• Palestinien fais-toi naturaliser ouïghour !
    https://www.legrandsoir.info/palestinien-fais-toi-naturaliser-ouighour.html

    La campagne actuellement conduite par les Etats-Unis, et ses idiots utiles, pour nous inquiéter sur le sort des Ouïghours est détestable car elle nous oblige à rejoindre le coin, celui des méchants. Ne pas accepter sans preuves les propos tenus par les chargés de propagande de Trump devient une complicité de crime. Pourtant, pour avoir été le témoin de tant de faux drames, inventés pour le seul maintien du monopole colonialiste étasunien sur le monde, que je me sens obligé de faire part de mon expérience du mensonge.

    Surprenante cette campagne « en soutien au peuple Ouïghour » le jour où, avec l’approbation de Falstaff-Dupond, l’aigle qui couve le nid de la Justice depuis la colonne Vendôme, l’Assemblée vient de voter une sorte d’annulation à vie des droits de tout condamné pour terrorisme. Libéré, peine purgée, l’abruti de vingt ans qui a cru libérer la Syrie en rejoignant Daech, restera à jamais un homme sans liberté. Mais remarquons que les députés qui viennent de voter ce texte, réhabilitant la « relègue » et la double peine, sont par ailleurs des amis de la liberté. Liberté pour la minorité ouïghoure essentiellement de culture musulmane chinoise, mais pas de liberté possible en France pour celui que la justice qualifie de « terroriste ». Si Pékin a la fasciste audace de demander des comptes aux très nombreux Ouïghours qui ont rejoint, eux aussi, Daech et al Nosra en Syrie, puis sont rentrés à la maison : c’est un crime contre l’humanité. En revanche, quand Dupond-Moretti et ses amis sécuritaires applaudissent à leur loi toute neuve et honteuse, c’est l’expression « d’une avancée du droit ». Bon : le Chinois est jaune et très méchant, le Français est blanc et très gentil. D’ailleurs ce n’est pas lui qui crèverait des yeux à coup de LBD.


    Longtemps la désignation officielle, par les EU ou l’OTAN, d’une minorité opprimée m’a bien énervé. J’étais surpris que des citoyens généreux et intelligents, ne soient pas étonnés que des humanistes du calibre de Nixon, Reagan, les deux Bush, puis Trump et Netanyahou leur désignent un ennemi à combattre, un oppresseur de minorités. Dans ma vie prolongée, il m’est assez facile, pour l’avoir constaté, de compter ce genre d’utilisation de la misère et de l’oppression comme un outil de guerre de l’impérialisme.

    La dernière mouture remonte à la supercherie des « Printemps Arabes ». C’est dans un entretien avec le New York Times , qu’un haut diplomate EU en a livré le secret : « Plutôt que de dépenser des milliards en cadeaux et en armement, il suffit d’investir 500 millions auprès d’internautes d’un pays dont on veut changer le régime pour que monte en force une révolte, souvent légitime. C’est une grosse économie en dollars et en sang versé. » La recette ? Former des jeunes (arabes par exemple), ou des « ONG », à toutes les subtilités de l’Internet et à celles aussi des réseaux sociaux. Actuellement la pendule étasunienne est donc calée à l’heure de Pékin. Très bien. Mais retrouvons la mémoire pour nous rappeler que l’opposant maximo à la Chine, avant les JO de 2008, n’était autre que Robert Ménard et sa déshonorante association Reporters Sans Frontières. Une engeance recevant des fonds de la NED, instrument de propagande de Washington.

    Repartons plus loin dans le temps. Qui se souvient des petits Biafrais atrocement maigres, montrés (déjà) aux journaux par Kouchner qui, aidé d’intellectuels espions du SDECE, mettait au point une idéologie qui allait conduire à la fin des guerres de libérations, non oblitérées par l’Occident : « Le droit d’Ingérence ». Ah les Biafrais ! Cette ethnie englobée dans l’odieux Nigéria ! S’ériger en république autonome était tout à fait légitime. Pourtant le nerf de la révolte n’était pas la liberté mais le pétrole, le sous-sol biafrais est d’un noir d’huile. Faute de derricks à Colombey, De Gaulle ne s’est pas honoré en activant là-bas une sécession conduite par des généraux corrompus. Et nous avons pleuré ces enfants mourant pour « la liberté de leur peuple ». Alors qu’on les faisait crever pour obtenir de terribles photos qui, au bout de l’horreur entraîneraient la baisse du prix du litre de « super ». De 1962 à 1975, Johnson et Nixon ont soutenu la liberté des Méos et de leurs combattants, armés (par eux). Coincés entre Chine, Vietnam et Laos, ces royalistes étaient très utiles pour lutter contre le communisme. Le Vietnam tombé, cette cause naguère essentielle, celle des Méos a disparu des programmes. En Afghanistan viendra, plus tard, la déification de l’islamiste puis le soutien apporté à un incontestable combattant de la démocratie : Ben Laden.

    La recette reste bonne, activer une ethnie comme on met une bûche au feu. Cette pratique marche d’autant mieux qu’entre-temps le droit-de-l’hommisme, concept néo-libéral, a été forgé sous le marteau de Kouchner. Avec une telle arme le scrupule de détruire un État disparaît. Au nom du droit, le leur, les démolisseurs peuvent bombarder sans mauvaise conscience, comme ils le firent en Serbie. L’épisode historique des valeureux « rebelles tchétchènes », dont on nous a longuement loué mérites et qualités dans les journaux, au tournant de 1990, a finalement érigé la charia en 1999. Ce qui indique un amour sans murailles pour la démocratie et la liberté. Des journalistes ont alors crapahuté dans les montagnes, de concert avec ces fous de Dieu, mais en oubliant de prévenir les lecteurs de leur véritable but : le califat. Nous avons donc pleuré là aussi. Constater la nature mortifère de ces rebelles justifie-t-il les crimes de guerre commis contre eux ou contre la population ? Atrocités commises par des Russes ou par le dictateur Bassaïev ? Non. Mais que l’on vienne alors nous expliquer pourquoi la France est en guerre pour préserver l’Afrique de l’ouest des mains de Daech... Alors que Poutine, lui, était prié de faire bon ménage avec la charia, dans un état de la Fédération de Russie ?

    Mon métier a voulu que, pour un temps plus ou moins long, mais toujours « sur le terrain », j’ai vu l’Occident dénoncer les crimes des autres sans jamais regarder les siens. Deux exemples de massacres, utilisés comme arme de propagande, ont été pour moi l’objet de reportages éclairants sur la puissance du mensonge. Le premier se déroule en février 1991 dans le Kurdistan irakien. Sous l’effroyable feu de « la coalition internationale », Saddam Hussein se retire du Koweït. Dans le nord de l’Irak les peshmergas, combattants kurdes, prennent en main la population et parviennent aisément à convaincre les familles que l’heure du crime est de retour : Saddam va se venger sur leur peuple. En liaison avec Washington, avec James Baker, mais aussi l’immanquable Kouchner et la naïve Danielle Mitterrand, les peshmergas poussent la population vers les montagnes. Puis la confinent là-haut dans des conditions de survie difficiles. Ainsi créé, l’abcès de fixation qui est un « drame humanitaire » justifie une zone d’interdiction de vol pour les avions du raïs et un opprobre international. Heureusement « le génocide » annoncé n’a jamais eu lieu et, selon de dignes témoins, jamais envisagé par Saddam. Les Kurdes, une fois de plus dans leur interminable errance, ont été utilisés comme un argument cynique de géopolitique. Le fond n’étant pas de leur donner un meilleur avenir. C’est depuis Bagdad, Erbil, Kirkouk, Souleymanieh que j’ai vécu, les yeux ouverts, ce moment où l’on faisande l’histoire.

    Un ultime exemple avec l’escroquerie médatico-politique, celle du Kosovo. En 1999, le « monde libre » nous annonce que le Kosovo, province serbe majoritairement peuplée d’Albanais, est un lieu de martyre. Avec tueries de masse, camps de concentration et toutes horreurs de la barbarie. Edwy Plenel, alors directeur du quotidien Le Monde , nous annonce « 700 000 fantômes » au Kosovo. Pour parler sans métaphore, 700 000 morts. Selon le porte-parole de l’Otan le stade de Pristina, la capitale de la province, a été transformé en camp comme Santiago sous Pinochet. La propagande se nourrit de clichés.

    Arrivant par miracle jusqu’à ce Stadium, j’ai la surprise de le voir éclairé par des phares de voitures, avec des joueurs de foot à l’entrainement. Pendant des jours, du matin au soir, j’ai cherché les 700 000 morts de Plenel. Pas de trace. L’essentiel des victimes étaient mortes sous les bombes et missiles de l’Otan, tirés par des avions de chasse confondant des files de tracteurs avec des colonnes de chars serbes. Qui n’existaient d’ailleurs pas.

