• Quand la “Remontada” d’Arnaud Montebourg dégringole en “Zemmourada” | Lignes de force
    https://lignesdeforce.wordpress.com/2021/11/07/quand-la-remontada-darnaud-montebourg-degringole-en-zemmour

    Quand la “Remontada” d’Arnaud Montebourg dégringole en “Zemmourada”

    Ou Le Grand Jury chaque dimanche sur RTL : un Spartouch la balle au centre.
    #fumisterie

  • Arrestation de Jawid, réfugié afghan, par les autorités vaudoises (#Suisse)

    Le canton de #Vaud continue de renvoyer des réfugié·es afghan·es !
    Jeudi matin 4 novembre, notre ami Jawid a été arrêté par la police vaudoise. Originaire d’Afghanistan, il a fui son pays de naissance en quête de protection en Europe. Il a d’abord atterri en #Suède, avant d’atteindre il y a une année la Suisse, pour y rejoindre sa sœur qui y vit. Mais voilà, qui dit Suède dit accords #Dublin, et les autorités ont décidé que c’est dans ce pays qu’il doit rester, alors même que la Suède n’accorde que très difficilement l’asile aux personnes afghanes.

    Nous ne savons à l’heure actuelle pas où est Jawid, s’il est déjà dans un avion pour la Suède ou encore emprisonné en Suisse.

    Ce que nous savons en revanche, c’est que les autorités vaudoises, en particulier Philippe Leuba, en charge de l’asile, ne reculent devant aucune hypocrisie dans la question des refugié·es afghan·es. Le 20 octobre 2021, Philippe Leuba se gargarisait dans la presse de son geste humanitaire en faveur de vingt cyclistes afghanes, exfiltrées et arrivées en Suisse pour obtenir l’asile. La préparation de l’arrestation de Jawid se faisait en parallèle.

    Comble de l’ironie, les député·es du Grand Conseil ont voté le 12 octobre 2021 une résolution (21_RES_14) demandant au Conseil d’Etat de soutenir les personnes réfugiées afghanes. Pour notre part, mardi 2 novembre, nous avons déposé une pétition munie de 823 signatures demandant aux autorités vaudoises de tout faire pour faciliter l’accueil des réfugié·es afghan·es, y compris de suspendre tous les renvois prévus. Mais apparemment le Conseil d’Etat et l’administration vaudoise restent de marbre.

    Nous sommes inquiètes pour Jawid, fragilisé par des années de procédures et de pression (comme il l’explique dans son témoignage en pièce jointe) et demandons la suspension immédiate de son renvoi, ou son retour en Suisse. Les autorités helvétiques doivent lui accorder la protection à laquelle il a droit et arrêter de persécuter les réfugié·es afghan·es dont le sort émeut tout le monde sans pour autant donner lieu à un accueil digne de ce nom.

    Collectif Droit de rester, Lausanne, 4 novembre 2021

    ----

    Témoignage de Jawid Y. : débouté, #Non-entrée_en_matière Dublin, à l’#aide_d’urgence depuis le 10 juin 2021. En Suisse depuis le 1er octobre 2020, il est menacé de renvoi Dublin en Suède, d’où il est menacé de renvoi en Afghanistan car il a été débouté en Suède où il avait demandé l’asile à son arrive en Europe. Quand il a quitté l’Afghanistan mi-2015, il avait 21 ans. Aujourd’hui il a 27 ans.

    « I want to be free ! »

    I want to live like a normal person, I want to have the same rights, I want to study, I want to work.

    I want to speak to my family (in Tadjikistan now) and not lie to them.

    Since 6 years I’m lying to them because I don’t want to tell them what I’m going through.

    It would destroy them. My mom would be destroyed if she knew what I’m going through.

    I say that I’m fine, that I’m waiting for my asylum answer, that I’m ok, that I have French courses…

    My dream is to have a normal life. I don’t demand anything else, just to have a normal life. I don’t want to live in a refugee camp anymore.

    I just want to do things that I want.

    I don’t want every night security guards knock on my door and check if I’m here.

    I don’t want to be forced to go to SPOP and EVAM offices every day, or every two days…and to wait there for the white paper and to get 9.- CHF per day to survive here.

    My dream in Afghanistan was to get a diploma in IT ingeniring. I was studying IT in Kaboul Technic University and I liked it. I studied 2 and ½ years at this University.

    But I was forced to live my country very quickly.

    I even could not say good-bye to my family before leaving Kaboul because they live in the countryside.

    During all this years in Sweden, I was studying.

    I studied hard Swedish language. I passed the Swedish test in 1 and 1/2 year. Usually people need 4 to 5 years to succeed with this Swedish test.
    I went to school in Sweden.

    I was just ready to start University there.

    I had every possibility to enter to University…expect the permit.

    Now I don’t have the energy anymore to study.

    I want to stop.

    I question myself. Is this life really fair to stress myself…and to try to survive here…

    I don’t have hope anymore.

    I even committed suicide while in Bex.

    I see the doctor once a week and I see the psychologist from the hospital every day in Bex. It’s boring to see them, to talk to them, knowing that nothing will change.

    And the doctor, what they can do? When they ask me how I am feeling, I answer: « Well, I’m pissed of like all the other days ».

    I asked them not to come on Friday. But they say “No”, because their boss took the decision that the doctor have to see me every day.

    I don’t see any light. For me, my life is like walking in a dark room and I don’t know when I’ll crash the wall.

    (AF, récit récolté le 4.10.21, Lausanne, pour DDR)

    Message reçu via la mailing-list du collectif Droit de rester pour tou.te.s Lausanne, 04.11.2021

    #renvois #expulsions #réfugiés_afghans #asile #migrations #réfugiés #renvois_Dublin #NEM

  • European Court of Human Rights: Bulgaria’s pushback practice violates human rights

    Bulgaria’s systematic expulsion of refugees and migrants to Turkey without an individual examination of the risk of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment violates the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled today.

    In the case D v. Bulgaria, the Court unanimously found that the applicant, a Turkish journalist, was forcibly returned to Turkey. The Bulgarian authorities had failed to carry out an assessment of the risk he faced there, and deprived him of the possibility to challenge his removal, breaching articles 3 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Court found. He was supported in the proceedings by the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, The Center for Legal Aid - Voice in Bulgaria and Foundation PRO ASYL.

    “The ECtHR’s decision provides belated but important satisfaction for the applicant. It sets a strong counterpoint to Bulgaria’s longstanding practice of denying refugees protection from persecution and handing them straight back to their persecutors,” says attorney Carsten Gericke, D’s counsel. “This is a clear signal to Bulgaria that pushbacks, as carried out along the EU’s external borders, must come to an end and access to human rights and to asylum must be guaranteed.”

    After many years working as a journalist in Turkey, D was compelled to leave the country due to increasing state repression in the aftermath of the attempted coup d’état in July 2016. Together with eight other refugees from Turkey and Syria, he was apprehended in a truck at the Bulgarian-Romanian border on October 14, 2016. Despite expressing his fear of return to Turkey, at no point did the Bulgarian authorities assess the risk of torture, mistreatment and further political persecution faced by the applicant in Turkey. He was not allowed access to a lawyer or interpreter and was returned to Turkey within less than 24 hours.

    “This is a breakthrough decision for guaranteeing the right to asylum procedures and protecting asylum seekers from removal to the country where they face persecution,” adds Diana Radoslavova from the Center for Legal Aid - Voice in Bulgaria.

    Upon arrival in Turkey, D was immediately detained, and later, in December 2019, sentenced to seven and a half years of imprisonment for membership of a terrorist organization FETÖ. The verdict against him was largely based on the fact that he had the messenger application, ’Bylock’, on his cell phone. Following the Turkish government’s assertion that the app is used by the Gülen movement, which it declared a terrorist organization, Turkish courts have viewed the use of the app as sufficient proof of affiliation to the group.

    “The right to asylum is under attack. Today’s ruling has once again clarified that the protection from refoulement is absolute. The fight against pushbacks and violence at the EU’s borders continues - with new tailwind from Strasbourg,” says Karl Kopp from PRO ASYL.

    NGOs have consistently reported on pushbacks at the Bulgarian-Turkish border, documenting how Turkish nationals in particular are denied access to asylum. In 2018, the Council of Europe’s Special Representative on migration and refugees, Tomáš Boček, criticized the lack of respect for the principle of non-refoulement and urged for the individual examination of personal risk refugees/applicants might face when they are deported back to Turkey.

    https://www.ecchr.eu/pressemitteilung/european-court-of-human-rights-bulgarias-pushback-practice-violates-human-righ

    #CourEDH #CEDH #Bulgarie #push-backs #renvois #refoulements #Turquie #expulsions #justice #condamnation #risques #réfugiés_turques

    ping @isskein

  • Syrian family sue EU border agency over removal from Greece

    Family who were sent to Turkey despite lodging asylum claims take case to European court

    Five years to the day after a family of Syrian refugees were bundled on to a plane and deported to Turkey despite having lodged asylum claims in Greece, they are taking their case to the European court of justice.

