• Gabriel #Nadeau-Dubois : « Nous ne sommes pas là pour être la conscience morale du parlement, mais pour prendre le pouvoir et transformer la société québécoise »
    https://lemediapresse.fr/international/gabriel-nadeau-dubois-nous-ne-sommes-pas-la-pour-etre-la-conscience-mo

    Pour comprendre l’actualité de la #Gauche québécoise, un entretien avec Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois, figure de la contestation étudiante de 2012, député et porte-parole de #Québec Solidaire, jeune parti qui renouvelle le legs de la gauche indépendantiste au sein de la « Belle Province ».

    #Idées #International #Canada #Ecologie #FLQ #GND #Indépendance #indépendantisme #Nation #Pétrole #PQ #QS

  • Le vrai « drame de Condé-sur-Sarthe », c’est son existence même
    http://lenvolee.net/le-vrai-drame-de-conde-sur-sarthe-cest-son-existence-meme

    « Avec cette lettre motivée, je viens à vous qui êtes à l’extérieur afin de faire entendre nos voix. Je suis un des détenus longues peines de France actuellement incarcérés dans une des maisons centrales (MC) ou quartiers maison centrale (QMC) telles que Valence, Réau, Condé-sur-Sarthe et Vendin-le-Vieil. Ces nouvelles structures sont en fait des #QHS (quartiers de haute sécurité) ou des #QSR (quartiers de sécurité renforcée). Les nouvelles prisons françaises sont copiées sur le format canadien, et se dirigent vers l’américanisation. Ces systèmes pénitentiaires ultradurs sont basés sur des fonctionnements répressifs et pervers. Nous sommes passés de personnes détenues à bétail. Certains diront aussi : cobayes. Nous ne sommes pas considérés comme des humains, ni des citoyens. Torture psychologique, psychique, voire même physique lors des fouilles à nu qui sont pourtant interdites et abusives. (…) L’oppression, la frustration, la stigmatisation mises en place par la pénitentiaire, la sursécurité font que certains craquent parfois, et les rares fois où des violences sont commises sur le personnel, elles sont surmédiatisées par les syndicats FO et CGT Pénitentiaire, nous faisant passer pour des gens dangereux, violents et mauvais aux yeux de la société. (…) Les bâtiments sont neufs, et modernes, mais le fonctionnement et les règlementations internes sont indignes. Nous voudrions, si des personnes se sentent de nous aider, continuer à dénoncer les conditions de détention et les fonctionnements archaïques type QHS/QSR des établissements cités dans cette lettre. Alors multipliez les manifestations devant ces lieux et devant les ministères concernés. Avec médias à l’appui, comme eux le font systématiquement contre nous. Que les détenus se réveillent aussi, car cela ne va faire qu’empirer pour nos proches et nous-mêmes. »

    Romain L.

    https://fr-fr.facebook.com/syndicatPRP
    http://www.lenvolee.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/lenvolee-19-03-15.mp3


    http://lenvolee.net/tag/conde-sur-sarthe

    #lenvolée #prison

  • GB : des centaines de restaurants KFC fermés Le figaro — AFP - 21/02/2018
    http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2018/02/21/97002-20180221FILWWW00018-gb-des-centaines-de-restaurants-kfc-fermes.php

