Infographic: The History of Pandemics, by Death Toll
The History of Pandemics
Pan·dem·ic /panˈdemik/ (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.
As humans have spread across the world, so have infectious diseases. Even in this modern era, outbreaks are nearly constant, though not every outbreak reaches pandemic level as the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has.
Today’s visualization outlines some of history’s most deadly pandemics, from the Antonine Plague to the current COVID-19 event.
A Calais, la frontière tue ! In Calais, the border kills !
Deaths at the Calais Border
Uncountable lives are wasted and suffer at the hands of the Calais border regime. There is no accurate count of how many people have died. This is a list of people known in Calais or from news reports.
For sure there will have been more, their deaths ignored, the facts covered up or altogether unreported. Many already go unnamed, without vigils and protests, without families or friends to advocate on their behalf.
But we will never let these deaths be silenced. We will not forgive and we will never forget.
These borders kill! One death is too many!
#morts #décès #mourir_aux_frontières #Calais #France #frontières #Angleterre #UK #migrations #asile #réfugiés #base_de_données #database #liste #timeline #ligne_du_temps #mourir_dans_la_forteresse_Europe #visualisation #infographie #frise #frise_chronologique #time-line
Un article de février 2018
The deadly roads into Calais
Since 1999, an estimated 170 migrants desperately seeking a clandestine passage across the Channel to Britain have died in road accidents in and around the port of Calais in northern France, 37 of them since 2015. One former police officer said the situation became so grim “it was humanly impossible to pick up more bodies from the road”. One of the most recent victims was a 22-year-old Eritrean whose mutilated body was found on a motorway last month after he was run over by a truck whose driver fled the scene. Elisa Perrigueur reports from Calais, where she met with Biniam’s relatives as they prepared the return of his body home to north-east Africa.
The temperature was below freezing point on a bleak dawn last month when Biniam’s remains were found near the port of Calais, lying on the smooth tarmac of the A16 motorway that runs parallel to the Channel coast. According to statements given to the police afterwards by those who knew him, Biniam L. (full last name withheld here), a 22-year-old Eritrean, had probably spent all night looking for a truck he could climb onto in the hope of smuggling his way to England.
He was successful, at first. He had managed to mount one of them, hiding in its cargo hold, most certainly hoping, like so many others who attempt the same, that once it passed through the fortified perimeter of the port, which is surrounded by 39 kilometres of fencing, it would be one of the vehicles that occasionally escapes the heat scanners and sniffer-dog searches, first in Calais and then, after the brief sea passage, through the British port of Dover. With no ID documents and no baggage, just the clothes he would hope could adequately keep out the biting cold.
But on that early morning of January 9th this year, his plan went horribly wrong. The truck he had hidden in did not turn off the motorway into Calais, but instead continued its route eastwards. The young man must have panicked when he realised the fact, for he tried to jump from the truck onto the motorway despite the speeding traffic. According to members of the local French migrant aid association, l’Auberge des migrants, who spoke to police afterwards, Biniam landed on his head and was run over by another truck following behind. But neither vehicle stopped, and there remains doubt over the exact circumstances of his final moments.
Between December 2017 and January this year two other migrants, 15-year-old Abdullah Dilsouz and Hussein Abdoullah, 32, both Afghan nationals, lost their lives in accidents on the roads around Calais. “Since 2015, there have been 37 migrants who have died in [and around] Calais,” said a spokesperson for the local prefecture. “The highest number date back to 2015 and 2016, the great majority are road accidents.” In 2015, the death toll reached 18, followed by 14 in 2016.
Maël Galisson, a coordinator for the network of associations in the region providing aid for migrants, the Plate-forme de services aux migrants, has carried out research to establish the number of victims over the past almost 20 years and, where possible, to record their identities. “Since 1999, we estimate that at least 170 people have died while trying to cross this frontier area,” he said. The majority of road accidents occur on the stretches of the A16 and A26 motorways close to Calais, and the ring road into the port centre.
The day after his death, Biniam’s brother Bereket, 26, arrived in Calais from Germany, accompanied by a cousin and uncle who had travelled from Norway. “He had no ‘dream’ as people put it, he just wanted a country where he was accepted,” said Bereket, who said he had difficulty believing the news that his brother, who he said was “so young to die”, had been killed in a road accident, which he received in a phone call from a friend.
