• Facebook’s Project Aria Is Google Maps — For Your Entire Life

    A new augmented reality headset will create a map of everything you see Google Street View emerged from a seemingly insane vision : Put cameras on cars, and drive them around the entire world to capture every street on the planet. Over time, that data became more and more valuable. The footage from those cars automatically updates Google Maps with new business signs and changes street names. Data from the car’s trip can be used to correct satellite imagery. Now, Facebook has an even (...)

    #Google #Facebook #GoogleMaps #GoogleStreetView #capteur #lunettes #cartographie #vidéo-surveillance (...)


  • How San Francisco police surveillance closed in on Black Lives Matter protests

    Activists and privacy advocates say police use of indiscriminate monitoring erodes fundamental freedoms When Marquise Rosier joined hundreds of Black Lives Matter protesters on May 31 in downtown San Francisco, he knew that the police would have their eyes on him. “My thought process going in was ‘Yeah, I know for sure they’re watching,” said the 25-year-old software engineer. Still, he felt compelled to take the risk and attend the demonstration. “I’d rather fight to feel human than live (...)

    #CCTV #activisme #police #vidéo-surveillance #BlackLivesMatter #surveillance #ACLU #EFF

  • Maintien de l’ordre : journalistes et observateurs pourront être interpellés en couvrant des manifs

    Le nouveau « schéma national du maintien de l’ordre » souligne que les ordres de dispersions de manifestations ne connaissent nulle exception, au risque d’empêcher la presse et les ONG de témoigner d’éventuelles violences. « L’exercice de la liberté d’expression et de communication, dont découle le droit d’expression collective des idées et des opinions, est une condition première de la démocratie et l’une des garanties du respect des autres droits et libertés. L’Etat a la responsabilité de garantir cet (...)

    #activisme #journalisme #surveillance

  • Algorithmic Governmentality and the Death of Politics

    In recent years, the likes of the Cambridge Analytica scandal together with regulatory steps such as the EU’s GDPR data law have contributed to a swell in public awareness on the potential risks of big data and artificial intelligence. Privacy, however, is only the tip of the iceberg. We sat down with legal philosopher Antoinette Rouvroy to discuss her work on algorithmic governmentality and the profound transformation the neoliberal-driven tech revolution is catalysing in society and (...)

    #CambridgeAnalytica/Emerdata #algorithme #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #prédiction #BigData #GAFAM #profiling (...)

    ##CambridgeAnalytica/Emerdata ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##surveillance

  • European Police Malware Could Harvest GPS, Messages, Passwords, More

    A document obtained by Motherboard provides more detail on the malware law enforcement deployed against Encrochat devices. The malware that French law enforcement deployed en masse onto Encrochat devices, a large encrypted phone network using Android phones, had the capability to harvest “all data stored within the device,” and was expected to include chat messages, geolocation data, usernames, passwords, and more, according to a document obtained by Motherboard. The document adds more (...)

    #EncroChat #Android #smartphone #WiFi #spyware #GPS #géolocalisation #criminalité #hacking (...)

    ##criminalité ##surveillance

  • Ce malware utilisé par les gendarmes peut siphonner toutes les données d’un smartphone

    Pour infiltrer EncroChat, la messagerie chiffrée des criminels, les gendarmes ont utilisé un code malveillant particulièrement sophistiqué dont certains détails viennent de fuiter. On en sait davantage sur le malware que la Gendarmerie nationale a déployé sur les terminaux des utilisateurs d’EncroChat, cette messagerie sécurisée pour criminels qui a été démantelée en juillet dernier. Selon un document récupéré par Motherboard, ce code malveillant est capable de siphonner « toutes les données stockées sur (...)

    #EncroChat #smartphone #spyware #WiFi #GPS #criminalité #écoutes #hacking #surveillance


  • Digital Contact Tracing is The New “Smart” Frontier of Urban Surveillance

    As one of the most widely touted solutions for the coronavirus era, digital contact tracing has prompted intense praise and pushback alike, leading critics to warn of an impending “surveillance state”. But this surveillance state is already here.

