The U.S. is no stranger to interfering in the elections of other countries
The U.S. has a long history of attempting to influence presidential elections in other countries – it’s done so as many as 81 times between 1946 and 2000, according to a database amassed by political scientist Dov Levin of Carnegie Mellon University.
That number doesn’t include military coups and regime change efforts following the election of candidates the U.S. didn’t like, notably those in Iran, Guatemala and Chile. Nor does it include general assistance with the electoral process, such as election monitoring.
Levin defines intervention as “a costly act which is designed to determine the election results [in favor of] one of the two sides.”
These acts, carried out in secret two-thirds of the time, include funding the election campaigns of specific parties, disseminating misinformation or propaganda, training locals of only one side in various campaigning or get-out-the-vote techniques, helping one side design their campaign materials, making public pronouncements or threats in favor of or against a candidate, and providing or withdrawing foreign aid.
Why can 12-year-olds still get married in the United States?
In this way, U.S. lawmakers are strongly at odds with U.S. foreign policy. The U.S. Global Strategy to Empower Adolescent Girls, released last year by the State Department, lists reducing child, early and forced marriage as a key goal. The strategy includes harsh words about marriage before 18, declaring it a “human rights abuse” that “produces devastating repercussions for a girl’s life, effectively ending her childhood” by forcing her “into adulthood and motherhood before she is physically and mentally mature.”
Alan Stevenson, un ancien analyste de l’armée, a ainsi confié devant les membres du Congrès que lorsqu’il travaillait dans la base de Quảng Trị au Nord du Vietnam, en 1969, il était chargé de lister les hôpitaux qui devaient être pris pour cibles par les Américains. « Et plus l’hôpital était important, mieux c’était. »
Ambros only served half of his prison sentence. After his release in 1951, he was whisked to the West to advise the U.S. Army on its own chemical weapons program — including Sarin.
Et encore en-deçà de la vérité puisque la violation des droits humains n’est pas seulement tolérée par les Etats-Unis comme reconnu dans ce mémo, mais encouragée quand le règne de leurs alliés dictateurs est menacé.
Medical Ethics Lapses Cited in Interrogations - NYTimes.com
Article de 2010
En français :
Quand les médecins de la CIA perfectionnaient les tortures
Les médecins américains qui ont assisté aux interrogatoires de la CIA après le 11-Septembre ont contribué à affiner les méthodes de torture, une pratique qui s’apparente à de l’"expérimentation humaine", selon une ONG. Ces praticiens ont ensuite pu émettre des recommandations pour améliorer ces techniques « d’interrogatoire ».
The CIA Drug Connection Is as Old as the Agency - NYTimes.com
Article de 1993
Allégations d’implication de la CIA dans le trafic de drogue — Wikipédia
Le marché de l’immobilier haut de gamme est devenu de moins en moins transparent - et plus attrayant pour ceux qui à l’étranger possèdent des actifs qu’ils souhaitent garder secrets - alors même que les Etats-Unis poussent les autres nations à les aider à empêcher l’argent américain de sortir du pays pour éviter les impôts.
Toutes les armes trouvées auraient été fabriquées avant 1991 : rien à voir, donc, avec le matériel de destruction massive que l’administration Bush soupçonnait le régime de Saddam Hussein de produire. Selon le New York Times, les armes découvertes seraient des reliquats d’un programme lancé par l’Irak durant sa guerre contre l’Iran dans les années 1980.
[...] le mutisme des Etats-Unis pourrait aussi s’expliquer par leur implication dans la fabrication de ces armes.
5 / Les pays occidentaux impliqués dans la fabrication des armes
Selon le New York Times, le soutien de plusieurs pays occidentaux à l’Irak pendant la première guerre du Golfe lui a permis de développer rapidement un programme d’armement contenant ces armes chimiques . Le journal évoque le rôle d’entreprises allemandes dans la construction d’usines irakiennes ayant servi à fabriquer des ingrédients chimiques. Saddam Hussein aurait aussi acheté à des entreprises européennes et américaines des munitions pour disperser les agents toxiques fabriqués sur son sol.