Bereket said he was not aware of the daily reality of the migrants in Calais, the road blocks migrants mount to try and slow traffic and the clandestine crossings in trucks. In his case, he had crossed to Europe by boat across the Mediterranean Sea. Biniam, he explained, had left the family village in Eritrea, north-east Africa, one-and-a-half years ago, to escape conscription into the army. At one point, he joined up with his brother Bereket in Germany, where the latter had been granted residence. “I obtained [official residency] papers close to Stuttgart and today I work in Germany, I had begun to have a stable life,” recounted Bereket. “His asylum demand was rejected, I don’t understand why.” Biniam had re-applied a second time for right of asylum, but was again turned down. It was after that, in November, that he set off for Calais, where between 550 and 800 migrants – according to figures respectively from the prefecture and the migrant aid associations – live rough, mostly in surrounding woodland.
The few friends of Biniam who Bereket met with in Calais were little forthcoming about his time there. Loan Torondel of the Auberge des migrants association, which had offered Biniam shelter, said he was never seen at the daily distribution of meals. “A month here is not very long for finding a truck,” he said. “Often, migrants spend months before succeeding, for those who manage to.”
During his visit to Calais on February 2nd, French interior minister Gérard Collomb, hoping to dissuade migrants from gathering there, described the frontier point as “a wall” and “a mirage”. But from the beach, the migrants can see the English coast, where some have family and friends they hope to join, in a country with lower unemployment than in France and where finding work, undeclared, is easier. Others say they would stay in France but fear that, if they engaged in the official procedures, because their fingerprints are registered in the first European Union (EU) country they reached before travelling to France they would be sent back there, in accordance with the regulations of the EU’s so-called Dublin Agreement.
The victims are often young men’
For the migrants hoping to cross to Britain from Calais there are few options in how to do so. The British government has handed France about 140 million euros over the past three years to part fund the increased security measures at the port, which is the frontier point before departure for the English coast. On January 18th, at a summit meeting between British Prime Minister Theresa May and French President Emmanuel Macron, London announced that it was to provide a further 50.5 million euros, for a further beefing up of security and for establishing a centre for migrants at a site distanced from the town.
For the migrants who can afford their fees, one option is to use the services of people smugglers. They charge between 1,500 euros and 10,000 euros per person for a clandestine passage in a truck, operating out of vehicle parks which they reign over as their own territory. Clashes which broke out in Calais on February 1st between Afghan and Eritrean migrants, which left 22 needing medical treatment, including four teenagers wounded by gunfire, appear to have been linked to turf wars between people smugglers.
Others try blocking trucks on the approach roads to the port, operating in small groups to lay down obstacles to slow or even halt the vehicles in order to jump on. The method is a dangerous one, for both the migrants and the drivers. In June 2017, the polish driver of a truck died after his vehicle crashed into another truck that was blocked by migrants on the A16 motorway, burned alive in his cabin.
Then there are those, and who probably included Biniam, who try to mount the vehicles on their own. Eupui is a 19-year-old migrant from Cameroun, in West Africa, and has lived since 2016 on the ‘Dunes’ industrial zone of the port, the site of the notorious and now razed migrant camp known as “the Jungle”. His solitary sorties to find a truck that would take him across the Channel somehow allow him “to keep going”, he told Mediapart. “I sleep three hours and then I try,” he said. “As soon as I see a truck that isn’t going too fast, even a car, I see if I can get into the boot.” He said he hides “near the bends of the motorways” because vehicles reduce speed there. “I’m not afraid, I’ve lived much worse,” he added. “I crossed the Sahara in horrible conditions to come here. I have nothing left to lose. I’ve injured my knee, but never mind.”
Biniam’s brother Bereket said his brother did not realise the danger in the risks he was taking. “I spoke to him three weeks before he died,” said Bereket. “He told me that everything was fine for him in France. But he lied to me, he didn’t tell me he was at Calais. If I had known, I would have told him to get out of this dangerous place.”
Bereket said he was “disappointed” by what he saw on this, his first trip to France. He has been supported by local charitable associations, including the Réveil voyageur and the Secours catholique, who usually look after relatives of those who have died. “You don’t see many officials, politicians, as if Biniam’s death had no importance,” he said bitterly.
“The associations have been managing this for years,” said Sabriya Guivy from the Auberge des migrants group. “When relatives arrive in Calais they are disappointed at not seeing many officials. They have the impression that they are not taken into account. Mr Macron referred to the death of the Polish driver, but not that of migrants,” she added, referring to a speech by the French president during his visit to Calais on January 16th.