    Des centaines de restaurants KFC au Royaume-Uni demeuraient fermés mercredi en raison d’une pénurie de poulets due à des problèmes de livraisons, provoquant la risée voire le désespoir de nombreux consommateurs. Environ 450 des 900 restaurants Kentucky Fried Chicken britanniques étaient toujours fermés, contre plus des deux tiers lundi juste après le début de la crise d’approvisionnement, a indiqué KFC.
    . . . . . .
    En cause, des problèmes rencontrés avec la société allemande DHL, son nouveau partenaire pour la livraison de poulets confronté à des « problèmes opérationnels ».
    . . . . . .
    KFC n’a pu préciser le coût pour le groupe de la crise, qui a débuté au cours du week-end avec le transfert du contrat de livraison du sud-africain Bidvest à DHL. "Nous avons signé un contrat de livraison avec un nouveau partenaire mais ils rencontrent quelques difficultés initiales, l’expédition de poulet frais dans 900 restaurants à travers le pays est assez complexe", a expliqué KFC
    . . . . . .
    Le député travailliste Neil Coyle a dit avoir été contacté par des consommateurs « déçus » tandis que les accros en manque ont conduit la police londonienne à tweeter : « S’il vous plaît ne pas nous contactez au sujet de la crise KFC - ce n’est pas un problème relevant de la police si votre restaurant préféré ne peut pas vous servir le menu que vous désirez ».
    . . . . . .
    C’est comme ça que commence l’apocalypse", a écrit sur Twitter l’utilisateur @jonevans78 tandis que @Brad_Langford s’interroge : « Comme la nation va-t-elle s’en sortir ? ». 
    . . . . . .
    Le syndicat GMB a dit avoir prévenu la direction de KFC des conséquences d’un changement de livreur, motivée par la volonté de faire des économies. Cette décision a causé la perte de 255 emplois et la fermeture d’un dépôt de Bidvest, qui opérait à partir de plusieurs « centres de distributions au Royaume-Uni » alors que « DHL tente maintenant de faire la même chose à partir d’un seul », a-t-il déploré dans un communiqué.
    . . . . . .
    Le directeur général des opérations de vente de DHL, John Boulter, a assuré que sa société s’efforçait de « retrouver le plus vite possible un service de livraison normal » et qu’elle étudiait « les raisons » des problèmes de livraison. 
    . . . . . .

    #kfc #DHL #MDR #bêtise #incompétence #poulet #incompétence #transports #junk_food #malbouffe #Logistique #apocalypse #malbouffe #beurk

    • #KFC change de livreur pour retrouver du poulet
      http://www.lessentiel.lu/fr/economie/story/KFC-change-de-livreur-pour-retrouver-du-poulet-24143267
      Le géant américain du poulet frit a rappelé son ex-entreprise de livraison au Royaume-Uni, après de gros problèmes d’approvisionnement avec le nouveau livreur.

      « Bidvest Logistics est ravie de confirmer avoir signé un contrat de long terme pour l’approvisionnement de jusqu’à 350 restaurants KFC dans le nord du Royaume-Uni », a annoncé cette entreprise de logistique qui avait vu son précédent contrat avec le groupe prendre fin dernièrement. À la mi-février, le contrat de livraison de l’essentiel des 900 restaurants KFC du Royaume-Uni était passé de Bidvest aux entreprises #DHL et #QSL, mais l’enseigne américaine de #fast_food avait reconnu peu après que ses nouveaux livreurs connaissaient des problèmes.

      KFC avait dû fermer jusqu’à 700 restaurants pendant quelques jours.
      . . . . . .

  • Can research quality be measured quantitatively?

    In this article I reflect on ways in which the neoliberal university and its administrative counterpart, #new_public_management (NPM), affect academic publishing activity. One characteristic feature of NPM is the urge to use simple numerical indicators of research output as a tool to allocate funding and, in practice if not in theory, as a means of assessing research quality. This ranges from the use of journal impact factors (IF) and ranking of journals to publication points to determine what types of work in publishing is counted as meritorious for funding allocation. I argue that it is a fallacy to attempt to assess quality of scholarship through quantitative measures of publication output. I base my arguments on my experiences of editing a Norwegian geographical journal over a period of 16 years, along with my experiences as a scholar working for many years within the Norwegian university system.

    https://fennia.journal.fi/forthcoming/article/66602/27160
    https://fennia.journal.fi/forthcoming/view/index
    #qualité #recherche #quantitativisme #université #édition_scientifique #publications_scientifiques #indicateurs #indicateurs_numériques #impact_factor #impact-factor #ranking

    • How global university rankings are changing higher education

      EARLIER this month Peking University played host to perhaps the grandest global gathering ever of the higher-education business. Senior figures from the world’s most famous universities—Harvard and Yale, Oxford and Cambridge among them—enjoyed or endured a two-hour opening ceremony followed by a packed programme of mandatory cultural events interspersed with speeches lauding “Xi Jinping thought”. The party was thrown to celebrate Peking University’s 120th birthday—and, less explicitly, China’s success in a race that started 20 years ago.

