• Heartbound

    Heartbound follows Sommai, a former sex worker from Pattaya who now lives in the windswept Northern Jutland, Denmark. Twenty-five years ago, she came here to marry Niels, and ever since, has helped women from her village in Thailand marry Danish men. Now, it is her niece Kae’s turn. Sommai and Niels put a personal ad in the newspaper, and a suitor comes forward.

    Ten years later, we meet the migrant women again and see what consequences their choices in life have had for themselves and their children.

    Heartbound is an epic migration chronicle shot in two small communities in Thailand and Denmark. Destinies, dreams and needs are intimately and attentively woven together in an existential journey.

    https://sineplambech.com/film/heartbound
    #film #migrations #Danemark #Thaïlande #migrants_thaïlandais #mariage #prostitution

  • Arrêtez la criminalisation et l’intimidation contre les jeunes militants en Thaïlande !

    Au Premier Ministre, Le Gouvernement de la Thaïlande
    Au Président, la Cour Suprême de Thaïlande

    Nous, La Via Campesina, le mouvement paysan international, exprimons notre profonde inquiétude quant à l’intimidation, la détention et la criminalisation continues de jeunes activistes et de leaders paysan·nes qui ont pris part aux mouvements pro-démocratie et pour les droits des paysan·nes en Thaïlande.

    Nous sommes informés qu’au moins 20 jeunes ont été détenus sans procès pour leur engagement dans les actions politiques visant à réclamer la démocratie et la réforme de la monarchie. Ces jeunes font maintenant face à de lourdes accusations de sédition, de cybercriminalité, de lèse-majesté et de violation du décret d’urgence.

    Au moment de la publication de cette lettre, ces jeunes n’ont pas obtenu le droit d’être libérés sous caution. Trois jeunes détenus sont en grève de la faim. Deux d’entre eux sont des jeunes femmes qui ont cessé de manger depuis plus de 50 jours.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.wordpress.com/2022/08/16/arretez-la-criminalisation-et-lintimidation-co

    #international #thailande

  • La Thaïlande lance un visa spécial de 10 ans réservé aux télétravailleurs touchant au moins 6 500 dollars par mois – Libération
    https://www.liberation.fr/economie/economie-numerique/la-thailande-lance-un-visa-special-de-10-ans-reserve-aux-teletravailleurs
    https://www.liberation.fr/resizer/C-TOUOMry-oZmJrvykuANcU_vwM=/1200x630/filters:format(jpg):quality(70):focal(1449x852:1459x862)/cloudfront-eu-central-1.images.arcpublishing.com/liberation/HYOEQAPCCNE5LPRVPJT3NQQIWI.jpg

    La Thaïlande lance un visa spécial de 10 ans réservé aux télétravailleurs touchant au moins 6 500 dollars par mois
    Le pays qui a vu sa manne touristique s’affaiblir à cause du Covid cherche à attirer de nouveaux visiteurs encore plus dépensiers : les « nomades numériques ». Plusieurs autres pays pourraient lui emboiter le pas.
    Les critères d’éligibilité au nouveau visa thaïlandais sont particulièrement sélectifs. (Sukree Sukplang/Reuters)
    par Arthur Quentin
    publié le 12 août 2022 à 19h23
    Télétravailler depuis une plage paradisiaque à Phuket. Et se perdre le week-end dans les Full Moon Party sans avoir à assumer sa gueule de bois le lundi au bureau. Peut-être certains salivent à l’idée de mener un tel mode de vie, mais sont contraints administrativement. Qu’ils regagnent espoir : dès septembre, la Thaïlande les accueillera à bras ouverts. Le royaume s’apprête à lancer un nouveau visa de 10 ans taillé sur mesure pour les « nomades numériques », ces télétravailleurs se sentant trop à l’étroit dans leur pays d’origine. Outre sa durée sans commune mesure, ce laissez-passer présente de nombreux avantages listés par le Conseil d’investissement thaïlandais dans une brochure. Ses futurs titulaires bénéficieront d’un permis de résidence et de travail dans le pays, d’un service « fast track » dans tous ses aéroports internationaux, et surtout d’un impôt sur les revenus n’excédant pas les 17 % (alors qu’il peut atteindre 35 % pour d’autres locaux). Un précieux sésame dont il sera possible de faire la demande dès le 1er septembre

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#pandemie#teletravail#nomadenumerique#visa#economie#immigration

  • Coronavirus: Japan test tour by 4 Thai people cancelled after Covid infection | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/3179862/coronavirus-japan-test-tour-4-thai-people-cancelled-after-covid

    Coronavirus: Japan test tour by 4 Thai people cancelled after Covid infection. The traveller was in Oita when his or her infection was confirmed on Monday; three other close contacts have all tested negative and are isolating in a hotel. The small-scale test tour was part of the government’s programme for when Japan continues easing Covid-19 border controls and accepts foreign tourists in Jun
    Published: 5:05pm, 31 May, 2022
    A test tour for inbound travellers in Japan has been cancelled after one of four Thais taking part tested positive for the coronavirus, Japan’s tourism agency has said.The traveller was in the southwestern prefecture of Oita when his or her infection was confirmed on Monday. The three other participants were deemed close contacts but have all tested negative. They are currently isolating in a hotel, the agency said. The route of the infection is unknown

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#japon#thailande#sante#circulation#frontiere#tourisme#depistage#cascontact#etranger

  • 15 000 thaïlandaises victimes de la traite de l’industrie du sexe au Japon chaque année

    Chaque année, entre 10 000 et 15 000 enfants et femmes thaïlandais sont victimes d’un trafic illégal vers le Japon pour servir l’industrie du sexe.

    Dirigée par le Pol Lt Col Dr Pongnakorn Nakhonsantiphap, la recherche a révélé que la Thaïlande reste un carrefour majeur pour le trafic d’êtres humains régional et international.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2022/03/25/15-000-thailandaises-victimes-de-la-traite-de-lindustri

    #international #thailande #japon #feminisme #prostitution

  • Covid-19 : les voyageurs dispensés de quarantaine en Thaïlande à partir du 1er février
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2022/01/20/covid-19-les-voyageurs-dispenses-de-quarantaine-en-thailande-a-partir-du-1er

    Covid-19 : les voyageurs dispensés de quarantaine en Thaïlande à partir du 1er février
    Craignant la propagation du variant Omicron, le pays avait rétabli, à la fin de décembre, une quarantaine obligatoire. Mais seuls quelques milliers de cas sont recensés officiellement chaque jour, et la courbe des décès reste stable.La Thaïlande va de nouveau dispenser les voyageurs vaccinés de quarantaine à partir du 1er février, ont annoncé, jeudi 20 janvier, les autorités. Cette décision suscite l’espoir au sein de l’industrie du tourisme, exsangue depuis plusieurs mois.Craignant la propagation du variant Omicron, le pays avait rétabli une quarantaine obligatoire à la fin de décembre. Mais seuls quelques milliers de cas sont recensés officiellement chaque jour, et la courbe des décès reste stable. Ces données ont poussé les autorités à réévaluer la situation.
    A partir du 1er février, les visiteurs vaccinés devront fournir un test de dépistage du SARS-CoV-2 dont le résultat est négatif, effectué dans leur pays d’origine. Puis ils seront contraints d’en faire un deuxième à leur arrivée, et un dernier le cinquième jour suivant leur entrée sur le territoire, a fait savoir Taweesin Visanuyothin, porte-parole du centre de gestion du coronavirus.Les tests pratiqués sur le sol thaïlandais devront être effectués dans un hôtel homologué. Si le résultat est négatif, le voyageur pourra circuler librement dans le pays. « En cas d’augmentation des cas, la situation sera de nouveau réévaluée », a précisé Taweesin Visanuyothin.
    Après plus de dix-huit mois de fermeture, le royaume avait rouvert ses frontières au début de novembre aux touristes vaccinés sur présentation d’un simple résultat négatif de test PCR. Quelques dizaines de milliers de visiteurs avaient profité de cet allégement des restrictions.Avant la pandémie, le pays était l’un des plus visités au monde, avec près de 40 millions d’entrées sur le territoire en 2019. Le ministère du tourisme espère accueillir 5 millions de visiteurs cette année.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#pandemie#tourisme#economie#vaccination

  • Coronavirus: Thailand among 6 countries added to Singapore’s quarantine-free travel lane | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/australasia/article/3157442/australia-investigates-new-covid-19-variant-found-south

