technology:pdf

  • #eos: An Architectural, Performance, and Economic Analysis
    https://hackernoon.com/eos-an-architectural-performance-and-economic-analysis-43a466064712?sour

    The following research was conducted by the Whiteblock team. The report was written by Zak Cole, Brent Xu, Dhruv Luthra, and Nate Blakely. Download a PDF of the complete report here.Abstract: The EOS system presents a platform for smart contract development and decentralized storage in attempt to address the common scalability issues found in popular blockchain systems such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Through its implementation of delegated Proof-of-Stake (dPoS) consensus and an architectural design focused on parallel processing and full-duplex communication, the EOS system attempts to provide a decentralized application development environment which offers high transactional throughput. Since the public release of the EOS mainnet, multiple parties have speculated and made claims of the (...)

    #eos-architecture #blockchain-technology #eos-blockchain #eos-economics-analysis


  • Tired of bookmarking pages? Scrap it instead …
    https://hackernoon.com/tired-of-bookmarking-pages-scrap-it-instead-b398622f77d?source=rss----3a

    Tired of bookmarking webpages? Scrap it instead …I am guilty of bookmarking a ton of tutorials but never opening them again. I am one of those who prefer a pdf version or a book over a mountain of web pages as bookmarks or tabs stored in OneTab.I was refreshing my Operating Systems concepts recently from my favorite site https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/operating-systems/.Though I loved learning OS, what I didn’t like was having to open weblinks one after other according to the topic. I wanted to have all the content of the pages as a single file for my perusal. Following that was my attempt at automating the process of ‘extracting text from websites’ aka web scraping. The use cases for web scraping are limitless. Like checking for flight fares, monitoring the stock prices, product prices (...)

    #python #programming #web-development #software-development #web-scraping


  • « Mapping Cities » https://freakonometrics.hypotheses.org/55286

    inspire par la lecture de deux livres fascinants,

    We will take up here the two major historical turning points, mentioned in Söderström (1996), based on two recent works: the representation of Rome at the beginning of the Renaissance, and the first iconographic plans, described in Maier (2015), and the “social” or “health” maps of London of Victorian civil servants, described in Vaughan (2018).



  • Torture et persécution : la face sombre de l’Autorité palestinienne et du Hamas
    L’ONG Human Rights Watch dénonce le climat de violence, de répression et d’impunité instauré en Cisjordanie et à Gaza.
    LE MONDE | 23.10.2018 | Par Piotr Smolar (Jérusalem, correspondant)
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2018/10/23/un-rapport-denonce-la-pratique-systematique-de-la-torture-par-les-forces-de-

    « Nous allons te dévorer. » C’est la phrase qu’entendit le journaliste Sami As-Sai, en février 2017, peu après son transfert dans les locaux des services de renseignement de l’Autorité palestinienne (AP), à Jéricho. Interrogé sur ses liens supposés avec le Hamas, Sami As-Saï a été traîné avec une corde, les mains attachées, dans un couloir. Les policiers ont accroché la corde à une porte avant de la pousser lentement, pour étirer les membres. Il s’est évanoui. A son réveil, il a été frappé à la plante des pieds une vingtaine de fois. La douleur était si forte qu’après avoir été conduit aux toilettes, il n’était plus capable de remonter son pantalon seul.

    Lors d’un autre interrogatoire, il a été menotté dans le dos, puis suspendu ainsi au plafond. Les policiers ont menacé de l’accuser publiquement d’adultère, de l’empêcher de revoir son son fils de 10 ans, gravement malade. Au bout de treize jours de détention, Sami As-Sai a plaidé coupable pour « incitation au conflit sectaire » et « blanchiment ». La peine prononcée de quinze mois fut ramenée à trois, puis supprimée, dès lors que l’accusé accepta de payer une simple amende. Il a donc été remis en liberté à la fin de sa garde à vue. (...)

    • On compte à peu près 6000 prisonniers palestiniens dans les prisons israéliennes, un compte tenu régulièrement à jour par l’association Addameer :
      http://www.addameer.org

      On n’a en revanche à ma connaissance aucun chiffre sur le nombre de détenus par l’Autorité Palestinienne.

      Dans ce rapport de HRW, le Hamas reconnaît 4071 détenus dans les prisons de #Gaza.

      Aucune info sur la #Cisjordanie, sauf sur les cas d’atteinte à la liberté d’expression politique (manifestations, réseaux sociaux, journalistes, étudiants...) sur lesquels ce rapport insiste, à savoir les détentions préventives, les détentions administratives, et celles liées aux services de sécurité. Les chiffres tournent entre 100 et 500 personnes concernées, donc probablement loin du nombre total de détenus... Où trouver cette info ?

    • Palestinian Cabinet vows to investigate HRW report findings
      Oct. 25, 2018 1:49 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 25, 2018 3:52 P.M.)
      http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=781589

      RAMALLAH (Ma’an) — The Palestinian Cabinet, headed by Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, reviewed, during its weekly meeting on Wednesday, the latest Human Rights Watch (HRW) report, regarding the situation of human rights in Palestine, and vowed to investigate its findings and recommendations in cooperation with all related parties and authorities.

      In a statement issued following the meeting, the cabinet approved the formation of a ministerial committee to lead discussions related to the Social Security Law, welcomed the visit of the Chinese Vice-President and the meetings of the joint Palestinian-Turkish ministerial committee.

      During the meeting, Hamdallah stated that “The State of Palestine, the democratic state, the state of law and institution-building, and the responsible member in the international community, is committed to its obligations and is making great efforts to comply with the standards of international human rights.”

