• Anti-eviction map

    The Anti-Eviction Mapping Project is a data-visualization, data analysis, and #storytelling collective documenting the dispossession and resistance upon gentrifying landscapes. Primarily working in the #San_Francisco_Bay Area, #Los_Angeles, and #New_York_City, we are all volunteers producing digital maps, oral history work, film, murals, and community events. Working with a number of community partners and in solidarity with numerous housing movements, we study and visualize new entanglements of global capital, real estate, technocapitalism, and political economy. Our narrative oral history and video work centers the displacement of people and complex social worlds, but also modes of resistance. Maintaining antiracist and feminist analyses as well as decolonial methodology, the project creates tools and disseminates data contributing to collective resistance and movement building.


    https://www.antievictionmap.com
    #cartographie #cartographie_critique #cartographie_radicale #évacuation #résistance #gentrification #urban_matter #USA #Etats-Unis #histoires #histoire_orale #solidarité #logement #habitat #décolonial
    ping @karine4 @cede

  • Urbane Kämpfe - Peter Nowak
    https://peter-nowak-journalist.de/2019/10/02/urbane-kaempfe

    Google, Facebook, Uber: Das Buch von Katja Schwaller nimmt die Aus­beu­tungs­ver­hält­nisse der Kon­zerne unter die Lupe, die das neue kapi­ta­lis­tische Akku­mu­la­ti­ons­modell prägen und beschreibt Wider­stands­formen. Die Autorin lebte in Zürich und so ist auch der Euro­p­allee ein Kapitel gewidmet.

    Kürzlich hat das Par­lament des US-Bun­des­staat Kali­fornien ein Gesetz beschlossen, das den Beschäf­tigten der Fahr­dienst­leister Uber und Lyft ein Recht auf Min­destlohn und weitere Sozi­al­leis­tungen garan­tiert. Es ist auch ein Erfolg einer wach­senden Pro­test­be­wegung in den USA, die sich gegen Kon­zerne wie Google, Facebook und Uber richtet. Die Jour­na­listin Katja Schwaller hat ein Buch her­aus­geben, das über diese .…

    .…. «urbanen Kämpfe in der San Fran­cisco Bay Area» infor­miert.

    Die Welt der Armut

    In 15 Bei­trägen und Inter­views wird sehr anschaulich beschrieben, welche gra­vie­renden Umwäl­zungen der Arbeits- und Lebens­be­din­gungen vieler Men­schen mit dem Auf­stieg der Gig-Öko­nomie ver­bunden sind. Der Soziologe Chris Herring beschreibt die Kri­mi­na­li­sierung von Obdach­losen durch eine mit­tel­stän­dische Bevöl­kerung, die sofort die Polizei alar­miert, wenn sie einen ver­meintlich Woh­nungs­losen sehen. «Obdach­lo­sigkeit ist in der San Fran­cisco Bay all­ge­gen­wärtig. Rund 20000 Men­schen schlafen in der Metro­po­len­region jede Nacht unter Brücken, in Haus­ein­gängen in Autos oder Not­über­nach­tungen», wird die Welt der Armut und Not beschrieben, die oft und gerne über­sehen wird, wenn über das Silicon- Valley berichtet wird. Diese Obdach­lo­sigkeit in den Städten ist ein neueres Phä­nomen.« Erst in den späten 1970er und frühen 1980er Jahren traten erstmals Szenen auf, wie wir sie in San Fran­cisco nur zu gut kennen: riesige Zelt­städte unter Auto­bahn­brücken und in Wohn­vierteln, lange Schlangen vor Sup­pen­küchen und Tau­sende, die von Sup­pen­küchen und von Essen­s­tafeln abhängig sind», beschreibt Chris Herring eine Ent­wicklung im glo­balen Kapi­ta­lismus. Die Armut ist wieder Teil des Alltags und auch längst in fast allen euro­päi­schen Metro­polen ein­ge­zogen.

    Der Berg gewöhn­licher Arbeit

    Der Wirt­schafts­geo­graph Richard Walker widerlegt den Silicon-Valley-Mythos von den saube- ren, gut bezahlten Arbeits­plätzen. Das treffe nur für einen kleinen Teil der Tech­niker zu. Walker richtet seinen Blick auf die vielen «ungla­muo­rösen Jobs in den Maschi­nen­hallen, Lager­hallen, Küchen und Last­wagen», ohne die die Tech-Industrie nicht funk- tio­nieren würde. «Die Tech-Industrie ist viel­leicht die Spitze der modernen indus­tri­ellen Ent­wicklung, Inno­vation und Pro­fi­ta­bi­lität. Doch sie beruht immer noch auf einen ganzen Berg weniger qua­li­fi­zierter, gewöhn­licher Arbeit», schreibt Walker am Schluss eines auf­schluss­reichen Auf­satzes. Damit wider­spricht er auch Uber-Pro­pa­ganda, wie sie der süd­afri­ka­nische Poli­tik­wis­sen­schaftler und asso­zi­iertes Mit­glied des Ein­stein-Zen­trums in Digitale Zukunft in Berlin Ayad al-Ani in einem Interview mit der links­li­be­ralen Wochen­zeitung Jungle World ver­breitet. Dort sti­li­siert er die Crowdworker*innen als Gruppe von Individualist*innen, die Gewerk­schaften zur juris­ti­schen Beratung akzep­tieren, aber auf Kon­zepte gewerk­schaft­licher Gegen­macht nicht ansprechbar sind. Dabei müsste es gerade darum gehen, aus den vielen indi­vi­duell aus­ge­beu­teten Beschäf­tigten durch kon­krete Kämpfe und Bil­dungs­arbeit eine neue Klas- se mit gemein­samen Inter­essen und Kampf­ak­tionen zu formen. Dafür gibt es genügend Anre­gungen.

    Von San Fran­cisco in Euro­pa­allee

    In meh­reren Kapiteln werden unter­schied­liche Pro­test­formen gegen Google, Uber und Co. vor­ge­stellt. Dazu gehört die Blo­ckade von Google-Bussen, in denen die gut­be­zahlte Schicht der Beschäf­tigten von ihren Lofts zu ihren Arbeits­plätzen trans­por­tiert werden. Die Her­aus­ge­berin des Buches Katja Schwaller hat lange in der Schweiz gelebt, das Buch wurde auch von der Schweizer Kul­tur­stiftung Pro Hel­vetia finan­ziell gefördert. Wich­tiger ist, dass Schwaller in der Ein­leitung Bezüge zur Schweiz herstellt:«DieBayAreamag in gewisser Weise das Labo­ra­torium der High-Tech- Industrie aus dem Silicon Valley sein. Doch Letztere ist eine globale Ope­ration: Von den iphone-Fabriken im chi­ne­si­schen Shenzhen zu den Berg­bau­minen im Kongo, von den Ama­zon­ver­ar­bei­tungs­zentren in Vir­ginia zum gigan­ti­schen Google-Campus in San Jose, von der geplanten Smart City in Toronto bis zur Startup-Szene in Berlin oder der Euro­pa­allee in Zürich».