    Coronavirus: Thailand among 6 countries added to Singapore’s quarantine-free travel lane. The city state also restricted travel from seven African countries after a ‘potentially more contagious’ Covid-19 variant was found in South Africa Scientists are concerned the new strain could evade the body’s immune response and make it more transmissible
    Singapore on Friday extended its quarantine-free travel lane scheme for visitors vaccinated against Covid-19 to six more countries in a bid to regain its international aviation hub status.The inclusion of Cambodia, Fiji, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Turkey to the Vaccinated Travel Lanes (VTL) programme brought the number of nations the city state has such arrangements with to 27.The move came even as Singapore tightened border restrictions with seven African countries after the “potentially more contagious” B.1.1.529 Covid-19 variant was detected in South Africa.
    The island nation currently has no cases linked to the strain.Singapore’s civil aviation authority said the 27 countries under the VTL scheme contributed to about 60 per cent of its total arrivals before the pandemic.
    It added that Cambodia, Thailand, Maldives and Sri Lanka were popular tourist destinations among Singaporeans.Singapore still hoping for Hong Kong travel bubble, health minister says
    24 Nov 2021Travellers from Thailand would be able to enter Singapore under the arrangement from December 14. Those from Cambodia, Fiji, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Turkey can visit two days later.With these new lanes, the daily quota under the VTL would be increased from 10,000 to 15,000.Transport Minister S. Iswaran told reporters that Singapore has to be “very mindful” of the evolving virus situation and that it was closely monitoring the emergence of new variants of concerns even as it looks to reopen its borders.“We must expect that in a dynamic situation like this, and with the pandemic evolving, that settings may change.”Singapore is seeing about 2,000 Covid-19 infections a day but authorities have pledged to treat the virus as endemic and would progressively open up given its high vaccination rates.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#singapour#ambododge#fiji#maldives#srilanka#thailande#turquie#sante#frontiere#circulation#bulledevoyage#vaccination#frontiere#variant

  • Phuket Sandbox shines the way for Thai tourism revival - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/10/phuket-sandbox-shines-the-way-for-thai-tourism-revival

    Phuket Sandbox shines the way for Thai tourism revival
    Quarantine island experiment set to be replicated as kingdom takes a daring punt on reopening its decimated tourism industry
    by Peter Janssen October 27, 2021
    PHUKET – The Phuket Sandbox – Thailand’s pilot run for reopening the country’s crucial tourism sector that accounted for about 20% of gross domestic product (GDP) before Covid-19 – has so far been disappointing in terms of numbers but is being hailed as a success in other respects.
    The Phuket Sandbox – a pun on Fintech terminology for a safe haven for experimenting with new technologies – was launched on July 1 with a target of attracting at least 100,000 foreign tourists in its first three months.
    Actual arrivals were an underwhelming 42,000, generating about 3 billion baht (US$90.8 million) in tourist spending. That’s obviously a far cry from the 14.5 million foreign and domestic tourists who visited the island resort in all of 2019, generating 442 billion baht ($13.4 billion) in revenue.
    Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-ocha recently announced that Bangkok and other leading tourist destinations such as Pattaya and Chiang Mai will reopen to fully vaccinated foreign tourists from 46 designated “low-risk” countries, lifting the kingdom’s previous onerous 7-14 day quarantine requirements.Prayut originally vowed to reopen the country by mid-October but was forced to delay until November 1 in the face of still alarming new infection rates, which are still hovering around 10,000 per day in a country of 69 million, a tardy vaccination rollout and questions about the efficacy of some of the vaccines used, especially the China-made Sinovac.Those issues will all persist after the reopening and could lead to fresh outbreaks and dire consequences for the government. For Bangkok, Phuket has proven an important test run. Local Phuket government authorities have been meeting with the Bangkok-based National Security Council three times a week to hash out problems they have confronted in implementing the Sandbox and find solutions, said Piyapong.
    “We try to pass on the feedback from the tourists to the government officials,” Piyapong said. Tourists have uniformly complained about the complexities involved with gaining entry to the Sandbox, particularly the difficulties of complying with myriad requirements to secure a Certificate of Entry (COE), the document that was previously required.As of November 1, the COE requirement will be canceled and replaced with a digital Thailand Pass, which drops certain demands such as pre-payment for two or three Covid-19 swab tests, while lowering the minimum Covid medical insurance requirement from US$100,000 to US$50,000.But an initial Covid test will still be required at the airport, and an installation of a government mobile phone application known as Rao Chana that helps keep track of newcomers. These procedures have meant tourists arriving at Phuket usually spend two hours at the airport, which would become a lot longer if arrivals were in the thousands.The Sandbox concept was originally a proposal from Phuket’s private sector represented by the Phuket Tourism Association, Phuket Hotels Association, Phuket Travel Agents Association in collaboration with the local Phuket government and with support from Bangkok’s powers-that-be.“It is a model that we proposed ourselves, as opposed to coming from the government,” said Bhummikitti Ruktaengam, president of the Phuket Tourism Association.But while the Sandbox concept was a private sector initiative, many of the conditions came at the behest of Bangkok-based authorities, specifically the “doctor-ocracy” that has been determining much of Thailand’s government policy since the Covid-19 pandemic first struck in early 2020.Some of the initial requirements were eased as the Sandbox progressed. For instance, on October 1 the requirement that tourists spend 14 days quarantined on the island was reduced to seven. On October 15, the island was re-opened to fully vaccinated domestic visitors and bars were allowed to serve booze and stay open till 10 pm.To the government’s credit, it has learned something from the Sandbox.“We learned that the Sandbox would have attracted more people with fewer complications,” Bhummikitti said. “We have made suggestions to the government and the government has taken our advice, and it will benefit the whole country.” One lesson the pandemic has taught governments in general is that the virus is not predictable. Singapore, which recently reopened its borders to vaccinated tourists from ten select countries, is now experiencing a resurgence in Covid cases that is likely to overshadow any benefits from a trickle of arrivals.Thailand continues to record about 10,000 new Covid cases daily, with the total caseload since the virus was first detected in March 2020 now reaching 1,859,157 with 1,740,316 recoveries and 18,799 deaths. A recently detected “Delta plus” variant has raised new concerns and fresh questions about the wisdom of reopening to the world when so few Thais have been inoculated.The government has been relatively slow in rolling out vaccinations, with only 38% of the population fully vaccinated and 55% receiving one dose as of late October. Nearby Malaysia is 75% fully vaccinated Singapore has reached 82%.Phuket has benefitted from the Sandbox in terms of being prioritized in the national vaccine rollout.“Phuket has the highest prevalence of vaccinations in Thailand, with 82% of the population (547,584) having received the first dose, and 71% two doses and 46% a booster too,” Kobsak Kookiatkul, Phuket’s health chief, told a recent seminar. “This makes foreigners feel confident.”Unfortunately for the Sandbox, the Delta variant started to spread on the island in June and July, coinciding with the Sandbox’s opening on July 1. The news no doubt discouraged some tourists from booking trips to the resort island. Since April, Phuket has recorded 14,443 cases and 101 deaths, but the incidence has been on a downward trend since October, as is the situation nationwide.More importantly, there have been no reported cases of foreign tourists spreading the virus to the local population, according to Kobsak. Of the 53,120 foreign tourists who arrived between July 1 and October 21, some 171 tested positive for Covid-19. When a tourist tests positive, they end up spending their vacation in a local hospital for 10-14 days.But given the ongoing resurgence of the pandemic in various countries such as Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States and even highly vaccinated Singapore, Phuket’s tourism industry is only cautiously optimistic about the near future. That would mean about 1 million tourists, both foreign and domestic, still well short of the 4 million arrivals in the fourth quarter of 2019.Phuket’s tourism prospects will arguably improve with the reopening of other destinations in Thailand such as Bangkok, and Phuket’s neighboring provinces Krabi, Phang Nga and Samui, which provide tourists with more travel options in the kingdom.In recent weeks, Malaysia has announced plans to open Langkawi resort island to vaccinated foreign tourists in mid-November (the island was opened to domestic tourists last month), Indonesia has opened up Bali to vaccinated tourists from 19 countries (but they must spend the first five days quarantined in a hotel) and Vietnam has indicated it will open the island of Phu Quoc, off the southern coast, in late November.“I believe the Phuket Sandbox was a wake-up call for governments in our region to also launch similar projects in their own backyards,” said Luzi Matzig, chairman of Asian Trails, a travel agency specializing in the European market.But no one is expecting a dramatic recovery this year or even next. “It will take many months to restart tourist arrivals in the different destinations and if we can achieve 50% of the pre-Covid numbers during 2022 this will already be a positive result,” Matzig said.The Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) expects tourism revenues to reach about 50% of pre-Covid levels in 2022, with at least 13 million foreign tourists and 122 million domestic tourists spending 620 billion baht ($19 billion) and 680 billion baht ($20.5 billion), respectively, according to a recent Bualuang Securities report.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#sante#thailande#tourisme#vaccination#economie#frontiere#circulation

  • Coronavirus: Thailand ends quarantine for vaccinated visitors from China, US, Singapore, others | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/article/3154374/coronavirus-thailand-ends-quarantine-vaccinated-visitors-china-us

