Generating a Useful Theory of Software Engineering [pdf]
Global publishing giant wins $15 million damages against researcher for sharing publicly-funded knowledge | Privacy Online News
The court awarded $15 million damages to the scientific publisher on the basis of 100 articles published by #Elsevier that had been made available without permission on Sci-Hub and a similar site called LibGen. At the time of writing, Sci-Hub claims to hold 62 million scientific research papers – probably a majority of all those ever published – most of which are unauthorized copies. According to a report in the scientific journal Science last year, it is Elsevier which is most affected by #Sci-Hub’s activities:
The fact that a global academic publishing company could be awarded millions in damages against someone trying to help other scientists to spread and access publicly-funded knowledge – exactly as science is supposed to work – is an indication of how broken copyright is today. Until that massive problem is fixed, Sci-Hub will remain what one leading academic called a “necessary, effective civil disobedience“.
And the link it points out in last quote. ▻http://bjoern.brembs.net/2016/02/sci-hub-as-necessary-effective-civil-disobedience
Sci-Hub provides access to nearly all scholarly literature
The website Sci-Hub provides access to scholarly literature via full text PDF downloads. The site enables users to access articles that would otherwise be paywalled. Since its creation in 2011, Sci-Hub has grown rapidly in popularity. However, until now, the extent of Sci-Hub’s coverage was unclear. As of March 2017, we find that Sci-Hub’s database contains 68.9% of all 81.6 million scholarly articles, which rises to 85.2% for those published in closed access journals. Furthermore, Sci-Hub contains 77.0% of the 5.2 million articles published by inactive journals. Coverage varies by discipline, with 92.8% coverage of articles in chemistry journals compared to 76.3% for computer science. Coverage also varies by publisher, with the coverage of the largest publisher, Elsevier, at 97.3%. Our interactive browser at ▻https://greenelab.github.io/scihub allows users to explore these findings in more detail. Finally, we estimate that over a six-month period in 2015–2016, Sci-Hub provided access for 99.3% of valid incoming requests. Hence, the scope of this resource suggests the subscription publishing model is becoming unsustainable. For the first time, the overwhelming majority of scholarly literature is available gratis to anyone with an Internet connection.
Sci-Hub’s cache of pirated papers is so big, subscription journals are doomed, data analyst suggests
There is no doubt that Sci-Hub, the infamous—and, according to a U.S. court, illegal—online repository of pirated research papers, is enormously popular. (See Science’s investigation last year of who is downloading papers from Sci-Hub.) But just how enormous is its repository? That is the question biodata scientist Daniel Himmelstein at the University of Pennsylvania and colleagues recently set out to answer, after an assist from Sci-Hub.►http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/sci-hub-s-cache-pirated-papers-so-big-subscription-journals-are-doomed-d
A pirating service for academic journal articles could bring down the whole establishment
The subscription fees charged by academic publishers have risen so high in recent years that even wealthy American universities have said they can’t afford them. When Harvard Library reported its subscription costs had reached $3.5 million per year in a 2012 memo, for example, it said the fees were “fiscally unsustainable,” and the university asked its faculty to stop publishing research in journals that keep articles behind paywalls.
Making So Fi, a sociological fiction zine | Blog | The Sociological Review
So Fi, a sociological fiction zine, launched on June 24 2017 online and at the London Radical Bookfair. This zine brings together 21 sociologically-imaginative short stories from writers around the world. You can read the zine online at ▻https://sofizine.wordpress.com.
très joli et on peut télécharger un PDF spécial qu’on imprime et qui aura les pages dans le bon ordre
Archive of the Digitized Issues of ’Soviet Photo’ - Bird In Flight
Une véritable mine.
437 issues of the most popular Soviet magazine about photography, which was published since 1926.
A collection of digitized issues of Soviet Photo magazine, which was published in the USSR between 1926 and 1997 (since 1992, it was titled ‘Photography’), was published on Archive.org. Most of the issues are available for viewing and downloading in several popular formats, such as PDF and EPub.