    En dehors de leur mortelle incursion au sein de Daech en Syrie, je ne connais rien des Ouïghours, je n’en dirai donc rien. Au contraire de ceux qui parlent mais ne savent rien. Je rappelle seulement la litanie de quelques mensonges, forgés à Washington au nom de l’America First. Un maître du monde soucieux de ne rien perdre de sa force coloniale bétonnée par le mensonge démocratique. Pour conclure, comment peut-on croire en une rumeur mondialisée, celle des Ouïghours martyrisés alors que les Palestiniens, niés, volés, bafoués, emprisonnés, torturés, continuent de l’être dans l’indifférence de ceux qui attaquent aujourd’hui Pékin. Nous laissant croire que démocratie et liberté ne sont pas leur objectif premier. Souvenez-vous enfin d’une autre offensive, avec BHL, Clooney et toute la troupe d’Hollywood sur le « drame du Darfour », l’objectif étant de détourner la douleur de l’opinion de la Palestine vers un morceau du Soudan. Que les amis droit-de-l’hommistes se souviennent, s’ils sont en panne de noble cause : en 1982 l’ONU a déclaré que le massacre de Sabra et Chatila était un "acte de génocide"... et rien n’est c’est passé après ce crime imprescriptible. Si j’étais un citoyen de Gaza je demanderais ma naturalisation ouïghoure, et mon sort intéresserait enfin le monde. Celui qui compte.

    
Tant qu’elle reste sélective l’indignation n’est rien.

    Jacques-Marie BOURGET

    #minorité #minorité_opprimée #oppression #ouïghours #ouïghour #minorités #Palestine #Palestiniens #Gaza #Daech e#al_nosra #Printemps_Arabes #internautes #ong #robert ménard #RSF #NED #Biafra #bernard_kouchner #Vietnam #Afghanistan #ben_laden #droit-de-l’hommisme #Serbie #daech #Irak #danielle_mitterrand #Kosovo #edwy_plenel #bhl #Darfour #propagande #enfumage #manipulation #histoire #médias

  • L’une des plus grandes décharges d’Europe attise les convoitises de Suez aux dépens de l’efficacité écologique
    https://www.bastamag.net/Decharge-montagne-de-dechets-incinerateur-Suez-tri-selectif-Serbie-polluti

    Une des plus grandes décharges à ciel ouvert d’Europe empoisonne les sols et l’air de la banlieue de Belgrade. Suez, géant français de la gestion des déchets et de l’eau, a conclu un très gros contrat avec la mairie de la capitale serbe pour bâtir un incinérateur. La montagne d’ordures va-t-elle disparaître et le recyclage se développer ? Pas si sûr. On a beau être à plus de 700 kilomètres de la côte la plus proche, une armée de mouettes obscurcit le ciel. Au milieu de coteaux agricoles, à quelques (...) #Décrypter

    / #Europe, Pollutions , #Toxiques, #Multinationales, #Reportages, A la une

    #Pollutions_

  • L’Europe centrale fait face à une hausse des cas de Covid-19
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2020/07/08/l-europe-centrale-fait-face-a-une-hausse-des-cas-de-covid-19_6045612_3210.ht

    Si les chiffres absolus restent encore limités et que les systèmes sanitaires locaux semblent tenir la charge, ce pic vient démontrer les limites de la méthode de protection des ex-pays de l’Est. Ceux-ci s’étaient barricadés derrière leurs frontières dès que les premiers cas étaient apparus à l’Ouest, en mars. Cela avait permis de protéger les populations locales. Mais les travailleurs partis à l’Ouest sont désormais de retour pour les congés d’été et importent le virus avec eux. Sans compter la particularité de la Croatie, qui a rouvert largement ses frontières aux touristes, cruciaux pour l’économie, ce qui s’est immédiatement traduit par une hausse des cas, même si les autorités se veulent rassurantes. Dans ce contexte, certaines capitales ont décidé de réintroduire des contrôles aux frontières dans la cacophonie. La Slovénie exige par exemple des tests négatifs de certains Tchèques en route pour la Croatie, tandis que la Slovaquie a placé le Monténégro en « zone rouge » et interdit à ses concitoyens d’y partir en vacances. L’Autriche exige de son côté à nouveau aux voyageurs venant de Bulgarie ou de Roumanie de présenter un test négatif ou de se soumettre à une quatorzaine.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#serbie#slovenie#croatie#montenegro#slovaquie#autriche#retour#tourisme#economie#sante

  • INFO PARK 17 – 23 June 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ Anti-migrant rhetoric reached its peak on 20 June, World Refugee Day, when an antimigrant protest was organized in Belgrade downtown, as well as in Banja Koviljaca,in western Serbia. Despite repeated calls for action on social media in the days before the event, only around one hundred people gathered in Belgrade and 400 in Banja
    Koviljaca, where an asylum center is located. They shouted anti-migrant and far right paroles and called for closure of refugee camps in Serbia, but no incidents were reported. Despite clear need for restriction of hate speech and drawing a clear line between hate speech and freedom of expression, which is the role of the state, such
    rhetoric is allowed and unpunished, as is proven with this protest.

    #covid-19 #migration #migrant #serbie #manifestation #xenophobie #belgrade #banjakoviljaca

  • THE DARK SIDE OF EUROPEANISATION. Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the European Border Regime

    While the external borders of the European Union have remained largely closed for people on the move since 2016, the two neighbouring states, Serbia, and Bosnia & Herzegovina, have become the main transit countries in Southeast Europe, with migrations taking place in a clandestine manner, often back and forth and exposed to brutal border pushbacks. Examining migration movements, policies, public discourses and struggles in the Balkans between the summer of migration in 2015 and the pandemic crisis in 2020, this study provides an analysis of the impact of the EUropean border and migration regime in the region, which has become a #buffer_zone for people on the move. Tracing the complex interplay of EU, state and local institutions, it offers insight into how policies of the securitisation and militarisation of the EU’s external borders are intertwined with the region’s EU accession process.

    https://www.rosalux.rs/en/dark-side-europeanisation
    #rapport #border_regime #Bosnie #Balkans #Serbie #migrations #asile #réfugiés #frontières #frontières_extérieures #transit #Europe #EU #UE #militarisation #sécurisation #militarisation_des_frontières

    ping @luciebacon @isskein

  • Info Park Weekly 10 – 16 June 2020

    Serbia

    More and more refugees and other migrants are leaving reception centers in Serbia following the end of the state of emergency and lifting of lockdown measures. According to the data from Info Park’s mobile team, the number of the refugees and migrants in the
    central Belgrade area has constantly been on the rise with approximately 200 persons present daily. According to the latest data of the Serbian Commissariat for Refugees and Migration (SCRM), 4,677 people are registered in 18 camps which is almost two times
    less than during the state of emergency. This resulted in the reorganization of accommodation facilities across the country. The SCRM announced the closure of reception centers in Bujanovac and Pirot for renovation during summer, while beneficiaries and staff will be relocated to Vranje and Divljana RCs respectively.

    Despite a rapid downfall of the number of migrants in the government-run centers, Serbian Ministry of Interior continued with illegal practice of pushbacks to Macedonia. Info Park was approached by a Syrian man who stated he had been collected in central
    Belgrade and driven 400km south with two other migrants near Tabanovce on Serbian – Macedonian border. All three of them returned to Belgrade the following day.

    The number of Covid-19 cases in Serbia is on the rise again. However, there have been no registered cases among the migrant population so far. Living in overcrowded reception centers with no possibility to practice physical distancing or follow hygienic measures puts them at increased risk of contracting the virus. Even if they have some
    symptoms, they are afraid to seek testing or care. As a result of these new developments, Info Park decided to reduce its working hours and the number of beneficiaries accommodated in our daily shelter. To find out more on humanitarian response during COVID-19 in Serbia, read the appendix on NGO reflections on migration during coronavirus, written by Avanti Puri.

    Croatia
    Amnesty International has accused the EU of turning a blind eye to Croatian police violence targeting migrants and called on the bloc to probe alleged abuses. Amnesty International late Thursday cited an incident which allegedly took place in late May near Bosnian border. A group of 16 Pakistani and Afghan asylum-seekers were “bound,
    brutally beaten and tortured” by Croatian police after having illegally entered the country, the rights monitor said in a statement. Greece

    Greece
    The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) urged Greece to investigate multiple reports of push backs of asylum-seekers by Greek authorities at the country’s sea and land borders. The
    agency said that while the number of asylum-seekers arriving in Greece by land and sea had dropped significantly since March, the number of reported pushbacks has been rising.