Undertaker Brahim Fares, based in nearby Grande-Synthe, says he charges a “lower than average” price to migrant families out of solidarity. “The dead are repatriated to Afghanistan for between about 3,400-3,500 euros, depending on the weight and the size,” he detailed. “For Eritrea, it begins at around 3,200 euros. Burials in Calais are about 1,600 euros, as opposed to a usual 2,400 euros.” Since 2015, Fares says he has organised the return home of about 15 bodies of migrants, and also the burials of about the same number in the north Calais cemetery managed by the Town Hall. The burial spots are simple ones, covered in earth and marked by crosses made of oak. “The victims are often young men, almost all of them identified,” he added. “I once had an Ethiopian woman. Not all the families can come all the way here. Those who manage to are very shocked, because the bodies are sometimes very damaged, as those in road accidents are.”
Fares was given charge of Biniam’s body, which he recalled had “the hands cut off, the arms smashed up”. The corpse will be returned to Eritrea, where his parents live. Bereket, with his uncle and cousin, made up a large wreath of plastic flowers. “It’s really not so good but we had only that,” he said. But at the hospital in Lille where the body was placed in the coffin, they were told that they could not place the wreath on top of it, nor the white drape they had wanted to cover it with, according to their custom. “The airport authorities will end up throwing the wreath away, it’s not allowed in the hold,” Fares explained to them. After a poignant moment of silence, they asked him why it would be so complicated to do so.
Biniam’s relatives spent two weeks attempting to find out the exact circumstances of what happened to him. At the police station in Calais, they were shown a photo of his injured face. Members of the motorway patrol police gave them the few details they had, which were the approximate time of the accident, a statement from a witness who had not seen very much, and the fact that the driver of the truck that ran over Biniam had fled the scene. “France is a developed country […] so why can’t the driver who did that be found?” asked Bereket. “Even in Eritrea we’d have found the killer of my brother.”
Loan Torondel of the association l’Auberge des migrants said he had seen similar outrage by relatives before. “Many don’t understand why their close family member died under a lorry and that the driver did not act voluntarily,” he said. “Biniam’s family thought that there would be the launch of an investigation, like in American films. They think that the police is not [bothered into] carrying out an investigation, but in reality there are few witnesses.”
Meanwhile, Bereket has lodged an official complaint over his brother’s death “against persons unknown”, explaining: “I won’t be able to sleep as long as I don’t know how he died, and while the person responsible is free.”
’It’s incredible that nobody saw anything’
While the police systematically open investigations into the road deaths of migrants, they are often complex, beginning with the identification of the victim. Patrick Visser-Bourdon, a former Calais-based police detective, recalled the death of a Sudanese migrant whose body was found one morning in 2016 close to the port’s ring road, with “the head opened, abandoned, wearing a pair of jeans and a long-sleeved T-shirt”.
During his enquiries, Visser-Bourdon approached the head of the Sudanese community of migrants living in the camp known as “the Jungle”, but nobody recognised the body. “We also put out his photo in the police stations,” he said. “In the majority of such cases, we mostly called on the NGOs for help.” As in the case of Biniam, the driver of what was apparently a truck that had hit the Sudanese man had not stopped. “There was blood on the road, there was necessarily some on the bumpers of the truck,” said Visser-Bourdon. “The driver therefore must have stopped his vehicle at some point to clean it, between the Jungle and the port. It’s incredible that nobody saw anything.”
Sabriya Guivy from the Auberge des migrants group added that because some local sections of the motorways are unlit, “It is entirely possible to not realise that one has hit someone and to carry on”.
A section of the numerous investigations into such events end up being closed, unsolved. Someone who is charged with involuntary homicide in France faces a sentence of three years in prison, and up to five years in jail in the case of aggravating circumstances such as fleeing the scene. “Sometimes, some of them don’t remain at the scene of the accident, notably in the case of dangerous [migrant] road blocks, but they go directly to present themselves to the police,” said Pascal Marconville, public prosecutor of the nearby port of Boulogne-sur-Mer, whose services have jurisdiction for events in Calais. “In that case, it’s regarded more as a hit-and-run offence which is exonerated by the circumstances.”
Patrick Visser-Bourdon said he had welcomed the building of a wall surrounding the ring road in 2016 aimed at deterring migrants from the traffic. “It was humanly impossible to pick up more bodies from the road,” he said.
