Très important entretien accordé par Wolfgang Streeck le 7 juillet à l’Espresso et désormais disponible en anglais.

    Wolfgang Streeck dirige l’Institut d’Etudes sociales Max Planck de Cologne - son livre « Du temps acheté » a récemment été publié par Gallimard.

    ‘The euro is not Europe’. Wolfgang Streeck suggests this as a basis for an accurate analysis of the negotiations over the Greek debt. ‘The equation between the monetary union and Europe is simply ideology, and serves to conceal prosaic interests’, the director of Cologne’s Max-Planck Institute for the Study of Societies explains.

    The interests of the countries of Northern Europe, against those of the South; of international finance against the peoples of the Mediterranean; of the ‘market people’ [Marktvolk] against the ‘state people’ [Staatvolk]; of capitalism against democracy. For the author of Buying Time: The Delayed Crisis of Democratic Capitalism, the Greek case in fact merely represents the latest variant of a process dissolving the postwar democratic capitalist system. That is, the system that had fought to hold democracy and capitalism together in a fragile and unstable combination, and which gave rise to a social pact that has now exploded.

    Even in Europe. And precisely because of a European Union that has become ‘the engine of the liberalisation of European capitalism, a tool of neoliberalism’. And because of a single currency that serves ‘the market’s interests’. For Wolfgang Streeck, one of today’s most influential sociologists, if we are to get out of the vicious circle of a free-market Europe condemned to austerity, we must start by renouncing the euro as a single currency. With a new European Bretton Woods.

    #monnaie #dette #Grèce #Allemagne #Etalon_Or #austérité

  • Moving walls

    The management of migration flows over the last ten years has created a vast laboratory of repression in Europe. Public opinion has always been encouraged to consider the European Union an expression of historical achievements: breaking down borders, freedom of movement, and prosperity for everybody. In reality, these achievements are only valid for European citizens. Today, Europe is a fortress made up of laws, regulations, and concrete walls designed to deny entry. I started this project in late 2010 in the region of Evros, Greece, with the journalist Fabrizo Gatti on assignment for L’Espresso. There was talk of building a 12 km long fence, to block the migration flows at the only part of the border not on the river Evros, the natural border between Greece and Turkey. Almost seventy percent of the immigrants choose this stretch of land in order to enter Europe. We patrolled it for days. Every night we met groups of people who crossed it in small boats. Many arrived frozen, with wet clothes. In winter, temperatures are below zero. Without any assistance. Many of them do not make it. Detention centers are waiting for them, where they are detained for months under inhumane conditions. No one can help them without risking the crime of aiding and abetting illegal immigration and being arrested. A similar story applies to those trying to cross the border in Morocco and trying to enter the Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla. In 2005 a mass assault of some 600 migrants led to the deaths of ten people. A hundred more were injured. The result: Europe has reinforced the metal barriers that surround the enclaves. Today two six meter high and 12 km long walls surround Ceuta and Melilla. But this has not stopped

    migration. Immigrants try to cross by swimming or with the help of __________

    drug traffickers who cram them inside cars or specially modified vans in unbearable conditions. Some of them drown, others risk asphyxia. In March this year the last two died, drowned in the hope of entering Europe. I saw their bodies still lying in the cold store waiting for someone to chose the type of burial. Christian or Muslim. Many immigrants arrive at Ceuta and Melilla from the southern Sahara after exhausting journeys. They believe they have already arrived in Europe, but the special laws of the Spanish enclaves manage to hold them there for years, in a sort of limbo. They are forced to live in shantytowns to escape from the police, who seek to identify and then expel them forcibly with their continuous interventions. I also documented from January to May 2011 the state of emergency in Italy after the massive landing of Tunisian migrants on Italian shores during the so-called Arab Spring. Many of them making for the island of Lampedusa, which for years has stood as a prominent symbol of the fight that Europe and the Italian government have waged against irregular migration in the Mediterranean region. With this project I am trying to tell the story of Europe’s borders. Getting to know the places of transit, the conflicts and contradictions of the boundary between Europe and the world has shaped and affected me. The fences by which Europe has surrounding itself do not stop migration, but make the situation even more dramatic and violent. Over the past 14 years about 17000 immigrants have died in the Mediterranean trying to cross the material and virtual walls that surround the European Union today. 60 times more people than those who have lost their lives attempting to cross the Berlin Wall in 28 years. And the numbers will increase year by year.