    #covid-19 #migration #migrant #croatie #grece #serbie #camp #campementinformel #refoulement #republiquedemacedoine #violence

  • Info Park
    Weekly 3 – 9 June 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ Filip Radovanović (23), who was arrested in Obrenovac after the attack on a refugee reception center, concluded a plea agreement with the Prosecutor’s Office, which sentenced him to eight months in prison. Filip caused an incident on 6 May, when he broke through the fence of Obrenovac reception center with his car, which he broadcasted live on his Facebook profile spreading anti-migrant hate messages.
    ➢ Belgrade police kept a regular presence at Luka Ćelović (or so-called Afghani) Park forcing refugees to leave or hide, yet Info Park mobile team counted approximately 100 migrants on average in the park (daily minimum was 70 while on the other days 140 individuals were present in the park). Still, lots of migrants are visible throughout
    central Belgrade.
    ➢ The bordering areas with Bosnia, Croatia, Hungary, and Romania are seeing increasing number of migrants staying in the open, waiting for an opportunity to cross the border. The number of people on the move (outside of regular camps) is estimated to be over 1,500.

    Croatia
    ➢ On Friday, 5 May, Zagreb-based Center for Peace Studies (CMS) filed a criminal complaint with the State Attorney’s Office in Croatia against unknown perpetrators among police officers on suspicion of degrading treatment and torture of 33 people and their violent, illegal expulsion from the territory of Croatia to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Moreover, according to the 2019 Aida Country Report on Croatia, the Croatian police pushed back as many as 1,514 people by force in the period between January and November 2019.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    ➢ CARE International released a report in March about the treatment of migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina while the updated version of the assessment was released in late May
    2020. The report detailed incidents of violence at the hands of Croatian police and authorities. Additionally, the report said that the situation worsened because of the
    restrictions imposed by COVID-19 pandemic and that all international nongovernmental organizations predicted that such a trend would continue when the summer arrives, and restrictions are lifted

    Greece
    ➢ Greece has shifted the problem with accommodation for refugees and other migrants from islands to the mainland. According to UNHCR, around 9,000 refugees started leaving accommodation in camps, apartments and hotels in Greece to vacate much needed accommodation for asylum-seekers currently living in overcrowded conditions on the Greek islands – the move which may push many into poverty and homelessness. This followed the passing of a new law in March 2020 that reduced the grace period for newly recognized refugees to move out of organized accommodation from six months to 30 days.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #serbie #camp #croatie #refoulement #plaintepenale #bosnieherzegovine #camp #grece #transfert

  • Info Park Weekly 27 May – 2 June 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ Serbian Ministry of Defense dropped the tender for procurement of razor wire originally intended for fencing the reception/asylum centers. As cited on the Ministry’s website, the reasons for this are "objective and verifiable and could have not been foreseen at the time of initiating the procedure”. This is a small but important victory for humanitarian organizations Info Park, A11 Initiative, PIN and other defenders of refugee and migrant human rights who called upon the Ministry to stop the dangerous process which would
    lead to further militarization of migration management in Serbia.
    ➢ The strong trend of migrants and refugees leaving reception centers in Serbia continued this week. On June 1, as per SCRM data 5 687 people are registered in 18 camps, 40% down from only a month ago when the centers were still in quarantine. Out of this number, 1171 are in asylum centers and 4516 in reception centers. The outflow of centers’ beneficiaries contributed to better living conditions, so the camps are not overcrowded
    anymore– Adasevci (690) and Krnjaca (612) are the busiest places at the moment. Thousands of migrants are already outside, in border areas with Bosnia, Croatia, Hungary and Romania as well as in Belgrade central area (according to Info Park’s assessment, around 300 persons). No corona cases have been registered among the
    migrants so far, despite occasional testing

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    ➢ Danish Refugee Council (DRC) active in the field in BiH has confirmed the accusations made last week by migrants who were illegally expelled to BiH from Croatia, while experiencing inhuman treatment when Croatian police spray-painted orange crosses on
    their heads. In April alone, DRC teams in BiH recorded 1,641 cases of refugees and migrants returning from Croatia to Bosnia. Of that number, 891 said they had suffered violence or physical assault, 1,253 said their property had either been confiscated or
    destroyed (set on fire), 871 said Croatian police had either confiscated or destroyed their identification documents, and 445 person said they were denied the opportunity to seek
    asylum, despite explicitly asking about it. To find out more on the current situation in BiH, please read this weekly appendix written by Aleksandra Damjanovic from DRC in BiH.
    ➢ According to local BiH web portal Klix, The State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) is implementing an action code-named “Trieste” ordered by the Una-Sana Canton Prosecutor’s Office. The operation is aimed at breaking up an organized criminal group
    that has been smuggling migrants from BiH through Croatia to other European Union countries. The “Trieste” operation is also being carried out in Croatia, in cooperation with EUROPOL. Searches are being conducted at five locations in Velika Kladusa, Cazin and
    Bihac. Eight people were arrested so far - four in BiH and four in Croatia.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #camp #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Refoulement

  • Frontex bientôt sur les frontières du #Monténégro et de la #Serbie

    1er juin - 8h : L’Union européenne a approuvé, mardi 26 mai, un #accord passé avec le Monténégro et la Serbie, prévoyant le déploiement de la #mission_Frontex sur les frontières de ces deux pays. Il s’agit d’aider le Monténégro et la Serbie, candidats à l’intégrer, à « mieux gérer les flux migratoires ». Le déploiement de #Frontex sera effectif dès juillet au Monténégro, tandis qu’une date doit encore être fixée pour la Serbie.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Les-dernieres-infos-Refugies-Balkans-Bosnie-Herzegovine-un-nouvea

    #Balkans #route_des_balkans #militarisation_des_frontières #frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés

    –---

    Voir aussi :

    2018 :
    « Come il Montenegro si prepara a un’emergenza che non c’è »
    https://seenthis.net/messages/712376

    2019 :
    European Border and Coast Guard : Agreement reached on operational cooperation with Montenegro
    https://seenthis.net/messages/758359

    À partir de 22 mai 2019, Frontex déploiera des équipes conjointes à la frontière grecque avec des agents albanais. La Commission européenne a passé des accords semblables avec la Macédoine du Nord, la Serbie, le Monténégro et la Bosnie-Herzégovine, qui devraient également entrer en vigueur.
    https://seenthis.net/messages/782260

    ping @isskein @reka @karine4

  • RÉFUGIÉS SUR LA ROUTE DES BALKANS : LE RÈGNE DE LA VIOLENCE ET DU SILENCE

    Des exilés tués dans les camps financés par l’UE, maltraités et marqués à la peinture par la police croate, des camps de réfugiés qui ressemblent de plus en plus à des « camps de concentration »… La situation ne cesse de se détériorer tout au long de la route des Balkans. Entretien avec la journaliste Nidžara Ahmetašević.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Refugies-sur-la-route-des-Balkans-le-regne-de-la-violence-et-du-s

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #camp #violencespolicières #frontière #Serbie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Croatie

  • Info Park
    Weekly
    20 – 26 May 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ After the lockdown measures were lifted, the number of refugees and other migrants visible in the parks and streets of Savamala district has been increasing daily. Info
    Park mobile team has registered a daily average of 160 people on the move in the area, which is higher than the week before and corresponds to the numbers before
    the state of emergency. By the end of the week, police officers returned to Park Luke Celovica, commencing raids, and bringing migrants without permits to governmentrun centers to leave the camps back. Info Park registered 534 push backs from Hungary –the high number reflecting return to pre-pandemic dynamics in the border
    zone.
    ➢ Ministry of Defense published a public procurement for 2.5 tons of razor-wire intended for fencing the reception and asylum centers in Serbia. Info Park issued a press statement joined by A11 Initiative, PIN, Alternative Center for Girls and Collective Aid, calling the Ministry to immediately withdraw the public procurement
    and return its activities within their constitutional framework. Moreover, the organizations called upon the European Commission to react and inform the
    authorities in Belgrade that these actions are derogating the efforts undertaken in Serbia’s accession process towards the European Union, within chapters 23 and 24.
    Full statement is available here.
    ➢ According to Serbian media, a person from Valjevo was arrested for spreading national and racial hatred towards migrants in the text on newly established website owned by the detainee. The website article reads that a new refugee camp for 10,000 migrants will open in Valjevo should the ruling Progressives win the forthcoming
    elections.
    ➢ Belgrade Center for Human Rights issued a press statement informing the public on the inadmissible conduct of the Bogovadja Asylum Centre security guards, who verbally and physically abused an unaccompanied child accommodated there. The
    BCHR pressed criminal charges against the guards.
    ➢ The updated AIDA 2019 Country Report on Serbia documents the main developments in asylum procedures, reception conditions, detention of asylum seekers and the Covid-19 measures. Read the full country report here.