En français :
A Calais, les routes de la mort pour les migrants
#Frise_chronologique. Histoire des luttes des immigrations
La #frise chronologique « Histoires de luttes des immigrations » est un outil multimédia de valorisation des expériences collectées dans les ateliers de récits de vie « Petits Histoires- Grandes Histoires ».
Cette mini-encyclopédie est nourrie des #souvenirs des participant-e-s, leurs expériences, leurs parcours familiaux et migratoires, avec des événements qui font le lien entre l’histoire personnelle, locale, nationale et internationale.
Infographic: 4,000 Years Of Human History Captured In One Retro Chart
If time is a river, the Histomap, created by John B. Sparks and first published by Rand McNally back in 1931, is a raging Mississippi. In that massive river of time, each of humanity’s great civilizations becomes a confluence that ebbs, wanes, and sometimes ebbs again, each a separate current in a river that inexorably rages down to the mouth of the present day.
Parfois, retrouver un post est vraiment difficile.
En fait, je m’attendais à le retrouver sur 2018... mais il datait de 2013. Et j’ignore comment j’ai pu tomber dessus en 2018...
Je la trouve en meilleure qualité ici :
Informations accompagnant le fichier :
Author Rand McNally and Company
Author Sparks, John B.
Short Title The Histomap.
Publisher Rand McNally and Company
Publisher Location Chicago
Obj Height cm 158
Obj Width cm 31
Note Histomap is accompanied by a Foreword explaining the purpose and layout of the history. Map and Foreword slide into a green folder with title and relevant information, such as price, on the outside.
World Area World
Subject Pictorial map
Subject Data Visualization
Full Title The Histomap. Four Thousand Years Of World History. Relative Power Of Contemporary States, Nations And Empires. Copyright by John B. Sparks. Published by Histomap, Inc. Chicago, Ill. Printed and distributed in the U.S.A. by Rand McNally & Co., Chicago, Ill.
List No 1810.001
Series No 2
Publication Author Sparks, John B.
Publication Author Rand McNally and Company
Pub Date 1931
Pub Title The Histomap. Four Thousand Years Of World History. Relative Power Of Contemporary States, Nations And Empires. Copyright by John B. Sparks. Published by Histomap, Inc. Chicago, Ill. Printed and distributed in the U.S.A. by Rand McNally & Co., Chicago, Ill.
Pub Note See note field above.
Pub List No 1810.000
Pub Type Timeline
Pub Height cm 158
Pub Width cm 31
Image No 1810001
Download 1 ▻http://www.davidrumsey.com/rumsey/download.pl?image=/D5005/1810001.sid Full Image Download in MrSID Format
Download 2 ▻https://www.extensis.com/support/geoviewer-9 GeoViewer for JP2 and SID files
Authors Rand McNally and Company; Sparks, John B.
Why Mark Zuckerberg’s 14-Year Apology Tour Hasn’t Fixed Facebook | WIRED
In 2003, one year before Facebook was founded, a website called Facemash began nonconsensually scraping pictures of students at Harvard from the school’s intranet and asking users to rate their hotness. Obviously, it caused an outcry. The website’s developer quickly proffered an apology. "I hope you understand, this is not how I meant for things to go, and I apologize for any harm done as a result of my neglect to consider how quickly the site would spread and its consequences thereafter,” wrote a young #Mark_Zuckerberg.
A tool that automatically extracts event data from temporal references in unstructured text documents and encodes them along a visual #timeline
▻http://www.cs.ubc.ca/labs/imager/tr/2015/TimeLineCurator #curation #indexation
The Future of the Schengen Area : Latest Developments and Challenges in the Schengen Governance Framework since 2016
This Study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE-Committee), takes stock of the main developments that have occurred in the Schengen Governance Framework since 2016. It analyses the legitimacy of a number of States’ decisions to maintain internal border controls. Also, most recent policy proposals in the field of internal police checks are assessed in light of relevant EU legal standards. The paper also questions the legality of the border walls and fences, which have been recently erected at the EU external borders and within the Schengen area.
#Schengen (fin de -) #frontières #murs #barrières_frontalières #contrôles_frontaliers #contrôles_systématiques_aux_frontières #frontière_sud-alpine
Lien vers l’étude (pdf) :
Source de la carte (c’est intéressant le fait qu’elle a été faite par le HCR) :
Avec ce commentaire de Polly Pallister-Wilkins sur twitter :
We should be clear that the reimposition of controls by say France do not effect everyone equally. If you’re white and well-off you won’t even notice the border. This differentiation matters because this is not an equal control, but one based on race and class. #violentborders
Schengen, quand l’exception se propage...
