• « Volontourisme » : le juteux business de l’humanitaire sur catalogue

    Les « missions de volontariat » que vendent certaines sociétés sont largement critiquées : la démarche, d’abord commerciale, peut affecter les populations locales.

    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2018/06/24/volontourisme-le-juteux-business-de-l-humanitaire-sur-catalogue_5320317_3232
    #Volontourisme #tourisme #bénévolat #humanitaire #tourisme_humanitaire #business


  • L’#ex-Yougoslavie bataille autour des #symboles de l’#antifascisme

    Un étrange combat se trame autour de monuments historiques, symboles de l’antifascisme et de la lutte contre le nazisme. Les spomeniks, ces mémoriaux érigés en hommage aux résistants de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, cristallisent les tensions politiques actuelles dans l’ex-Yougoslavie. Cet #héritage de l’époque de Tito, peu préservé et contesté par des groupes nationalistes, témoigne de la difficile dislocation de la République fédérative socialiste de Yougoslavie. Depuis 2012, Alberto Campi parcourt les Balkans pour photographier et cartographier ces sculptures parfois colossales. Ses recherches ont débuté avec un projet photographique en noir et blanc intitulé +38 et se sont poursuivies au printemps 2018, avec la journaliste Daphné Gastaldi, en Serbie, en Croatie et en Bosnie-Herzégovine. Dans ces pays, une nouvelle tendance de « tourisme noir » est en train de se développer, attirant les voyageurs étrangers sur la piste des spomeniks.

    https://www.mediapart.fr/studio/portfolios/l-ex-yougoslavie-bataille-autour-des-symboles-de-l-antifascisme
    #spomenik #mémoire #monuments #tourisme_noir #dark_tourism #yougonostalgie #Jasenovac

    Photos @albertocampiphoto, texte @daphne

    cc @reka


  • Steuerbehörden fordern Daten an: Ämter knöpfen sich Airbnb-Vermieter vor
    https://www.n-tv.de/wirtschaft/Amter-knoepfen-sich-Airbnb-Vermieter-vor-article20419544.html

    Mithilfe von Daten aus Irland wollen die deutschen Steuerbehörden möglicherweise illegalen Vermietern auf die Schliche kommen, die Wohnungen über die Plattform Airbnb anbieten. Ertappten Steuersündern drohen hohe Strafen.

    Die deutschen Finanzbehörden wollen tausende Airbnb-Vermieter wegen möglicher Steuerhinterziehung überprüfen. Wie die „Wirtschaftswoche“ berichtet, stellte Deutschland dafür ein Auskunftsersuchen an Irland, wo das weltgrößte Unterkunftsvermittlungsportal seinen Europa-Sitz hat. Das zuständige Bundeszentralamt für Steuern (BZSt) in Bonn habe bereits eine entsprechende Gruppenanfrage nach Dublin geschickt, um die Herausgabe der Daten zu erreichen.
    Video

    Die Namen der Airbnb-Vermittler sollen anschließend von den deutschen Finanzbehörden daraufhin überprüft werden, ob diese in ihren Steuerklärungen entsprechende Einkünfte aus der Vermietung angegeben haben, wie das Magazin berichtete.

    Der Hamburger Finanzsenat, der die Gruppenanfrage auf den Weg brachte, erklärte demnach, es würden „verschiedene Ermittlungen aufgenommen, um die hinter dem Angebot von Ferienwohnungen auf Online-Plattformen stehenden Steuerpflichtigen zu identifizieren und die ordnungsgemäße Besteuerung sicherzustellen“. Das Bundesfinanzministerium habe weitreichende Unterstützung signalisiert, berichtete die „Wirtschaftswoche“ weiter.

    Ertappten droht Steuernachzahlung

    Auch der Vorsitzende der Deutschen Steuergewerkschaft, Thomas Eigenthaler, begrüßte das Vorgehen gegen illegale Ferienwohnungsvermieter und forderte, die Finanzverwaltung müsse nun darauf vorbereitet werden, „dass sie die Massendaten aus einer solchen Gruppenanfrage zügig verarbeiten kann“. Ertappten Vermietern drohen eine Steuernachzahlung für die letzten zehn Jahre zuzüglich sechs Prozent Verzugszins pro Jahr plus Strafbescheid und Ordnungsgeld bei illegaler Vermietung.

    Airbnb vermittelt über sein Portal einzelne Zimmer bis hin zu ganzen Häusern an Touristen. Während sich Airbnb auch immer wieder Vorwürfen ausgesetzt sieht, dadurch die Wohnungssituation in Großstädten zu verschärfen, betont das Unternehmen hingegen, der Fokus der Plattform liege auf „Homesharing“, der temporären Weitervermietung der eigenen Wohnung.

    #Airbnb #tourisme #logement #Allemagne #impôts


  • Accor takes on rampant Airbnb in Australia with onefinestay | afr.com
    https://www.afr.com/real-estate/commercial/hotels-and-leisure/accor-takes-on-rampant-airbnb-in-australia-with-onefinestay-20180501-h0zinu

    Accor, the country’s biggest hotel operator, is taking on the rampant growth of Airbnb and the unregulated shadow accommodation sector in Australia with the launch in Australia and New Zealand of its luxury private rental business onefinestay.

    Offering stays in more than 10,000 high-end homes, penthouse apartments, beachside villas and grand country mansions around the world, onefinestay will initially launch in Sydney, Melbourne and Queensland before rapidly expanding nationally.

    “Private rentals are part of Accor’s global portfolio and have become a major part of the tourism sector,” Accor Pacific boss Simon McGrath told hotel industry conference AHICE on Wednesday.

    “With the amount of tourism happening worldwide, clients are inclined to not just stay in one sector. They will stay in different hotels at different times of the year for different reasons, so offering the breadth of brand and experience is very important,” he said.
    Accor, the country’s biggest hotel operator, is taking on the rampant growth of Airbnb.
    Accor, the country’s biggest hotel operator, is taking on the rampant growth of Airbnb. Josh Robenstone

    Last year, at the same conference, Accor’s visionary global CEO Sebastian Bazin described described Airbnb as a “formidable concept”.