    Coronavirus: Thailand ends quarantine for vaccinated visitors from China, US, Singapore, others From Monday, fully-inoculated travellers will be able to freely tour Thai beaches, temples and tropical islands after testing negative for Covid-19 on arrival. Elsewhere, Singapore is boosting the number of ICU beds, while hundreds of workers at seafood firms in south Vietnam have tested positive for Covid-19
    Thailand is ending quarantine for vaccinated visitors from more than 60 countries including China, India, Japan, Singapore and the US, in the biggest reopening gamble in Asia and one that could mark a turning point for the revival of mass tourism during the pandemic. From Monday, fully-vaccinated travellers will be able to freely tour Thailand’s sandy beaches, temples and tropical islands after testing negative for Covid-19 on arrival.
    Inoculated visitors from countries not on the list can travel to Bangkok and 16 other regions, but they will be confined to their initial destination for the first seven days before being allowed to travel elsewhere.
    It is the biggest step Thailand has taken to welcome back a slice of the nearly 40 million visitors it hosted the year before the pandemic, and is billed as a “fight to win foreign tourists” as countries from Australia to the UK also loosen Covid-19 curbs.A successful Thai experiment could help salvage its battered economy and serve as a model for countries wary of a virus resurgence from reopenings.To boost the confidence of tourists and the public, Thailand is linking the reopening to a higher vaccination rate, which “is a measured approach that has a lot of logic to it”, according to Amar Lalvani, chairman of US boutique hotel operator Standard International.
    Meanwhile in Australia, the government will from November 21 allow fully vaccinated travellers from Singapore to travel to the country without quarantine, starting with New South Wales and Victoria, The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper reported on Sunday.It will be up to the other Australian states and territories to decide if they similarly want to accept vaccinated travellers without the need for 14 days of hotel quarantine, according to the report.The decision follows an announcement by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) earlier this week on extending the vaccinated travel lane to Australia and Switzerland, which will allow vaccinated travellers from both countries to enter Singapore without the need for quarantine from November 8.
    Singapore Transport Minister S Iswaran called it a “significant move”.
    “Families and loved ones can reunite, students can resume their studies, and businesspeople and tourists can once again travel,” Iswaran said in a Facebook post on Sunday.Singapore is increasing the number of hospital beds in intensive care units as serious Covid-19 infections in the current outbreak remain at an elevated level.Authorities will set up 280 ICU beds this week, up from about 200 now, Health Minister Ong Ye Kung said in a Facebook post on Sunday. About 70 per cent of Singapore’s ICU beds are occupied, he said.“Our hospital capacity is dynamic – we step them up as the number of cases that require acute or ICU care goes up, and vice versa,” Ong said. “But with each increase, health care workers will come under even greater strain. There is a human limit.” Singapore is trying to ease the strain on the health care system by maintaining domestic restrictions at least until late November, including limiting social gatherings to two people.Janil Puthucheary, senior minister of state at the health ministry, will give an update in Parliament on Monday on the ICU situation and hospital capacity. He will also explain the possible course of action and the trade-offs Singapore is facing, Ong said.Singapore has one of the highest inoculation rates in the world, allowing its government to open borders up with vaccinated travel lanes including to parts of Europe, Australia, Canada and the US.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#australie#singapour#sante#vaccination#frontiere#circulation#tourisme#retour

  • Covid-19 : La Thaïlande accueille ses premiers touristes vaccinés sans quarantaine
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2021/11/01/australie-thailande-coree-du-sud-des-pays-assouplissent-les-restrictions-de-

    La Thaïlande accueille ses premiers touristes vaccinés sans quarantaine
    Des touristes se prélassent près de la piscine d’un hôtel sur l’île
    Depuis ce lundi, le gouvernement thaïlandais autorise les voyageurs vaccinés de plus de 60 pays à séjourner en Thaïlande sans effectuer de quarantaine. Les premiers ont atterri ce matin à Bangkok et sur l’île de Phuket, un espoir de renaissance pour l’industrie touristique thaïlandaise exsangue après un an et demi de verrouillage.La pandémie de Covid-19 a frappé de plein fouet l’économie du royaume, qui dépend beaucoup du tourisme et a enregistré l’an dernier ses pires résultats depuis la crise financière asiatique de 1997, avec une baisse de plus de 80 % des arrivées de visiteurs internationaux.« La chose la plus importante à laquelle le gouvernement et moi-même pensons en ce moment est de faire en sorte que les moyens de subsistance des gens reviennent à la normale », a déclaré vendredi le premier ministre, Prayut Chan-o-cha. Le tourisme représente près d’un cinquième de l’économie, et l’impact de la pandémie s’est répercuté sur divers secteurs, de la restauration aux transports.
    Le retour des touristes sera progressif, et les autorités tablent sur 10 millions à 15 millions de visiteurs l’année prochaine, encore loin du record de 2019, de près de 40 millions. Les recettes attendues pour 2022 sont d’environ 30 milliards de dollars. « En 2023, nous pensons qu’elles seront proches du chiffre de l’année 2019 », a déclaré le ministre du Tourisme, Pipat Ratchakitprakarn.Mais l’industrie se veut moins optimiste, dans la mesure où les touristes chinois, qui constituent le principal marché pour la Thaïlande, sont toujours soumis à une quarantaine stricte à leur retour chez eux et ne devraient pas venir en masse avant de nombreux mois. De plus, le royaume enregistre encore environ 10 000 cas de Covid-19 par jour, et seulement 40 % environ de la population a reçu deux doses de vaccin. A Bangkok, ce taux est de 80 %.En Uruguay, le choix a également été fait d’ouvrir les frontières uniquement aux étrangers vaccinés.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#frontiere#circulation#tourisme#economie#vaccination#chine#quarantaine

  • La Thaïlande mise sur le « bac à sable » de Phuket pour faire revenir les touristes
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2021/10/18/la-thailande-mise-sur-le-bac-a-sable-de-phuket-pour-faire-revenir-les-touris

    La Thaïlande mise sur le « bac à sable » de Phuket pour faire revenir les touristes. Les visiteurs vaccinés contre le Covid-19 doivent rester dans l’île au moins sept jours mais sont libres de leurs activités, une formule que le gouvernement promet encore d’alléger pour la haute saison de l’hiver 2021-2022.

    Cela s’appelle le « Phuket Sandbox », ou « bac à sable » de Phuket : la possibilité pour les personnes vaccinées venant de l’étranger de profiter des plages de la célèbre île, située dans l’ouest du pays, dans la mer d’Andaman, et des restaurants, tout en restant dans un hôtel désigné et payé d’avance, mais sans la quarantaine stricte imposée dans le reste du pays.Lancé le 1er juillet, après plusieurs mois de préparation pour vacciner en priorité la population de l’île, le « Sandbox » a pour l’instant fait ses preuves au niveau sanitaire, au point que le gouvernement thaïlandais a réduit depuis le 1er octobre à sept jours au lieu de quatorze le temps de séjour obligatoire sur Phuket avant de voyager sur le continent. Il a aussi commencé à simplifier les procédures, ouvert l’île aux Thaïlandais du continent vaccinés et à toutes les nationalités d’étrangers.
    Pressé de positionner la Thaïlande pour la haute saison touristique hivernale, le premier ministre thaïlandais, l’ex-général putschiste Prayuth Chan-o-cha, a également proposé une date, le 1er novembre, pour l’ouverture du reste du pays à des vaccinés en provenance de dix pays à faible risque. « Je sais que cette décision comporte un certain risque. Il est presque certain que nous verrons une augmentation temporaire des cas graves lorsque nous assouplirons ces restrictions », a-t-il déclaré, le 11 octobre.L’île de Phuket, un ergot de 543 kilomètres carrés rattaché par un pont à la partie thaïlandaise de la péninsule de Malacca, fait figure d’exception en Thaïlande : 77 % de ses 547 000 habitants ont reçu deux doses, et 44 % trois doses.L’ensemble du pays, lui, n’affiche qu’un taux de 36 % de vaccinés, une contre-performance qui continue de nourrir une vague de critiques contre les choix malheureux du chef du gouvernement de privilégier le vaccin chinois Sinovac, et un seul laboratoire thaïlandais, possédé par le roi, pour la production d’AstraZeneca. A Phuket comme dans le reste du pays, les vaccins utilisés ne sont donc pas des plus performants, même si les autorités sanitaires autorisent désormais des cocktails avec Pfizer, en particulier pour la troisième dose.Pourtant, le variant Delta, qui a fait flamber l’épidémie en Thaïlande à partir d’avril 2021 – le nombre de morts est passé depuis d’une centaine à 18 205 –, semble avoir épargné Phuket : plusieurs clusters apparus, notamment parmi des travailleurs migrants birmans, ont été contenus par des confinements stricts – et le moins de publicité possible. Le chiffre des contaminations avoisine les 160 nouveaux cas par jour dans l’île, dont 154 participants du « Sandbox » depuis le 1er juillet (sur 42 000), contre toujours 10 000 nouveaux cas et 80 décès en moyenne chaque jour pour l’ensemble du pays.
    Concrètement, les participants du « Phuket Sandbox » doivent se faire tester à l’arrivée et attendre dans leur chambre d’hôtel les résultats. Ils doivent également télécharger une application qui les piste, dont le QR code est scanné matin et soir par le personnel de l’hôtel. Si, en cette période de faible affluence et de mousson, les procédures sont très efficaces, tout se complique pour ceux qui sont testés positifs à leur arrivée. Thae, une Thaïlandaise d’une cinquantaine d’années, désignée cas contact quand son mari néerlandais a été testé positif à l’atterrissage, a ainsi été conduite dans un hôtel de quarantaine qui coûte cinq fois plus cher que l’hôtel du « Sandbox ».Après son refus, elle a été placée en quarantaine « étatique », gratuite, mais dans une chambre sans air conditionné, ni linge. Hospitalisé, son mari a ensuite été transféré dans un « hospitel » quand il n’a plus eu de symptômes : « Le problème est que les assurances ne considèrent pas que c’est un hôpital. Si ça se passe mal, le “Sandbox” peut devenir un parcours d’obstacles », souligne le Néerlandais.
    Phuket, c’est certain, tire la langue : 90 % des hôtels sont encore fermés, même si les plus grands d’entre eux sont les premiers à bénéficier du « Sandbox », certes à un tarif bien moindre que ceux pratiqués habituellement.A proximité des plages, des rues entières sont vides – ici un bar aux tables rouillées, là l’immense carcasse rose du « Christin Massage ». De vieux condominiums sans lumière disparaissent sous le lierre. Des chantiers sont à l’arrêt. Des 7-Eleven, les chaînes de supérettes ouvertes 24 heures sur 24, des McDonald’s ou des Starbucks sont cadenassés. Quelques enclaves animées rompent sagement le calme nocturne depuis l’autorisation des ventes d’alcool dans les restaurants le 1er octobre jusqu’à 22 heures, comme « Hugo Hub », un terrain de bord de mer entre deux restaurants à Bang Tao Beach.Un Sud-Africain qui convoyait des yachts à travers le monde, et a rejoint son épouse thaïlandaise à Phuket juste avant la fermeture du pays en mars 2020, y a fait venir des food trucks et un DJ. « On a commencé avec rien, donc on ne prend pas de risques », reconnaît-il. Les villages de l’intérieur et de l’est, qui regroupent la population autochtone, semblent moins affectés par la pandémie, mais la jeunesse s’employait en priorité dans l’industrie du tourisme.Les investisseurs ou les gérants venus du continent ou de l’étranger ont souvent jeté l’éponge, dans l’attente de jours meilleurs. La ruée vers l’or touristique attirait depuis des décennies une multitude de petites gens venus de tout le pays qui vivaient de petits boulots rémunérateurs à la haute saison. Ce prolétariat n’a aujourd’hui pas d’autre recours que la survie, et les distributions de nourriture organisées par des bénévoles. Tous les jours, à Patong, la grande plage de l’ouest de l’île, la petite église protestante des « nouveaux commencements » du pasteur malaisien Aland et de sa femme thaïlandaise Sunee distribue une centaine de repas. Un taxi moto est là pour prendre trois barquettes, il a gagné 1,5 euro aujourd’hui. Ses deux enfants ont perdu leur emploi dans un hôtel et vendent des brochettes de poulet, mais il faut payer les 100 euros du loyer de la pièce où ils vivent tous.
    Phuket avait reçu 9 millions de visiteurs étrangers en 2019. En 2020, la Thaïlande tout entière n’aura accueilli que 6,7 millions de touristes. L’île générait à elle seule 440 milliards de baths (11 milliards d’euros) par an, ce qui permettait, selon l’économiste Chayanon Phucharoen, de la faculté de tourisme de l’université Prince of Songkla, à Phuket, « un effet d’entraînement majeur sur le reste du pays, notamment l’agriculture ».
    Les 42 000 visiteurs venus de l’étranger dans le cadre du « Sandbox » depuis le 1er juillet sont en nombre bien inférieur aux prévisions initiales, qui tablaient sur 100 000 les trois premiers mois. En cause, les retards de vaccination dans les pays sources, les restrictions aux sorties des frontières non essentielles et la réticence des personnes à voyager. L’objectif affiché désormais est d’en accueillir un million d’ici au mois de mars 2022. La pandémie a fait resurgir un vieux serpent de mer : transformer et diversifier l’économie de Phuket pour la rendre moins sensible aux chocs extérieurs.
    L’ouverture progressive de la Thaïlande aux voyageurs fait des émules dans une région, l’Asie du Sud-Est, désormais déterminée à vivre avec le Covid-19 : la Malaisie, qui affiche un taux de vaccination de 65 % pour deux doses, permet depuis le 10 octobre à ses nationaux vaccinés de voyager. L’Indonésie a ouvert Bali le 14 octobre aux touristes vaccinés de 19 pays avec cinq jours de quarantaine, et Singapour accueillera sans quarantaine les vaccinés de huit pays, dont la France, à partir du 19 octobre. « C’est la compétition pour attirer les touristes, si on continue d’imposer une quarantaine, même sept jours, on ne pourra pas se mesurer aux autres pays », a déclaré le 12 octobre ministre du tourisme et des sports thaïlandais, Phiphat Ratchakitprakarn.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#vaccination#tourisme#economie#frontiere#circulation#malaisie#indonesie#singapour