    The ongoing pandemic, coupled with economic chaos and a conflagration of demonstrations, has produced a condition in which everything seems to be going impossibly fast while standing perfectly still. Yes, the pandemic is still on, a fact that seems to be rapidly becoming a cudgel, even as police forces across the United States attempt to break the back of protests in cities across the country. Any hope of a concerted governmental response to coronavirus in the United States has exploded, even as the number of confirmed cases surges well past the two million mark. For some, however, there are glimmers of promise in a technological fix succeeding where medical and public health approaches have thus far failed. These fixes fall into three general categories — digital contact tracing, symptom tracking apps and immunity certification. Of these three, digital contact tracing has been the most widely touted as a silver-bullet palliative impeded only by the success of getting people in so-called “free countries” to live with it.

    Detractors of digital contact tracing slot it neatly into a familiar narrative which treats surveillance technology as a titanic force, locked in eternal battle with individual “liberty”. The ceaseless focus on the personal as the unit of surveillance cleverly shifts the rhetorical focus away from collective considerations. Spaces, and the masses which pass through them, are the subject of surveillance, and both are animated and given form by remaking the city, through the addition of sensorial capacities, into a data extraction machine. Surveillance is not interested in uncovering personal secrets, but in the ability to track movements in space en masse — like soldiers and enemy combatants in a theater of war — and then to turn that collective activity into decipherable patterns.

    Contact tracing (the non-digital version) has been the undisputed de-facto response to infectious disease outbreaks for years. It is the manual process of tracking and reducing possible cases of a disease by pairing tracers with infected individuals to build timelines of transmission and preemptively isolate those that may have come into contact with the infected. Contact tracing is a process, not a cure — and an extremely laborious one at that — but it has been proven effective in disparate locations and dealing with a variety of diseases. Contact tracing lives and dies by the number of tracers that can be brought to the field. Public health policy experts have recommended that the US have 300,000 contact tracers working full time, yet as of April 28th, it was estimated that under 8,000 tracers are currently working in the US.

    That’s where digital contact tracing comes in: it offers the illusion of a competent response to the pandemic, while simultaneously solving this labor problem by automating the entire discipline. Where originally building a model of transmission was the object, digital contact tracing instead obsesses over predicting the already infected to an acceptable degree of accuracy. If analog contact tracing is focused on the activity of community relationships, the digital version views space as a pure, empty topological field where networks are ignored in favor of adjacency, and individuals are reduced to geotagged points of data. Once rendered down in this way, data can then be sieved through algorithms to guess one’s infection status, with the hope of arresting transmission at its source. Automation only succeeds by mutating the original task of contact tracing beyond recognition.

    There are several proposals in play right now. Google and Apple are working on a “decentralized” system using Bluetooth signals from a user’s phone, with plans to eventually embed this functionality into their respective operating systems, used by three billion people globally. At the same time, the US Department of Health and Human Services has contracted with data analytics behemoth Palantir Technologies for a “centralized” contact tracing system using the company’s Gotham and Foundry data suites, organized under the umbrella of a program called “HHS Protect Now”. The Protect Now platform is designed to collate 187 datasets such as hospital capacities, geographic outbreak data, supply chain stress, and demographic info datasets into geospatial predictive models with the express goal of determining “when and where to re-open the economy”. Other notable, but tertiary, approaches include landing.ai’s AI tool to monitor social distancing in the workplace or the infrared camera system in place at Amazon warehouses, Whole Foods stores, and some factories owned by Tyson Chicken and Intel, both of which represent technologies which may easily be deployed at scale in public spaces.

    Google, Apple, Palantir, and the constellation of smaller tech companies poised to rake in enormous profits off pandemic platforms are not just in the right place at the right time to “offer their services”. Healthcare is an intensely lucrative line of work, and the tantalizing mirage of skyrocketing profit draws startups and giants alike, unconcerned with an admitted lack of healthcare knowledge. Both Google and Apple have been scratching at the door of healthcare for years, hoping to carve out a piece of what in 2018 in the US was a $3.6 trillion market. Palantir expects to hit $1 billion in revenue this year, built largely off the back of government contracts such as those it has with the HHS. Claims that this close working relationship constitutes an unprecedented merger of “Big Tech” and governmental bodies are inaccurate. To these corporations, coronavirus offers a perfect opportunity to establish a beachhead in public health — not in order to clear red tape or lend a helping hand, but to swallow up an untapped market. That they are not offering anything in the way of actual healthcare services (precisely as the miserable state of US healthcare continues to crater) is irrelevant. Digital contact tracing is not a health service, and does not replace or make efficient any existing public systems. It is merely another opportunity to realize profits. Corporations have no other impetus.