    But he also said Accor, which is set to acquire its major Australian rival Mantra Group for $1.2 billion later this year, was tapping into Airbnb territory by acquiring a host of digital businesses and adapting its own business model to compete.

    “I am trying to adapt. I am saying what they do is nice and it’s growing, so why not tap into their territory. They are tapping into mine, so I might as well do it to them,” Mr Bazin said.

    Accor’s Australia and NZ launch of onefinestay, which it acquired in 2016 for €147 million, comes as the local hotel industry battles to keep up with the growth of Airbnb, which now exceeds 141,000 listings in Australia.

    Deloitte tourism and hospitality’s Bryon Merzeo told AHICE conference delegates that in 2017 growth in private rentals –Airbnb and others – was at 9.6 per cent, almost double the rate of growth in new hotels rooms (5.6 per cent).
    A major issue for Airbnb globally has been inconsistent or non-existent service for guests.
    A major issue for Airbnb globally has been inconsistent or non-existent service for guests. Stocksy

    Accor’s decision to bring onefinestay to Australia will provide an alternative platform for wealthy property owners and investors to rent out their villas, mansions and penthouses.

    For investors, it will give them access to the marketing power of one of the world’s biggest hotel networks and a platform while onefinestay guests will enjoy hotel-like services through Accor’s 24/7 mobile concierge business John Paul.

    A major issue for Airbnb globally has been inconsistent or non-existent service for guests, though a number of property management companies have sprung up to provide services such as housekeeping for investors.

    The hotel industry continues to push for regulation of Airbnb with Accommodation Association of Australia chief executive Richard Munro telling the conference that Airbnb and online travel agents (which take hefty commissions on room sales) were now the two biggest issues for its members.

    “Our role is to bring to the attention of government non-compliant accommodation providers. It’s a challenge because there’s three levels of government, including 547 local councils,” he said.

    Alongside the launch of onefinestay, Mr McGrath said Accor was also having “discussions” on bringing brands like Mama Shelters, 25Hours, Banyan Tree, Raffles and Fairmount to Australia amid a buoyant market.

    “We are having four or five discussions on each of those brands,” he said.

    Speaking at AHICE, Savills global head of hotels, George Nicholas, said he expected Australia to continue to punch above its weight as an investment destination with most of the demand coming from Asia along with some interest from the US and Germany.

    “We’re estimating there will be about 50 transactions in 2018 worth around $2 billion or more,” Mr Nicholas said. "This compares with just over 40 transactions in 2017 and more than 70 in both 2015 and 2016.

    #Airbnb #tourisme #logement #commerce #concurrence


  • Airbnb ad attempts outreach to minorities | Crain’s New York Business
    http://www.crainsnewyork.com/article/20180515/POLITICS/180519937/airbnb-ad-attempts-outreach-to-minorities

    Airbnb is taking to the airwaves.

    The tech firm launched a new ad Monday featuring a “home sharing” Bronx couple—a message that seems aimed at building support for Airbnb among black voters and lawmakers. The TV spot follows a marketing assault from the hotel industry, organized labor, activist groups and city Comptroller Scott Stringer that produced and publicized findings that the online rental service has accelerated gentrification by illegally converting apartments to short-term lodgings for travelers.

    The ad, titled “Meet Mike & Sharon,” features an African-American father, mother and images of their home and children.

    “I love being an Airbnb host because of all the people that I meet,” Sharon tells the camera. “It helps people who are struggling.”

    Mike takes a more aggressive tack, seeming to push back on claims by Stringer and the industry-backed ShareBetter coalition that Airbnb has made New York more expensive.

    “Airbnb has allowed me to pay my mortgage when I lost my job,” he says. “The big hotels are trying to take away our right for us to be able to share our homes. They’re making it impossible for us to be able to live here.”

    ShareBetter is pushing a proposal by Manhattan Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal that would obligate Airbnb to disclose to local law enforcement the addresses of all apartments listed on its site. This would make it easier for the union- and hotel-friendly de Blasio administration to crack down on apartments rented for fewer than 30 days without the primary tenant present.

    It would not, however, affect homeowners like Mike and Sharon who remain on-site with their guests.

    Airbnb, for its part, has advanced a bill with Brooklyn Assemblyman Joseph Lentol that would ease the state occupancy law to allow for the renting of apartments for a less than a month so long as the host registers the unit with the state. The spot released Monday is the second part of a seven-figure ad buy targeting New York City and the Albany area.

    A spokesman for ShareBetter note that a new City Council bill mirrors Rosenthal’s Assembly proposal, and would obligate Airbnb to share the addresses of its listings with the Mayor’s Office of Special Enforcement.

    “We’re taking action to do what they have failed to do—protect affordable housing from shady operators,” Council Speaker Corey Johnson, a close ally of the Hotel Trades Council, told Politico.

    The hotel workers union’s political director, Jason Ortiz, indicated in a February interview with Crain’s that his organization would push for such a bill this year.

    #Airbnb #tourisme #logement #social



  • AirBnb startet neue Luxus-Offensive für Hotels
    http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wirtschaft/diginomics/airbnb-startet-neue-luxus-offensive-fuer-hotels-15463939.html

    Die Kampfansage an die Hotellerie heißt „AirBnb Plus“ und verspricht erlesene Standards, die beste Hotels bieten, aber zum günstigeren Preis. Der am Donnerstag vorgestellte Dienst geht mit einem Schlag die größten Probleme an, die heute noch viele Menschen daran hindern, sich in einer AirBnb-Privatwohnung einzunisten, statt im Hotel. Es sind die Unberechenbarkeit, was man am Zielort vorfinden wird, sowie Unzuverlässigkeiten und mögliche Diskriminierungen bei der Buchung.

