• #TikTok is China’s next big weapon

    Chinese social media is largely impenetrable for most in the West — just check out their memes — but Sino tech giants have their eye on owning the U.S. market, evidenced by the rise of TikTok.

    Why it matters: While the video-based app simply seems like a benign platform for Gen Zers to make and share funny memes, it’s could become a Chinese vacuum for coveted American data.

    It has made its top creators into bona fide celebrities, as evidenced by a look at YouTube’s annual VidCon by The Atlantic’s Taylor Lorenz.

    Between the lines: TikTok’s “parent company, ByteDance, recently valued at more than $75 billion, bills itself first as an artificial intelligence company, not a creator of mission-driven social platforms,” per the New York Times. Its secret sauce: “Apparently you just … show [users] things, and let a powerful artificial intelligence take notes.”

    Ceding that control to TikTok should be worrying, according to a Times op-ed: “Those who complain that American firms like Facebook are invasive and unaccountable are unlikely to prefer China’s tech giants, which are often cowed by, and collaborating with, the Party-State’s opaque and irascible censorship and surveillance apparatus.”
    And you can’t escape Chinese social media giants on American platforms. As Axios’ Sara Fischer reported, ByteDance spent $1 billion advertising TikTok in the U.S. in 2018, growing its audience by buying ads on Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat.
    A similar privacy controversy played out this week with FaceApp, which is owned by a Russian startup, over its use of photos and possible access to users’ photo libraries.

    The state of play: There are even possible national security concerns, as New America’s Graham Webster told Axios’ Erica Pandey, “Say there’s a sensitive U.S. military officer with a kid who’s making memes on TikTok. Is it possible that there’s data being collected through that usage that could be useful to a Chinese intelligence service? Yeah, that’s possible. But we haven’t seen evidence of that yet.”

    Earlier this year, the Chinese company that purchased the gay dating app Grindr was forced to agree to sell the company by 2020 and had restrictions placed on its access and use of data by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S. (CFIUS) due to national security concerns, per Bloomberg.
    CFIUS doesn’t have to publicly announce its work and can review companies and deals without being asked — meaning it could already have its all-powerful regulatory eye on ByteDance and TikTok.

    The other side: TikTok says that its “user data is stored and processed in the U.S. and other markets where TikTok operates at industry-leading third-party data centers. It’s important to clarify that TikTok does not operate in China and that the government of the People’s Republic of China has no access to TikTok users’ data.”

    Yes, but: Quartz’s David Carroll discovered that TikTok’s privacy policy in late 2018 indicated that user data could be shared “with any member or affiliate of [its] group” in China. It later confirmed to him that “data from TikTok users who joined the service before February 2019 may have been processed in China.”

    The big picture: The murkiness of TikTok’s structure could preview a trend as Chinese companies eye the U.S. and its troves of data. Lorenz’s piece touched on an unaffiliated shadow event occurring beside VidCon: the East-West Forum, held by the Tencent-backed Qingteng Club. It “was targeted toward Chinese tech execs looking to enter the American market.” As one attendee told her about the off-the-record event...

    “It was mostly people from Chinese companies trying to learn from Americans; they wanted to know what problems we could have here so they could take those learnings back to China.”
    “Chinese execs were basically like, Tell us everything wrong with your platforms.”

    The bottom line: While the Big Tech behemoths of the U.S. are barred from making inroads in China, the inverse doesn’t apply. That could mark an opening front in the ongoing technological and economic war between the two rivals.

    #Chine #réseaux_sociaux

    ping @etraces

  • TikTok’s local moderation guidelines ban pro-LGBT content

    Chinese-owned social media app bans such content even in countries where homosexuality has never been illegal TikTok’s efforts to provide locally sensitive moderation have resulted in it banning any content that could be seen as positive to gay people or gay rights, down to same-sex couples holding hands, even in countries where homosexuality has never been illegal, the Guardian can reveal. The rules were applied on top of the general moderation guidelines, first reported by the Guardian (...)