    Though a few dissenting voices do exist, the prevailing tone among even critical accounts amounts to a sort of slack-jawed wonder at the possibility of demiurgic powers creating a new, pandemic-oriented technological apparatus “overnight”. Proponents accompany this awe with admonitions that we all do our part and heroically donate our data to the collective cause. Criticism, where it appears, often appeals to “liberty” and fears that individual privacy will suffer too much under the massive contact tracing regime to come. But it is not, as the LA Times puts it, a question of “lay[ing] the foundation for a potentially massive digital contact-tracing infrastructure.” That infrastructure is already here, and has been for decades.

    Senator Ed Markey, who recently demanded transparency from facial recognition company Clearview AI to disclose partners who bought their software in response to coronavirus, sounded the noble-sounding warning that “we can’t let the need for COVID contact tracing be used as cover … to build shadowy surveillance networks.” But this is absurd. Clearview is not selling the promise of a future network to its clients — it is pushing a fully operational system, one which most recently has been deployed in Minneapolis to identify protesters. Speculation that digital contact tracing will spawn unprecedented surveillance practices a studied ignorance of the fact that these systems are already everywhere (and constitute a $45.5 billion market), the product of an decades-long and often hidden program of technological accumulation which we are at last beginning to see in their full and terrifying majesty. Many of these digital contact tracing infrastructures were originally developed for applications of counterterrorism, law enforcement, or corporate security, to name a few. These same systems are now being also sold as tools to detect isolated individuals and predict outbreaks, accompanied by a rebranding and the abandonment of military aestheticization and purpose for the adoption of a more compassionate posture. We are meant to understand that surveillance is no longer the god-cop but the god-doctor, when in reality it wears whatever mask necessary in order to expand its remit and collapse discrete theaters of operations into a single, vast datascape.

    There’s a tendency to treat these systems as if they’re as “ephemeral” as the data they generate, only occasionally given form in conspicuous cameras, “benign” Ring doorbells, or facilities like NSA’s TITANPOINTE ops center in Manhattan. The reality is that urban space in general is riven with sensorial capacities. Cities across the United States, large and small, already employ an arsenal of systems which fall under the umbrella of “urban analytics”. Marshalling users’ phones, a network of sensing products, or both, urban analytics services offer “smartness” in marketing materials, which usually translates into an increased capacity for enforcement on the ground. There are no shortage of “Video Surveillance as a Service” (VSaaS) options available for the forward-thinking city official, running the gamut from products which overhaul existing camera grids — as in Arxys Appliances’ “City-Wide Video Surveillance” system for McAllen, Texas — to new age “smart” systems like Numina’s test cases in Las Vegas’ “Innovation District“and the Brooklyn Greenway. The most public-facing and savvy of these systems adopt design principles intended to present as approachable apps, while others lie in technocratic, specialist repose, offering no-nonsense datasheets of raw info. Regardless, the intent is punitive first, and everything else a distant second. These systems studiously attempt to pass themselves off as apolitical, draping themselves in wonkish and forgettably pleasant rhetoric about “solutions”.

    What surveillance has always offered is the quality of feeling safe — “security theater” as a way of life — and coronavirus simply offers yet another valence of safety achieved through the addition of technology. This is the dream of “smart cities” realized: finally, sufficient technological investment is remade into a method by which to impose an impenetrable system of rational control onto the chaotic reality of everyday life without anyone noticing. Or, put another way, at the core of the smart city dream is the realization by those in power that urban warfare is easier to win not only by rushing the field with military hardware and legions of cop-soldiers, but also by preemptively modifying urban space itself so at all times it is a readymade battlefield, a universe of precision. It is not hard to see, nestled within overt presentations of luxury-predictive algorithms, that in the event of a crisis or emergency, that same ability to track, quantify, and adapt can quickly become the tip of the spear of military power. Every facet of life has been made quantifiable in order to make this all possible. The effect is not a “digital panopticon” (yawn), but something more akin to the Jesuit redução communities of colonial Portugal, in which streets were built elevated in order to allow the colonizers to look in through the windows of private residences. Fundamental is the extension and diffusion of power, until it becomes easy to ignore because it’s just the “way things are”. But as dull and avoidable as it is, the violence it wields is effortless and capricious; targeted individuals and malign behaviors can be identified and dealt with with callous ease. The effect is, in many ways, a permanent occupation — by a force with not only overwhelming firepower, but which selects the terms and environment of engagement.