    Croatia
    ➢ Portal Novosti reported on the latest in a series of attempts of Croatian authorities to curb migration in the country. Reportedly, the Croatian state enterprise for forest management carried out deforestation on the heights of the Plješivica mountain and near the former Yugoslav National Army airport Željava, along the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Croatian police allegedly did not deny it but said they aimed to control better the entry of refugees and other migrants from BiH.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    ➢ During the previous week, a group of migrants accidentally initiated a fire in an abandoned hall near Miral RC in Velika Kladusa. On 18 May the special police forces
    entered the hall and used physical violence against a group of migrants found there and forced them to leave the place. The video of the incident was published on the
    YouTube. Association for Democratic Initiatives (ADI) and Civil Rights Defenders (CRD) released a joint statement and condemned the violation of human rights and
    use of violence against migrants. Afterwards the cantonal police conducted an internal investigation and concluded there was no excessive use of violence in the
    action.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Serbie #Croatie

  • [Google translate]

    RFE / RL: The Ministry of Defense is buying razor wire to fence the centers for migrants

    The Ministry of Defense of Serbia is buying almost 2.5 tons of razor wire for fencing the reception centers for the accommodation of migrants and the centers for the accommodation of asylum seekers, it is stated in the published public procurement invitation.

    According to the documentation published by the Ministry of Defense on May 15, in addition to the 700-millimeter-thick razor wire, 1,521 meters of ribbed iron in 20-millimeter-thick bars and 50 kilograms of galvanized binding wire are also subject to public procurement.

    The military post office in Kraljevo is listed as the ordering party, and the procurement is being conducted as a negotiated procedure.

    Radio Free Europe has so far not received an answer from the Ministry of Defense to the question why the razor wire is placed around the centers and exactly which centers will be fenced.

    As it is stated, due to “exceptional urgency caused by extraordinary circumstances or unforeseen events, the occurrence of which in no case depends on the will of the ordering party, the ordering party could not act within the deadlines set for open or restrictive procedure”.

    It is also added that the Army received a task that it does not normally perform in peace, and it refers to the provision of Reception Centers and Centers for Asylum of Migrants on the territory of Serbia “and according to the mentioned fact 2020”.

    The deadline for submitting the bid is, as it is pointed out, May 21.

    The documentation also states that the bidder is obliged to offer a warranty period of at least 12 months.

    The director of the Center for Protection and Assistance to Asylum Seekers, Rados Djurovic, says for RFE that it is unclear why the Serbian Army is engaged in providing asylum centers and reception centers for migrants, because it does not have the authority to do so.

    http://rs.n1info.com/Vesti/a601522/RSE-Ministarstvo-odbrane-kupuje-zilet-zicu-za-ogradjivanje-centara-za-mig

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Mur #Camp

  • Call to Action: STOP FUNDING VIOLENCE NOW!

    https://transbalkanskasolidarnost.home.blog/stop-funding-violence-now

    May 27 – 29, 2020

    Transbalkan Solidarity invites you to participate in a 48-hour return-the-bullets-back protest campaign directed at the European Union and its decision-making bodies (the European Parliament, the European Council, the European Commission and the Council of the European Union), which are accountable for funding acts of systematic violence that amount to crimes against humanity.

    Why do we need to take action?

    Through the Internal Security Fund (ISF) allocated to Member States’ national programmes for law enforcement cooperation and the management of the union’s external borders, and the Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) cross-border collaboration programmes for non-member states, European Union is responsible for committing acts of violence against peoples that are residing, settling in or migrating to Europe by land or sea.

    Acts of violence occurring daily in more or less all the current camps, police stations, courtrooms, deportation centers, prisons and border areas in Europe:

    are not isolated or sporadic events but are a part of a wide systematic practice tolerated and condoned by our governments and the European Parliament,
    are funded by public funds,
    are a stable source of profit for privately-owned companies and shareholders,
    are reinforcing the arms industry, arms trade, and war economy,
    are direct degradation of the international humanitarian and human rights law, and subsequently the derogation of the right to asylum.
    Dehumanisation, deportations, extrajudicial punishments, kidnappings and forced disappearances, imprisonment, enslavement, human trafficking, torture, rape, political repression, racial discrimination and other human rights abuses experienced by people that reached Europe as migrants and refugees are a part of a widespread and systematic practice enforced by governmental policies and are conducted by law enforcement agencies, police and military forces, private security services, criminal groups, vigilante groups, judicial systems and other governmental bodies in Europe.

    Therefore, Transbalkan Solidarity holds the European Union’s decision-making bodies together with the Member States’ and non-member states’ governments accountable for:

    every bullet fired,
    every baton injury, every dog bite wound, every painful stitch,
    every drowning in the sea and rivers, every lack of rescue, every ban of docking,
    every tragic death, every disappearance, every family separation, every pushback, every human trauma caused by hunger, thirst, humiliation, and pain,
    every illegalisation and criminalisation of human existence,
    every criminalisation of activism and solidarity,
    all the acts of violence committed in the name of racial bias and xenophobic prejudice,
    all the acts of violence committed in the name of territory governance and border management,
    all the acts of violence committed in the name of profit!
    How to participate in the campaign?

    return the bullet that killed hope back (photo attached) to the European Commission at
    Secretariat-General, Ursula von der Leyen (president):

    ec-president-vdl@ec.europa.eu

    Migration and Home Affairs, Ylva Johansson (commissioner):

    cab-johansson-contact@ec.europa.eu

    Neighbourhood and Enlargement, Olivér Várhelyi (commissioner):

    cab-varhelyi-contact@ec.europa.eu

    If you are concerned about your privacy, open a new email address.

    share the bullet that killed hope (photo attached) on your social media with hashtags
    #stopfundingviolence, #thisbulletkilledhope, #protestcampaign, #transbalkansolidarity, #europeancommission #eu

    distribute this call to action among your comrades and in your community
    return and/or share a bullet that killed hope anytime between May 27 – 29, 2020
    Take action now! Return the bullet that killed hope back to those who are funding it!

    Transbalkan Solidarity

    _

    Why do we organize this protest campaign?

    “They were just following orders” is the most common justification of violence we get, known as the Nuremberg Defense. But we are asking back: Whose orders? Whose funds?

    Who ordered the acts of violence against the kids in Bogovađa in Serbia this May, the violence against the people under protection in Obrenovac camp in Serbia and the beatings and the application of tear gas indoors in Krnjača camp in Serbia this April? Who gave orders for the urgent acquisition of razor wire for enclosing the camps in Serbia or fencing off the Porin camp in Zagreb in Croatia? Who ordered the use of lethal force of private security personnel and the consequent death of Ahmed from Kurdistan in camp Ušivak in Hadžići in Bosnia and Herzegovina in early May? Who ordered the forced transfers from camp to camp in Bosnia and Serbia? Who ordered the state-administered burning of personal possessions in Velika Kladuša in Bosnia and Herzegovina? Who ordered the access restrictions to prevent entry into the Bosnia camps that led to the tragic death of Ahmed from Morocco in Miral camp near Velika Kladuša? Who gave orders for random beatings in Miral camp this May, or regular cruelty of Croatian police and countless pushbacks, dog attacks, and injuries to the people? Who gave the order to stamp people on the move with the red cross sprayed on their heads and bodies? Who gave and funded those orders? Who ordered firearms shots at people on the move on multiple occasions, including children? Who ordered to let the dogs out? Who?

    There is no end to such horrible acts that were committed in the very short time of the Covid-19 lockdown? What fascists think and talk, the European Union’s decision-making bodies are funding and implementing, or is it the other way around? Such politics and crimes are shaping public opinion and encouraging hate speech, hate crimes, the recruitment of white supremacists and fascism. “Strike the scum, strike the animals,“ has become a normalized and widely accepted way of social commenting on every news of violence committed against the people on the move. It is those who are there to officially promote universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe who are committing these acts and should be held accountable.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Croatie

  • [Google Translate]

    The Ministry of Defense of Serbia is buying razor wire for fencing the centers for migrants

    The Ministry of Defense of Serbia is buying almost 2.5 tons of razor wire for fencing the reception centers for the accommodation of migrants and the centers for the accommodation of asylum seekers, it is stated in the public procurement invitation published on the website of that institution.

    According to the documentation published by the Ministry of Defense on May 15, in addition to the 700-millimeter-thick razor wire, 1,521 meters of ribbed iron in 20-millimeter-thick bars and 50 kilograms of galvanized binding wire are also subject to public procurement.

    The military post office in Kraljevo is listed as the ordering party, and the procurement is being conducted as a negotiated procedure.

    Until the conclusion of the text, we did not receive an answer from the Ministry of Defense to the question why the razor wire is placed around the centers and exactly which centers will be fenced.

    As it is stated, due to “extraordinary urgency caused by extraordinary circumstances or unforeseen events, the occurrence of which in no case depends on the will of the ordering party, the ordering party could not act within the deadlines set for open or restrictive procedure”.

    It is also added that the Army received a task that it does not normally perform in peace, and refers to the provision of Reception Centers and Centers for Asylum of Migrants on the territory of Serbia “and according to the above fact, the possible procurement of goods could not be foreseen and planned 2020.”

