émaillé la dernière décennie, des « offshore leaks » jusqu’au Paradise papers. Dire que rien n’a été fait, serait abusif. Le Royaume Uni a notamment annoncé le premier mai, la transparence sur les propriétaires des sociétés sur ses 14 territoires d’outre-mer."
      Source : XERFI CANAL

      Grève SNCF : ce qu’ont vraiment gagné les syndicats dans la bataille
      "Ce n’est pas encore la fin de la grève à la SNCF, mais on s’en rapproche,à entendre les déclarations des syndicats réformistes, Unsa et CFDT, qui évoquent une sortie du conflit mi-juin. En ce samedi, 25e jour de grève, l’heure est déjà au bilan. Qu’ont obtenu les syndicats au cours de ce bras de fer entamé début avril ? Tout cela pour quoi ?"
      Source : Nouvel Obs

      Energie : l’échec annoncé de dix ans de dérégulation
      "La promesse est toujours la même. En brisant les monopoles publics au profit d’un marché concurrentiel, la dérégulation permettrait de faire chuter les prix et d’améliorer la qualité pour les usagers, devenus des « clients ». L’argument est de nouveau ressorti par le gouvernement dans le cadre de la réforme ferroviaire, dont l’examen au Sénat a commencé le 23 mai. Et si on jugeait sur pièces ?"
      Source : BASTAMAG

      Eloge de la redistribution
      "« Il y a trop d’aides sociales en France », assure Gérald Darmanin, le ministre de l’Action et des Comptes publics ; « Expliquer qu’on va réduire la dépense publique sans rien toucher aux aides sociales, ce ne serait pas cohérent et pas lucide vis-à-vis des Français », affirme lui aussi Bruno Le Maire, le ministre de l’Economie… Incontestablement, au sein du gouvernement, l’air du temps est à la remise en cause des prestations sociales – même si la cacophonie des ministres empêche encore de comprendre quels sont ses projets exacts en la matière."

      Niger : la société civile réprimée, le président Issoufou reçu avec les honneurs à l’Élysée
      "Le président du Niger Mahamadou Issoufou entame ce 4 juin une visite officielle à Paris, sur invitation d’Emmanuel Macron. Plusieurs ministres et le président du Sénat seront à sa disposition, tandis qu’il devrait obtenir près de 50 millions d’euros d’aide au développement. Au même moment, les principaux leaders de la société civile nigérienne subissent une brutale répression, croupissant dans plusieurs prisons gouvernementales."
      Source : BASTAMAG

      L’ONU épingle la France pour sa lutte antiterroriste et ses effets « préoccupants » sur les libertés individuelles
      "Pendant dix jours, Fionnuala Ni Aolain, rapporteuse spéciale des Nations Unies sur la protection des droits de l’Homme dans la lutte antiterroriste a rencontré tous les acteurs qui jouent un rôle en la matière en France…"
      Source : 20 Minutes

      Pour une défense internationale de Julian Assange !
      "Le Comité international de la Quatrième Internationale (CIQI) et le Comité de rédaction international du « World Socialist Web Site » appellent d’urgence à une mobilisation internationale pour défendre le rédacteur en chef de WikiLeaks, Julian Assange. Après s’être battu pendant près de huit ans contre la persécution incessante de Washington et de ses alliés, le journaliste d’origine australienne est en danger de tomber dans leurs griffes."

      La Confédération paysanne s’invite chez Bolloré
      "Plusieurs dizaines de personnes ont manifesté ce 5 juin 2018, à l’appel de la Confédération paysanne devant l’entrée d’un domaine viticole appartenant à Vincent Bolloré à La Croix-Valmer (Var) pour dénoncer « l’accaparement des terres » et les « spéculations sur le dos des paysans locaux ». « Nous dénonçons la financiarisation de l’agriculture : des personnes extérieures au monde agricole viennent faire du fric sur la terre des paysans en les excluant », déplore Laurent Pinatel, porte-parole de la Confédération paysanne."
      Source : La France Agricole