    This is by no means a new development, as breathless commentators on the age of “surveillance capitalism” repeatedly attest. The first factories were spaces under surveillance, as were colonial holdings, and the tactic was absolutely essential in maintaining slavery at every stage, from ship’s hold to plantation. Dilating on surveillance in its present form presents it as a temporary aberration which has thrown us off the historical path to freedom, when in reality, it is a well-practiced tactic that has simply reached a new stage of development.

    The metabolism of surveillance historically similar to that of war: in the interest of protecting property, innovation is achieved through the use of technical artifice to turn money into as much firepower as possible. The timescale for innovation is historical; as Amazon’s one-year moratorium on facial recognition technology attests, it can afford to wait, knowing the game is rigged in favor of its passive accumulation of force. Peace of mind has always been a commodity, whether you’re hiring Pinkertons or installing biometric sensors at the door to your apartment complex. Spatial surveillance perfectly unites technological development with authority, locking the two into a complementary union.

    Look to security company Cellebrite, which is plugging its hacking software, usually used by police to gain access to locked iPhones and extract location data, as a method of limiting the movement of coronavirus infected individuals; the Israeli counterterrorism unit Shin Bet has turned its data registries over to tracking coronavirus cases; and the same data suites Palantir has sold to the HHS are (famously) also in use by Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Likewise, landing.ai and Amazon’s infrared cameras are secondarily technologies to enforce social distancing and primarily workplace surveillance suites, but are being developed with an eye on integration in public space, as landing.ai’s recent demo shows. Critiques warning that digital contact tracing threatens to “turn the US into a surveillance state” are saying far too little, far too late. Nearly every state is already a surveillance state — coronavirus merely adds a mandate and a smattering of new terminology. Even the phrase “contact tracing”, a newcomer in the public lexicon, has already seen itself pressed into service as a method of identifying and tracking protesters, used by none other than the DEA.

    So what of all of us, trapped in this diabolical, all-seeing machine? Even now, as the pandemic exploits the weaknesses of states and institutions, and before new political structures (designed to help some live with a coronavirus which never ends) coalesce fully around existing technological ones, hope in “restarting” has slowly resigned itself to an incremental approach or else none at all. Surveillance — or, to be more abstract, technology in general — has, in the messianic way traditional of Silicon Valley, been offered as a readymade fix to a problem. In actuality, all that has been achieved is the spectacle of disease control. Focusing on contact tracing sidesteps the brutal fact that confirmed infection is not the end, but the beginning of a torturous journey through a failing healthcare system — and even the possibility of testing is a privilege which can be wrested away. At the end of the day, technological contrivances are proposed in order to put a bandaid on a bullet wound. But technological artifacts never cured anyone on their own, and the crusade of smart city logic into the public health sphere is at best a pharmakon: a disastrous cure.

    Digital contact tracing will not change the fact that the road to the “post-corona” promised land will be paved in bodies. If these sacrifices have any value at all, it is only as an offering to the capitalist Moloch — that is, only because they let the rest of us eke our way along, day after day, drawing nearer to the moment when it is demanded we exit quarantine and are made to return to whatever work remains in a world suffering from what Mike Davis has called “the arrival of something worse than barbarism.”

    #surveillance #surveillance_urbaine #villes #urban_matter #géographie_urbaine #coronavirus #covid-19

    ping @reka @etraces

  • China watching : President, PM, key Opposition leaders, Cabinet, CMs, Chief Justice of India…the list goes on

    China is Watching : Over 10,000 Indians, entities from politics to business, judiciary to media, even crime-accused, tracked by big-data firm linked to Chinese govt. Calling itself a pioneer in using big data for “hybrid warfare” and the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation,” a Shenzen-based technology company with links to the Chinese government, and the Chinese Communist Party, is monitoring over 10,000 Indian individuals and organisations in its global database of “foreign targets,” an (...)

    #spyware #surveillance

  • La Chine accusée d’espionnage à grande échelle en Inde

    L’Indian Express a révélé le lundi 14 septembre que Zhenhua Data, une société de Shenzhen, collectait sur Internet les données de milliers de personnalités indiennes de la politique, des milieux d’affaires, de la justice et des médias, dont celles du Premier ministre Narendra Modi. Plus de “10 000 personnes et institutions”, de grandes figures de la politique, de l’économie, de la justice et des médias, “surveillées en temps réel” depuis des plateformes Internet “open source”… Un énorme scandale (...)