    In an unprecedented step, a Dutch firm of human rights lawyers announced on Wednesday that it had filed a lawsuit against Frontex, the EU border agency that operated the flight, and was seeking damages on behalf of the family.

    “Frontex has acknowledged there were human rights violations,” said Lisa-Marie Komp, one of the lawyers at the Prakken d’Oliveira practice representing the family. “It has accepted that the refugees never got the chance to have their asylum request processed.”

    She said it was crucial that the EU-funded agency was held accountable. “If it is to be given such a far-reaching mandate, then there should be effective possibilities to hold it to account. And if that is not possible, what it will amount to is the undermining of the basic principle of rule of law.”

    The action – the first of its kind to be brought before the Luxembourg tribunal – highlights the illegal practice of pushbacks at the EU’s external borders, according to campaigners who have stepped up calls for an end to the alleged abuses.

    Frontex has faced accusations of “actively destroying” the fundamental principles on which the EU was built by participating in the pushbacks.

    The body, which has 660 officers working alongside Greek counterparts at Greece’s sea, land and air borders, has admitted that the Syrian couple and their four children were among 18 passengers onboard the flight from Kos to the southern Turkish city of Adana on 20 October 2016.

    The family, whose members have not been named in the legal action for security reasons, say they were tricked by EU and Greek officials into believing they would be flown to Athens after initiating asylum requests in Greece.

    The refugees were transported to Kos after submitting their claims on the Greek island of Leros, among the five frontline Aegean outposts that were then receiving large numbers of Syrians fleeing civil war in rickety boats from the Turkish coast.

    “I never knew I was [going to be] deported to Turkey,” the then 33-year-old father told reporters after being placed in the Düziçi detention camp in the south of the country. “The policemen said ‘leave your dinner, get your stuff, we will take you to a police station for the night and [then] tomorrow morning to Athens.’”

    Once on the flight the family, including four children aged one to seven, were forced to sit apart next to escort guards, who were subsequently identified by the insignia on their uniforms. It was only when the youngest child began to cry uncontrollably that he was allowed to sit on his mother’s lap.

    “They were in a very vulnerable position,” said Komp. “The treatment of the children on the flight was itself in contravention of the rights of the child enshrined in article 24 of the charter of fundamental rights of the EU.”

    It took three years and eight months before Frontex responded to requests from the Dutch legal team and drafted a report about the internal complaint. “The bottom line is they didn’t take any measures to check whether it was legal to take this family out of Greece,” Komp said.

    The Syrians, from the Kurdish town of Kobani, have since settled in northern Iraq for fear of being returned to their war-torn homeland.

    An estimated 1 million Syrians arrived in Greece en route to other parts of Europe at the height of an influx that began in 2015. Although the Greek asylum service was overwhelmed, the leftwing Syriza party then in power in Athens said Syrian refugees would be given priority on islands that soon became synonymous with squalid and vastly overcrowded camps.

    The incident was the first recorded expulsion of asylum seekers after the EU reached a landmark deal with Turkey in March 2016 in which it was explicitly stated that people arriving in Greece would have access to a fair asylum procedure.

    Yiannis Mouzalas, who was the minister in charge of Greek migration policy at the time, told the Guardian he ordered an inquiry into the case after it became clear that “violations” had occurred.

    “An asylum request was lodged and it was evident the process had been violated and something illegal had happened,” said Mouzalas, conceding he had no idea of the inquiry’s findings because he stepped down before it was wrapped up. “But I do know it was the responsibility of the competent Greek authorities [to remove them], not Frontex which transported them.”

    Frontex has blamed the decision to return the family on “national authorities”, saying its role was to provide “means of transport, trained escorts, translators and medical personnel.”

    An 18-page report released 19 months later, which was subsequently published in the leftwing daily Syntakton, concluded that while the asylum claim had been registered 11 days earlier, it was only logged on the electronic police platform a day after the Syrians was deported.

    Although the right to asylum is enshrined in EU law, there have been mounting reports of dangerous pushbacks. Greece, Croatia and Romania were recently singled out for censure after an eight-month investigation led by the news organisation Lighthouse Reports found they had conducted a “violent campaign” to stop asylum seekers crossing their borders.

    The European Council on Refugees and Exiles, an alliance of 103 NGOs across 39 countries on the continent, has attributed “emerging evidence” of hundreds of illegal pushback operations to security forces in member states, often acting with the tacit support of Brussels.

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/oct/20/syrian-family-sue-eu-border-agency-over-removal-from-greece
    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #justice #Frontex #frontières #poursuite #Cour_de_Justice_européenne #CJUE #Grèce #renvois #expulsions #réfugiés_syriens

    ping @isskein

  • Why these detained Egyptian citizens in #Tripoli are being deported back to #Egypt wearing @GDFGuardia di Finanza (#Italy Customs Police) uniforms ?

    https://www.facebook.com/moi.gov.ly/posts/4313991792030813

    Images postées sur FB sur le site du Ministère de l’intérieur libyen le 12 septembre à 19h10 :


    https://www.facebook.com/moi.gov.ly/posts/4313991792030813

    #renvois #expulsions #Libye #Egypte #réfugiés_égyptiens #guardia_di_finanza #Italie #externalisation #asile #migrations #réfugiés

    ping @isskein

  • Greece says Turkey continues to block returns of illegal migrants

    Greece made on Wednesday a new request to the EU Commission and FRONTEX for the immediate return to Turkey of 1,908 rejected asylum seekers living on the Aegean islands. Athens says Turkey has been blocking the returns of people not eligible for asylum for the past 17 months.

    The 2016 EU-Turkey Statement on migration provides that people who entered Greece from Turkey after 20 March, 2016 and are not entitled to international protection will return to Turkey.

    But according to Greek migration minister Notis Mitarakis, this is not the case.

    “The process of returns has stopped since 15 March, 2020, when Turkey referred to the difficulties caused by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. For about 17 months, Turkey has insisted on refusing to implement its commitments without any argument,” the minister wrote in a letter to Commission Vice-President Margaritis Schinas and FRONTEX.

    Mitarakis also referred to the Commission’s proposed new migration pact, which has reached a deadlock due to divisions among EU member states over whether the relocation of recognised refugees will be mandatory or not.

    The Greek minister said it was crucial for Europe to establish a common mechanism, as well as the necessary legal arsenal for returns.

    “And to fortify, in this way, the first host countries against uncontrolled migration flows, but also the action of smuggling networks,” he added.

    Greece recently proposed to declare Turkey a safe third state for migrants from countries such as Somalia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria and Bangladesh. Were the proposal to be adopted, migrants from these countries entering Greece via Turkey would not be able to apply for asylum status.

    Austrian Interior Minister Karl Nehammer has backed the Greek proposal adding that the Danish model to move asylum seekers to third countries as their application is processed would be a viable option.

    https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/short_news/greece-says-turkey-continues-to-block-returns-of-illegal-migrants

    #Grèce #Turquie #réfugiés #asile #migrations #réfugiés #renvois #accord_UE-Turquie #réadmission #expulsions #requête #Frontex #Mer_Egée

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • #Return-watch

    The EU and the German government are promoting the “voluntary” return of refugees and migrants by offering them the prospect of a promising new start in their respective countries of origin. What is the impact of these programmes - on the right to asylum and on deportation policies? How can reintegration and a new start succeed in precisely those circumstances that were themselves the cause of flight and migration in the first place? Or are the support programmes more about transporting people out of the country as effectively and quietly as possible?

    https://www.return-watch.org

    Les pays suivis :
    #Afghanistan
    #Irak
    #Mali
    #Maroc
    #Tunisie
    #Egypte
    #Syrie
    #Grèce

    #observatoire #monitoring #monitorage #Allemagne #renvois #expulsions #asile #migrations #réfugiés #retours_volontaires (sic) #portraits #témoignages #réintégration

    ping @isskein @karine4 @_kg_ @rhoumour @i_s_

  • #Algérie - #Niger : la réouverture de la frontière fait craindre davantage d’expulsions

    Après un an de fermeture, le passage entre les deux pays est de nouveau autorisé. Ce qui pourrait augmenter, encore un peu plus, le nombre d’expulsions illégales de migrants d’Algérie vers le Niger.

    Après plus d’un an de fermeture pour cause de coronavirus, la frontière entre l’Algérie et le Niger est de nouveau ouverte. L’annonce a été faite par le président algérien Abdelmadjid Tebboune lors d’un point de presse conjoint avec son homologue nigérien Mohamed Bazoum, en visite à Alger. Selon le chef d’état algérien, cette réouverture autorise "l’exportation des produits algériens vers le Niger et l’importation des produits nigériens".

