region:northern china

  • Breaking #blockchain — A Framework to Evaluate Blockchain Use Cases
    https://hackernoon.com/breaking-blockchain-a-framework-to-evaluate-blockchain-use-cases-9efbc30

    Breaking Blockchain — A Framework to Evaluate Blockchain Use CasesHow to identify a true blockchain use case with 11 questionsThe reality behind the hypeI was born in a medium-sized city in Northern China named Harbin, a place that is mostly famous for two things: beer (the first beer brewery in China was founded here) and ice sculpture. Cutting edge technology is rather remote to the city of Harbin. Dad was a retired businessman who spent most of his life in the hospitality business sector. In one of my recent visits home, dad asked what I have been busy with lately and I told him that I had been busy with something called “Blockchain”. His answer shocked me, “I know what that is”. When my old man told me that even he knows blockchain, then I knew for sure that there is huge hype about (...)

    #blockchain-evaluation #blockchain-use-cases #blockchain-technology #chili-sauce-framework

  • China takes surveillance to new heights with flock of robotic Doves, but do they come in peace? | South China Morning Post
    http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2152027/china-takes-surveillance-new-heights-flock-robotic-doves-do-they

    One experiment in northern China’s Inner Mongolia involved flying the birds over a flock of sheep – animals that are well known for their keen sense of hearing and ability to be easily spooked. The flock paid no attention whatsoever to the drone flying above, the person said.

    Although the technology is still in its early stages of development, its wide range of possible uses – not only for the police and military, but also in the fields of emergency response and disaster relief, environmental protection and urban planning – means the market for the drones could be worth 10 billion yuan (US$1.54 billion) in China alone, the researcher said.

    #chine #drones #surveillance #Xinjiang
    #persécutions

  • Alibaba’s next moon shot is to make cities adapt to their human inhabitants, technology seer says | South China Morning Post
    http://www.scmp.com/tech/innovation/article/2123856/alibabas-tech-seer-sees-making-cities-adapt-their-inhabitants-next

    Wang Jian was once called crazy by Jack Ma Yun, the founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group Holding, for suggesting that the company could have its own mobile operating system.

    That vision, however, proved prescient as smartphones powered by the company’s YunOS mobile operating platform, which was developed by its Alibaba Cloud subsidiary, surpassed 100 million units last year.

    In addition, many of the Hangzhou-based e-commerce company’s recent innovations are rooted in Alibaba Cloud, known as Aliyun in China, as domestic demand for data centre facilities and on-demand computing services delivered over the internet have grown rapidly.

    “It’s not about whether I’m crazy or not, it’s about this era,” Wang, the chairman of Alibaba’s technology steering committee, said in an interview in Hong Kong, where he met with some journalists to talk about his new book Being Online. “[This] is a crazy era, so many new things are happening.”

    Wang, 55, said the city of tomorrow should be able to adapt to its surroundings and inhabitants, almost like a living organism, so that municipal services like public transport, health care and education can be delivered in the right measure and time to minimise waste and optimise usage.

    Alibaba says it is on track to overtake Amazon as world’s top cloud computing services firm

    To that end, a city’s development would be better determined in future by the amount of computing resources it consumes, said Wang. At present, electricity consumption is widely regarded as the measure of development for cities, he added.

    Similarly, the day-to-day behaviour of a city’s residents now has little impact on how a city is organised as well as the way its services are planned and developed, said Wang. That would change with advanced computing technologies that are able to track human behaviour.

    “Do you want to take the bus, or is it because it’s been put there so you’re taking it?” asked Wang, using fixed bus routes as an example of how a city’s services are rigid and do not adapt quickly to changing patterns in the behaviour of its residents.

    Citing the example of a project in northern China, where railway workers were able to tell staff canteens along the line of which meals they plan to have, operators of these dining halls were able to prepare the right amount of food, leading to less waste. [Alibaba Group Holding’s annual Singles’ Day shopping festival on November 11 is a testament to the way cloud computing has changed the retail industry in China. Photo: Edward Wong]

    In its home market in the eastern coastal Chinese city of Hangzhou, Alibaba has created a so-called City Brain that uses artificial intelligence – specifically, deep learning technology that teaches computers to learn and perform tasks based on classifying data – to send out instant traffic alerts and route suggestions to motorists.