Menace terroriste. La France va prolonger ses contrôles aux frontières jusqu’à fin octobre
Jusqu’à fin octobre, la France, qui fait partie de l’espace Schengen, va continuer à mener des contrôles à ses frontières en raison de la menace terroriste. Elle en a informé la Commission européenne.
Protéger les frontières pour assurer la libre-circulation en Europe
Depuis le début de la crise migratoire, certains États membres se sont laissés tentés par le #rétablissement_des_frontières. Une mauvaise idée, selon le directeur de Frontex, qui plaide pour une meilleure protection des frontières externes.
–-> Leggeri fait ici le lien entre frontières extérieures (mieux protégées) et frontières intérieures (ouvertes)...
La transformation en cours de Frontex en Agence européenne de garde-frontières et de garde-côtes en est une. Elle nous permet d’aller au-delà de notre mandat initial – la gestion des flux migratoires – pour contribuer davantage à la sécurité des frontières extérieures de l’UE en participant plus activement à la lutte cruciale contre toutes les formes de criminalité organisée, terrorisme compris.
#European_Border_and_Coast_Guard (Frontex): Security, Democracy, and Rights at the EU Border
The European Border and Coast Guard (#EBCG) was officially launched in October 2016. In the European Commission’s view, it marks a milestone in the history of the integrated management of European Union (EU) borders. This article describes the main features of the new agency, focusing on two key issues. First, it analyzes the powers that the new agency is entrusted with in an attempt to understand whether it will be able to articulate a “European space of control” where an authentically postnational border police will take the lead over national border agencies. Second, it explores whether, and to what extent, the reform of the EU border agency has been accompanied by the development of mechanisms to exercise effective democratic and judicial control over its activities. The discussion concludes by arguing that the views of those who believe that the evolution of EU justice and home affairs policies does not raise particular challenges for the exercise of democratic control over EU security agencies and the protection of fundamental rights during their operations are fundamentally flawed, and that new ways to ensure proper scrutiny over security policies that take account of the peculiarities of EU institutional structure need to be devised.
Dedans, dehors : une Europe qui s’enferme
La Cimade publie un rapport d’enquête et d’analyse sur la situation des personnes exilées aux frontières extérieures et intérieures de l’espace #Schengen. Nourri par des observations récoltées aux frontières de la France, de la Hongrie et en Méditerranée, ce rapport appelle les responsables politiques nationaux à changer radicalement de cap face à des logiques qui excluent, enferment, précarisent et trop souvent, tuent les personnes en migration.
Cette publication construite à partir de l’observation des dispositifs de surveillance et de tri des personnes migrantes aux frontières de la France, de la Hongrie et en Méditerranée entend interroger la question du contrôle des frontières intérieures et extérieures de l’espace Schengen. Des membres de La Cimade ainsi que ses partenaires ont mené des missions d’enquête et d’observation dans ces différentes zones frontalières en 2017 et 2018 afin de nourrir ce travail d’analyse.
Élevée au rang de priorité numéro une de l’Union européenne (UE) depuis 2015, la question migratoire est au cœur des débats des institutions européennes et pays de l’UE. Trois années après que l’opinion publique européenne s’est émue des images de familles réfugiées en exil, il apparaît clairement que l’Europe n’a pas été à la hauteur des enjeux. Au lieu de prendre acte de l’échec de ses politiques migratoires et d’envisager d’autres moyens d’imaginer les mobilités, l’UE et ses États membres ont profité d’une augmentation importante du nombre de personnes tentant de rejoindre l’Europe pour renforcer l’existant : contrôles, surveillance et tri aux frontières internes et externes de l’espace Schengen.
Depuis plus de vingt ans, l’UE et ses États membres s’obstinent à renforcer des politiques migratoires qui ne fonctionnent pas. En témoigne le nombre de personnes ayant perdu la vie aux frontières européennes, en augmentation chaque année. Par ailleurs, alors que des citoyens et citoyennes s’organisent pour soutenir les personnes exilées, les poursuites judiciaires pour criminaliser leurs actes de solidarité se multiplient.
