• #job Opportunities for Skilled C++ Candidates
    https://hownot2code.com/2020/10/13/job-opportunities-for-skilled-c-candidates

    This content brought to you by Andrew Dominik from qualityguestpost C++ is an extension of C language. C++ #programming language is complex, but strongly preferred in today’s IT sector. You will come across some part of its codebase in generally every system or program. It is the first language developers interested in programming start with. … Continue reading Job Opportunities for Skilled C++ Candidates

    #Tips_and_tricks #C++ #career #cpp #programming_language
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  • Running #Kubernetes on #VMware: Challenges and Solutions
    https://hownot2code.com/2020/09/23/running-kubernetes-on-vmware-challenges-and-solutions

    In August, 2019, VMware vSphere announced they are going Kubernetes-native. This means that integrated VMware and Kubernetes becomes a reality for all vSphere users. Despite all the benefits this integration promises, running Kubernetes on VMware is not exempt from challenges. This article presents an overview of running Kubernetes on VMware and the challenges it presents. … Continue reading Running Kubernetes on VMware: Challenges and Solutions

    #Tips_and_tricks #programming
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    https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/s_ACS_qlAjU5QMLFo_1lTA301lT7Q3EW9HDnpFcRmM_TyjIsUAdcrWc24pln8
    https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/0Gkj33tTW8Kku3Sqqo91VLBZRjxHQIrvY6QbmtKERn5i8EgfM1DTmpbf8Wxsw

    • Répondre à un appel à contribution

      Du 9 au 12 juin 2010 s’est déroulé un atelier d’écriture, organisé par quatre doctorants (de l’EHESS et de Institut d’Urbanisme de Paris). L’un des temps de travail était consacré aux réponses à des appels à contribution : nous vous proposons ici un rapide survol des questions évoquées à cette occasion.

      Qu’est-ce qu’une réponse à un appel à contributions ?

      Une proposition de contribution est un texte assez court (une demi-page ou une page maximum) dans lequel on décrit un projet d’article, que l’on propose à la revue qui a fait paraître un appel à contribution. C’est donc un texte qui parle d’un texte à venir, qui n’existe pas encore… !

      NB : si notre proposition est acceptée, cela ne signifie pas pour autant que l’article qui suivra sera nécessairement accepté. S’il ne répond pas aux attentes du comité de rédaction, il pourra être rejeté même si, au vu de la réponse à l’appel à contribution, le comité de rédaction avait intégré notre proposition au sommaire prévisionnel…
      Quelques conseils pour rédiger une réponse à un appel à contribution :

      Ne pas oublier l’objectif de ce texte : faire en sorte que notre proposition soit acceptée ! Il faut « vendre » notre proposition, montrer pourquoi elle est importante dans le cadre du sujet que la revue se propose de traiter. C’est le seul objectif de ce texte, et par conséquent certains éléments n’y ont pas leur place (des détails, des nuances, des formulations trop précautionneuses, des justifications du sujet de recherche et de ses contours…).

      Les appels à contributions indiquent souvent un certain nombre d’axes précis. Il est bon de s’inscrire d’emblée dans un axe et de le mentionner explicitement (on facilite le travail du comité scientifique qui, pour faire son choix, va classer les différentes propositions selon les axes, qui correspondent souvent aux différentes parties du sommaire du numéro).

      « L’objectif de cet article est de… » – c’est un excellent début !

      Mettre en scène un étonnement. Soigner la mise en intrigue de la question que l’on entend soulever avec notre article (sans exagération littéraire). Le lecteur nous suit si on l’amène à réfléchir, si on l’invite à dépasser les évidences et à avancer avec nous – pas si on lui expose des faits sans qu’il ait à se questionner…

      Ne pas en rester au stade du projet : Même si notre texte parle d’un article que nous n’avons bien sûr pas encore écrit et qui impliquera peut-être des recherches que nous n’avons pas encore faites, il faut montrer que nous avons plus qu’un projet : évoquer notre terrain, donner des résultats, des éléments de conclusion.

      Quelques questions à se poser pour vérifier la clarté du texte

      Bien souvent, « le nez dans le guidon », on oublie de formuler les choses essentielles : l’objet de notre recherche est loin d’être aussi clair qu’on le pense, et l’objectif de l’article proposé reste totalement flou…

      Est-on capable, à la lecture, de formuler LA question que pose notre texte ? Si ce n’est pas le cas, il y a forcément un problème ! Est-ce que, nous-même, nous savons quelle question nous entendons traiter ?

      On peut aussi essayer de faire entrer la proposition dans les cases suivantes : contexte, méthode, résultats, discussion. Elles constituent les étapes d’un article « canonique » dans le milieu de la recherche biomédicale. C’est parfois une bonne façon de « tester » un article de sciences sociales et de vérifier sa rigueur…

      Toujours se faire relire avant d’envoyer une proposition…

      L’exercice de la relecture sans concessions n’est pas évident, ni pour celui qui relit, ni pour celui qui est relu ! Bien souvent, les zones d’obscurité du texte qui sont identifiées par le relecteur sont liées à un manque de clarté de la problématique, à un problème méthodologique, à un manque de données que l’on a tenté de dissimuler, à un problème de sources que l’on ne se sent pas autorisé à citer… Il faut alors accepter de se demander pourquoi on est mal à l’aise sur ce point, pourquoi on ne peut pas dépasser ce problème – assumer sa position, l’état de ses connaissances. Bien souvent, il vaut mieux nommer le problème que l’on rencontre (c’est aussi l’occasion d’en prendre clairement conscience et de le circonscrire !) plutôt que d’essayer de le dissimuler… Et gardons à l’esprit l’objectif principal d’une proposition de contribution : donner envie aux lecteurs (à la revue) d’en savoir plus !

      Marie Glon, doctorante à l’EHESS

      https://act.hypotheses.org/644

    • Comment écrire un bon article pour une revue scientifique ?

      Ça y est, votre proposition de communication est acceptée et vous allez pouvoir écrire un article ! C’est une étape importante de votre parcours : vous devez prendre l’habitude de diffuser vos résultats ( et vous trouverez ici une vidéo sur l’étape précédente : comment trouver une revue pour publier notre article ?).

      Alors, comment allez-vous vous y prendre maintenant ? Le premier réflexe est souvent de rechercher quelle forme doit avoir l’article ; de quelles rubriques il doit être constitué, car bien sûr, vous ne voulez pas être pris en défaut.

      Mais attention, la qualité de votre article ne tiendra pas qu’au respect des « normes » de rédaction mais plus encore à la pertinence des résultats que vous exposez et au plaisir que l’on prendra à vous lire. Comment parvenir à écrire un article utile pour les autres et passionnant ?

      Quel format adopter ?

      Si vous avez fait un petit tour sur le net avant d’arriver ici, vous avez peut-être constaté que l’on conseille habituellement de respecter un certain plan avec des parties bien définies dans un article scientifique (ici un exemple détaillé).

      Il est habituel d’affirmer qu’un article doit contenir :

      – Une introduction qui énonce la problématique, qui explique en quoi elle est intéressante / novatrice, et qui annonce le plan de l’article.
      – Une partie de contexte théorique (ou état de l’art) où vous vous situez par rapport aux principaux courants d’analyse concernant la question précise que vous traitez. Vous résumez ici les derniers avancements des connaissances dans votre domaine et vous indiquez sur quels concepts vous vous basez, vous. Et le tout en quelques paragraphes seulement, eh oui !
      – La méthodologie : c’est une partie où vous expliquez quelles sont vos données et comment vous vous y prenez pour les recueillir.
      – Les résultats que vous avez obtenus
      – La discussion de ces résultats au regard des concepts mobilisés : finalement, qu’avez-vous à dire de nouveau sur le phénomène étudié ?

      Cependant, cette liste n’est pas une recette de cuisine : elle n’est ni obligatoire ni exhaustive.

      Pas exhaustive, en effet, car certaines revues sont encore plus précises concernant l’architecture de leurs articles et réclament d’autres points encore (« considérations éthiques », « objectifs » etc.).

      Et pas obligatoire car d’autres comités de publication, au contraire, n’obligent pas leurs contributeurs à suivre un tel canevas. C’est particulièrement le cas dans certaines disciplines avec une tradition plus « littéraire », où les revues publient des articles avec des plans qui déroulent un argument de façon thématique et où l’exposé de la méthode et du contexte sont réduits, généralement renvoyés en intro. J’ai moi-même rédigé des articles de cette façon « plus libre », la discussion thématique prenant le pas sur le reste (et c’était en socio/anthropo).

      Alors comment vous y retrouver et éviter les faux pas ?