    Alibaba said traffic speed has improved by up to 11 per cent in one of Hangzhou’s districts, and that several other cities in China were now implementing smart transport programmes.

    Neil Wang, the Greater China president of consultancy firm Frost & Sullivan, said integrating technology into a city’s operations enabled traffic to be monitored in real-time and fed back to users, allowing drivers to check traffic conditions and adjust their route during the journey, or even find a vacant parking space via a mobile app.

    “Creating a sustainable and self-conscious city with the help of big data technology is the main idea behind this approach,” said Wang. “Smart cities can use the latest digital technologies to improve their resource allocation, as well as the quality of life for their residents. In particular, transport, health care, and education are some of the key areas that will benefit.”

    The global smart cities market, which comprises of interrelated domains that impact urban living, is forecast to reach US$1.2 trillion by 2019, according to research company Technavio in a report published in February. These domains include industry automation, smart grid, security, education, home and building, health care, transport, and water and waste.
    Smart cities can use the latest digital technologies to improve their resource allocation, as well as the quality of life for their residents.

    New York-listed Alibaba, which owns the South China Morning Post, is not alone in trying to make cities more adaptable to human behaviour. Many other companies, including Google owner Alphabet, are involved in various projects around the world that integrate information technology with city planning.

    In October, Alibaba said it will double research and development spending to US$15 billion over the next three years to develop futuristic technologies that could transform whole industries, or so-called moon shot projects. To do that, the company will set up research labs around the world and hire scientists.

    For Wang, Alibaba’s annual Singles’ Day shopping festival on November 11 is a testament to the way cloud computing has changed the way people shop in China. This year’s edition of the 24-hour shopping promotion chalked up a record of more than US$25 billion in sales.

    The event is made possible by the coming together of mobile payments, e-commerce and back-end logistics underpinned by cloud computing.

    Smart cities: Digital world unlocks door to the future

    “If you think about it, being able to shop at night while tucked into bed, and having that parcel land on your doorstep the next day is in itself crazy,” Wang said.

    There will be more inventions that today may look wacky but could be the norm of tomorrow, Wang said. Citing the example of Thomas Edison’s light bulb, which made it possible to demonstrate the usage of electricity, he said future applications on the internet may exceed the limits of human imagination today.

    “We’re just at the beginning of the beginning of the beginning.”

    Additional reporting by Zen Soo
    This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: Smart cities next idea in tech chief’s crazy era

    #Chine #e-commerce #smart-cities #surveillance #disruption

  • China close to completing first offshore nuclear reactor | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-nuclearpower-offshore/china-close-to-completing-first-offshore-nuclear-reactor-idUSKBN1D0048

    China’s first offshore nuclear reactor is set to be completed soon, engineers involved in the project said, bolstering Beijing’s maritime ambitions and stoking concerns about the potential use of atomic power in disputed island territories.

    Beijing hopes offshore reactors will not only help win new markets, but also support state ambitions to become a “strong maritime power” by providing reliable electricity to oil and gas rigs as well as remote South China Sea islands.

    Zhang Nailiang, engineer with the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), said the technology was “mature” and the first demonstration project would be deployed soon at drilling platforms in northern China’s Bohai Sea.

    We are confident we should be able to get it finished very soon,” he told Reuters at an industry meeting this month. He declined to give an exact date, saying only that it would be ready well before 2020.

  • A Timeline of Gay World History | GALVA-108 : Gay & Lesbian Vaishnava Association
    http://www.galva108.org/?_escaped_fragment_=A-Timeline-of-Gay-World-History/cu6k/371405BC-DEF8-45CD-AA51-8E2EC7A29AFA#!A-Timeline-of-Gay-World-History/cu6k/371405BC-DEF8-45CD-AA51-8E2EC7A29AFA
    Il y a plein d’évenements avec l’année quand ils sont arrivés.