There are 437 issues in the entire archive. Among other things, they have articles about photoshooting techniques and the perspectives of development of photography, advice about making a photo report or organizing an exhibition, as well as numerous examples of photographs in different genres — from portrait shoots to street photography.
J’aimerai être payé pour ne faire que du seenthis toute la journée...
Moui... moi pas trop, je préfère quand je fais autre chose à quoi ce que j’ai appris et qui j’ai rencontré sur Seenthis contribue, ou revenir d’un boulot avec cet endroit pour discuter et retrouver d’autres choses. La vie est mieux avec Seenthis et son contraire, les deux allant de pair pour mieux apprécier le premier.
Kasper Opstrup: The Way Out: Invisible Insurrections and Radical Imaginaries in the UK Underground, 1961-1991 (2017)
““A counterculture history of art and experimental politics that turns the world inside out
The Way Out examines the radical political and hedonist imaginaries of the experimental fringes of the UK Underground from 1961 to 1991. By examining the relations between collective and collaborative practices with an explicit agenda of cultural revolution, Kasper Opstrup charts a hidden history of experiments with cultural engineering, expanding current discussions of art, medias, politics, radical education and the occult revival. Even though the theatres of operation have changed with the rise of the Internet and a globalised finance economy, these imaginaries still raise questions that speak directly to the present.
Here we encounter a series of figures – including Alexander Trocchi, R. D. Laing, Joseph Berke, Brion Gysin, William Burroughs and Genesis P-Orridge – that blurred the lines between inner and outer, the invisible and the material. Four singular forms of speculative techniques for igniting an invisible insurrection with cultural means make up the central case studies: the sigma project, London Anti-University, Academy 23 and thee Temple ov Psychick Youth.
Contained within these imaginaries is a new type of action university: a communal affair that would improvise a new type of social relation into existence by de-programming and de-conditioning us without any blueprints for the future besides to make it happen. Instead of being turned upside down, the world was to be changed from the inside out.””
Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2017 | The World Bank
Et voici le nouvel atlas de la Worldbank.
Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2017
From World Development Indicators
The Atlas is built around World Development Indicators 2017 — the World Bank’s compilation of statistics from over 200 economies about global development and the quality of people’s lives. For each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, selected indicators have been identified and visualized to analyze trends and challenges, and to stimulate discussion on measurement issues. You can browse the Atlas online here, or download it as a PDF. It is accompanied by interactive dashboards of SDG data and all the underlying data is available in the World Development Indicators database.
Peace journalism handbook
Bianet released a handbook on Peace-Journalism, proposing a professional model that is human rights-oriented, fair instead than “objective” and infused with feminist theory
#paix #journalisme #presse #manuel #médias #féminisme #droits_humains
cc @albertocampiphoto @marty @daphne
« Virus Bulletin 2016 : Great crypto failures »
by Ben Herzog & Yaniv Balmas
A very funny (and useful) paper about some famous programming errors in the cryptographic parts of some malwares. The bad guys make bugs, too.
The Manchester Bombing as Blowback: The latest evidence
“A Briefing by Mark Curtis and Nafeez Ahmed
3 June 2017
(This briefing will be updated as more evidence emerges. Sources are overwhelmingly from mainstream media, except where clearly stated).
A PDF version of this briefing is available here
The evidence suggests that the barbaric Manchester bombing, which killed 22 innocent people on May 22nd, is a case of blowback on British citizens arising at least partly from the overt and covert actions of British governments. The British state therefore has a serious case to answer. We focus primarily here on UK policies towards Libya but also touch on some of those related to Iraq and Syria.”