      L’Iran à court d’eau
      "En Iran, la pénurie d’eau devient une urgence nationale. Comment la république islamique a-t-elle sacrifié cette ressource vitale ? Un documentaire éclairant." [Iran/USA, même combat ?!]
      Source : Arte
      L’Azerbaïdjan met en place un corridor gazier géostratégique via la Turquie
      "Pendant qu’Etats-Unis, et Union européenne s’affrontent via taxes sur acier et aluminium, les pays de l’ex-URSS – tels que l’Azerbaïdjan – avancent chaque jour un peu plus dans le domaine gazier. Tentant de se tailler la part du lion sur l’échiquier énergétique mondial et sur le gigantesque marché énergétique européen. Une option qui vise notamment à réduire la dépendance de l’Europe au gaz russe, alors que les pays membres de l’UE se voient contraints ces dernières années d’accroître leurs achats auprès de la Russie, malgré les objectifs énoncés par Bruxelles."
      Source : LE BLOG FINANCE

      L’espérance de vie continue de diminuer aux Etats-Unis
      "C’est un phénomène pour le moins alarmant que pointent du doigt des chercheurs américains. Pour la troisième année consécutive, l’espérance de vie aux Etats-Unis recule. La consommation de drogues (notamment des opiacées), d’alcool et les suicides contribuent à cette baisse inquiétante."
      Source : La Dépêche

  • Indigenous Women Have Been Disappearing for Generations. Politicians Are Finally Starting to Notice.

    Aux États-Unis comme au Canada

    Women on the Yakama Indian Reservation in Washington state didn’t have any particular term for the way the violent deaths and sudden disappearances of their sisters, mothers, friends, and neighbors had become woven into everyday life.

    “I didn’t know, like many, that there was a title, that there was a word for it,” said Roxanne White, who is Yakama and Nez Perce and grew up on the reservation. White has become a leader in the movement to address the disproportionate rates of homicide and missing persons cases among American Indian women, but the first time she heard the term “missing and murdered Indigenous women” was less than two years ago, at a Dakota Access pipeline resistance camp at Standing Rock. There, she met women who had traveled from Canada to speak about disappearances in First Nations to the north, where Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s administration launched a historic national inquiry into the issue in 2016.

    #nations_premières #états-unis #canada #féminicide

    • #NotInvisible: Why are Native American women vanishing?

      The searchers rummage through the abandoned trailer, flipping over a battered couch, unfurling a stained sheet, looking for clues. It’s blistering hot and a grizzly bear lurking in the brush unleashes a menacing growl. But they can’t stop.

      Not when a loved one is still missing.

      The group moves outside into knee-deep weeds, checking out a rusted garbage can, an old washing machine — and a surprise: bones.

      Ashley HeavyRunner Loring, a 20-year-old member of the Blackfeet Nation, was last heard from around June 8, 2017. Since then her older sister, Kimberly, has been looking for her.

      She has logged about 40 searches, with family from afar sometimes using Google Earth to guide her around closed roads. She’s hiked in mountains, shouting her sister’s name. She’s trekked through fields, gingerly stepping around snakes. She’s trudged through snow, rain and mud, but she can’t cover the entire 1.5 million-acre reservation, an expanse larger than Delaware.

      “I’m the older sister. I need to do this,” says 24-year-old Kimberly, swatting away bugs, her hair matted from the heat. “I don’t want to search until I’m 80. But if I have to, I will.”

      Ashley’s disappearance is one small chapter in the unsettling story of missing and murdered Native American women and girls. No one knows precisely how many there are because some cases go unreported, others aren’t documented thoroughly and there isn’t a specific government database tracking these cases. But one U.S. senator with victims in her home state calls this an epidemic, a long-standing problem linked to inadequate resources, outright indifference and a confusing jurisdictional maze.

      Now, in the era of #MeToo, this issue is gaining political traction as an expanding activist movement focuses on Native women — a population known to experience some of the nation’s highest rates of murder, sexual violence and domestic abuse.

      “Just the fact we’re making policymakers acknowledge this is an issue that requires government response, that’s progress in itself,” says Annita Lucchesi, a cartographer and descendant of the Cheyenne who is building a database of missing and murdered indigenous women in the U.S. and Canada — a list of some 2,700 names so far.

      As her endless hunt goes on, Ashley’s sister is joined on this day by a cousin, Lissa, and four others, including a family friend armed with a rifle and pistols. They scour the trailer where two “no trespassing” signs are posted and a broken telescope looks out the kitchen window. One of Ashley’s cousins lived here, and there are reports it’s among the last places she was seen.

