• Imaginez une nouvelle #technologie
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2019/11/15/imaginez-une-nouvelle-technologie

    Toute technologie nouvelle porte en elle des risques inhérents qu’il convient sans aucun doute d’appréhender afin que la société humaine dans son ensemble puisse décider en toute connaissance de cause Lire la suite...

    #Fin_de_l'automobile #Insécurité_routière #Pollution_automobile #industrie #monde #pollution #santé #science #sécurité_routière #société

  • EXCLUSIVE: This Is How the U.S. Military’s Massive Facial Recognition System Works
    https://onezero.medium.com/exclusive-this-is-how-the-u-s-militarys-massive-facial-recognition-s

    Over the last 15 years, the United States military has developed a new addition to its arsenal. The weapon is deployed around the world, largely invisible, and grows more powerful by the day.

    That weapon is a vast database, packed with millions of images of faces, irises, fingerprints, and DNA data — a biometric dragnet of anyone who has come in contact with the U.S. military abroad. The 7.4 million identities in the database range from suspected terrorists in active military zones to allied soldiers training with U.S. forces.

    “Denying our adversaries anonymity allows us to focus our lethality. It’s like ripping the camouflage netting off the enemy ammunition dump,” wrote Glenn Krizay, director of the Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency, in notes obtained by OneZero. The Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency (DFBA) is tasked with overseeing the database, known officially as the Automated Biometric Information System (ABIS).

    DFBA and its ABIS database have received little scrutiny or press given the central role they play in U.S. military’s intelligence operations. But a newly obtained presentation and notes written by the DFBA’s director, Krizay, reveals how the organization functions and how biometric identification has been used to identify non-U.S. citizens on the battlefield thousands of times in the first half of 2019 alone. ABIS also allows military branches to flag individuals of interest, putting them on a so-called “Biometrically Enabled Watch List” (BEWL). Once flagged, these individuals can be identified through surveillance systems on battlefields, near borders around the world, and on military bases.

    “It allows us to decide and act with greater focus, and if needed, lethality.”

    The presentation also sheds light on how military, state, and local law enforcement biometrics systems are linked. According to Krizay’s presentation, ABIS is connected to the FBI’s biometric database, which is in turn connected to databases used by state and local law enforcement. Ultimately, that means that the U.S. military can readily search against biometric data of U.S. citizens and cataloged non-citizens. The DFBA is also currently working to connect its data to the Department of Homeland Security’s biometric database. The network will ultimately amount to a global surveillance system. In his notes, Krizay outlines a potential scenario in which data from a suspect in Detroit would be run against data collected from “some mountaintop in Asia.”

    The documents, which are embedded in full below, were obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request. These documents were presented earlier this year at a closed-door defense biometrics conference known as the Identity Management Symposium.

    ABIS is the result of a massive investment into biometrics by the U.S. military. According to federal procurement records analyzed by OneZero, the U.S. military has invested more than $345 million in biometric database technology in the last 10 years. Leidos, a defense contractor that primarily focuses on information technology, currently manages the database in question. Ideal Innovations Incorporated operates a subsection of the database designed to manage activity in Afghanistan, according to documents obtained by OneZero through a separate FOIA request.

    These contracts, combined with revelations surrounding the military’s massive biometric database initiatives, paint an alarming picture: A large and quickly growing network of surveillance systems operated by the U.S. military and present anywhere the U.S. has deployed troops, vacuuming up biometric data on millions of unsuspecting individuals.

    The military’s biometrics program, launched in 2004, initially focused on the collection and analysis of fingerprints. “In a war without borders, uniforms, or defined lines of battle, knowing who is an enemy is essential,” John D. Woodward, Jr., head of the DoD’s biometrics department, wrote in a 2004 brief.

    That year, the Department of Defense contracted Lockheed Martin to start building a biometrics database for an initial fee of $5 million. Progress was slow: by 2009, the DoD Inspector General reported that the biometrics system was still deeply flawed. The department indicated that it was only able to successfully retrieve five positive matches from 150 biometric searches. A later contract with defense industry giant Northrop resulted in similarly disappointing results with reports of “system instability, inconsistent processing times, system congestion, transaction errors, and a 48-hour outage.”

    By 2016, the DoD had begun to make serious investments in biometric data collection. That year, the Defense Department deputy secretary Robert O. Work designated biometric identification as a critical capability for nearly everything the department does: fighting, intelligence gathering, law enforcement, security, business, and counter-terrorism. Military leaders began to speak of biometric technology as a “game changer,” and directives from the DoD not only encouraged the use of the technology by analysts, but also by soldiers on the ground. Troops were instructed to collect biometric data whenever possible.

    The same year, a defense company named Leidos, which had acquired a large portion of Lockheed’s government IT business, secured a $150 million contract to build and deploy what is now known as the DoD ABIS system.

    Between 2008 and 2017, the DoD added more than 213,000 individuals to the BEWL, a subset of DoD’s ABIS database, according to a Government Accountability Office report. During that same period, the Department of Defense arrested or killed more than 1,700 people around the world on the basis of biometric and forensic matches, the GAO report says.

    Krizay’s presentation indicates that the United States used biometric matching to identify 4,467 people on the BEWL list in the first two quarters of 2019. The presentation slide breaks down the numbers: 2,728 of those matches were of opposing forces carried out in the “theater,” or area of where U.S. troops are commanded.
    Presentation slides from Glenn Krizay, director of the Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency. June 2019. Presentation in full below.

    DFBA claims that it has data on 7.4 million unique identities within its ABIS database, a majority of those sourced from military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, according to the agency’s website.

    That number is constantly growing. The documents suggest the DoD can collect biometric data from detainees, voter enrollments, military enlistments in partner countries, employment vetting, or information given to the military.

    “Almost every operation provides the opportunity to collect biometrics,” a 2014 document on military biometrics says. “While quality is desired over quantity, maximizing enrollments in the database will likely identify more persons of interest.”
    A graphic from a 2014 procedural document outlining military use of biometrics.

    ABIS also enables different operations and missions to create their own biometric watchlists. These databases can be be plugged into custom-built military mobile devices used to scan fingerprints, irises, and match faces against databases, according to a 2014 document outlining biometric procedures across the branches of the armed forces.
    Presentation slides from Glenn Krizay, director of the Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency. June 2019. Presentation in full below.

    “Fusion of an established identity and information we know about allows us to decide and act with greater focus, and if needed, lethality,” Krizay wrote in his presentation.

    But much is still unknown about how the DFBA and defense agencies use facial recognition and biometric data. A FOIA request which would return information about these systems was denied in part by the U.S. Army.

    “Public release would be tantamount to providing uncontrolled foreign access,” the response letter said.

    In his presentation notes for the Annual Identity Management Symposium, Krizay hints at the future of DFBA and ABIS.