  • Singapore’s vaunted health tourism under pressure - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/10/singapores-vaunted-health-tourism-under-pressure

    Singapore’s vaunted health tourism under pressure
    Many in need of critical care have been locked out of the city-state as it tries to deal with a Covid surge
    JAKARTA – Let’s call him Jack. He is a retired engineer who lives with his wife in a rural town in Indonesia, where the big waves roll in from the Indian Ocean. He is kept alive by a US$36,000 coronary resynchronization unit (CSU) that can only be replaced in Singapore.If he can get there, that is.
    Three times now, the Singapore Health Ministry has deferred permission for him to travel to the city-state, despite a letter from his Singapore heart specialist attesting to the urgency of his case as the battery in the device winds down.Warned by his Indonesian and Singaporean doctors that Covid-19 could easily kill him, the 69-year-old Australian has already been double-jabbed with the AstraZeneca vaccine.Jack is one of hundreds of thousands of Indonesian citizens and foreign residents who spend hundreds of millions of dollars a year to get specialized – and expensive – medical treatment in Singapore that is often unavailable at home.But come a health crisis and the door has closed, with officials claiming that the island’s much-touted health system is stretched to the limit by a surprisingly sharp surge in coronavirus cases.The latest message from the Singapore Health Ministry is that waivers for overseas patients with serious health issues have been suspended until further notice – just when Singapore is allowing the first foreign tourists to enter.
    In a half-hour speech to the nation on October 9, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong did not mention foreign patients, saying Singapore would continue opening up to ensure it remained connected to the global supply chain.But in underlining the decision to drop Singapore’s zero-Covid policy and depend on its 85% vaccination record, he said the Delta-driven spike in infections could last for three to six months before it reaches the “new normal.”It is anyone’s guess how many Indonesians are in the same emergency situation as Jack. Go to a Singapore hospital or doctor’s surgery during normal times and Indonesian is spoken everywhere.“We can’t interfere because it’s at a higher level,” says one Singaporean general practitioner, who adds that his daily patients can often now be counted on one hand. “The only thing to do is to appeal through your foreign ministry.”
    Health officials cite hospitals overflowing with Covid patients as the reason for the continuing deferments. The Singapore Medical Council did not respond to a request to explain why no exception is being made for urgent foreign cases.Coronary resynchronization technology is a clinically proven treatment option for patients with heart failure, sending small electrical impulses to both lower chambers of the heart to help them beat in a synchronized pattern.Because the battery is hermetically sealed inside the CTU when it comes out of the factory, Jack’s entire device must be replaced every four years. That comes in at a cool $36,000 to $50,000.He needs only an overnight stay in hospital after an hour-long procedure to change out the device, which is now running in the “imminent replacement zone” – and has been for the past two months.After that, he will have to stay in Singapore for another eight days to allow for any necessary recalibration and to give more time for the three-inch chest incision to heal.
    Left unchanged, the device goes critical, sending out vibrations every hour until it eventually dies. That would leave Jack without any protection against a heart attack – the reason why CRU was installed in the first place.
    Singapore authorities stipulate that Indonesians who get dispensation for medical reasons must have already received two vaccinations, undergone a PCR test and can produce a chest X-ray showing they don’t have pneumonia.All this will be repeated on their arrival in Singapore, where they must go into two-week quarantine. In Jack’s case he will have to stay for another week after the procedure, and then enter eight-day quarantine on his return to Jakarta.It will be an expensive exercise for an aging retiree, who has to pay for everything himself because the insurance premium for a man with his medical issues is beyond him.“It is what it is,” he says, pointing to the $295,000 he has forked out since 2007 on Singaporean medical care. “If I get angry my blood pressure goes up. It will happen when it happens.” Paradoxically, Jack may be more at risk of getting the virus in Singapore than in Indonesia, where the official number of daily infections is now down to 1,300 from a peak level of more than 50,000 in mid-July.
    Despite its impressive vaccination record, cases have risen from as few as 56 in mid-August to the current level of 3,500 a day. More than 1,500 patients are in hospital, 300 require oxygen and 40 are in intensive care.
    Earlier indications were that even vaccinated Covid patients and those with minor symptoms were being admitted to a hospital, but new screening facilities now allow doctors to determine who needs hospitalization and who doesn’t.In mid-September, the government announced that home recovery has now been designated the default care management protocol for “more fully-vaccinated individuals.”
    Singapore has so far recorded 117,000 cases and 142 deaths, but with the shift away from the zero-Covid policy, the 16-month ban on short-term foreign visitors is finally starting to lift.The government has now opened up four “green lanes” for fully vaccinated travelers from Hong Kong, Macao, Brunei, Germany and, more recently, South Korea, none of whom have to spend time in quarantine.Singapore medical tourism has taken a huge hit since the onset of the pandemic. According to one estimate, Indonesians spend about $600 million a year on treatment in Singapore, Thailand and Australia.Much of that is in Singapore, which normally receives about 500,000 overseas patients a year, half of them coming from Indonesia alone, according to the Medical Tourism Association.Cardiac urgeries at Singapore hospitals, including heart bypasses and valve replacements, range up to S$130,000 (US$95,800); cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiology and immunotherapy, can cost S$234,000 (US$172,600).Market research indicates it may become increasingly difficult for Singapore to maintain its title as the region’s top medical tourism destination when Thailand and Malaysia are offering better value for money.
    While Jack is a special case, perhaps the pandemic will also persuade the Indonesian elite to have more faith in their own doctors, instead of rushing off to Singapore for treatment of maladies that can easily and effectively be handled at home.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#hongkong#sante#tourismedical#indonesie#malaisie#thailande#australie#pandemie#frontiere#circulation#economie