    #Evros #Grèce #Turquie #photographie #migration #frontière #mur #barrière_frontalière #Giovanni_Cocco #asile #réfugiés

    Sur la page personnelle du photographe :

  • Così abbiamo indagato sulla strage dei bimbi

    “L’Espresso” pubblica questa settimana, nel numero in edicola, i risultati dell’inchiesta sulla strage dei bambini siriani, avvenuta l’11 ottobre a 60 miglia a Sud di #Lampedusa.

    –-> L’Espresso publie cette semaine, les résultats de l’enquête sur le massacre des enfants Syriens, advenue le 11 octobre à 60 milles à Sud de Lampedusa...

    Un’indagine nostra, giornalistica. Non della magistratura. E i risultati sono agghiaccianti: mentre dal peschereccio che stava affondando supplicavano l’aiuto dell’Italia, la nave Libra della Marina militare era a poche miglia. Ma per ore non è stata coinvolta nelle operazioni di salvataggio. L’hanno mobilitata soltanto dopo il rovesciamento dell’imbarcazione piena di famiglie e bimbi. In quelle stesse ore la Guardia costiera, che aveva ricevuto la prima richiesta di soccorso, ha passato l’intervento a Malta. Nonostante gli italiani fossero molto più vicini al punto dell’imminente naufragio. “Abbiamo rispettato gli accordi internazionali”, dicono ora dal comando di Roma delle Capitanerie di porto. Ecco come sono morte oltre 260 persone: tra i sessanta e i cento bambini, i loro genitori, ragazze e ragazzi che fuggivano dalla guerra in Siria.

    –-> Une enquête journalistiques. Non pas de la magistrature. Et les résultats sont affreux : tandis que depuis le bateau en détresse les personnes à bord demandaient de l’aide à l’Italie, le navire #Libra de la marine militaire étaient à quelques milles. Mais pendant des heures il n’a pas été inclus dans les #opérations_de_sauvetage. Ils l’ont mobilisée uniquement après que le navire ait chaviré, plein de familles et d’enfants. En ces mêmes heures, la garde-côte, qui avait reçu la première requête d’aide, a donné l’intervention à Malte. Malgré les italiens étaient beaucoup plus proches du bateau en détresse. « Nous avons respecté les accords internationaux », dit maintenant la Capitaneria di porto. Voilà comment 260 personnes sont mortes : 60 à 100 enfants, leurs parents, jeunes hommes et jeunes filles qui fuyaient la guerre en Syrie.

    de #Fabrizio_Gatti

    #migration #Syrie #Italie #Malte #réfugié #asile #mourir_en_mer #Méditerranée

    • And in English!

      Lampedusa, passing the buck of responsabilities: this is how they left the Syrian children drown

      The “Libra” ship of the Italian Navy was just a few miles away from the refugees. But it wasn’t engaged in rescue operations for hours. The first call for help reached the Coast Guard station in Rome. Which in turn passed on the intervention to Malta despite Italians were closer to the site of the shipwreck. “We acted in compliance with International agreements.” This is how more than 260 people died on October 11. The shocking story on “l’Espresso”

    • Lampedusa tragedy:TMI and L’Espresso questions unanswered

      The Armed Forces of Malta yesterday categorically denied what it said was ‘insinuated’ in The Malta Independent on Sunday’s front page story, which asked if Malta tried to act alone in rescuing Syrian migrants on a sinking boat near Lampedusa.

      Sources said the Maltese government could have asked for help from a number of nearby vessels but, for some reason, had waited for a Maltese patrol boat to reach the area. Before it got there, the migrant boat capsized and 270 people lost their lives.