    Über die schreibt die Schweizer Künst­lerin Romy Rüegger einen kurzen Beitrag im Buch. Dort ist sie auf die Ver­än­de­rungen ein­ge­gangen, die der Züricher Bou­levard durch den Zuzug von Google erfahren hat. «Die feh­lenden Bäume in der Euro­pa­allee sind ersetzt durch unter­ir­dische Stränge, Strom­kabel und Daten­lei­tungen». Vor allem aber sind die Grund­stücks­preise rund um den Züricher Haupt­bahnhof nach Angaben des Vereins Neugass um 89 Prozent gestiegen. Ruegger erwähnt aber auch, dass das zivil­ge­sell­schaft­liche Enga­gement Spuren hin­ter­lassen hat. «Unter Druck der Öffent­lichkeit und mit Verweis auf die 30-Prozent- Klausel für genos­sen­schaft­liches Wohnen, welche die Stadt Zürich erreichen soll, wurde von Initia­tiven aus der Bevöl­kerung ein Teil der noch unbe­bauten Bahn­hofs­ein­falls­schneisen mitt­ler­weile für genossen- schaft­liches Bauen ein­ge­fordert». Es wird zu beobach- ten sein, ob solche Pro­jekte mehr sind als ein ökolo- gisches Män­telchen, dass sich Kon­zerne wie Google gerne umhängen, um sich als die freund­li­chere, öko- logi­schere Variante des Kapi­ta­lismus anzu­preisen.

    Erfolg ist möglich

    Die im Buch vor­ge­stellten Wider­stands­formen gegen Uber, Google und Co. zeigen, dass man auch Er- folg haben kann, wenn man sich auf die Koope­ra­tions- und Dia­log­an­gebote dieser Kon­zerne nicht ein­lässt.

    Eryn McElroy stellt ein Map­ping­projekt vor, auf denen Orte der Ver­drängung auf­ge­führt sind. Darüber berichtete McElroy 2017 in Berlin auf einer Ver­an­staltung Ber­liner Anti-Google-Kam­pagne. Mitt­ler­weile ist der geplante Google-Campus in Berlin-Kreuzberg für einige Jahre ver­schoben worden. Davon handelt der letzte Beitrag des Buches. Die Ber­liner Anti-Google- Aktivist*nnen haben von ihren Freund*nnen in den USA gelernt, dass nicht Ver­hand­lungen mit den Konzern sondern Wider­stand Erfolge bringen. McElory beschreibt, wie sich in den urbanen Kämpfen ver­schiedene Wider­stands­formen zusam­men­ge­funden haben. Betrieb­liche Kämpfe gegen eine Kün­digung mit Stadt­teil­in­itia­tiven, die sich gegen die Gen­tri­fi­zierung wehrten.

    Das Buch ist aber vor allem deshalb so wichtig, weil die Aus­beu­tungs­ver­hält­nisse der Kon­zerne unter die Lupe nimmt, die das neue kapi­ta­lis­tische Akku­mu­la­ti­ons­modell prägen werden. Auch die durchaus begrüs­sens­werte Bewegung gegen die alte for­dis­tische Auto­mo­bil­in­dustrie läuft Gefahr, am Ende Uber, Google und Co. in die Hände zu spielen, wenn sie keine klar anti­ka­pi­ta­lis­tische Per­spektive ent­wi­ckelt. Konzernsprecher*innen von Uber reden in höchsten Tönen von der Ver­schrottung der alten Auto­mo­bil­in­dustrie und bieten ihre Pro­dukte als Alter­native an. Aber die gesamte app-basierte Öko­nomie ist weder öko­lo­gisch noch frei von Aus­beutung. Es wäre über­haupt nichts gewonnen, wenn auf den For­dismus der Ube­rismus folgt. Daher wird im Buch der Wider­stand des 21. Jahr­hun­derts beschrieben.

    #mondialisation #uberisation #lutte_des_classes #capitalisme #syndicalisme #logement #travail #USA #San_Francisco

  • San Francisco tech bus protests - Wikipedia
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco_tech_bus_protests


    Quand un régime affiche trop les privilège de ses agents, le peuple se rebelle. Les cars climatisés #Google sont aujourd’hui pour les habitants de #San_Francisco ce que les cars #Stasi constituaient pour les habitants de #Berlin-Est.

    San Francisco tech bus protests were a series of community-based activism held by residents of the San Francisco Bay Area beginning in late 2013, when the use of shuttle buses employed by local area tech companies became widely publicized. The tech buses have been called “Google buses” although that term is pars pro toto, in that many

    https://seenthis.net/messages/793645

    #USA = #DDR ?!? ;-)

  • Emmett Grogan
    Une vie jouée sans temps morts

    Mathieu Léonard

    https://lavoiedujaguar.net/Emmett-Grogan-Une-vie-jouee-sans-temps-morts

    « Emmett Grogan n’existe pas, c’est un canular, terme générique désignant un héros existentiel de notre temps », s’exclament les Diggers, cette bande d’activistes déterminés à transformer le théâtre en art insurrectionnel dans le San Francisco de 1966. Quand le 3 octobre 1966, pour leur première apparition publique, les Diggers bloquent la circulation en distribuant un texte qui critique la récupération de la « révolution psychédélique » par le star system et les marchands, ils risquent des poursuites pour « trouble à l’ordre public ». Pourtant, Emmett Grogan existe bel et bien, c’est même une des personnalités les plus charismatiques de la bande. Cultivant une dégaine de voyou irlandais, casquette en tweed du Donegal et paraboots montantes, il détonne au milieu des hippies perchés qui fleurissent dans le quartier de Haight Ashbury. Au geste de la main du peace and love, il préfère un « V » avec la paume de la main vers l’intérieur, ce qui chez les Britanniques correspond au doigt d’honneur. À lire Ringolevio , le récit romancé de sa vie, que rééditent les éditions L’Échappée, Emmett Grogan a toujours eu l’âme d’un troublemaker. (...)

    #autobiographie #Emmett_Grogan #Diggers #San_Francisco #sixties

  • Housing act gives purchase power to San Francisco nonprofits - Shareable
    https://www.shareable.net/housing-act-gives-purchase-power-san-francisco-nonprofits

    The San Francisco Bay Area has been experiencing a housing affordability crisis for quite some time now. Homelessness has reached unprecedented levels, evictions have skyrocketed, and many people are finding it difficult to live in the cities they work in. It’s the magnitude of this crisis which compelled San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors to unanimously pass a piece of legislation this month that could give a big boost to affordable housing in the Bay Area.

    The Community Opportunity to Purchase Act, or “COPA,” is the result of years of organizing by housing rights organizations. The act makes it easier for housing nonprofits (including land trusts) to compete in a market that is currently dominated by giant developers and speculators.

    COPA does this through two policies: the right of first offer and the right of first refusal. The former requires landlords who are selling privately owned properties with three or more units (or any properties that are zoned as such) to first offer their property to local housing nonprofits before they go to the open market. The right of first refusal gives housing nonprofits the right to match the sale price of any of these properties that do make it to market — meaning as long as they are paying market rate, nonprofits will be given priority.

    “We have people that have lived here for generations and who are being priced out of the city because of a massive influx in wealth,” Ian Fregosi told Shareable. “And so we can’t really just sit back and let the market run its course.”

    Fregosi is a legislative aide to San Francisco District 1 Supervisor Sandra Lee Fewer, who authored COPA. The overwhelming support for this act is a consequence of the housing affordability crisis in San Francisco, a city which has seen its stock of affordable housing stagnate in recent years.

    Currently, housing nonprofits are subject to a variety of limitations that make it difficult to compete with cash buyers.

    “In many cases, the nonprofit never gets a chance to really bid on the property because they have to deal with a lot of other factors,” Fregosi explained. “They have to get funding from multiple sources … to be able to make a bid in the first place, for example. These things take time.”