    The deadline for submitting the bid is, as it is pointed out, May 21.

    The documentation also states that the bidder is obliged to offer a warranty period of at least 12 months.

    The lowest offered price was stated as a criterion for evaluation and award of the contract, and the Ministry sent an invitation to submit bids to the addresses of four companies: “Žica best” from Smederevo, “In-Sy Group” from Belgrade, “Legi sistem” from Belgrade and " Magnum Novi Sad Vebecom ”from Sremska Kamenica.

    Some of these companies, as explained on their website, already have experience in installing fencing systems on facilities of strategic importance such as border crossings and airports.

    Securing migrant centers is not the responsibility of the Army

    It is unclear why the Serbian Army is providing asylum centers and reception centers for migrants, because it does not have the authority to do so, Rados Djurovic, director of the Center for Protection and Assistance to Asylum Seekers, told Radio Free Europe (RFE). He adds that a distinction should be made between asylum centers and reception centers for migrants.

    "Asylum centers are places where people who want to seek asylum in the Republic of Serbia are accommodated. These are persons who have not violated our law in any way, nor is there any basis to restrict their movement. These are people who want the protection of the Republic of Serbia, and then there is no need to fence such camps with razor wire, "says Djurovic, adding:

    “On the other hand, if we are talking about reception centers for migrants, ie for people who do not want to seek asylum here and who would have to be in a legal procedure, then everything depends on the character of such a camp, ie the specific case of people who accommodated whether their movement should be restricted or not. That is not within the competence of the Army. Then such centers, which might serve for deportation, should be run by the Border Police together with the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration. The army has no place here according to the existing legislation.”

    There are currently five asylum centers and 14 reception centers in Serbia. The problem, according to Radoš Đurović, is that the competent institutions place people in those centers at random, and those who do not want to seek asylum remain in an unregulated legal status.

    “When people do not exist for the eyes of the system, and are placed in state institutions, then there is a doubt as to how to treat them and what are the rights and obligations that the state has,” says Djurovic.

    Raising the razor wire suggests that Serbia has taken the path of restrictions in the political sense, which Hungary has already started, where there is a similar practice of fencing camps, Rados Djurovic believes.

    "In many other countries in Europe, fencing camps in this way is a rarity, of course, depending on the character of the camp. Some deportation camps are fenced. On the other hand, asylum centers are only fenced with a simple fence. “But for the Army to provide asylum centers, that does not exist as an established practice in the developed countries of Western Europe,” Djurovic concludes.

    Use of the army during a state of emergency
    During the state of emergency in Serbia due to the corona virus, from March 15 to May 6, 2020, migrants were in 24-hour isolation for 53 days, and the facilities in which they are kept were guarded by the Serbian Army.

    According to the statement of the Commissariat for Refugees of Serbia from April 4, the measures were introduced “in order to prevent the spread of the corona virus among the migrant population”.

    After the lifting of the state of emergency, the security was taken over by the police, while the migrants were allowed to leave with the permission of the management of the centers where they are staying.

    In mid-May, the President of Serbia, Aleksandar Vučić, ordered the use of a part of the forces of the Serbian Army on the territory of the municipality of Sid in order to provide assistance to the Ministry of Internal Affairs in securing asylum centers and reception centers, the Ministry of Defense announced.

    Explaining the decision on the deployment of the army, the President of Serbia, Aleksandar Vučić, said that it was done “in accordance with the assessments of the security bodies and the requests of the citizens from the territory of the municipality of Sid.”

    Answering the question why it was necessary to send units to Sid, Vučić, as a guest on Prva TV, said that the citizens of Šid “feel unsafe”.

    The Commissariat for Refugees stated in a statement on May 16 that the army is being deployed in Sid as a precaution, and that there have been no major incidents there so far.

    Serbian Commissioner for Refugees and Migrants Vladimir Cucic said that during the state of emergency and closed borders due to the coronavirus virus epidemic, about 9,100 migrants stayed in Serbia, but that more than 1,000 of them left the country after the state of emergency was lifted.

    Increased anti-immigrant rhetoric
    On May 13, several extreme right-wing groups organized a protest in front of the Reception Center for Migrants in Obrenovac.

    According to their representatives, they gathered to support Filip Radovanović, who was remanded in custody by the Basic Court in Obrenovac for up to 30 days after he broke into the Reception Center on May 6. Radovanovic is a member of the right-wing organization Leviathan, which advocates anti-immigrant views.

    Serbian Commissioner for Refugees and Migration Vladimir Cucic told RFE / RL after the incident that he must stop sowing hatred towards migrants.

    Right-wing extremists organized protests against migrants ahead of the health crisis in several Serbian cities.

    https://www.slobodnaevropa.org/a/ministarstvo-odbrane-srbije-zica-ogradjivanje-centara-za-migrante/30623767.html

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Camp #Mur #Armée #Xenophobie

  • Info Park
    Weekly
    13 – 19 May 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ On 14 May, Health Minister Zlatibor Loncar annulled the previous order that extended the lockdown for Reception and Asylum Centers in Serbia. (Official Gazette, no. 74/2020) As a result, all refugees and other migrants regained the right to freedom of movement in the country. Asylum office of the Serbian Interior Ministry will resume its operations on 1 June.
    ➢ In a stark contrast to above decision to relax the lockdown measures in all the camps, on 16 May Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic ordered Serbian Army deployment in municipality Sid with 3 centers: Adasevci, Principovac and Sid city. Apparently, the decision is made following requests from the local municipality to prevent any incidents that occurred before corona epidemics, including petty crime, burglaries and illegal entry into abandoned buildings including farms or weekend houses in the area. The units belonging to the elite 72 Brigade for Special Operations of Serbian army are deployed on the same day, guarding 3 centers and patrolling in the town.
    According to the SCRM, the migrants are allowed to leave all of these camps, however their stay outside after the 10PM curfew is not tolerated, and they are forced
    to return to the camp. Various representatives of civil society criticized this decision heavily, claiming it is connected with the campaign for general elections in Serbia set for 21 June - especially given that no incidents are reported since lifting lockdown of Sid area camps.
    Last week was marked by the swift return to “normality” regarding migrations in Serbia. Nearly 1,500 migrants managed to leave the camps since the end the state of
    emergency, despite strong SCRM efforts to slow down the outflow with the partial restriction of freedom of movement with a system of quotas (for instance, in Krnjaca AC only 5 migrants per barrack were allowed to exit the premises). According to Serbian Commissar for refugees and migrations Vladimir Cucic, Serbian ACs and
    RCs currently host 7,700 beneficiaries, with an estimation of at least 150 people on the move outside. At the peak of the state of emergency, the camps had over 9.100 accommodated people.
    ➢ Inflow of refugees and other migrants in the parks of Belgrade Savamala district is notable, with numbers rising from 120 on Wednesday to 270 on Sunday. Consequently, significant number of smugglers are also present in the area, seeking clients and brokering deals about irregular travel to the EU. As a result, there is a significant increase in attempts to cross the borders of Hungary and Romania. Push backs from Hungarian border peaked at 188 over the weekend. At the same time an apparent movement of Kurdish families is noticed towards or over the border with Romania. Read more on how the new border regime could influence people on the
    move in this Weekly’s appendix “Protection of borders in times of crisis”.
    ➢ Around 50 right-wingers, mostly members of the extremist neo-nazi Levijatan movement, gathered outside the Obrenovac RTC on 13 May to protest in support to a
    member of the organization who had forcibly driven into the camp the week before and was ordered 30-day detention.

    Croatia
    ➢ Following the reports condemning the photos of physically marked refuges in Croatia last week, the Guardian published an article about this humiliating practice. However, the Croatian Ministry of Interior denied the accusations published in the UK paper dubbing that these accusations absurd and dangerous since they are
    coming during the holy month of Ramadan.