Challenge mounted to Court judgment on opposing access to the documents concerning the EU-Turkey deal of 18 March 2016
On 28 February 2017 the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) rejected three applicants’ cases requesting access to the documents held by the Council of the European Union concerning the EU-Turkey deal of 18 March 2016. The Court argued that:
“the three actions as inadmissible on the grounds of lack of jurisdiction. In particular, the General Court held that the EU-Turkey Statement did not relate to an act of the
European Council nor of any other body, office or agency of the Union and hence that the actions fell outside the Court’s jurisdiction.” [LIMITE doc no: 9148-17, pdf) [emphasis added]
Yvonne P. Doderer
Gender Relations and Other Issues in Urban Development
of the Twenty-First Century
fichier pdf ici : nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0009-dppl-v3-en8
In the twenty-first century, the majority of people are living in cities—at least this is the credo communicated frequently. This statement has been strengthened by the “urban renaissance” that dawned at the beginning of the twenty-first century and by a globally evident increase in capital investment in urban-development projects. Such planning endeavors are conveyed to the public, the political sphere, and the media with the help of Internet platforms. The visualizations and descriptions found on such project websites are associated with promises of modernization, appeal, and economic growth—in short, with a better life.
In this publication, images and texts from 12 projects planned for Europe, Africa, and Asia are surveyed critically: What do they “tell” about future life in these new urban districts? Who will live and work in these cities? Which forms of living and lifestyles are propagated? And most importantly: How do these designs relate to actual urban reality, including that of the inhabitants to whom the projects are addressed?
Written in a comprehensible way, supplemented by illustrations and photographs, this in-depth analysis sensitizes the reader to the interconnections between urban-space production and societal (gender) relations.
The return of a Shia-order in the Middle East ? | Politics | Al Jazeera
Too much emphasis on the narrative of the “return” of the “historically marginalised Shia communities”, however, risks overshadowing the living experience of a region in which religious boundaries were, for most of its history, shifting, blurred, and ambiguous.
Despite what the ongoing debates would seem to imply, Sunnis and Shias, but also Christians, Jews and other religious groups or confessions have in fact lived for centuries in the region, reaching a level of coexistence - a concept that does not erase the existence of boundaries but implicitly acknowledges that such boundaries are negotiable - higher than any registered in most of the rest of the world, Europe included.
This should not suggest that communal conflict was historically unknown. As this article also confirms, instances of Sunni-Shia violence have been documented as early as the Middle Ages. Yet, they don’t mirror the actual history of most of the region’s past (pdf). More importantly, their nature and scope are hardly comparable to more recent times.
Linda Nochlin Why have there been no Great Women Artists.pdf
WHY HAVE THERE BEEN NO GREAT WOMEN ARTISTS?*
By Linda Nochlin
Linda Nochlin, professor of art history at Vassar College, recently published a major text on realism (Penguin). Her specialty is Courbet and nineteenth century French art, but she has written on a range of subjects from Grunewald to modern art.
Sociologie du travail joins Revues.org and chooses Open Access
“The journal Sociologie du travail has terminated the contract it has had with Elsevier since 1999 and is moving to a fully digital form of Open Access on Revues.org.
Issue 59, Volume 1 of Sociologie du travail, entitled “Les syndicats face aux transformations du secteur public”, has just been published on Revues.org. The journal has also been given a makeover. This is a twofold turning point for the journal, which is both breaking with restricted access distribution on Elsevier and switching from print to digital. For Didier Demazière, author of this issue’s editorial, the change “signals a rupture with an international publisher contested for its exorbitant fees and positions the journal in the movement for open access to scientific articles”.
“The arrival of Sociologie du travail on OpenEdition is an important event in our eyes”, observes Marin Dacos, director of the Centre for Open Electronic Publishing (Cléo), which runs OpenEdition. “This is a journal that is an authority in its field and which is joining us and deciding to leave Elsevier, a publishing magnate that for 30 years has contributed to making libraries’ acquisitions budgets skyrocket. We are proud to help it choose open access and to offer it international visibility on OpenEdition.”
The journal has chosen to be published on Revues.org using the Freemium programme, with the HTML format of texts accessible to all readers and the PDF and ePub formats reserved to users affiliated to subscribing libraries and institutions. This formula enables journals to enjoy greater visibility in university networks, while also generating income.”