      “We’re following every rumor there is, even if it sounds ridiculous,” Lissa Loring says.

      This search is motivated, in part, by the family’s disappointment with the reservation police force — a common sentiment for many relatives of missing Native Americans.

      Outside, the group stumbles upon something intriguing: the bones, one small and straight, the other larger and shaped like a saddle. It’s enough to alert police, who respond in five squad cars, rumbling across the ragged field, kicking up clouds of dust. After studying the bones, one officer breaks the news: They’re much too large for a human; they could belong to a deer.

      There will be no breakthrough today. Tomorrow the searchers head to the mountains.


      For many in Native American communities across the nation, the problem of missing and murdered women is deeply personal.

      “I can’t think of a single person that I know ... who doesn’t have some sort of experience,” says Ivan MacDonald, a member of the Blackfeet Nation and a filmmaker. “These women aren’t just statistics. These are grandma, these are mom. This is an aunt, this is a daughter. This is someone who was loved ... and didn’t get the justice that they so desperately needed.”

      MacDonald and his sister, Ivy, recently produced a documentary on Native American women in Montana who vanished or were killed. One story hits particularly close to home. Their 7-year-old cousin, Monica, disappeared from a reservation school in 1979. Her body was found frozen on a mountain 20 miles away, and no one has ever been arrested.

      There are many similar mysteries that follow a pattern: A woman or girl goes missing, there’s a community outcry, a search is launched, a reward may be offered. There may be a quick resolution. But often, there’s frustration with tribal police and federal authorities, and a feeling many cases aren’t handled urgently or thoroughly.

      So why does this happen? MacDonald offers his own harsh assessment.

      “It boils down to racism,” he argues. “You could sort of tie it into poverty or drug use or some of those factors ... (but) the federal government doesn’t really give a crap at the end of the day.”

      Tribal police and investigators from the federal Bureau of Indian Affairs serve as law enforcement on reservations, which are sovereign nations. But the FBI investigates certain offenses and, if there’s ample evidence, the U.S. Department of Justice prosecutes major felonies such as murder, kidnapping and rape if they happen on tribal lands.

      Former North Dakota federal prosecutor Tim Purdon calls it a “jurisdictional thicket” of overlapping authority and different laws depending on the crime, where it occurred (on a reservation or not) and whether a tribal member is the victim or perpetrator. Missing person cases on reservations can be especially tricky. Some people run away, but if a crime is suspected, it’s difficult to know how to get help.

      “Where do I go to file a missing person’s report?” Purdon asks. “Do I go to the tribal police? ... In some places they’re underfunded and undertrained. The Bureau of Indian Affairs? The FBI? They might want to help, but a missing person case without more is not a crime, so they may not be able to open an investigation. ... Do I go to one of the county sheriffs? ... If that sounds like a horribly complicated mishmash of law enforcement jurisdictions that would tremendously complicate how I would try to find help, it’s because that’s what it is.”

      Sarah Deer, a University of Kansas professor, author of a book on sexual violence in Indian Country and member of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, offers another explanation for the missing and murdered: Native women, she says, have long been considered invisible and disposable in society, and those vulnerabilities attract predators.

      “It’s made us more of a target, particularly for the women who have addiction issues, PTSD and other kinds of maladies,” she says. “You have a very marginalized group, and the legal system doesn’t seem to take proactive attempts to protect Native women in some cases.”

      Those attitudes permeate reservations where tribal police are frequently stretched thin and lack training and families complain officers don’t take reports of missing women seriously, delaying searches in the first critical hours.

      “They almost shame the people that are reporting, (and say), ’Well, she’s out drinking. Well, she probably took up with some man,’” says Carmen O’Leary, director of the Native Women’s Society of the Great Plains. “A lot of times families internalize that kind of shame, (thinking) that it’s her fault somehow.”

      Matthew Lone Bear spent nine months looking for his older sister, Olivia — using drones and four-wheelers, fending off snakes and crisscrossing nearly a million acres, often on foot. The 32-year-old mother of five had last been seen driving a Chevy Silverado on Oct. 25, 2017, in downtown New Town, on the oil-rich terrain of North Dakota’s Fort Berthold Reservation.