      “The State of Palestine positively considers that the law enforcement agencies within the State must respect and protect human rights, in accordance with our beliefs in the value of human beings and our responsibility for preserving the human dignity.” (...)

    • Gaza interior ministry criticises HRW’s report on torture
      October 25, 2018 at 11:30 am
      https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20181025-gaza-interior-ministry-criticises-hrws-report-on-torture

      The Palestinian Ministry of Interior and National Security accused Human Rights Watch of ignoring the reality and facts about the situation of freedoms in the Gaza Strip.

      “With great concern, we followed up the report issued by Human Rights Watch (HRW) on October 23, 2018, that included allegations against the Security Forces in the Gaza Strip accusing them of repressing dissent,” the ministry said.

      The ministry stressed that the HRW’s report “lacks accuracy and objectivity and does not reflect reality” in the Gaza Strip.

      In a statement, the ministry said that the it had “received some inquiries” from HRW “on issues related to freedoms in the Gaza Strip,” stating that the organisation “asked about certain persons who were being allegedly arrested in the Gaza Strip.”

      The ministry “clarified and elaborated all issues, explaining the grounds of all the cases in question,” stating that it was “shocked” because the organisation “ignored our explanations”.

      Meanwhile, the ministry said that it sent another message to the organisation on 22 October asking why its reply was ignored, but it received no response.

      The ministry reiterated that it maintains continuous contact with the different human rights groups, including the International Committee for the Red Cross and visit its jails and meet those held in custody.

      “We do protect the Palestinian citizens and implement the Basic Palestinian law in terms of freedom of expression and prisoners’ rights,” the ministry added.


  • UN experts: concern over EU’s attempts to seal borders, close protection space and disregard human rights and humanitarianism

    In September eight UN working groups, independent experts and special rapporteurs issued a statement highlighting serious concerns over the ongoing attempts to reform the EU’s migration and asylum systems. Their paper was addressed to the informal summit of EU heads of state and government in Salzburg in September, but remains relevant given the ongoing discussions in the EU on the Common European Asylum System and revamping of EU agencies such as Frontex and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO).

    The document was signed by the UN’s Working Group on Arbitrary Detention; Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances; Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders; Independent Expert on human rights and international solidarity; Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants; Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; and Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children.

    See: Joint communication of Special Procedures ahead of the informal summit of EU heads of state or government in Salzburg on 19-20 September 2018 (OL OTH 64/2018, 18 September 2018, pdf): http://www.statewatch.org/news/2018/oct/un-joint-communication-eu-migration-asylum-proposals-18-9-18.pdf

    Selected quotes:

    "We would like to comment on three particular proposals elaborated by the European Commission based on the European Council’s conclusions, which are of utmost concern from a human rights perspective, namely: the creation of #regional_disembarkation_platforms, the establishment of controlled centres, and the strengthening of the border police and coast guard.

    ...Outsourcing responsibility of disembarkation to third countries, in particular those with weak protection systems, only increases the risk of #refoulement and other human rights violations. As similar models have shown elsewhere, external disembarkation and processing centres do not provide durable solutions and result in numerous grave human rights violations, including breaches of the non-refoulement obligation, torture and ill-treatment, confinement amounting to arbitrary or indefinite detention, and violations of the right to life. Furthermore, processes should be established to ensure that relevant actors be held to account if they fail to meet international standards.”

    -----

    “We are deeply concerned that in truth, the above-mentioned three proposals which are being discussed in the context of the reform of the common migration and asylum system are aimed at sealing borders, closing the protection space in Europe, and disregarding human rights principles and humanitarian concerns as central aspects at stake. Moreover, we are concerned that these measures are being proposed as a means to leverage political gain in response to the worrying rise of anti-migration and xenophobic hate speeches and stances, as reflected by increased acts and discourses of #violence and racism against migrants in various member States. In this respect, we urge the European Commission to lead efforts to counter negative anti-immigration discourses both at the political and social level in order to facilitate and improve the reception and integration of migrants in Europe.”

    -----

    “The EU and its member States should adopt a more thoughtful approach, and seek constructive, long-term, sustainable solutions, instead of adopting counterproductive and ineffective security policies which result in the criminalization and stigmatization of migrants.”

    -----

    “It is high time for the EU to accept the impossibility of sealing borders and the perverse incentives and paradoxes created by the current system, as well as the inevitability and added benefits of mobility. The EU must invest in the overall development of a coherent and robust migration policy that fully integrates the human rights of migrants as enshrined in both international and regional law. Measures intended to prevent migration, accelerate returns, and seal borders are not the solution, and only respond to misguided security concerns over the protection of migrants.”

    http://www.statewatch.org/news/2018/oct/un-sr-eu-migration.htm
    #ONU #fermeture_des_frontières #EU #UE #droits_humains #humanitarisme #Europe #réfugiés #asile #migrations #plateformes_de_désembarquement #contrôles_frontaliers #externalisation #push-back #droit_à_la_vie #hate_speech #xénophobie #racisme #mobilité #politique_migratoire
    ping @reka


  • Constant is looking for a colleague
    http://constantvzw.org/site/Constant-is-looking-for-a-colleague.html

    Constant is looking for a new colleague (f/x/m) to join the current core team one day a week as of February 1, 2019. Our new colleague helps to develop Constant’s work in the long term and is also committed to make daily activities happen. We can offer one-year contract with the possibility to extend and expand. Job offer in Dutch: vacature_nl.pdf

    In French: offredemploi_fr.pdf

    #About


  • The strategies of the coalition in the yeman War.
    Aerial bombardment and food war.
    PDF : https://sites.tufts.edu/wpf/files/2018/10/Strategies-of-Coalition-in-Yemen-War.pdf