    #spyware #données #surveillance

  • Palantir, le géant de la surveillance aux profits fantômes.

    L’introduction en bourse de la firme fondée par Peter Thiel approche, mais les investisseurs doutent. Proche de la CIA, en relation avec la DGSI, fondée par un soutien de Donald Trump, l’entreprise Palantir s’est forgé une réputation sulfureuse en signant des contrats de surveillance avec les armées et polices du monde entier. Malgré une date de fondation qui remonte à 2003, la firme spécialisée dans l’analyse de données reste aujourd’hui nimbée de mystère. Elle s’est toujours employée à entretenir une (...)

    #DGSI #Palantir #CIA #algorithme #migration #police #données #surveillance #bénéfices

  • The Good Drone

    How small-scale drones, satellites, kites, and balloons are used by social movements for the greater good. Drones are famous for doing bad things : weaponized, they implement remote-control war ; used for surveillance, they threaten civil liberties and violate privacy. In The Good Drone, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick examines a different range of uses : the deployment of drones for the greater good. Choi-Fitzpatrick analyzes the way small-scale drones—as well as satellites, kites, and (...)

    #activisme #aérien #surveillance

  • ‘Zoom and Enhance’ Is Finally Here

    And its surveillance implications are scary We all know the scene. Two detectives on a cop show stand in a dimly lit room filled with monitors, reviewing surveillance images. A tech guy (yes, it’s almost always a guy) queues up image after image as the detectives look on, squinting at the screen in concentration. “There’s nothing here !” one detective insists. They’re about to give up, when the other detective (our hero) shouts, “Wait !” Everyone stops. “Zoom in there !” the detective says. The (...)

    #Clearview #anonymat #biométrie #facial #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance (...)


  • AI is a totalitarian’s dream – here’s how to take power back

    Soon artificial intelligence looks set to know us better than we know ourselves. But it will all be for our own good, right ? Simon McCarthy-Jones explores the ramifications in a curated piece originally published by The Conversation. Individualistic western societies are built on the idea that no one knows our thoughts, desires or joys better than we do. And so we put ourselves, rather than the government, in charge of our lives. We tend to agree with the philosopher Immanuel Kant’s claim (...)

    #Palantir #algorithme #cryptage #domination #microtargeting #surveillance

  • Railroad Industry Group Passed Intel on Journalist to Cops

    By distributing private intelligence reports to federal “fusion centers,” industries can influence how law enforcement views threats. Environmental reporter Justin Mikulka was unnerved as he scanned through the pages. “A friend had contacted me and said that he had found some documents with my name in them,” Mikulka recalled to The Intercept. “He told me I really had to see them for myself.” Mikulka did see for himself. Descriptions of the journalist and his work were nestled among security (...)

    #écologie #journalisme #surveillance #minerais

  • Khrys’presso du lundi 14 septembre 2020

    Comme chaque lundi, un coup d’œil dans le rétroviseur pour découvrir les informations que vous avez peut-être ratées la semaine dernière. Brave New World La Chine bannit Scratch, le langage d’apprentissage à la programmation (lemondeinformatique.fr) En Sibérie, des cratères apparaissent … Lire la suite­­

    #Claviers_invités #Internet_et_société #Libr'en_Vrac #Libre_Veille #Non_classé #GAFAM #Internet #Revue_de_web #Revue_hebdo #Surveillance #veille #webrevue

  • Emotional Expressions Reconsidered : Challenges to Inferring Emotion From Human Facial Movements

    Faces offer information that helps us navigate our social world, influencing whom we love, trust, help, and even judge as guilty of a crime. But to what extent does an individual’s face reveal the person’s emotions ? And to what extent can we accurately interpret an emotion or intention from a raised eyebrow, a curled lip, or a narrowed eye ? Understanding what facial movements might reveal about a person’s emotions has major consequences for how people interact with one another in the living (...)

    #algorithme #CCTV #émotions #facial #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance


  • Operation Legend Is Bringing Surveillance Tech to Cities

    Using federal grants, cities are contracting with companies that hack smartphones and detect gunshots. In August, 40 federal agents arrived in Memphis. Some were already on the ground by the time U.S. Attorney Michael Dunavant announced the onset of Operation Legend and the city became, along with St. Louis, the seventh to be targeted by the Justice Department’s heavy-handed initiative to reduce violent crime. Many of the agents are on temporary assignment, working in collaboration with (...)