    “We will still need to reveal adversary agent networks, identify and track proxy forces, protect our rear areas and lines of communication, account for enemy prisoners of war, and identify high value individuals,” he wrote.

    The presentation suggests that the department hopes to incorporate biometrics widely into security measures.

    “We’ve already shown we can’t secure our personnel systems,” he wrote. “If Wikileaks can obtain over a half a million of our reports, what can the likes of China or Russia do?”

    DFBA also plans to better integrate ABIS with other similar databases across the government. Despite DFBA being pitched as the central point of digital biometrics for the military, the department is still unable to share information with the Department of Homeland Security’s biometrics system because of formatting issues. In 2021, the DoD is expected to grant a contract for a new version of its biometrics program, one that brings identification software to the cloud and adds even more capabilities.

    “If Wikileaks can obtain over a half a million of our reports, what can the likes of China or Russia do?”

    Meanwhile, critics of facial recognition and biometric technology both in and out of government worry about the accuracy of the technology and how it is being used, especially in regards to bias inherent in much of machine learning, as well as privacy violations.

    The U.S. Commerce Departments’ National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) tests have shown that black females are 10 times more likely to be misidentified than white males. When applied in combat scenarios, such discrepancies can have lethal consequences for individuals misidentified by automated systems.

    “It’s unlikely that we will ever achieve a point where every single demographic is identical in performance across the board, whether that’s age, race or sex,” Charles Romine, director of the Information Technology Lab at NIST, told the House Homeland Security Committee in June 2019. “We want to know just exactly how much the difference is.”

    Executives at Leidos, the contractor that built ABIS, do not share similar concerns about the accuracy of their data. “Interestingly, the latest U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) tests show that the top-performing algorithms actually work better with black faces than with white faces,” Leidos Vice President John Mears wrote on the Leidos website.

    It’s not clear which tests Mears is referring to on the NIST website, but when contacted regarding that quote, NIST did not support his claim.

    “As a broad blanket statement it is not correct,” a NIST spokesperson told OneZero, adding that a report studying demographics in facial recognition is currently underway.

    Leidos declined to comment for this story, and referred all questions to the DoD when asked how it vetted for bias in its facial recognition algorithms.

    This technical challenge is not slowing down the adoption of biometrics. It’s unclear how many identities have been added to ABIS since Krizay’s presentation, or since DFBA last updated its website. Every indicator suggests the military is only growing its capability of collecting more and more data.

    As that data is further connected to sources like the Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. military’s surveillance system grows stronger.

    “We are not wandering in the dark,” Krizay wrote in his presentation. “We know who people are and more of what they have done.”

    #militaire #guerre #vie_privée #USA #technologie #reconnaissance_faciale

  • How to Downsize a Transport Network : The Chinese Wheelbarrow | LOW←TECH MAGAZINE
    https://solar.lowtechmagazine.com/2011/12/the-chinese-wheelbarrow.html

    The use of wheelbarrows in combination with specially designed narrow pathways made land transportation in China considerably more efficient than in Europe for a period of almost 1,500 years. Today, critcism on the omnipresent automobile is often ridiculed by saying that we cannot go back to horses and carts, without realizing that the combination of horses and carts is far from evident and not as low-tech as it seems. History clearly shows that an extensive road infrastructure is a very vulnerable thing.

    Europe was also left with a deteriorating road network after the demise of the Roman Empire, though the Europeans could buy some time. Because it was sturdier (using piles of stone and concrete rather than the early form of asphalt applied by the Chinese), the Roman road infrastructure remained relatively useful until about the 11th century AD, after which it was largely abandoned. But even before that time, the destruction of bridges and road facilities by the barbarians - or by the locals in order to defend themselves against the barbarians - gradually dimished its usefulness. Lack of maintenance and the plundering of paving stone did the rest. Moreover, the appearance of new towns and capitals (such as Paris) required new routes that did not always coincide with the existing Roman roads.

    Contrary to the Chinese, the Europeans did not develop a new vehicle and appropriate infrastructure of paths to make up for the loss of the Ancient highways. New roads appeared during the economic revival of the late Middle Ages, but these were not paved or hardened in any other way. This made them at best inefficient in good weather and nearly impassable when (and after) it rained. Furthermore, because of the absence of foundations, soil erosion caused by heavy rains could wash entire roads away. As a result, the use of carts and wagons all but disappeared in medieval Europe, while nothing else came in place. For people, the options of land transportation again became limited to walking or - only for the rich - horseback riding.

    #merci @stephane https://seenthis.net/messages/809252

    #Chine #transport #histoire #technologie

  • Vandana Shiva : « La démocratie a été piratée par les milliardaires »
    https://usbeketrica.com/article/vandana-shiva-democratie-piratee-milliardaires

    Ce principe de socialisation des pertes et de privatisation des profits atteint aujourd’hui un point où il n’est même plus question de responsabilité limitée mais de responsabilité zéro. Tous les programmes d’économies, d’austérité ou d’ajustements structurels consistent simplement à s’approprier les communs d’une société. Le système de santé, d’éducation, les infrastructures de transport… Tout ça n’est en rien différent de la colonisation.

    # Vandana-Shiva #démocratie-représentative #GAFAM #technologie #communs

  • You Got a Brain Scan at the Hospital. Someday a Computer May Use It to Identify You. - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/23/health/brain-scans-personal-identity.html

    A magnetic resonance imaging scan includes the entire head, including the subject’s face. And while the countenance is blurry, imaging technology has advanced to the point that the face can be reconstructed from the scan.

    Under some circumstances, that face can be matched to an individual with facial recognition software.

    #reconnaissance_faciale #imagerie #technologie

  • Ken Loach : « Plus besoin d’un #patron pour exploiter les gens, la #technologie s’en charge »

    Le nouveau #film de #Ken_Loach, « #Sorry_We_Missed_You », aborde les ravages de l’#ubérisation et de la #soustraitance. L’occasion de rencontrer un cinéaste au regard toujours aussi acéré.

    https://www.humanite.fr/node/679049
    #sous-traitance #uber #travail #exploitation #cinéma #précarité #précarisation #flexbilisation #droit_du_travail

    ping @albertocampiphoto @reka

  • La démondialisation | Eurozine
    https://www.eurozine.com/la-demondialisation

    Le mythe contemporain prétend que la #technologie constitue le meilleur outil pour gouverner les #apparitions. Elle seule permettrait de résoudre ce problème qui est un problème d’ordre, mais aussi de connaissance, de repères, d’anticipation, de prévision. Il est à craindre que le rêve d’une humanité transparente à elle-même, dépourvue de mystère, ne soit qu’une catastrophique illusion. Pour le moment, #migrants et #réfugiés en paient le prix. Il n’est pas certain qu’à la longue, ils soient les seuls.