    This report gives an overview not available elsewhere of the impact
    of the Coalition bombing campaign on food production and
    distribution in rural Yemen and on fishing along the Red Sea coast.
    The timing of its release appears opportune. Press coverage of this
    forgotten war has increased; there is some diplomatic and political
    movement; and the report on human rights violations during the
    Yemen war, prepared under the aegis of the Group of Eminent Experts, has been submitted to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.¹
    Warnings of the risk of mass starvation echo ever more shrilly.²
    It is high time that citizens, parliamentarians and civil organisations
    to do all they can to end a conflict now well into its fourth year. On
    the 6 September, a new UN-appointed mediator had announced
    discussions between two major Yemeni parties in the war (the internationally
    recognized Government of Yemen led by Abd-Rabbuh
    Mansour Hadi, based between al-Riyadh and Aden, and the “Salvation/Rescue Government” of Ansarallah and allies based in Sanʿaʾ, internationally designated as “the Houthi rebels” or “the de-facto power”). Following this announcement, the talks were postponed in the wake of a failure to provide certain safe passage for the delegation from Sanʿaʾ.
    Mounting civilian casualties and recent atrocities resulting from
    Coalition bombing have brought press and political reaction to
    this long war.³ As part of the attack begun in June 2018 with the
    objective of taking the city of al-Hudayda, on 2 August the central
    fish market and the entrance to the main public hospital (to which
    wounded persons were being taken) were attacked.⁴ In the week


  • Credibility Gap
    United Kingdom civilian harm assessments for the
    battles of Mosul and Raqqa.
    PDF . https://airwars.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Credibility-Gap-Airwars-submission-to-UK-Parlt-Defence-Select-Committee-Sep

    The United Kingdom’s role in the battles of Mosul
    and Raqqa represented some of the heaviest military
    action by its forces in over a half century. The MoD
    deployed a range of fighter and bomber aircraft
    and armed Reaper RPAs, which launched significant
    numbers of munitions at almost 1,000 targets.
    Yet the patterns and indicators of civilian harm are also there:
    Coalition and British strikes took place in large numbers in densely
    populated areas. These strikes frequently hit buildings, the likely
    location of ISIS fighters. Yet according to conservative estimates by
    researchers at Airwars, at least 2,600 civilians and possibly many
    more were killed by Coalition actions during the battles for both
    cities – most reported killed when buildings collapsed around them.
    After the US, the United Kingdom was the largest single international
    contributor to the successful campaign to dislodge ISIS from
    its strongholds. However, unlike the United States (as well as
    Australia, which conducted markedly fewer strikes) British
    authorities have not admitted to a single incident of civilian harm
    in either city. All evidence nevertheless points to the inevitability
    of such casualties in a hard-fought urban-focused war. The UK’s nonadmission
    of harm therefore represents a shortfall in accountability.
    As of this report, Airwars is not aware of any specific claims that
    UK forces might have violated International Humanitarian Law.56
    To date, the broader Coalition has admitted to 892 civilian deaths
    in Iraq and Syria, including 367 fatalities at Mosul and Raqqa –
    all without finding that its forces had violated international law.
    The issue here however is also one of civilian harm mitigation.
    Even accepting that civilians were not unlawfully killed by Coalition
    actions, it is still incumbent upon all belligerents properly to
    understand where, when and how such casualties might have
    resulted from their own actions. Only then can lessons be learned,
    and future conflict casualties reduced.
    By claiming zero civilian casualties from its actions at Mosul and
    Raqqa, the Ministry of Defence is demonstrably failing in this task.
    This disparity additionally sets a poor example to others, providing
    the UK with less leverage when criticizing belligerents such as
    Russia or Syria, which take far fewer precautions or indeed may
    deliberately target civilians or civilian infrastructure – while
    insisting that their own actions too result in no civilian harm.
    Part of the way forward lies in addressing systemic challenges in UK
    civilian harm assessments from the air. At present there is a clear bias
    towards acknowledging incidents that are observable, primarily using
    ISR tools. This is a Coalition-wide problem – and one which the
    United Kingdom government can help take the lead in addressing.


    • Triple wow !!!

      Si les paroles sont générales, le clip est clairement anti-Trump

      L’album entier semble intéressant :

      Songs Of Resistance 1942-2018
      http://marcribot.com/latest-news/14279452
      https://www.amazon.com/Songs-Resistance-1942-Marc-Ribot/dp/B07DLK7ZCH?SubscriptionId=AKIAJ2JPVFTMZGHMZXNQ&linkCode=xm2&camp=2025&creati

      Portions of the album’s proceeds will be donated to The Indivisible Project, an organization that helps individuals resist the Trump agenda via grassroots movements in their local communities. More info on The Indivisible Project can be found at www.indivisible.org.

      #Musique #Musique_et_politique #Tom_Waits #Marc_Ribot #USA #Bella_Ciao

    • Wow, les paroles de Srinivas :
      https://genius.com/Marc-ribot-srinivas-lyrics

      Dark was the night
      Cold was the ground
      When they shot Srinivas Kuchibhotla down

      It was in Austin’s Bar and Grill
      But it could’ve been most anyone
      A madman pulled the trigger
      Donald Trump loaded the gun
      My country ’tis of thee

      Srinivas was an engineer
      Sunayana was his wife
      Like so many here before them
      They come here to build the life
      They were plannin’ their first child
      But it was not to be
      But a stranger shot Srinivas down
      Screamin’ “Get out of my country!”
      My country ’tis of thee

      I was born in America
      And it’s right here I intend to stay
      But my country’s hurtin’ now
      There’s a few things I need to say
      If you fly a flag of hate
      Then you ain’t no kin to me
      And to Srinivas Kuchibhotla’s surviving family

      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee

      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee
      My country ’tis of thee

      My country ’tis of thee (Kuchibhotla!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Eric Garner!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Heather Heyer!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Susie Jackson!)