    Studien haben gezeigt, dass bestimmte Bevölkerungsgruppen größere Probleme haben, als Gäste angenommen zu werden, als andere. Und die AirBnb-Wohnung kann wie eine Wundertüte sein. Von fehlenden Handtüchern, dreckigen Teppichen bis zu kaputten Heizungen ist alles möglich. Wütende Kunden haben sich auch schon beschwert, dass kurzfristig ihre Wohnung einfach storniert und so der Urlaub ruiniert wurde.
    Doppelter Preis pro Nacht

    Das soll bald der Vergangenheit angehören. Ausgewählte Gastgeber können für eine einmalige Gebühr von 149 Dollar ihre Unterkünfte jetzt für „AirBnb Plus“ registrieren lassen. Ein Mitarbeiter des Unternehmens kommt vorbei, schießt Fotos und arbeitet eine 100 Punkte lange Checkliste ab, vom Shampoo im Badezimmer bis zum selbständig möglichen Check-In. Ein Vermieter muss besonders zuverlässig und professionell sein, um akzeptiert zu werden. Eine Bedingung ist eine 95-prozentige Annahmerate von Bewerbungen. Das soll sicherstellen, dass Gäste nicht nach persönlichen Vorlieben (oder Vorurteilen) ausgesiebt werden. Außerdem muss die Kündigungsrate nach Vertragsschluss bei absolut Null liegen und die Gäste müssen im Schnitt mindesten eine Bewertung von 4,8 von 5 möglichen Sternen hinterlassen haben.

    Wer eine solche Bewertung hat, der lässt niemanden vor der verschlossenen Tür stehen. Ausreden lässt Amber Cartwright, verantwortlich für das Programm, nicht gelten: „Perfekte Gastgeber finden immer einen Weg, um eine Wohnung zu übergeben.“ Dafür winken den zunächst 2000 Gastgebern in 13 Städten, darunter Shanghai und Los Angeles, deutlich höhere Preise. Im Schnitt können sie bis zu 200 Dollar pro Nacht verlangen, der Durchschnitt liegt heute bei rund 100 Dollar.

    Die Veranstaltung zum zehnten Jahrestag von AirBnb stand ganz im Zeichen der neuen Luxusoffensive, mit der das Start-up aus San Francisco endgültig zum virtuellen Hotelanbieter mit garantierten Standards werden will. Denn der Weg zur magischen Milliarde ist weit und nicht ohne eine Ausweitung der Nutzerbasis möglich. „AirBnb Plus“ ist zum Beispiel ein Versuch, Geschäftsreisende mit hohen Ansprüchen anzusprechen.

    #Airbnb #tourisme #logement #commerce



  • The next local control fight? Like Uber before, city regulations for AirBnB and HomeAway are in the crosshairs | The Texas Tribune
    https://www.texastribune.org/2018/04/19/unresolved-legislature-short-term-rentals-become-local-control-fight-c

    This time, the fight is happening in the courts after attempts to overturn short-term rental ordinances failed in the Legislature.

    by Emma Platoff April 19, 2018 12 AM

    When the Zaataris moved to Texas from Lebanon, part of the draw was the American Dream. In Austin, they’re working toward that dream in the real estate business.

    The young couple wants to grow their family — “I’m negotiating for three,” Ahmad Zaatari joked — but they rely on the income from their short-term rental property to support the one child they already have. But with overburdensome regulation, some argue, “the City of Austin wants to shut them down.”

    That claim appears in glossy detail in a promotional video compiled recently by one of Texas’ most influential conservative think tanks. The video closes: “The Zaatari family believed in the American Dream. The Center for the American Future is fighting to keep it alive.”

    The Zataaris are two in a small group of plaintiffs represented by the Center for the American Future, a legal arm of the Texas Public Policy Foundation that filed a suit against the city of Austin in 2016 calling the city’s short-term rental ordinance unconstitutional. That case, which is now winding its way through state appeals courts, has emerged as a likely candidate for review at the state’s highest civil court. And it’s been bolstered by Attorney General Ken Paxton, Texas’ top lawyer, who has sided several times with the homeowners, most recently in a 102-page brief.

    Short-term rentals, a longtime local reality especially widespread in vacation destinations like Austin and Galveston, have become astronomically more popular in the last decade with the rise of web platforms like AirBnB and Austin-based HomeAway. That ubiquity has ripened them for regulation — and for litigation, including more than one case pending before the Texas Supreme Court. In Texas, it’s a new frontier for the simmering state-city fight over local control. Left unresolved last session by the Legislature, short-term rental ordinances have become an issue for the courts.
    From the state house to the courthouse

    More than a dozen Texas cities have some sort of ordinance regulating short-term rental policies, according to a list compiled by the Texas Municipal League. Among the most prominent are Galveston and Fort Worth; San Antonio is bickering over its own. They range widely in scope and severity: Some regulate the number of people who can stay in a short-term rental and what activities they may do while there, while others require little more than a licensing permit.

    The rental services allow people to offer up houses or apartments to travelers for short-term stays. Some landlords are city residents just hoping to make some money off their spare bedrooms. But investors are also known to buy homes for the sole purpose of renting them on AirBnB or HomeAway.

    As short-term rentals grew more popular, cities began to worry that their quiet residential neighborhoods would be overrun with thrill-seeking vacationers or that the investment properties would drive up the cost of housing. Local officials say that short-term renters too often create disruptive party environments that agitate nearby families. But critics of the local regulations say there are already laws in place to regulate that kind of public nuisance.

    Austin’s ordinance, which aims to phase out certain types of short-term rentals entirely and limits how many can exist in any particular area, is one of the state’s oldest and strictest — and it’s situated, of course, in a red state’s blue capital city, making it the perfect backdrop for a familiar fight.

    Rob Henneke, the TPPF lawyer representing the Zaataris, says Austin’s ordinance violates fundamental rights like equal protection — why should short-term renters be treated any different from long-term renters? — and property rights — why should owners be kept from leasing their homes however they choose?

    “It is a fundamental right to lease your property,” Henneke said. “It makes no sense — and is inconsistent with that — to try to bracket that right in some way.”

    The city counters that it has the right to regulate commercial activity within its boundaries and that its ordinance is important for city planning purposes. The ordinance addresses critical issues in the city like rising real estate prices and noise complaints from obnoxious “party houses,” said Austin City Council member Kathie Tovo.