  • La Thaïlande va rouvrir ses frontières aux vaccinés à partir du 1er novembre
    https://www.seneweb.com/news/International/la-thailande-va-rouvrir-ses-frontieres-a_n_360941.html

    La Thaïlande va rouvrir ses frontières aux vaccinés à partir du 1er novembre
    La Thaïlande va rouvrir progressivement ses frontières aux visiteurs étrangers vaccinés à partir du 1er novembre, a annoncé lundi le Premier ministre Prayut Chan-O-Cha, alors que le royaume cherche à sauver une industrie touristique lourdement frappée par la pandémie.
    Dans un premier temps, la Thaïlande va accepter des touristes en provenance de dix « pays considérés à faible risque », a précisé le chef du gouvernement lors d’une allocution télévisuelle - notamment les Etats-Unis, la Chine, le Royaume-Uni, l’Allemagne et Singapour. La liste pourra être élargie dans les mois qui viennent.Les visiteurs devront présenter à leur arrivée un test Covid négatif et en faire un nouveau sur place."Ils pourront ensuite voyager librement comme les Thaïlandais", s’est félicité le Premier ministre.Jusqu’à présent, seul le programme « bac à sable » permettait aux touristes vaccinés de se rendre dans la station balnéaire de Phuket (sud).
    Mais ils étaient obligés de rester pendant une semaine dans un hôtel de l’île avant de pouvoir s’aventurer dans d’autres parties du royaume.
    Le tourisme représentait un cinquième du PIB thaïlandais avant la pandémie.
    Les restrictions sévères imposées aux voyageurs pour lutter contre le virus ont fait s’effondrer le nombre de visiteurs étrangers. En 2020, les arrivées ont plongé de 83% à 6,7 millions contre un record de 39,9 millions en 2019. Résultat, la Thaïlande a enregistré l’année dernière sa pire performance économique depuis plus de deux décennies, perdant environ 50 milliards de dollars de recettes touristiques.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#sante#thailande#circulation#frontiere#vaccination#tourisme#economie

  • Thailand feels the pinch of a golden week with no gold as Chinese stay home | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/economics/article/3150799/thailand-feels-pinch-golden-week-no-gold-chinese-stay-home

    Thailand feels the pinch of a golden week with no gold as Chinese stay home. The week-long Chinese holiday is usually one of tourism-reliant Thailand’s peak travel periods, but for the second year in a row it’s been all but cancelled by Covid-19
    The lack of visitors from China has also upended the dream of creating a modern, buzzing Chinatown community of shops, restaurants and spas around a temple and flea market on a busy main road in the kingdom’s popular eastern resort city.The seven-day holiday from October 1 to mark the founding of modern China is one of the country’s peak travel periods.
    “Golden week has been virtually non-existent here for two years now,” said Sasithorn Thepnimit, who runs one of the last two restaurants still open, a shelf packed with unsold “Luzhou” baiju behind her.“Ninety-nine per cent of my customers are Chinese. I used to have Chinese staff too, but they have gone back to the mainland so I have no one to help me do marketing for the Chinese people still living here.“By the end of this year without customers I’ll have to close down.”Thailand’s tourism-dependent economy has been battered by last year’s coronavirus-related border closures and a deadly surge in Covid-19
    infections since AprilThe pandemic has so far claimed about 16,600 lives and resulted in the mass shutdown of businesses including in Pattaya and the capital Bangkok. Some 3 million jobs in the tourism industry are feared lost.The World Bank this week cut its growth forecast for Thailand to just one per cent for this year after a six per cent contraction in 2020.As the virus caseload drops to 10,000 a day, authorities are relaxing restrictions and hoping to reopen Thailand to vaccinated visitors from November with limited or no quarantine.But as China shows no sign of easing its own tough quarantine rules for returning nationals, the economic woes of Pattaya – Thailand’s main tourist market – are expected to continue until next year. A quarter of the nearly 40 million tourists who visited the Southeast Asian nation annually before the pandemic were Chinese.
    Thailand welcomed about 825,000 visitors from mainland China during 2019’s golden week, according to the Tourism Authority of Thailand. Officials said fewer than 80,000 travellers in total entered the kingdom in the first six months of this year.In pre-pandemic times, Chinese visitors packed into new malls, floating markets, restaurants and spas constructed specifically to cater to them with particular lantern-swinging fanfare attached to Chinese national holidays.All are now empty, reliant on Thai tourists and a small number of foreign travellers.At Asiatique, the vast Bangkok riverside shopping zone which pre-pandemic thronged with Chinese tour groups, this is the second golden week with no gold, as the bazaar remains empty and the riverside restaurants closed.
    “Normally our sales during golden week are even higher than during Songkran [Thai New Year],” said Kritrada Boonyakornchanachok, owner of the Zui Hao Si snack shop, which used to sell dried fruits like durian, mango, mangosteen to Chinese tourists.
    (...) In the absence of Chinese tourists, Thailand is hanging hopes on India
    and eyeing Diwali, slated for early November, as an opportunity to lure Indian travellers to Thailand’s beaches, cheaper wedding venues and spa packages. In 2019, 2 million people travelled to Thailand from India, the third largest group after tourists from China and Malaysia. “Even though it will be difficult to match the number of visitors and revenue generated by Chinese travellers, Indian tourists can help support Thailand’s tourism industry during this time,” said Somsong Sachaphimukh, vice-president of the Thai Tourism Council.“Indian travellers have a lot of spending power and a lot of potential.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#chine#inde#sante#pandemie#tourisme#economie#frontiere#circulation

  • Coronavirus: Thailand, Japan cut quarantine for vaccinated travellers | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/australasia/article/3150247/australian-pm-plans-border-reopening-new-south-wales-seeks

    Coronavirus: Thailand, Japan cut quarantine for vaccinated travellers
    Thailand will halve its quarantine to seven days as it seeks to revive its tourism-dependent economy, while Japan will cut it from 14 to 10 days
    Thailand agreed to halve its mandatory quarantine to seven days for fully vaccinated visitors starting next month, and will remove any isolation period for such travellers in 10 key provinces including Bangkok in November to help revive its tourism-dependent economy. The country’s main Covid-19 task force also approved the reopening of a variety of businesses and services, including theatres, sports venues and nail salons, as of October 1, when a nightly curfew in many parts of the country will be cut by one hour, according to spokesman Taweesilp Visanuyothin. The new curfew hours will be from 10pm to 4am. The Southeast Asian nation previously delayed and adjusted its tourism-reopening programme several times due to low vaccination rates and concerns that the easing of rules would enable infections and hospitalisation to surge again. The programme began in July in the resort island of Phuket, after a high number of vaccine doses were delivered and administered.The latest decisions by the virus panel, chaired by Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, are part of its “living with Covid” strategy to restart the economy, while maintaining infections at a level that does not overwhelm Thailand’s health care system. The moves come after the pace of inoculations have been ramped up to major population and economic centres, with as many as 1 million doses administered daily in the past week. Before the pandemic in 2019, Thailand’s tourism sector attracted nearly 40 million visitors annually and generated about US$60 billion per year. Various plans to ease restrictions on both domestic and international travel, as well as an array of businesses have been hampered by vaccine shortages and clusters of infections in markets and factories.
    Quarantine days for unvaccinated air travellers cut to 10 days from 14
    Japan to shorten quarantine for vaccinated travellers. The Japanese government also said on Monday it will ease quarantine rules for people vaccinated against Covid-19 entering the country starting October 1, shortening the required period for self-isolating at home from 14 days to 10 days as it looks to restart international travel.
    People who have been fully vaccinated will be able to go outside as long as they test negative for the virus after 10 days following their arrival, Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato told a press conference. Only shots developed by Pfizer, Moderna or AstraZeneca are eligible. People travelling from any of 45 countries including Britain, India and the Philippines had been required to spend three of the 14 days in a government-designated facility, but will no longer be required to do so if they are fully vaccinated.
    Meanwhile, Japan plans to lift its Covid-19 state of emergency, which covers 19 prefectures, in all of the regions at the end of September, broadcaster NHK reported on Monday.Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said he discussed easing measures with relevant ministers on Monday, and would seek the views of a government panel of advisers on Tuesday.“We will make a final decision on the matter based on the advice and discussions we have with the government expert panel tomorrow,” he told reporters on Monday evening.If approved, Japan would be free of such emergency restrictions for the first time in nearly six months. Current measures require restaurants to close early and refrain from serving alcohol. People have been asked to avoid non-urgent outings and refrain from crossing prefectural borders.
    Japan saw a spike in cases over the summer as it struggled to contain the contagious Delta variant of the coronavirus, reaching a record high of 25,000 new daily infections. However, that number has dropped in recent weeks, and the country recorded just over 2,000 cases on Sunday. Over 57 per cent of the population is now fully vaccinated.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#japon#economie#tourisme#sante#frontiere#circurlation#vaccination

  • Time to lure back tourists, Thailand decides - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/09/time-to-lure-back-tourists-thailand-decides