    Mais force est de constater qu’elle remet aussi en lumière la question des migrants. Car l’endroit voit aussi passer, quotidiennement, de nombreux exilés expulsés illégalement d’Algérie. Selon les Nations unies, le pays - qui ne dispose pas de législation en matière d’asile malgré son attachement à la Convention de Genève sur le statut de réfugié - a depuis 2014, renvoyé des dizaines de milliers de migrants en situation irrégulière de l’autre côté de sa frontière.
    "Toujours autant de camions" pendant la pandémie

    Sa fermeture, actée le 17 mars 2020, n’y a rien fait : "le #refoulement systématique des migrants depuis l’Algérie vers le Niger n’a pas cessé", déplore Médecins sans frontières (MSF) dans un communiqué. Entre janvier et avril 2021, près de 4 370 personnes ont été emmenées par les forces de l’ordre algériennes jusqu’au "Point Zéro", en plein désert, à proximité de la région nigérienne d’Agadez.

    "Pendant la crise sanitaire, les ONG présentes sur place ont vu toujours autant de camions traverser la frontière en direction du Niger, chargés de migrants expulsés. Des hommes, des femmes, mais aussi des mineurs, de toute origine, ", confirme Lauren Seibert, chercheuse spécialiste des migrants et des réfugiés au sein de Human Rights Watch (HRW).

    Sans aucun moyen de localisation ni personne pour les guider, les migrants sont abandonnés là par les autorités algériennes et doivent parcourir, à pied et souvent la nuit, les 15 kilomètres qui les séparent de la petite ville nigérienne d’#Assamaka. Avec pour certains, une issue fatale.

    Abdul, originaire de Sirerra Leone, a eu, lui, la chance d’arriver sain et sauf. "Ils nous ont emmenés dans le désert et nous ont laissés là en nous disant ‘la route vers le Niger, c’est cette direction’ », raconte-t-il à HRW. "Je n’avais pas de chaussures. J’ai marché pieds nus. Ça nous a pris cinq à six heures [pour arriver au Niger]."

    Selon un recensement effectué par MSF, en 2020, plus de 23 175 migrants sont arrivés à Assamaka, qui compte un millier d’habitants permanents.

    Avec la réouverture officielle de la frontière, le nombre d’expulsions pourrait "augmenter drastiquement dans les mois à venir", s’inquiète Lauren Seibert. Malgré un an de pandémie, et les nombreuses critiques dont elle est la cible, "l’Algérie n’a jusqu’à maintenant fait aucun effort pour remédier à cette situation". Et ce, "malgré la pression internationale et celle de la société civile, déplore-t-elle. On s’attend donc à ce que la situation soit encore pire maintenant".

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msZtXPeCIP0&feature=emb_logo

    Des pratiques illégales

    Pourtant, en agissant ainsi, l’Algérie trahit ses engagements légaux. Car le pays est "signataire des conventions des Nations unies et de l’Afrique sur les réfugiés et de la convention contre la torture", rappelle un rapport de HRW. Les autorités sont donc tenues "de respecter le principe de non-refoulement, qui interdit le retour forcé de toute personne vers des pays où elle pourrait être soumise à la torture ou à des menaces contre sa vie ou sa liberté".

    L’article 12 de la Charte africaine des droits de l’homme et des peuples, que l’Algérie a ratifié, lui interdit également toute expulsion visant des groupes nationaux, raciaux, ethniques ou religieux.

    Des dispositions renforcées par la loi nationale N 08-11, validée en 2008. Si la mesure admet que l’expulsion peut être prononcée contre les étrangers irréguliers, elle les autorise, aussi, à contester la décision devant un juge. "Au regard des faits, force est de constater le non-respect de ces dispositions", admet Boubakar A. Mahamadou dans un article publié par Alarm Phone Sahara : https://alarmephonesahara.info/fr/blog/posts/expulsions-massives-de-migrants-par-l-algerie-vers-le-niger-que-

    Pour le juriste nigérien, "les états ont le droit de restreindre la liberté de circulation des personnes. Mais il n’en demeure pas moins que cela doit s’effectuer dans le respect des règles établies". L’Algérie ne semble pas, jusqu’ici, en avoir pris conscience.

    https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/33753/algerie-niger-la-reouverture-de-la-frontiere-fait-craindre-davantage-d

    #frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #expulsions #renvois #ouverture_des_frontières

    ping @isskein @karine4 @_kg_ @rhoumour

  • Dal 2008 a oggi, i paesi europei hanno valutato 600.000 richieste d’asilo da parte di afghani.
    Ne hanno rifiutate 290.000, rimpatriando oltre 70.000 persone (di cui 15-20.000 donne).


    Nel mare di ipocrisia, per una volta l’Italia svetta in positivo.
    Questo significa che su 290.000 afghani che non hanno ricevuto protezione, 220.000 sono ancora in Europa.
    Ora i governi dovrebbero impegnarsi per proteggerli tutti. Sospendendo i rimpatri sine die, ma soprattutto concedendo permessi umanitari a chi oggi è irregolare.

    https://twitter.com/emmevilla/status/1427159238892216322

    –—

    Tra il 2008 e il 2020 abbiamo rimpatriato più di 70.000 afghani.

    https://twitter.com/emmevilla/status/1426924703105564679
    #renvois #expulsions

    #statistiques #chiffres #réfugiés_afghans #Europe #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Matteo_Villa #graphique #visualisation #demandes_d'asile

  • Syrian refugees face threats of deportation from Europe and appropriation of property rights in Syria

    “We spent 30 years building our house to bring the family together and create memories. Years went by abroad until we could return home and settle down. Then, in a single moment, all was gone, and we found ourselves at the beginning of a new tiring journey. Once again, we left our home country searching for a new life.”

    With these words, Rihab Qassem (aged 65) recounted to Enab Baladi her daunting life journey spent in search of stability in someplace where human dignity is respected while going through many tragic detours and surviving their destructive psychological effects.

    In December 2012 and after Syrian regime forces bombed her family house, Rihab fled the Yarmouk camp area in southern Damascus, with her sons who were prosecuted by the regime’s security services.

    “We did not take sides. We only treated people injured by bombardments,” Rihab said. In October 2013, Rihab took her last look at her house’s destroyed walls, captured some photos for memory, and embarked on a new journey seeking refugee in Europe to reach Denmark eventually.

    Threats of deportation

    In early 2014, Rihab was granted a residency permit in Denmark under humanitarian protection grounds. Her house in the Yarmouk camp was completely destroyed during the battles, ending any dream of returning home.

    Despite being permitted residency in Denmark, Rihab’s story was far from reaching a happy ending, as Danish authorities issued a report in 2019 saying that the security situation in some parts of Syria has “improved markedly.”

    The same report was used as a pretext to start reevaluating hundreds of residence permits granted by the Danish government to Syrian refugees coming from the Syrian capital of Damascus and its surrounding areas.

    Last July, Rihab was handed over the Danish Immigration Service’s decision of deportation from Denmark on the grounds that Damascus is reclassified as a “safe zone.”

    “A house’s value is nothing when compared to thousands of people’s loss of loved ones during the war in Syria, and even if I wanted to go back home, do you think there is any chance for me to return to my house? There is not,” Rihab said.

    Speaking of her house, Rihab shows zero hope of returning home, knowing that the Yarmouk camp is in ruins and its streets are empty with nothing but destroyed houses.
    Syrian government’s property laws destroy hopes of returning home

    In the last ten years, the regime’s government issued several laws and legislative decrees and some administrative decisions that adversely affected house, land, and property (HLP) rights of Syrian citizens in general and Syrian refugees in particular.

    The government HLP regulations have created additional burdens and challenges for Syrian refugees seeking to deprive them of their property rights.

    Legislative Decree No. 66 of 2012 is one of the laws threatening the HLP rights of Syrian citizens. It stipulated the establishment of two zoning areas within Damascus province to achieve urban development in informal settlement areas.

    Syrian lawyer Hussam Sarhan told Enab Baladi that properties included in the zoning area are viewed as common property between a group of property holders. Each group member has a share equal to the estimated value of his/her property or rights in rem.

    Sarhan said that under the decree, the zoning area serves as a legal personality incorporating all rights holders and is represented by Damascus province, while real estate transactions (sell, purchase, or donations) for properties included in Decree No. 66 two zoning areas are banned.

    According to Sarhan, Decree No. 66 constitutes a significant threat to Syrian refugees’ property rights as it grants them a short period of 30 days starting after the announcement date of the decree to claim ownership. During this period, absentees outside Syria must submit an application after choosing a place of residence within the zoning plans’ boundaries in Damascus province attached with legal documents.

    He added, the fact that many property owners were forced out of Syria like Rihab Qassem, who cannot return to her country due to security concerns, makes absentees’ HLP rights at risk of being violated under the decree.

    According to the lawyer, Decree No. 66 does not guarantee accurate estimation of properties’ value, including building structures, trees, and crops, affecting the final valuation of these properties.