    Beyond the question of whether short-term rentals should be regulated is the question of who should regulate them. For Tovo, it recalls the recent fight over Uber and Lyft, which ended when the Legislature overturned Austin’s safety regulations for the ride-hailing apps. City officials sit closer to their constituents, she said, so they are better positioned to write rules that benefit their communities.

    “It is an example of what we regard as state overreach," she said. “And those of us on the ground who represent our communities are in the best position to know what ordinance and regulations are responses to their needs.”

    Henneke, meanwhile, advocates for uniformity statewide — if there are to be restrictions at all.

    “If short-term rentals are going to be regulated, it should be at the state level to ensure statewide consistency and to protect property owners from a patchwork quilt of overly burdensome regulations at the local level,” Henneke said.

    The current fight, said Texas Municipal League Executive Director Bennett Sandlin, fits into a disturbing pattern of state lawmakers trying to consolidate power at the Capitol by taking it away from the cities.

    “It’s absolutely a recent … concerted effort to say that — the allegation that cities are against liberty, and you should have the liberty to do anything you want to do with your house including turn it into a party barn,” he said. “We support liberty but we also support liberty of the neighbors to keep their property values up and keep their yards free of beer cans.”

    The Legislature did try to tackle the short-term issue last year. The effort that went furthest was a bill by state Sen. Kelly Hancock, R-North Richland Hills, that passed the upper chamber but died in the House in the waning days of the regular session. A similar bill championed by state Rep. Tan Parker, R-Flower Mound, never even got a committee vote. Neither Hancock nor Parker returned requests for comment.

    Those measures struggled to find sufficient support even in a session rife with local control issues. All told, by the end of August, the 85th Legislature had passed state laws overriding city rule on issues ranging from tree maintenance to ride-hailing regulations. Gov. Greg Abbott, a Republican, even expressed support for a “broad-based law” to pre-empt local regulations, but no such bill passed.

    Short-term rental ordinances, some say, share all the hallmarks of the memorable fight over ride-hailing companies like Uber and Lyft. A new technology platform makes an age-old practice simpler; a liberal-leaning city council moves to regulate it. Eventually, the state steps in and opposes that local ordinance to protect “freedom and free enterprise.”

    But while local control battles have raged in Texas since Abbott took office decrying a “patchwork of local regulations,” they have mostly been fought on the floors of the Legislature. (One notable exception is an ongoing legal fight over the city of Laredo’s ban on plastic bags, a case the Texas Supreme Court is expected to resolve in the next few months.) This court fight is a comparatively new playbook for opponents of local control.

    “Opponents of local government are happy to challenge these ordinances either in the state House or in the courthouse,” Sandlin said. “They will absolutely take any avenue they can to go after it.”
    “Business” or “residential”?

    The Zaatari case isn’t the only lawsuit that has challenged a local short-term rental ordinance, but it is the most prominent. A Houston appeals court ruled in 2015 that in certain circumstances short-term rental ordinances can violate property rights; in Travis County, another pending case asks whether Austin’s ordinance is unconstitutionally vague.

    “Part of it seems to be that local government takes unusual positions when suddenly the internet becomes involved. ... Here in Austin, it’s been documented that short-term rentals have been an encouraged practice for over 100 years, and yet suddenly when the internet provides a way of efficiently connecting buyer and seller, everybody just has to go crazy and adopt a bunch of rules,” Henneke said. “I think it’s a need for control and a need for regulation for the sake of regulation.”

    In the meantime, the issue is being litigated on other fronts.

    A Texas Supreme Court case argued in February asks whether, for the purposes of homeowners’ associations’ hyperlocal deed restrictions, short-term rentals should be considered primarily “business” or “residential.” That case won’t have direct legal bearing on local ordinances, but the fact that it’s ascended to the state’s highest civil court signals that the issue is set for a legal reckoning.

    About a decade after the industry grew popular, “a lot of issues are coming to a head,” said Patrick Sutton, a lawyer arguing that Texas Supreme Court case and many other short-term rental lawsuits.

    Short-term rental companies like HomeAway say they agree that their industry should be regulated — they say they’re eager, in fact, to collaborate on regulations. But many involved in the issue think those restrictions are best established democratically.

    “Sharing presents a new set of public policy challenges,” Sutton said. “What upsets me is that these issues should be worked out politically. They should be worked out in the state house, and they should be worked out in the voting hall at subdivisions… But that didn’t happen.”

    Disclosure: The Texas Public Policy Foundation, HomeAway, the Texas Municipal League, Uber and Lyft have been financial supporters of The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan news organization that is funded in part by donations from members, foundations and corporate sponsors. Financial supporters play no role in the Tribune’s journalism.

    #Airbnb #tourisme #logement #USA #Texas #Austin


  • Airbnb passe à l’offensive pour faire plier Berlin, Barcelone et Paris
    https://www.bastamag.net/Airbnb-passe-a-l-offensive-pour-faire-plier-Berlin-Barcelone-et-Paris

    Face à l’expansion brutale de la location touristique, qui rend indisponible des milliers de logements pour les habitants, les métropoles européennes mettent en place des réglementations de plus en plus strictes. Airbnb les combat activement au niveau local et attaque les villes en justice. La firme fait désormais pression sur la Commission européenne pour que Bruxelles empêche les élus parisiens, berlinois ou barcelonais de réguler ce secteur. Qui, de la multinationale ou des grandes collectivités (...)

    #Airbnb #domination #procès #lobbying


  • AirBnB « est une machine à sous. C’est magique : on est rémunéré pour partir en vacances »

    Article intéressant, mais assez complaisant, dans le #Financial_Times (site payant)

    ‘It’s a cash machine. It’s magical. You are paid to go on holiday’
    https://www.ft.com/content/bdcc490e-5f2f-11e8-ad91-e01af256df68
    https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fd309e4e4-646a-11e8-90c2-9563a0613e56?s

    “Airbnb changed our lives,” says Julien Karyofyllidis (who goes by the name of Karyo). The entrepreneur lives with his wife and three children in the Marais, one of Paris’s most picturesque neighbourhoods. He has spent the past few years starting his company. While he waited for the money to flow, renting out his flat on Airbnb made everything else possible. When the first Airbnb payment appears in your bank account, he grins, “you see it’s a cash machine. It’s magical. You are paid to go on holiday!” He made €18,000 last year (about €250 per rental night) from the platform. Some of his friends are jealous. Others have become Airbnb hosts themselves. “Suddenly you notice that they have a bit of financial space, they’re more relaxed. There are people who are saved by it,” he says.