    Time to lure back tourists, Thailand decides
    Vaccinated foreign travelers will be able to visit Bangkok and four other provinces without hotel quarantine. Thailand plans to reopen Bangkok to fully vaccinated visitors in October, officials said Friday, as the kingdom seeks to salvage a tourism industry hammered by the pandemic. Before Covid, tourism made up a fifth of Thailand’s national income but severe travel curbs imposed to fight the virus saw the usual flood of foreign visitors dwindle to almost nothing, contributing to the economy’s worst performance in over 20 years. The kingdom is pressing ahead with plans to reopen despite a deadly third wave of infections, driven by the Delta variant.
    The Tourism Authority of Thailand said that from October 1, fully jabbed foreign travellers will be able to visit Bangkok and four other provinces without undergoing two weeks’ hotel quarantine. Instead, the five areas – also including Chiang Mai, Chon Buri, Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces – are expected to follow a “sandbox” model of the type piloted since July in the holiday island of Phuket. Under the sandbox scheme, tourists have to stay within a certain area for seven days after arrival and take Covid tests.Later in October, 21 more destinations will be added to the list including Chiang Rai, Sukhothai and popular seaside getaway Rayong.
    But Thailand’s third and deadliest Covid wave has not yet fully subsided, and the tourism agency warned the plans could change.Thailand got through 2020 relatively unscathed by Covid, recording low numbers of infections, but since April the Delta variant has taken hold and cases have soared to more than 1.3 million, with almost 14,000 deaths. More than 29,000 fully vaccinated international visitors hit the beach at Phuket under its sandbox scheme, generating nearly $50 million in revenue according to government spokesman Thanakorn Wangboonkongchana.Three more Thai islands also reopened – Samui, Tao and Phangan – with slightly more onerous restrictions.One cloud hanging over Thailand’s tourism revival plans is the travel advice of other countries discouraging would-be tourists from visiting.Britain and the United States have warned against travel to Thailand because of rising case numbers and low vaccination rates.
    About 16 percent of the Thai population have received two coronavirus vaccine doses, the government’s Covid taskforce said. Thailand plans to reopen Bangkok to fully vaccinated visitors in October, officials said Friday, as the kingdom seeks to salvage a tourism industry hammered by the pandemic.Before Covid, tourism made up a fifth of Thailand’s national income but severe travel curbs imposed to fight the virus saw the usual flood of foreign visitors dwindle to almost nothing, contributing to the economy’s worst performance in over 20 years.The kingdom is pressing ahead with plans to reopen despite a deadly third wave of infections, driven by the Delta variant.
    The Tourism Authority of Thailand said that from October 1, fully jabbed foreign travellers will be able to visit Bangkok and four other provinces without undergoing two weeks’ hotel quarantine.Instead, the five areas – also including Chiang Mai, Chon Buri, Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces – are expected to follow a “sandbox” model of the type piloted since July in the holiday island of Phuket. Under the sandbox scheme, tourists have to stay within a certain area for seven days after arrival and take Covid tests.Later in October, 21 more destinations will be added to the list including Chiang Rai, Sukhothai and popular seaside getaway Rayong.
    But Thailand’s third and deadliest Covid wave has not yet fully subsided, and the tourism agency warned the plans could change.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#tourisme#frontiere#circulation#vaccination#variant

  • „Hier kommt man besser nur zum Sterben her“ Casuarina Jomtien Hotel & Baramie Residence (Jomtien) • HolidayCheck | Pattaya Thailand
    https://www.holidaycheck.de/hrd/casuarina-jomtien-hotel-baramie-residence-hier-kommt-man-besser-nur-zum-sterben-her/c84f8eed-5da3-31ed-ac5a-309fd4056176


    https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/169408591

    Was für ein schöner Verriss. Frank you made my day .

    Frank (41-45)
    Verreist als Paarim Dezember 2014für 2 Wochen
    Hier kommt man besser nur zum Sterben her

    Wer das Hotel aus den Bildern nur kennt, wie hier angezeigt, der wird sich wundern, denn die so hellen und lichten Bilder der Bungalows müssen mindestens 10 Jahre alt sein. Von der Realität so weit weg wie die nächste Galaxie. Die Bungalowanlage ist völlig zugewachsen mit allerlei Gewächs, so dass kein Lichtstrahl zu egal welcher Uhrzeit dahin durchdringt. (Bungalow 105 ist alt und total verlebt, wie alle anderen auch!) Die Zimmer selber sind geräumig und groß, die Betten sind eine einzige Katastrophe, wer schon immer die Brutstätte aller Mücken des Planeten kennenlernen wollte ist hier genau richtig! Dies liegt unter anderem daran, dass das Putzpersonal die Fenster und Türen während des Bettenmachens sperrangelweit aufläßt. Richtig geputzt wurde während unseres Aufenthaltes in unseren Zimmern jedenfalls nicht! Nach 1 Woche im Dschungelcampbungalow wo es eine Belegung mit 90% Russen gab, zogen wir dann gegen Aufpreis in das Seaviewgebäude, dessen Zimmer bereits vom Standard dem des 21. Jahrhunderts entsprachen. Es gab WiFi und 1 deutschen Fernsehsender (Deutsche Welle) sowie ein reichhaltiges Frühstücksangebot. Das Seaviewzimmer welches wir bewohnten (Zimmernummer 2001) war schon aufgrund der Lage im 1. Stock mit deutlich weniger Mücken versehen. Aber das Bettenproblem, alle samt Rollbetten mit Wandermatratzen blieb bestehen. Die Sanitärverhältnisse sind für hygieneverwöhnte Mitteleuropäer desolat. In der Toilette fehlen überall die Klobürsten, und nur das Putzpersonal verfügt über 1 Klobürste, die in allen Zimmern eingesetzt wird. Sagrotan läßt grüßen! Das ging gar nicht!!! Die hohen Bewertungen sind uns völlig unververständlich, scheinen sich aber aufgrund der Gästestruktur zu ergeben 70+. Deren Umgang mit Bewertungen im Internet sicher eine andere ist als in unserer Altersgruppe. Keinerlei Bespassung im Hotel oder am Pool, morgens läuft dort als Musik Walzer etc. oder die Titanik versinkt zum 200. mal. Die Poolbar macht erst um 11 Uhr auf, und um 20 Uhr zu, total überteuerte Preise im Hotel, denn für ein 0,3 l Fläschchen Bier zahlt man hier 120 Baht, gleich 3 Euro! In einem Minimarkt, von denen es nur 2 am Ort gibt, kostet das gleiche Bier 50 Baht. Mittlerweile hat das Hotel, welches vor 3 Jahren noch völlig in deutscher Hand war eine Wandlung in Richtung Russenbunker gemacht, wie alles dort in der Umgebung. Wenn man aends noch ein Bier in der Lobby/Restaurant trinken möchte, dann muss man sich schon selbst auf die Suche nach dem Kellner machen, denn der kommt so schnell nicht wieder!

    #Thailande #tourisme #wtf

  • Déclaration sur la répression du mouvement étudiant en Thaïlande

    Protestations contre l’incompétence et les abus du gouvernement en Thaïlande pendant la pandémie de Covid-19.

    Des milliers de partisans pro-démocratie, composés principalement d’étudiants, ont manifesté pacifiquement en Thaïlande les 1, 3, 7, 10 août 2021. Ils protestaient contre la mauvaise gestion, l’incompétence, le programme de vaccination inefficace et la corruption du gouvernement thaïlandais en ces temps de pandémie.

    Les manifestants ont exigé que le gouvernement du Premier ministre Prayuth Chan-ocha démissionne, que le budget de la monarchie et de l’armée soit réduit pendant la pandémie et que l’achat de vaccins contre le coronavirus à ARNm soit priorisé et conclu rapidement.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2021/08/14/declaration-sur-la-repression-du-mouvement-etudiant-en-

    #international #thailande

  • ’Phuket sandbox’ a faint ray of hope for Thai tourism - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/08/phuket-sandbox-a-faint-ray-of-hope-for-thai-tourism

    BANGKOK – The Phuket sandbox was successfully opened to fully vaccinated foreign tourists on July 1 but it remains to be seen if the experiment will flop due to surging numbers of Covid-19 cases and other life-threatening hazards.Under the sandbox rules (and there are many), fully vaccinated foreign tourists are allowed to visit Phuket Island, Thailand’s prime Andaman Sea beach resort, without being forced to quarantine in a hotel for 14 days, as is still the case in Bangkok and elsewhere in the kingdom.But visitors are also required to undergo three Covid tests during the first seven days of their stay and must remain on the island for the first 14 days, after which they are allowed to leave for some select destinations. Prior to the scheme’s launch, nearly 70% of the island’s population of about 500,000 were vaccinated, including almost 100% of the staff working at 420 certified hotels and restaurants designated as Sandbox participants.
    The scheme, the brainchild of various Phuket-based tourism and business associations with the backing of the Phuket governor and local authorities, was designed to prevent foreign visitors from spreading Covid to the local population and to make foreign tourists feel safe from the viral pandemic, which has now become a threat to even vaccinated people via the more contagious Delta variant. Most of the island’s new Covid cases have been found among Thais traveling to Phuket from other provinces, many of them being forced to flee Bangkok where the pandemic has forced new lockdowns and exacerbated unemployment. As of August 4, at least 46 incoming tourists had tested positive for Covid-19 out of 16,060 arrivals since July 1.
    On August 3, Phuket Governor Narong Woonciew sealed off the entire island to Thai travelers from other provinces, even if they were returning to their homes. All domestic flights to the island were also canceled, forcing some Phuket sandbox tourists to take buses to Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi Airport to catch their flights home.Phuket, which pre-Covid was the second wealthiest province in Thailand after Bangkok in terms of per capita income, is almost entirely dependent on tourism. In 2019, some 14 million tourists including 9 million foreigners visited Phuket, earning the island some 450 billion baht (US$13.5 billion) in revenue. Last year, the island province’s tourism revenue fell to 108 billion baht, generated from tourists who arrived during the first quarter of 2021 before the Covid pandemic prompted a ban on foreign tourist arrivals nationwide. During the first half of 2021, the take was only 5.2 billion baht, according to the Thai Ministry of Sports and Tourism.In pre-Covid Thailand, tourism generated about 18% of gross domestic product (GDP). With the third wave of Covid, which started in April leading to a spike in cases and deaths and forcing new lockdowns, the Bank of Thailand last week trimmed its forecast for gross domestic product (GDP) growth this year to 0.7%, down from the previous projection of 1.8%. Chinese tourists, who accounted for 28% of the 40 million-plus tourist arrivals in pre-Covid 2019, face international travel bans at home, which will likely exclude their numbers from the Phuket sandbox.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#chine#sante#tourisme#vaccination#frontiere#economie