Les réponses européennes se doivent pourtant d’être à la hauteur des ambitions de l’UE : créatives, solidaires et protectrices des droits humains. Les politiques touchant à l’asile et la migration vont actuellement dans le sens inverse, d’où notre appel pressant à changer de cap.
Au sommaire d’un rapport illustré par des cartes, des infographies et des photographies :
Démultiplier les frontières pour un seul objectif : limiter le mouvement des personnes migrantes ;
Frontières violentes : mise en danger et violation des droits des personnes exilées ;
Résistances envers et contre tout.
#Frise_chronologique. Histoire des luttes des immigrations
La frise chronologique « Histoires de luttes des immigrations » est un outil multimédia de valorisation des #expériences collectées dans les ateliers de récits de vie « Petits Histoires- Grandes Histoires ».
Cette mini-encyclopédie est nourrie des #souvenirs des participant-e-s, leurs expériences, leurs #parcours_familiaux et migratoires, avec des événements qui font le lien entre l’histoire personnelle, locale, nationale et internationale.
Even though global population is growing the number of people dying in wars has been sharply declining since #WWII. All in all we are becoming increasingly peaceful.
Avec Simon Abkarian, Ariane Ascaride, Jean-Pierre Darroussin, Jean-Francois Guerlach, Hammou Graïa, Lyes Salem, Robinson Stevenin & Sabrina Ouazani. Et la participation de Mohammed Harbi, Neil McMaster, Jean-Luc Einaudi, Raphaëlle Branche, Mathieu Rigouste, Emmanuel Blanchard, Linda Amiri et Tramor Quemeneur.
CHRONO-CARTOGRAPHY OF THE OCTOBER 17, 1961 MASSACRE OF ALGERIANS IN PARIS
edit : oups, @unagi l’avait posté il y a des mois...
Le 17 octobre 1961 et les médias. De la couverture de l’histoire immédiate au « travail de mémoire »
Mogniss H. Abdallah, Hommes et Migrations, 1228:125-133 (2000)
Les victimes du 17 octobre 1961 ?
Jean-Luc Einaudi, Etudes Coloniales, le 22 janvier 2012
Il y a 56 ans, les médias et le massacre du 17 octobre 1961
Henri Maler, Acrimed, le 17 octobre 2017
Aux cartes minutieuses des lieux où se sont produites violences et massacres le 17 octobre 61, Léopold Lambert, architecte, essayiste et directeur de la publication de la revue The Funambulist joint une analyse de la temporalité de cette guerre coloniale d’abord dénommée « opération de police ».
Dans la recherche que je mène sur la structure des cinq épisodes d’état d’urgence déclarés en France depuis 1955, un événement-clé est le massacre du 17 octobre 1961 à Paris, peu avant la fin de la révolution algérienne. Ce qui frappe dans la commémoration annuelle (bien timide au regard de l’importance de l’événement) : l’unicité supposée de lieu et de temps. Selon le récit communément admis, les scènes les plus violentes, des policiers jetant des Algérien.ne.s dans la Seine, se produisirent autour de la place Saint-Michel, au centre de Paris, et advinrent à un moment d’exaspération où les manifestations de masse étaient interdites. Ce que révèlent au contraire les recherches, c’est la multiplicité des lieux et des moments du massacre. C’est ce qu’essaie d’illustrer cette série de cartes, qui utilise des images aériennes (à plus ou moins 3 ans de la date en question) ; j’ai suivi la méthode précédemment utilisée pour montrer la relation entre l’organisation de la ville et la sanglante répression de la Commune de Paris (voir les cartes)
New map records massacres of Aboriginal people in Frontier Wars
After years of painstaking research, an online map marking the massacres of Aboriginal clans across Australia’s colonial frontier has launched.
C’est la conférence de #visualisation_de_données pour le Web et toutes les vidéos sont dispo :
Shirley Wu & Nadieh Bremer
Data Sketch|es : A Visualization A Month
Visualizing Data with Deck GL
un outil pour faire du #WebGL qui a l’air bien sympa (voir aussi plus bas regl)
What Story does your Timeline Tell ?