    But there are also people who are damaged by it....

    #AirBnB #FT #logement #housing #tourisme #tourism #économie_du_partage #sharing_economy #Paris


  • From (urban) commons to commoning: political practices and horizons in the Mediterranean context

    Dai Commons al Commoning (urbano): Pratiche e Orizzonti Politici Nel Contesto Mediterraneo. Introduzione al numero speciale
    Cesare Di Feliciantonio, Silvia Aru
    258-268

    Lottare Per La Casa Nel Quartiere Che Cambia Volto. Il Potenziale Politico Dei Commons Urbani
    Nico Bazzoli
    269-291
    #quartiers #communs_urbains

    Cultura bene comune? Strategie di resistenza e riappropriazione dal basso in una città mediterranea
    Luca Ruggiero, Teresa Graziano
    292-324
    #culture #Méditerranée

    Undoing Commons. Diritto Alla Città, Attivismo Culturale e Pratiche di (Un-)Commoning nel Sud d’Italia
    Chiara Giubilaro
    325-347
    #droit_à_la_ville #Italie #Italie_du_Sud

    Spazi comuni nell’Atene della crisi: il commoning urbano come processo creativo
    Marco Volpini, Emanuele Frixa
    348-375
    #Athènes #création #créativité

    The Newcomers’ Right to the Common Space: The case of Athens during the refugee crisis
    Charalampos Tsavdaroglou
    376-401
    #réfugiés #migrations #asile

    Da vuoto urbano a verde pubblico: un caso di commoning a #Partinico (Palermo)
    Giulia de Spuches, Marco Picone, Noemi Granà
    402-426
    #Palerme #Sicile

    “Essere Nel Giusto”: Orizzonti Di Lotta E Pratiche Di Commoning In Due Esperienze Di Occupazione A Cagliari
    Silvia Aru
    427-453
    #Cagliari #Sardaigne

    L’amore alla guida degli spazi di messa in comune?
    Cesare Di Feliciantonio
    454-479

    Estrattivismo contro il comune. Venezia e l’economia turistica
    Giacomo-Maria Salerno
    480-505
    #extractivisme #Venise #tourisme

    Tessere il Comune. Autogestione del lavoro e pratiche socio-spaziali nelle economie popolari urbane a #Buenos_Aires
    Alioscia Castronovo

    #autogestion #économie_populaire


    https://www.acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/issue/view/109
    #commons #les_communs #communs #urban_matter #villes #géographie_urbaine #revue


  • Le touriste, un « colon en puissance » ?

    Étudiant l’essor du #tourisme dans l’#Algérie coloniale, #Colette_Zytnicki montre que les #hôtels, les #stations_balnéaires et les #parcs_nationaux renforcent matériellement et psychologiquement la présence française. La #patrimonialisation du territoire est une autre manière de se l’approprier.


    http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Le-touriste-un-colon-en-puissance.html
    #appropriation #colonisation #colonialisme #livre #histoire



  • Kangaroo attacks on tourists prompt warnings to stop feeding them junk food | Australia news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/may/02/kangaroo-attacks-on-tourists-prompt-warnings-to-stop-feeding-them-junk-

    The attacks have occurred while tourists attempt to feed the native animals inappropriate food such as carrots and corn chips, and even McDonald’s takeaway, tourist operators in the area say.

    #auto_défense #alimentation :)


  • Amsterdam veut réguler le flux de touristes AFP - 17 Mai 2018 - Le Devoir
    https://www.ledevoir.com/vivre/voyage/528044/amsterdam-veut-reguler-le-flux-de-touristes

    La Haye — La ville d’Amsterdam veut réguler le flux de touristes qui envahit ses rues, notamment par la limitation des possibilités d’hébergement et la hausse des taxes, selon un plan de la nouvelle majorité.

    Quelque 18 millions de personnes visitent chaque année la capitale, soit davantage que la population de l’ensemble des Pays-Bas, envahissant les rues pittoresques de la ville et ses canaux. Le tourisme apporte son lot d’incivilités et de détritus, suscitant une lassitude parmi les habitants.


    Un plan visant à « chercher un nouvel équilibre » a été établi par la nouvelle coalition municipale, dont l’AFP a obtenu copie jeudi.

    « Le #tourisme fait partie de la culture internationale d’Amsterdam, que nous devons continuer de chérir », lit-on dans ce plan.

    Mais « les #nuisances, l’affluence et les détritus placent certains quartiers sous une pression extrême », ajoute le document.

    #Amsterdam est avant tout « une ville pour y vivre et pour y travailler », souligne le document, ajoutant que l’activité touristique ne vient « qu’en seconde position ».

    À partir de 2019, les taxes de séjour vont être relevées et la #ville va chercher des moyens de limiter le nombre de chambres d’hôtel.

    La location d’appartements de court séjour pourrait être interdite dans certains quartiers et le projet d’un nouveau terminal pour de grands navires de croisière devrait être revu.

    La ville a déjà annoncé en janvier qu’elle limiterait à 30 jours la location de logements par des sites Internet comme #Airbnb à partir de l’année prochaine.


  • The carbon footprint of tourism revealed (it’s bigger than we thought)
    http://theconversation.com/the-carbon-footprint-of-tourism-revealed-its-bigger-than-we-thought

    The carbon footprint of tourism is about four times larger than previously thought, according to a world-first study published today in Nature Climate Change.

    Researchers from the University of Sydney, University of Queensland and National Cheng Kung University – including ourselves – worked together to assess the entire supply chain of tourism. This includes transportation, accommodation, food and beverages, souvenirs, clothing, cosmetics and other goods.