      In a statement the AFM said; “The Armed Forces of Malta categorically denies what the Article entitled ‘Lampedusa tragedy - a case of political bravado gone wrong?’ published on the front page of the Malta Independent on Sunday 15th December, is insinuating. The Armed Forces of Malta in the October 11th tragedy acted as according to international laws and to long established procedures . The Armed Forces of Malta’s sequence of events is substantiated by documentation.” However, no documentation has been released by the AFM.

      The Malta Independent on Sunday yesterday quoted sources saying that the events that took place on October 11 seemed to show that Malta took the riskiest option by not sending nearby vessels to the migrants’ rescue and relied instead on sending an AFM patrol boat from 230 kilometres away. The sources asked whether the Maltese government had tried to save the migrants without help from other countries.

      Documents and eyewitness accounts show that there were several nearby vessels that could have been sent to the rescue, but for unknown reasons were not. Two merchant ships, one Italian Navy warship, five Guardia Costiera launches, two Guardia di Finanza patrol boats and a number of fishing vessels were in the area. For some reason they were not called to intercept the migrant boat until after it boat capsized and sank at around 5.10pm. The Maltese patrol boat was first on site, at 5.51pm. The AFM and the Italians saved 200 people, but it is estimated that around 270 others perished.

    • #Lampedusa tragedy: Another survivor says Italy and Malta bickered on rescue

      Italy and Malta bickered over the 11 October rescue operation, each insisting that the other was responsible to save 400 migrants from a sinking boat, another survivor of the tragedy has alleged.

      In a Corriere della Sera blog, Rfaat Hazima, who is desperately calling for help to find his two lost sons – eight-year-old Mohamad and 12-year-old Ahmad– has given his own account of what happened on 11 October.

      “I, my wife and our three children left Libya on 10 October. The following day we started calling for help at noon. We called the Italian and Maltese coast guard. The Italians answered and told us that we were closer to Malta. But the Maltese were telling us the exact opposite, because they claimed that we were closer to Italy.

      After a number of tries the Italian Coast Guard told us that they would come to our rescue in 40 minutes but help did not arrive until 4.40pm. By that time we were in the water. At this point I lost sight of my three sons. A few minutes later I spotted my eldest – Anas – but there was no sign of Mohamad and Ahmad. We were alone in the water and there was no sign of the Italians or the Maltese. After 20 minutes I spotted my wife. We waited for another hour until a helicopter came over and dropped a life raft.

      As soon as I put my wife and son onto the raft I went looking for my other sons. Then the Maltese boat arrived, followed by the Italian vessel a few minutes later. The Maltese were picking up adults and children, but the Italians were picking up only children. They refused to let me board. I kept searching for my children for around four hours and when I lost all hope I returned to my wife and my eldest son on the raft.

      Later on we were picked up by the Maltese boat and we were taken to Malta. A certain Dr Maamun Abras told me that he had seen my sons on board the Italian patrol boat and assured me that they were alive and I would see them again. Two weeks after we arrived in Malta Italy sent pictures of the survivors but there were no pictures of my sons. A week later they sent us pictures of those who had died, but once again, there were no pictures of my sons.”

      #témoignage #survivant #mourir_en_mer

  • #Lampedusa shipwreak: those 268 deads could have been avoided

    The death of 268 Syrian refugees, who drowned on October 11th off the coast of Lampedusa, could have been avoided. A report conducted by “L’Espresso” has reconstructed the incredible conduct of Italian authorities and the effects of European regulations. Three distress calls via satellite were totally ignored. Two hours of waiting at sea. Only to discover that Italy hadn’t dispatched any aircraft, any Navy ship, any Coast Guard patrol boat. On the contrary, the Italian operations centre informed the refugees adrift at 100 kilometres from Lampedusa that they were supposed to call Malta – which was at least 230 kilometres away. Two hours wasted: from 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. that Friday, October 11th. Had Italians been activated sooner, or had they immediately passed the alarm on to their colleagues in Valletta, the carnage could have been avoided.

    #migration #mourir_en_mer #asile #réfugié #syrien #photo