In the early years of the U.S. occupation, the Pentagon and CIA cultivated influential Afghan tribal leaders who were not part of the Quetta Alliance, even if they were deeply involved in drug trafficking, in order to turn them against the Taliban. That willingness to overlook drug trafficking was assisted by their belief that the drugs were going almost entirely to Asia and Europe.
U.S. War Footprint Grows in Middle East, With No Endgame in Sight - The New York Times
Les victimes civiles des tirs russes ne sont plus comptabilisées par les Etasuniens de peur qu’elles se révèlent moindre que celles dues aux tirs Etasuniens.
The rise in reports of civilian deaths linked to the United States and its allies has been so significant that Airwars, a group that tracks airstrikes, said last week that it was suspending its investigations into Russian airstrikes to avoid falling behind on those by the United States.
#CIA Confirms Role in 1953 #Iran Coup
Washington, D.C., August 19, 2013 – Marking the sixtieth anniversary of the overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, the National Security Archive is today posting recently declassified CIA documents on the United States’ role in the controversial operation. American and British involvement in Mosaddeq’s ouster has long been public knowledge, but today’s posting includes what is believed to be the CIA’s first formal acknowledgement that the agency helped to plan and execute the coup.
A BBC investigation estimates that around $23bn (£11.75bn) may have been lost, stolen or just not properly accounted for in Iraq.
The BBC’s Panorama programme has used US and Iraqi government sources to research how much some private contractors have profited from the conflict and rebuilding.
A US gagging order is preventing discussion of the allegations.
The order applies to 70 court cases against some of the top US companies.
Vol des avoirs irakiens (bis)
In the annals of American diplomacy, corruption has long had an equivocal status: deplored in public but in practice often regarded as a tolerable, even useful vice. The United States has a long history of supporting kleptocrats who were on the “right side” of one geopolitical rivalry or another.
FinCEN Files Show Criminals Moved Billions As Banks Watched
..."the largest money laundering operations occur with the cooperation of the financial institutions , or at least some officers within those institutions. The lack of money laundering enforcement had nothing to do with a lack of evidence of suspicious transactions, but a lack of interest by political and law enforcement leadership.’’
“Under US law, a bank that engages in money laundering can literally be forced out of business by the government, and it is kind of surprising that government hasn’t taken that step, given the obvious deterrent effect it would have.”
Mazur, the former federal special agent and money laundering expert, says there are a “mosaic” of reasons why US authorities let the money keep running, but one of them may just be that it finds its way into too many pockets.
“Even if it’s bad wealth, it buys buildings,” he said. “It puts money into bank accounts. It enriches the nation.” ●
... as has been well documented, the world’s kleptocratic regimes depend heavily on money laundering networks that commonly extend into Western centers of global #finance like New York and London, aided by lax incorporation rules in places like Delaware .
Pentagon Turns to #Silicon_Valley for Edge in Artificial Intelligence
On Wednesday, Secretary of Defense Ashton B. Carter made his fourth trip to the tech industry’s heartland since being named to his post last year. Before that, it had been 20 years since a defense secretary had visited the area, he noted in a speech at a Defense Department research facility near Google’s headquarters.
The Pentagon is building a ‘self-aware’ killer robot army fueled by social media — INSURGE intelligence — Medium
Official US defence and NATO documents confirm that autonomous weapon systems will kill targets, including civilians, based on tweets, blogs and Instagram
un point de vue post-humain et très pro-américain mais défendant l’interdiction des #robots_tueurs (pas compris la logique)
Une fuite révèle des secrets sur les assassinats par les drones d’Obama - rts.ch - Repérages web
The Intercept a publié une série de documents classifiés sur les attaques de drones américains, où l’on apprend que les victimes « collatérales » peuvent représenter jusqu’à 90% des tués.
Une fuite de documents militaires secrets éclaire le fonctionnement du programme de drones des Etats-Unis.
Parmi les découvertes publiées par The Intercept jeudi, un document datant de 2013 indique que les frappes et cibles des drones reposent souvent sur un travail de renseignement considéré comme faible, les exécutions empêchant par ailleurs de recueillir de meilleures informations.
Des victimes cependant enregistrées comme « ennemis tués au combat ».