    #TikTok #censure #LGBT #surveillance #web


  • Revealed : how TikTok censors videos that do not please Beijing

    Leak spells out how social media app advances China’s foreign policy aims TikTok, the popular Chinese-owned social network, instructs its moderators to censor videos that mention Tiananmen Square, Tibetan independence, or the banned religious group Falun Gong, according to leaked documents detailing the site’s moderation guidelines. The documents, revealed by the Guardian for the first time, lay out how ByteDance, the Beijing-headquartered technology company that owns TikTok, is advancing (...)

    #TikTok #censure #surveillance #web


  • Teen video app TikTok is the latest battlefield in the Kashmir conflict - MIT Technology Review

    Kovind’s move delivered on a promise from India’s general elections in May, in which Narendra Modi of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, or BJP, was elected prime minister (constitutional orders like this one can only be carried out by the appointed president). But it’s having unintended consequences. Outside Kashmir, social media has been buzzing about Article 370, and Google searches for terms like “kashmir girl,” kashmiri girl,” and “kashmiri girl pic” have spiked.

    It’s not that Article 370 banned non-Kashmiris or Hindus from marrying Kashmiris, who are predominantly Muslim. But it did make it impossible for the children of such marriages to inherit land—an effort to preserve Kashmiri autonomy in the region. Without Article 370, anyone can own land there.

    That’s where the search term “Kashmiri girls” comes in. Its use began to climb on July 28, as tensions began brewing between the Indian and Kashmiri governments. By the time communication was shut down in the region, it was spiking on Google Trends.

    Why? Hindu nationalists are using the term to suggest that since the law does not inhibit Indians from owning land in the region, it would be possible for men to marry Kashmiri girls and women—perhaps even against their will (unfortunately not unheard-of in some localities)—and become landowners. The endgame appears to be to turn the majority-Muslim region majority-Hindu.

    And it’s a surprisingly widespread phenomenon. Declarations of intent to marry Kashmiri women to “reclaim” the disputed region are popping up across a variety of social platforms, from Facebook to Twitter to the fast-growing TikTok, which as of April had around 120 million active users in India. Huffington Post India chronicled one user’s videos since the end of Article 370. They show him and some friends planning to go to Kashmir, “since I am not getting women in Delhi.”

    The comments show both the misogyny and the racism in how the situation is playing out on social media. The mentality recalls that seen in the sometimes violent, largely online group of people in the US who identify as “incels”: They can’t get women in India, so why not lay claim to light-skinned women, plus land and religious superiority in the bargain?

    It’s the latest episode in what’s been a bumpy ride since TikTok, then known as Musical.ly, first launched in India a little less than a year ago. At first, it got traction among users who liked to lip-synch to Bollywood tunes. But in early April, just a few weeks before the election, TikTok was banned after a court ruled it contained “pornographic” content and exposed children to sexual predators. The company responded by removing videos. By April 18, the Supreme Court of India had ordered the ban removed from Apple’s App Store and Google’s Play Store.

    What ultimately is making TikTok so attractive for disseminating hate, then, is exactly what makes users love it in the first place: an easy interface, short-video capabilities, and a platform on which all ideas can spread like wildfire.

    #TikTok #Cachemire #Médias_sociaux

  • TikTok under investigation over child data use

    UK inquiry looking at whether video-sharing app breaches data protection law

    The video-sharing app TikTok is under investigation in the UK for how it handles the personal data of its young users, and whether it prioritises the safety of children on its social network. Elizabeth Denham, the information commissioner, told a parliamentary committee the investigation began in February, prompted by a multimillion-dollar fine from the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for similar violations. “We (...)

    #enfants #TikTok #BigData #profiling #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #marketing (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC

  • Qu’a-t-on à apprendre des réseaux sociaux chinois ?

    En Chine, les réseaux sociaux se sont développés avec des mécanismes radicalement différents de l’occident. Les spécialistes surveillent aujourd’hui ces évolutions de très près, autant pour essayer de pénétrer le marché chinois que pour essayer d’en tirer certaines leçons. En Chine, les réseaux sociaux se sont développés avec des mécanismes parfois radicalement différents de l’occident. Les spécialistes surveillent aujourd’hui ces évolutions de très près, autant pour essayer de pénétrer le marché chinois que (...)