  • Tourists land as Phuket reopens despite Covid surge - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/07/tourists-land-as-phuket-reopens-despite-covid-surge

    Tourists land as Phuket reopens despite Covid surge
    On Thursday, 249 passengers on four flights from Israel, Abu Dhabi, Qatar and Singapore were expected to land. The first international travelers for a quarantine-free scheme will touch down in the holiday hotspot of Phuket this week, as Thailand tries to reboot its depleted tourism industry despite enduring its worst virus outbreak.Tourism makes up almost a fifth of the economy. But pandemic-spurred restrictions saw Thailand registering its worst performance since the 1997 Asian financial crisis. The kingdom is pinning high hopes for a much-needed revival on the so-called “Phuket sandbox” – a model that will allow vaccinated travelers to visit without a quarantine period.
    On Thursday, 249 passengers aboard four flights from Israel, Abu Dhabi, Qatar and Singapore were expected to land on the island – where its sandy beaches have been relatively deserted since the pandemic. The arrivals come as Thailand weathers its worst Covid-19 wave since an April discovery of fresh clusters – and the worrying emergence of the Alpha and Delta variants. Nationwide, the present case tally is at 259,301. But Phuket remains relatively unscathed as Thai authorities have rolled out a mass vaccination campaign in preparation, with a claimed 70% of residents inoculated with at least one dose. A command center tracking foreign visitors’ movements via mobile app, which tourists are required to install upon arrival, will also monitor for potential outbreaks.
    Besides being fully vaccinated, tourists must remain in Phuket for a fortnight if they wish to travel to the rest of Thailand, and take three Covid-19 tests during this period – a substantial expenditure for a family.
    Kongsak added that authorities had downgraded its sandbox entry forecast of 129,000 visitors in the third quarter to 100,000.Delays in government approval for the scheme have caused headaches for scores of prospective travelers – who flocked online to air their grievances.“It is disappointing the communication has been so poor and new requirements without any detail are being created after the fact,” said an American traveler.She added she had spent hours phoning consulates across the US to get her paperwork processed – to no avail.But even a trickle of visitors will be a lifeline for desperate vendors like Thewan Phromyang, who rents out deck chairs at Phuket’s Patong Beach.Pre-pandemic, Thailand had expected 40 million visitors to arrive in 2020 – a far cry from the 6.7 million who made it through strict border restrictions.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#phuket#trourisme#sante#frontiere#israel#abudhabi#qatar#singapore

  • HK eases quarantine rules for summer travelers - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/06/hk-eases-quarantine-rules-for-summer-travelers

    HK eases quarantine rules for summer travelers
    Health experts warn that reducing the quarantine period from 21 to seven days may lead to virus outbreak in Hong Kong. Fully vaccinated Hong Kong residents will be allowed to be quarantined for seven days instead of 14 when returning from tourist destinations such as Thailand and Europe from June 30. Foreigners who have Covid-19 antibodies will also be required to bisolated for only one week when entering the city by the end of July, according to the special administrative region government. They will have to reserve a hotel room for 14 days and undergo a Covid-19 antibody test on the second or third day after their arrival. If the result is positive, they can leave the designated hotel a week earlier. The new rules will only be applied to people arriving from Group B and C specified places or high and medium-risk places such as France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Singapore, Taiwan and mainland China. Travelers from Group A1 specified places or extremely high-risk places such as Brazil, India and the Philippines, and Group A2 specified places or very high-risk places such as Ireland and Indonesia will be quarantined for 21 days.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#hongkong#sante#circulation#frontiere#vaccination#tourisme#thailande#europe#quarantaine#test

  • Thailand approves Phuket ‘sandbox’ plan to allow vaccinated tourists in without quarantine | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/health-environment/article/3138344/thailand-approves-phuket-sandbox-plan-allow-vaccinated

    Thailand approves Phuket ‘sandbox’ plan to allow vaccinated tourists in without quarantine. Under the pilot scheme, over 70 per cent of the island’s population will be vaccinated before it reopens to tourists from certain countries on July 1. But industry insiders hoping for a tourism boost fear the lucrative Chinese tour groups will not return until next year
    Government spokesman Anucha Burapachaisri confirmed the cabinet had officially given the scheme its blessing.But Chinese tourists – who made up over a quarter of Thailand’s 40 million visitors in 2019 – are not expected to return to the Andaman Sea island in substantial numbers for several months yet, as Beijing keeps in place safeguards to prevent the virus seeping back from overseas.That suggests a slow restart, which will give Phuket time to rebuild its decimated tourism industry – from out of work tour guides and boat owners, to derelict restaurants and bars – and welcome back the first visitors to uncluttered beaches and resorts on what was the world’s most visited tourist island before the pandemic, according to TripAdvisor.
    Phuket authorities say under the sandbox plan, just over 70 per cent of the population on Thailand’s largest island will be vaccinated before it reopens to inoculated international tourists from low- and medium-risk countries without the need for quarantine on July 1. After a two-week stay on the island, tourists with negative PCR test results can then travel on to the rest of the kingdom freely, teasing long-stay visitors back to Thailand, whose tourist economy lost about US$50 billion last year. It is a litmus test for the rest of Thailand – from Pattaya in the east to Chiang Mai in the north – but also a chance to reflate the travel bubble concept across Asia, which burst as outbreaks rattled through key travel hubs Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan. Yet in a sign of the fragility of any plans during an ongoing global pandemic, health authorities on Tuesday reported 4,000 new cases across Thailand – including clusters of hundreds found at markets – amid warnings the sandbox could be quickly closed if cases surge on the island.
    The caseload in mainland Thailand is at its highest since the pandemic began last year and mixed messages from the government, including a nationwide alcohol ban that has put a downer on the nightlife scene, have confused some potential visitors or turned them off completely ahead of the July 1 reopening.
    Thailand’s government has for months resisted pressure from the hospitality lobby, which is desperate to reopen and for quarantine to be definitively scrapped to lure back tourists. The sandbox scheme is being closely watched with major hoteliers wary of the potential for Thai bureaucracy to weigh down the project and the government to issue conflicting information to the public.In a televised address last week, Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha declared Thailand would be fully open within 120 days, or by early October, but his stance has already shown signs of softening.With the Chinese government restrictions on travelling, I think we still have to wait for a while Bhummikitti Ruktaengam, Phuket Tourism Association. To avoid the tangle of a sluggish government-led vaccine roll-out, Phuket authorities procured their own jabs outside state quotas and raced ahead of the rest of the country to inoculate islanders. They say they have vaccinated 50 to 60 per cent of the population. The big ticket is Chinese tourists. Eleven million visited Thailand in 2019, with millions heading to Phuket during the Lunar New Year festival in 2020 shortly before the pandemic closed global borders.But Chinese are reluctant to travel overseas – if they are able to at all – with stringent two- or three-week quarantines upon return and rules changing overnight as Beijing takes a zero-tolerance approach to dousing clusters of the virus. Industry insiders fear the lucrative Chinese tour groups will not return until next year.
    “There’s a big demand coming out of China and Phuket is still one of their top destinations,” said Bhummikitti of Phuket Tourism Association. “But with the Chinese government restrictions on travelling, I think we still have to wait for a while.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#chine#japon#sante#tourisme#vaccination#economie#circulation#frontiere

  • US expats plead for vaccine help in viral Thailand - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/05/us-expats-plea-for-vaccine-help-in-viral-thailand