      On July 31, volunteers using sonar found the truck with Olivia inside submerged in a lake less than a mile from her home. It’s a body of water that had been searched before, her brother says, but “obviously not as thoroughly, or they would have found it a long time ago.”

      Lone Bear says authorities were slow in launching their search — it took days to get underway — and didn’t get boats in the water until December, despite his frequent pleas. He’s working to develop a protocol for missing person cases for North Dakota’s tribes “that gets the red tape and bureaucracy out of the way,” he says.

      The FBI is investigating Olivia’s death. “She’s home,” her brother adds, “but how did she get there? We don’t have any of those answers.”

      Other families have been waiting for decades.

      Carolyn DeFord’s mother, Leona LeClair Kinsey, a member of the Puyallup Tribe, vanished nearly 20 years ago in La Grande, Oregon. “There was no search party. There was no, ’Let’s tear her house apart and find a clue,’” DeFord says. “I just felt hopeless and helpless.” She ended up creating her own missing person’s poster.

      “There’s no way to process the kind of loss that doesn’t stop,” says DeFord, who lives outside Tacoma, Washington. “Somebody asked me awhile back, ’What would you do if you found her? What would that mean?’... It would mean she can come home. She’s a human being who deserves to be honored and have her children and her grandchildren get to remember her and celebrate her life.”

      It’s another Native American woman whose name is attached to a federal bill aimed at addressing this issue. Savanna LaFontaine-Greywind, 22, was murdered in 2017 while eight months pregnant. Her body was found in a river, wrapped in plastic and duct tape. A neighbor in Fargo, North Dakota, cut her baby girl from her womb. The child survived and lives with her father. The neighbor, who pleaded guilty, was sentenced to life without parole; her boyfriend’s trial is set to start in September.

      In a speech on the Senate floor last fall, North Dakota Democrat Heidi Heitkamp told the stories of four other Native American women from her state whose deaths were unsolved. Displaying a giant board featuring their photos, she decried disproportionate incidences of violence that go “unnoticed, unreported or underreported.”

      Her bill, “Savanna’s Act,” aims to improve tribal access to federal crime information databases. It would also require the Department of Justice to develop a protocol to respond to cases of missing and murdered Native Americans and the federal government to provide an annual report on the numbers.

      At the end of 2017, Native Americans and Alaska Natives made up 1.8 percent of ongoing missing cases in the FBI’s National Crime Information Center database, even though they represent 0.8 percent of the U.S. population. These cases include those lingering and open from year to year, but experts say the figure is low, given that many tribes don’t have access to the database. Native women accounted for more than 0.7 percent of the missing cases — 633 in all — though they represent about 0.4 percent of the U.S. population.

      “Violence against Native American women has not been prosecuted,” Heitkamp said in an interview. “We have not really seen the urgency in closing cold cases. We haven’t seen the urgency when someone goes missing. ... We don’t have the clear lines of authority that need to be established to prevent these tragedies.”

      In August, Sen. Jon Tester, a Montana Democrat, asked the leaders of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs to hold a hearing to address the problem.

      Lawmakers in a handful of states also are responding. In Montana, a legislative tribal relations committee has proposals for five bills to deal with missing persons. In July 2017, 22 of 72 missing girls or women — or about 30 percent — were Native American, according to Montana’s Department of Justice. But Native females comprise only 3.3 percent of the state’s population.

      It’s one of many statistics that reveal a grim reality.

      On some reservations, Native American women are murdered at a rate more than 10 times the national average and more than half of Alaska Native and Native women have experienced sexual violence at some point, according to the U.S. Justice Department. A 2016 study found more than 80 percent of Native women experience violence in their lifetimes.

      Yet another federal report on violence against women included some startling anecdotes from tribal leaders. Sadie Young Bird, who heads victim services for the Three Affiliated Tribes at Fort Berthold, described how in 1½ years, her program had dealt with five cases of murdered or missing women, resulting in 18 children losing their mothers; two cases were due to intimate partner violence.

      “Our people go missing at an alarming rate, and we would not hear about many of these cases without Facebook,” she said in the report.