    #FBI #algorithme #CCTV #capteur #technologisme #police #ACLU #activisme #BlackLivesMatter (...)


  • Targeted

    Pasco’s sheriff created a futuristic program to stop crime before it happens. It monitors and harasses families across the county. Pasco County Sheriff Chris Nocco took office in 2011 with a bold plan : to create a cutting-edge intelligence program that could stop crime before it happened. What he actually built was a system to continuously monitor and harass Pasco County residents, a Tampa Bay Times investigation has found. First the Sheriff’s Office generates lists of people it considers (...)

    #algorithme #police #prédiction #harcèlement #surveillance #notation

  • Surveillance in an Era of Pandemic and Protest

    A live chat with Naomi Klein, Shoshana Zuboff, and Simone Browne on September 21 at 3 p.m. ET. As this summer of pandemic and racial justice protests draws to a close, Naomi Klein will host a landmark conversation between Shoshana Zuboff, author of “The Age of Surveillance Capitalism,” and Simone Browne, author of “Dark Matters : On the Surveillance of Blackness.” The three authors will discuss how both governments and tech giants are using our moment of overlapping crises to push through (...)

    #COVID-19 #santé #surveillance


  • UN experts report highlights role of private military and security companies in immigration management

    A new UN experts report shines light on the role of private military and security services in immigration and border management and their impact to the rights of all migrants. Key points The report highlights the responsibilities of private actors in human rights abuses a well as lack of oversight and, ultimately, of accountability of the system. It calls upon states to strengthen regulation of these companies actions and to be transparent when deploying private actors in immigration and (...)

    #migration #milice #militaire #frontières #surveillance #PrivacyInternational

  • Avant la rentrée des « gilets jaunes », la nouvelle doctrine du maintien de l’ordre réaffirmée

    Des agents de la BAC équipés de LBD, lors d’une manifestation conre la réforme des retraites, à Paris, le 19 décembre 2019. ZAKARIA ABDELKAFI / AFP

    Le ministre de l’intérieur, Gérald Darmanin, a annoncé un encadrement renforcé des tirs de lanceurs de balle de défense et des grenades moins dangereuses.

    Un encadrement renforcé des tirs de lanceurs de balle de défense (LBD) et des grenades moins dangereuses : à la veille de la mobilisation de rentrée des « gilets jaunes », le ministre de l’intérieur, Gérald Darmanin, a annoncé, vendredi 11 septembre, de légers aménagements, mais pas de bouleversement, de la doctrine du maintien de l’ordre en vigueur.
    Ces annonces ont été faites lors de la présentation du nouveau schéma national du maintien de l’ordre qui réaffirme la doctrine en vigueur depuis fin 2018, après le saccage de l’arc de Triomphe. Elles interviennent alors que plusieurs rassemblements de « gilets jaunes » sont annoncés dans plusieurs villes, dont Paris, Marseille, Toulouse, Lyon, Lille, Nantes, Nice, Bordeaux et Strasbourg.

    Les mesures gouvernementales avaient été initiées par le prédécesseur de M. Darmanin, Christophe Castaner, après des polémiques à répétition sur la gestion controversée des manifestations par les forces de l’ordre. Plusieurs personnes avaient été gravement blessées par des tirs de LBD et de grenade.

    Les conclusions de ces travaux ont été reportées à de nombreuses reprises, notamment en raison de la crise sanitaire puis de l’arrivée du nouveau ministre place Beauvau début juillet. C’est la « première fois » qu’un tel document est produit en France, s’est félicité le ministre de l’intérieur, qui s’exprimait lors de la cérémonie d’installation officielle de la nouvelle chef des CRS, Pascale Regnault-Dubois.

    Floutage des visages des agents

    Concernant les moyens mis à la disposition des forces de l’ordre, l’usage du LBD est maintenu, mais son encadrement strict est généralisé. Dorénavant, chaque tir devra être obligatoirement soumis à l’accord d’un « superviseur ». C’est déjà le cas pour les CRS et les gendarmes mobiles et à Paris, mais ailleurs, les effectifs de sécurité publique et les unités venues en renfort pour encadrer les manifestations n’en disposent pas.
    Gérald Darmanin a par ailleurs confirmé le remplacement des grenades à main de désencerclement (GMD) par un nouveau modèle, réputé moins dangereux. Ce modèle, déjà acheminé auprès des forces de l’ordre, sera utilisé dès ce samedi, a-t-il affirmé.