  • 5G : « Les Etats-Unis ont peur de perdre leur prééminence technologique »
    https://usbeketrica.com/article/5g-les-etats-unis-ont-peur-de-perdre-leur-preeminence-technologique

    « La 5G est un enjeu géopolitique qui a peut-être été non-assumé au départ (...) toute la difficulté est de savoir si c’est une guerre commerciale avec un simple volet technologique, ou si la guerre commerciale est un paravent à une rivalité technologique exacerbée entre Chinois et Américains (...) Le positionnement des autorités américaines est notamment lié à la montée en gamme de Huawei en matière de smartphones et de pose de câbles sous-marins. La crainte des Américains de perdre leur prééminence technologique est particulièrement élevée. »

    « Le matériel résidentiel chez Orange, SFR ou Bouygues, c’est du Huawei (...) En Pologne, tout le réseau mobile d’Orange est d’origine Huawei. Est-ce que ça veut dire qu’il est plus à risque qu’un réseau Nokia ou Alcatel ? La réalité, c’est qu’on ne peut pas le savoir pour l’instant... »

    #5G #technologie #Huawei #protection_des_données

  • Mastodon, Diaspora, PeerTube... : des alternatives « libres » face aux géants du Net et à leur monde orwellien
    https://www.bastamag.net/Mastodon-Diaspora-PeerTube-Qwant-framasoft-logiciels-libres-open-street-ma

    En vingt ans, Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon et Microsoft ont investi notre quotidien, colonisé nos imaginaires, mis la main sur nos données personnelles. Peut-on leur échapper ? Pour chacun de ces services, les alternatives aux « Gafam » existent déjà, et rassemblent, pour certaines d’entre elles, plusieurs millions d’utilisateurs. Basta ! vous les présente. Les chiffres sont à manier avec précaution, mais on estime que Google capterait à lui seul plus de 90 % des requêtes sur les moteurs de (...) #Résister

    / #Technologies_libres, Surveillance, fichage, censure : la démocratie en danger ?, #Atteintes_aux_libertés, #Multinationales, #Surveillance_et_biométrie, A la (...)

    #Surveillance,fichage,_censure:la_démocratie_en_danger ?

  • Here’s what’s behind the comeback of vinyl and printed photos – Alternet.org
    https://www.alternet.org/2019/10/heres-whats-behind-the-comeback-of-vinyl-and-printed-photos

    The resurgence of vinyl records in a time of digital music and streaming is a story of how innovation can make technological comebacks possible. In the summer of 2019, the sales of vinyl albums are on the verge of becoming the largest source of revenue from physical sales in the music industry. This follows 15 years of upward trend – today, while remaining a niche product, the vinyl record may well eventually survive to be the only analogue medium for music, as the sales of CD continue their downward spiral.

    Researchers in sociology and consumer culture have shown how this trend goes well beyond nostalgia – buyers of vinyl are attracted by its status as an object, its physical presence. This attraction matters even more today, as most of the time listening to a song does not involve buying a physical support anymore.

    Our study starts from this vinyl comeback. We try to show how it is precisely the process of innovation, in which a new product or technology replaces an outdated one, that opens the possibility for an even older and obsolete product or technology to become relevant again.

    Some consumers, who had abandoned products of the first generation start using them again as a complement to the third one. As in the case of vinyl recordings, the industry has well understood the demand for tangible photography, beyond simply reverting to old cameras. Polaroid is soon to release a “Lab” to print analogue pictures of images taken on smartphones. Fujifilm’s Instax, meanwhile, offers the possibility to print a format similar to Polaroid based on digital pictures.

    Not every comeback is possible. Many products and technologies disappear because they have nothing useful to bring anymore. But when a new product or technology starts dominating a market, it may be a good idea to look at what existed two or three generations before. This may well prove to be part of the future – even if it’s just a small one.

    #Vinyl #Musique #Photographie #Technologie #Objets #Artefacts

  • Addicted to Screens? That’s Really a You Problem - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/06/technology/phone-screen-addiction-tech-nir-eyal.html

    Nir Eyal does not for a second regret writing Silicon Valley’s tech engagement how-to, “Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products,” even as he now has a new book out on how to free ourselves of that same addiction.

    In his original manual for building enthralling smartphone apps, Mr. Eyal laid out the tricks “to subtly encourage customer behavior” and “bring users back again and again.” He toured tech companies speaking about the Hook Model, his four-step plan to grab and keep people with enticements like variable rewards, or pleasures that come at unpredictable intervals.

    “Slot machines provide a classic example of variable rewards,” Mr. Eyal wrote.

    Silicon Valley’s technorati hailed “Hooked.” Dave McClure, the founder of 500 Startups, a prolific incubator, called it “an essential crib sheet for any start-up looking to understand user psychology.”

    But that was 2014. That was when making a slot-machinelike app was a good and exciting thing. When “seductive interaction design” and “design for behavior change” were aspirational phrases.

    “Nir Eyal’s trying to flip,” said Richard Freed, a child psychologist who supports less screen time. “These people who’ve done this are all trying to come back selling the cure. But they’re the ones who’ve been selling the drugs in the first place.”

    “I’m sure the cigarette industry said there’s just a certain number of people with a propensity for lung disease,” he added.

    Mr. Eyal said he was not reversing himself. His Hook Model was useful, certainly, and he believed in the tactics. But it was not addicting people. It’s our fault, he said, not Instagram’s or Facebook’s or Apple’s.

    “It’s disrespectful for people who have the pathology of addiction to say, ‘Oh, we all have this disease,’” he said. “No, we don’t.”

    #Médias_sociaux #Addiction #Dopamine #Mir_Eyal

  • #Alicem : la #reconnaissance_faciale imposée à tous dès novembre ? - Les Numériques
    https://www.lesnumeriques.com/vie-du-net/alicem-la-reconnaissance-faciale-imposee-a-tous-des-novembre-n141651.

    Question technique, l’application ne se contentera pas d’une bête photo. Il faudra fournir une rapide vidéo permettant au service d’analyser les expressions du visage sous plusieurs angles — il faudra également cligner des yeux. Cette vidéo sera bien évidemment “effacée immédiatement après la vérification” et aucune donnée ne sera transmise à des tiers, précise le site du ministère de l’Intérieur. Pour le moment, seule une app Android est prévue.

    Cette accélération du gouvernement sur le sujet de la reconnaissance faciale arrive au moment où l’#UE cherche à imposer des règles pour encadrer cette #technologie polémique. Comme le rapportait le Financial Times fin août, le nouveau collège qui siégera sous la présidence d’Ursula Von Der Leyen veut se saisir du sujet, et plus précisément de l’usage qui en est fait dans la #surveillance. Et si les deux sujets ne sont pas directement liés, comme dit La Quadrature du Net, Alicem cherche à “normaliser la reconnaissance faciale comme outil d’#identification”. Puis comme outil de surveillance ?