      Canada has been wrestling with this issue for decades and recently extended a government inquiry that began in 2016 into missing and murdered indigenous women. A report by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police concluded that from 1980 to 2012 there were 1,181 indigenous women murdered or whose missing person cases were unresolved. Lucchesi, the researcher, says she found an additional 400 to 500 cases in her database work.

      Despite some high-profile cases in the U.S., many more get scant attention, Lucchesi adds.

      “Ashley has been the face of this movement,” she says. “But this movement started before Ashley was born. For every Ashley, there are 200 more.”

      Browning is the heart of the Blackfeet Nation, a distinctly Western town with calf-roping competitions, the occasional horseback rider ambling down the street — and a hardscrabble reality. Nearly 40 percent of the residents live in poverty. The down-and-out loiter on corners. Shuttered homes with “Meth Unit” scrawled on wooden boards convey the damage caused by drugs.

      With just about 1,000 residents, many folks are related and secrets have a way of spilling out.

      “There’s always somebody talking,” says Ashley’s cousin, Lissa, “and it seems like to us since she disappeared, everybody got quiet. I don’t know if they’re scared, but so are we. That’s why we need people to speak up.”

      Missing posters of Ashley are displayed in grocery stores and the occasional sandwich shop. They show a fresh-faced, grinning woman, flashing the peace sign. In one, she gazes into the camera, her long hair blowing in the wind.

      One of nine children, including half-siblings, Ashley had lived with her grandmother outside town. Kimberly remembers her sister as funny and feisty, the keeper of the family photo albums who always carried a camera. She learned to ride a horse before a bike and liked to whip up breakfasts of biscuits and gravy that could feed an army.

      She was interested in environmental science and was completing her studies at Blackfeet Community College, with plans to attend the University of Montana.

      Kimberly says Ashley contacted her asking for money. Days later, she was gone.

      At first, her relatives say, tribal police suggested Ashley was old enough to take off on her own. The Bureau of Indian Affairs investigated, teaming up with reservation police, and interviewed 55 people and conducted 38 searches. There are persons of interest, spokeswoman Nedra Darling says, but she wouldn’t elaborate. A $10,000 reward is being offered.

      The FBI took over the case in January after a lead steered investigators off the reservation and into another state. The agency declined comment.

      Ashley’s disappearance is just the latest trauma for the Blackfeet Nation.

      Theda New Breast, a founder of the Native Wellness Institute, has worked with Lucchesi to compile a list of missing and murdered women in the Blackfoot Confederacy — four tribes in the U.S. and Canada. Long-forgotten names are added as families break generations of silence. A few months ago, a woman revealed her grandmother had been killed in the 1950s by her husband and left in a shallow grave.

      “Everybody knew about it, but nobody talked about it,” New Breast says, and others keep coming forward — perhaps, in part, because of the #MeToo movement. “Every time I bring out the list, more women tell their secret. I think that they find their voice.”

      Though these crimes have shaken the community, “there is a tendency to be desensitized to violence,” says MacDonald, the filmmaker. “I wouldn’t call it avoidance. But if we would feel the full emotions, there would be people crying in the streets.”

      His aunt, Mabel Wells, would be among them.

      Nearly 40 years have passed since that December day when her daughter, Monica, vanished. Wells remembers every terrible moment: The police handing her Monica’s boot after it was found by a hunter and the silent scream in her head: “It’s hers! It’s hers!” Her brother describing the little girl’s coat flapping in the wind after her daughter’s body was found frozen on a mountain. The pastor’s large hands that held hers as he solemnly declared: “Monica’s with the Lord.”

      Monica’s father, Kenny Still Smoking, recalls that a medicine man told him his daughter’s abductor was a man who favored Western-style clothes and lived in a red house in a nearby town, but there was no practical way to pursue that suggestion.

      He recently visited Monica’s grave, kneeling next to a white cross peeking out from tall grass, studying his daughter’s smiling photo, cracked with age. He gently placed his palm on her name etched into a headstone. “I let her know that I’m still kicking,” he says.

      Wells visits the gravesite, too — every June 2, Monica’s birthday. She still hopes to see the perpetrator caught. “I want to sit with them and say, ‘Why? Why did you choose my daughter?’”

      Even now, she can’t help but think of Monica alone on that mountain. “I wonder if she was hollering for me, saying, ‘Mom, help!’”