    Greece
    ➢ The program of relocation of unaccompanied children from Greek islands to other EU countries is scheduled to continue. Portugal is set to welcome 500 boys and girls
    and dozens are ready for the relocation to Belgium. However, authorities have extended the lockdown of Greek refugee camps due to the corona virus pandemic.
    ➢ According to Alarm Phone, push-backs on the Aegean sea reportedly continued. Since early March 2020, Alarm Phone has received 28 emergency calls from the
    Aegean and in most of these cases the distress resulted from attacks on boats carried out in Greek waters by various vigilante groups.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Déconfinement #Couvre-feu #Grèce #Refoulement #Relocalisation #Enfants #Croatie #Violencespolicières #

  • Info Park
    Weekly 6 – 12 May 2020

    Serbia
    ➢ Following the global trend of relaxing COVID-19 prevention measures, Serbian Parliament annulled the 53-days long state of emergency on May 6. The “New normal” came into force for citizens on May 7 following the publishing in the Official Gazette, however it does not applied for the refugee and migrant population in Serbia. They remained locked in 20 camps as, on the same day, Minister of Health Zlatibor Lončar passed the “Order on restriction of movement at access to open spaces, reception centers for migrants and asylum centers”. The order states that “the beneficiaries of reception and asylum centers for migrants shall be prohibited to leave
    the centers. Exceptionally and in justified cases (visit to doctor, etc.), the migrants shall be allowed to leave the ACs and RCs with special and time-limited approval of the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration”. Because of the measures, Serbian army corps (that kept the camps sealed during the state of emergency) withdrew, but
    the police forces including gendarmerie came in instead, keeping the centers locked.
    ➢ The above decision was universally and widely criticized by numerous NGOs & INGOs, both publicly and unofficially, accusing Serbian authorities of expanding the scope of migrants’ discrimination already severely present during the emergency
    state. Initiative A11 and Belgrade Center for Human Rights both submitted appeals to the Constitutional Court calling for the annulation of the decree and momentary unlock of the refugee and migrant population.
    ➢ For many observers, the extension of migrants’ centers lockdown came as the State’s attempt to prevent thousands who are expected to leave the centers in a bid to reach Belgrade or North-West borders as soon as possible, but also to prevent incidents with radicalized anti-migrant groups now openly and freely calling for violence.
    However, the situation in many camps was described as “peaceful but tense”. As of May 9, SCRM staff in some of the government-run shelters started letting those accommodated in them leave the premises with a special permission, however some first runaways are also noted, both individual and in smaller groups. Apart from
    that, Serbia’s RCs and ACs did not see much change following the relaxation of measures. Most of them remain overcrowded accommodating around 9,000 asylum seekers and other migrants, including 1,179 children (617 unaccompanied boys)
    under inadequate guardianship. During last week, Subotica RC was restored under the SCRM management and currently serves 209 single men, including those who are pushed back from the borders. The number of pushbacks from Hungary jumped to 48 for one-week time, ranging from 3 to 12 per day compared to previous weeks
    when there were no recorded attempts to cross the Hungarian border
    ➢ The culmination of migrant-scapegoating in Serbia occurred last week with an incident in Obrenovac RC when a local man broke into the camp with his car. During the outburst of ethnic hate and islamophobia, the perpetrator filmed himself live on You Tube in a manner of New Zealand mosque mass killer Brenton Tarrant. He was
    detained for 48 hours and released with a mild charge. An employee of the city Info Park Weekly 06-12 May 2020 3
    council, he is close to the ruling party, currently a member of an extremist movement “Levijatan”. He stated he was inspired by fake news coming from Facebook group called “Stop the settling of migrants” mostly posting fake or outdated news.
    Moreover, over the weekend, another extremist groups lead by “People’s patrols”
    protested in Belgrade downtown against migrant “invasion”, vaccination, and 5G
    network under the slogan “We won’t give away Serbia” (Ne damo Srbiju). Last but not least, other right wing groups lead by “Levijatan” are scheduled to hold an antimigrant rally at the gates of Obrenovac RC on Wednesday May 13. Numerous, nonrestricted extremists’ events in Serbia can only be understood as an acceleration of
    right-wing campaign for general elections set for June 21

    Croatia
    ➢ Despite the coronavirus pandemic, Croatian border police continued with illegal expulsion of asylum seekers from the Croatian territory. This well-coordinated practice reached new, unprecedented proportions last week. Namely, according to the latest testimonies and photos, the police have been humiliating people by physically marking them with an orange cross sprayed all over their heads.

    Greece
    ➢ Border Violence Monitoring Network, BVMN, has released firsthand testimony and photographic evidence indicating the existence of violent collective expulsions of migrants including robbery, beatings with the use of batons and tasers, and stripping of clothes. Within six weeks the network has collected reports of 194 people removed
    and pushed back into Turkey from the camp in Diavata and the Drama Paranesti preremoval detention center.
    ➢ The Greek government continued denying the claims coming from the German paper Der Spiegel according to which a Pakistani national had been shot dead, possibly by Greek soldiers, while attempting to cross from Turkey into Greece two months ago.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Serbie #Croatie #Grèce #Déconfinement #Xénophobie #Refoulement #Violence #Expulsions

  • La #Serbie envoie l’#armée à #Šid

    L’armée serbe est intervenue samedi soir à Šid, près de la frontière croate, pour contrôler à titre préventif trois centres d’accueil, #Adaševci, #Principovac et #Šid-Stanica, où se trouvent un peu moins 2000 réfugiés. Au cours de la nuit, 18 personnes ont été arrêtées et renvoyées vers les centres, a déclaré à la RTS le maire de Šid, Zoran Semenović. Le Président Aleksandar Vučić a ordonné le recours à une partie des forces armées afin d’aider le ministère de l’Intérieur à sécuriser les centres d’asile et d’accueil.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Les-dernieres-infos-Refugies-Balkans-Bosnie-Herzegovine-un-nouvea
    #Sid #militarisation_des_frontières #route_des_balkans #Balkans #réfugiés #frontières #migrations #Croatie #sécurisation (sic) #sécurité #centres_d'accueil #Adasevci #Sid-Stanica #camps #camps_de_réfugiés

  • Special Report: #COVID-19 and Border Violence along the Balkan Route

    The #Border_Violence_Monitoring_Network are publishing a feature report on the intersection of the current health crisis and border management. This new report shares first hand testimony of people-on-the-move who are experiencing the COVID-19 lockdown in transit. Its scope looks at the way restrictive measures disproportionately affect vulnerable persons in camps and at borders. Further, analysis of various countries from the region shows how COVID-19 measures have also been utilised to shape and erode the fundamental rights of these communities. Approaching the topic of COVID-19 as a period used to stage rights suspensions, some of the developments explored in this report include:

    –The deployment of military forces at borders and camps is a core feature of the securitised response to COVID-19. This was seen with proposals made by the Slovenian government to increase the army’s remit in the border area and the garrisoning of camps in Serbia.

    –The development of pushback practice in countries such as Croatia has shown a disturbing turn. Augmentation of border violence as a result of the pandemic appeared with the crude paint tagging of transit groups near Velika Kladusa. Meanwhile two officers actively involved in pushbacks in the Topusko area were tested positive for COVID-19, putting people-on-the-move at direct risk of contracting the virus at the hand of perpetrating officers..

    –Collective expulsions from camps has rapidly become a new concern for people in centres in Greece and Serbia. The lockdown measures were used on multiple occasions as an excuse to perform large scale pushbacks from inner city camps and centres hosting asylum seekers.

    –Inadequate accommodation facilities are an ongoing concern for transit groups denied the basic means to exercise relevant health protocols. Across the Balkan Route and Greece, the sealing of centres marked disproportionate deprivations of liberty and wilful neglect of hygienic standards by states and the European Union.

    https://www.borderviolence.eu/special-report-covid-19-and-border-violence-along-the-balkan-route
    #violence #frontières #Balkans #route_des_Balkans #migrations #asile #réfugiés #violent_borders #violence_aux_frontières #rapport #armée #militarisation_des_frontières #Serbie #Slovénie #push-back #push-backs #refoulement #refoulements #Velika_Kladusa #Topusko #Grèce #confinement #camps_de_réfugiés #hébergement

    ping @luciebacon

  • Adeel arrived in Italy on the 21st attempt, first calling for “Mama” from Bihac

    [english bellow Google Translate] 

    Zemira Gorinjac iz Krajine već godinama pomaže migrantima koji se zadese na tlu BiH tokom svog put ka zemljama EU s nadom u bolji život. Zahvaljujući dobrim ljudima i donatorima, ona ih prehranjuje, oblači, liječi rane i sluša njihove teške životne priče. Zbog svega je zovu Mama i ona bude prva osoba kojoj se jave kada dođu u neku od željenih evropskih zemalja. Među njima je mladić Adeel koji je uspio iz 21. pokušaja doći do Italije.

    *

    Zemira Gorinjac from Krajina has been helping migrants who happen to be in BiH during their journey to EU countries with the hope of a better life. Thanks to good people and donors, she nourishes them, dresses them, heals wounds, and listens to their difficult life stories. Because of everything, they call her Mama and she will be the first person they call when they come to one of the desired European countries. Among them is young man Adeel who managed to reach Italy from the 21st attempt.

    suite :

    http://ba.n1info.com/Vijesti/a431524/Adeel-je-iz-21.-pokusaja-stigao-do-Italije-prvo-je-pozvao-Mamu-iz-Bihaca.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Serbie #Solidarité

  • "Settlement of migrants in Serbia" and the corona virus: How the epidemic affects the spread of false news and anti-migrant attitudes" [Google Translate] 

    „Naseljavanje migranata u Srbiji" i korona virus: Kako epidemija utiče na širenje lažnih vesti i antimigrantskih stavova

    https://www.bbc.com/serbian/lat/srbija-52524776

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Serbie #Xenophobie #Incident #Obrenovac #Fakenews

  • Commissariat: Hysterical anti-immigrant campaign led to incident in Obrenovac

    [English bellow - Google Translate] 

    Komesarijat: Histerična antimigrantska kampanja dovela do incidenta u Obrenovcu

    Komesarijat za izbeglice i migracije je najoštrije osudio upad automobilom u punoj brzini u Prihvatni centar za migrante u Obrenovcu.