    #France

  • They Grow the Nation’s Food, but They Can’t Drink the Water

    Water is a currency in California, and the low-income farmworkers who pick the Central Valley’s crops know it better than anyone. They labor in the region’s endless orchards, made possible by sophisticated irrigation systems, but at home their faucets spew toxic water tainted by arsenic and fertilizer chemicals.

    “Clean water flows toward power and money,” said Susana De Anda, a longtime water-rights organizer in the region. She is the daughter of lechugueros who worked in lettuce fields and helped make California one of the agricultural capitals of the world. “Homes, schools and clinics are supposed to be the safest places to go. But not in our world.”

    As she spoke, Ms. De Anda drove through several towns where tainted water is a fact of life, here in the state’s agricultural center. In the foreground, along State Route 201, were miles of lush orange groves and dairy farms. Spotted out the passenger window of her silver Toyota was Stone Corral Elementary in the town of Seville, where century-old pipes contaminate the tap water with soil and bacteria. The school depends on grant money to pay for bottled water for students.

    Today, more than 300 public water systems in California serve unsafe drinking water, according to public compliance data compiled by the California State Water Resources Control Board. It is a slow-motion public health crisis that leaves more than one million Californians exposed to unsafe water each year, according to public health officials.
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    Though water contamination is a problem up and down the state, the failing systems are most heavily concentrated in small towns and unincorporated communities in the Central and Salinas Valleys, the key centers of California agriculture. About half of all failing water systems are in the agricultural San Joaquin Valley, in the southern section of the broader Central Valley, said Ellen Hanak, the director of the Water Policy Center at the Public Policy Institute of California.

    Gov. Gavin Newsom has proposed a tax of about $140 million on urban water districts and the agriculture industry to pay for redevelopment in districts serving unsafe water. That money would come in addition to $168 million he has allocated toward water infrastructure improvements from a bond proposition passed last year.

    Some have bristled at the proposed tax, given already high tax rates in the state and a budget surplus of more than $21 billion. The Association of California Water Agencies — whose members provide an estimated 90 percent of water distributed in the state — has spoken out against the governor’s proposed solution, arguing it would affect the cost of living in already-expensive California.

    “There’s agreement with everyone involved in policy that there is a problem and it needs to be solved,” said Cindy Tuck, the group’s deputy executive director for government relations. But, “we think it doesn’t make sense to tax a resource that is essential.”

    State Senator Melissa Hurtado, a Democrat representing the Fresno area, whose district is severely affected by tainted water, said she would like to see more money allocated for infrastructure spending, but believes a tax on water is a nonstarter. Last week, the Democratic-controlled State Senate budget subcommittee voted against the governor’s proposed water tax, in favor of recommending funding from the state’s general fund. The Legislature is expected to work out the details as part of broader budget negotiations, which will come for a vote in June.
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    But the debate in Sacramento feels far away in East Orosi, a farmworker community of about 500 nestled along the foot of the Sierra Nevada that is surrounded by fields of oranges. There, residents complain of conditions that resemble the developing world, not the richest state in the nation. Fears of nitrate exposure in the tap water — which numerous studies have linked to an increased risk of infant death, and at high levels, an elevated risk of cancer in adults — compound other difficult realities like faraway grocery stores and doctors, grueling work conditions, and a lack of political clout.

    Veronica Corrales, the president of the East Orosi water board, wonders why more people are not outraged that, in 2019, people living in a state as wealthy as California lack such a fundamental necessity.

    “Everyone is saying ‘America First,’ but what about us?” she said.

    Many factors have led to the groundwater contamination reflected in the state’s data, but public health experts say the region’s agriculture industry has played an outsize role. Chemical fertilizers and dairy manure seep into the ground and cause nitrate contamination, like the kind plaguing East Orosi. Such contamination, which is common throughout the valley, takes years to materialize and even longer to clear up.

    Arsenic is naturally occurring in some areas but can become worse with exhaustive groundwater pumping, which has been a longstanding problem in the valley and accelerated during the drought between 2012 and 2016.

    It is exceedingly difficult to say with certainty whether any illness is directly tied to specific environmental factors, including contaminated water. But an article published last month in Environmental Health, an academic journal, estimated that 15,500 cases of cancer in California could occur within 70 years because of unsafe drinking water.

    For years, Martha Sanchez and her husband, Jose — who live in East Orosi and make their living filling crates with oranges or picking cherries — have received notices from the local water system that their taps are unsafe to drink from because of contamination. The family spends at least $60 a month for tap water they can’t use, Ms. Sanchez estimates, which is factored into the rent. To cook and wash dishes, Ms. Sanchez ladles bottled water into pots and pans from heavy blue jugs kept in the kitchen. She and her children shower using the water from the pipes, but she says it makes their skin itch.

    “Some people around here drink it,” Ms. Sanchez said. “Here at home, I don’t use it at all for cooking, not even for beans.”

    Ms. Sanchez’s family is given five free five-gallon jugs of water every two weeks, funded by a grant from the State Water Resources Control Board that was secured by Self-Help Enterprises, a community organization. But, Ms. Sanchez says, it is never enough to hold the family over, and they buy an additional four gallons.

    Her husband, who is a supervisor in the fields, pays for clean water out of pocket for the employees he manages, because the farm does not provide it. Sometimes he brings in about $80 for a full day of work.

    These problems are not new. The failing infrastructure at the heart of the potable water crisis in these communities is tinged with the legacy of rural redlining, said Camille Pannu, the director of the Aoki Water Justice Clinic at the University of California, Davis, who likened the situation in the valley to the one in Flint, Mich. “Flint is everywhere here,” she said.

    “The fact that more than a million Californians in 2019 have been left behind is really appalling,” said Jared Blumenfeld, the secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency. “I’ll never forget talking to people in Imperial and Coachella Valley who are like, ‘You know what, it’s amazing when we go back to Mexico, the water is better.’”

    Mr. Blumenfeld said the “vast majority” of water systems with unsafe water are in small communities where there are too few customers to cover the cost of water treatment and maintenance. Laying even short distances of pipe can cost millions of dollars, which is sometimes feasible when costs are spread out among many people but not so for individual families, or when towns are especially remote.

    “I’ve never seen as many small drinking water systems in any other state. California is unique in that way,” Mr. Blumenfeld said.

    Many families who live in those areas use water from private wells because their homes are not connected to public water systems. The number of people exposed to dangerous water statewide could be even higher than the data shows: The state does not regulate private wells and does not monitor systems with fewer than 15 connections.