      My country ’tis of thee (Tywanza Sanders! Ethel Lee Lance!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Freddy Gray! Tamir Rice!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Frankie Best! Amadou Diallo!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Michael Brown! David Simmons!)
      My country ’tis of thee (Myra Thompson! Sharonda Singleton!)

      #Black_Lives_Matter #Srinivas_Kuchibhotla #Eric_Garner #Heather_Heyer #Susie_Jackson #Tywanza_Sanders #Ethel_Lee_Lance #Freddy_Gray #Tamir_Rice #Frankie_Best #Amadou_Diallo #Michael_Brown #David_Simmons #Myra_Thompson #Sharonda_Singleton

    • A propos de la chanson Rata de dos patas, il précise :

      Due to the fears that Trump regime retaliation would threaten her visa status, the vocalist on this recording of Rata De Dos Patas has requested that we delete all reference to her identity. We believe her fears are entirely justified, and have complied with her wishes.

      We thank her for her wonderful performance, and for her great courage in making the recording at all. And we look forward to a day when political and artistic expression is no longer under the shadow of such vindicative and racist repression. Venceremos!

    • BELLA CIAO
      Italian traditional; Arranged by Marc Ribot
      & Tom Waits; Translated by Marc Ribot

      One fine morning / woke up early
      Bella ciao, bella ciao, goodbye beautiful
      One fine morning / woke up early
      To find a fascist at my door
      Oh partigiano, please take me with you
      Bella ciao, bella ciao, goodbye beautiful
      Oh partigiano, please take me with you
      I’m not afraid now anymore.
      And if I die a partigiano
      Bella ciao, bella ciao, goodbye beautiful
      Please bury me up on that mountain
      In the shadow of a flower
      So all the people, people passing
      Bella ciao, bella ciao, goodbye beautiful
      All the people, the people passing
      Can say: what a beautiful flower
      This is the flower / of the partisan
      Bella ciao, bella ciao, goodbye beautiful
      This is the flower / of the partisan
      Who died for freedom

    • THE MILITANT ECOLOGIST
      [based on FISCHIA IL VENTO]
      Written by Marc Ribot (Knockwurst Music);
      Inspired by the Italian traditional

      The wind it howls, the storm around is raging
      Our shoes are broken, still we must go on
      The war we fight, is no longer for liberty
      Just the possibility / of a future.
      Underground, the militant ecologist
      Like a shadow emerges from the night
      The stars above, guide her on her mission
      Strong her heart swift her arm to strike
      If, by chance, cruel death will find you
      Know your comrades will revenge
      We’ll track down the ones who hurt you
      Their fate’s already sealed.
      The wind is still, the storm is finally over
      The militant ecologist blends back into the shadows
      Somewhere above, the earth’s green flag is flying
      We don’t have to live in terror
      Somewhere above, the earth’s green flag is flying
      The only flag that matters now
      Somewhere above, the earth’s green flag is flying
      And if its not...
      there’s nothing more to say.

    • Son premier texte, où il se pose des questions sur la possibilité de résister en tant que musicien :

      My grandparents lost brothers, sisters, cousins, aunts and uncles in the Holocaust, and I’ve toured and have friends in Russia and Turkey: we recognize Trump, and it’s no mystery where we will wind up if we don’t push back.

      Its not that things before Trump were any picnic: the many victims of racism, sexism, homophobia, xenophobia, and war under earlier presidents – some of them Democrats—are not forgotten; and even among the politicians for whom I voted, few were willing to address the structural causes of these problems.

      But even the most pissed off of my activist friends knew right away that Trumpism was seriously wrong, and that resistance—not just protest, which by definition acknowledges the legitimacy of the power to which it appeals—had to be planned.

      I’m a musician, so I began my practice of resistance with music.

      Normally, I practice by studying the past (“Ancient to the Future!” as the Art Ensemble of Chicago put it—and as Hannah Arendt might have if she’d been a jazz musician), and then blowing on or reconstructing or simply misreading those changes until they become useful in the present.

      So, I went back to archives of political music known for years and listened again—trying to find what was useful now. I found songs from the World War II anti-Fascist Italian partisans (“Bella Ciao,” “Fischia il Vento”), the U.S. civil rights movement (“We’ll Never Turn Back,” “We Are Soldiers in the Army”), a political song originally recorded by Mexican artist Paquita la del Barrio, had disguised as a romantic ballad (“Rata de Dos Patas”).

      I also wrote songs: things I heard at demonstrations, and newspaper and television stories that I couldn’t process any other way wound up as lyrics. I changed these found texts as little as possible: much of “Srinivas” is a metered version of news articles on Srinivas Kuchibhotla a Sikh immigrant murdered in February 2017 by a racist who mistook him for a Muslim. And “John Brown” really did “kill... five slaveholders at the Pottawatomie creek”).

      By March 2017, I had the material for Goodbye Beautiful/Songs of Resistance.

      I make no claims of historical “authenticity” about the arrangements of archival songs on the record— although I hope they work on more than one level, the arrangements and composition songs on this CD were written and performed, without apology, as agitprop. I borrowed from, referenced, and quoted public domain song as much as I could, wanting to harness the power of our rich traditions to the needs of the current struggle wherever possible. For the same reason, I altered texts and arrangements freely, as political song makers have always done.