    The decree ignored the Syrian government’s acknowledgment of some slum areas like the Yarmouk camp when it provided its residents with necessary infrastructure services and regarded them as areas of building violations that must be regulated in zoning plans.

    The decree stipulated that residents of informal settlements included in zoning plans are only entitled to the cost of their properties’ rubble built on public or private state property.

    In June 2020, Damascus Provincial Council held a special session in which it announced the approval of the Yarmouk camp’s regulatory map before sharing it with the public. Soon later, the Council opened the door for objections and received thousands from the camp’s residents.

    Many Yarmouk camp former residents saw the new zoning plan as a threat to the camp’s identity and status as a symbol of return to Palestinian refugees in Syria. Fears of demographic changes also prompted objections.

    Decree No. 66 paved the way for the issuance of Law No. 10 of 2018, which also gave a short notice of 30 days to rights holders to claim ownership. Later, the law was amended, and the objection period was extended to one year, starting after the announcement date of the zoning plan.

    In 2015, the regime government passed Law No. 23 on planning and urban development. The law aimed at creating zoning areas with legal personality.

    Law No. 23 allows administrative units such as municipalities and governorates to expropriate informal housing areas located within zoning areas. As a result, owners of informal housing would lose their independent ownership in favor of having shares in a common property that would be divided into plots under the supervision of real estate distribution committees.

    Several factors impede the return of Syrian refugees in Europe or other parts of the world to their homes, chiefly the absence of any legal instruments that would help them restore their properties or receive compensation, Sarhan said.

    He added that another factor complicating Syrian refugees’ return is the Syrian judiciary’s lack of impartiality, independence, and fair trial standards.

    According to Sarhan, the Syrian government has its own policy managing Syria’s real estate problem in its best interests. It exploits the problem in different ways instead of finding solutions to it.
    “A living nightmare”

    Syrian regime forces started bombing the Yarmouk camp on 16 December 2012 in what was known as the massacre of the Abdul Kadir al-Husseini Mosque and the Fallujah School, leaving more than 200 persons killed or injured.

    The bombing caused the displacement of more than 80 percent of the camp’s residents to other areas inside Syria or abroad. Those who remained suffered from a siege imposed by regime forces between 2013 and 2018, with the participation of allied Palestinian militias.

    A report by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) mentioned that millions of Syrian refugees are distributed over more than 120 countries, while Syria’s security and economic situations remain a discouragement for any return.

    “Houses are murdered with the absence of their residents,” These meaningful words said by the famous Palestinian poet and writer Mahmoud Darwish best describe the conditions of Syrian refugees’ houses whose owners left Syria with no hopes of returning to claim back their property rights.

    As for Rihab, she told Enab Baladi that this period of her life has been a living nightmare as she did not achieve the stability that she has been working so hard for decades to achieve.

    Rihab intends to fight for her and her family’s right of protection and residence in Denmark by attempting to file a lawsuit before relevant local courts.

    https://english.enabbaladi.net/archives/2021/08/syrian-refugees-face-threats-of-deportation-from-europe-and-appr

    #réfugiés_syriens #asile #migrations #réfugiés #retour_au_pays #renvois #expulsions #EU #UE #Europe #Danemark

    ajouté à la métaliste sur le retour (volontaire ou contrait) des réfugiés syriens :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/904710
    Et plus précisément sur la politique du Danemark :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/904710#message904721

    ping @isskein

  • Six countries urge EU to continue Afghan deportations

    Stopping deportations would “motivate even more Afghan citizens to leave their home,” the six states say. Afghan authorities have asked deportations to stop until October.

    Six EU countries have asked the European Commission not to stop the deportations of unsuccessful asylum migrants back to Afghanistan as thousands flee the Taliban’s takeover.

    Ministers from Germany, Austria, Belgium, Greece, Netherlands and Denmark said “stopping returns sends the wrong signal and is likely to motivate even more Afghan citizens to leave their home.”

    The move follows a plea from the Afghan Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation on July 8 to stop EU returns of its nationals for three months during the current resurgence of the Taliban.
    What did the letter say?

    The letter signed by the six states said that more moves should be made on the ground to support Afghanistan and neighboring countries rather than halt deportation from the EU.

    “We fully recognise the sensitive situation in Afghanistan in light of the foreseen withdrawal of international troops,” said the joint statement.


    https://twitter.com/kmlvrmln/status/1424646282505822210

    It recognized that there were 4.6 million Afghans that had already been displaced by the conflict with 570,000 asylum applications from the country lodged in the EU since 2015.

    “In view of of the expected likelihood that Afghanistan will continue to be a significant source of irregular migration to the EU, we would like to underline the importance of returning home those without genuine protection needs,” said the six countries.

    They urged “the Commission to intensify talks with the Afghan government on how returns to Afghanistan can and will be continue in the coming months.”

    EU countries have come under increasing attack from human rights groups for the decision to continue returning unsuccessful asylum applicants. On August 3 the European Court for Human Rights ruled not to send one of these migrants back to Afghanistan at least until the end of August.

    “That regions of a country are not safe does not mean that each national of that country automatically is entitled to protection,” added Belgium’s secretary for asylum and migration, Sammy Mahdi.
    What has the EU said?

    A spokesman for The European Commission said: "At an EU level there isn’t a list of countries considered safe relating to asylum applications or for returns.

    “It’s up to each member state to assess... the country of origin and the

    situation of the person concerned,” he said.

    But a senior EU official said on Tuesday that it wants to avoid “a massive flow of migration from Afghanistan.”

    According to the official, 80% of deportations to the war-torn country are “voluntary.”

    The official said the situation in the Middle Eastern country is “challenging” although it is not yet “desperate” in that it still had a solid government unlike Syria and Iraq in past refugee crises.

    But the EU was concerned about fighting stifling the arrival of humanitarian aid in the country, Doctors without Borders (MSF) said on Tuesday that the situation has “deteriorated” to the point that some cities have “medical facilities on the front lines.”
    What is the situation in Afghanistan?

    By Tuesday the Taliban had taken six Afghan provincial capitals forcing thousands to move to Kabul and other safer areas.

    The insurgents, who want to establish Sharia law in the country, are now looking to take Mazar-i-Sharif, the largest city in the north of Afghanistan.

    Its fall would mean an area that has voiced strongest opposition to the Taliban could now be out of government control.

    The US, which aims to withdraw all its troops by the end of August, has sent a special envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad to Qatar to try to get a ceasefire with the Taliban.

    But Pentagon spokesman John Kirby admitted there was “not much” the US could do but trust the Afghan government forces to turn the tide.

    “Taliban forces advancing in Ghazni, Kandahar, and other Afghan provinces have summarily executed detained soldiers, police, and civilians with alleged ties to the Afghan government,” said Human Rights Watch on August 3.

    With the Taliban advancing through the country at an alarming rate, experts believe more revenge killings could be on the way.

    https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/34221/six-countries-urge-eu-to-continue-afghan-deportations

    #Afghanistan #renvois #expulsions

    Et voilà, encore une fois, apparaître la belle #rhétorique de l’#appel_d'air :

    Stopping deportations would “motivate even more Afghan citizens to leave their home,” the six states say.

    ping @isskein @karine4

    • Six EU countries want to keep forced return of Afghans despite Taliban offensive Access to the comments

      At least six EU countries insist that the forced deportation of migrants back to Afghanistan continues despite the Taliban’s alarming gains in recent weeks.

      Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, and the Netherlands wrote to the European Commission claiming that halting returns "sends the wrong signal and is likely to motivate even more Afghan citizens to leave their home for the EU.’’

      Adalbert Jahnz, the Commission’s spokesman for home affairs explained that “it’s up to each member state to make an individual assessment of whether the return is possible in a specific set of circumstances, that needs to take into account the principles, notable the principle of rule of law and other fundamental rights.”

      “But it’s not something that the EU specifically regulates,” he added.

      The call by the six member states comes a week after the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) urged Austrian authorities not to proceed with the expulsion of an Afghan national until late August at the earliest because of “a clear risk of irreparable harm to the complainant”.

      Afghanistan had in July urged Europe to stop deportations for three months, as Finland, Sweden and Norway had done, due to the deteriorating security situation on the grounds.

      Taliban insurgents have captured five out of the country’s 34 provincial capitals in less than a week in a relentless campaign against government forces.

      They have been emboldened by the withdrawal of US and NATO troops from the country.

      Cities claimed by the Taliban include strategically important Kunduz in the north that has transport links to many other cities including the capital Kabul.