    One solution for expanding potable water access could be for larger systems to absorb smaller systems, which would allow them to spread infrastructure costs across more customers. In the San Joaquin Valley, nearly 80 percent of disadvantaged communities without potable water are less than one mile away from other communities with safe drinking water, according to a 2018 report by the U.C. Davis Center for Regional Change.

    But larger water systems are often wary of absorbing the smaller systems. In part, they do not want to absorb the costs that come with overhauling dilapidated infrastructure, said Ms. Hanak, the Water Policy Center director.

    Often, community members also worry that adding lower-income customers from neighboring communities will leave them to foot the bill. And the poorer customers worry they will have to pay rates they cannot afford.

    The East Orosi water district has teetered from one consolidation effort to another over the last decade, with little success. The state recently signaled that it would order nearby Orosi, which has clean water, to consolidate its system with East Orosi to expand clean-water access. Compelled by the state, the two communities have sought to negotiate a consolidation, but disagreements have left them at a stalemate.

    “Because Orosi has clean water, they don’t want to take on rate payers from East Orosi who they think are so poor they’ll skip out on their bills,” Ms. Pannu said. “Unfortunately, you have poor people versus poorer people.”

    E. Joaquin Esquivel, the chairman of the State Water Resources Control Board, said the gaps in potable water access were unacceptable, and promised that the state would continue using its consolidation authority to ease disparities. But he added that sustained funding for infrastructure and maintenance projects would be crucial for long-term solutions.

    Ms. Corrales, a nurse, stepped in as the president of the East Orosi water board several months ago. There was no one else who wanted the job, she said, and she was voted in at a community meeting almost without realizing it.

    Sometimes she is not sure whom she should be fighting: the state, the farm owners, the skeptics in Orosi. She just wants clean water.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/21/us/california-central-valley-tainted-water.html

    #eau #eau_potable #pollution #agriculture #industrie_agro-alimentaire #dépendance #technologie #Californie #USA #Etats-Unis #arsénic #fertilisants #contamination

    #atelier_collapsologie

    ping @sinehebdo

  • Le fichage. Note d’analyse ANAFE
    Un outil sans limites au service du contrôle des frontières ?

    La traversée des frontières par des personnes étrangères est un « outil » politique et médiatique, utilisé pour faire accepter à la population toutes les mesures toujours plus attentatoires aux libertés individuelles, au nom par exemple de la lutte contre le terrorisme. Le prétexte sécuritaire est érigé en étendard et il est systématiquement brandi dans les discours politiques, assimilant ainsi migration et criminalité, non seulement pour des effets d’annonce mais de plus en plus dans les législations.
    Les personnes étrangères font depuis longtemps l’objet de mesures de contrôle et de surveillance. Pourtant, un changement de perspective s’est opéré pour s’adapter aux grands changements des politiques européennes vers une criminalisation croissante de ces personnes, en lien avec le développement constant des nouvelles technologies. L’utilisation exponentielle des fichiers est destinée à identifier, catégoriser, contrôler, éloigner et exclure. Et si le fichage est utilisé pour bloquer les personnes sur leurs parcours migratoires, il est aussi de plus en plus utilisé pour entraver les déplacements à l’intérieur de l’Union et l’action de militants européens qui entendent apporter leur soutien aux personnes exilées.
    Quelles sont les limites à ce développement ? Les possibilités techniques et numériques semblent illimitées et favorisent alors un véritable « business » du fichage.

    Concrètement, il existe pléthore de fichiers. Leur complexité tient au fait qu’ils sont nombreux, mais également à leur superposition. De ce maillage opaque naît une certaine insécurité juridique pour les personnes visées.
    Parallèlement à la multiplication des fichiers de tout type et de toute nature, ce sont désormais des questions liées à leur interconnexion[1], à leurs failles qui sont soulevées et aux abus dans leur utilisation, notamment aux risques d’atteintes aux droits fondamentaux et aux libertés publiques.

    Le 5 février 2019, un accord provisoire a été signé entre la présidence du Conseil européen et le Parlement européen sur l’interopérabilité[2] des systèmes d’information au niveau du continent pour renforcer les contrôles aux frontières de l’Union.

    http://www.anafe.org/IMG/pdf/note_-_le_fichage_un_outil_sans_limites_au_service_du_controle_des_frontieres

    #frontières #contrôle #surveillance #migration #réfugiés #fichage #interconnexion #interopérabilité

  • La trilogie de béton
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2019/09/24/la-trilogie-de-beton

    La « trilogie de béton » rassemble trois chefs-d’œuvre de la littérature contemporaine. James Graham Ballard (photo) y invente une nouvelle forme de #science-fiction. Il nous met en garde contre les nouveaux Lire la suite...

    #Fin_de_l'automobile #Insécurité_routière #Livres #accident #critique #futur #mort #sécurité_routière #technique #technologie

  • Digitalkonferenz 2019 : DIE LINKE
    https://www.die-linke.de/mitmachen/digitalkonferenz-2019


    Pas la temps de dire grand chose à propos du contenu de la rencontre, mais je constate déjà que le parti Die Linke n’est pas prêt à reconnaître le charactère radical de la transformation actuelle de nos vies et du monde.

    Le processus désigné par le terme fallacieux « Digitalisierung » n’est que la mise à jour du concept de la guerre totale déclarée par le ministre de la pŕopagande nazie le 18 février 1943. Le dévouement total au service de la guerre que Goebbels exige du peuple allemand correspond à l’imposition par la terreur des mesures juridiques et technologiques visant à transformer tout service encore sous contrôle de la communeauté des citoyens en centre de profit au sein de l’éternel combat concurrentiel.

    Il est évident que les partis politiques ne savent pas répondre à ce développement qui n’a trouvé en Europe d’aversaire que le mouvement des gilets jaunes. Le mouvement populaire bien que dépourvu d’idéologie et stratǵie conséquente ne subit pas les limitations imposées par l’action institutionnelle des organisations classiques.

    La seule solution à ce problème qui me semble envisageable est la prise en mains des technologies « disruptives » par les mouvements sociaux tout en développant les actions communes avec les membres des partis politiques et d’autres organisations qui se rendent compte des limites imposées par le système politique.

    On verra si le parti de gauche est prêt à participer à de telles alliances.