      Eh bien vous devez aller vérifier par vous-même ce que l’on attend de vous ! Une revue a accepté votre contribution ? Allez chercher des numéros antérieurs de cette revue et faites votre enquête. Regardez plusieurs articles. Comment sont-ils construits ? Tous pareils ? Alors faites de même. Ou sont-ils tous différents ? Vous aurez alors la liberté de laisser plus de place à la discussion des résultats, par exemple.

      Choisir le bon sujet pour votre article

      Un article fait entre 10 et 15 pages, la plupart du temps ; cela vous laisse peu d’espace pour développer une argumentation logique, tout en présentant les données sur lesquelles elle s’appuie. Écrire un bon article, c’est donc d’abord trouver un sujet qui a la bonne dimension. Comment faire ?

      Tout d’abord, vous ne devez pas concevoir l’article comme un extrait de votre thèse (sauf exceptions, dans le cas de thèses par articles, comme cela peut parfois se faire en économie par exemple). Il est difficile d’extraire un petit morceau d’une argumentation longue ; cela peut produire une impression d’inachevé, le sentiment qu’on n’a pas tous les éléments pour tirer une conclusion.

      L’article ne peut pas être non plus un résumé de votre thèse entière ou d’une grande partie. Si vous tentez de raconter toute votre thèse, vous la survolerez et tomberez dans les généralités.

      Vous choisirez donc un thème précis , présent dans votre thèse (de façon centrale ou périphérique) et qui colle à l’appel à contributions s’il y a lieu. En effet, souvent, la revue qui a lancé l’appel à contributions impose des thèmes ; cela peut parfois vous décentrer un peu de votre thèse, vous amener à adopter un autre point de vue, mais c’est justement cela qui est enrichissant.

      Mais attention ! Si votre thème est trop précis, s’il porte sur un détail, vous tomberez dans l’anecdote, on ne verra guère ce que vous pouvez démontrer à partir de ça.

      Bref, trouver le bon focus est un casse-tête… C’est l’exercice qui consiste à poser une question de recherche (une problématique) qui peut vous sortir de l’embarras.

      La problématique

      La problématique sert à deux choses : à donner un caractère logique et unifié à votre argumentation et à borner le sujet. Une problématique a la forme d’une question. C’est à cette question que vous allez tenter de répondre pendant tout l’article, jusqu’à la conclusion finale, sans vous éparpiller : ce qui ne sert pas à répondre à la question est donc mis de côté. En effet, vous ne pouvez pas montrer « toute votre science » dans votre article (vous ne pouvez pas être exhaustif), par contre vous pouvez montrer votre capacité à argumenter précisément.

      Votre question doit :

      – Se référer explicitement à votre terrain/corpus, car votre démonstration s’appuiera sur vos données (sinon, ce ne sont que des généralités).
      – Pouvoir être élucidée de façon convaincante et documentée en peu de pages.
      – Contribuer, même modestement, à susciter un débat (dans lequel vous prendrez position clairement). S’il n’y a pas de débat, c’est que vous êtes trop descriptif. Une astuce : lisez d’autres articles sur le sujet, et demandez-vous comment vous positionner par rapport à eux (qu’auriez-vous à leur répondre ?) cela vous aidera à être moins descriptif et plus dans l’analyse.

      Attention au lecteur !

      Rendez la lecture facile et agréable à votre lecteur : c’est aussi cela qui fait la qualité d’un article, qui, ne l’oublions pas, est un outil de communication et de diffusion.

      Employez un vocabulaire adéquat

      Qu’y a-t-il de plus frustrant que de lire un article qui serait susceptible de vous intéresser, mais dont vous ne comprenez pas un mot sur trois ? Évitez de faire vivre ça à votre lecteur. Commencez par vous renseigner sur le type de lecteur auquel est destinée la revue en question. En effet, si c’est une revue assez généraliste, ou transdisciplinaire, vous n’emploierez pas le même vocabulaire que si c’est une revue très pointue de votre discipline.

      Derrière cela se cache la question : que connaît déjà le lecteur, qu’est-ce qu’il ignore (on entend ici le lecteur au sens large, pas seulement le comité de publication) ? Un lectorat restreint et expert pourra accepter que vous fassiez l’économie de l’explication des termes de base de votre discipline, bien sûr. Mais pour un lectorat plus large (ce qui est souvent le cas), vous devrez expliquer les grands termes nécessaires à la compréhension de votre article dès l’introduction ; même des termes qui vous paraissent simples à vous devront être définis. Ensuite, et dans tous les cas de figure, si un terme technique apparaît au long de l’article, expliquez-le. Soyez pédagogue.

      Ménagez une progression logique

      Votre article doit être fluide, avoir un certain sens du récit pour maintenir l’attention du lecteur. Le respect de ces quelques principes peut vous y aider :

      – Introduisez un seul élément nouveau à la fois ; n’expliquez pas un concept à l’aide d’un autre concept pour la compréhension duquel on doit maîtriser un troisième concept… choisissez une notion, expliquez la , décrivez les phénomènes qui lui sont attachés avant de passer à « autre chose » : et cette autre chose doit venir renforcer la compréhension de qui a été dit auparavant.
      – Notre cerveau est fait pour comprendre ce qui s’inscrit dans une temporalité (d’abord il y a ceci, et ensuite vient cela, puis cela finit comme ça) ; ne l’oubliez pas au moment de rédiger, car cela introduira une forme de narration. Vous pouvez décrire des phénomènes selon leur déroulement dans le temps, mais vous pouvez aussi décrire des raisonnements dans leur développement progressif : on peut penser telle chose, cependant, on observe ensuite qu’il se passe telle autre chose, et c’est cela qui nous amène à la conclusion X ou Y.
      – Énoncez les problèmes de façon claire, le lecteur doit avancer en terrain connu : par exemple, posez une question à la fin d’un paragraphe ; on sait ensuite que dans les prochains paragraphes, on se consacrera à répondre à cette question. Écrivez vos hypothèses, et comment vous allez les vérifier. Votre lecteur doit pouvoir vous suivre pas à pas. Il se perdra s’il a l’impression de ne pas savoir où vous allez. Et n’oubliez pas de mettre de nombreux exemples !

      Soignez la forme

      – Aérez votre texte en introduisant un nouveau paragraphe à chaque étape du raisonnement (évitez donc les looongs paragraphes qui durent deux pages et sont vraiment décourageants).
      – Synthétisez régulièrement votre propos, à la fin de chaque section et sous-section notamment.
      – Employez des mots qui réveillent l’attention du lecteur et qui vous amènent à faire un petit point d’étape : en résumé, en conclusion, en bref…
      – Attirez l’attention du lecteur sur les points importants du raisonnement (cela vous aidera vous-même à les identifier !) en employant parfois des tournures comme : de façon significative, plus important encore, néanmoins, particulièrement…

      Dans le Guide Pratique de Rédaction Scientifique, de Jean-Luc Lebrun , vous trouverez de nombreux trucs et de grands principes pour écrire un texte scientifique de qualité et agréable à lire.

      Soyez prévoyant, car écrire un article prend beaucoup de temps et d’énergie !

      Comment cela s’est-il passé pour vous ? Avez-vous déjà écrit des articles, était-ce facile ou difficile, gratifiant ou laborieux ? Vous pouvez témoigner en commentaire !

      http://reussirsathese.com/comment-ecrire-un-bon-article-pour-une-revue-scientifique

  • Beta testing of the #PVS-Studio C# analyzer on #linux and #macOS
    https://hownot2code.com/2020/03/23/beta-testing-of-the-pvs-studio-c-analyzer-on-linux-and-macos

    More and more users of the PVS-Studio C# analyzer get interested in the possibility to utilize it for checking C# code on Linux and macOS. Today the PVS-Studio team has some good news. Since the end of the last year, it’s been actively working on porting the C# analyzer to the #.NET_Core platform, as … Continue reading Beta testing of the PVS-Studio C# analyzer on Linux and macOS

    #Tips_and_tricks #C#
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    • How to study at home during coronavirus – by online students and tutors

      Here’s how to study effectively from home, according to those who have been doing it all along

      For Dafydd Evans, 21, who studies media production at De Montfort University, online teaching has got off to a good start. “I didn’t think the new systems would cope, but they have,” he says. “We have contact with academics as normal and I really don’t think there’s much I’m missing out on.”

      Others, however, say it’s been an uphill struggle. “The sites are crashing and lecturers are struggling to turn face-to-face interactions into online discussions,” says Isabel Thomas (not her real name), who studies international development at the University of Sussex. “We don’t all log on at the same time as some don’t have stable enough internet connection for live chats. Everything is slower.”

      Scott Henderson, who studies esports at Staffordshire University, feels he’s missing out on valuable experience. “A big part of what we were doing this year was running a live event and we obviously can’t go forward with that,” he says.

      Although UK university learning has been moving online for a while in light of the coronavirus crisis, this wasn’t the experience most envisaged. For others, though, it was their first choice. We asked online learners and tutors for their tips on how to make it work.