      Afghan security forces, which have been backed, trained, and financed with billions of dollars in a 20-year-long Western military effort that included many EU countries, appear unable to cope with the offensive.

      https://www.euronews.com/2021/08/10/six-eu-countries-want-to-keep-forced-return-of-afghans-despite-taliban-off

      #réfugiés_afghans #asile #migrations #réfugiés #retour #renvois #expulsions
      #Austriche #Belgique #Danemark #Allemagne #Grèce #Pays_Bas

      #machine_à_expulser

    • Réfugiés afghans : l’hypocrisie européenne

      La plupart des pays de l’Union européenne ont attendu le dernier moment pour suspendre les expulsions d’Afghans venus demander l’asile sur leur sol. Alors que les talibans ont pris le pouvoir à Kaboul, les vingt-sept ministres des affaires étrangères se réunissent en urgence ce mardi pour décider des suites à donner à leur action. Accueillir dignement les exilés déjà arrivés sur leur sol serait un premier pas en matière de solidarité.

      https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/160821/refugies-afghans-l-hypocrisie-europeenne#at_medium=custom7&at_campaign=104

  • A German Court Has Recognised Not All EU Countries Are Safe For Refugees

    A court in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia has ruled in favour of two asylum seekers, one from Somalia and the other Mali, whose asylum applications had been rejected because they came into the EU via Italy. The court has decided that, because they could expect inhumane or degrading treatment if sent back to Italy, their asylum claims should be heard in Germany.

    The ruling is significant, as it shakes up some of how asylum processing happens in the EU.

    Under perhaps one of the more well-known EU migration laws, the Dublin regulation, member states are allowed to send people back to the first EU country they were registered in. It’s a complicated process, and not without criticism. Asylum seekers and their advocates don’t like it because it denies agency to an asylum seeker who in theory has the right to claim asylum in the country of their choice (or, more specifically, is not obliged to do so in the first “safe” country they land in). “Frontline” states on the EU border such as Italy, Greece and Hungary don’t like the regulation either, because it unfairly places the burden for humanitarian accommodation on them, while Northern member states can admit people as and when they want to.

    Germany previously suspended its participation in the process during the political crisis around migration to Europe in 2015 and 2016, at a time when around a million refugees made their way to Germany. The regulation has since come back however, and continues to cause confusion and misery for many refugees.

    Now, with this ruling, the North Rhine-Westphalia court has thrown an obstacle in the way of this process. Both men had had their asylum applications rejected by regional courts because they were already registered in Italy (technically speaking, the Somali man had already been recognised as a refugee in Italy, while the Malian man had yet to receive any protection). For both men, however, a removal back to Italy would have meant likely destitution, as neither had much prospect of finding housing, support or employment. Their asylum claims, therefore, should be heard in Germany.

    The ruling acknowledges something many refugee advocates have been saying for a long time. Just because an asylum seeker or refugee finds herself in a country that is relatively safer than the region they came from, that does not mean they are in fact free from danger, poverty or destitution just because they are in any given EU state.

    This is a relevant issue in a number of countries, not just Italy and Germany. Greece, for instance, is considered by many people to be an unsafe country for some refugees, as the Greek authorities have been observed abusing refugees as well as forcing them further back into dangerous regions, violating the international principle of non-refoulement.

    The conversation is salient in the U.K. as well, at a time when prominent anti-immigrant voices are decrying people crossing the English channel from “safe” France in order to claim asylum. The U.K. human rights advocate Daniel Sohege has repeatedly pointed out all the reasons a refugee may not feel safe in France, even though the average Brit might:


    https://twitter.com/stand_for_all/status/1292467258221002756
    The U.K. has in any case withdrawn from the Dublin system, but the government is actively pursuing measures to prevent more people arriving in the U.K., including a controversial bill to make it illegal to seek asylum when arriving by “irregular” means (i.e., arriving without already having an entry permit).

    The court in the German case has ruled out a further appeal, though the government could still lodge a complaint against the ruling to be heard at the federal level.

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/freylindsay/2021/07/30/a-german-court-has-recognised-not-all-eu-countries-are-safe-for-refugees
    #Dublin #asile #migrations #réfugiés #COI #Italie #renvois_Dublin #pays_sûr #France

    ping @isskein @karine4

    • Forced return to Italy unlawful, German court rules

      A German court has decided that two African asylum seekers may not be returned to Italy where they had first sought protection, due to the hardship they would face there. It’s not the first time that German courts have ruled against such forced returns within Europe.

      The Higher Administrative Court (OVG) of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) has prohibited the forced returns of two asylum seekers from Somalia and Mali to Italy out of concern over the prevailing living conditions they’d have to endure in Italy.

      There was a “serious danger” that the two men, one Somali and one Malian, would not be able to meet their “fundamental needs” like accommodation and food, the court in the city of Münster said on Thursday (July 29).

      According to the judges, the Somali had already been recognized as a refugee in Italy. The Malian had applied for asylum in Italy before traveling onwards to Germany.

      As a result, Germany’s Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) had rejected both their asylum applications as inadmissable and ordered a return to Italy. The men then filed two separate claims against the BAMF decision.
      ’Inhumane and humiliating treatment’

      In its ruling, the court cited the prevailing Italian system for refugees, which stipulates that accommodation and provision is only granted to particularly vulnerable people like the sick or families with children in reception facilities.

      No access to accommodation and work for a longer period of time, however, would mean that the two men would end up in a situation of extreme material hardship, independent of their will and their personal choices, the court said.

      As a result, the two men would face “the serious danger of inhumane and humiliating treatment” in a member state of the European Union, the court argued further. The ruling could not be appealed, the judges said. However, the authorities can file a complaint against this decision at Germany’s federal administrative court.
      Similar decisions

      This week’s ruling is not the first time a German court prevented asylum seekers from being forcibly returned to another EU country.

      In April, a court in the state of Lower Saxony ruled that two sisters from Syria who received protection status in Greece cannot be deported from Germany. The court said the human rights of the women would be put at risk if they were returned to Greece.

      In a similar case, a court in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) in January found that two refugees threatened with deportation to Greece would be at serious risk of inhumane and degrading treatment if they were to be sent back.

      A slightly different case took place back in 2019, when a Munich court decided that Germany must take back a refugee who was stopped on the border and deported to Greece. The court argued that proper procedure under German law had not been followed.

      https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/33990/forced-return-to-italy-unlawful-german-court-rules

  • #Terrorisme : au nom de sa #sécurité, la #France expulse toujours plus

    Depuis 2018, l’Hexagone a expulsé plus de la moitié des islamistes radicalisés fichés et en situation de séjour irrégulier en France. Et selon la volonté du ministre de l’Intérieur, le nombre d’expulsions devrait encore augmenter. C’est un des axes du contre-terrorisme français, rapporte la Deutsche Welle.

    Agir plus vite et plus durement avec les immigrés condamnés pour des crimes graves, telle est la consigne donnée aux préfets de France par le ministre de l’Intérieur, Gérald #Darmanin, en juin. Les #titres_de_séjour sont à réexaminer, et des expulsions à prévoir pour les coupables de #crimes graves : homicide, viol, trafic de drogue, violences conjugales ou contre des dépositaires de l’autorité publique. Voilà le dernier cap fixé par la France pour améliorer la sécurité sur le territoire, rapporte la Deutsche Welle, qui fait un point sur la stratégie antiterroriste de la France.

    « En parallèle de cette mesure, le gouvernement a également publié de nouveaux #chiffres sur les expulsions », écrit le site de la radio internationale allemande : sur 23’000 #personnes_fichées, car soupçonnées de radicalisation, dans le #FSPRT - le #Fichier_de_signalements_pour_la_prévention_de_la_radicalisation_à_caractère_terroriste -, 1’115 seraient en situation irrégulière sur le territoire. Parmi elles, environ la moitié - 601 - a été expulsée ces trois dernières années. L’autre moitié serait en passe de l’être ou se trouve actuellement en prison, a précisé le gouvernement.

    Le gouvernement Macron n’est pas le seul à opérer de la sorte. Les exécutifs successifs du pays, où plus de 250 personnes ont été victimes d’attentats terroristes ces dernières années, ont répondu en durcissant les lois d’immigration. Dans ce contexte, le sujet des expulsions « est devenu plus explosif », explique le journaliste allemand, qui s’est entretenu avec un expert en contre-terrorisme français.

    Tensions dans les pays du Maghreb

    « Le profil des #terroristes_actifs en France a changé », a ainsi expliqué #Marc_Hecker, chercheur à l’Institut français des relations internationales, à la radio allemande. Selon lui, ceux qui ont perpétré les dernières attaques étaient souvent des #immigrés, des #demandeurs_d'asile ou des personnes entrées clandestinement dans le pays.

    Le chercheur pointe deux évolutions qui en découlent. Premièrement, la France a modifié sa pratique d’expulsion :

    Même si la France n’expulse pas d’individus vers les zones de guerre, la liste des pays vers lesquels aucune expulsion n’est réalisée s’est réduite au fil des années."

    Les capacités limitées des #services_de_renseignements

    Deuxièmement, dans les pays en question, la situation sécuritaire se trouve sous tension. Cela concerne avant tout les pays du Maghreb, qui ont vu les expulsions de France se multiplier. « Envoyer les personnes radicalisées vers des pays qui ne disposent pas des mêmes capacités de surveillance que la France ne fait qu’accentuer le problème pour ces pays », explique Hecker.