    7. Dezember 2019, Jugendherberge Berlin-Ostkreuz, Marktstraße 9-12, 10317 Berlin

    (K)eine automatische Revolution
    Konferenz zu Digitalisierung und sozialer Gerechtigkeit

    Cyber, Cloud, KI oder ADM? – die Produkte der Digitalisierung haben viele Namen. Viele davon hat die Mehrheit der Gesellschaft vermutlich noch nie gehört – dabei bestimmen sie bereits viele Bereiche unseres Lebens. Das kann eine Erleichterung sein, wenn wir über ein Onlineportal den günstigsten Urlaub buchen oder über eine App beim nächstgelegenen Leihauto per Klick auf dem Smartphone die Wagentür öffnen. Es kann aber auch zur Tortur werden, wenn die Arbeit als Click-Worker keine sozialen Sicherheiten mehr bietet oder wir jegliche Kontrolle über unsere Daten an private Unternehmen wie Google oder Facebook verlieren. Der technische Fortschritt und die Folgen der Digitalisierung stellen uns alle vor neue Herausforderungen, manche davon können wir heute nur erahnen. Umso wichtiger, dass DIE LINKE Antworten parat hat wie wir auf diese Herausforderungen reagieren sollten, damit die Vorteile der Digitalisierung allen zu Gute kommen und nicht nur den Reichtum und die Kontrolle weniger stärkt. Deshalb wollen wir auf dieser Konferenz Lösungen der Linken und LINKEN zusammentragen und gemeinsam weiterentwickeln. Leiten werden uns dabei die Fragen: Wie können wir den technologischen Fortschritt demokratisch und sozial gestalten? Wie können wir neue Technologie so nutzen, dass sie der Mehrheit nützt? Wie können wir uns vor Missbrauch von Technologie durch andere schützen? Am Ende steht die Frage: wie können wir ein gutes Leben für alle schaffen? Eine Linke, die es schafft diese Fragen zu beantworten und Lösungen anzubieten, muss die Zukunft nicht fürchten – sie wird sie gestalten.

    Programm
    https://www.die-linke.de/mitmachen/digitalkonferenz-2019

    9.30 – 10.30 Uhr Begrüßung und Einführung in die Tagung
    10.30 – 12.30 Uhr Workshopphase I

    Programm

    9.30 – 10.30 Uhr Begrüßung und Einführung in die Tagung

    10.30 – 12.30 Uhr Workshopphase I
    Gute Arbeit und digitaler Kapitalismus – Teil I
    Leben, Lernen und Arbeiten in digitalen Dörfern
    Vernetzte und digitale Welt – Was braucht Bildung in der digitalisierten Gesellschaft? – Teil I
    Digitale Macht: Überwachen und Strafen im autoritären Staat
    Welchen Sozialstaat brauchen wir für den digitalen Wandel?
    Die Demokratie- und Eigentumsfrage stellen: sozial-ökologische Transformation der Wirtschaft und Digitalisierung – Teil I
    Digitalisierung der Öffentlichkeit: (K)ein Potential für Demokratisierung? – Teil I

    12.30 – 14.00 Uhr Mittagspause

    14.00 – 16.30 Uhr Workshopphase II
    Gute Arbeit und digitaler Kapitalismus – Teil II
    LINKE Kommunalpolitik für die Smart City
    Vernetzte und digitale Welt – Was braucht Bildung in der digitalisierten Gesellschaft? – Teil II
    Digitale Gewalt gegen Frauen
    Digitalisierung im Gesundheits- und Pflegesystem
    Die Demokratie- und Eigentumsfrage stellen: sozial-ökologische Transformation der Wirtschaft und Digitalisierung – Teil II
    Digitalisierung der Öffentlichkeit: (K)ein Potential für Demokratisierung? – Teil II

    16.30 – 17.00 Uhr Kaffeepause

    17.00 – 18.30 Uhr Podium
    Digitaler Klassenkampf? Die Zukunft des digitalen Kapitalismus und die Perspektive eines neuen Sozialismus

    18.30 – 19.30 Uhr Abendessen

    19.30 – 21.00 Uhr Abschlussrunde
    DIE LINKE und die Zukunft

    #Allemagne #Berlin #Die_Linke #gauche #politique #technologie #événement

  • New route to carbon-neutral fuels from carbon dioxide discovered
    https://phys.org/news/2019-09-route-carbon-neutral-fuels-carbon-dioxide.html

    Carbon-neutral re-use of #CO2 has emerged as an alternative to burying the greenhouse gas underground. In a new study published today in Nature Energy, researchers from Stanford University and the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) show how electricity and an Earth-abundant catalyst can convert CO2 into energy-rich carbon monoxide (CO) better than conventional methods. The catalyst—cerium oxide—is much more resistant to breaking down. Stripping oxygen from CO2 to make CO gas is the first step in turning CO2 into nearly any liquid fuel and other products, like synthetic gas and plastics. The addition of hydrogen to CO can produce fuels like synthetic diesel and the equivalent of jet fuel. The team envisions using renewable power to make the CO and for subsequent conversions, which would result in carbon-neutral products.

    #technologie

  • Battling for survival on the frontier of climate change

    When the rains stopped coming two years ago, transforming Denise Reid’s once flourishing banana fields into an expanse of desiccated wasteland, she was bewildered at first.

    Here in rural Portland, Jamaica’s wettest parish for as long as anyone can remember, farmers like Mrs Reid are battling for survival on the frontier of climate change.

    “I couldn’t understand why it was so dry. We used to have lovely seasons; now everything has changed,” she says.

    Evolving weather patterns are making their impact felt across the Caribbean in prolonged droughts, incessant bush fires and worsening storms.

    And Jamaica’s reliance on rain-fed farming, with many smallholdings set on mountain slopes prone to landslides, has left the sector particularly vulnerable.

    In a nation where one in six working people earns a living from agriculture, the losses are far-reaching and sorely felt.
    Smart tools

    Now, experts behind a trailblazing venture with innovative technology at its core hope to give islanders the tools to fight back.

    A climate-smart project is being implemented and funded by the Netherlands-based Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) in three parishes in the east of Jamaica, which is most susceptible to extreme weather.

    Working closely with government agencies, the aim is to boost productivity and food security, while improving planters’ resilience and income.

    Data is gleaned from weather satellites, combined with local met offices’ predictions and delivered to farmers via sophisticated weather apps. The free apps, downloaded onto smartphones, are capable of forecasting three months ahead.

    Farmers can also sign up for planting tips via text message and early warning alerts for hazards like flash floods and fires.

    The work has seen 5,000 farmers across Portland, St Mary and St Thomas digitally profiled for the first time. Storing their personal details, plus information about their farms and produce, onto a national database means they can receive location-specific advice.

    Coupled with savvy land management training and the development of drought-resistant seeds by the Jamaican government, farmers are expected to see up to a 40% increase in output within two to three years.

    CTA’s senior programme coordinator Oluyede Ajayi, who heads similar work in Mali and Ethiopia, says the weather apps boast an impressive 88% reliability.

    Mrs Reid may have lost hope for her beloved bananas but expects to reap thousands of pounds of hardier pineapples this year instead.

    “I started with just 17 plants,” she says proudly, surveying the abundance of fruit thriving again at her Belle Castle orchard.