      Create a study area …

      Although you may be competing with others in your household, try to mark out a work space. “Even if this is temporary each time you use it, place some physical objects around you to customise it. Make it comfortable,” says Martin Weller, professor of educational technology at the Open University. Set boundaries with others. If your study space is now the kitchen table, try to get an agreement that it is yours alone for a set time period.

      … and keep it tidy

      It’s hard to be disciplined to work at home, and even harder if the place is cluttered. “If you have piles of dishes or laundry around you it can be difficult to focus. I like to set a timer for 15 minutes and do a quick blitz of a room. It makes for a calmer environment,” says Kimberley Lowe, who studied Spanish and English at the Open University.

      Keep socialising

      Although you may miss campus and socialising in person, reaching out and connecting with staff and other students can maintain a sense of community. Use the online systems to maintain social contact. Stephane Bignoux, senior lecturer in management at Middlesex University, says although it can feel lonely, posting on discussion boards and reading other student’s posts can help. Set up informal discussions via Skype or FaceTime if you can.

      Reach out for help

      Not everyone has access to a laptop and reliable wifi. Some students are relying on mobile data to connect to their online lessons and many are missing physical resources such as the library and laboratories. Get in touch with your university if you don’t have access to the right equipment. “We are telling staff to make content easy to view and interact with on smartphones. It needs to be much more inclusive,” says Neil Morris, dean of digital education at the University of Leeds.

      Manage your time

      Recognise that different tasks require different levels of concentration. Watching a video can be easier than reading a complex text and taking notes. Divide your work in to manageable time slots and take proper breaks.

      Plan your day

      The fact that you can put off watching recorded lectures until later can be dangerous. Make sure you devote your full attention to the recording – don’t squeeze it in while eating or listening to music. Set a routine to use time efficiently, says Jack Yarrow, 28, a final year engineering student at the Open University. “If you’re tired or not feeling great don’t just sit there – go tidy up, and when you’re feeling more awake, apply yourself then.”

      Be clear when messaging colleagues

      As with other social media platforms, a simple misunderstanding in writing can quickly escalate. “What may have been intended as an ironic comment can be misinterpreted,” warns Weller.

      On discussion forums you may find that some who don’t speak up in class have more to say – which is a good thing. “My course generally don’t interact that much in lectures, but the interaction with online teaching has been constant,” says Evans. “It seems hiding behind the screen brings out confidence in our generation.”

      https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/mar/26/how-to-study-at-home-during-coronavirus-by-online-students-and-tutors

    • Some Advice for PhD Students and Their Mentors in the Time of Coronavirus
      View all posts by Meghan Duffy →
      13-17 Minuten

      This blog post started as an email conversation between Dana Turjeman and Meghan Duffy. Dana turned her initial outline into a twitter thread (starting here). We decided it would be fun (and hopefully helpful!) to turn this into a blog post that expands on these ideas. So, here are the perspectives of a PhD student and a faculty member who are trying to figure out how to maintain mental health – and also hopefully some productivity, but that definitely comes second to physical & mental health – while social distancing.

      First, this assumes that you are not going about your normal routine, but, rather, trying to stay home as much as possible. This is strongly encouraged! If you aren’t sure of why, please read this.

      Here’s our advice:

      Most importantly: your health and the health of your loved ones comes first.

      There has been advice on how to stay productive while working from home, and we understand the motivation behind this. But we think it’s important to note that this is not business as usual. Things will be different, and it’s important to emphasize that physical and mental health come first. This should always be true, but it’s especially important right now.

      Maintain a routine – plan out your working hours, exercise, sleep, eating regularly, connections with others, work breaks, etc. (Note: this should also include keeping a sense of weekends, taking some days off from work.)

      Maybe you already were a routine kind of person – if so, great! Keep it up, adjusting your schedule to accommodate the new reality. Maybe you are not a schedule person. Take a growth mindset and give it a shot now! A lack of structure can be tough for mental health. Create structure as much as possible.

      If you can, try to get outside every day, to non-crowded places with fresh air. This might not hold to those who must stay in strict isolation (which is different from social distancing) and cannot get closer to others. But, to the extent possible, try to get sunlight and fresh air, even when indoors.

      Make sure you keep up other aspects of your normal routine. Meghan remembers how, when she was writing up her dissertation and her advisor was in a different state, she was thinking that she could just stay home all the time. At that time, she got advice along the lines of: “You need to come in at least for lunch or else first you’ll stop getting dressed, then you’ll stop showering, then you’ll stop brushing your teeth”. He had a point. So, while we aren’t going to gather in person for lunch now, it is still important to keep up normal routines!

      At the same time, be flexible. Modify your plans. Experiment with new approaches.

      We’re all going to be learning on the fly. You will misjudge how much you can do. Your initial routine may end up not working well for you. You will realize things work differently than you thought they would. This is all normal. Be flexible, and be kind with yourself and others as everyone figures out how to adjust.

      Arrange virtual coffees or lunches with colleagues, even if you didn’t have those before. Start with some small talk. (Bonus points if some of the small talk is not about coronavirus!)

      Social distancing is important, but really it’s physical distancing that we need, not social isolation. So, to the extent possible, try to connect with folks virtually.

      Stay connected, but not too connected.

      The internet helps a lot with maintaining connections with people (which is good!), but it’s also easy to get sucked in in ways that are not helpful. There are real downsides to anxiety scrolling through social media and constantly checking the news. Set limits on where you get your news and how often you check it (e.g., something like: “I will only check X sites, and I will only do that for 15 minutes four times a day” or “I will not check social media or news within 1 hour of bedtime”.) If you feel you check the news in ways that harm your mental health or productivity, and need an external boundary, try using “website blockers” on PC/Mac, and/or one of the many iPhone/Android apps. Some examples: WebsiteBlocker, ColdTurkey, HeyFocus.

      If a partner / housemate is staying with you at home, make sure to respect each other’s work time and routine. Try to get a break from time to time – by sitting in another room or, contrary to that, arranging fun games together to reduce the working stress. Being together more than you’re used to might cause stress and tension.

      Coming back to a common theme: we’re all trying to figure out new ways of working and living. Be kind, be compassionate, and communicate clearly and regularly.

      Find an accountability partner – someone you “promise” to show measurable progress of work to, and who will nudge you gently in the right direction if you’re not holding up to your promises.

      This may be a lab mate or a friend or someone else in your grad program or a colleague or a mentor. At first, it might help to check in pretty frequently – maybe three times a week or every week day. Keep the check in format short. One that Meghan has used (modified from resources from the National Center for Faculty Development and Diversity) has: 1) My goals for yesterday were ; 2) I accomplished ; 3) My goals for today are . Depending on who you are checking in with, it might also make sense to explicitly check in about non-work stuff (e.g., are you maintaining connections with folks? Taking breaks from work? Getting sleep and exercise?)

      If progress on a project is paused or delayed because you’re unable to collect data / run studies in the lab etc., try to think of all the things you can do otherwise – literature review, writing introduction of a paper, ideation for another paper etc.

      In Meghan’s group, as of last week, the only lab work going on is: 1) maintaining cultures (which cannot be frozen, unfortunately) and, 2) finishing up one experiment (the last block of an experiment that is the last chapter of the dissertation of a student who is finishing this summer). Everything else is on hold, and all but three people in the lab have been told to work from home, and we’ve discussed how even those two things that are currently going on might need to stop. The folks staying at home are analyzing data, planning for future experiments, and working on literature reviews and meta-analyses. It will be interesting to see if there’s a notable increase in lit reviews & meta-analyses in the next year!

      For the PIs/advisors/mentors, some things to keep in mind as you think about where people should work should include things like how they would get there (e.g., would they need to take public transit?), what other responsibilities they have (remember that many schools are closed now), their health, their comfort levels with being out (some people will not feel safe coming in and that should be respected), and possible impacts on their careers. For the last one, though, the bar has to be in a different place than it normally would – productivity is going to be impacted by this.

      We were really impressed with the leadership shown by Tom Finholt, the Dean of UMichigan’s School of Information, as summarized here:

      Communicate clearly and regularly

      Information vacuums cause a lot of stress. Do your best to avoid them.

      For the advisors: make sure you are in regular contact with everyone in your lab. Check on them. Keep them up to date on the status of things. Make sure they have opportunities for informal conversations where they can ask questions. You should be in touch with your lab several times a week (but also should allow for them to be on their own schedules – everyone’s solution to the current situation is going to be different!)

      One idea Meghan heard that she liked is to set up frequent (three times a week or more) virtual lab hours where people from the lab can gather online to check in and chat with each other. Bonus: this increases the number of opportunities for seeing everyone’s pets!