    « Impossible pour le moment de savoir si les expulsions permettront d’améliorer durablement la situation sécuritaire tendue de la France, mais cela devrait au moins décharger temporairement les autorités », estime la Deutsche Welle. Un des problèmes centraux reste qu’un fichier comptant 23’000 noms représente un défi de taille constant pour les services de renseignements. De plus, le #fichage de toutes les personnes qui sont passées sous les radars, comme le meurtrier de Samuel Paty ou l’attaquant de Notre-Dame de l’Assomption, à Nice, demande des moyens supplémentaires.

    Quant au changement de #profil des attaquants, il est impossible d’évaluer s’il est passager ou définitif.

    https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/vu-dallemagne-terrorisme-au-nom-de-sa-securite-la-france-expu
    #expulsions #renvois #asile #migrations #réfugiés #machine_à_expulser #islamisme #radicalisation #criminels_étrangers #statistiques #sans-papiers

    ping @cede @karine4 @isskein

  • La #CNPT publie son rapport sur l’accompagnement des #rapatriements_sous_contrainte par la #voie_aérienne

    Dans son rapport publié aujourd’hui, la #Commission_nationale_de_prévention_de_la_torture (CNPT) présente les recommandations relatives aux 37 transferts par la #police et aux 23 rapatriements sous contrainte par la voie aérienne qu’elle a accompagnés entre avril 2020 et mars 2021, une période qui a été marquée par le COVID-19. La Commission estime inadéquates certaines #pratiques_policières qui persistent. Finalement, la Commission dresse le bilan du contrôle des 25 renvois sur des vols de ligne, respectivement des renvois du niveau d’exécution 2 et 3, qu’elle a accompagnés entre novembre 2019 et mars 2021.

    Pratiques policières jugées inadéquates

    De manière générale, les observatrices et observateurs de la CNPT continuent d’être témoins de l’hétérogénéité des pratiques cantonales en vigueur s’agissant de la prise en charge et du transfert à l’#aéroport des personnes à rapatrier, notamment en matière de recours aux #entraves. La Commission estime que des mesures urgentes doivent être prises afin d’harmoniser les pratiques policières dans le cadre des renvois.

    Même si des améliorations ont été constatées, la Commission regrette que le recours aux #entraves_partielles reste fréquent tant au niveau des transferts que de l’organisation au sol. Dans son rapport, la Commission appelle instamment aux autorités de renoncer par principe à toute forme de #contrainte, et de limiter une application aux seuls cas qui présentent un danger imminent pour leur propre sécurité ou celle d’autrui. Par ailleurs, elle rappelle que les #enfants ne devraient en aucun cas faire l’objet de #mesures_de_contrainte. Elle conclut également qu’un diagnostic psychiatrique ne peut en aucun cas à lui seul signifier le recours à des entraves.

    En outre, la Commission juge inadéquates plusieurs pratiques policières qui persistent dans le cadre des renvois, même si elle les observe de manière isolée : notamment l’entrée par surprise dans une cellule, l’utilisation de #menottes_métalliques aux chevilles, le recours au #casque_d'entraînement, l’utilisation d’une #chaise_roulante pour transporter une personne entravée et la #surveillance par plusieurs #agents_d'escorte d’une personne à rapatrier entravée et placée sur une chaise. La Commission rappelle également avec force dans son rapport que les personnes à rapatrier doivent être informées de manière transparente et dans une langue qu’elles comprennent sur le déroulement du renvoi.

    Contrôle des renvois du niveau d’exécution 2 et 3

    Dans son rapport, la Commission relève avec préoccupation que les renvois du niveau d’exécution 3 sont exécutés mais sans être clairement distingués des renvois du niveau d’exécution 2. Il existe néanmoins une différence significative entre les deux niveaux de renvoi en termes de mesures de contrainte autorisées. La Commission s’interroge sur la pertinence de ces niveaux d’exécution 2 et 3 et estime qu’une réflexion approfondie doit être menée en la matière. Par ailleurs, le recours aux mesures de contrainte doit être limité aux seuls cas qui présentent un danger imminent pour leur propre sécurité ou celle d’autrui, et ceci pour la durée la plus courte possible. Enfin, compte tenu des mesures de contrainte autorisées dans le cadre des renvois du niveau d’exécution 3, un contrôle indépendant, en particulier des transferts et de l’organisation au sol, devrait être garanti.

    https://www.nkvf.admin.ch/nkvf/fr/home/publikationen/mm.msg-id-84376.html
    #rapport #Suisse #renvois_forcés #expulsions #renvois #2020 #asile #migrations #réfugiés #avions

    –---
    Pour télécharger le rapport :
    https://www.nkvf.admin.ch/dam/nkvf/de/data/Medienmitteilungen/2021-07-08/bericht-ejpd-kkjpd-f.pdf

    • CNPT | Pratiques policières inadéquates

      La Commission nationale de prévention de la torture (CNPT) appelle la Suisse à “renoncer par principe à toute forme de contrainte” sauf en cas de “danger imminent” pour soi-même ou pour autrui”. Mandatée pour l’observation des vols spéciaux, la CNPT a présenté ses recommandations relatives aux 37 transferts par la police et aux 23 rapatriements sous contrainte par voie aérienne qu’elle a accompagnés entre avril 2020 et mars 2021, soit en plein COVID. La Commission estime inadéquates certaines pratiques policières qui persistent et appelle à des mesures urgentes pour harmoniser les usages entre les cantons.

      https://seenthis.net/messages/921600

  • #Border_Profiteers. Corporations profiting from borders, detentions and deportations - Berlin edition

    This brochure has gathered a list of corporations that profit from deportations, from managing detention centers, from building fences, selling ships, drones or planes patrolling the Mediterranean, subcontracted security guards, providing data collection, border surveillance software, id control mechanisms, racist policy consultation, prison construction and any other form of oppression that limits peoples freedom of movement and right to stay.

    The external borders of Europe are not in Berlin, but the border regime is all around us. This regime consists of more than just the state. In capitalism, many forms of border oppression are subcontracted to corporations. Borders are very profitable. Therefore this market is dominated by huge multinational corporations. And since keywords of the European borders are militarisation and surveillance, the list of corporate border profiteers is full of the usual suspects that also profit from war, prisons and privacy infringement.

    The goal of this booklet is to promote action in Berlin and Brandenburg. Hence the focus is very much on companies that have an office in Berlin or action possibilities based on local struggles.

    List of Border Profiteers

    1. DEPORTATION COLLABORATORS
    #Lufthansa#Eurowings
    #Privilege_Style
    #Corendon_Airlines
    #Turyol / #Jalem_Tur
    #Enter_Air

    2. BORDER MILITARISATION
    #Airbus#Hensholdt
    #Otokar#Koç_Holding
    #Thales

    3. DETENTION INDUSTRY
    #European_Homecare
    #Pulsm#Morten_Group
    #Markgraf
    #Baukontor_Lange

    4. SURVEILLANCE SOFTWARE
    #Sopra_Steria
    #Cevision

    5. PRIVATE GUARDS
    #City_Schutz
    #Securitas
    #L&S_Sicherheit
    #Secura_Protect

    6. BORDER CONSULTANCY
    #McKinsey

    Quelques captures d’écran :

    https://noborderassembly.blackblogs.org/2021/04/14/new-brochure-border-profiteers

    Pour télécharger la brochure :
    https://noborderassembly.blackblogs.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/1214/2021/04/Border-Profiteers-berlin.pdf

    #profit #business #complexe_militaro-industriel #frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #renvois #Allemagne #compagnies_aériennes #sécurité #détention_administrative #rétention #consultants #militarisation_des_frontières #renvois #expulsions #charter #Frontex

    #no_border_assembly #rapport

  • CRA - Centre de Rétention Administrative

    En 2012, à #Toulouse - Cornebarrieu, Meybeck participe à la campagne « #Ouvrez_les_portes » organisée par Migreurop et Alternative Européenne, campagne visant à obtenir l’accès des journalistes et de la société civile aux centres de rétention pour lesquels nous n’avons pratiquement aucune information, ni sur ce qui s’y passe, ni comment sont traités les migrants, ni sur le respect de leurs droits.

    https://www.desrondsdanslo.com/CRA.html

    #rétention #détention_administrative #CRA #centre_de_rétention_administrative #France #Cornebarrieu #open_access_now #migrations #asile #réfugiés #renvois #expulsions
    #livre #BD #bande_dessinée

  • #Mitsotakis blasts use of migrants as pawns to pressure the EU

    Prime Minister #Kyriakos_Mitsotakis on Friday decried the use of migrants and refugees as “geopolitical pawns to put pressure on the European Union.”

    Mitsotakis referred to efforts made by Turkey, in March 2020, and the recent surge of migrants reaching Spain’s African territories.