    But COPA shifts this dynamic by requiring sellers to notify a predetermined list of local housing nonprofits before they put their property to market. The act would give the nonprofits five days to respond and then an additional 25 days to make a concrete offer to the property owner, a time window that could make a substantial difference. Proponents of the act hope it will begin to address some of the affordable housing shortages in the city.

    But despite making nonprofits more competitive, COPA leaves a city still gripped by market forces. Sellers are under no obligation to sell their properties to nonprofits, so the latter can still be easily outbid by buyers who have more money.

    A more recent move, also in Washington D.C, is the District Opportunity to Purchase Act (DOPA), which gives the District itself a chance to purchase units if the tenants cannot. DOPA was passed in late 2018, so it’s too soon to know how successful the law will be, but over its forty-year lifespan, TOPA has proven to be a useful tool in combating gentrification in D.C.

    “The D.C. laws are where a lot of the inspiration for COPA came from,” Fregosi said. “It’s a good anti-displacement policy which we actually expanded on by making sure that the properties that are purchased through COPA are permanently removed from the speculative market and preserved as permanently affordable housing.”

    The idea is starting to catch on across the San Francisco Bay. Fregosi has been fielding interest from city representatives and activists in cities including Berkeley and Oakland.

    #Logement #Communs #San_Francisco

  • Mapping #San_Francisco ’s Human Waste Challenge - 132,562 Cases Reported In The Public Way Since 2008
    https://www.forbes.com/sites/adamandrzejewski/2019/04/15/mapping-san-franciscos-human-waste-challenge-132562-case-reports-since-2008

    Affluent sections of the city have become dangerous with open-air drug use, tens of thousands of discarded needles, and, sadly, human feces.

    Since 2011, there have been at least 118,352 reported instances of human fecal matter on city streets.

    #déchets

  • In San Francisco, Making a Living From Your Billionaire Neighbor’s Trash - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/07/us/trash-pickers-san-francisco-zuckerberg.html

    A military veteran who fell into homelessness and now lives in government subsidized housing, Mr. Orta is a full-time trash picker, part of an underground economy in San Francisco of people who work the sidewalks in front of multimillion-dollar homes, rummaging for things they can sell.

    Trash picking is a profession more often associated with shantytowns and favelas than a city at the doorstep of Silicon Valley. The Global Alliance of Waste Pickers, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, counts more than 400 trash picking organizations across the globe, almost all of them in Latin America, Africa and southern Asia.

    But trash scavengers exist in many United States cities and, like the rampant homelessness in San Francisco, are a signpost of the extremes of American capitalism. A snapshot from 2019: One of the world’s richest men and a trash picker, living a few minutes’ walk from each other.

    Mr. Orta, 56, sees himself as more of a treasure hunter.

    “It just amazes me what people throw away,” he said one night, as he found a pair of gently used designer jeans, a new black cotton jacket, gray Nike running sneakers and a bicycle pump. “You never know what you will find.”

    Nick Marzano, an Australian photographer who publishes a glossy magazine, Mission Gold, which documents the world of trash pickers in San Francisco, estimates there are several hundred garbage scavengers in the city.

    “It’s a civic service as I see it,” Mr. Marzano said. “Rather than this stuff going to landfill the items are being reused.”

    Mr. Marzano says there is overlap among trash picking and homelessness and public drug use — the street conditions that have ranked at the top of residents’ concerns for several years. But he sees trash picking, and the spontaneous sidewalk markets that pop up in neighborhoods like the Mission and Tenderloin, as a form of entrepreneurship.

    “It’s the primary form of income for people who have no other income,” he said.

    #San_Francisco #Inégalités #Poubelles

  • Histoire d’un souvenir d’enfance
    http://liminaire.fr/derives/article/histoire-d-un-souvenir-d-enfance

    Il y a quelques mois, mes filles m’ont demandé si je me souvenais d’un film que nous avions vu en famille lorsqu’elles étaient enfants. Elles m’ont décrit avec précision les dernières images du film. Sur une plage déserte, au moment du coucher de soleil, un homme s’avance seul vers la mer sans s’arrêter et disparaît dans les vagues. Cette image les obsédait toutes les deux depuis longtemps. Elles ne parvenaient pas à retrouver le film dans laquelle elle figurait. Je n’ai pas une très bonne #Mémoire et je (...)

    #Dérives / #Biographie, #Cinéma, #Absence, #Corps, #Ciel, #Enfance, #Fantôme, #Musique, #Voix, #Vidéo, #Sons, #Voyage, #San_Francisco, #États-Unis, Mémoire, (...)

    #Mort
    « https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Une_%C3%A9toile_est_n%C3%A9e_(film,_1937) »
    « https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Une_%C3%A9toile_est_n%C3%A9e_(film,_1954) »
    « https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Une_%C3%A9toile_est_n%C3%A9e_(film,_1976) »
    « https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Star_Is_Born_(film,_2018) »

  • Taxi 2.0: The Bumpy Road to the Future of Cabs - Motherboard
    https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/gvy5dy/taxi-20-the-bumpy-road-to-the-future-of-cabs-video

    https://vimeo.com/94803083

    After a typical honeymoon period of unquestioning and often oblivious tech culture praise, Uber and its taxi app brethren are getting some real, overdue scrutiny. Thank cabbies in part, for highlighting the fact that much of Uber’s business model success has to do with bypassing basic taxi regulations, safety checks, and continuous commercial insurance coverage, in a monoplistic bid for all sides of the taxi market. Protests and lawsuits and injunctions now follow close behind these companies into nearly every new city they zoom into, with the requisite lawyers and lobbyists in the backseat.

    At the same time, anyone who’s experienced a city knows that licensed taxi companies are due for an upgrade, and maybe some of these apps’ success has to do with the old industry’s disinterest in adaptation. Shutting out the Uber model—and its rather edgier “rideshare” kin, like Lyft and SideCar and UberX—from the ride-for-hire ecosystem is as poor an answer as allowing it to persist without the institution of new checks and rules.

    In the short documentary “Taxi 2.0,” filmmaker Max Maddox attacks the issue from street-level in San Francisco by talking to taxi and Uber and Lyft drivers and the people that use each. No one comes away looking great. Everyone’s trying to figure out what it all means. (Where, exactly, is the sharing in this sharing economy? And how are these taxis called “rideshares” when there’s no real ride-sharing going on?) Apart from concerns about unfair competition, says Maddox, “taxi proponents say these rideshares are unsafe for the public. In the midst of this drama, drivers on both sides of the playing field struggle just to put bread on the table.”

    Here we see the specter not only of a new labor war in the taxi industry, between established hacks and amateur upstarts armed with GPS maps, but a of a stratified ride-for-hire future, in which taxis are left carrying the unconnected lower classes, while Uber and the like carry the relative big money. Technology has a way of dividing us like that.

    I usually feel half-guilty when I get in a TNC, but the cab system is far from perfect at the same time.

    Maddox, a broadcasting student at San Francisco State University whose interest was piqued after seeing “so many mustached cars drive by,” came away from the months-long project with mixed feelings about the future of cabs.

    “After interviewing all these guys, I’m still on the fence about transportation network companies, or rideshares, whatever you want to call them,” Maddox says. “I usually feel half-guilty when I get in a TNC, but the cab system is far from perfect at the same time. I can’t endorse one platform over the other. I just hope something changes so they can coexist.”

