• Covid-19 in China: Shenzhen, Beijing and Tianjin in Omicron containment race ahead of Lunar New Year and Winter Olympics | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/china/politics/article/3163571/covid-19-china-beijing-and-tianjin-racing-contain-omicron

    Covid-19 in China: Shenzhen, Beijing and Tianjin in Omicron containment race ahead of Lunar New Year and Winter Olympics. The Chinese capital has recorded its first Omicron case, while the neighbouring city has recorded more positives
    The southern Chinese city of Shenzhen reported its first locally transmitted case of the Omicron variant of Covid-19 on Sunday, joining Tianjin and Beijing in battling to bring the strain under control before the Lunar New Year holiday and Winter Olympics. Shenzhen reported two new community cases on Sunday, bringing the city’s total to 17 in this outbreak. The city reported no cases for Saturday.State media reported that a woman from Longgang district handling frozen overseas chemical reagents was confirmed with the Omicron variant. The other case is a Delta infection.
    Across China, 119 cases were reported as of midnight Saturday, of which 65 were locally transmitted, the National Health Commission said on Sunday. Among these cases, 33 were in Tianjin, 29 in Henan province, one in Beijing, one in Guangdong and one in Shaanxi’s provincial capital Xian.
    On Saturday, Beijing reported its first case of Omicron, a woman from Haidian district who reported having a sore throat and fever in the past few days.The woman had not left the city in the previous two weeks and had not been in contact with confirmed cases. Two people living with her tested negative but some environmental samples in her home were positive.
    The local health authorities have tracked her movements over the past two weeks and alerted close contacts. People who have visited the same public places as her were told to get tested. Covid outbreaks loom over world’s biggest human migration as China braces for Lunar New Year rush
    Chen also said she has given up any hope of travelling home to the eastern province of Anhui, some 1,000km (600 miles) from the capital, for the holidays, especially with the Winter Olympics opening in a few weeks.
    A series of preventive measures have been put in place for the Games, which will be held inside an isolation bubble. On Saturday, Xu Hejian, a spokesman for the Beijing municipal government, said that all departments had to ensure the safety of the capital and the Olympics.Meanwhile, Vice-Premier Liu He warned of growing uncertainty surrounding the capital’s pandemic controls during the holidays and Winter Games, and called on officials to strengthen their contingency plans.Tianjin, a major port city to the east of the capital, is still battling to contain its outbreak but the NHC said the risk of it spreading to other cities was falling. Tianjin’s most recent cases have been detected in locked down parts of the city.
    On Saturday, Shenzhen reported zero new local cases, raising hopes that the outbreak will be over by Lunar New Year on February 1. But the newly reported cases on Sunday are expected to cast shadow over those holiday plans.The nearby cities of Zhuhai and Zhongshan are continuing mass screening and have imposed travel restrictions since Omicron was detected in both cities last month. The authorities in Macau have also tightened their border controls in response.The National Development and Reform Commission said on Sunday that local governments should refrain from “simplified” and “one-size-fits-all” Covid-control measures during the upcoming holiday to minimise the impact on people’s lives.The state planner urged governments to allow people in low-risk areas to make short trips and encourage measures to boost consumer spending.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#chine#sante#jeuxolympiques#deplacementinterne#omicron#delta#economie#zerocovid#confinement#tracking#frontiere#controle

  • Sick with Covid-19, Hong Kong students in UK learn that ‘living with the virus’ means nobody cares, rules don’t matter | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/health-environment/article/3163537/sick-covid-19-hong-kong-students-uk-learn-living