    Put together, global tourism produces about 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions, much more than previous estimates.

    #climat #tourisme #co2


  • Les Cafés Géo » Tourisme et développement dans les pays du sud : les illusions du modèle communautaire

    http://cafe-geo.net/tourisme-et-developpement-dans-les-pays-du-sud-les-illusions-du-modele-com

    Bernard Schéou, enseignant-chercheur, IAE, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia

    Après un doctorat en économie et des études de philosophie, Bernard Schéou travaille depuis une vingtaine d’années sur le tourisme communautaire. Au-delà de la recherche, il s’implique sur le terrain via des associations de tourisme équitable et communautaire. Ainsi, en conciliant à la fois la théorique avec la recherche et la pratique avec son engagement associatif, il acquiert une certaine légitimité qui lui permet, grâce à une distanciation et une position critique délicate, de se questionner sur le bien-fondé des objectifs, chemins et résultats du tourisme équitable.

    Le travail de recherche a été fait en collaboration avec Alain GIRARD qui n’est pas présent.

    Retrouvez également la présentation et les références accompagnant ce café géographique, au format PDF (1727ko) : Présentation CG Montpellier.pdf

    Questionnement

    Tout d’abord, il faut refuser la dichotomie simpliste entre un « bon #tourisme » et un « mauvais tourisme » : opposer un #tourisme_communautaire porteur de #développement économique, culturel et social pour les populations locales et un tourisme de masse malfaisant n’est pas le but de cette intervention.

    Pourquoi le tourisme communautaire ?


  • TripAdvisor : The New Bully on the Travel Information Block ? – Rick Steves’ Travel Blog
    https://blog.ricksteves.com/blog/tripadvisor-the-new-bully-on-the-travel-information-block


    Voici une petite collection d’articles qui montrent pourqoui tu perds quand tu construis ton modèle d’affaires sur les offres gratuites des grandes plateformes. J’ai essayé de comprendre pourquoi d’un jour à l’autre un guide berlinois n’a plus de clients. C’est Tripadvisor qui lui a supprimé les infos nécessaires pour le contacter. Je viens de découvrir que cette plateforme pratique depuis l’an 2000 les choses auquelles il faut s’attendre si on utlise les services d’Alphabet, d’Uber, d’Airbnb et d’Amazon.

    I find more and more small hotels offering a free breakfast to people who promise to write kindly about them on TripAdvisor. Conversely, several hoteliers have told me that occasionally guests threaten them with a bad review unless the hotel gives them a deep discount.

    How does Airbnb detect and hide email addresses and websites in messages ? - Quora
    https://www.quora.com/How-does-Airbnb-detect-and-hide-email-addresses-and-websites-in-messages


    Wer’e only in it for the money - ou comment transformer les expressions régulières en arme contre les PMU

    They are using regular expressions mainly.

    If you are a power user on Airbnb, you must have been approached by users who want you to contact them directly. The community has been coming with very creative solutions to circumvent that kind of problem, solutions that are very hard to catch with a RegExp.
    For example:
    john d o t smith at thebiggestsearchengineintheworld d o t c o m
    + one hello $3 hello $4 hello $7 hello (you get it)
    If have seen that type of approach times and times over.

    TripAdvisor accused of deleting reviews with rape, assault - Business Insider Deutschland
    https://www.businessinsider.de/tripadvisor-rape-assault-reviews-deleted-report-2017-11?r=US&IR=T
    Ce sont les hôtels qui paient, alors il ne faut pas nuire à leur réputation.

    What You Don’t Know About TripAdvisor – Choking on a Macaron – Medium
    https://medium.com/choking-on-a-macaron/what-you-don-t-know-about-tripadvisor-15d31d745bdc
    Cette étatsuniennen propose des visites guidées de Paris. Elle explique l’essentiel.

    What Every Travelers Needs to Know about TripAdvisor

    1. Created in 2000, TripAdvisor built its brand on the trademark “World’s most trusted travel site”. But after countless lawsuits in multiple countries, by 2013 TripAdvisor quietly removed the words “trusted” as well “honest” from all of its website marketing (now it’s just the “World’s largest travel site”).

    2. An entire industry of “reputation management” companies exists which businesses can hire to create highly believable fake reviews, “fix” their reputation if they’ve received bad reviews, or sabotage their competitors. To prove how easy this is, an Italian magazine got a fake restaurant that doesn’t even exist to #1 in the restaurant ratings.

    3. Even when reviews are posted by honest travelers, there are many good reasons why these are still completely useless to the average traveler when trying to plan a trip (and how spending hours trying to decipher them is a waste of precious time).

    4. Hotels which opt to pay for TripAdvisor’s hefty “Business Listing” package get preferential treatment, increased visibility and “access to traffic”, no matter their reviews, rankings and ratings by travelers.

    5. Hotels can’t ask for their listing to be removed, but unless they pay for the pricey Business Listing subscription TripAdvisor removes the hotel’s contact information (phone number and website) from the listing (so users have to go on Google to find their phone and website).

    6. Hotels, restaurants and other small businesses can lose a significant part of their business if they receive fake negative reviews or get red-flagged by TripAdvisor for “suspicious activity”, yet they often have no recourse except to take the website to court, and many simply don’t have the financial resources to do so.

    7. TripAdvisor prominently positions the tours and activities which can be booked through Viator, a company it bought in 2014, at the top and center of their pages. These companies listed on Viator pay 20–30% commissions. So TripAdvisor is blatantly promoting their own companies’ business listings above companies which are independent, even if the latter have better reviews and ratings by the anonymous users.

    8. TripAdvisor encourages travelers to book directly through its own website booking system, but takes zero responsibility for any issues with the service booked when travelers experience problems (ie overcharged on their credit card, show up with a booking confirmation but the hotel has no record, etc). This is compounded when booking through TripAdvisor for tours, because they then go through Viator’s system instead of directly to the actual tour company.

    Le musellement des clients fait peur. Je ne réserverai jamais quoi que ce soit par une de ces plateformes.