    US expats plead for vaccine help in viral Thailand. US Embassy in Bangkok turns a deaf ear to expat cries for vaccines while China mass vaccinates its nationals in the kingdom
    – Some of President Joe Biden’s and his predecessor Donald Trump’s most active boosters in Southeast Asia have joined forces, demanding the US State Department vaccinate all American expats in Thailand as a model for international distribution, instead of discriminating against them. “Biden has publicly announced that all Americans now have access to vaccines, but the government and State seem to have forgotten about us Americans living abroad,” said the chair of Democrats Abroad in Thailand, Paul Risley.
    “What are we, chopped liver? “These are vaccines, offered for free to all in the US, and most of them have been manufactured with taxpayer dollars.”Some worried American expats plan “to fly back to the US, costly and risky travel that might bring variants back to the US,” Risley said.Americans arriving from Bangkok may have to stay in the US for at least a month, to get two shots of an approved vaccine. “Some Americans may simply be too old to make the long flights, and journey, back to the US,” he said. In addition to air tickets and other travel expenses, freshly vaccinated Americans would “then have to pay for mandatory two-week hotel quarantine” back in Thailand.
    White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki says the US has not historically provided private health care for its citizens abroad. “We have not historically provided private healthcare for Americans living overseas, so that remains our policy,” White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki told reporters in May.
    The State Department said in December, “If a US citizen wants to return to the United States, but does not have access to sufficient funds for the cost of the ticket, the Department of State is able to offer a loan to cover the cost of a flight home.”A recent State Department’s official “Q & A” travel advisory, highlighted its own possible Catch-22:“If airlines start requiring Covid-19 vaccination to travel – or the US government starts requiring vaccination or negative tests to enter the United States – will US citizens get stranded abroad? How will the State Department help them?”The State Department answered itself, “We urge US citizens traveling, or resident abroad, to make their own arrangements regarding their medical care.”Reuters reported on April 16 that the State Department said it had shipped vaccinations to 220 American embassies and consulates worldwide for their diplomats and other employees.
    Democrats Abroad signed an unprecedented joint appeal with its arch-rival Republicans Overseas Thailand, plus the Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 12074, and the American Women’s Club of Thailand, addressed to Secretary of State Antony Blinken on May 6.They suggested Thailand as a pilot location, for global vaccination of Americans abroad.“Fulfill the pledge made by President Biden to make coronavirus vaccines available to all Americans,” the letter said.An estimated nine million private American citizens do not live in the US, including tens of thousands in Thailand. Many pay US taxes, vote, and often visit their American hometowns.“In this particular case, all of us are on board,” Tony Rodriguez, vice president of Republicans Overseas Asia, told US-government broadcaster Voice of America (VOA).“Obviously, there’s plenty of vaccines in America. Just get them on a plane and fly them over,” Rodriguez said.American expats are demanding US-made Pfizer and Moderna, seen as the best vaccines, be distributed to them via the American Embassy in Bangkok and Consulate in Chiang Mai, a northern city.The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention operates its biggest overseas facilities in Bangkok. Some expats and Thais are also envious of China’s bold program to mass vaccinate Chinese citizens currently in Thailand and elsewhere – contrary to virtually every other foreign government’s inhospitable international Covid-19 treatment of its expats.While Thailand’s total pandemic death toll neared 1,000 people, Bangkok told all expats to wait. A medical worker inoculates a woman with the Sinovac vaccine in Bangkok. Americans in Thailand are demanding Pfizer or Moderna jabs.“The Health Ministry plans to vaccinate Thais first,” Bangkok Metropolitan Administration’s Health Department director Panruedee Manomaipiboon announced on May 14.
    “We will try our best to vaccinate Thais within two months – namely June and July – and then try to open foreign resident registration in August.”
    About one million Thais and others have already received AstraZeneca jabs. (...) Beijing scored another diplomatic and financial success when a government-controlled corporation arranged to sell China’s second vaccine – Sinopharm – to the Chulabhorn Royal Foundation, which is sponsored by King Maha Vajiralongkorn’s sister, Princess Chulabhorn.(...) Risley meanwhile is campaigning hard. He told VOA’s Thai language broadcast, “Americans who live abroad need to be vaccinated, for the same reasons that Americans who live in the United States need to be vaccinated.“It’s the only way to stop Covid-19.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#etatsunis#chine#sante#vaccination#expatrie#santepublique#vaccination#inclusion

  • Net rebond de la pandémie en Asie du Sud-Est
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2021/04/30/net-rebond-de-la-pandemie-en-asie-du-sud-est_6078685_3210.html

    Les trois « bons élèves » de la planète Covid, Thaïlande, Cambodge et Laos, trois pays d’Asie du Sud-Est qui avaient su jusque-là faire preuve d’une maîtrise singulièrement efficace de la pandémie, connaissent à leur tour un rebond inquiétant des infections. Si les taux de diffusion du virus restent relativement bas, comparés au reste du monde, ils n’en sont pas moins alarmants.En Thaïlande, les décès dus au Covid-19 ont plus que doublé en un mois : entre le début de la pandémie et vendredi 30 avril, 178 personnes sont mortes du virus. Chaque jour, plus de 2 000 cas positifs supplémentaires sont désormais signalés, portant à 61 700 le nombre d’infections.Pour une population de près de 70 millions d’habitants, ces chiffres sont certes incomparables avec les situations cauchemardesques en train de se développer en Inde ou en Amérique latine, et restent très en deçà des statistiques françaises et celles d’autres pays européens. Face à cette nouvelle flambée inattendue, les autorités ont cependant pris des mesures strictes dans un pays où la crainte du virus est particulièrement aiguë (...).
    La cause de ce rebond épidémique, qui est en train de placer sur la sellette le premier ministre, Prayuth Chan-o-cha, et son très controversé ministre de la santé, Anuthin Charnvirakul, a été provoquée au début du mois par l’apparition de clusters dans des boîtes de nuit du quartier de Thonglor, à Bangkok. Les mouvements de population dans tout le pays à l’occasion de Songkran, le Nouvel An thaïlandais – qui tombe le 13 avril –, n’ont rien arrangé.Les opposants au gouvernement accusent le premier ministre de mauvaise gestion et se déchaînent contre le ministre de la santé, qualifié d’incapable. Une pétition qui a déjà réuni plusieurs centaines de milliers de signatures circule pour demander sa démission. Selon un sondage, près de 80 % des Thaïlandais font peu ou pas du tout confiance dans la capacité gouvernementale à maîtriser le virus.
    « La Thaïlande n’a pas perdu le contrôle de l’épidémie », avance néanmoins François Nosten, professeur en médecine tropicale installé dans le pays depuis trente ans. Célèbre pour la lutte sans relâche qu’il mène pour l’éradication du paludisme, le directeur de la Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, basée dans la ville de Mae Sot, à la frontière birmane, estime que « jusqu’à 3 000 cas par jour, les autorités peuvent gérer la propagation du virus. Au-delà, cela deviendrait problématique ». Le médecin français souligne aussi que la Thaïlande dispose de « l’un des meilleurs systèmes de santé de la région », avantage auquel s’ajoute un réseau étendu de volontaires bénévoles, ainsi qu’une politique résolue de tests et de traçage des cas contacts.
    Si l’épidémie devait se développer dans des proportions inquiétantes, les hôpitaux n’auraient toutefois pas la capacité d’absorber le nombre de malades gravement atteints dans un pays où toute personne positive est contrainte à l’hospitalisation – même si elle n’a pas développé de symptômes. D’immenses hôpitaux de campagne, similaires à ceux montés par les Chinois à Wuhan, épicentre originel de la pandémie, ont été ouverts autour de Bangkok et de Chiangmai pour accueillir des personnes testées positives sans symptômes graves.Le Cambodge avait, lui aussi, semblé avoir été épargné par le virus. Mais la courbe des cas a soudainement augmenté depuis fin février avant de faire un bond spectaculaire – à la verticale – mi-avril, passant d’une cinquantaine d’infections journalières à des pics de plus de 600. A ce jour, 88 morts ont été recensés pour 11 761 cas – une hausse plus que significative dans ce royaume de 17 millions d’habitants. Les raisons de cette brutale augmentation s’expliquent par la fuite, de l’hôtel où elles effectuaient une quarantaine de rigueur, de quatre Chinoises fraîchement arrivées de République populaire : le 20 février, elles ont donné de l’argent à leurs gardes en échange d’une permission de sortie. Les jeunes femmes, dont deux avaient été testées positives au Covid-19, sont ensuite allées faire la fête dans Phnom Penh, dispersant le virus dans la capitale.A Phnom Penh, où un confinement est en vigueur depuis la mi-avril, les autorités sanitaires ont annoncé que la capacité hospitalière avait déjà été dépassée et que des écoles et des bâtiments normalement réservés à des fêtes de mariage avaient été transformés en centres médicaux. Hun Sen a menacé de prison tout contrevenant aux nouvelles réglementations. La fermeture des marchés alimentaires risque d’avoir des conséquences sérieuses pour tous les travailleurs précaires et les ouvriers du textile, l’un des secteurs d’activité les plus importants du pays, qui font face à des difficultés d’approvisionnement en nourriture.
    L’exemple du Laos montre que nul pays n’est à l’abri d’une nouvelle vague. Ce petit pays de 7 millions d’habitants, enclavé entre la Chine, la Thaïlande, le Vietnam et le Cambodge, et dirigé de main de fer par un Parti communiste issu de la guerre du Vietnam et de la « révolution » de 1975, avait longtemps fait figure d’exception : selon les chiffres officiels, tandis qu’aucun mort n’était à déplorer, le niveau d’infection est resté quasi négligeable durant des mois. Tout a basculé durant la fête du Pi Mai – le Nouvel An laotien – quand une jeune femme a contracté le virus après avoir festoyé avec des Thaïlandais ayant clandestinement franchi le Mékong, au niveau de la capitale, Vientiane.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#laos#cambodge#thailande#chine#sante#contamination#circulation#frontiere