    Mitsotakis made this statement in a meeting with #Frontex Executive Director #Fabrice_Leggeri. Also present at the meeting were the Minister for Asylum ad Migration Policy Notis Mitarakis, Chief of the Greek Armed Forces Staff Konstantinos Floros and the heads of Police and the Coast Guard, as well as the head of the Prime Minister’s Diplomatic Office.

    Mitsotakis said that thanks to Frontex’s assistance, migrant flows dropped by 80% in 2020 and a further 72% so far in 2021.

    https://www.ekathimerini.com/news/1161528/mitsotakis-blasts-use-of-migrants-as-pawns-to-pressure-the-eu

    Et cette vidéo insupportable... une suite d’hypocrisie et mensonges :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o5-_StRXLpw

    #Grèce #migrations #asile #réfugiés #UE #Union_européenne #collaboration #coopération #frontières #passeurs #protection_des_frontières #fermeture_des_frontières #criminalisation_de_la_migration #hypocrisie #mensonge #morts_aux_frontières #mourir_aux_frontières #renvois #expulsions #accord_UE-Turquie #déclaration #reconnaissance #réadmission #Turquie

    ping @karine4 @isskein

  • Mit einem Laptop zurück in die Diktatur

    Die Migrationsbehörden machen Eritreerinnen und Äthiopiern ohne Aufenthaltsrecht falsche Hoffnungen auf Schweizer IT-Jobs, falls sie «freiwillig» in den Herkunftsstaat zurückkehren. Das Integrationsprojekt Powercoders macht mit.

    https://www.woz.ch/2117/rueckkehrhilfe/mit-einem-laptop-zurueck-in-die-diktatur
    #paywall

    Commentaire reçu par mail :

    L’article critique le fait que les programmes « d’incitation au retour » mis en œuvre par Powercoders sur mandat du SEM, sont adressés prioritairement aux ressortissant.es d’Ethiopie et d’Erythrée. Il leur est proposé de se former en informatique avec, à la clé, une fois retourné dans leur pays d’origine, un travail à distance dans un entreprise suisse pendant un an. Or, l’accès à internet est dans ces pays extrêmement limité, tant par la surveillance étatique, les dysfonctionnements structurels que la technique, ce qui fait penser que cette proposition sera matériellement difficile à tenir.

    #renvois #incitation_au_retour #expulsions #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Ethiopie #Erythrée #formation #informatique #travail #réintégration #Suisse #Powercoders

    –—

    ça rappelle un peu les #campagnes de #dissuasion à l’#émigration...
    https://seenthis.net/messages/763551

  • Swissinfo | Après le Danemark, la Suisse pourrait-elle renvoyer des réfugiés à Damas ?
    https://asile.ch/2021/05/11/swissinfo-apres-le-danemark-la-suisse-pourrait-elle-renvoyer-des-refugies-a-da

    Les réfugiés syriens sont en sécurité en Europe. Mais plus au Danemark. Copenhague estime possible de les renvoyer dans la région de Damas, une zone qualifiée de sûre par ses services d’immigration. Ce précédent en Europe peut-il influencer les conditions de renvois fixées par la Suisse ? L’article “Après le Danemark, la Suisse pourrait-elle renvoyer des […]

  • Darmanin : En matière d’immigration, notre main est ferme

    Au total, il y a 30 % d’#éloignements_forcés de plus que sous les deux quinquennats précédents. Dans le même temps, nous naturalisons 30 % de moins. Nous avons durci les conditions d’intégration et les entretiens d’assimilation.

    https://twitter.com/GDarmanin/status/1390583304378847232

    –-> les 3 tweet de Darmanin likés par #Macron

    –—

    Commentaire de François Gemenne :

    Un éloignement forcé, c’est toujours un échec. Qu’un ministre de l’Intérieur se félicite de cela, c’est comme si un ministre de l’Education se félicitait de l’augmentation du taux de redoublement, ou un ministre de la Justice de la hausse du nombre de prisonniers. Quelle misère.

    https://twitter.com/Gemenne/status/1391787516731273219

    #Darmanin #Gérard_Darmanin #France #expulsions #statistiques #chiffres #migrations #renvois #asile #réfugiés #machine_à_expulser #naturalisation #intégration #conditions_d'intégration #assimilation #titre_de_séjour #rhétorique #fermeté

    ping @isskein @karine4

  • Rückführung illegaler MigrantenNGOs üben scharfe Kritik an Nehammers Balkan-Plänen

    Österreich hat mit Bosnien die Rückführung illegaler Migranten vereinbart, Nehammer sagte Unterstützung zu. Laut NGOs mache sich Österreich damit „zum Komplizen eines Völkerrechtsbruches“.

    Innenminister #Karl_Nehammer (ÖVP) hat am Mittwoch seine Westbalkanreise fortgesetzt und mit Bosnien einen Rückführungsplan für irreguläre Migranten vereinbart. Mit dem Sicherheitsminister von Bosnien und Herzegowina, #Selmo_Cikotić, unterzeichnete er eine Absichtserklärung. Scharfe Kritik äußerten mehrere Initiativen in Österreich. Außerdem kündigte Nehammer an, dass Österreich für das abgebrannte Camp #Lipa 500.000 Euro bereitstellt, damit dieses winterfest gemacht wird.

    Die Arbeiten dazu haben laut dem Innenministerium bereits begonnen, mit dem Geld sollen ein Wasser- und Abwassernetz sowie Stromanschlüsse errichtet werden. Im Dezember war die Lage in Bihać eskaliert, nachdem das Camp Lipa im Nordwesten des Landes kurz vor Weihnachten von der Internationalen Organisation für Migration (IOM) geräumt worden war – mit der Begründung, dass es die bosnischen Behörden nicht winterfest gemacht hätten. Kurz darauf brannten die Zelte aus, den damaligen Berichten zufolge hatten Bewohner das Feuer selbst gelegt. Beobachter gehen davon aus, dass auch die Einheimischen das Feuer aus Wut auf die Flüchtenden gelegt haben könnten.

    Charterflüge für Migranten ohne Bleibechancen

    Zentrales Ziel der Balkanreise von Innenminister Nehammer ist die Erarbeitung von Rückführungsplänen mit den besuchten Ländern. Migranten ohne Bleibewahrscheinlichkeit, die laut Nehammer auch ein Sicherheitsproblem sind, sollen bereits von den Balkanländern in die Herkunftsländer zurückgebracht werden. Mit Bosnien wurde bereits ein Charterflug vereinbart. Damit zeige man den Menschen, dass es nicht sinnvoll sei, Tausende Euro in die Hände von Schleppern zu legen, ohne die Aussicht auf eine Bleibeberechtigung in der EU zu haben, betonte Nehammer.

    Die geplanten Rückführungen sollen über die im vergangenen Sommer bei der Ministerkonferenz in Wien angekündigte „Plattform gegen illegale Migration“ operativ organisiert werden. In die Koordinierungsplattform für Migrationspolitik mehrerer EU-Länder – darunter Deutschland – sowie der Westbalkanstaaten wird auch die EU-Kommission miteinbezogen.
    Beamte sollen im „Eskortentraining“ geschult werden

    Bosnien hat bereits auch konkrete Anliegen für Unterstützung vorgebracht. So sollen 50 sogenannte „Rückführungsspezialisten“ in Österreich trainiert werden. Diese sind bei Abschiebungen und freiwilligen Ausreisen für die Sicherheit in den Flugzeugen zuständig. Bei diesem sogenannten Eskortentraining werden die bosnischen Beamten theoretisch und praktisch geschult, in Absprache mit Frontex und unter Miteinbeziehung der Cobra, berichtete Berndt Körner, stellvertretender Exekutivdirektor von Frontex.

    „Wir helfen bei der Ausbildung, vermitteln Standards, das ändert aber nichts an der Verantwortlichkeit, die bleibt in den jeweiligen Ländern“, sagte er im Gespräch mit der APA. Es gehe darum, dass „alle internationalen Standards eingehalten werden“, betonte der österreichische Spitzenbeamte.
    NGOs sehen „falsches Zeichen“

    Scharfe Kritik an dem von Nehammer geplanten „Rückführungsplan“ übten unterdessen zahlreiche Initiativen aus der Zivilgesellschaft. „Wenn Österreich den Westbalkanländern helfen will, dann soll es diese Länder beim Aufbau von rechtsstaatlichen Asylverfahren unterstützen. Wenn allerdings Menschen, die in diesen Ländern keine fairen Verfahren erwarten können, einfach abgeschoben werden sollen und Österreich dabei hilft, macht es sich zum Komplizen eines Völkerrechtsbruches“, kritisierte etwa Maria Katharina Moser, Direktorin der Diakonie Österreich, in einer Aussendung.