      In May 1998 Jiang Zemin, China’s president at the time, announced Project 985, named for the year and the month. Its purpose was to create world-class universities. Nian Cai Liu, a professor of polymeric materials science and engineering at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, got swept up in this initiative. “I asked myself many questions, including: what is the definition of and criteria for a world-class university? What are the positions of top Chinese universities?” Once he started benchmarking them against foreign ones, he found that “governments, universities and stakeholders from all around the world” were interested. So, in 2003, he produced the first ranking of 500 leading global institutions. Nobody, least of all the modest Professor Liu, expected the Shanghai rankings to be so popular. “Indeed, it was a real surprise.”

      People are suckers for league tables, be they of wealth, beauty, fame—or institutions of higher education. University rankings do not just feed humanity’s competitive urges. They are also an important source of consumer intelligence about a good on which people spend huge amounts of time and money, and about which precious little other information is available. Hence the existence of national league tables, such as US News & World Report’s ranking of American universities. But the creation of global league tables—there are now around 20, with Shanghai, the Times Higher Education (THE) and QS the most important—took the competition to a new level. It set not just universities, but governments, against each other.

      When the Shanghai rankings were first published, the “knowledge economy” was emerging into the global consciousness. Governments realised that great universities were no longer just sources of cultural pride and finishing schools for the children of the well-off, but the engines of future prosperity—generators of human capital, of ideas and of innovative companies.

      The rankings focused the minds of governments, particularly in countries that did badly. Every government needed a few higher-educational stars; any government that failed to create them had failed its people and lost an important global race. Europe’s poor performance was particularly galling for Germany, home of the modern research university. The government responded swiftly, announcing in 2005 an Exzellenzinitiative to channel money to institutions that might become world-class universities, and has so far spent over €4.6bn ($5.5bn) on it.

      Propelled by a combination of national pride and economic pragmatism, the idea spread swiftly that this was a global competition in which all self-respecting countries should take part. Thirty-one rich and middle-income countries have announced an excellence initiative of some sort. India, where world rankings were once regarded with post-colonial disdain, is the latest to join the race: in 2016 the finance minister announced that 20 institutions would aim to become world-class universities. The most generously funded initiatives are in France, China, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. The most unrealistic targets are Nigeria’s, to get at least two universities in the world’s top 200, and Russia’s, to get five in the world’s top 100, both by 2020.

      The competition to rise up the rankings has had several effects. Below the very highest rankings, still dominated by America and western Europe—America has three of the THE’s top five slots and Britain two this year—the balance of power is shifting (see chart). The rise of China is the most obvious manifestation. It has 45 universities in the Shanghai top 500 and is now the only country other than Britain or America to have two universities in the THE’s top 30. Japan is doing poorly: its highest-ranked institution, the University of Tokyo, comes in at 48 in the THE’s table. Elsewhere, Latin America and eastern Europe have lagged behind.

      The rankings race has also increased the emphasis on research. Highly cited papers provide an easily available measure of success, and, lacking any other reliable metric, that is what the league tables are based on. None of the rankings includes teaching quality, which is hard to measure and compare. Shanghai’s is purely about research; THE and QS incorporate other measures, such as “reputation”. But since the league tables themselves are one of its main determinants, reputation is not an obviously independent variable.

      Hard times

      The research boom is excellent news for humanity, which will eventually reap the benefits, and for scientific researchers. But the social sciences and humanities are not faring so well. They tend to be at a disadvantage in rankings because there are fewer soft-science or humanities journals, so hard-science papers get more citations. Shanghai makes no allowance for that, and Professor Liu admits that his ranking tends to reinforce the dominance of hard science. Phil Baty, who edits the THE’s rankings, says they do take the hard sciences’ higher citation rates into account, scoring papers by the standards of the relevant discipline.

