• Un autre hiver... un de plus...
    Winter conditions add to migrant hardship in northern Greece

    Freezing weather is exacerbating difficult conditions for migrants in overcrowded refugee camps in northern Greece. Last week the cold spell led to a protest by dozens of migrants at a camp near Thessaloniki. Greek officials have blamed the number of people flooding into the camp from the islands and across the Turkish border. But could the situation have been prevented?

    Harsh winter conditions hit northern Greece a few days into the new year, bringing sub-zero temperatures, strong winds, snow and ice. In the Diavata refugee camp near the port city of Thessaloniki, several hundred people are struggling with basic survival. Yet every week, despite the weather conditions, more continue to arrive.

    “They don’t think about this kind of thing, they just want to move on,” said one man at Diavata after another Afghan family arrived in the snow. “They just think that in the next stage from Turkey, when they go to Greece, everything will be fine.”

    Camp protests

    When they reach Diavata, the migrants find the reality is different. The camp is full to capacity, with around 800 registered asylum seekers. On top of these, there are between 500 and 650 people living at the site without having been registered by migration authorities.

    “Most of them have built their own makeshift shelters and tents, which are not providing them with the protection needed,” says Mike Bonke, the Greece country director of the Arbeiter Samariter Bund (ASB), an NGO providing support services to Diavata. “They have no (safe) heating, washing and sanitation and cooking facilities.”

    Last week, the difficult conditions prompted around 40 migrants to hold a protest outside the camp, burning tires and blockading the road. A truck driver tried to get through the barricade resulting in a fight which left one man in hospital.

    The driver lost his patience and started swearing at the migrants, who threw rocks and broke his windscreen, reports said. The driver and four migrants were charged with causing grievous bodily harm, according to the Greek daily, Katherimini.

    Conditions create health concerns

    Diavata is just one of a number of migrant facilities in northern Greece to have been affected by the cold snap. An NGO contacted by InfoMigrants said that Orestiada, near the Evros river to the east, was covered in snow. Migrants in the critically overcrowded camps on the islands too are contending with snow, frozen water pipes and icy roads.

    According to the ASB, the refugee reception camps lack resources to cope with the current conditions. “Healthcare services at all (refugee reception) sites are not adequate,” Bonke says.

    Agis Terzidis, an advisor to the Greek Minister of Health and Vice-President of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) which coordinates healthcare provision to migrants and refugees, admits that the cold weather, in addition to the poor conditions and overcrowding in the camps, is exacerbating migrants’ health problems. “We have people living in conditions that are not acceptable for anyone,” he says.

    National health system must step up

    In response to the worsening situation, there are plans to boost EU-funded medical teams operating in camps throughout the country, including the islands, Agis Terzidis says. But he told InfoMigrants that from now on, more pressure would be put on the Greek national health system and local hospitals to tackle the problem, rather than medical staff in the camps themselves.

    Terzidis also insisted that fixing the situation in the camps was “not in the mandate” of the CDC, as it was chiefly a result of greater numbers of people arriving and consequent overcrowding.

    Instead, the CDC’s main priority remains vaccinating migrants to prevent outbreaks of hepatitis, measles and other infectious diseases. It also focuses on treating those suffering from chronic diseases, some of whom will likely succumb to the harsh winter conditions.

    Too many people

    With more bleak weather predicted, a vegetable garden is being planned in the Diavata camp, giving the residents something to look forward to. That will have to be abandoned if more people start to arrive when the weather improves.

    The camps continue to be under pressure from the large and unpredictable numbers of arrivals. Currently there are around 20 arrivals per week at Diavata, but that could quickly escalate to hundreds. So far, Greek authorities do not seem to have taken steps to limit how many end up at the camps seeking protection.

    I think we can all agree that this situation should have been solved by registering these refugees in the Greek Migration system and providing them with dignified and safe shelters.
    _ Mike Bonke, Greece country director, Arbeiter Samariter Bund

    As both government and army staff and their NGO colleagues in the camps remain powerless to solve the problem of overcrowding, their main task will be to protect migrants from harm and exposure as the winter enters its coldest months.

    #Grèce #asile #migrations #réfugiés #camps_de_réfugiés #neige #froid #Salonique #Softex #Diavata #résistance #protestation

  • Questions d’#identité dans les #Balkans du XXe siècle

    L’ensemble de ce numéro est consacré à des articles nés de colloques, de varia ou des comptes rendus tous liés à des phénomènes humains. La première partie est axée sur les témoignages, témoignages de femmes résistantes ou déportées pendant la décennie 1940 dans les Balkans, des existences jetées par l’histoire dans des situations exceptionnelles, un « Malgré-nous » mosellan qui se retrouve dans les montagnes albanaises, une paysanne roumaine jetée en Sibérie, une jeune fille contrainte à « prendre la montagne » puis à rejoindre l’URSS avant de réussir à retrouver la France, des femmes qui « choisissent » la collaboration horizontale en Serbie... Nous retrouvons dans une seconde partie les questions identitaires en particulier à Chypre et en Macédoine avec des textes rares sur la République de Chypre du Nord et l’imbroglio identitaire macédonien du XXe siècle.