    ’Taxi 2.0’ Credits: Producer: Max Maddox; Editor: Jarod Taber; Photographer: Asger Ladefoged; Writer: Ben Mitchell; Sound: Gabe Romero Associate Producer: Jason Garcia

    #Taxi #Uber #USA #San_Francisco

  • What Public Life Used to Look Like in San Francisco’s Mission District | The New Yorker
    https://www.newyorker.com/culture/photo-booth/what-public-life-used-to-look-like-in-san-franciscos-mission-district

    Fabuleuses photos de The Mission à San Francisco

    The photographer Janet Delaney first came to San Francisco in 1967, for the Summer of Love. By the time she began living in the Mission, in the nineteen-eighties, she had learned Spanish and trained herself to recognize moments of quiet revelation in the streets. “I’ve always seen San Francisco as a small place where big things happen,” she says. “There’s a kind of freedom in being on the West Coast, as if your parents aren’t around.” She was an interloper in the Mission, not having been raised there. And yet, like many new arrivals, she found her place—and her subject—by studying the people for whom it was home.

    The area was busy and fast-moving then, with domestic culture spilling out onto the public turf. Photographing life in the streets was fluid and spontaneous work—“like shooting from the solar plexus,” Delaney says—and often it was unclear what she had until she got back to her darkroom. In this way, she was capturing, not composing; gathering, not trying to bear out a story. In time, though, a story did form in her photographs, much as a drift grows from accumulated flakes of snow. The story was about the inflow of culture that kept a pluralistic district alive—and the way that this flow drove life into the local streets, and then beyond them, toward a bigger world.

    #San_Francisco #The_Mission #Photographies

  • Osaka drops San Francisco as sister city over ’comfort women’ statue | World news | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/04/osaka-drops-san-francisco-as-sister-city-over-comfort-women-statue

    The city of Osaka has ended its 60-year “sister city” relationship with San Francisco to protest against the presence in the US city of a statue symbolising Japan’s wartime use of sex slaves.

    Osaka’s mayor, Hirofumi Yoshimura, terminated official ties this week after the US city agreed to recognise the “comfort women” statue, which was erected by a private group last year in San Francisco’s Chinatown district, as public property.

    The statue depicts three women – from China, Korea and the Philippines – who symbolise women and teenage girls forced to work in frontline brothels from the early 1930s until Japan’s wartime defeat in 1945.

    • "Comfort women" exhibition should be reopened, governor says

      An art exhibition featuring a “comfort woman” statue that had been shut down in August should be reopened, the governor of a host prefecture in central Japan said Wednesday.

      “We would like to aim for the reopening of the exhibition after certain conditions are met,” Aichi Gov. Hideaki Omura said at a news conference in Nagoya.

      Omura made the remark after receiving a similar proposal from a review panel the Aichi prefectural government set up after the controversial shutdown of the exhibition.

      But he stopped short of saying when the exhibition, which involves a statue symbolizing women forced to work in Japanese military brothels, should be reopened.

      The exhibition “After Freedom of Expression?” and which was part of the Aichi Triennale 2019 festival, was closed three days after the opening over security concerns due to multiple threats to the festival.

      The governor serves as chairman of the steering committee of the Triennale festival.

      The exhibition opened Aug. 1 at a time when relations between Japan and South Korea have hit the lowest level in years in disputes over wartime history and trade policy.

      It also included other exhibitions such as one on the Japan’s imperial system.

      The exhibition was originally scheduled to end on Oct. 14.

      Opposition to a reopening remains, with Nagoya Mayor Takashi Kawamura who serves as acting chairman of the steering committee of the Triennale, saying it would be outrageous if it happens.

      Kawamura has argued the comfort women statue should not be displayed at a publicly funded event as its presence could give the false impression that Japan has accepted South Korea’s claim the women were forcibly taken by the Japanese military.

      An interim report by the six-member panel, released Wednesday, said the exhibition “should be reopened quickly as conditions are met.”

      Such conditions include mitigating risks of attack and threats on organizers by phone calls and fax, improving the setup and explanations of the exhibited items, and banning visitors from taking photos and spreading them through social media.

      The panel said it is vital that organizers ensure close communications with foreign artists who believe the shutdown was “de-facto censorship citing concerns about terrorism and safety on the surface.”

      The panel commended the theme of “freedom of expression” but said it was difficult to conclude if the event was effective in conveying its original intent because many of the exhibits carried political messages such as the comfort women statue.

      https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2019/09/c9df2ac1a1e7-comfort-women-exhibition-should-be-reopened-governor

  • Si vous allez à San Francisco, vous y verrez des seringues et de la merde (par Nicolas Casaux)
    http://partage-le.com/2018/07/si-vous-allez-a-san-francisco-vous-y-verrez-des-seringues-et-de-la-merde

    (Revue de presse Les Crises : https://www.les-crises.fr/revue-de-presse-du-12-08-2018 )

    La ville de San Francisco est régulièrement promue dans les médias de masse comme un modèle de gestion écologique des déchets pour son taux de recyclage de 80%. En France, le film documentaire #Demain, réalisé par #Mélanie_Laurent et #Cyril_Dion, a beaucoup participé à la diffusion de cette idée. Partout où il passe, Cyril Dion brandit le cas de San Francisco comme une preuve de ce qu’il est possible de rendre une ville écolo-durable (« L’exemple le plus impressionnant, que nous présentons dans le film, est celui de la ville de San Francisco qui recycle 80 % de ses déchets »). Si seulement.

    Affirmer que San Francisco est un modèle de ville durable est une sacrée performance. Ou peut-être est-ce au contraire d’une simplicité confondante : il suffit de répéter cette affirmation sans l’étudier, sans aucun esprit critique. En creusant un peu, on réalise rapidement qu’elle se base sur un certain nombre d’absurdités. À commencer par le fait que le taux de 80% est une arnaque comptable[1]. La ville comptabilise en effet dans son calcul du taux de déchets recyclés, entre autres bizarreries, les déchets du bâtiment et des travaux publics. Ce qu’aucune ville ne fait[2]. Sans ce tour de passe-passe, le taux de recyclage de la ville serait plutôt de l’ordre de 60%. Au passage, on notera que Recology, l’entreprise chargée de la gestion des déchets de la ville, a été condamnée à payer 1,3 million de dollars en 2014 pour des pratiques frauduleuses. Mais cette arnaque comptable n’est rien au regard de ce qui suit.

    La ville de San Francisco (870 000 habitants) produit chaque année toujours plus de déchets, en 2013 elle en a produit plus de 2 millions de tonnes, quand la communauté urbaine Marseille Provence Métropole (plus d’un million d’habitants) n’en produisait que 653 226 tonnes. Un modèle. La ville de San Francisco génère chaque jour environ 1 200 tonnes[3] de déchets non recyclables et non compostables qui sont enfouies sous terre. Un modèle.