      For the students: If possible, update your advisers and co-authors more than you are used to. Schedule weekly meetings – even short ones – as much as possible, while recognizing that they have other things to focus on, too. Find measurable results of analyses / writing to present each time. Send short email updates to them, with small chunks of your progress. If things are requested from them, make sure to allow extra flexibility, and find things that you can do even without their feedback, so that they won’t feel obliged to respond if unable to. For example: “Hi, I did these analyses. Below you may find the results, and a draft of the text I will put in the manuscript. I would love to hear your feedback whenever you have time. However, no rush. I understand things might be busy on your side too. Therefore, meanwhile, I will be working on the literature review for the other part of the paper. “

      For everyone: It is especially important to keep up with regular check-ins right now!

      Schedule meetings with people you wanted to meet offline / online anyways – such as fellow PhD students / faculty from other places. Many conferences are cancelled (and more cancellations are surely coming), and networking will be lacking. Try being proactive in fixing this. Example: email seminar speakers who were supposed to come, or people you hoped to meet in (now cancelled) conferences, and ask to meet them online instead.

      Some people will be too busy with childcare, moving courses online, etc., but others will be excited to have a chance to connect and to have a welcome distraction from all the other chaos!

      Take advantage of the reduced commute time, and learn something fun and new – cooking, art, meditation…whatever can be done indoors (or away from others) in a healthy, respectful way.

      Yes, for some people, just getting the bare minimum done will be all they can manage. But also consider whether this is an opportunity to try something new. Maybe it’s time to pick up a long neglected instrument, or to finally download that meditation app you’ve been considering, or to perfect your croissant-making techniques. (Meghan admits to having been tempted to finally get a new dog, but, sadly, concluded this is not the time.)

      Recognize that people are making hard choices, dealing with difficult circumstances, and doing the best they can.

      Your advisers, peers and colleagues might not be as responsive as you’d like. This will likely be even more so if they face health concerns or familial obligations. Remember that lots of people have things going on right now, some of which you will not know about (e.g., worrying about loved ones who are far away). Try to be understanding, and find other routes of support, as needed. Everyone is adjusting to a new situation, and lots of folks are extremely stressed and anxious right now.

      Your work matters, even if it isn’t directly linked to coronavirus or health.

      People who are not doing research directly linked to epidemiology, medicine, or something that feels pretty close to the pandemic might feel a sense of unworthiness. However, once things settle down, the impact of that work will become clear again!

      Again, remember that the wellbeing of you and your loved ones comes first. Some people are talking about how productive they will be because of this, ignoring that people will be sick and worried and that some people have family responsibilities that need to come first.

      There have been waaaaaay too many tweets noting how much Newton did in the year he was isolated as a result of the plague. This is our favorite take on those:

      Work isn’t going to be perfect, parenting isn’t going to be perfect. Again, we need to be compassionate (with ourselves and others) and be flexible.

      But what to do? One common suggestion has been to set a routine. (Meghan’s 4 year old helpfully set an alarm for 6AM – perhaps he is trying to keep us on schedule? Dana, on the other hand, hopes her toddlers won’t wake her up before 6AM.) This schedule has been going around social media:

      schedule of different things to do during a typical day, from waking to bedtime

      That particular routine might not work for you & your family, but trying some sort of routine seems like a good plan. (And, for those who do follow it, here’s hoping for lots of days where the kids earn 9PM bedtimes!)

      If you have a partner who is also working from home, discuss your plans for sharing the load – for example, maybe one person takes the lead on childcare/homeschooling in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Another option is 3 days for one, 3 days for the other.

      Your children’s school may have given some assignments for the coming weeks. If not (or if you want to supplement), other resources are available, such as Khan Academy and Scholastic Learn at Home. For more, here’s a list of education companies offering free subscriptions due to school closings.

      Finally, Amy Cohn (a UMich Engineering Prof & the Associate Director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering & Patient Safety) shared her thoughts in this twitter thread:

      Which ends with this advice:

      We’re interested in your thoughts, too! What advice would you give? What have you been doing that’s been helping? What are you trying to figure out? We’re hoping people will share their thoughts, questions, and experiences in the comments!

      About the authors
      Dana is a PhD student in Quantitative Marketing at Michigan’s Ross School of Business, where she is also the wellbeing and research productivity chair in their PhD forum. Meghan, as regular readers of the blog know, is a Professor of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology at Michigan and Chair of the Rackham Graduate School’s Task Force on Graduate Student Mental Health.

      Additional resources that might be of interest (please share others in the comments!):

      From Active Minds: Coping and Staying Emotionally Well During covid-19 related school closures

      From Gina Baucom & her lab: How to Science During a Pandemic

      From UMich’s Center for Academic Innovation: Adjusting your study habits during COVID, which includes these tips for working with a group or team:

      https://dynamicecology.wordpress.com/2020/03/15/some-advice-for-phd-students-and-their-mentors-in-the-time

    • Why You Should Ignore All That Coronavirus-Inspired Productivity Pressure
      By Aisha S. Ahmad
      9-12 Minuten

      Among my academic colleagues and friends, I have observed a common response to the continuing Covid-19 crisis. They are fighting valiantly for a sense of normalcy — hustling to move courses online, maintaining strict writing schedules, creating Montessori schools at their kitchen tables. They hope to buckle down for a short stint until things get back to normal. I wish anyone who pursues that path the very best of luck and health.

      Yet as someone who has experience with crises around the world, what I see behind this scramble for productivity is a perilous assumption. The answer to the question everyone is asking — “When will this be over?” — is simple and obvious, yet terribly hard to accept. The answer is never.

      Global catastrophes change the world, and this pandemic is very much akin to a major war. Even if we contain the Covid-19 crisis within a few months, the legacy of this pandemic will live with us for years, perhaps decades to come. It will change the way we move, build, learn, and connect. There is simply no way that our lives will resume as if this had never happened. And so, while it may feel good in the moment, it is foolish to dive into a frenzy of activity or obsess about your scholarly productivity right now. That is denial and delusion. The emotionally and spiritually sane response is to prepare to be forever changed .

      The rest of this piece is an offering. I have been asked by my colleagues around the world to share my experiences of adapting to conditions of crisis . Of course, I am just a human, struggling like everyone else to adjust to the pandemic. However, I have worked and lived under conditions of war, violent conflict, poverty, and disaster in many places around the world. I have experienced food shortages and disease outbreaks, as well as long periods of social isolation, restricted movement, and confinement. I have conducted award-winning research under intensely difficult physical and psychological conditions, and I celebrate productivity and performance in my own scholarly career.

      I share the following thoughts during this difficult time in the hope that they will help other academics to adapt to hardship conditions. Take what you need, and leave the rest.

      Stage No. 1: Security

      Your first few days and weeks in a crisis are crucial, and you should make ample room to allow for a mental adjustment. It is perfectly normal and appropriate to feel bad and lost during this initial transition. Consider it a good thing that you are not in denial, and that you are allowing yourself to work through the anxiety. No sane person feels good during a global disaster, so be grateful for the discomfort of your sanity. At this stage, I would focus on food, family, friends, and maybe fitness . (You will not become an Olympic athlete in the next two weeks, so don’t put ridiculous expectations on your body.)

      Next, ignore everyone who is posting productivity porn on social media right now. It is OK that you keep waking up at 3 a.m. It is OK that you forgot to eat lunch and cannot do a Zoom yoga class. It is OK that you have not touched that revise-and-resubmit in three weeks.

      Ignore the people who are posting that they are writing papers and the people who are complaining that they cannot write papers. They are on their own journey. Cut out the noise.

      Know that you are not failing. Let go of all of the profoundly daft ideas you have about what you should be doing right now. Instead, focus intensely on your physical and psychological security . Your first priority during this early period should be securing your home. Get sensible essentials for your pantry, clean your house, and make a coordinated family plan. Have reasonable conversations with your loved ones about emergency preparedness . If you have a loved one who is an emergency worker or essential worker , redirect your energies and support that person as your top priority. Identify their needs, and then meet those needs.

      No matter what your family unit looks like, you will need a team in the weeks and months ahead. Devise a strategy for social connectedness with a small group of family, friends, and/or neighbors , while maintaining physical distancing in accordance with public-health guidelines. Identify the vulnerable and make sure they are included and protected.

      Get Fast Advice for Your Academic Life

      Sign up to get our Quick Tip newsletter : Twice a week, we’ll send you fast advice to help you thrive. It’s free to receive, and you’ll get a mix of small suggestions designed to help you succeed in your job and your academic life.

      The best way to build a team is to be a good teammate, so take some initiative to ensure that you are not alone. If you do not put this psychological infrastructure in place, the challenge of necessary physical-distancing measures will be crushing. Build a sustainable and safe social system now .

      Stage No. 2: The Mental Shift

      Once you have secured yourself and your team, you will feel more stable, your mind and body will adjust, and you will crave challenges that are more demanding. Given time, your brain can and will reset to new crisis conditions, and your ability to do higher-level work will resume.