    Hotelbewertung auf Tripadvisor : Gammelhotel verlangt Strafgebühr von Gästen | STERN.de
    https://www.stern.de/reise/europa/hotelbewertung-auf-tripadvisor--gammelhotel-verlangt-strafgebuehr-von-gaesten-

    Ein britisches Ehepaar bezeichnete ein Hotel als „heruntergekommene und stinkende Bruchbude“. Der Hotelier reagierte prompt: Er belastete ihre Kreditkarte mit dem Dreifachen des Zimmerpreises.

    Voici quelques billets d’utilisateurs désespérés.

    Were website links/phones numbers removed from listings ? - TripAdvisor Support Message Board
    https://www.tripadvisor.co.za/ShowTopic-g1-i12105-k11392052-Were_website_links_phones_numbers_remov

    CPD212, 24 Mar 2018, 13:00

    Guys hi,
    Yesterday i’ve noticed that website link and phone # are missing from our listing.
    I’ve checked other things to do listings and none have website link and phone # listed.
    Did TA removed them?
    Not sure if it’s IP specific, but we are in USA, NYC.

    My email, website and contact details are missing from my TA - TripAdvisor Support Message Board
    https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/ShowTopic-g1-i12105-k11413010-My_email_website_and_contact_details_ar

    Adrian R, 30 Mar 2018, 18:21

    I have been a member of TA for over 5 years and have taken a lot of time to gather reviews from satisfied clients for my London taxi tours. I am now very frustrated that my contact details have been deleted from my page. When I phoned TA, I was told they were updating their algorithms and the information would be put back afterwards. It is now over a week and still the information is missing. If clients click on ’improve this listing’ details are there, but not all people would know that. I have lost a considerable number of bookings because clients do not know how to contact me. I notice it is not just my details missing but other tours in London also. Also, TA have changed the listings and how they rate them. Although my listing has gone up, there are some that have far less reviews and are literally a couple of slots back from mine? I am not sure what TA are doing but can someone throw any more light on the situation and perhaps if TA read this they can reassure owners that this is a temporary ’blip’.

    Why has TripAdvisor removed all our website links ? - TripAdvisor Support Forum
    https://www.tripadvisor.co.nz/ShowTopic-g1-i12105-k11418402-Why_has_TripAdvisor_removed_all_our_web

    Luke C, 2 Apr 2018, 4:32 AM

    TripAdvisor has recently removed all the website links and contact info from all of my listings of which we have 7 different attractions. Does anyone have any ideas about why they might have suddenly done this? They haven’t emailed in regards to the removal. Thanks!

    Il y en a qui disent byebye à Tripadvisor parce qu’ils peuvent se le permettre.

    Und Tschüss TripAdvisor… › Bundeskater und Bundeskatze stromern herum
    http://blog.gierth.name/blog/2014/09/24/und-tschuess-tripadvisor

    Habe ich mich doch endlich mal aufgerafft eine positive Bewertung auf TripAdvisor zu schreiben. Es ging dabei um Dolphin Pacific Diving aus Vava’u, mit denen wir bei den Walen waren.

    Der Beitrag ist nie veröffentlicht worden und war plötzlich aus meinem Profil verschwunden. Verwundert hab ich dann an Tripadvisor geschrieben und folgende Antwort erhalten:

    “Hallo,

    vielen Dank, dass Sie sich mit TripAdvisor in Verbindung gesetzt haben.

    Ihre Bewertung wurde aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach von unseren automatischen Filtern abgefangen. Diese Filter fangen Beiträge ab, die verdächtig erscheinen. Leider können wir keine Einzelheiten zu den Gründen für die Entfernung angeben und können Ihren Beitrag nicht veröffentlichen.

    Wir legen jedoch großen Wert darauf, dass andere Reisende Ihre Meinung erfahren. Aus diesem Grund möchten wir Sie darum bitten, Ihren Beitrag erneut zur Veröffentlichung auf unserer Seite einzusenden. Wir möchten Sie an dieser Stelle auch auf unsere Richtlinien für Reisebewertungen hinweisen: http://www.tripadvisor.de/pages/userrev_rules.html

    Wir entschuldigen uns für den Umstand und hoffen, dass Sie unser Bemühen, ausschließlich objektive und unvoreingenommene Informationen zu veröffentlichen, zu schätzen wissen.

    Mit freundlichem Gruß,

    Name entfernt”

    Ich liebe es, wenn im Hintergrund Algorithmen werkeln und Meinungen zensieren aber das Unternehmen nicht damit rausrücken will, warum der Bericht abgelehnt wurde. Ich für mich habe damit beschlossen, dass TripAdvisor für mich gestorben ist. Wer sich hinter ungenannten Algorithmen versteckt, dem trau ich nicht. Denn ich weiß nicht, wie viele wirklich relevante Bewertungen so von irgendwelcher Software einfach einbehalten wurden – und die Schreiber nichts davon wissen.

    Außerdem ist mir meine Zeit zu kostbar um gegen ein Script anzuschreiben was meine Art der Meinungsäußerung nicht mag. Ich möchte authentische Meinungen lesen und keine weichgespülte Langeweile, die sich hinter sogenannter Objektivität versteckt.

    Tschüss TripAdvisor…

    Conclusion - si tu veux jouer avec les grands, tu vas prendre des coups tant que tu n’a pas encore leur taille.