    En janvier, Christophe Castaner avait déjà annoncé le retrait d’une autre arme intermédiaire, la grenade explosive GLI-F4, composée de TNT et également accusée d’avoir causé de graves blessures chez les manifestants. Un retrait alors symbolique puisque les stocks étaient en voie d’épuisement chez les gendarmes mobiles et les CRS.
    La nouvelle GMD est « deux à quatre fois moins impactante », selon une source policière et son bouchon allumeur « ne saute plus ». C’est ce bouchon qui causait le plus de blessures graves.
    Le ministre a répété par ailleurs sa volonté d’imposer aux chaînes de télévision et aux réseaux sociaux le floutage des visages des agents.

    Envoi de SMS groupés

    Pour améliorer l’information des manifestants, il est prévu de moderniser le texte des « sommations » utilisé lorsque la manifestation dérape. Ce texte, rénové et plus simple, fera l’objet d’un décret soumis au Conseil d’Etat pour une entrée en vigueur le 1er janvier 2021.
    Il est envisagé également la mise en place de panneaux de signalisation, de hauts-parleurs et l’envoi de SMS groupés pour une meilleure communication. Les SMS seraient envoyés aux manifestants par les opérateurs téléphoniques qui les achemineraient à leurs abonnés. Le gouvernement prévoit une application au premier semestre 2022.

    Un effort est prévu pour renforcer ou créer, là où elles n’existent pas, des structures destinées à nouer le dialogue entre les manifestants et les autorités avant et pendant les rassemblements. Sa mise en œuvre est espérée au début de l’année prochaine. Une tâche compliquée pour les responsables de la sécurité publique qui ont du mal à trouver des interlocuteurs, notamment au sein des « gilets jaunes ».

    Chez les syndicats, on se satisfait d’une « doctrine confirmée ». « C’est ce qu’on demandait », a résumé Jean-Paul Nascimento, secrétaire national CRS UNSA-Police. A l’instar de Fabien Vanhemelryck (Alliance), ils ont accueilli avec soulagement le maintien du LBD, dont ils craignaient le retrait.

    Satisfaction aussi sur le floutage des visages. « On demandait cette loi depuis très longtemps », rappelle Alliance, et la modernisation des sommations et la communication, une décision qui « va dans le bon sens » selon Grégory Joron, secrétaire national CRS d’Unité SGP-Police.

    #police #maintien_de_l'ordre

  • Ireland to Order Facebook to Stop Sending User Data to U.S.

    Privacy regulator’s order to suspend the company’s data transfers to the U.S. cites concerns over American government surveillance practices A European Union privacy regulator has sent Facebook Inc. FB 0.94% a preliminary order to suspend data transfers to the U.S. about its EU users, according to people familiar with the matter, an operational and legal challenge for the company that could set a precedent for other tech giants. The preliminary order, the people said, was sent by Ireland’s (...)

    #données #PrivacyShield #surveillance


  • Portland, Oregon, passes toughest ban on facial recognition in US

    The ordinance outlaws the use of facial recognition not only by government agencies, but also by private businesses. The city council in Portland, Oregon, on Wednesday passed the strongest ban on facial recognition in the US, blocking use of the technology by private businesses as well as government agencies in the city. Portland’s ban on facial recognition isn’t the first, but it’s the strictest. Cities like San Francisco, Boston and Oakland, California, have all passed legislation banning (...)

    #algorithme #biométrie #consommation #facial #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance (...)


  • Human rights groups ask U.N. to intervene in U.S. crackdown on racial justice protesters

    This week, Access Now and the USC Gould School of Law’s International Human Rights Clinic (USC IHRC) – with the support of the international law firm Foley Hoag LLP (on behalf of Access Now) – submitted an Urgent Appeal to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Freedoms of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, Mr. Clement Nyaletossi Voule. The Urgent Appeal – an emergency U.N. Human Rights Council’s Special Procedures mechanism that raises attention to human rights violations by (...)

    #ICE #CBP #CCTV #smartphone #activisme #racisme #militaire #aérien #vidéo-surveillance #BlackLivesMatter #écoutes #surveillance (...)