      This mental shift will make it possible for you to return to being a high-performance scholar, even under extreme conditions. However, do not rush or prejudge your mental shift, especially if you have never experienced a disaster before. One of the most relevant posts I saw on Twitter (by writer Troy Johnson) was: “Day 1 of Quarantine: ‘I’m going to meditate and do body-weight training.’ Day 4: just pours the ice cream into the pasta” — it’s funny but it also speaks directly to the issue.

      Now more than ever, we must abandon the performative and embrace the authentic. Our essential mental shifts require humility and patience. Focus on real internal change. These human transformations will be honest, raw, ugly, hopeful, frustrated, beautiful, and divine. And they will be slower than keener academics are used to. Be slow. Let this distract you. Let it change how you think and how you see the world. Because the world is our work. And so, may this tragedy tear down all our faulty assumptions and give us the courage of bold new ideas .

      Stage No. 3: Embrace a New Normal

      On the other side of this shift, your wonderful, creative, resilient brain will be waiting for you. When your foundations are strong, build a weekly schedule that prioritizes the security of your home team , and then carve out time blocks for different categories of your work: teaching, administration, and research. Do the easy tasks first and work your way into the heavy lifting. Wake up early. The online yoga and crossfit will be easier at this stage.

      Things will start to feel more natural. The work will also make more sense, and you will be more comfortable about changing or undoing what is already in motion. New ideas will emerge that would not have come to mind had you stayed in denial. Continue to embrace your mental shift. Have faith in the process. Support your team.

      Understand that this is a marathon. If you sprint at the beginning, you will vomit on your shoes by the end of the month. Emotionally prepare for this crisis to continue for 12 to 18 months , followed by a slow recovery. If it ends sooner, be pleasantly surprised. Right now, work toward establishing your serenity, productivity, and wellness under sustained disaster conditions.

      None of us knows how long this crisis will last. We all want our troops to be home before Christmas. The uncertainty is driving us all mad.

      Of course, there will be a day when the pandemic is over. We will hug our neighbors and our friends. We will return to our classrooms and coffee shops. Our borders will eventually reopen to freer movement. Our economies will one day recover from the forthcoming recessions.

      Yet we are just at the beginning of that journey. For most people, our minds have not come to terms with the fact that the world has already changed. Some faculty members are feeling distracted and guilty for not being able to write enough or teach online courses properly. Others are using their time at home to write and report a burst of research productivity. All of that is noise — denial and delusion. And right now, denial only serves to delay the essential process of acceptance , which will allow us to reimagine ourselves in this new reality.

      On the other side of this journey of acceptance are hope and resilience . We will know that we can do this, even if our struggles continue for years. We will be creative and responsive, and will find light in all the nooks and crannies. We will learn new recipes and make unusual friends. We will have projects we cannot imagine today, and will inspire students we have not yet met. And we will help each other. No matter what happens next, together, we will be blessed and ready to serve.

      In closing, I give thanks to those colleagues and friends who hail from hard places, who know this feeling of disaster in their bones. In the past few days, we have laughed about our childhood wounds and have exulted in our tribulations. We have given thanks and tapped into the resilience of our old wartime wounds. Thank you for being warriors of the light and for sharing your wisdom born of suffering. Because calamity is a great teacher.

      Aisha Ahmad is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Toronto and the author of the award-winning book Jihad & Co: Black Markets and Islamist Power (Oxford University Press, 2017). Her Twitter is @ProfAishaAhmad.

      https://www.chronicle.com/article/Why-You-Should-Ignore-All-That/248366?cid=wcontentgrid_hp_1b

      Aisha Ahmad’s personal website: https://www.aishasahmad.com/about

      Subscribe Quick Tip Newsletter:
      https://www.chronicle.com/page/Get-The-Quick-Tip-Newsletter/713

    • Staying Grounded & Connected to Academic Work in the Time of COVID-19 - The Dissertation Coach

      Alison Miller, PhD, Owner of The DIssertation Coach & Kathryn Peterson, PhD, Dissertation Coach
      8-10 Minuten

      When we imagined the world in 2020, we didn’t conceive of this very strange and frightening reality of COVID-19. But here we are, living in some kind of dystopian existence, where our world has been turned upside down by a global pandemic.

      Just a little while ago, we were unfamiliar with terms like social distancing [sic #terminology —> physical distancing, smart distancing or distant socialising] , shelter in place, safer at home, or flattening the curve. Few of us have ever experienced empty supermarket shelves, toilet paper and hand sanitizer shortages, or scrambling to recalibrate our lives to work online. Many of us are having to make countless small and large adjustments. You may be teaching online, changing your routines and suddenly coworking with others, becoming homeschool teachers overnight while schools are shut down, or caring for others who cannot leave their homes at all.

      Even in the face of our new reality, we know it is important to maintain some sense of #routine and #normality. We also know that many of you still want to make progress on the path to earning a graduate degree. We are all needing a way to manage the #stress and #uncertainty of our new reality, yet still be able to #focus, #concentrate, and complete academic tasks. To that end, we want to offer you a few #ideas of how you can support yourself to stay grounded, productive, and connected to your academic work during this unprecedented time.

      PRIORITIZE

      To start, it can make a big difference to clarify your priorities . In terms of your academic work, we encourage you to consider what deadlines you have or goals are you seeking to meet. What work would it feel really good to (realistically and humanely) accomplish today, this week, this month? Take into account what can reasonably be accomplished given what is happening in your household, changes to your work or childcare responsibilities, and the stress of living through this pandemic. We recommend writing down the academic and life priorities you have over the next few weeks to set the stage for making progress and being able to care for yourself and loved ones. Each evening, write out your priorities for the next day and give yourself specific writing or other research tasks that can be completed in shorter intervals of time. For example, instead of a directive to “write chapter 2,” it may be more helpful to identify small subsections in chapter 2 to write in a given day.

      STRUCTURE YOUR DAY

      A great way to feel connected to your work is to set up a structure for your day that includes some academic zones , periods of time when you will commit to only doing academic tasks (and truly take a break from your phone, email, social media, and the news). This is especially important if you are not used to working from home. It can be very helpful to map out a plan for the day that includes when you are writing or doing other academic tasks, when you are exercising, and when you are managing other work and personal responsibilities with space to unwind and even do nothing. Alison closes out each work day by mapping out the next day on a yellow pad of paper and uses that written plan as a roadmap for how to move through her day including her own writing projects, phone calls and meetings, administrative tasks,etc. She often plans 1-2 hour blocks of phone and email free time for writing projects. Alison has learned from experience how vital it is to build in time to rest, eat, connect with her family and unwind so she can better focus and concentrate when it is time to work. Inside your academic work zones, you may find it especially helpful to use the Pomodoro Technique , where you work in 25 minute increments (check out Spotify’s Pomodoro Playlist) or virtually co-work with others via Skype or Zoom.

      FIND VIRTUAL COWORKERS

      Virtually #coworking with others can be a great way to feel more accountable and supported while also reducing the #isolation of only being able to work at home. We offer virtual writing boot camps for our clients and many of them tell us that coworking is the only way they can focus and make meaningful progress during this pandemic. Coworking can make a surprising difference in your productivity. Here is a suggested coworking strategy:

      Find one or more people to schedule a coworking call. Open the call with a 5-10 minute meeting to get connected and declare your work goals for the first work session. We find that using Skype or Zoom with video can be very helpful.
      Agree to a set amount of time you will all work and then turn off the video and sound during the work session. Set an alarm or timer so you know when to return to the call at the agreed upon time.
      Take a 5-10 minute break and share what you were able to accomplish. Support and encourage each other as needed and declare your goals for the next work session. Alison typically co-works with others for 1.5 to 2 hour blocks of time, checking in about every 40 minutes or so. Other people prefer the pomodoro method mentioned above, where they work for 25 minutes and check in for 5, doing between 2 and 4 pomodoros in a row.
      Close out the co-working session by acknowledging your accomplishments and anything you want to do to make future work sessions more effective. Schedule another coworking session.

      FOCUS ON WHAT YOU CAN CONTROL

      We are all facing challenges and uncertainty at this time. Many of us are experiencing that our bodies are flooded with adrenaline and cortisol leaving us in a chronic flight, fight, or freeze state. You may be losing track of time and feel like your brain is not fully functioning. If you feel like your IQ has dropped or you are struggling to remember, think, or write clearly, you are not alone. What we are experiencing with COVID-19 is pushing us into survival consciousness where the reptilian brain (more primitive part of the brain) takes charge, and the neocortex (where higher order functioning takes place) gets limited to rehashing the past or trying to control the future. Thus it becomes harder to think clearly and make thoughtful, conscious choices. We are more likely to be in a reactive mode. So please be gentle with yourself and keep focusing on what is in your control. None of us can control how long this pandemic will last, whether others will practice social distancing [sic] , or when life will feel more normal again. Yet we can all practice being kind and compassionate toward ourselves and others. We can stay informed while also maintaining a healthy boundary with news and social media, find enjoyable activities and do things like connect with loved ones virtually, engage in activities that help us unwind from stress, and practice social distancing [sic] and other recommended behavior. Believe it or not, some of you may find working on your dissertation to be a helpful refuge from the world . Also, don’t forget to take time to create a peaceful, organized workspace so you have an environment that feels good and is conducive to productivity..