    Mulching to retain moisture is just one of the techniques she was taught by attending local farmer forums. The regular gatherings are also used to share information from the apps to growers with limited internet connectivity.
    ’The river took it’

    In neighbouring St Mary, parts of the Pagee River, used for irrigation by farmers for decades, have been bone dry since March.

    Vultures soar above a former coconut plantation destroyed by one of hundreds of fires that have plagued the parish this summer.

    Howard White lost his previous farm to intense floods.

    “The river came and took it by night,” he recalls with a shudder. “My two feet trembled when I saw that but I knew I had to stay strong and replant.”

    It is not just erratic rainfall giving him headaches but crucifying heat too, he continues, wiping his brow.

    June was the hottest month ever recorded in Jamaica with temperatures topping 39C.

    Still, thanks to the weather apps which tell him precisely how much rain he can expect for the next five days, along with wind direction and speed, temperature and humidity, his new farm higher up the hillside is thriving.

    Mr White now plans to extend beyond plantain and coca plants and plant scotch bonnet peppers too.

    He has also been taught to create contours in the sloped land, fringed with log barriers to prevent soil erosion.
    ’Leaps and bounds ahead’

    CTA’s involvement has taken government efforts to help farmers to a new dimension, says Dwayne Henry, of Jamaica’s Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA).

    “We are leaps and bounds ahead of where we were,” he tells the BBC.

    “Some of the older folk take longer to warm up to the apps but they get there and are now relying on us to send out the information.”

    The user-friendly, interactive design with brief, pithy text helps accommodate all literacy levels, Mr Henry explains.


    Since the project began in June 2018, it has proved so popular the government now hopes to roll it out nationwide.

    CTA’s Bertil Videt hopes the initiative will reap the rewards seen in Africa.

    “We’ve seen vast differences in the yields of farmers in Mali using the project, compared to those who did not,” he explains.

    Success cannot come soon enough for planters like Elaine Reid who says drought has reduced the size of her onions, slashing the income from her half-acre Belle Castle holding by half.

    Her neighbour Kofi Mendes agrees. “We see climate change first-hand; we live it each day,” he says. “It makes me angry, sad, confused. Knowing how to adapt to it is crucial.”

    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-49661455

    #smart_technology #technologie #changement_climatique #agriculture #Jamaïque

  • Lebensgefährlich unbrauchbar (Beilage „Wissenschaft & Technik“ vom 11.09.2019) (Tageszeitung junge Welt)
    https://www.jungewelt.de/beilage/art/362448

    Von Daniel Bratanovic
    ...
    Als vor zehn Jahren gleich mehrere große Luftfahrzeuge abstürzten, weil auch damals schon die Menschen das Verhalten des Autopiloten nicht begriffen hatten, schlussfolgerte der Technikphilosoph Kevin Kelly: »Auf lange Sicht sollten Flugzeuge nicht von menschlichen Piloten gesteuert werden.« Der »Risikokapitalist« Vinod Khosla befand 2013, ein »Doctor Algorithm« solle den Ärzten nicht bloß assistieren, sondern sie am besten gleich komplett ersetzen; das kanadische Startup »Deep Genomics« stipuliert dieser Tage, die Zukunft der Medizinforschung liege in der Künstlichen Intelligenz, »weil Biologie zu komplex für Menschen ist«.

    Die Skeptiker hingegen werden auf Inuit aufmerksam, die jahrtausendelang bei der Suche nach Wild auf verblüffende Weise in der Lage waren, sich in der öden und monotonen Eis- und Tundralandschaft zu orientieren, obwohl es dort kaum Wegzeichen gibt und Fährten über Nacht verschwinden. Die jüngere Generation der Jäger setzt inzwischen aber auf GPS-Technologie, verliert dabei das Geländegespür der Vorfahren und provoziert schwere Jagdunfälle. »So könnte ein einzigartiges Talent, das ein Volk seit Jahrhunderten auszeichnet, schon binnen einer Genera­tion verschwinden«, klagt der Journalist Nicholas Carr. Den prähistorischen Jägern und Sammlern, aus denen langsam Ackerbauern wurden, dürfte es ähnlich ergangen sein, die Jagdfertigkeiten gingen schlicht verloren. Man kann so etwas bedauern.

    Und nicht ohne Grund lässt sich fürchten, dass der hochtechnisierte Imperialismus nicht bloß Ramsch und Schrott produziert, sondern Chaos und Unvermögen erzeugt. Ein Verein freier Menschen, der nach wissenschaftlichen Einsichten plant und seinen Stoffwechsel mit der Natur regelt, hätte dagegen die Maschinen von den Fesseln bornierter Produktionsverhältnisse zu befreien, damit die sich revanchieren können.

    #technologie #progrès #capitalisme

  • #Quebec : Un système de santé qui rend malades ses soignants Texte collectif - 11 avril 2019 - Le devoir
    https://www.ledevoir.com/opinion/idees/551885/un-systeme-de-sante-qui-rend-malades-ses-soignants

    La chaîne de montage de l’usine de santé qu’ont mise en place nos gouvernements successifs menace très sérieusement de défaillir, car les ouvriers sont de plus en plus souffrants, abandonnant chaque jour l’usine pour partir en congé de maladie. Depuis la réforme de 2015, les heures liées aux congés de maladie des employés du réseau de la santé ont en effet augmenté de 24 %.


    Photo : Fred Dufour Agence France-Presse « Les valeurs et principes de la logique industrielle sont la plupart du temps en contradiction profonde avec les valeurs, les normes et même le code de déontologie des métiers relationnels », rappellent les auteurs.

    Le taux historique des congés de maladie met en lumière un aspect qui, selon nous, va bien au-delà d’une simple crise circonstancielle. La crise actuelle révèle plutôt un fossé abyssal entre les valeurs humanistes que portent et défendent les soignants et les valeurs de type industriel que le ministère et ses gestionnaires imposent avec une autorité machinale depuis plusieurs années.

    Pour le ministère et ses gestionnaires, le « bon » soignant, c’est celui maintenant qui voit le plus de personnes dans le moins de temps possible. Celui qui jadis prenait son temps auprès d’une mère, d’une famille ou d’une personne âgée est aujourd’hui devenu le « bouc émissaire » de la nouvelle gestion publique. C’est ainsi que la logique comptable vient à la fois dévaluer et amputer le temps nécessaire à la réalisation de plusieurs pratiques comme l’écoute, l’accueil et l’accompagnement.

    On voit bien comment cette situation ne peut qu’être préjudiciable pour la population. Quant aux soignants, cette nouvelle norme du « bon » soignant occasionne chez eux de la colère et un sentiment d’impuissance.

    Le délire de la technocratie
    Le temps qu’exige l’administratif est en voie de d’égaliser le temps consacré à la population. À titre d’exemple, actuellement, une demande d’hébergement en santé mentale dans le réseau public exige de remplir un questionnaire de 60 pages et plus, alors que moins de 8 pages suffisaient dans les années 2000.