    Social Media ads are a bad deal for small businesses and individuals / Boing Boing
    https://boingboing.net/2018/04/30/social-media-ads-are-a-bad-dea.html

    #platform-capitalisme #tourisme #Berlin #Paris #visites_guidées



  • Nuits et montagnes

    Luc Gwiazdzinski et Will Straw
    Nuits et montagnes. Premières explorations d’une double frontière [Texte intégral]
    Nights and Mountains. Preliminary Explorations of a Double Frontier [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Bruno Charlier
    « Vous connaissez les #Pyrénées le jour, découvrez-les la nuit... ». Réflexions autour de l’artialisation in visu des paysages célestes nocturnes pyrénéens [Texte intégral]
    “You Know the Pyrenees by Day - Come See Them by Night...” Reflections on in visu Artialisation of Nocturnal Skyscapes in the Pyrenees [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Roberto Dini et Stefano Girodo
    Rifugiarsi nella notte. Il ruolo dell’architettura nel processo di conoscenza dell’alta quota [Texte intégral]
    Shelters in the Night. The Role of #Architecture in the Process of Understanding High-Altitude Areas [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Vincent Grèzes, Rafael Matos-Wasem et Sandra Grèzes
    Co-création de valeurs partagées pour redynamiser une région de montagne à travers le #tourisme_nocturne : étude de cas en #Suisse romande [Texte intégral]
    Co-creation of Shared Values in the Aim of Reinvigorating a Mountain Region Through Night Tourism: Case Study in French-speaking Switzerland [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Samuel Challéat, Dany Lapostolle et Johan Milian
    L’#environnement_nocturne dans les territoires de montagne français, ressource et opérateur de transition vers la #durabilité [Texte intégral]
    The Night-time Environment in French Mountain Areas. A Resource and a Transition Operator Towards Sustainability [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Wei Xiang et Philippe Bachimon
    La mise en scène nocturne de la montagne en #Chine. Enquêtes sur le spectacle son et lumière Impressions de #Liusanjie (Guilin, Province du #Guangxi) [Texte intégral]
    The Chinese Mountains as a Night-time Stage: a Study of the Sound and Light Show Impressions of Liu Sanjie (Guilin, Guangxi Region) [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Jean-Baptiste Bing
    Nuit javanaise. Réflexions sur le #Merapi, la #verticalité et le #paganisme [Texte intégral]
    Night-time in Java. Thoughts on Merapi, Verticality and Paganism [Texte intégral | traduction]
    Christophe Baticle et Philippe Hanus
    Les nuits contestataires des néo-charbonniers du #Vercors : un chronotope forestier au service d’une #hétérotopie [Texte intégral]
    The Dissenting Nights of the Neo-Wood Colliers of the Vercors: A Forest Chronotope for a Heterotopia [Texte intégral | traduction]

    https://journals.openedition.org/rga/3871
    #Java

    #revue #nuit #montagne #Alpes


  • Saudi Arabia Eyes Up Canal Border Idea, Turning #Qatar From A Peninsula Into An Island
    https://www.forbes.com/sites/dominicdudley/2018/04/06/saudi-canal-qatar-island

    A proposal to dig a canal along the length of the Saudi-Qatari border has emerged, in the latest surprising twist in the ongoing diplomatic and economic standoff between the two countries.
    […]
    The canal will be dug 1km inland from the Saudi-Qatar border, with the zone between the new waterway and the frontier likely to be reserved for military and security use. It is not clear what access – if any –will be given to Bedouin tribes that have historically traversed the area.

    Given the doubtful commercial benefits of the project, it is the security aspect which may prove of most interest to Riyadh if it does give the green light to the canal.

    The Qatar-Saudi border has been the scene of violent clashes in the past, including an incident in 1992 when three people died. The two countries only finalised the demarcation of their border in 2001. In December last year, Saudi Arabia said it had permanently closed the only official border crossing with Qatar, at Salwa. Both countries have been spending huge amounts on military equipment in an ongoing regional arms race.

    The reports suggest the canal will be 60km in length, although in reality it will have to be longer than that – 60km is roughly the distance as the crow flies from coast to coast across the isthmus, but the border travels in an arc and it is more like 70km from Salwa on the northern side of the peninsula to the ‘inland sea’ on the south – from where there is a shared channel out to the waters of the Gulf.

    If the canal project does get the nod from officials, Saudi media reports say it could be completed within 12 months. On the surface that looks to be a tight schedule. The most recent major canal project in the region – a second, 72km-long lane of the Suez Canal – took around 12 months to develop, between August 2014 and August 2015. However, only around half of that distance involved digging a new channel, the rest involved expanding and deepening an existing path.

    #Salwa_canal


  • Kruger’s contested borderlands. Are #eco-cocoons the solution to poaching ?

    #Buffer_zones along the border of #Kruger_National_Park target wildlife poaching. Displaced communities say it’s a land grab by rich foreigners aided by corrupt politicians. Estacio Valoi investigates.

    About 2,000 families have been resettled in eight villages in the Eduardo Mondlane neighbourhood of Massingir, according to Anastácio Matável, executive director of the Forum of Non-governmental Organisations of Gaza (FONGA). Five communities, comprising 13,300 families, are still living inside the park and are awaiting resettlement.

    Matável described the resettlement as “a failed process. First 18 houses were built, then 50 houses. Then the local government tried to finance the project through the National Disaster Management Institute, but it failed.

    “There was no more money and the buildings were rejected by the communities. They also failed to take into consideration cultural aspects such as who should live together. Numbers of women and children all live one small hut.”


    https://pulitzercenter.storylab.africa/dominion
    #Mozambique #Afrique_du_sud #parc_national #frontières #rhinos #rhinocéros #zones_tampons #terres #accaparement_de_terres #écologie (les dérives de l’écologie) #géographie_culturelle (notamment pour ce qui est en lien avec la #représentation de la #nature, par exemple) #corruption #Cubo #Adolof_Bila #néo-colonialisme #Limpopo_National_Park #expulsion #tourisme #business #conservation_de_la_nature #braconnage #murs #barrières_frontalières #Nkanhine #riches #richesse #inégalités #écotourisme #twin_city #Twin_City_Development #Massingir #African_Wildlife_Foundation #Balule_Lodge #Zimbabwe #Gonarezhou_National_Park #canne_à_sucre #ProCana #industrie_du_sucre #éthanol #énergie #Bioenergy #Sable_Mining #Massingir_Agro_Industrial #eau #irrigation #Xonghile_Game_Park #Karangani_Game_Reserve #Singita #Luke_Bailes
    #Bedari_Foundation #Mangondzo_reserve #réserve_naturelle #Masintonto_Eco-Turismo #Sabie_Game_Park
    signalé par @fil sur twitter