    Joëlle Dalègre
    Questions d’identité dans les Balkans du XXe siècle… [Texte intégral]

    Narrations de soi, récits littéraires et identité

    Maria Thanopoulou
    Mémoire de la #survie et survie de la #mémoire [Texte intégral]
    Mémoire orale de la Seconde Guerre mondiale en #Grèce
    Memory Survival and Survival of Memory, Oral Memory of WWII in Greece
    Alexandra Vranceanu Pagliardini
    Du Journal de #Mihail_Sebastian au Retour du #hooligan : une vie de #Norman_Manea [Texte intégral]
    L’évasion dans la république des lettres
    From Mihail Sebastian’s Journal 1935-1944 : The Fascist Years to Norman Manea’s The Hooligan’s Return : A Memoir : the Escape to the Republic of Letters
    De la Jurnalul lui Mihail Sebastian la Întoarcerea huliganului de Norman Manea : evadarea în republica literelor
    Evelyne Noygues
    Le périple en #Albanie d’un « Malgré-nous » mosellan [Texte intégral]
    The trip in Albania of one “Malgré-nous” from Moselle
    Udhëtimi në Shqipëri e një « Malgré-nous » mosellan
    Hélène Lenz
    #Déportation d’une famille paysanne roumaine en #Sibérie (1941-1945) [Texte intégral]
    Deportation in Siberia of a Rumanian Peasant Family (1941-1945)
    Primele etape ale deportării în Siberia a unei familii de țărani din Bucovina în 1941
    Katina Tenda‑Latifis
    Témoignage : #Katina_Tenda‑Latifis [Texte intégral]
    Partisane, exilée, exportatrice de vins grecs et écrivain
    Testimony : Katina Tenda Latifis, Partisan, Exiled, Greek Wines Exporter and Writer
    Odette Varon‑Vassard
    Voix de #femmes [Texte intégral]
    Témoignages de jeunes filles juives grecques survivantes de la #Shoah
    Women’s Voices : Testimonies of Greek Jewish Women Who Survived the Shoah
    Γυναικείες φωνές : Μαρτυρίες Ελληνοεβραίων γυναικών που επέζησαν από τη Shoah
    Loïc Marcou
    La Shoah à #Salonique dans l’œuvre de l’écrivain #Georges_Ioannou [Texte intégral]
    The Holocaust in Salonika in the Work of the Writer Georges Ioannou
    Το Ολοκαύτωμα στη Θεσσαλονίκη στο έργο του συγγραφέα Γιώργου Ιωάννου
    Nicolas Pitsos
    Les noces de sang macédoniennes ou comment marier fiction et histoire dans le roman Que demandent les barbares de #Dimosthénis_Koúrtovik [Texte intégral]
    Macedonian Bloody Wedding or How to Match Fiction and History in Dimosthenis Kurtovic’s Novel What the Barbarians are Looking For
    Ο ματωμένος Μακεδονικός γάμος ή πώς παντρεύονται μυθοπλασία και ιστορία στο μυθιστόρημα Τι ζητούν οι βάρβαροι του Δημοσθένη Κούρτοβικ

    Discours politique, historiographie et identité

    Christina Alexopoulos
    Nationalisme d’État, #répression des #minorités linguistiques et revendications identitaires [Texte intégral]
    Le cas du #macédonien dans la Grèce des années 1930 et 1940
    State Nationalism, Repression of Linguistic Minorities and Identity Claims : the Case of the Macedonian Language in Greece during the 30’ and 40’
    Isabelle Dépret
    #Islam hétérodoxe et #christianisme en Grèce [Texte intégral]
    Tabous, #identités_religieuses et #discours nationaux
    Heterodox Islam and Christianism in Greece : Taboos, Religious Identities and National Discourse
    Ετερόδοξο Ισλάμ και Χριστιανισμός στην Ελλάδα : Ταμπού, θρησκευτικές ταυτότητες και εθνικός λόγος
    Ljubinka Škodrić
    Intimate Relations between Women and the German Occupiers in Serbia 1941-1944 [Texte intégral]
    Relations intimes entre des femmes et des occupants allemands en #Serbie, 1941-1944
    Alexandre Lapierre
    Identité nationale et relations communautaires à travers l’œuvre poétique de #Kóstas_Montis [Texte intégral]
    National Identity and Communities Relations through the Poems of Costas Montis
    Mathieu Petithomme
    Mémoire et politique à #Chypre_du_Nord [Texte intégral]
    Les usages des #célébrations_patriotiques et des #manuels_scolaires par le #nationalisme turc
    Memory and Politics in Northern Cyprus : Patriotic Celebrations and School Textbooks as used by Turkish Nationalism
    Η Μνήμη και τα πολιτικά στην Βόρεια Κύπρο : Πατριωτικές τελετές και σχολικά εγχειρίδια όπως χρησομιποιούνται από τον τούρκικο εθνικισμό
    Mathieu Petithomme
    Système partisan et évolution des clivages politiques à Chypre du Nord (1974-2014) [Texte intégral]
    Party System and Evolution of the Political Cleavages in Northern Cyprus (1974-2014)
    Κομματικό σύστημα και εξέλιξη των πολιτικών διαιρέσεων στην Βόρεια Κύπρο (1974-2014)

    #revue #Chypre #littérature
    via @ville_en

  • Abandoned Factory Turned Into Home For Up To 700 Refugees In Greece

    An abandoned 6,000-square-foot textile factory has recently been repurposed to serve as a housing and medical facility for refugees in Thessaloniki, Greece.

    #Grèce #Thessalonique #Salonique #asile #migrations #réfugiés #camp_de_réfugiés #Elpida_Home_Project #Elpida #logement #hébergement