      Ash-lee! Ash-lee!! Ash-lee! Ash-lee!!

      Some 20 miles northwest of Browning, the searchers have navigated a rugged road lined with barren trees scorched from an old forest fire. They have a panoramic view of majestic snowcapped mountains. A woman’s stained sweater was found here months ago, making the location worthy of another search. It’s not known whether the garment may be Ashley’s.

      First Kimberly, then Lissa Loring, call Ashley’s name — in different directions. The repetition four times by each woman is a ritual designed to beckon someone’s spirit.

      Lissa says Ashley’s disappearance constantly weighs on her. “All that plays in my head is where do we look? Who’s going to tell us the next lead?”

      That weekend at the annual North American Indian Days in Browning, the family marched in a parade with a red banner honoring missing and murdered indigenous women. They wore T-shirts with an image of Ashley and the words: “We will never give up.”

      Then Ashley’s grandmother and others took to a small arena for what’s known as a blanket dance, to raise money for the search. As drums throbbed, they grasped the edges of a blue blanket. Friends stepped forward, dropping in cash, some tearfully embracing Ashley’s relatives.

      The past few days reminded Kimberly of a promise she’d made to Ashley when their mother was wrestling with substance abuse problems and the girls were briefly in a foster home. Kimberly was 8 then; Ashley was just 5.

      “’We have to stick together,’” she’d told her little sister.

      “I told her I would never leave her. And if she was going to go anywhere, I would find her.”

    • Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview

      Executive summary

      In late 2013, the Commissioner of the RCMP initiated an RCMP-led study of reported incidents of missing and murdered Aboriginal women across all police jurisdictions in Canada.

      This report summarizes that effort and will guide Canadian Police operational decision-making on a solid foundation. It will mean more targeted crime prevention, better community engagement and enhanced accountability for criminal investigations. It will also assist operational planning from the detachment to national level. In sum, it reveals the following:

      Police-recorded incidents of Aboriginal female homicides and unresolved missing Aboriginal females in this review total 1,181 – 164 missing and 1,017 homicide victims.
      There are 225 unsolved cases of either missing or murdered Aboriginal females: 105 missing for more than 30 days as of November 4, 2013, whose cause of disappearance was categorized at the time as “unknown” or “foul play suspected” and 120 unsolved homicides between 1980 and 2012.
      The total indicates that Aboriginal women are over-represented among Canada’s murdered and missing women.
      There are similarities across all female homicides. Most homicides were committed by men and most of the perpetrators knew their victims — whether as an acquaintance or a spouse.
      The majority of all female homicides are solved (close to 90%) and there is little difference in solve rates between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal victims.

      This report concludes that the total number of murdered and missing Aboriginal females exceeds previous public estimates. This total significantly contributes to the RCMP’s understanding of this challenge, but it represents only a first step.

      It is the RCMP’s intent to work with the originating agencies responsible for the data herein to release as much of it as possible to stakeholders. Already, the data on missing Aboriginal women has been shared with the National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR), which will be liaising with policing partners to publish additional cases on the Canada’s Missing website. Ultimately, the goal is to make information more widely available after appropriate vetting. While this matter is without question a policing concern, it is also a much broader societal challenge.

      The collation of this data was completed by the RCMP and the assessments and conclusions herein are those of the RCMP alone. The report would not have been possible without the support and contribution of the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics at Statistics Canada.

      As with any effort of such magnitude, this report needs to be caveated with a certain amount of error and imprecision. This is for a number of reasons: the period of time over which data was collected was extensive; collection by investigators means data is susceptible to human error and interpretation; inconsistency of collection of variables over the review period and across multiple data sources; and, finally, definitional challenges.

      The numbers that follow are the best available data to which the RCMP had access to at the time the information was collected. They will change as police understanding of cases evolve, but as it stands, this is the most comprehensive data that has ever been assembled by the Canadian policing community on missing and murdered Aboriginal women.

    • Ribbons of shame: Canada’s missing and murdered Indigenous women

      In Canada, Jessie Kolvin uncovers a shameful record of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. Examining the country’s ingrained racism, she questions whether Justin Trudeau’s government has used the issue for political gain.
      In 2017, Canada celebrated its 150th birthday. The country was ablaze with pride: mountain and prairie, metropolis and suburb, were swathed in Canadian flags bearing that distinctive red maple leaf.