      The underlying politics of this recording is that of the Popular Front: the idea that those of us with democratic values need to put aside our differences long enough to defeat those who threaten them.

      Although this approach has its frustrations, it worked last time around (1942-45).

      Coordinating a multi-artist recording like this wasn’t easy: although the artists involved were without exception enthusiastic and helpful.

      But the madness of the past year kept us moving when things got bogged down: we recorded Justin Vivian Bond’s “We’ll Never Turn Back” literally while Donald Trump was delivering a friendly speech to anti-gay hate groups in Washington DC. Tom Waits’ “Bella Ciao” was recorded near Santa Rosa, in the haze of smoke from 1,500 homes destroyed by wildfires attributed partly to global warming.

      Not a day goes by that I don’t think about the fact that we’re living through what may be the last years of possibility to lessen the degree of catastrophic climate change which will be experienced by our kids.

      And what I think is that thinking isn’t enough.

      The same can be said of singing.

      Profits from this CD will be donated to The Indivisible Project, a 501c4 organization creating a political response to Trump. They now have chapters in EVERY congressional district, and work to build the local and national networks we need. I have a lot of friends who think that ANY kind of politics isn’t cool. I appreciate the sentiment, but: we need to get over it, roll up our sleeves and get our hands dirty if we’re going to survive this thing.

      I want to thank all the Artists and musicians who sang or played on this cd, not only for their time and great performances, but for their critiques and insights, musical and political, that shaped this recording at every stage.

      Although my intention in organizing this recording has been to express solidarity with everyone victimized by the current regime, finding a way to express that solidarity without repeating old patterns of oppression is not easy. I hope the dialogue and spirit of solidarity begun among the performers on this recording will continue with its listeners and spread even further...

      M Ribot

      –-----------------------------------
      Son deuxième texte, où il se pose des questions sur les défauts de la musique engagée :

      Post Script:

      The question of ‘the good fight’—how to fight an enemy without becoming it—hangs over “political” art (as the question of truthfulness hang over art claiming to have transcended the political). Indeed, Left and Fascist song do share musical commonalities. (Armies fighting for causes good and bad all need songs to march to).

      This recording won’t resolve that question.

      But I’ve noted a difference between the marching songs of fascism and those of the partisan and civil rights movements: a willingness to acknowledge sadness:

      “We are soldiers in the army...
      We have to fight, we also have to cry.”

      “And if I die a partisan,
      Goodbye beautiful, goodbye beautiful, goodbye beautiful,
      Please bury me on that mountain, in the shadow of a flower.”

      “I am a pilgrim of sorrow, walking through this world alone.
      I have no hope for tomorrow, but I’m starting to make it my home.”

      “...a thousand mill lofts grey
      are touched by all the beauty
      a sudden sun exposes
      Yes it is bread we fight for, but we also fight for roses.”

      These songs’ acknowledgement of human frailty, of the fact that “we have to cry” even as “we have to fight”, is for me a sign of enormous strength. Their vision of a beauty beyond victory is for me a sign of hope, a reminder that we at least have something worth fighting for.

      M Ribot
      November, 2017


  • An Assessment of Black Axe Confraternity Cult in Nigeria: Its Impact on the University Educational System - January 2017
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318773709_An_Assessment_of_Black_Axe_Confraternity_Cult_in_Nigeria_Its

    PDF: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Aminu_Surajo2/publication/318773709_An_Assessment_of_Black_Axe_Confraternity_Cult_in_Nigeria_Its_Impact_on_the_University_Educational_System/links/597d8971458515687b485967/An-Assessment-of-Black-Axe-Confraternity-Cult-in-Nigeria-Its-Impact-on

    The thesis focuses attention on the activities of Black Axe Confraternity cult in major Nigerian university campuses. The cult group brings about lack of peace and stability in the campus as a result of incessant violence with the rival cult groups. The activities of Black Axe Confraternity cult started at the University of Benin and spread to various universities. The Black Axe cult members also involved in armed robbery, drug trafficking, kidnapping, election rigging and other political malpractice. Every year newly recruited members were initiated into the cult group and they swear with the oath of secrecy. From that day, they give their allegiance to their leaders. The impacts of Black Axe Confraternity cult includes interruption of the academic calendar, lack of peace of minds, insecurity and uncertainty among students, death and injury of many members including the innocent students, destruction of the university properties, the involvement of election violence and civil disobedience. The solutions to the problems of Black Axe Confraternity cult group in Nigerian university campuses comprises of public enlightenment campaign on the negative effect of cultism, moral reorientation, discouraging politicians from assisting the cult member financially, admission based on merit and expulsion of students involved in campus cult violence. The parents, society, government and the religious organisations have the greater role to play in bringing an end to the problem which affects the university educational system in Nigerian.

    #université #Nigeria #Black_Axe


  • Results summary: C++ Foundation Developer Survey “Lite”, 2018-08: C++ and Cloud
    http://isocpp.org/feeder/?FeederAction=clicked&feed=All+Posts&seed=http%3A%2F%2Fisocpp.org%2Fblog%2F2

    Over the past week, we ran our second global C++ developer survey, this time focusing on C++ use in cloud-related workloads.

    Thank you to everyone who responded. As promised, here is a public summary of the results:

    CppDevSurvey-2018-08-cloud-summary.pdf

    This summary has now been forwarded to the C++ standards committee, along with the full text of your write-in answers. Your feedback will be very helpful, and thank you again for your participation!