    En outre, ce qu’ils (les gouvernements, les entreprises et les médias de masse) qualifient de #recyclage n’a rien d’écologique. Le traitement des déchets se fait toujours loin hors de la ville, dans des usines énergivores (sauf pour le bois/papier qu’ils brûlent en usine de biomasse, une autre catastrophe écologique). Dans le film Demain, on ne voit que la part des déchets qui est compostée, et c’est tout. Sachant que les déchets compostés constituent la part la moins importante des déchets collectés dans la ville. Ce qu’ils n’expliquent pas dans le documentaire, c’est qu’une grande partie des déchets (métaux, plastiques, etc.), uniquement triée, est exportée et disséminée à travers le globe, jusqu’en Chine, aux Philippines et au Vietnam — d’ailleurs, depuis que la Chine a restreint ses importations de déchets en 2017, #Recology se retrouve face à un problème relativement gênant, celui de trouver comment écouler les tonnes d’ordures qu’elle expédiait habituellement vers l’empire du Milieu. C’est-à-dire que ces déchets produits par les San-Franciscains sont compressés en balles en usine puis expédiés à l’autre bout du monde pour être recyclés — sachant que le recyclage n’est pas une véritable solution, d’abord parce que le recyclage infini est un mythe[4], ensuite parce que le recyclage du plastique est particulièrement inefficace[5], et enfin et surtout parce que le recyclage, dans le cadre d’une société industrielle capitaliste de croissance, ne résout aucun des problèmes fondamentaux qu’elle implique (de #surconsommation de ressources, y compris énergétiques, de pollutions en tous genres, d’étalement urbain, de croissance démographique, etc., etc.).

    Récapitulons. Ce qu’ils nous présentent comme un #modèle de vertu écologique, de durabilité, c’est une ville dont la production de déchets par personne, relativement élevée, ne cesse de croître, et dont la gestion de ces #déchets consiste à en enfouir une partie, à en expédier une autre en Chine et ailleurs, et à en brûler une partie en incinérateur  ; c’est aussi une ville qui trafique ses calculs de taux de recyclage. Un modèle.

    Mais nous ne devrions pas avoir besoin de discuter ainsi de la soi-disant #durabilité d’une ville comme San Francisco. Comme toutes les grandes métropoles du monde, San Francisco dépend directement de l’ensemble des infrastructures et des pratiques toutes plus insoutenables les unes que les autres de la civilisation industrielle. Il faut une sacrée dose d’ignorance historique et écologique pour ne pas comprendre que l’urbanisation de la baie de San Francisco a dramatiquement ravagé ce qui était jusqu’à il y a moins de 300 ans un écosystème sain (non pollué) et plein de vie. Où sont passés les condors de Californie, les wapitis, les ours, les loups et ainsi de suite, qui pullulaient dans la baie  ? Les conséquences du développement de la civilisation industrielle dans la baie de San Francisco rappellent les conséquences de son développement partout sur la planète : extermination et disparition de nombreuses espèces vivantes, pollution des eaux (aujourd’hui, on retrouve un peu de tout dans les eaux de San Francisco, du mercure, des résidus de médicaments en tous genres, des huiles de moteur usagées, des déchets plastiques, et ainsi de suite  ; cinq des plages les plus polluées de Californie se trouvent dans la baie, qui ne cesse de s’acidifier), pollution de l’air (en ce moment, la qualité de l’air dans la baie n’est pas loin d’être la pire de tous les États-Unis[6]), etc.

    Leur manière de mesurer la qualité écologique de la ville — et d’une ville en générale — est grotesque. Comme si on pouvait se contenter de statistiques concernant le « recyclage » des déchets produits par une ville pour l’estimer. Comme si on pouvait occulter les nombreux impacts environnementaux (sans parler des impacts sociaux), entre autres choses, de la production mondialisée des appareils électroniques les plus couramment utilisés par les San-Franciscains — iPods, iPads, iPhones, Google Glass… — ou de leurs voitures, réfrigérateurs, téléviseurs, ou de leur nourriture, ou de la construction des infrastructures qu’ils utilisent et des bâtiments dans lesquels ils vivent, et ainsi de suite. Si toutes ces choses étaient prises en compte, on s’apercevrait immédiatement de l’insoutenabilité totale de la civilisation industrielle et de son mode de vie. Mais elles ne le sont pas, évidemment, propagande oblige.

    Et comment ne pas parler des inégalités sociales  ? San Francisco est une des villes les plus chères des USA. La gentrification en cours n’a pour cesse d’épurer la ville de ses habitants les plus pauvres[7] :

    « La ville de San Francisco connaît un processus de #gentrification d’une violence sans commune mesure avec ce que l’on peut constater en France. On l’a longtemps appelé embourgeoisement, ou changement urbain dans le contexte de la recherche académique française, sans pour autant y mettre les significations que contient le terme anglo-saxon. Il faut pourtant être clair : il est bien question ici de processus similaires dans leurs conséquences, bien que la rapidité à laquelle ils se produisent diffère, ou que leur visibilité ne permette pas de les identifier aussi facilement. »

    Et comment ne pas voir toute la folie et l’inhumanité de la civilisation industrielle dans le fait que la ville ne parvient toujours pas à gérer les problèmes qui découlent de la présence des nombreux #sans-abri, souvent atteints de troubles psychiatriques, qui errent dans ses rues, résultat des politiques calamiteuses des gouvernements qui se sont succédé et symptôme du mal-être qui ronge la modernité  ? On estime qu’ils sont 7 500 à vivre dehors sur une population totale de 870 000 habitants (presque 1% de la population). Très récemment, la nouvelle maire de San Francisco, London Breed, dans une des premières interviews[8] qu’elle a accordées depuis son entrée en fonction, a expliqué qu’il y avait « plus d’excréments sur les trottoirs » que jamais, et qu’on « ne parle pas que de crottes de chiens, mais de matières fécales humaines ». Au cours des six premiers mois de l’année 2018, plus de 16 000 plaintes concernant des « excréments » ont été déposées auprès des autorités de la ville. La présence de déchets en tous genres, y compris de seringues, est actuellement un véritable problème pour la municipalité. Ainsi que l’explique le San Francisco Chronicle dans un article[9] intitulé « Pourquoi San Francisco fait face à un déluge de seringues » : « La ville de San Francisco distribue plus de seringues gratuites aux toxicomanes — 400 000 par mois, un chiffre qui ne cesse de croître — que la ville de New York, dix fois plus peuplée ». La consommation de drogue en public est un problème croissant dans toute la ville. Des habitants se plaignent, entre autres, de « devoir enjamber des gens qui s’injectent de l’héroïne dans les stations de métro ».

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=HWdurZWys4I

    Ainsi que l’a récemment titré[10] le Business Insider, « Le centre-ville de San Francisco est davantage jonché de seringues, de déchets et d’excréments que certains des plus pauvres bidonvilles du monde ». Dans l’article, on apprend notamment que « la contamination de certains quartiers de San Francisco est pire que celle de certains endroits du Brésil, du Kenya ou de l’Inde ». Un modèle.

    Je me suis promené dans les rues de San Francisco. Je ne connaissais pas grand-chose de l’histoire de la ville. J’ai été stupéfait par le nombre de #clochards, de #toxicomanes et de malades mentaux qu’on y rencontre. Parfois au pied d’immeubles de luxe réservés aux super-riches, ou devant les bureaux d’#Uber, de #Microsoft, ou de #Twitter. J’ai vu les gratte-ciels, ces manifestations délirantes de l’hubris de la société industrielle, dont les constructions sont autant de désastres écologiques. Les travaux incessants qui font de toutes les villes d’interminables chantiers. Les magasins de luxe de l’#hypercapitalisme actuel. Les businessmen pressés — de faire du profit, toujours plus, en exploitant les hommes et en détruisant la planète, toujours plus — qui ignorent machinalement tous les clochards qu’ils croisent lors de leur jogging matinal. Je n’ai pas vu « des gens doux et gentils, le long des rues de San Francisco », me parler de fleurs et devenir mes amis. Je n’ai pas vu de fleurs dans les cheveux mais des oreillettes Bluetooth et des smartphones dans les mains. Bref, j’y ai vu la démence commune de la modernité.