      My eye was accustomed to the omnipresent crimson, so when I crossed a bridge in Toronto and saw dozens of red ribbons tied to the struts, I assumed they were another symbol of national honour and celebration.

      Positive energy imbued even the graffiti at the end of the bridge, which declared that, “Tout est possible”. I reflected that perhaps it really was possible to have a successful democracy that was progressive and inclusive and kind: Canada was living proof.

      Then my friend spoke briefly, gravely: “These are a memorial to the missing and murdered Indigenous* women.”

      In a moment, my understanding of Canada was revolutionised. I was compelled to learn about the Indigenous women and girls – believed to number around 4,000, although the number continues to rise – whose lives have been violently taken.

      No longer did the red of the ribbons represent Canadian pride; suddenly it signified Canadian shame, and Indigenous anger and blood.

      At home, I Googled: “missing and murdered Indigenous women”. It returned 416,000 results all peppered with the shorthand “MMIW”, or “MMIWG” to include girls. The existence of the acronym suggested that this was not some limited or niche concern.

      It was widespread and, now at least, firmly in the cultural and political consciousness.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      The oldest is 83, the youngest nine months. A random click yields the story of Angela Williams, a mother of three girls, who went missing in 2001 and was found dumped in a ditch beside a rural road in British Columbia.

      Another offers Tanya Jane Nepinak, who in 2011 didn’t return home after going to buy a pizza a few blocks away. A man has been charged with second-degree murder in relation to her disappearance, but her body has never been found.

      The description records that her sister, Jane, has “repeatedly called for a national inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women.”

      According to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Native American women constitute just 4.3% of the Canadian population but 16% of homicide victims. It isn’t a mystery as to why.

      Indigenous peoples are less likely than white Canadians to complete their education, more likely to be jobless, more likely to live in insecure housing, and their health – both physical and mental – is worse.

      Alcoholism and drug abuse abound, and Indigenous women are more likely to work in the sex trade. These environments breed vulnerability and violence, and violence tends to be perpetrated against women.

      Amnesty International has stated that Indigenous women in particular tend to be targeted because the “police in Canada have often failed to provide Indigenous women with an adequate standard of protection”.

      When police do intervene in Indigenous communities, they are often at best ineffectual and at worst abusive. Indigenous women are not, it appears, guaranteed their “right to life, liberty and security of the person” enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

      It didn’t take me long to realise that many of these problems – Indigenous women’s vulnerability, the violence perpetrated against them, the failure to achieve posthumous justice – can be partly blamed on the persistence of racism.

      Successive governments have failed to implement substantial change. Then Prime Minister Stephen Harper merely voiced what had previously been tacit when he said in 2014 that the call for an inquiry “isn’t really high on our radar”.

      If this is believable of Harper, it is much less so of his successor Justin Trudeau. With his fresh face and progressive policies, I had heralded his arrival. Many Native Americans shared my optimism.

      For Trudeau certainly talked the talk: just after achieving office, he told the Assembly of First Nations that: “It is time for a renewed, nation-to-nation relationship with First Nations peoples, one that understands that the constitutionally guaranteed rights of First Nations in Canada are not an inconvenience but rather a sacred obligation.”

      Trudeau committed to setting up a national public inquiry which would find the truth about why so many Indigenous women go missing and are murdered, and which would honour them.
      #disparitions #racisme #xénophobie

  • ONU : Les Etats-Unis s’opposent à une protection internationale pour les civils palestiniens

    Sans surprise, les Etats-Unis ont mis leur veto, vendredi 1er juin, à un texte présenté par le Koweït au Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies (ONU) qui demandait une protection du peuple palestinien et qui condamnait l’usage indiscriminé et disproportionné de la force par Israël contre les manifestants dans la bande de Gaza.

    Quelques minutes plus tard, les Etats-Unis ont présenté un texte concurrent qui condamnait les agissements, cette fois, du Hamas. Washington tient le mouvement islamiste – qui contrôle la bande de Gaza depuis 2007 – pour seul responsable des violences qui ont fait plus d’une centaine de morts et 4 000 blessés par balles depuis le 30 mars.