    #Alibaba #Google #Sina_Corp #Instagram #WhatsApp #WeChat #Alibaba.com #Amazon #Facebook #Paypal #Skype #Uber #algorithme #smartphone #SocialNetwork #domination #marketing #web #publicité (...)

    ##publicité ##TikTok

  • Vie privée des enfants : pourquoi YouTube fait l’objet d’une enquête fédérale aux États-Unis

    YouTube fait l’objet d’une enquête du gouvernement américain à cause de la faible protection de ses jeunes utilisateurs mineurs. La plateforme devra régler le problème au plus vite. YouTube va devoir agir, et vite. Une enquête du gouvernement fédéral américain est sur le point d’aboutir à son sujet. Elle concerne la protection des mineurs sur la plateforme et surtout celle de leurs données personnelles qui serait insuffisante, a révélé le Washington Post mercredi 19 juin.

    YouTube aura-t-il une amende ? (...)

    #Google #YouTube #TikTok #BigData #publicité #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #COPPA #enfants (...)

    ##publicité ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC

  • YouTube under federal investigation over allegations it violates children’s privacy

    The U.S. government is in the late stages of an investigation into YouTube for allegedly violating children’s privacy, according to four people familiar with the matter, in a probe that threatens the company with a potential fine and already has prompted the tech giant to reevaluate some of its business practices. The Federal Trade Commission launched its investigation after numerous complaints from consumer groups and privacy advocates, according to the four people, who spoke on the (...)

    #Google #YouTube #TikTok #COPPA #enfants #BigData #publicité #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) (...)

    ##publicité ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC

  • Microsoft workers decry grueling ’996’ working standard at Chinese tech firms

    A letter on Github demanded companies comply with labor laws, limiting workers to 40 hours a week versus a 12-hour day standard Microsoft employees have published a letter on the software development platform Github in solidarity with tech workers in China. Workers at tech companies in the country have used the Microsoft-owned platform to complain about grueling working conditions and the “996” standard in the industry, a philosophy endorsed by the tech billionaire Jack Ma. The name is (...)

    #Ant #Huawei #Microsoft #Alibaba.com #TikTok #travail


  • TikTok, l’application chinoise à la conquête des ados du monde

    La France n’échappe pas à cette déferlante. La formule fonctionne particulièrement chez les 11-14 ans (38 % déclarent avoir un compte sur TikTok), et chez les filles (57,82 % de cette tranche d’âge), selon une enquête de l’association Génération numérique auprès de 7 421 jeunes de moins de 18 ans.

    Contrairement à ses concurrents, TikTok – version exportée de Douyin –, ne vient pas de la Silicon Valley, mais de Pékin. C’est la première fois qu’une entreprise chinoise parvient à s’exporter avec un tel succès. Derrière cette application se trouve ByteDance, la start-up la plus chère du monde – devant l’américain Uber –, qui est valorisée 75 milliards de dollars (66,78 milliards d’euros) depuis son dernier tour de table, fin 2018, où ses soutiens, dont Softbank, ont aligné 3 milliards de dollars de plus.

    Se plonger dans TikTok, c’est voir Internet résumé en vidéos de quinze secondes : des miniscènes parfois drôles, d’autres fois ridicules, souvent inventives

    Se plonger dans TikTok, c’est voir Internet résumé en vidéos de quinze secondes : des miniscènes parfois drôles, d’autres fois ridicules, souvent inventives.

    L’idée originale était de jouer une scène ou une chanson en play-back. Mais d’autres font quelques pas de danse, ou des tours de force avec, en fond sonore, le dernier tube de pop à la mode. Les adolescents s’y lancent des défis. A mesure que le public évolue, les contenus deviennent plus variés : certains résument une recette de cuisine, quand d’autres montrent en accéléré l’élaboration d’un dessin, ou d’un bricolage. Il y a beaucoup de filles, quelques garçons et, bien sûr, beaucoup de chats.
    Mettre son cerveau sur pause

    Bref, ouvrir TikTok, c’est mettre son cerveau sur pause pour un moment. Quasiment pas de publicité pour l’instant (la version chinoise en compte beaucoup plus), des vidéos trop courtes pour être élaborées… TikTok ne fait que du divertissement, avec une efficacité redoutable. « L’expérience est captivante : ce n’est pas comme Youtube ou Instragram. Là, c’est du micro-contenu. Ça marche très bien sur mobile, avec les vidéos verticales, plein écran, c’est très immersif », décrit Matthew Brennan, expert de l’industrie du Web en Chine et fondateur du cabinet de marketing China Channel.