    Kako upozoravaju iz Komesarijata, ovaj incident opominje da je krajnje vreme da se prestane sa verbalnim, a sada i fizičkim napadima na migrante, kao i da se zaustavi histerična kampanja prema njima na društvenim mrežama koja je, po njihovim rečima, dovela do ovog incidenta.

    „Komesarijat podseća da svi migranti u Srbiji, koji su od uvođenja vanrednog stanja izolovani u centrima, žele samo jedno, a to je da što pre napuste Srbiju. Apsurdno je da to isto žele i oni koji ih svakodnevno napadaju na društvenim mrežama“, navodi se.

    Dodaju da je zbog pandemije nastavak puta migranata ka Zapadnoj Evropi privremeno onemogućen, kao i da je karantin ispunio svoj cilj jer niko od migranata nije zaražen koronavirusom, a prihvatni centri su zdravstveno bezbedni jedino u Srbiji.

    „Srbija je dobra zemlja dobrih ljudi, koja je uspela, kao malo ko u okruženju i šire, da spreči da se opasan virus raširi i među ovom populacijom. Komesarijat se zahvaljuje Ministarstvu odbrane, Ministarstvu unutrašnjih poslova, Ministarstvu zdravlja, svim lokalnim samoupravama i partnerima koji su nam pomagali da ovaj težak zadatak uspešno obavimo“, istakli su u saopštenju.

    Iz Komesarijata su zaključili da očekuju da se konačno prestane sa antiimigrantskom kampanjom i da Srbija nastavi da pokazuje svoje pravo lice, kakvo je oduvek imala.

    *

    Commissariat: Hysterical anti-immigrant campaign led to incident in Obrenovac

    The Commissariat for Refugees and Migration most strongly condemned the intrusion of a car at full speed into the Migration Reception Center in Obrenovac.

    According to the Commissariat, this incident warns that it is high time to stop the verbal and now physical attacks on migrants, as well as to stop the hysterical campaign against them on the social networks that, in their words, led to this incident.

    "The Commissariat reminds that all migrants in Serbia, who have been isolated from the centers since the introduction of the state of emergency, want only one thing, which is to leave Serbia as soon as possible. It is absurd that those who attack them on social networks on a daily basis also want it, "it said.

    They added that because of the pandemic, the continuation of the migrants’ journey to Western Europe was temporarily hindered, and that quarantine fulfilled its goal because none of the migrants were infected with the coronavirus, and the reception centers were only safe in Serbia.

    "Serbia is a good country of good people, who has succeeded, as few in the environment and beyond, in preventing a dangerous virus from spreading among this population. The Commissariat is grateful to the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Health, all local governments and partners for helping us successfully accomplish this difficult task, "they said.

    The Commissariat has concluded that they expect the anti-immigrant campaign to finally cease and that Serbia continues to show its true face, as it has always been.

    http://rs.n1info.com/Vesti/a596901/Komesarijat-Histericna-antimigrantska-kampanja-dovela-do-incidenta-u-Obre

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Serbie #Xenophobie #Incident #Obrenovac

  • AYS Daily Digest 22/04/20

    GREECE

    *About 300 people took to the streets of Moria on Wednesday to protest for their safety

    *Human Rights Watch published a detailed report on how Greece is not ready to handle COVID-19 in refugee camps.
    You can read the full report here.
    “Ultimately Greece, with the support of EU institutions and countries, should end its inhumane containment policy and facilitate the transfer of asylum seekers from the Aegean islands on a regular basis and provide them with fair and efficient asylum procedures.
    ‘Covid-19 exposes that the lack of EU solidarity on addressing the congestion in the Greek islands has not only made the situation worse but is now putting thousands of lives at risk,’ Wille said. ‘The Greek government and the EU should show they can win this race against the clock while addressing in a humane way the massive overcrowding that has been a problem for years.’”
    HRW also interviewed a pharmacist, who’s lived in Moria the past five months. See a video here of their interview with him while he explains the efforts to protect and educate people in the camp about the virus.

    SERBIA

    In an update from NoName Kitchen:
    “Upon the arrival of the coronavirus, the government limited the movement of migrants and left the detention of those who lived outside the official camps to the police and the military. Since then, no one can leave and there are members of the army guarding the perimeter of each property. Meanwhile, the police are stopping foreigners on the streets of Belgrade on suspicion that they are migrants based on their faces, skin colour, clothing… and asking where they come from and where they are staying.
    Good news in this scenario is that there were no registered cases of Covid-19 contagion in any of the camps. Further good news is that at least 35 young people who tried The Game in recent days were able to cross the border and are healthy and safe in different European countries. In contrast, we heard from three people who were unable to do so and suffered pushbacks to Bosnia by the Croatian police.
    Seven weeks after the arrival of the virus, the number of infected people is growing by about 400 cases daily average, much higher than registered during March. Serbia has become the country with the most cases on the entire Balkan route, second only to Romania in the region.”

    https://medium.com/are-you-syrious/ays-daily-digest-22-04-20-300-people-protest-in-moria-for-safety-against-cov

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Grèce #Serbie #Camp #Lesbos #Moria #Protestation

  • INFOPARK Weekly 22 – 28 April 2020

    Weekly Flashback
    Serbia
    ➢ The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Serbia stands at 8.497; Deaths: 168;Tested: 73.363. There are no coronavirus cases among refugees and other migrants.
    ➢ According to the latest information, as many as 8,835 migrants and asylum seekers are accommodated in official centers. Many of 20 reception and asylum centers remain overcrowded. At least 600 unaccompanied children are also temporarily accommodated in ACs/RCs, most of them in what is universally considered as an unsafe environment surrounded by adults.
    ➢ Majority of refugees and other migrants accommodated in Serbia’s camps started observation of the holy month of Ramadan. Despite strong concerns about consequences of declared state of emergency for migrants, including locked down camps, this week was calmer than previous ones, with a few minor incidents. The SCRM has stepped up to meet the special needs of Ramadan observers and effort was made to improve existing or provide missing services – such as private money transfers (Western Union, Moneygram) for Krnjača AC beneficiaries. In several
    camps, migrants continued joint activities such as trees and flowers planting. Still, the camps remained surrounded by strong and heavily armed Serbian military units, such as the 72nd Special Operation Brigade in Obrenovac and Krnjača.
    ➢ Due to emergence of smaller groups of migrants in the area, police presence increased again in the Savamala neighborhood last week, especially in Luke Celovica
    Park. Groups of 2-3 police officers regularly patrolled the park, while police vehicles circled the area every hour or so, also bringing intercepted migrants to Miksalište
    OSP.
    ➢ The A11 Initiative issued a press statement arguing against the unlawful detention of refugees, asylum seekers and all migrants who are selectively detained. Additionally,
    they also published an analysis of the legislative framework that explains the restrictions from the right to freedom and security of refugees and other migrants
    residing in the government run centers that are not yet capable of fulfilling the universal recommendations on social distancing and quarantine requirements. In the
    meantime, according to Reuters, a German court has ruled that an asylum-seeker should be allowed to leave the accommodation center where he was staying after he
    argued it was too crowded to respect coronavirus distancing rules.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    ➢ Currently there are more than 6,200 refugees and other migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina officially, accommodated in six centers/camps. As many as 1,500
    migrants are estimated to be still outside the camps and official centers. So far, only two migrants were tested for corona virus, with negative results. Like in Serbia,
    people who are in the camps are not allowed to go outside. Last week, Minister of Security in B&H Fahrudin Radoncic told the Federal Television that the migrants
    present a threat to the Bosnian society and as such should be deported. On a positive note, Miral camp in Velika Kladusa set up a big tent as a dignified praying space for
    Ramadan.

    Greece
    ➢ On Sunday evening and Monday morning two separate fires destroyed tents and container homes in the Samos camp which resulted in 200 people being left homeless,
    according to Aljazeera. The fire broke out just outside the main camp in an area with shacks housing migrants as well as medical and support facilities.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Serbie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Grèce #Camp

  • Réfugiés en #Serbie : isolement total dans les #centres_d’accueil

    Ils sont 9000 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile, enfermés depuis le 15 mars dans les centres d’accueil en Serbie, placés sous la garde de l’armée, au nom des mesures de confinement destinés à lutter contre le Covid-19. Les ONG évoquent une situation humanitaire catastrophique et dénoncent des mesures anticonstitutionnelles et discriminatoires.