    8000 B.C. The world’s earliest depictions of homosexuality are found in the ancient San rock paintings of Zimbabwe, Africa.
    ...
    The Dark Ages: With the advent of Christianity, homosexuality and crossdressing are criminalized in the Roman Empire but remain widely accepted throughout the rest of the world. Western Europe resists the Middle Eastern practice of male castration.
    ...
    The Middle Ages: With the growth of Christianity and the advent of Islam, the criminalization of homosexuality and crossdressing spreads across Eurasia and into Africa. Although driven underground, the practice itself remains widespread and in most cases silently tolerated within the shadows of society. The Middle Eastern custom of castrating homosexual slaves and house servants becomes commonplace in the East Roman Empire (Byzantium) and is introduced into northern China and India. Oblivious to the outside world, American and South Sea natives maintain their traditional acceptance of homosexual behavior and crossdressing.
    ...
    The Early Modern Age: Christian Europe wages its greatest assault upon homosexuality to date while the practice remains silently tolerated in the Muslim world. Expeditions into sub-Saharan Africa, the New World and the South Seas reveal an astonishing acceptance of homosexuality and crossdressing among the indigenous people there. France becomes the first Christian nation to repeal its sodomy laws. The Nineteenth Century: France, Holland, Spain and Portugal repeal their sodomy laws along with those of their colonies while Great Britain, the United States, Canada and Australia manage only to reduce their penalties from death by hanging to long prison sentences. Britain’s harsh sodomy laws are implanted into all of its many important colonies around the world. The Islamic world maintains a mostly silent tolerance of homosexuality and the practice of male castration dissipates in unison with the global slave market. Germans usher in the world’s very first homosexual rights movement.
    ...
    The Twentieth Century: The English-speaking world begins repealing its sodomy laws en masse and the modern gay rights movement is born in the United States. Islamic countries begin to modernize but fall back into anti-gay religious fundamentalism. Asian countries maintain a mostly silent tolerance of homosexuality while Western Europe begins offering equitable marriage rights for gay couples.
    ...
    The Twenty-first Century: #LGBTI people continue their fight for full equality under the law, culminating in the quest for equal marriage rights. Modern gay movements begin to effect change in Latin America and parts of Asia while most African, Middle Eastern and East European countries are held back by anti-gay religious fundamentalism.
    ...

    #histoire #homosexualité

  • China’s coal emissions responsible for ’quarter of a million premature deaths’
    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/dec/12/china-coal-emissions-smog-deaths

    Emissions from coal plants in China were responsible for a quarter of a million premature deaths in 2011 and are damaging the health of hundreds of thousands of Chinese children, according to a new study.

    The study by a US air pollution expert, commissioned by Greenpeace, comes as many areas in northern and eastern China have been experiencing hazardous levels of air pollution in recent weeks. [...]

    The analysis traced the chemicals which are made airborne from burning coal and found a number of health damages were caused as a result. It estimates that coal burning in China was responsible for reducing the lives of 260,000 people in 2011. It also found that in the same year it led to 320,000 children and 61,000 adults suffering from asthma, 36,000 babies being born with low weight and was responsible for 340,000 hospital visits and 141 million days of sick leave.

    #sante #pollution #Chine #charbon

    • 670 000 Chinois meurent en un an à cause du charbon
      http://www.courrierinternational.com/article/2014/11/05/670-000-chinois-meurent-en-un-an-a-cause-du-charbon

      Les 670 000 morts prématurées causées par quatre maladies – AVC, cancer du poumon, coronaropathie et broncho-pneumopathie chronique obstructive – sont liées aux particules fines, en particulier celles qui font moins de 2,5 microgrammes (dites PM 2,5).

      En 2012, environ 157 millions de Chinois vivaient dans des zones où la concentration de PM 2,5 était supérieure à 100 microgrammes par mètre cube, soit dix fois la concentration maximum recommandée par l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. Plus de 70 % de la population est exposée à une concentration de plus de 35 microgrammes par mètre cube, la limite définie par la Chine.

      #air