    Surtout, TikTok excelle à découvrir les goûts de ses utilisateurs. En ouvrant l’application vous tombez sur une vidéo. Elle ne vous plaît pas ? Un coup de doigt vers le haut, et vous passez à la suivante. Rapidement, les vidéos proposées sont mieux ciblées.

    « L’algorithme apprend ce qui vous plaît vraiment vite, poursuit M. Brennan. C’est la force de ByteDance : toutes leurs plates-formes fonctionnent avec la même technologie de recommandation. C’est très puissant ! » L’entreprise a, en effet, percé avec Jinri Toutiao, un agrégateur d’informations lancé en 2012. L’application, qui sélectionne des articles selon vos goûts, fait fureur.
    Les autorités s’interrogent

    Douyin, la version chinoise de TikTok, a vu le jour en septembre 2016. C’est un clone d’une autre application chinoise, Musical.ly, fondée deux ans plus tôt. Mais Musical.ly, plus centrée sur les vidéos musicales, type karaoké, trouve son public à l’étranger alors que Douyin, plus généraliste, gagne du terrain en Chine. L’année suivante, ByteDance rachète Musical.ly pour 1 milliard de dollars et intègre les deux applications. Une acquisition déterminante pour l’expansion de Douyin à l’étranger, qui récupère les clients de Musical.ly et se déploie à l’international à grands coups de campagnes publicitaires.
    Article réservé à nos abonnés Lire aussi En Chine, Douyin taille des croupières à WeChat

    Face à ce succès, les autorités s’interrogent. En France, la police a, en novembre 2018, mis en garde contre l’utilisation de la plate-forme par des prédateurs sexuels, les jeunes filles se mettant en scène dans des positions parfois suggestives. L’application a été interdite au Bangladesh, et temporairement en Indonésie, où elle était accusée de promouvoir « la pornographie et le blasphème ». En Inde, une proposition de loi vise à obliger TikTok à filtrer les contenus pour purger l’application des vidéos « dangereuses ». C’est déjà le cas en Chine, où elle a été pointée du doigt pour la publication de contenus « inacceptables ».

    Plus récemment, TikTok s’est fait épingler aux Etats-Unis, le 27 février. Le groupe a dû payer 5,7 millions de dollars d’amende à la commission fédérale du commerce pour avoir collecté les adresses mails d’enfants de moins de 13 ans, sans le consentement de leurs parents.

    #TikTok #Médias_sociaux #Adolescents

  • TikTok video-sharing app fined for collection of children’s data

    App to set up ‘age-appropiate’ rules for under-13s to comply with US data protection laws TikTok, the popular video-sharing app formerly known as Musical.ly, has agreed to a record $5.7m (£4.2m) fine with the US Federal Trade Commission after being accused of illegally collecting personal information from children under 13. The app, which is owned by the Chinese giant Bytedance, a private startup with a $75bn valuation, admitted to improper data collection in a statement following the (...)

    #TikTok #enfants #BigData #procès #FTC


  • A Generation Grows Up in China Without Google, Facebook or Twitter

    Wei Dilong, 18, who lives in the southern Chinese city of Liuzhou, likes basketball, hip-hop music and Hollywood superhero movies. He plans to study chemistry in Canada when he goes to college in 2020. Mr. Wei is typical of Chinese teenagers in another way, too : He has never heard of Google or Twitter. He once heard of Facebook, though. It is “maybe like Baidu ?” he asked one recent afternoon, referring to China’s dominant search engine. A generation of Chinese is coming of age with an (...)

    #Google #Tencent #Baidu #Facebook #Instagram #Twitter #WeChat #algorithme #smartphone #domination #censure #TikTok #web #surveillance (...)