    #News,_Standardization,


  • Notre planète fonce vers un point de rupture qui déboucherait sur un scénario catastrophe irréversible. C’est l’avertissement lancé par des chercheurs internationaux dans une nouvelle étude sur le climat, publiée lundi dans la revue Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

    Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene - Steffen et al 2018 Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene_0.pdf
    https://liverman.faculty.arizona.edu/sites/liverman.faculty.arizona.edu/files/2018-08/Steffen+et%20al%202018%20Trajectories%20of%20the%20Earth%2

    We explore the risk that self-reinforcing feedbacks could push the Earth System toward a planetary threshold that, if crossed, could
    prevent stabilization of the climate at intermediate temperature rises and cause continued warming on a“Hothouse Earth” pathway even as
    human emissions are reduced. Crossing the threshold would lead to
    a much higher global average temperature than any interglacial in
    the past
    1.2 million years and to sea levels significantly higher than at any time in the Holocene. We examine the evidence that such a threshold
    might exist and where it might be. If the threshold is crossed, the
    resulting trajectory would likely cause serious disruptions to ecosystems, society, and economies. Collective human action is
    required to steer the Earth System away from a potential threshold
    and stabilize it in a habitable interglacial-like state. Such action
    entails stewardship of the entire Earth System and could include
    decarbonization of the global economy, enhancement of biosphere
    carbon sinks, behavioral changes, technological innovations, new
    governance arrangements, and transformed social values.


  • A New Publishing Tool | Getty Publications
    http://www.getty.edu/publications/digital/platforms-tools.html

    We are developing Quire, a new publishing tool—optimized for publication discoverability and longevity—that uses a static-site generator, Hugo, to create and output titles in multiple formats from plain text files. E-book files are distribution-ready for Amazon, Apple, and other vendors; PDF files are print-on-demand ready. And the online edition can be hosted on any web server, with no special configurations or installations necessary and no backend databases or content management system to update and support over the long term.

    In traditional website publishing, a content management system (CMS) is connected to collections and image databases (1) and set up on a server (2). The CMS is used to create the website, and once the website is published, the CMS rebuilds the site pages each time they are loaded by a user (3). Thus, the CMS must be kept running for the lifetime of the publication.

    In static-site publishing, the CMS is just software and a folder of files on your, the publisher’s, computer (1) that are used to build the site. The site files are then uploaded to the server (2), and users (3) access them directly. You only need to run the site software and upload new files if you want to make updates to the publication.

    And yet, despite the name, static sites can be as dynamic and interactive as you want them to be, thanks to the full support of the complete web platform (HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript). Zoomable and rotating images, interactive maps, and embedded glossaries are just a few of the features that can be included.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VVYe0qR5DnM

    https://github.com/gettypubs/quire
    http://blogs.getty.edu/iris/an-editors-view-of-digital-publishing

    #publications_hybrides #prepostprint #web2print #digital-first_publishing #Hugo #static_site_publishing


  • Editoria — Building a Book in a Browser
    https://www.pagedmedia.org/editoria-building-a-book-in-a-browser

    Paginated outputs remain important to scholarly communications, and are still critical for books like monographs. Even in today’s increasingly digital discovery landscape, many readers of long-form content continue to prefer print, and the ability to cite page numbers continues to be critical to creating good old-fashioned tools like a book index. But producing paginated books from HTML source files that could also be used for generating other types of digital files has always been a challenge, as Nellie McKesson notes in her recent blog post on Hederis.

    So, a couple of years ago, the University of California Press and the California Digital Library partnered with Coko to begin an ambitious project to develop a workflow application that would allow books to be built in a browser using entirely open source technologies. Editoria is not the first open source, browser-based book production system that has ever been attempted, but it’s (at least to our knowledge) the first that has attempted to replicate the rigorous production editing process and workflow, which includes styling, copyediting, author review, and proofreading, in a browser-based application.

    We borrowed the idea of single-source publishing using HTML source from predecessor applications like Adam Hyde’s Booktype, O’Reilly’s Atlas, and Hugh McGuire’s Pressbooks, all of which use some form of PDF rendering engine (often proprietary) to output beautiful, paginated books in addition to EPUBs and other HTML or XML-based files. Then, we’ve tried to stand on the shoulders of those applications by building in a greater degree of workflow support. It’s an ambitious project, and supporting paginated outputs from a single HTML-based source file, has been a non-trivial aspect of the system’s development.

    https://editoria.pub
    https://coko.foundation

    #publications_hybrides #prepostprint #web2print #digital-first_publishing


  • Russian agents allegedly used Bitcoin to fund the DNC hack - MIT Technology Review
    https://www.technologyreview.com/the-download/611648/russian-agents-allegedly-used-bitcoin-to-fund-the-dnc-hack

    Among the many new details in today’s indictment (PDF) of 12 Russian intelligence officers for cyberattacks meant to interfere with the US presidential election in 2016, one in particular should stand out to techies: the defendants allegedly used Bitcoin to fund the operation.

    A web of dark money: According to the US Department of Justice’s indictment, the defendants “conspired to launder” more than $95,000 “through a web of transactions structured to capitalize on the perceived anonymity of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.” They allegedly mined coins and acquired them “through a variety of means to obscure the origin of the funds,” which were used to finance cyberattacks against Democratic party officials, members of Hillary Clinton’s campaign, and others.

    Cat and mouse: Though the indictment says they used hundreds of different e-mail accounts with fake names to handle Bitcoin payments and cover their tracks, investigators linked messages from “several dedicated email accounts” to corresponding transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain. According to the indictment, the defendants also sometimes facilitated Bitcoin payments on the same computers they used to “conduct their hacking activity.”