      A SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT DEADLINES

      Some of you may work in healthcare or other fields that are seriously impacted by COVID-19 or now have children at home who require your attention and care. If your professional or parenting responsibilities are making it very difficult to meet external deadlines, we encourage you to be in communication sooner rather than later. Most likely, faculty and administration will be flexible and grant extensions to students given this pandemic. Communicate this message in a positive way that demonstrates your commitment to meet existing deadlines with an alert that you may need to ask for an extension. In our experience, it is better to communicate early and provide a proactive warning that you may not be able to meet deadlines .

      We are here rooting for you to put one foot in front of the other, taking it one day at a time, maybe one hour at a time. From all of us at The Dissertation Coach, we hope you and your loved ones stay healthy and safe.

      https://www.thedissertationcoach.com/blog/staying-grounded-and-connected-to-academic-work-in-the-time-of

  • Plus de 300 migrants clandestins interceptés au large des côtes algériennes en 24 heures

    Plus de 300 candidats à l’émigration clandestine en Europe ont été interceptés au large des côtes algériennes depuis le début de l’année, selon les chiffres publiés par le MDN.

    Hier vendredi, 151 harragas ont été interceptés par les garde-côtes algériens au large d’#Oran, #El_Tarf, #Chlef et #Tipaza. « Des éléments des garde-côtes et de la gendarmerie nationale ont mis en échec des tentatives d’émigration clandestine de 151 personnes à Oran, El Tarf, Chlef et Tipaza tandis que 21 immigrants clandestins de différentes nationalités ont été interceptés à Tindouf et Djanet », indique le MDN dans un communiqué publié ce samedi.

    Jeudi, 150 autres harrages avaient été arrêtés alors qu’ils tentaient de traverser la Méditerranée à bord d’embarcations de fortune. Cette opération a été menée par des détachements des Garde-côtes au large d’Annaba, El-Kala (wilaya d’El Tarf), Mostaganem, Oran et Ain Témouchent.

    En 2019, l’armée a mis en échec « 3053 tentatives d’émigration clandestine » et sauve « 331 personnes », selon son bilan annuel publié hier vendredi par le MDN.

    https://www.tsa-algerie.com/plus-de-300-migrants-clandestins-interceptes-au-large-des-cotes-algerie
    #Algérie #migrations #émigration #statistiques #chiffres #Méditerranée

  • En #Bolivie, la colère des indigènes contre la #politique_environnementale d’#Evo_Morales

    Depuis un mois, elle #marche. A l’entrée de Santa Cruz, point d’arrivée de la #marche_indigène contre le président Evo Morales, candidat dimanche à un quatrième mandat, des larmes de colère coulent sur le visage de cette puissante cacique.

    « Je suis inquiète car ce n’est pas possible qu’on laisse sans terre les futures générations. Ce n’est pas juste ! (Evo Morales) dit être un président indigène, mais c’est un dictateur ! », lâche Beatriz Tapanache, 64 ans, grande cacique de la région de la Chiquitania, où elle a à sa charge quelque 80.000 indiens.

    Robe à fleurs brodées et sandales, elle est partie le 16 septembre avec d’autre leaders autochtones de San Ignacio de Velasco (est). En tout, la Xe marche indigène a parcouru plus de 400 kilomètres. Au bord d’une route à deux voies menant à la capitale économique du pays, elle reprend des forces à l’ombre avant d’entamer le dernier tronçon au côté de quelque 300 personnes.

    Les gigantesques #incendies qui ont ravagé en août et septembre une zone presque de la taille de la Suisse ont provoqué l’indignation des peuples indigènes qui accusent Evo Morales d’avoir sacrifié la #Pachamama, la Terre mère en langue quechua, pour étendre les #terres cultivables.

    Les incendies, qui ont détruit 4,1 millions d’hectares de forêts et de zones herbeuses dans toute la Bolivie, ont également dévasté la #forêt primaire s’étendant sur une centaine d’hectares dans la réserve de #Tucavaca, également dans le département de #Santa_Cruz.

    Les défenseurs de l’environnement reprochent au gouvernement d’avoir approuvé récemment une loi autorisant une augmentation de 5 à 20 hectares de la #déforestation par #brûlis pour des #activités_agricoles. Le pouvoir, lui, avait rejeté la #responsabilité des incendies sur la #sécheresse qui frappe le pays, les #vents violents et des #déboisements illégaux.

    « C’est devenu totalement incontrôlable pour le gouvernement quand des personnes qui ne connaissaient pas la forêt de la Chiquitania ont brûlé des terres. La nation chuiquitana est la plus affectée car elle vit de la forêt. Elle vit de la cueillette des fruits, de la chasse, de la pêche et de ce qu’elle sème », explique Adolfo Chavez, dirigeant indigène de la région amazonienne.

    – « Ni aymara, ni quechua » -

    Adolfo, qui marche en tête de cortège, avait participé aux précédentes marches indigènes. La dernière #mobilisation, la neuvième, avait eu lieu en 2012 contre le projet étatique de route à travers le #Tipnis, un parc naturel d’un million d’hectares, territoire ancestral de 50.000 indiens.

    Cette fois, beaucoup n’ont pas pu faire le déplacement, tant la situation sur place est difficile.

    « Qui va entretenir nos frères durant les six prochains mois ? On ne peut plus rien faire (là-bas). Les maisons ont brûlé, il n’y a plus de palmes, plus de plantes ou de bois pour construire les habitations », se désole-t-il.

    Mais au-delà du nombre, une centaine au départ, puis une poignée au c ?ur de la marche, avant que le groupe de marcheurs ne grossisse à nouveau à l’approche de Santa Cruz, c’est le symbole que cela représente pour celui que l’on désigne comme le « président indigène ».

    Durant cette marche, des indigènes de l’altiplano, les hautes terres, d’où est originaire Evo Morales, sont venus soutenir leurs frères des plaines, les basses terres.

    Juan Jaita Aro, 53 ans, est de ceux-là. Chapeau de paille et poncho traditionnel rouge à rayures, il porte, comme beaucoup d’autres manifestants, une pousse d’arbre dans la main. C’est le #Lapacho ou arbre sacré des incas aux fleurs rosées, appelé #Tajibo en Bolivie et très présent dans la Chiquitania.

    Outre la forêt, « les animaux ont été calcinés et l’#environnement contaminé. C’est pour ça que nous sommes venus soutenir nos frères indigènes des basses terres », explique Juan, originaire du département de Potosi (sud-ouest).

    « Nous n’avons jamais été derrière Evo Morales car nous aussi, dans les hautes terres, on a porté atteinte à nos droits, nous avons été soumis (...) Nous ne le considérons pas comme un indigène, mais comme un #colon_de_coca (de la région) du #Chaparé, car il ne parle pas aymara, ni quechua », lance-t-il.

    https://www.courrierinternational.com/depeche/en-bolivie-la-colere-des-indigenes-contre-la-politique-enviro
    #Morales #peuples_autochtones #résistance #coca

    ping @odilon

    • Les « gentils indigènes » comme on les aime bien en Europe (ou dans les quartiers huppés de La Paz ou Santa Cruz)... pas anticapitalistes, font garde-champêtre (à condition d’obtenir des crédits carbone), si possible ont des plumes sur la tête.

  • Un des instruments de la manipulation des journalistes (notamment américains), The Israel Projet (TIP) en Israël met la clef sous la porte. On ne s’en plaindra pas. L’occasion de revoir sur @orientxxi le documentaire sur le lobby https://orientxxi.info/magazine/un-documentaire-interdit-sur-le-lobby-pro-israelien-aux-etats-unis,2715

    What the collapse of this leading pro-Israel group means for the future of hasbara in the U.S. - U.S. News - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-behind-the-scenes-of-the-israel-project-collapse-as-it-shutters-je

    WASHINGTON — The Jerusalem office of leading pro-Israel advocacy organization The Israel Project shuttered on Wednesday, with its local head citing polarization among America’s pro-Israel community as a key cause for its demise.

    As previously reported by Haaretz, the U.S. nongovernmental organization has encountered a severe budget crisis and is in the process of shutting down completely. Wednesday’s development, with the office being cleared and all staff laid off, was the clearest indication yet that the organization will cease to exist in the near future.