      The hard sciences have benefited from the bounty flowing from the “excellence initiatives”. According to a study of these programmes by Jamil Salmi, author of “The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities”, all the programmes except Taiwan’s focused on research rather than teaching, and most of them favoured STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering and mathematics). This is no doubt one of the reasons why the numbers of scientific papers produced globally nearly doubled between 2003 and 2016.

      The rankings may be contributing to a deterioration in teaching. The quality of the research academics produce has little bearing on the quality of their teaching. Indeed, academics who are passionate about their research may be less inclined to spend their energies on students, and so there may be an inverse relationship. Since students suffer when teaching quality declines, they might be expected to push back against this. But Ellen Hazelkorn, author of “Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education”, argues that students “are buying prestige in the labour market”. This means “they want to go to the highest-status university possible”—and the league tables are the only available measure of status. So students, too, in effect encourage universities to spend their money on research rather than teaching.

      The result, says Simon Marginson, Oxford University’s incoming professor of higher education, is “the distribution of teaching further down the academic hierarchy”, which fosters the growth of an “academic precariat”. These PhD students and non-tenured academics do the teaching that the star professors, hired for their research abilities, shun as a chore. The British government is trying to press universities to improve teaching, by creating a “teaching-excellence framework”; but the rating is made up of a student-satisfaction survey, dropout rates and alumni earnings—interesting, but not really a measure of teaching quality. Nevertheless, says Professor Marginson, “everybody recognises this as a problem, and everybody is watching what Britain is doing.”

      A third concern is that competition for rankings encourages stratification within university systems, which in turn exacerbates social inequality. “Excellence initiatives” funnel money to top universities, whose students, even if admission is highly competitive, tend to be the children of the well-off. “Those at the top get more government resources and those at the bottom get least,” points out Ms Hazelkorn. That’s true even in Britain, which, despite not having an excellence initiative, favours top universities through the allocation of research money. According to a study of over 120 universities by Alison Wolf of King’s College London and Andrew Jenkins of University College London, the Russell Group, a self-selected elite of 24 universities, get nearly half of the funding for the entire sector, and increased their share from 44.7% in 2001-02 to 49.1% in 2013-14.

      The rankings race draws other complaints. Some universities have hired “rankings managers”, which critics argue is not a good use of resources. Saudi Arabian universities have been accused of giving highly cited academics lucrative part-time contracts and requiring them to use their Saudi affiliation when publishing.

      Intellectual citizens of nowhere

      Notwithstanding its downsides, the rankings race has encouraged a benign trend with far-reaching implications: internationalisation. The top level of academia, particularly in the sciences, is perhaps the world’s most international community, as Professor Marginson’s work shows. Whereas around 4% of first-degree students in the OECD study abroad, a quarter of PhD students do. Research is getting more global: 22% of science and engineering papers were internationally co-authored in 2016, up from 16% in 2003. The rankings, which give marks for international co-authorship, encourage this trend. That is one reason why Japan, whose universities are as insular as its culture, lags. As research grows—in 2000-14 the annual number of PhDs awarded rose by half in America, doubled in Britain and quintupled in China—so does the size and importance of this multinational network.

      Researchers work together across borders on borderless problems—from climate change to artificial intelligence. They gather at conferences, spend time in each other’s universities and spread knowledge and scholarship across the world. Forced to publish in English, they share at least one language. They befriend each other, marry each other and support each other, politically as well as intellectually. Last year, for instance, when Cambridge University Press blocked online access to hundreds of articles on sensitive subjects, including the Tiananmen Square massacre, at the request of the Chinese government, it faced international protests, and an American academic launched a petition which was signed by over 1,500 academics around the world. CUP backed down.