    The takeaway: If you weren’t convinced that cryptocurrencies are a magnet for would-be money launderers, this should help. Beyond that, though: Bitcoin is not anonymous! Using clues from outside the internet, which the Mueller team clearly had, it’s quite possible to follow the money on the blockchain and root out individuals behind the transactions (see “Criminals thought Bitcoin was a perfect hiding place, but they thought wrong”).

    #Bitcoin #Argent_sale #Cybersécurité



  • True scale of UK role in torture and rendition after 9/11 revealed - Two damning reports reveal British intelligence’s treatment of terrorism suspects
    http://www.statewatch.org/news/2018/jul/uk-torture-isc-report.htm

    “British intelligence agencies were involved in the torture and kidnap of terrorism suspects after 9/11, according to two reports by the parliamentary intelligence and security committee.
    The reports published on Thursday amount to one of the most damning indictments of UK intelligence, revealing links to torture and rendition were much more widespread than previously reported.

    While there was no evidence of officers directly carrying out physical mistreatment of detainees, the reports say the overseas agency MI6 and the domestic service MI5 were involved in hundreds of torture cases and scores of rendition cases.”

    See: True scale of UK role in torture and rendition after 9/11 revealed - Two damning reports reveal British intelligence’s treatment of terrorism suspects (The Guardian, link)

    See: Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament:

    Detainee mistreatment and rendition: 2001–2010 (Press release, pdf)

    Report: Detainee Mistreatment and Rendition: 2001–2010 (pdf)

    Detainee mistreatment and rendition; Current issues (Press release, pdf)

    Report: Detainee Mistreatment and Rendition: Current Issues (pdf)

    See also: Tony Bunyan, Statewatch Director, speech to the European Parliament hearing in Brussels on 23 January 2006: On the alleged use of European countries by the CIA for the transportation and illegal detention of prisoners - EU governments have colluded by turning a “blind eye”, by failing to ask any questions or exercising any control (pdf)

    And: Statewatch Observatory on “rendition”


  • Clay Shirky – How We Will Read | Genius
    https://genius.com/Clay-shirky-how-we-will-read-annotated

    Un article ancien, mais toujours de référence par Clay Shirky

    Publishing is not evolving. Publishing is going away. Because the word “publishing” means a cadre of professionals who are taking on the incredible difficulty and complexity and expense of making something public. That’s not a job anymore. That’s a button. There’s a button that says “publish,” and when you press it, it’s done.

    In ye olden times of 1997, it was difficult and expensive to make things public, and it was easy and cheap to keep things private. Privacy was the default setting. We had a class of people called publishers because it took special professional skill to make words and images visible to the public. Now it doesn’t take professional skills. It doesn’t take any skills. It takes a Wordpress install.

    The question isn’t what happens to publishing — the entire category has been evacuated. The question is, what are the parent professions needed around writing? Publishing isn’t one of them. Editing, we need, desperately. Fact-checking, we need. For some kinds of long-form texts, we need designers. Will we have a movie-studio kind of setup, where you have one class of cinematographers over here and another class of art directors over there, and you hire them and put them together for different projects, or is all of that stuff going to be bundled under one roof? We don’t know yet. But the publishing apparatus is gone. Even if people want a physical artifact — pipe the PDF to a printing machine.

    But a book is a “momentary stay against confusion.” This is something quoted approvingly by Nick Carr, the great scholar of digital confusion.

    “Social reading,” the way I’ve always interpreted the phrase, is reading that recognizes that you’re not just a consumer, you’re a user. You’re going to do something with this, and that something is going to involve a group of other people. Read a book. The very next thing you’re going to do, if it was at all interesting, is talk to someone about it.

    Really? So then, why annotate?

    You annotate because that’s the part you want to keep. There’s the experiential value and there’s the extractive value from books. The experiential value of reading Bruno LaTour’s Reassembling the Social was the character of LaTour’s thought at the particular point in his career. Having had that, because I don’t teach classes on the sociology of science, what I now need from that book is the extractive bit, so if I ever teach that topic, or write about it, I can start where I left off rather than having to take the book down from the shelf.

    Lastly — I know that you’re very invested in collective action. How can social reading connect to activism?

    Books are historically lousy calls to action because they tend not only to be produced slowly but consumed slowly. The role of longform writing in collective action is much more about synchronization than coordination. Whenever you read the book and whenever I read the book can be years apart, but when we both show up to the same place, we have that shared background.

    #Livres #Edition #Publication #Clay_Shirky


  • The service provided by Uber connecting individuals with non-professional drivers is covered by services in the field of transport - cp170136en.pdf
    https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2017-12/cp170136en.pdf

    Court of Justice of the European Union PRESS RELEASE No 136/17
    Luxembourg, 20 December 2017
    Judgment in Case C-434/15 Asociación Profesional Elite Taxi v Uber Systems Spain SL

    The service provided by Uber connecting individuals with non - professional drivers is covered by services in the field of transport Member States can
    therefore regulate the conditionsfor providing that service

    #Taxi #Uber #Europa #Urteil


  • Hotspots of inefficiency: Mapping the difference between crop produc-on and food calorie delivery
    EmC_AGU_initial - EmC_AGU_final_SMALL.pdf
    https://fallmeeting.agu.org/2012/files/2012/11/EmC_AGU_final_SMALL.pdf