The Intercept has obtained a cache of secret documents detailing the inner workings of the U.S. military’s assassination program in Afghanistan, Yemen, and Somalia. The documents, provided by a whistleblower, offer an unprecedented glimpse into Obama’s drone wars.
US Congress must launch urgent inquiry into Obama’s drone use
“These revelations are further damning evidence that the Obama administration is continuing the Bush-era project of treating the world as a global battlefield while evading public accountability.”
Obama’s #Drone Program Probably Would Have Killed Ahmed the Clock Kid
Yesterday Barack Obama joined the groundswell of social media support for Ahmed Mohamed, the 14-year-old high school student detained by the police for being seen with an electronic device and being a Muslim named Ahmed Mohamed. Good for Obama. And good for #Ahmed that he wasn’t building a clock in Yemen.
“Terrorist behavior – in practice, a gathering of men, teenaged to middle-aged, traveling in convoys or carrying weapons. In 2012, an unnamed senior official memorably quipped that the CIA considers “three guys doing jumping jacks” a signature of terrorist training”
Two Afghan Boys Accidentally Killed by NATO Helicopter - NYTimes.com
General Dunford said that coalition forces had opened fire on what they thought were insurgent forces, and killed the boys by accident.
The Drone War Doctrine We Still Know Nothing About - ProPublica
What qualifies as a “signature” that would prompt a deadly strike?
In Pakistan, a signature might include:
Convoys of vehicles that bear the characteristics of Qaeda or Taliban leaders on the run. – Senior American and Pakistani officials, New York Times, February 2008.
“Terrorist training camps.” – U.S. Diplomatic Cable released by Wikileaks, October 2009.
Gatherings of militant groups or training complexes. – Current and former officials, Los Angeles Times, January 2010.
Bomb-making or fighters training for possible operations in Afghanistan…. a compound where unknown individuals were seen assembling a car bomb. – Officials, Los Angeles Times, May 2010.
Travel in or out of a known al-Qaeda compound or possession of explosives. – U.S. officials, Washington Post, February 2011.
Operating a training camp… consorting with known militants. – High-level American official, The New Yorker, September 2011.
A group of guys…
Large groups of armed men. – Senior U.S. intelligence official, Associated Press, March 2012.
Groups of armed militants traveling by truck toward the war in Afghanistan. – Administration officials, Washington Post, April 2012.
The joke was that when the C.I.A. sees “three guys doing jumping jacks,” the agency thinks it is a terrorist training camp. – Senior official, May 2012.
“The definition is a male between the ages of 20 and 40.” – Former Ambassador to Pakistan Cameron Munter, Daily Beast, November 2012.
“Armed men who we see getting into pickup trucks and heading towards the Afghanistan border or who are in a training exercise.” – Former Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair, Council on Foreign Relations, January 2013.
Officials have characterized the intelligence that goes into these strikes as thorough, based on “days” of drone surveillance and other sources — and said that apparently low-level people may still be key to an organization’s functioning. In 2010, an official told the Los Angeles Times that the CIA makes sure “these are people whose actions over time have made it obvious that they are a threat."
In Yemen, signature strikes are reportedly bound by stricter rules. Officials have often cited the necessity of a plot against Americans:
Clear indication of the presence of an al-Qaeda leader or of plotting against targets in the United States or Americans overseas. — Administration officials, Washington Post, April 2012.
“Individuals who are personally involved in trying to kill Americans… or intelligence that…[for example] a truck has been configured in order to go after our embassy in Sanaa.” — Senior administration official, Washington Post, January 2013
These strikes are not supposed to target “lower-level foot soldiers battling the Yemeni government,” U.S. officials told the Wall Street Journal. A White House spokesman said last summer that the U.S. “[has] not and will not get involved in a broader counterinsurgency effort” in Yemen.
But experts say some strikes in Yemen do appear to have been aimed at local militants. In Pakistan, in addition to low-level militants who might be involved in the war in Afghanistan, the U.S. has sometimes hit those who posed a threat to the Pakistani government.
As we detailed, signature strikes have also been criticized by human rights groups and some legal observers because of the lack of transparency surrounding them, including on the number of civilians killed.