tout sur les #timelines
An Introduction to GDAL for those afraid of the command line
John Alexis Guerra Gomez
Untangling the Hairball
réflexion assez marrante sur la visualisation de #réseaux
Catherine D’Ignazio & Rahul Bhargava
Designing Visualization Tools for Learners
des outils qui permettent de commencer à réfléchir à la visualisation de données ; la recherche porte sur la simplicité, les explications, les éléments d’aide et d’encouragement pour les débutants (C. D’Ignazio est aussi l’autrice de ►https://visionscarto.net/visualisation-donnees-feministe )
Visualizing Incarceration in the US on Polygraph
sur la #prison aux #États-Unis ; l’auteur se fait rabrouer par la salle sur l’éthique de son approche, et l’organisatrice de la conférence présente ensuite des excuses circonstanciées. L’auteur lui-même s’excuse plus tard dans un long post ▻https://medium.com/@matthew_daniels/on-monday-i-gave-a-presentation-about-incarceration-and-data-85b0f438ef9e
dataviz au NYT, elle s’explique notamment sur l’#incertitude et la fameuse courbe de la probabilité de gagner qui voit Trump doubler Clinton la fameuse nuit du vote (très intéressant !)
Lisa Charlotte Rost
A Data Point Walks into a Bar : Designing Data for Empathy
comment exprimer les sentiments à travers les visualisations (voir aussi Eric Soco… plus bas)
D3 with Canvas
techniques pour aller plus vite
Pulling a Polygon Out Of a Hat
conf géniale sur la transition d’un objet en un autre (comment transformer de façon continue et agréable à l’oeil un cercle en carré, un cheval en chaise, un Etat continu en archipel, etc.)
Text Mining and Visualization The Tidy Way
Why Does Data Vis Need a Style Guide
comment une organisation peut se donner des méthodes pour produire des graphes variés mais qui semblent appartenir à la même famille
Kanit "Ham" Wongsuphasawat, Dominik Moritz & Arvind Satyanarayan
Vega-Lite : A Grammar of Interactive Graphics
#vega-lite (que j’utilise un peu) permet d’aller vite sur les graphiques standards, en employant de bonnes valeurs par défaut
Data as a Creative Constraint
l’#art_génératif, l’émotion dans la visualisation (plein de super exemples)
Connor C. Gramazio
Empowering Effective Visualization (Color) Design
à propos de cette nouvelle tendance type fitbit : comment faire des graphes qui incitent les gens à bouger de leur chaise pour leur #santé
The Role of Visualization in Exploratory Data Analysis
un des boss de #R montre comment l’utiliser pour afficher des trucs
Des liens attrapés au vol :
each line one breath
Borderlands - Power and Peripheries :
Signalé ce matin par l’ami @alaingresh que je remercie beaucoup
“A dynasty is stronger at its centre than it is at its border regions,” wrote the 14th-century Maghrebi scholar and statesman Ibn Khaldun.
Today, his observation continues to inform our understanding of the challenges facing states and societies in the Maghreb.
Sharing a history of trans-Saharan trading, a patchwork of ethnicities, and modern borders that define post-colonial states, the borderlands between Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya are at the nexus of the national and transnational.
Well before the first ripples of upheaval in Tunisia scattered across the region in 2011, smuggling, extremism, and conflict challenged the perception of these borders as fixed and inviolable. The uprisings that subsequently engulfed the region amplified these powerful transnational currents.
What follows is the story of borderlands, the often overlooked stage in this regional drama.
Watch the Earth transform in front of your eyes in these incredible Google Timelapses
The Aral Sea has been drying out since the 1960s due to Soviet irrigation programmes. By 2007 it had been reduced to just 10 per cent of its original volume.
This is what happens when we build walls and fences to keep people out
It’s been over a year since Donald Trump announced his US presidential run in a speech that promised to build an “impenetrable, physical, tall, powerful, beautiful, southern border wall” along the US-Mexico border. At the same time, Europe was confronted with its worst refugee crisis since World War II.
#barrières_Frontalières #murs #asile #migrations #parcours_migratoires #cartographie #visualisation #parcours_migratoires #timeline #itinéraires_migratoires #cartographie #visualisation
signalé par @albertocampiphoto
cc @reka @fil
Timeline: The Criminalisation of Asylum - OpenLearn - Open University
The Criminalisation of Asylum
Are more people illegally entering Britain, or have more laws made it difficult to enter legally? This timeline looks at the illegalisation of asylum seeking and the consequences it can have on people seeking sanctuary.
Aliens Act Established
Aliens Act established as first piece of immigration legislation in Britain. Control at borders becomes the responsibility of the Home Secretary. Details (such as names and nationality) are collected by the captain and given to the state. The act includes powers to detain and deport, and immigrants must prove they are self-sufficient. It was, in some senses, a way to deter and control poor immigrants and Jews fleeing pogroms.