    Une première dans les annales du Conseil de sécurité, Washington n’a recueilli qu’une seule voix positive : la sienne. Sa représentante, Nikki Haley, a immédiatement dénoncé un vote « qui montre d’évidence que les Nations unies sont irrémédiablement biaisées à l’égard d’Israël ».

    Washington, principal allié de l’Etat hébreu, n’avait pourtant pas manqué d’exercer une très forte pression sur les Etats membres du Conseil de sécurité pour faire échouer le texte du Koweït, décrochant même l’abstention de quatre pays (Royaume-Uni, Ethiopie, Pologne, Pays-Bas) dont trois des cinq membres européens du Conseil. Ces derniers ont dénoncé le manque d’équilibre du texte koweïtien qui ne faisait aucune mention du rôle du Hamas et du Djihad islamique palestinien qui ont tiré une soixantaine de roquettes contre Israël, le 29 mai, sans faire de blessés. La France, qui a voté en faveur, avait appelé à faire preuve « de pragmatisme et de réalisme » malgré un texte « qui n’est pas parfait » et qui aurait dû aussi « établir clairement la responsabilité du Hamas et condamner explicitement les tirs de roquettes ».

  • Importants développements syriens

    Il y a une semaine, nous écrivions : Désormais, tous les regards se tournent vers le sud et Deraa, où les barbus modérément modérés ont reçu un avertissement final avant l’offensive. Les forces loyalistes affluent, y compris les milices palestiniennes...

    • Début mai, le Département d’Etat a arrêté de financer les Casques blancs, dans le silence assourdissant de la presstituée occidentale qui portait aux nues ces barbus « sauveteurs », à l’origine du false flag de la Ghouta. Et pas plus tard qu’hier, Washington s’est enfin cru obligé de comprendre, avec un an de retard, qu’Hayat Tahrir al-Cham était, ô surprise, le nouveau nom d’Al Qaeda en Syrie et a placé l’organisation sur sa liste de groupes terroristes.

      Deux décisions qui semblent indiquer un changement de cap impérial. A suivre...

  • Bataille navale à distance en mer de Chine - Libération

    Mais cette fois, Washington a décidé de réagir par une mesure symbolique, en annonçant ce mercredi l’exclusion de la Chine du Rim of the Pacific (#RIMPAC), les plus importantes manœuvres maritimes mondiales, qui doivent avoir lieu à partir de la fin du mois de juin dans le Pacifique. « La poursuite par la Chine de la militarisation de possessions disputées dans la mer de Chine méridionale ne fait qu’attiser les tensions et déstabiliser la région », a déclaré le porte-parole du Pentagone, ajoutant que ce comportement n’était « pas compatible avec les principes et les objectifs de l’exercice RIMPAC ». Le timing de cette exclusion, annoncée le jour même de la visite du ministre des Affaires étrangères chinois à Washington tombe comme un camouflet pour Pékin.

    #mer_de_Chine_méridionale #Spratleys

  • Avec la mort de Raymond Sackler, le monde des arts perd un immense philanthrope par Le Quotidien de l’Art

    Scientifique de renom, connu pour avoir commercialisé l’OxyContin, un puissant analgésique, aussi bien que pour son activité de mécénat, Raymond Sackler est décédé le 17 juillet 2017 à l’âge de 97 ans. Avec son épouse Beverly Sackler, il a été un grand bienfaiteur du Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York. En témoignent la Raymond and Beverly Sackler Gallery du département d’art assyrien et, plus encore, l’aile baptisée Sackler, regroupant les centres de recherche sur l’histoire des arts chinois et japonais et abritant les vestiges du temple d’Isis de Dendour. Donateurs également du British Museum de Londres, une aile du musée porte leur nom, au sein du département du Proche-Orient et de l’Égypte ancienne. Leurs dons ont par ailleurs permis la restauration de la stèle de victoire du roi Narâm-Sîn du Louvre, une pièce majeure du département des Antiquités orientales. Il a également laissé son empreinte à la Smithsonian Institution de Washington avec la Freer et Sackler Gallery. Honoré de plusieurs distinctions comme celle de Chevalier de l’Ordre de l’Empire britannique, il avait été fait en France Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur puis, en 2013, Officier de la Légion d’honneur.

    #Opiides #Sackler #Raymond_Sackler