    Some of TIP’s supporters and partners were hoping to maintain the Jerusalem office — which specialized in working with foreign journalists stationed in Israel and had developed an extensive list of contacts among the world’s most prominent media outlets. However, as of now, the office seems unlikely to ever reopen.

    “They just have no money left, absolutely nothing,” said one person who has worked closely with TIP over the years. Work at its U.S. office, in Washington, has also come to a halt, with TIP’s board of directors debating how exactly to end operations.

    Lior Weintraub, the NGO’s vice president and head of its Israel office, wrote on Facebook Thursday morning (in Hebrew): “After almost 15 years, yesterday was the last day of the Israeli office of The Israel Project.” Weintraub wrote that the organization’s core mission — improving Israel’s image in the international media by working directly with journalists, editors and opinion makers — remains “more important than ever,” despite TIP’s current crisis.

    Weintraub, a former Israeli diplomat who previously served as the chief of staff and spokesperson at the Israeli Embassy in Washington, provided the following explanation for TIP’s collapse: “So what happened? A lot. We were the Israeli branch of a U.S. organization that based its work mostly on the commitment and support of Americans, most of them Jewish, from both sides of the political divide — Democrats and Republicans.
    Lior Weintraub, The Israel Project’s VP and head of its now shuttered Israel office.
    Lior Weintraub, The Israel Project’s VP and head of its now shuttered Israel office.Lior Mizrahi, Baubau

    “During the fight over the Iran nuclear deal [in 2015], we fought with everything we had, without any compromises. In the following two and a half years, when the polarization in America reached new heights, we maintained — forcefully and without compromise — a nonpartisan middle ground, because we knew it was the right way to serve Israel and the U.S.-Israel relationship.”
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    Weintraub described how, in recent years, certain Democratic supporters left TIP “because we attacked the Iran deal; because Israel became part of the internal American political debate; because we didn’t choose sides; and because support for Israel became too complicated for some of them in these times.”

    He added that some Republican supporters also left TIP at the same time: “They chose to support initiatives that fully expressed their personal worldviews. There were very few buyers for a centrist approach in 2019.”

    According to Weintraub, “TIP became the first casualty of the polarization in the pro-Israel community in America — and in some ways that’s alright. Certain causes are worth paying a price for.”

    In recent weeks, Haaretz spoke with former employees, donors and board members who witnessed TIP’s crisis from the inside. They described how the organization, which for years was considered a leading enterprise in the field of pro-Israel advocacy, went from being “the future of the pro-Israel community” to being on the verge of shuttering.

    Other Israel advocacy organizations are following TIP’s collapse closely, trying to learn practical lessons from it in order to avoid a similar fate. “The entire combination of things that happened to us over the past years was unique,” said a former TIP employee, “but some of the problems we faced can definitely happen tomorrow at another organization — and maybe they are already happening and people just don’t know it yet.”

  • Quand les multinationales attaquent les États

    À l’automne 2016, des millions d’Européens descendent dans la rue pour protester contre le Ceta, le traité de libre-échange avec le Canada. Son rejet par la Wallonie, par la voix de son ministre-président Paul Magnette, plonge alors l’UE dans une grave crise et place les tribunaux d’arbitrage sous le feu des projecteurs – et des critiques. Ce dispositif, prévu dans le cadre de nombreux accords commerciaux internationaux, permet à des multinationales d’attaquer les États devant des juges privés – des avocats d’affaires –, afin de réclamer la compensation d’un manque à gagner réel ou potentiel induit par un changement de législation. En 2016, Cosigo Resources Ltd. a ainsi déposé une demande d’arbitrage contre la Colombie : en classant « parc naturel national » un territoire amazonien sacré, Bogotá a annulé la concession minière de la compagnie canadienne, laquelle estime son préjudice à 16 milliards de dollars, soit environ 20 % du budget national colombien...
    « L’arbitrage est un système profondément défaillant. Il n’est pas juste, pas indépendant, et il est loin d’être équilibré », assène le professeur de droit canadien Gus Van Harten. De la Colombie à l’Allemagne en passant par le Pérou, aux prises avec la multinationale Renco, dont la fonderie de plomb de La Oroya (la « Tchernobyl des Andes ») crache des fumées toxiques qui empoisonnent les enfants, Claire Alet et Cécile Ancieu (La Dette, une spirale infernale ?) ont enquêté dans les arcanes de cette justice opaque, au pouvoir démesuré. Créé par les États, dans l’objectif d’attirer des investisseurs, ce système fragilise leur capacité à légiférer sur l’environnement, la santé, les conditions de travail, le tout au détriment des citoyens, qui seront en outre amenés à payer l’addition.


    http://www.film-documentaire.fr/4DACTION/w_fiche_film/54819_1
    #film #documentaire
    #Etat #Etat-nation #arbitrage_international #multinationales #tribunaux_d'arbitrage_international #dédommagement #procès_en_arbitrage #justice #droits_fondamentaux #CETA #TIPP #Colombie #mines #or #extractivisme #peuples_autochtones #Cosigo_Resources #litiges_en_arbitrage #titres_miniers #traité_de_libre-échange #accord_de_libre-échange #développement #développementalisme #Makuna #réserve_naturelle #résistance #exploitation #sites_sacrés #Tanimuka #exploitation_minière #Tobie_mining_energy #environnement #responsabilité_des_entreprises #investissements_étrangers #ISDS #plainte #gains_potentiels #manque_à_gagner #exploitation_indirecte #globalisation #mondialisation #dissuasion #Gus_Van_Harten #secret #Vattenfall #Allemagne #nucléaire #La_Oroya #Pérou #Doe_Run #Renco

  • Reasons Why You Should Keep Learning C/C++
    https://hownot2code.com/2019/04/30/reasons-why-you-should-keep-learning-c-c

    Many beginners and students find C/C++ language hard to master because it requires them to think a lot. There are many language-specific quirks, especially in C++, that give students and programmers a hard time. It also has a steep learning curve and is rarely used in modern application development, which prompts many people to give … Continue reading Reasons Why You Should Keep Learning C/C++

    #Tips_and_tricks #C# #cpp #programming #programming_language
    https://1.gravatar.com/avatar/a7fa0bb4ebff5650d2c83cb2596ad2aa?s=96&d=identicon&r=G

  • Lightning #talks at Github HQ: How a CDN Saved Our Hosting Bill
    https://hackernoon.com/lightning-talks-at-github-hq-how-a-cdn-saved-our-hosting-bill-b5cc1c6eda

    https://medium.com/media/3d07af6c38487b35615d79559ae486e3/hrefLast month, I gave my first dev talk! It was the first time I had spoken in front of a crowd since I was 11, so naturally, I was extremely nervous. Here, I’d like to share some #tips for devs giving a talk for the first time, from someone who just went through it:Look people in the eye! If this is too nerve-racking, try looking towards the back of the audience. You won’t have to make direct eye contact, but it’ll look like you are. Engage with the audience!Move your hands. No one came here to see you standing there with your hands in your pockets. I made this mistake early in the talk, but my training and practice kicked in, and I remembered to articulate with my hands. Express yourself!Speaking of practice: practice really does (...)

    #software-development #advice #public-speaking

  • Will digital #tipping become cryptocurrencies first real-world use case?
    https://hackernoon.com/will-digital-tipping-become-cryptocurrencies-first-real-world-use-case-e

    During the high tide that was 2017, when Bitcoin and Ethereum knew no limits, its growth coincided with an explosion of #cryptocurrency based projects which were all looking to raise funds with the help of this new hybrid capital sourcing strategy called an ICO.No name tech companies and startups from across the globe were raising millions in a matter of weeks without having to pitch in front to Angel Investors or VC’s and signing away a percentage of their equity.This access to global funding was unprecedented and inspiring, to see a community come together and support projects but the real issue was the problems these projects were aiming to tackle. While it seemed great in theory when it came down to the practical implementation many of these cryptocurrency projects failed to deliver a (...)

    #blockchain #content-creators #social-media

  • Israël - Territoires palestiniens -
    Non-renouvellement de la présence internationale temporaire à Hébron (28.01.19) - France-Diplomatie - Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères
    https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/dossiers-pays/israel-territoires-palestiniens/processus-de-paix/evenements/article/israel-territoires-palestiniens-non-renouvellement-de-la-presence

    Israël a annoncé que la Présence internationale temporaire à Hébron (TIPH) ne serait pas renouvelée. Mise en place en 1997 dans le cadre de la résolution 904 du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies (1994) et des accords d’Oslo II (1995), cette mission d’observation civile a joué un rôle important pour veiller au respect de ces accords ainsi que du droit international humanitaire et du droit international des droits de l’Homme. Sa présence dans la ville a contribué à prévenir les incidents entre les habitants palestiniens et les colons.
    #Hebron #TIPH
    Cette décision risque d’accentuer les tensions sur le terrain dans un contexte sécuritaire déjà précaire à Hébron, et alors que se poursuit la politique de colonisation israélienne dans la ville comme dans le reste de la Cisjordanie et à Jérusalem. La France regrette cette décision et appelle Israël à la réexaminer.