    Il n’y a rien de #durable à #San_Francisco. Comme beaucoup d’autres, cette ville incarne précisément l’insoutenabilité, l’iniquité et la folie qui gangrènent la civilisation industrielle. Ceux qui se servent de son cas pour suggérer qu’on pourrait la rendre durable ou écologique sont les idiots utiles du #capitalisme_vert. C’est l’évidence même. Ceux qui ne le comprennent (toujours) pas aujourd’hui ne manqueront pas de le constater d’ici quelques années.

  • #Google_Maps Says ‘the East Cut’ Is a Real Place. Locals Aren’t So Sure.

    For decades, the district south of downtown and alongside #San_Francisco Bay here was known as either #Rincon_Hill, #South_Beach or #South_of_Market. This spring, it was suddenly rebranded on Google Maps to a name few had heard: the #East_Cut.

    The peculiar moniker immediately spread digitally, from hotel sites to dating apps to Uber, which all use Google’s map data. The name soon spilled over into the physical world, too. Real-estate listings beckoned prospective tenants to the East Cut. And news organizations referred to the vicinity by that term.

    “It’s degrading to the reputation of our area,” said Tad Bogdan, who has lived in the neighborhood for 14 years. In a survey of 271 neighbors that he organized recently, he said, 90 percent disliked the name.

    The swift rebranding of the roughly 170-year-old district is just one example of how Google Maps has now become the primary arbiter of place names. With decisions made by a few Google cartographers, the identity of a city, town or neighborhood can be reshaped, illustrating the outsize influence that Silicon Valley increasingly has in the real world.

    The #Detroit neighborhood now regularly called #Fishkorn (pronounced FISH-korn), but previously known as #Fiskhorn (pronounced FISK-horn)? That was because of Google Maps. #Midtown_South_Central in #Manhattan? That was also given life by Google Maps.

    Yet how Google arrives at its names in maps is often mysterious. The company declined to detail how some place names came about, though some appear to have resulted from mistakes by researchers, rebrandings by real estate agents — or just outright fiction.

    In #Los_Angeles, Jeffrey Schneider, a longtime architect in the #Silver_Lake_area, said he recently began calling the hill he lived on #Silver_Lake_Heights in ads for his rental apartment downstairs, partly as a joke. Last year, Silver Lake Heights also appeared on Google Maps.

    “Now for every real-estate listing in this neighborhood, they refer to it,” he said. “You see a name like that on a map and you believe it.”

    Before the internet era, neighborhood names developed via word of mouth, newspaper articles and physical maps that were released periodically. But Google Maps, which debuted in 2005, is updated continuously and delivered to more than one billion people on their devices. Google also feeds map data to thousands of websites and apps, magnifying its influence.

    In May, more than 63 percent of people who accessed a map on a smartphone or tablet used Google Maps, versus 19.4 percent for the Chinese internet giant Alibaba’s maps and 5.5 percent for Apple Maps, according to comScore, which tracks web traffic.

    Google said it created its maps from third-party data, public sources, satellites and, often most important, users. People can submit changes, which are reviewed by Google employees. A Google spokeswoman declined further comment.

    Yet some submissions are ruled upon by people with little local knowledge of a place, such as contractors in India, said one former Google Maps employee, who declined to be named because he was not authorized to speak publicly. Other users with a history of accurate changes said their updates to maps take effect instantly.

    Many of Google’s decisions have far-reaching consequences, with the maps driving increased traffic to quiet neighborhoods and once almost provoking an international incident in 2010 after it misrepresented the boundary between Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

    The service has also disseminated place names that are just plain puzzling. In #New_York, #Vinegar_Hill_Heights, #Midtown_South_Central (now #NoMad), #BoCoCa (for the area between Boerum Hill, Cobble Hill and Carroll Gardens), and #Rambo (Right Around the Manhattan Bridge Overpass) have appeared on and off in Google Maps.

    Matthew Hyland, co-owner of New York’s Emily and Emmy Squared pizzerias, who polices Google Maps in his spare time, said he considered those all made-up names, some of which he deleted from the map. Other obscure neighborhood names gain traction because of Google’s endorsement, he said. Someone once told him they lived in Stuyvesant Heights, “and then I looked at Google Maps and it was there. And I was like, ‘What? No. Come on,’” he said.

    In Detroit, some residents have been baffled by Google’s map of their city, which is blanketed with neighborhood monikers like NW Goldberg, Fishkorn and the Eye. Those names have been on Google Maps since at least 2012.

    Timothy Boscarino, a Detroit city planner, traced Google’s use of those names to a map posted online around 2002 by a few locals. Google almost identically copied that map’s neighborhoods and boundaries, he said — down to its typos. One result was that Google transposed the k and h for the district known as Fiskhorn, making it Fishkorn.

    A former Detroit city planner, Arthur Mullen, said he created the 2002 map as a side project and was surprised his typos were now distributed widely. He said he used old books and his local knowledge to make the map, approximating boundaries at times and inserting names with tenuous connections to neighborhoods, hoping to draw feedback.

    “I shouldn’t be making a mistake and 20 years later people are having to live with it,” Mr. Mullen said.

    He admitted some of his names were questionable, such as the Eye, a 60-block patch next to a cemetery on Detroit’s outskirts. He said he thought he spotted the name in a document, but was unsure which one. “Do I have my research materials from doing this 18 years ago? No,” he said.

    Now, local real-estate listings, food-delivery sites and locksmith ads use Fishkorn and the Eye. Erik Belcarz, an optometrist from nearby Novi, Mich., named his new publishing start-up Fishkorn this year after seeing the name on Google Maps.

    “It rolls off the tongue,” he said.

    Detroit officials recently canvassed the community to make an official map of neighborhoods. That exercise fixed some errors, like Fiskhorn (though Fishkorn remains on Google Maps). But for many districts where residents were unsure of the history, authorities relied largely on Google. The Eye and others are now part of that official map.

    In San Francisco, the East Cut name originated from a neighborhood nonprofit group that residents voted to create in 2015 to clean and secure the area. The nonprofit paid $68,000 to a “brand experience design company” to rebrand the district.

    Andrew Robinson, executive director of the nonprofit, now called the East Cut Community Benefit District (and previously the Greater Rincon Hill Community Benefit District), said the group’s board rejected names like Grand Narrows and Central Hub. Instead they chose the East Cut, partly because it referenced an 1869 construction project to cut through nearby Rincon Hill. The nonprofit then paid for streetlight banners and outfitted street cleaners with East Cut apparel.

    But it wasn’t until Google Maps adopted the name this spring that it got attention — and mockery.

    “The East Cut sounds like a 17 dollar sandwich,” Menotti Minutillo, an Uber engineer who works on the neighborhood’s border, said on Twitter in May.

    Mr. Robinson said his team asked Google to add the East Cut to its maps. A Google spokeswoman said employees manually inserted the name after verifying it through public sources. The company’s San Francisco offices are in the neighborhood (as is The New York Times bureau), and one of the East Cut nonprofit’s board members is a Google employee.

    Google Maps has also validated other little-known San Francisco neighborhoods. Balboa Hollow, a roughly 50-block district north of Golden Gate Park, trumpets on its website that it is a distinct neighborhood. Its proof? Google Maps.

    “Don’t believe us?” its website asks. “Well, we’re on the internet; so we must be real.”