    Paradoxalement, alors que ces outils sont censés mieux desservir la population, jamais tels outils n’ont autant éloigné les soignants de la population. En fait, l’intensification des exigences technico-administratives est rendue à un point tel, en matière de quantité et de complexité, que l’ensemble du personnel de soutien aux soignants est maintenant mobilisé à la gestion des procédures technico-administratives. Conséquemment, non seulement les soignants ont de moins en moins de temps pour être auprès de la population, mais ils sont aussi de moins en moins aidés pour gérer les impasses cliniques qu’ils rencontrent dans leur travail.

    Crise des valeurs et perte de sens
    La rentabilité, la performance, l’optimisation, la concurrence et la compétition représentent autant de valeurs que de principes issus de la logique industrielle où la performance et les résultats sont évalués strictement en termes comptables. Or, ces valeurs et ces principes sont la plupart du temps en contradiction profonde avec les valeurs, les normes et même le code de déontologie des métiers relationnels. Chemin faisant, l’évaluation comptable de la performance comme nouvelle norme institutionnelle engendre chez les soignants un sentiment de culpabilité, d’incompétence et une de perte de sens dans ce qu’ils font.

    Prendre un congé de maladie
    Enfin, pour faire face à la détresse des soignants, l’institution propose de revoir leur gestion du temps et du stress, et on les réfère vers les programmes d’aide aux employés (PAE). Aussi nécessaires et aidantes soient-elles, ces solutions individuelles révèlent le déni institutionnel des causes structurelles qui sont, croyons-nous, à la source de la souffrance qui assaille actuellement des milliers de soignants.

    Étant incapables de surmonter le conflit entre leurs valeurs humanistes et celles imposées par le monde industriel d’un côté, et incapables, de l’autre côté, de se résigner à quitter le réseau de la santé, les soignants finissent en effet par tomber malades du fait de leur souffrance inédite et n’ont d’autre choix que de partir en congé de maladie.

    L’espoir d’un rétablissement ?
    L’étiquette psychologique de « résistance au changement » comme explication causale de la hausse des congés de maladie des soignants ne tient pas la route. Il y a beaucoup trop de recoupage dans les témoignages des soignants pour réduire cette souffrance aux dimensions individuelles. Mettre en valeur les solutions organisationnelles ne peut qu’ouvrir la voie, selon nous, au rétablissement des milliers de soignants « partis » en congé de maladie.

    La société québécoise doit donc exiger que le ministère s’engage à désintoxiquer les pratiques soignantes de la logique comptable et du délire chronique de la technocratie institutionnelle afin que les soignants puissent être libérés de leur fardeau et retourner ainsi faire dignement leur travail auprès de la population.

    Sont cosignataires du texte :
    Marjolaine Goudreau, présidente du RECIFS (Association des travailleuses sociales et techniciennes en travail social) ; Natalie Stake-Doucet, présidente de l’Association québécoise des infirmières et infirmiers ; Isabelle Leblanc, présidente des médecins québécois pour le régime public ; Charles Roy, président de l’Association des psychologues du Québec ; Angelo Soares, professeur au Département d’organisation et ressources humaines de l’École des sciences de la gestion à l’Université du Québec à Montréal.

    #travail #santé #capitalisme fausse #rentabilité #médecine #santé_publique #humanité #rendement #technico-administratif #procédures #performance #évaluation_comptable #normes #soignantes #soignants #solutions_organisationnelles #délire #Services_publics #technologie #bureaucratie #néolibéralisme #administration

    • Dans les commentaires
      Comme on ferme des établissements, on en fusionne d’autres jusqu’à devenir ces monstres régionaux CISSS et CIUSSS, il faut de plus en plus de mécanismes de reddition de comptes : la gestion de proximité étant rendue très difficile, il faut introduire toujours plus de processus écrits, informatisés pour tout justifier, monitorer, calculer pour que les gestionnaires de haut niveau aient des tableaux de bord qui orienteront leurs décisions.

      Les intervenants de toute catégorie doivent passer un temps considérable à consigner ce qu’ils font pour que soient comptabilisées leurs actions et qu’on puisse en établir la productivité, les coûts-bénéfices. On a beau démoniser de temps à autres les cadres (trop nombreux, trop cher payés disent-ils) de fait, c’est la pensée gestionnaire qu’on a fait triompher depuis des années. Les professionnels, techniciens et employés de tous corps de métier sont à la merci depuis des décennies des vagues de ré-organisations à petite oun grande échelle que la nouvelle école de pensée en gestion fait mettre en chantier. Même si un certain nombre de gestionnaires ont d’abord été des professionnels de la santé ou des services sociaux, ils sont vite invités à se distancer de leur métier de base pour devenir de « vrais » gestionnaires. Hélas, la relation soignante n’entre pas dans leurs paramètres... Désolant état, ce réseau muselé.

    • C’est la « nouvelle gestion publique » qui fait des ravages. De fausses prémisses pour encourager la concurrence entre individus d’une même organisation.

      Ça commence par de la #pseudo-science : l’« autonomisation » (« #empowerment »). C’est le nirvana pour un #gestionnaire (qui trouve ça « très le fun » de ne plus se sentir « responsable », car, c’est les autres, maintenant). Autre pseudo-science, celle du « #savoir-être », autre #canular dérivé de l’intelligence émotionnelle (fabuleuse découverte ! Il faut entendre les cris d’indignation : ce n’est pas vrai, ça existe le « savoir-être » !), alors, les gens médiocres ont du « savoir-être ».

      Il y a, aussi la « #gouvernance » ! Il faut faire confiance à l’imagination pour que ce terme se retrouve dans la bouche du « gestionnaire » qui se gargarise avec.

      En résumé, la gestion, dans les dernières décennies on envahit de très vastes aspects du fonctionnement d’une organisation (avec l’aide des « #RH ») avec de la speudo-science. À l’aide de principe de la « nouvelle gestion publique », qui relève plus de la religion : « un scrum, ça se fait debout » (si vous dites que non, vous êtes « excomunié »). La gestion glane des informations avec lesquels elle « découvre » des « correlations » et appel cela des « #indicateurs » et « gouverne » dernière un écran (en sachant que les employés s’« autogérent » !?!?).

      Des solutions ? Retrouver le sens du « savoir-faire » (celui-ci est plus facilement « mesurable » que le « savoir-être », en cela, qu’un défi vous est lancé de trouver comment mesurer le « savoir-être »), retirer le regroupement professionnel RH. Instruire au lieu de former. Enseigner l’esprit critique au lieu de donnée des cours de finance.

      Si vous n’êtes pas d’accord avec la gestion, vous êtes déloyale, vous faites preuve d’insubordination. Vous êtes des hérétiques