    Elle invite les deux parties à s’inscrire dans la relance d’un processus politique crédible visant à mettre en œuvre la solution des deux Etats, seule à même d’assurer une solution juste et durable au conflit conforme aux aspirations des deux peuples.

    La France rend hommage aux hommes et aux femmes qui ont servi pendant vingt-deux ans dans la TIPH, dans des conditions souvent difficiles. Deux d’entre eux ont perdu la vie dans l’accomplissement de leur mission.

    #Francediplo

  • Une affaire relativement petite et technique, mais qui démontre le recul des anti-BDS aux États-Unis, pourtant pays leader en la matière :

    Les sénateurs américains rejettent la loi anti-BDS et pro-Israël
    Maannews, le 10 janvier 2019
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/01/14/les-senateurs-americains-rejettent-la-loi-anti-bds-et-pro-israe

    Traduction de :

    US Senators vote down anti-BDS, pro-Israeli bill
    Maannews, le 10 janvier 2019
    https://seenthis.net/messages/750837

    A regrouper avec un autre recul aux Etats-Unis :

    Former legislator in Maryland sues state over anti-BDS law
    Middle East Eye, le 9 janvier 2019
    https://seenthis.net/messages/750709

    #BDS #USA #Palestine

  • Rewire your brain — be efficient, organised and smart
    https://hackernoon.com/rewire-your-brain-be-efficient-organised-and-smart-e6fd7c337d79?source=r

    Rewire your brain — be efficient, organised and smartAs human beings, we all have likes, dislikes, moments, memories, fears, hopes, wishes, dreams and aspirations. They are all infinitely, formed and reformed every day, every second.We are also a slave to our subconscious patterns, habits and reflexes. It could be something as simple as wetting our feet before starting a bath or wearing a pair of socks in the right foot first — we don’t do it intentionally, do we? Our brain, in effect, becomes the ultimate recorder for all of these versions and iterations of thoughts. And we continue to wire our brain subconsciously.Let’s quantify the amount of information our brain can store — it has a storage and memory power of a super-duper-computer — it can store about 2.5 petabytes i.e. 2.5 million gigabytes (...)

    #personal-development #productivity #self-improvement #tips #thinking

  • #aws for the #ciso — What you always wanted to ask but were too afraid of
    https://hackernoon.com/aws-for-the-ciso-what-you-always-wanted-to-ask-but-were-too-afraid-of-eb

    AWS for the CISO — What you always wanted to ask but were too afraid ofWe live in a world that has walls and those walls need to be guarded by men with guns. — Aaron SorkinIf you loved technology at one point of time but now are unable to be up to speed on account of management responsibilities -If the word “Cloud” (strictly in reference to computing) gives you bouts of paranoia around aspects of #security -If you are evaluating cloud proposals but with a lingering tinge of doubt around the security implications -Alone and scared — what lies ahead !!!!!ThenKeep calm and read onDuring the course of my employment wherein, I am involved in the assessment of cloud migration proposals from solution vendors for a global banking giant, I have noticed that there is still a tinge of insecurity amongst the (...)

    #aws-for-the-ciso #tips

  • Il n’y a pas qu’en Chine qu’il y a un futur… Des trucs de Manu Chao récents…

    No solo en China hay futuro
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNCN1U8GFNE

    Dans mon jardin vidéo dehors en soutien contre Europacity
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KEwQ4S-1QY

    Vivir sin ti
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9cfSsoYn3I

    ================

    TI.PO.TA, le couple Manu Chao et Klelia Renesi

    Moonlight avenue
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNEvS-1ZGgM

    Do you hear me calling, sur les réfugiés en Grèce
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffoUvrGqpgA

    Athina vrazi
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_s9A_WbL4c

    Ti.po.ta is nothing ... but a rubber dolly song
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CaZN8CO1e6Q

    Peki Peki song
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSAmcedkOXo

    #musique #chanson #Manu_Chao #Klelia_Renesi #TIPOTA

  • The 6 Best Mechanisms To Put In Place When #scaling Your Company
    https://hackernoon.com/the-6-best-mechanisms-to-put-in-place-when-scaling-your-company-856bbcbd

    Photo by Shane Aldendorff (Unsplash)Good Intentions Don’t Scale — Mechanisms DoIn the early days, the goal of any #startup is clear: keep the business moving forward — ideally, upwards and to the right.Because the team is so lean and tightly focused on a small number of goals, every employee understands who owns what, what work needs to be done, and what the quality of that work should be. The processes that are in place, if any, are basic.And that’s ok.Young companies don’t need overly complicated systems to act as blockers to early momentum.But, what happens as that young company starts to scale? As a five-person team becomes fifty? As your customer base grows from 20 to 20,000? Just as a company matures, so too must the mechanisms by which it operates.At FirstMark’s 2018 CTO Summit, Ian Wong, (...)

    #okr #engineering #tips

  • Les routes de l’#esclavage (1/4)
    476-1375 : au-delà du désert

    Domination, violence, profit : le système criminel de l’esclavage a marqué l’histoire du monde et de l’humanité. Au fil de ses routes, cette série documentaire retrace pour la première fois la tragédie des traites négrières. Captivant et implacable. Premier volet : de la chute de Rome en 476 à la fin du XIVe siècle.

    Après la chute de Rome en 476, les peuples (Wisigoths, Ostrogoths, Berbères, Slaves, Byzantins, Nubiens et Arabes) se disputent les ruines de l’Empire. Tous pratiquent l’asservissement – « esclave » viendrait du mot « slave ». Mais au VIIe siècle émerge un Empire arabe. Au rythme de ses conquêtes se tisse, entre l’Afrique et le Moyen-Orient, un immense réseau de traite d’esclaves, dont la demande ne cesse de croître et qui converge vers Bagdad, nouveau centre du monde. Après la révolte des Zanj – des esclaves africains –, qui s’achève dans un bain de sang, le trafic se redéploie vers l’intérieur du continent. Deux grandes cités commerciales et marchés aux esclaves s’imposent : Le Caire au nord, et Tombouctou au sud, place forte de l’Empire du Mali d’où partent les caravanes. Au fil des siècles, les populations subsahariennes deviennent la principale « matière première » de ce trafic criminel.

    https://www.arte.tv/fr/videos/068406-001-A/les-routes-de-l-esclavage-1-4

    #film #documentaire #Afrique #Empire_romain #histoire #pratique_généralisée #traite #Fustat #économie #Nubie #guerre #violence #butins_de_guerre #Bagdad #main-d'oeuvre #Islam #Berbères #dromadaires #Sahara #Tombouctou #Empire_du_Mali #or #altérité #Touareg #essentialisme #fatalité #Basora #Le_Caire #esclaves_domestiques #paternalisme #négation_de_l'être #domination #esclavage_doux #oasis #Atlas_catalan

    #Catherine_Coquery-Vidrovitch :

    Dans l’Empire arabo-musulman, « l’#esclave n’était pas différencié par sa couleur, ça ne comptait pas. L’esclave était différencié par sa #culture. Il n’avait pas la culture du dominant »

    #géographie_culturelle #domination

    #Ibrahima_Thioub, université Cheickh Anta Diop, Sénégal :

    « Pour mettre en esclavage un individu, un des phénomènes importants c’est de le construire comme autre, de construire une #altérité. Les sociétés humaines ont des registres assez larges. On peut utiliser la différence de #couleur_de_peau, la différence de #religion. Dans la #traite_trans-saharienne, on va combiner les deux ».

    https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahima_Thioub

    Ibrahima Thioub :

    « L’intérêt des maîtres, c’est de faire croire à l’individu qu’il est esclave non pas parce qu’un jour on lui a opposé un rapport de force qui est réversible, mais parce que, par sa nature, il est destiné à être un esclave. C’est une #idéologie extrêmement forte. Si votre sang est considéré comme un sang servile, et que cette nature vous la transmettez à votre descendance, il devient impossible de sortir du phénomène esclavagiste »

    Selon ce qui est dit dans ce reportage, 3,5 millions d’Africains ont circulé sur les routes de l’esclavage entre le 7ème et le 14ème siècle.

  • 7 Practical #Tips for Cheating at #Design – Refactoring #UI
    https://medium.com/refactoring-ui/7-practical-tips-for-cheating-at-design-40c736799886

    1. Use color and weight to create hierarchy instead of size
    2. Don’t use grey text on colored backgrounds
    3. Offset your shadows
    4. Use fewer borders
    5. Don’t blow up icons that are meant to be small
    6. Use accent borders to add color to a bland design
    7. Not every button needs a background color