    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/02/technology/google-maps-neighborhood-names.html
    #toponymie

  • ‘It’s About Taking Back What’s Ours’ : Native Women Reclaim Land, Plot By Plot

    Fighting against colonization and now #gentrification in the #Bay_Area.

    In the San Francisco Bay Area, demand for land seems endless. Property values are sky-high, rents are backbreaking, and people just keep coming. Over 2 million more are expected to settle here by 2040. Bulldozers and backhoes reshape neighborhoods. Cranes dominate the horizon. Land, with a home or high-rise plopped atop, can build a fortune for its owner.

    Today’s land rush is nothing new. For more than 200 years, there has been a run on Bay Area real estate — a relentless wave of colonization, then suburbanization and now gentrification that left the Ohlone, the Bay Area’s first people, landless.

    “Nobody knew about us,” said Corrina Gould, a Chochenyo and Karkin Ohlone leader and activist. “There was this process of colonization that erased the memory of us from the Bay Area.”


    https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/native-women-oakland-land_us_5ab0f175e4b0e862383b503c?ncid=tweetlnku
    #résistance #peuples_autochtones #USA #terres #Etats-Unis #femmes #San_Francisco #Ohlone #urbanisation #colonisation #mémoire #destruction

    Note pour mon cours de #géographie_culturelle :
    Modification et destruction du #paysage pour effacer la mémoire de l’existence et de l’usage de ce territoire par des populations autochtones :

    “There was this process of colonization that erased the memory of us from the Bay Area.”

    –-> Lien avec les #forêts de pin en #Palestine :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/317236

  • Grim Photos of the 1906 San Francisco Quake, Mapped - CityLab

    https://www.citylab.com/design/2017/04/the-ultimate-historical-photo-map-of-the-1906-san-francisco-quake/523341

    Projet fascinant.

    Of all the horrible scenes that poured out of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake—which killed roughly 3,000 people and injured 225,000 more—one of a refugee camp at the old Hamilton Square on April 19, a day after the quake, haunts Woody LaBounty.

    “There’s a guy actually sweeping the grass next to two women with a shocked, middle-distance stare,” says LaBounty, executive director at the Western Neighborhoods Project. “Shock, bewilderment, uncertainty in many faces.”

    #cartographie #visualisation #san_francisco #tremnlement_de_terre #photographie

  • Square-Mile Street Network Visualization

    The heart of Allan Jacobs’ classic book on street-level urban form and design, Great Streets, features dozens of hand-drawn figure-ground diagrams in the style of Nolli maps. Each depicts one square mile of a city’s street network. Drawing these cities at the same scale provides a revealing spatial objectivity in visually comparing their street networks and urban forms.

    We can recreate these visualizations automatically with Python and the OSMnx package, which I developed as part of my dissertation. With OSMnx we can download a street network from OpenStreetMap for anywhere in the world in just one line of code. Here are the square-mile diagrams of #Portland, #San_Francisco, #Irvine, and #Rome created and plotted automatically by OSMnx.


    http://geoffboeing.com/2017/01/square-mile-street-network-visualization
    #urban_matter #cartographie #visualisation #OSM #urbanisme #forme_urbaine
    via @reka

  • San Francisco Asks: Where Have All the Children Gone? - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/21/us/san-francisco-children.html?ref=todayspaper&mtrref=mail01.tinyletterapp.com

    A few generations ago, before the technology boom transformed San Francisco and sent housing costs soaring, the city was alive with children and families. Today it has the lowest percentage of children of any of the largest 100 cities in America, according to census data, causing some here to raise an alarm.

    “Everybody talks about children being our future,” said Norman Yee, a member of San Francisco’s Board of Supervisors. “If you have no children around, what’s our future?”

    As an urban renaissance has swept through major American cities in recent decades, San Francisco’s population has risen to historical highs and a forest of skyscraping condominiums has replaced tumbledown warehouses and abandoned wharves. At the same time, the share of children in San Francisco fell to 13 percent, low even compared with another expensive city, New York, with 21 percent. In Chicago, 23 percent of the population is under 18 years old, which is also the overall average across the United States.

    ...

    There is one statistic that the city’s natives have heard too many times. San Francisco, population 865,000, has roughly the same number of dogs as children: 120,000. In many areas of the city, pet grooming shops seem more common than schools.

    #San_Francisco #démographie #enfants

  • Les modes d’habiter à l’épreuve de la #durabilité

    Annabelle Morel-Brochet et Nathalie Ortar
    Les modes d’habiter à l’épreuve de la durabilité [Texte intégral]
    Lifestyles facing Sustainability
    Nathalie Ortar
    Le quotidien peut-il être durable ? Routines dans la baie de #San_Francisco [Texte intégral]
    Can daily life be sustainable ? Thinking about routines from a fieldwork conducted in the San Francisco Bay area
    Agathe Euzen et Barbara Morehouse
    De l’abondance à la raison [Texte intégral]
    Manières d’habiter à travers l’usage de l’#eau dans une région semi-aride, l’exemple de #Tucson en #Arizona
    Ways of living through the use of water in a semi-arid region, the example of Tucson Arizona
    Xavier Michel
    Habiter l’espace touristique et porter attention à la ressource en #eau_potable. Analyse qualitative des positions des touristes dans le #Morbihan (#France) [Texte intégral]
    Inhabiting a tourist space and caring for drinking water resources. Qualitative analysis of tourist positions in Morbihan area (France)
    Nicolas D’Andrea et Pascal Tozzi
    #Jardins_collectifs et #écoquartiers bordelais : De l’espace cultivé à un habiter durable ? [Texte intégral]
    Collective gardens and ecodistricts of Bordeaux : From cultivated space to a sustainable way of living ?
    Laurent Cailly
    Les habitants du #périurbain tourangeau à l’épreuve d’un changement de modèle : vers une recomposition des modes d’habiter ? L’exemple des habitants de la ZAC des Terrasses de Bodets à Montlouis-sur-Loire [Texte intégral]
    Peri-urban inhabitants facing up to a new model : towards a reorganization of ways of living ? The example of inhabitants of “Les Terrasses de Bodets” a joint development zone in Montlouis-sur-Loire (France)
    Annabelle Morel-Brochet
    La #densification : un tabou dans l’univers pavillonnaire ? [Texte intégral]
    Is suburban densification a taboo ?
    Stéphanie Vincent-Geslin
    Les #altermobilités : une mise en pratique des valeurs écologiques ? [Texte intégral]
    Are altermobilities an application of ecological values ?
    Denis Martouzet
    Systèmes de valeurs vs pragmatisme dans les choix de pratiques spatiales : la place de la durabilité [Texte intégral]
    Systems of values vs pragmatism in the choice of spatial practices : the role of sustainability

    https://norois.revues.org/5060
    #habitat #revue #tourisme #USA #Etats-Unis #Bordeaux
    via @ville_en

  • From Historical Cartography to Mapping the World in the 21st Century - San Francisco Bay Events

    http://franciscobay.events/san-francisco-from-historical-cartography-to-mapping-the/99711

    Re-imagine the globe and cultural exchange through the lens of the Ricci and Verbiest maps.

    Hear about the history of cartography and contemporary issues related to mapping, with a focus on the latest technological innovations pioneered by Google and NASA. Join Dr. Laura Hostetler, EDS-Stewart Chair at USF’s Ricci Institute, as she delves into the complex geopolitical controversies surrounding territorial mapping. Dr. Ralph Ehrenberg, Head of the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, will speak on its important collection of East Asian maps, including the Verbiest map featured in the exhibition. Former NASA administrator Stephen Sandford and Google Geospatial Programs coordinator Ed Parsons will provide insight into the technologies that power the mapping processes of the 21st century and describe the evolution, over centuries, of the way we view the world.