The malware/worm is causing disruptions at banks, hospitals, telecommunications services, train stations, and other mission-critical organisations in multiple countries, including the UK, Spain, Germany, and Turkey. Telefonica, FedEx, and the UK government’s National Health Service (NHS) have been hit. Operations were cancelled, x-rays, test results and patient records became unavailable and phones did not work.
The ransomware completely encrypts all your files and render them unusable. They ask you to pay some money to get the decryption key. ($300 to $600 worth in bitcoins). Paying does not guarantee you will get a decryption key though.
The malware spreads through social engineering e-mails.
Be careful with any attachments you receive from unknown sources (and even known sources). Make sure the files are sent intentionally.
Watch out for .pdf or .hta files, or links received via e-mail that point to .pdf or .hta files.
More than 45.000 computers worldwide have already been infected, but there appears to be a kill switch, i.e. a way to stop its spreading.
As one of the first operations, the malware tries to connect to the website www.iuqerfsodp9ifjaposdfjhgosurijfaewrwergwea.com. It doesn’t actually download anything there, just tries to connect. If the connection succeeds, the program terminates.
This can be seen as a kind of kill switch provision, or perhaps it had some particular reason. Whichever it is, the domain has now been sinkholed and the host in question now resolves to an IP address that hosts a website. Therefore, nothing will happen on any new systems that runs the malware. This will of course not help anyone already infected.
Microsoft has released a patch to block the malware on Windows machines:
It is important to apply the patch because other variants of the malware can exploit the same vulnerability and/or use a different domain name check.
Nice technical analysis of the worm:
And more technical info about the worm itself: (careful)
En français :
et pour les moins techniques :
Les « rançongiciels » (« ransomware » en anglais) promettent de libérer vos données contre le paiement d’une rançon. Quelques conseils pour se prémunir contre ce type d’attaques ou y faire face.
As expected, new variants have arrived which no longer have the “kill swich” bypass.
The amount of infected machines has reached 200.000 now.
Hackers are trying to reignite WannaCry with botnet attacks
As WannaCry went to sleep by registering a certain domain and putting a live web server on that IP (kill switch), hackers now try to bring down that web server so that the WannaCry infected machines would wake up again
Supposedly, it is possible to get decryption keys without paying the ransom - provided you didn’t reboot your windows machine.
IBTimes UK earlier reported how French cybersecurity researcher Adrien Guinet, from Quarkslab, released a decrypting tool that allowed only Windows XP users to recover their data. Guinet’s work was advanced by internationally acclaimed ethical hacker Benjamin Delpy who exploited the shortcomings of WannaCry and used it to create a tool called WanaKiwi that produces a decryption key for Windows XP, 7, 2003, 2008 and possibly Vista.
French ethical hacker and co-founder of CloudVolumes, Matt Suiche confirmed that WanaKiwi has been tested and shown to work on Windows 7 and older Windows versions like XP, 2003 and more. Europe also tweeted confirming they were able to use the tool for decryption.
How it works
While WannaKey extracted prime numbers that had not been erased from the system and were vital to the decryption key, it required a separate app to transform those bits into the secret key. WanaKiwi scours the memory of the infected systems, extracts the p and q variables the secret key was based on, and reassembles the finished key all by itself. The tool then uses the key to decrypt all files locked by the WannaCry ransomware.
The WanaKiwi decryption tool:
L’association cartographique internationale publie les poster sur les objectifs de développement durable (c’était exposé dans les coulois de l’ONU à New York).
Les posters eux mêmes sont assez « classiques/conventionnels », pas très créatifs, mais contiennent beaucoup d’informations intéressantes et des idées pour imaginer d’autres représentations visuelles.
Tous les posters disponibles ici n format pdf :
Dispo aussi séparément en HD.
Avec des cartes un peu comme @odilon mais celles d@odilon sont nettement mieux :)
Maps and Sustainable Development Goals International Cartographic Association
Maps and Sustainable Development Goals
In the light of the International Map Year (IMY), the ICA and its commissions are highlighting the value of cartography by “mapping” the UN sustainable development goals.