    « Personne ne peut dire que les conditions de vie sont bonnes », déplore Nanayao, originaire du Ghana, enfermé dans le Centre d’accueil de demandeurs d’asile de #Krnjača, près de Belgrade, depuis le 15 mars et la proclamation de l’état d’urgence en Serbie. « Pour notre sécurité, je ne vois rien de mal dans les mesures prises visant à empêcher que nos familles et nous-mêmes entrions en contact avec ce virus dangereux, mais ici, on n’est pas bien. Jusqu’à présent on pouvait sortir et rentrer à notre guise. À présent, c’est interdit. »

    En isolement total dans des centres aux quatre coins de la Serbie, près de 9000 réfugiés, migrants et demandeurs d’asile peuvent uniquement se promener dans leurs enceintes. Depuis le 15 mars, les centres sont même surveillés par l’armée. Tous les migrants et réfugiés qui dormaient dehors ont été transférés dans des camps par l’armée et la police. Selon le Commissariat pour les réfugiés, les centres d’accueil, prévus pour héberger 6000 personnes au total, en accueillent aujourd’hui 8839.

    « Faute de place, on a installé des chapiteaux et des tentes avec un accès à l’eau potable et des toilettes », précise un porte-parole du Commissariat pour les réfugiés. « Les migrants ont droit à trois repas chauds par jour. Deux centres temporaires ont été ouverts à #Morović, près de la frontière avec la Croatie, et à #Miratovac, dans le sud du pays, tandis que le centre d’accueil de #Divljana, au sud-est du pays, est à nouveau opérationnel. »

    Camps surpeuplés, régime semi-carcéral

    Tout en reconnaissant que les mesures strictes « se sont avérées efficaces puisqu’aucun cas de contagion du coronavirus n’a été constaté parmi les migrants », les ONG soulignent que certains camps sont surpeuplés et que la situation est en train de se dégrader. En témoignent deux récentes tentatives d’évasion à #Adaševci, le camp établi dans une ancienne station-service de l’autoroute, près de la frontière serbo-croate, et à Krnjača, au cours desquelles l’armée serbe a tiré en l’air « pour calmer la situation », selon le ministre de la Défense Aleksandar Vulin. « Un scandale humanitaire absolu », dénonce Gordan Paunović, de l’ONG Info Park.

    Le 15 mars, toutes les activités des ONG ont été suspendues, sauf celles qui luttent directement pour la prévention et contre la propagation de la maladie. « Nous continuons à fournir du conseil légal par téléphone sur la procédure de demande d’asile, ainsi qu’une assistance psychosociale, qui est très importante en ce moment », explique Mirjana Milenkovski, chargée des relations publiques du Bureau du Haut-Commissariat des Nations-unies pour les réfugiés (UNHCR) à Belgrade.

    « De nombreux demandeurs d’asile qui travaillaient pour des ONG ont été licenciés, tandis que les enfants ne peuvent pas suivre les cours à distance ’organisés par les écoles serbes », note l’UNHCR. « Comme en Grèce et dans d’autres pays, l’UNHCR est prêt à soutenir la Serbie pour trouver un logement alternatif et mieux sécurisé pour les demandeurs d’asile, les enfants non-accompagnés et ceux séparés de leurs parents sur la route. »

    « Toutes les organisations s’efforcent de maintenir leurs activités et d’identifier des méthodes alternatives, mais rien ne peut remplacer le contact physique avec la personne qui a besoin d’un tel soutien », insiste pourtant Gordan Paunović. « Des dizaines de gens nous sollicitent pour recevoir de l’aide par téléphone. Toutes les conversations se terminent par la même question : quand est-ce que tout ça va finir ? Ces gens sont pratiquement emprisonnés. »

    Des mesures anticonstitutionnelles ?

    L’ONG Initiative A11 a lancé une initiative d’examen de la constitutionnalité de l’article 3 du décret prescrivant les mesures d’#état_d’urgence qui a imposé l’isolement total dans les centres. L’organisation envisage aussi de déposer une #plainte contre le gouvernement serbe. « Au-delà de la décision inconstitutionnelle et illégale de priver tous les citoyens de cette #liberté, le problème réside aussi dans les critères discriminatoires sur lesquels elle est fondée, ces personnes ayant été défavorisées uniquement en raison de leur statut », s’indigne Danilo Ćurčić de l’Initiative A11. « On n’explique pas pourquoi ils sont enfermés dans des centres surpeuplés où l’on ne peut pas surveiller l’application des mesures contre la propagation de la contagion et d’autres mesures sanitaires. »

    L’Union européenne a annoncé qu’elle fournirait des couvertures, des matelas et des tentes. L’UNHCR s’attache à son tour à aider. « Jusqu’à présent, les Nations-unies et l’UNHCR ont surtout fourni des produits d’hygiène », affirme Mirjana Milenkovski. « Nous travaillons tous pour améliorer la connexion Wi-Fi. Il n’a effectivement jamais été si important qu’ils aient accès à Internet pour pouvoir rester informés. De petits magasins ont aussi ouvert dans certains centres. Cela ne peut certainement pas remplacer la liberté de circulation, les sorties et les promenades, mais on essaie de leur faciliter le quotidien le plus possible. »

    Alors que le gouvernement serbe commence à assouplir les mesures de confinement, les réfugiés et les migrants restent en isolement total. Le Commissariat pour les réfugiés assure que des mesures de #déconfinement des camps sont actuellement à l’examen et qu’« elles seront adoptées à temps, en tenant compte la sécurité des migrants et des citoyens de Serbie ».

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Refugies-en-serbie-isolement-total-dans-les-centres-d-accueil
    #isolement #covid-19 #coronavirus #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Krnjaca #Morovic #Adasevc #surpopulation #discrimination #liberté_de_mouvement

    ping @luciebacon

  • Les #Roms souffrent du « #racisme_environnemental » de l’UE, conclut le rapport | Nouvelles du monde

    Un rapport conclut que les communautés roms d’#Europe vivent souvent sur des terrains vagues pollués et manquent d’#eau_courante ou d’#assainissement à cause du « racisme environnemental ».

    Le #Bureau_européen_de_l'environnement (#EEB), un réseau paneuropéen d’ONG vertes, a constaté que les communautés roms étaient souvent exclues des #services_de_base, tels que l’#eau_potable courante, l’assainissement et la collecte des #ordures, tout en vivant fréquemment sur ou à proximité de certains des sites les plus sales de Europe, comme les #décharges ou les #terrains_industriels contaminés.

    Jusqu’à 10 millions de Roms vivent en Europe, dont 6 millions dans les États membres de l’UE. Bien que leur exclusion sociale soit documentée depuis longtemps, les chercheurs du BEE disent que le déni des services de base et l’exposition à la pollution ont été négligés.

    L’EEB, en collaboration avec des chercheurs d’Europe centrale et orientale, a trouvé 32 cas de « racisme environnemental » dans cinq pays européens : #Hongrie, #Bulgarie, #Roumanie, #Slovaquie et #Macédoine_du_Nord. Les chercheurs se sont également appuyés sur les travaux existants sur les conditions de vie des Roms en #Bosnie-Herzégovine, en #Serbie, au #Monténégro et au #Kosovo.

    L’absence d’eau, d’assainissement et de collecte des ordures a été un problème dans plus de la moitié des études de cas, comme #Stolipinovo en Bulgarie, la plus grande colonie rom d’Europe et une partie de la ville de #Plovdiv. On estime qu’environ 60000 personnes vivent dans le quartier, mais beaucoup sont coupées des services d’eau courante et d’assainissement du reste de Plovdiv, capitale européenne de la culture en 2019.

    En Hongrie, l’accès à l’approvisionnement public en eau de certaines communautés roms a été fermé pendant les vagues de chaleur estivales – des décisions ont touché 800 personnes à #Gulács en août 2017 et 1 500 habitants de #Huszártelep en 2013. La ville du nord de la Hongrie d’#Ózd a reçu près de 5,5 millions d’euros (£ 4,8 m) de la Suisse pour améliorer l’approvisionnement en eau courante des communautés roms, mais les chercheurs ont déclaré que beaucoup n’avaient pas bénéficié du programme. Les autorités ont affirmé que les ménages roms n’avaient pas payé leurs factures.

    Des recherches antérieures ont conclu que seulement environ 12% des communautés roms avaient des toilettes à chasse d’eau et des systèmes de drainage fonctionnels.

    Pata-Rât, à la périphérie de Cluj-Napoca, dans le nord-ouest de la Roumanie, est connue pour son architecture gothique et ses palais baroques.

    https://www.villagefse2016.fr/les-roms-souffrent-du-racisme-environnemental-de-lue-conclut-le-rappo

    #exclusion #eau_potable #accès_à_l'eau

    ping @albertocampiphoto