    This is a perfect pairing with our spring show, “China at the Center: Rare Ricci and Verbiest Maps.” See it before it closes, May 8.

    #géopoliique #Cartographie #san_francisco #taz_atlas

  • Mapping Displacement and Gentrification in the #San_Francisco Bay Area

    The Bay Area’s booming jobs and housing market necessitates a careful look at the causes and consequences of neighborhood change to protect residents that are most vulnerable to potentially being displaced. Wages for the Bay Area’s low income residents have not kept pace with the sky-rocketing housing prices resulting in massive demographic shifts in the area.

    UC Berkeley analyzed regional data on housing, income and other demographics to better understand and predict where gentrification and displacement is happening and will likely occur in the future. This analysis, which is summarized in the interactive maps, will allow communities to better characterize their experience and risk of displacement and to stimulate action. The analysis behind these maps was validated through in-depth case studies of 9 Bay Area communities and with the support and advice of the Regional Prosperity Plan at the Metropolitan Transportation Commission. In developing 8 neighborhood displacement typologies, communities can better understand where they’re at and develop actions to prevent from advancing in the stages of gentrification and displacement.


    http://www.vividmaps.com/2016/03/mapping-displacement-and-gentrification.html
    #gentrification #urban_matter #cartographie #visualisation
    signalé par @ville_en

  • Uber’s First Casualty? San Francisco’s Largest Taxi Company Filing For Bankruptcy
    http://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2016/01/06/ubers-first-casualty-san-franciscos-largest-taxi-company-filing-for-bankrupt

    Aha, jetzt geht es uns an den Kragen. Kennen wir, immer wenn wir dachten, es kann nicht mehr schlimmer werden, wurde es schlimmer. Aber Totgesagte leben länger.

    Forbes berichtet aus San Francisco, einer Stadt die zum Hinterland von Silicon Valley geworden ist, die zusammenbricht unter der finanziellen Übermacht des Turbo-Kapitalismus im High-Tech-Zeitalter. Hätte Uber dort keinen Erfolg im Kampf gegen das Arschloch Taxi , wäre das Firmenkonzept für jeden sichtbar eine Totgeburt. Der Sieg auf diesem Schlachtfeld mußte sein, unbedingt, um jeden Preis und mit allen Mitteln.

    Forbes spricht nicht über das Geschäftsmodell der US-Taxifirmen. Es ist ausbeuterisch, monopolistisch, unflexibel und wenig innovativ. Die Strukturen im deutschen Taxigewerbe sind, wenn auch unendlich zersplittert, sozialer und dadurch wesentlich resilienter.

    If San Francisco is any sign, taxi cabs around the world are in danger.

    The city’s largest taxi company, Yellow Cab Co-Op, said that it will file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in a December letter to shareholders obtained by the San Francisco Examiner. While regular taxi operations will continue, the company needs to restructure due to “serious financial setbacks” caused by mounting debt and competition from ride-hailing apps Uber and Lyft.

    The major problem? People just aren’t taking as many regular cab rides any more now that Uber and company present a solution that’s often cheaper and more convenient. “On an annual basis over 5 million passengers are transported in Yellow cabs,” Yellow Cab President Pamela Martinez wrote in the letter. “We used to have more and our goal is to get them back and even more.”

    As Uber and Lyft recruit drivers with significant bonuses, as well as more flexibility in hours, the old taxi companies also aren’t able to retain the best drivers. “We need to have not just more drivers but drivers who are happy to be behind the wheel of a Yellow cab because we offer the best opportunity to make a living in a taxi,” Martinez continued.

    Yellow Cab might be just the first domino to fall in ride-hailing’s global assault on the taxi business. Many local taxi companies have lobbied for legislation to protect themselves against Uber, but the startup worth more than $60 billion is hard to defeat. It is striking that Uber and Lyft together raised more than $3 billion in December alone, in the same month Yellow Cab admitted it would have to file for bankruptcy.

    If app services continue to gain traction, other taxi firms may face the same fate as Yellow Cab, or worse. The specter of Uber coming to take over the taxi industry–fueled by examples like this–could also cause more intense pushback from such local companies and drivers, such as when taxi drivers in Paris rioted against Uber last summer.

    Interessant, aber die Pleite eines Taxi-Großunternehmens in den USA erlaubt keine Rückschlüsse auf was auch immer in Deutschland. Die Verhältnisse sind zu unterschiedlich.
    Einer jedoch hat mit Recht die gleiche Angst vor Uber wie der Springer-Vorstand vor Google .

    Hermann Waldner alias Don Waldi ist der Besitzer von Taxi Berlin , größter Taxivermittler Europas und Quasi-Monopolist in der Stadt. Für ihn stellt Uber ein großes Problem dar, denn der milliardenschwere Konzern greift sein Vermittlungsgeschäft an, ebenso wie mehrere andere, kleinere Vermittler-Startups.

    Wirklich ernst wird die Lage, wenn etwa das Management von Blabla Car , das bisher nur die alten Mitfahzentralen ausgelöscht hat, in den Markt für Kurzstrecken einsteigt. Blabla Car ist nahe dran am Kunden, viel besser in europäischen Gewohnheiten verankert als Uber, und durch seine echte Massenbasis schlagkräftiger als das viel zu hippe Uber.

    Bis dahin sieht die Lage für Fahrer und Taxiunternehmer anders aus als für Vermittler. Solange die Kosten pro Tour nicht zu teuer werden, kann es Fahrern und Firmen egal sein, über welchen Kanal sie an Fahrgäste gelangen. Konsequent nutzen dann auch junge Entrepreneurs die subventionierten Angebote von Uber , und lassen sich die Ausbildung zum Taxiunternehmer finanzieren. Man mutmaßt, daß sie nach erfolgreicher IHK-Prüfung von Uber mit Touren versorgt werden, die außerhalb ihres Konzessionsgebietes liegen und damit eigentlich illegal sind. Aber hier gilt „nichts Genaues weiß man nicht“, und die Gerüchte werden wohl Gerüchte bleiben. Was Wunder, kein Beteiligter wird so etwas öffentlich machen, und eine Razzia bei Uber zur Beschlagnahme der Kunden- und Vermittlungsdaten steht auch nicht an.

    Macht nichts, soll der Zoll erst einmal mit kleineren Betrügern aus der Taxibranche üben. Wer zahlt da keinen Mindestlohn ? Wenn das einmal geregelt ist, weiß man auch, Al Capone läßt grüßen, wie man Uber mit der Steuerfahndung knackt.

    Die wirkliche Gefahr, die von Uber und Konsorten ausgeht, ist größer und betrifft die ganze Gesellschaft. Es geht um das erklärte Ziel der Über-Kapitalisten, die Zerschlagung aller Sozialsysteme im Namen der Flexibilität.

    Survival of the biggest ist der Sinn ihrer Existenz. Sie behaupten, Monopole zu zerschlagen, wenn sie soziale Strukturen meinen, die der Schaffung ihrer eigenen Monopole im Wege stehen. Sie führen Krieg gegen kleinere Unternehmen, Freiberufler, Angestelle und Arme. Dagegen müssen sich alle Kräfte der demokratischen Gesellschaft zusammentun.

    #Uber #Taxi #San_Francisco