The sustainable development goals and their targets can be mapped based on the indicators. ICA’s Commissions have mapped each of the goals from their particular perspective. The resulting poster collection gives an overview of the strength of cartography. It is telling the story of cartographic diversity, of mapping options and of multiple map perspectives.
Feel free to download the posters and the catalog to create your own exhibition. A click on the goals opens previews of the posters.
White Collar Crime Risk Zones uses machine learning to predict where financial crimes will happen across the U.S. The system was trained on incidents of financial malfeasance from 1964 to the present day, collected from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), a non-governmental organization that regulates financial firms.
Mixed migration in the Horn of Africa and Yemen Region
#cartographie #visualisation #mixed_migration #Corne_de_l'Afrique #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Yémen #Mer_Rouge
Russia ’furious’ with Assad over gas attack
WASHINGTON — Privately, Russian officials are furious with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad for a suspected April 4 chemical weapons attack in Idlib province that killed over 80 people, Russia analysts said. They see it as threatening to sabotage the potential for US-Russia rapprochement ahead of US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s first visit to Moscow this week.
Syria’s alleged chemical weapons attack in Idlib province has threatened to sabotage potential US-Russia rapprochement, and Russia is privately furious with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
Author Laura Rozen Posted April 10, 2017
But Russia is also confused by what it perceives as contradictory statements from various top Trump Cabinet officials on whether US policy is shifting to demand Assad’s ouster, to what degree does the United States think Russia is culpable for Assad’s behavior, and more broadly, who from the administration speaks for Donald Trump, they said.
“Assad committed suicide here,” Michael Kofman, a Russia military expert with the Kennan Institute, told Al-Monitor in an interview April 10. Russia “will never forgive him for this.”
The suspected April 4 nerve gas attack on rebel-held Khan Sheikhoun that killed over 80 people, many of them children, “is a complete disaster” for Russia, Kofman said. “It destroyed the legacy of the 2013 deal [to remove Syria’s chemical weapons] that both countries [the United States and Russia] certified. So it made liars of both of us.”
He noted, “It provided all the ammunition to sabotage rapprochement between the United States and Russia. Look at the atmospherics. It caused public embarrassment. [Russian President Vladimir] Putin has to swallow US cruise missile strikes. Notice he has not defended Assad. It looks bad for Russia.”
Kofman added, “It demonstrates … in terms of Putin being a power broker … that the Russian role is very aspirational. It prevented him from doing this.”
“The Russians weren’t happy about what happened,” Nikolas Gvosdev, a Russia expert and professor at the US Naval War College, told Al-Monitor, referring to the April 4 chemical weapons attack. “They don’t like unpredictability … when things happen that throw what they are planning off course.”
“The Russians don’t like to be surprised,” Gvosdev added. “They don’t like … [to be made to] look like they can’t enforce agreements or don’t have as much influence over Assad as they were suggesting.”
Trump discussed Syria during a phone call with British Prime Minister Theresa May on April 10, and according to the British readout, the two leaders said they saw an opportunity to press Russia to break its alliance with Assad.❞
#Russie #Syrie #armeschimiques
@biggrizzly Oui ce qui est tendancieux, car ils appartiennent l’Institut Kennan de Mr Kennan qui a organisé le containment de l’Urss depuis le début de la guerre froide. Il vaux mieux passer par d’autres sources pour avoir l’avis réel des russes et mieux pour lire entre les lignes de cette affaire qui ressemble à un « casus belli » comme en 2013 ! Pour ceux que ça interesse les mensonges d’Eliot Higgins et Daniel Kaszta sur le présumé « smocking gun » contre Assad lors d’un tir de « gaz sarin » dont on sait que ce sont les djihadistes les vrais responsables : ▻https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1B_DCeZ6N6OTlRpMFAtV1VEZGM/view
Tant qu’on est dans les mensonges pour appuyer une nouvelle guerre, repensons a Collin Powel et sa fiole d’Anthrax dont on sait maintenant que les CIA et FBI étaient derrière l’intox :
Et dès 1982 les Usa dont la DIA avait le projet d’attaque la Syrie laique des Assad en se servant des Frères Musulmans comme chair à canon pour créer une guerre religieuse et ethnique :
Exactement ce qui se passe à l’heure actuelle ...