    Meeting growing demands for food calories will be a substantial challenge. One place to search for solutions is in how we allocate the
    world’s crops, and finding ways to feed more people with current crop production. Currently, a substantial proportion of crop calories are
    used as animal feed, and only a small fraction of those feed calories ultimately contribute to human diets. Countries like the United States and China, which together produce over a third of the world’s meat, eggs and dairy, lose a substantial portion of calories and protein to the feed-to-animal conversion process.
    This study looks at global croplands that have a large difference between calories grown, and the food calories available for consumption. These hotspots have the potential to feed more people, while reducing envi-ronmental impacts of agriculture


    #agriculture #alimentation #calories

    • From the 41 crops analyzed in this study, 9.46 x 1015 calories available in plant form are produced by crops globally, of which
      55% directly feed to humans. However, 36% of these produced calories go to animal feed, of which 89% is lost, such that only 4% of crop-produced calories are available by humans in the form of animal products. Another 9% of crop-produced calories are used for industrial uses and biofuels and so completely lost from the food system.
      Including both human-edible crop calories and feed-produced animal calories, only 5.57 x 1015 (59% of the total produced) calor
      ies are delivered to the world’s food system. Therefore, 41% of the calories available from global crop production are lost to the food system


  • Après le détournement de la reconnaissance automatique d’images par #deep_learning, la même chose pour le son…
    (vu via la chronique de Jean-Paul Delahaye dans Pour la Science, n°488 de juin 2018, Intelligences artificielles : un apprentissage pas si profond_ qui traite des images (déjà vues ici) mais aussi du son)

    [1801.01944] Audio #Adversarial_Examples : Targeted Attacks on Speech-to-Text
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1801.01944

    Nicholas Carlini, David Wagner

    We construct targeted audio adversarial examples on automatic speech recognition. Given any audio waveform, we can produce another that is over 99.9% similar, but transcribes as any phrase we choose (recognizing up to 50 characters per second of audio). We apply our white-box iterative optimization-based attack to Mozilla’s implementation DeepSpeech end-to-end, and show it has a 100% success rate. The feasibility of this attack introduce a new domain to study adversarial examples.

    le pdf (technique) en ligne, sa présentation le 24 mai au IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
    (vers 9:00 les exemples audio,…)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ho5jLKfoKSA

    ou comment faire interpréter par Mozilla’ DeepSpeech :

    most of them were staring quietly at the big table

    en

    ok google, browse to evil.com

    ou encore, transcrire de la pure musique en paroles (bidon !)…

    Et, sur le même thème

    [1801.00554] Did you hear that ? Adversarial Examples Against Automatic Speech Recognition
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1801.00554

    Moustafa Alzantot, Bharathan Balaji, Mani Srivastava

    Speech is a common and effective way of communication between humans, and modern consumer devices such as smartphones and home hubs are equipped with deep learning based accurate automatic speech recognition to enable natural interaction between humans and machines. Recently, researchers have demonstrated powerful attacks against machine learning models that can fool them to produceincorrect results. However, nearly all previous research in adversarial attacks has focused on image recognition and object detection models. In this short paper, we present a first of its kind demonstration of adversarial attacks against speech classification model. Our algorithm performs targeted attacks with 87% success by adding small background noise without having to know the underlying model parameter and architecture. Our attack only changes the least significant bits of a subset of audio clip samples, and the noise does not change 89% the human listener’s perception of the audio clip as evaluated in our human study.

    avec un tableau de sons bricolés pour leur faire dire ce qu’on veut (ou presque)
    (les messages trompeurs sont très bruits, contrairement aux exemples précédents)

    Adversarial Speech Commands
    https://nesl.github.io/adversarial_audio


  • Quota Shocks : Electoral Gender Quotas and Government Spending Priorities Worldwide | The Journal of Politics : Ahead of Print
    https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/697251

    The rapid expansion of electoral gender quotas in the past few decades has been met with considerable scholarly and public attention. Despite this, there has been little empirical work examining the global legislative consequences of gender quotas over time. Developing a unique time-series cross-sectional data set from 139 states during the peak period of quota adoption and implementation (1995–2012), we test whether and how quotas are associated with subsequent changes in government spending priorities.

    pour le #PDF avec cartes et graphiques : http://sci-hub.tw/https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/697251

    #femmes #budgets #armée #éducation #quotas


  • Spice-up

    Create Simple and Beautiful #presentations

    Its features include:

    – Exporting to PDF: Share your presentation with anyone, no matter the platform they’re at
    – Presentation Browser: Scroll though the presentations you have made and jump right into them with one click!.
    – Controller Support: If you have a USB or Bluetooth controller, plug it in and control your slides!
    – Templates, so you can whip up a presentation in a blink of an eye.
    – Edit images in your favorite editor, and it will automatically update when saved
    – Web Viewer: Presentations can now be viewed from a web browser if Spice-Up is not installed, even if you’re not using Linux

    https://github.com/Philip-Scott/Spice-up


  • The War on Gangs or a Racialised War on Working Class Black Youths.
    http://www.tmg-uk.org/the-war-on-gangs-or-a-racialised-war-on-working-class-black-youths


    The war on Gangs FINAL (PDF) : http://www.tmg-uk.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/The-war-on-Gangs-FINAL.pdf

    In this essay, TMG is able to share and examine the Metropolitan Police’s secretive ‘gangs’ database, the Gangs Violence Matrix. In so doing it becomes evident that this is a racialised database; that captures not only the names of those alleged to have been involved in serious youth violence, but also the details of their peers and associates with little or no evidence of them having used violence or being gang member. In this piece TMG argues that police have been allowed to infect the entire public sector with its own unique form of institutionalised racism. As a result the States preoccupation with the gangs narrative has meant that they have failed to find effective interventions to address the rise in serious youth violence that we are witnessing all over the UK.