      The rankings race is thus marked by a happy irony. Driven in part by nationalistic urges, it has fostered the growth of a community that knows no borders. Critics are right that governments and universities obsess too much about rankings. Yet the world benefits from the growth of this productive, international body of scholars.


      https://www.economist.com/international/2018/05/19/how-global-university-rankings-are-changing-higher-education?frsc=dg%7Ce

      #Chine #classement_de_Shanghai #compétition #classement #ranking #QS #Times_Higher_Education #THE #excellence #Exzellenzinitiative #Allemagne #Inde #France #Singapour #Taïwan #Corée_du_Sud #Nigeria #Russie #USA #Etats-Unis #Angleterre #UK #recherche #publications #publications_scientifiques #enseignement #réputation #sciences_sociales #sciences_dures #précarité #précarisation #travail #inégalités #anglais #langue #internationalisation #globalisation #mondialisation

      La fin est très en phase avec le journal qui a publié cet article, hélas :

      Critics are right that governments and universities obsess too much about rankings. Yet the world benefits from the growth of this productive, international body of scholars.

      La première version de cet article a été apparemment corrigée :

      Correction (May 22nd, 2018): An earlier version of this piece suggested that non-English data and books are not included in the rankings. This is incorrect. The article has been amended to remove that assertion.

      –-> mais en fait, en réalité, il n’aurait pas dû l’être. Pour avoir expérimenté moi-même une fois le #H-index sur ma liste de publications, je peux vous dire qu’aucun article en d’autres langues que l’anglais avait été retenu dans l’index. Et même pas tous les articles en anglais que j’ai publiés...

  • La mesure de soi pour remédier à l’allergie ? - Quartz
    http://alireailleurs.tumblr.com/post/130048976074

    Akshat Rathi était à la conférence #quantified_self Europe, explique-t-il sur Quartz, où il a rencontré Thomas Blomseth Cristiansen, un ingénieur qui depuis 5 ans, mesure ses éternuements pour réduire son allergie aux pollens. Comme le résume Slate.fr : “Pour réduire son exposition au pollen et améliorer sa résistance, il a commencé à faire des rinçages du nez et surtout à déménager dans une zone moins exposée. Il a également abandonné certains alimenté et privilégié l’eau dès qu’il le pouvait. Résultat, il a éternué cette année quatre fois moins qu’en 2012. « Cet été, pour la première fois dans ma vie, j’ai coupé l’herbe de la cabine de mes parents, et je n’ai pas éternué une seule fois », (...)

    #qs #santé

  • le CTO de la CIA donne un exemple de data « banal » qui permet d’inférer des choses sur le porteur du capteur en parlant... de son fitbit !
    #privacy #QS #capteurs
    Even the CIA is struggling to deal with the volume of real-time social data — Tech News and Analysis
    http://gigaom.com/2013/03/20/even-the-cia-is-struggling-to-deal-with-the-volume-of-real-time-social-data/2

    I actually carry a Fitbit. You guys know the Fitbit, right? It’s just a simple 3-axis accelerometer. We like these things because they don’t have any – well, I won’t go into that [laughter]. What happens is, they discovered that just simply by looking at the data what they can find out is with pretty good accuracy what your gender is, whether you’re tall or you’re short, whether you’re heavy or light, but what’s really most intriguing is that you can be 100% guaranteed to be identified by simply your gait – how you walk.

    Now this could be a really good thing. Think about this as a security app. If you’re walking along and you want to access your bank code, maybe it could become simplified because they can with absolute assurance know it’s you by your gait trying to do something with your bank. On the other hand, if you don’t want to be found or you want to protect yourself, maybe you don’t want to have somebody know what your gait looks like so they can figure out where you are at all times.

  • Un nouveau type de magnétisme révolutionnaire
    http://www.gizmodo.fr/2012/12/25/nouveau-type-magnetisme-revolutionnaire.html

    A l’Institut de Technologie du Massachusetts (MIT), des chercheurs étudient un phénomène physique très ancien, le magnétisme. Une équipe l’a poussé à son paroxysme en découvrant un nouveau type de magnétisme qui pourrait créer des superconducteurs plus facilement et des … Continuer la lecture →

    Source : gizmodo.fr - Morgan

    #magnétisme #MIT #QSL