Sur France inter à 19h réquisitoire assez convaincant contre la Russie ; puis on passe à la situation du Yémen, où « la violence de la guerre » et « la famine » menacent des centaines de milliers de personnes. Là par contre je n’ai pas entendu les mots « Arabie saoudite » ou « États-Unis ». C’est juste « la guerre » qui est mise en cause.
Exposed: abuses of migrants by state officials on Europe’s borders
Violence, brutality and unlawful treatment by authorities on the Western Balkan route are a frequent occurrence, claim refugees and other migrants in a new NGO report revealed today. People fleeing war, persecution and poverty describe beatings, robbery and inhuman treatment at the hands of police, border guards and other officials. In many cases, people tell of illegal deportations with state agents denying access to asylum procedures for those seeking international protection.
#frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #violence #brutalité #Croatie #rapport #hongrie #bulgarie #serbie
A crisis of protection and safe passage: violence experienced by migrants/refugees travelling along the Western Balkan corridor to Northern Europe
Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma.
#rapport #santé_mentale #santé #trauma #traumatisme #violence #route_des_balkans #statistiques #chiffres
Welcome to refugee purgatory on the Hungary border
Thousands of migrants and refugees trying to reach northern Europe have become trapped in Serbia since neighbouring countries sealed their borders in early 2016. After months of living in squalid conditions in abandoned buildings or overcrowded reception centres, many attempt to cross into Hungary. Few succeed.
A deadly journey for children: The migration route from North Africa to Europe
NEW YORK/GENEVA, 28 February 2017 – Refugee and migrant children and women are routinely suffering sexual violence, exploitation, abuse and detention along the Central Mediterranean migration route from North Africa to Italy, UNICEF warned in a new report.
Pour télécharger le pdf:
#rapport #méditerranée #asile #migrations #réfugiés #enfants #enfance #mineurs #parcours_migratoires #itinéraire_migratoire #Italie #Afrique_du_Nord #Sahel #Sahara #Afrique #Libye #détention_administrative #rétention #smugglers #passeurs #trafic_d'êtres_humains
Allows editing of web page content while in Print Preview mode, prior to printing or saving as HTML or PDF. Compacts the layout and removes unwanted content such as adverts, sidebars and blank pages. Any element can be formatted, hidden or deleted.
Le fichier pdf du livre d’#otto_neurath "International Picture language, the first rules of Isotype
Le site n’est pas du tout sexy, mais j’ai l’impression que les recherches sont de bonne qualité et il y a plein de données...
Avec une carte ici :
Une carte sur l’obésité à #Londres :
J’ai découvert le site via la mailing-list Crit geo forum, avec ce commentaire :
Those interested in food and social justice may see a nice irony in comparing these two maps.
1) Map of the best quality agricultural soil in the UK, the best, Grade One, is heavily present around The Wash area of Eastern England
▻http://publications.naturalengland.org.uk/publication/6172638548328448 and click on pdf link
2) MSOA level obesity map, extract for East Anglia, Wash, Lincolnshire area. Available at www.fooddeserts.org, section 8, bottom of page. Red is the most obese decile, followed by pink, orange, yellow.... Silver is the least obese declie, followed by purple, dark blue, light blue, green....
In other words, the areas where the UK’s fruit and veg industry is most productive is where there is most obesity. We don’t pay the people who actually produce our 5-a-day enough to benefit from the health effects of 5-a-day. Nor do we pay the people who sell them to us enough to benefit from them, in the towns. To have a good diet you need to live in the areas where fresh produce is largely neither produced nor sold, the wealthy peri-urban regions just outside the main urban areas.
By the way, voici le livre publié par la personne qui a écrit le commentaire sur crit geo forum:
The Consuming Geographies of Food: Diet, Food Deserts and Obesity by Hillary J. Shaw, Routledge, London and New York, 2014