Aliens Restriction Act
Aliens Restriction Act 1914 is developed at beginning of First World War and allowed the Secretary of State emerge powers to deny entry and control foreign residents (rather than just those entering at the border). Followed just after the War with Aliens Restriction Amendment Act 1919 to increase police powers and introduce a form of ID card to monitor migrants.
Leon Trotsky refused asylum in Britain
The Russian Marxist revolutionary Leon Trotsky, the founder of the Red Army, is refused asylum in Britain. A form of ‘discretionary control’ continues into the 1930s (meaning the Home Office decides case by case rather than responding to persecuted groups) and further restrictions are placed on primary immigration.
Immigration anxieties rising
As persecution against Jews in Germany increases, more leave in search of refuge. On 5th April, Home Secretary John Gilmour raises the question of refugees to the Cabinet for the first time, particularly concerns about destitute refugees arriving in Britain. Anxieties that it would set a precedent for allowing entry to other refugees lead to the United Kingdom delaying the 1933 League Convention concerning the International Status of Refugees.
The demonization of Jewish refugees
The Daily Mail prints a heading stating ‘German Jews pouring into this country’ after a magistrate judge declares, ‘The way stateless Jews are pouring in from every port in this country is becoming an outrage. I intend to enforce the law to its fullest’. The Second World War, and consequently the Jewish Holocaust, would unfold the following year.
Jewish refugees flee to Britain
By 1939 more than 3000 Jewish refugees had fled to Britain. Echoing earlier fears of an employment crisis and with growing anxieties around impending war, the British government continue attempts to repatriate them to Germany.
Empire Windrush arrives
The loss of life in the aftermath of the Second World War (1939-1945) left significant gaps in the British workforce. To ensure post-war reconstruction, Caribbean workers from British colonies were encouraged to move to England as a form of managed economic migration. The first ship, Empire Windrush, arrives with 492 workers.
How to follow #Rosetta’s grand finale
Rosetta is set to complete its historic mission in a controlled descent to the surface of its comet on 30 September, with the end of mission confirmation predicted to be within 20 minutes of 11:20 GMT (13:20 CEST). Details of how, when and where to follow the key moments online, starting with a review of the mission’s impressive haul of #Science highlights on 29 September, can be found below: 29 September 12:30–15:30 GMT / 14:30–17:30 CEST, science highlights Tune in to the livestream viewer at rosetta.esa.int, ►https://new.livestream.com/ESA/rosettagrandfinale or ESA’s Facebook page on 29 September for dedicated talks celebrating the scientific highlights of the mission. Programme overview Matt Taylor (ESA’s #rosetta Project Scientist): Introduction Mohamed El-Maarry (OSIRIS team, University of (...)
Pour ceux qui seront devant un écran vendredi vers 13h (et avec un peu de disponibilité et de la bande passante…)
Impact is expected to occur on 30 September at 10:40 UTC at the comet, with an estimated error of ± 20 minutes. As the signal travel time between Comet 67P/C-G and Earth on that day will be 40 minutes, confirmation of impact is expected at our mission control, ESOC, at 11:20 UTC / 13:20 CEST, again with an estimated error of ± 20 minutes. It is anticipated that this uncertainty will be reduced as the end of the mission approaches. All times are presently nominal and subject to final definition of the descent trajectory, as well as possible circumstances beyond our control.
Rosetta’s grand finale – frequently asked questions / Rosetta / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
il semble que l’ESA commence enfin à savoir parler au public
A Visual History of Which Countries Have Dominated the Summer Olympics - The New York Times
Celebrating two years at the comet
We’re celebrating #Rosetta’s two year anniversary at #Comet_67P/C-G (tomorrow!) with a new animation visualising the spacecraft’s incredible adventure flying alongside the comet. The animation begins on 31 July 2014, during #rosetta’s final approach to the comet after its ten-year journey through space. The spacecraft arrived at a distance of 100 km on 6 August whereupon it gradually approached the comet and entered initial mapping orbits that were needed to select a #Landing site for #philae. These observations also enabled the first comet #Science of the mission. The manoeuvres in the lead up to, during and after Philae’s deployment on 12 November are seen, before Rosetta settled into longer-term science orbits. In February and March 2015 the spacecraft made several flybys. One of the closest (...)