    „Die Vertiefung der Zusammenarbeit mit der EU-Agentur Frontex ist ein falsches Zeichen“, erklärte Lukas Gahleitner-Gertz, Sprecher der NGO Asylkoordination Österreich. „Die Vorwürfe gegen Frontex umfassen inzwischen unterschiedlichste Bereiche von unterlassener Hilfeleistung über Beteiligung an illegalen Push-backs bis zur Verschwendung von Steuergeldern bei ausufernden Betriebsfeiern. Statt auf die strikte Einhaltung der völker- und menschenrechtlichen Verpflichtungen zu pochen, stärkt Österreich der umstrittenen Grenztruppe den Rücken.“

    „Im Flüchtlingsschutz müssen wir immer die Menschen im Auge haben, die Schutz suchen. Ich habe bei meiner Reise nach Bosnien selbst gesehen, unter welchen Bedingungen Geflüchtete leben müssen. Für mich ist klar: Diejenigen, die Schutz vor Verfolgung brauchen, müssen durch faire Asylverfahren zu ihrem Recht kommen“, sagte Erich Fenninger, Direktor der Volkshilfe Österreich und Sprecher der Plattform für eine menschliche Asylpolitik.

    https://www.kleinezeitung.at/politik/innenpolitik/5972469/Rueckfuehrung-illegaler-Migranten_NGOs-ueben-scharfe-Kritik-an

    #Autriche #Bosnie #accord #accord_bilatéral #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Balkans #renvois #route_des_Balkans #expulsions #Nehammer #Selmo_Cikotic #externalisation #camp_de_réfugiés #encampement #IOM #OIM #vols #charter #dissuasion #Plattform_gegen_illegale_Migration #machine_à_expulsion #Rückführungsspezialisten #spécialistes_du_renvoi (tentative de traduction de „Rückführungsspezialisten“) #avions #Eskortentraining #Frontex #Cobra #Berndt_Körner

  • Francia devolvió a España casi 16.000 migrantes en solo cinco meses

    Los números se han disparado coincidiendo con una mayor presión migratoria desde Canarias y con el blindaje que los franceses mantienen en los pasos compartidos.

    Los controles que ha impuesto Francia en sus puestos fronterizos con España como respuesta a la amenaza terrorista y a la covid están teniendo consecuencias en materia migratoria. Entre noviembre y marzo, las autoridades galas devolvieron a España 15.757 inmigrantes en situación irregular, más de 3.000 al mes, según datos de la policía francesa de fronteras divulgados por el diario francés Le Figaro (https://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/clandestins-les-frontieres-ont-ete-verrouillees-avec-l-italie-et-l-espagne-) y confirmados a El PAÍS. Los números se han disparado respecto al mismo periodo del año anterior coincidiendo con una mayor presión migratoria desde Canarias, pero también con el blindaje que los franceses mantienen unilateralmente en los pasos compartidos.

    La inmensa mayoría de los inmigrantes, 12.288 personas, fueron devueltos cuando intentaban entrar en territorio francés. La cifra triplica la registrada entre noviembre de 2019 y marzo de 2020. Las restantes 3.469 personas fueron interceptadas en departamentos vecinos, en particular de los Pirineos Orientales, que hacen frontera con Cataluña. En este caso se trata de un aumento del 25%. En esos controles las autoridades francesas han detenido a 108 personas por facilitar el cruce de los migrantes por la frontera. “Pueden ser camioneros o compatriotas, no son necesariamente parte de una organización estructurada”, declaró a Le Figaro el portavoz adjunto de la policía francesa, Christian Lajarrige.

    España y Francia forman parte del espacio Schengen y, en teoría, no hay frontera entre los dos países. Pero, desde los ataques terroristas de 2015, París ha establecido controles fronterizos amparándose en un artículo del tratado europeo que le permite realizarlos por razones de “seguridad nacional”. El pasado mes de noviembre, tras los últimos atentados en Francia, su presidente, Emmanuel Macron, dobló el número de efectivos en las fronteras (https://elpais.com/internacional/2020-11-05/macron-refuerza-los-controles-en-la-frontera-con-espana-e-italia-ante-el-ter) y desplegó 4.800 policías, gendarmes y militares para establecer controles 24 horas al día. Macron, que teme el ascenso de la extrema derecha de Marine Le Pen en las elecciones presidenciales del año que viene, cerró además 19 puestos fronterizos con España.

    El refuerzo de los controles también ha repercutido en la frontera alpina entre Francia e Italia. Entre noviembre y marzo, Francia impidió la entrada a 23.537 personas, el doble que en el mismo periodo un año antes, según las cifras citadas. A ellos se añaden, 2.502 migrantes detenidos en territorio francés, un aumento del 39%.

    Para expulsar a los inmigrantes que entran irregularmente a su territorio, Francia y España se valen de un acuerdo bilateral de 2002 (https://elpais.com/politica/2018/11/02/actualidad/1541179682_837419.html) que les permite la devolución en las cuatro horas siguientes al paso de la frontera. El acuerdo contempla una serie de garantías, como que los inmigrantes sean entregados a la policía española o que se formalice por escrito su devolución. Los datos de la policía francesa no especifican cuántos inmigrantes han sido devueltos sobre la base de este acuerdo bilateral, pero fuentes policiales y los propios inmigrantes han señalado que la mayor parte se realiza sin que medie un solo trámite.

    Las abultadas cifras no significan, en cualquier caso, que todas las personas devueltas se queden en España. Los gendarmes controlan con celo puentes, estaciones, autobuses, coches y trenes, pero la mayoría de los migrantes lo vuelve a intentar tres, cuatro y hasta cinco veces hasta que finalmente consiguen cruzar. Entre marzo y abril EL PAÍS ha estado en contacto con 14 migrantes, la mayoría malienses, que tenían como objetivo llegar a París y a otras ciudades francesas. Todos, antes o después y tras varios intentos, lo lograron.

    Buena parte de los migrantes que estos meses se han dirigido a la frontera francesa proceden de Canarias. Tras meses bloqueados en las islas han conseguido llegar a la Península por sus propios medios o, en el caso de los más vulnerables, ha sido la Secretaría de Estado de Migraciones la que los ha derivado a centros de acogida en otras provincias. No se conoce cuántos de ellos deciden quedarse en España, pero siempre hay un porcentaje importante que se marcha a Francia y a otros países europeos para encontrarse con parientes y amigos.

    Estos flujos migratorios, los llamados movimientos secundarios, son una obsesión para París y Berlín que presionan a Madrid para que evite que los migrantes se muevan por el continente. Francia, de hecho, ya ha puesto sobre la mesa una reforma del tratado Schengen para revisar las normas que rigen el espacio de libre circulación en Europa y reforzar el control de fronteras interiores.

    https://elpais.com/espana/2021-04-24/francia-devolvio-a-espana-casi-16000-migrantes-en-solo-cinco-meses.html?ssm=

    #France #Espagne #renvois #expulsions #frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #chiffres #statistiques
    #accord_bilatéral #accord_de_réadmission #accords_de_réadmission

    –—

    voir la liste des accords de réadmissions signés par des pays européens et utilisés pour renvoyer (directement sans leur donner la possibilité de déposer une demande d’asile) des personnes à la recherche d’un refuge :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/736091

  • Le #Kosovo va-t-il rejoindre les normes européennes ?

    3 avril - 18h30 : #Frontex a récemment conduit une #évaluation des systèmes #IT au Kosovo, pour préparer la mise en place d’un système compatible avec #Eurodac dans le cadre du projet « #Regional_Support_to _Protection-Sensitive_Migration_Management in the WB and Turkey ». En effet, le Kosovo a déjà des systèmes de collectes de #données efficaces mais qui ont été mis en place par les Américains et qui ne respectent pas les normes européennes. Par ailleurs, Le Bureau européen d’appui en matière d’asile (#EASO) a préparé un plan pour la mise en place d’un #système_d’asile au Kosovo aligné sur les #normes_européennes.

    Enfin, du fait de son statut particulier, le Kosovo n’a que peu d’#accords_de_réadmission pour expulser les ressortissant.e.s de pays tiers sur son territoire. L’idée de l’UE serait de mutualiser les retours à l’échelle des Balkans pour contourner cette difficulté.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/refugies-balkans-les-dernieres-infos

    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #Balkans #route_des_Balkans #réadmission #retours #renvois

    –-

    ajouté à la métaliste sur l’externalisation des frontières :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/731749
    Et plus précisément :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/731749#message782649

  • Turkey’s return policies to Syria & their impacts on migrants and refugees’ human rights

    –-> Chapitre 7 de ce rapport intitulé « Return Mania. Mapping Policies and Practices in the EuroMed Region » :

    https://euromedrights.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/EN_Chapter-7-Turkey_Report_Migration.pdf

    #renvois #expulsions #Turquie #réfugiés #asile #migrations #réfugiés_syriens #retour_au_pays #droits_humains #rapport #EuroMed_Rights

    –—

    ajouté à la métaliste sur les « retours au pays » des réfugiés syriens :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/904710

    ping @isskein @karine4 @rhoumour @_kg_