    Sick with Covid-19, Hong Kong students in UK learn that ‘living with the virus’ means nobody cares, rules don’t matter
    Hong Kong student Kok Suen-tung was in a holiday state of mind when she felt unwell, tested herself and found out she had Covid-19 last month.
    The final-year social policy student at the University of Bristol cancelled plans to visit friends in London and spent 10 days alone in her flat in the southwestern English city.Although the National Health Service (NHS) had a Volunteer Responders scheme with helpers to check in on isolated individuals and pick up groceries for those in need, Kok gave up trying to get through after multiple attempts.She received messages from the NHS every couple of days reminding her to avoid going out and meeting people, but it was practically impossible to avoid physical contact with others, as delivery drivers refused to leave her food at the door as requested.“They were probably concerned that the food would be stolen, so they made sure to hand it to me directly, even after I’d told them I had the virus,” she said.
    Three Hong Kong students interviewed by the Post said they were shocked by the absence of contact tracing, the loose enforcement of isolation rules and how those who tested positive for the coronavirus were left on their own to stay home, without checks or medicine from the health authorities.
    The UK broke its single-day record earlier this month with more than 200,000 cases and recorded nearly 100,000 infections on Friday, but its strategy of “living with the virus” seeks to avoid curbs on social activities, although masks and vaccination records are required in some venues. According to the NHS, a person with Covid-19 must self-isolate at home for 10 days, starting from the day symptoms first emerged or they tested positive. The isolation period can be cut to seven days if they test negative on days six and seven.Current rules also require those in contact with a Covid-19 patient to self-isolate for 10 days, but those fully vaccinated or unable to be vaccinated for medical reasons are exempted.In many ways, the UK approach to dealing with the pandemic is the polar opposite of Hong Kong’s strict zero-Covid strategy.When he had cold symptoms last November, Wong went to a walk-in test centre near where he lived. He found that he had Covid-19 and had to self-isolate.“I had support from my friends, but support from the government was virtually non-existent – it was like they’d given up,” he said.At his private accommodation in Durham, the staff did not wear masks and residents were left in the dark about Covid-19 cases in the building.The students said they wished the UK did more for those who fell ill.
    Marco Sik Fong-ching, 23, an occupational therapy student at the University of Liverpool, found out he had Covid-19 last October and remained in his flat for 10 days.“It would’ve helped emotionally to know how and where I caught the virus – it would also be helpful to all in terms of curbing the spread,” he said. “The UK’s self-isolation policy is quite meaningless, as people with Covid-19 do leave home to get food.”NHS staff gave him no medication and advised him to take painkillers if he felt unwell.
    Theresa Awolesi, 28, a medical student from London working at a hospital in Bristol, said: “The NHS has been underfunded for years, and staffing is a key issue. Not only is the turnover rate high, many of the staff are ill with Covid.”An average of around 45,000 health care staff were absent daily in the first week of 2022 for Covid-related reasons, according to official data.
    Hong Kong migrants to UK struggle to adapt, many willing to accept lower pay and job changes“The government seems to think we are just going to push through and somehow come out on the other side,” she added.
    Professor David Hui Shu-cheong of Chinese University, a member of the Hong Kong government’s pandemic advisory panel, said the situation in the UK reflected its decision to live with the virus.“Cases are only traced under a zero-Covid strategy, to identify and quarantine the patients’ close contacts. But when a place has decided to live with the virus, they won’t do that,” he said.Little was likely to change even with a surge of infections.“There’s nothing the patient can do, except to inform hospitals when they experience a shortness of breath, which could mean they have pneumonia,” he said.The three Hong Kong students who fell ill told the Post they recovered and were looking forward to returning home over the summer.
    In Bristol, Kok said: “The virus is practically unavoidable here. The community has put in minimal effort to curb another outbreak, because it has been normalised – I don’t think they care.“I can go outside now and I will not see a single person wearing a mask.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#hongkong#sante#etudiant#zercocovid#NHS#tracking#cascontact#quarantaine#vivreavecvirus

  • Etudiants et travailleurs étrangers sont désespérés par la fermeture des frontières du Japon
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2021/12/15/etudiants-et-travailleurs-etrangers-sont-desesperes-par-la-fermeture-des-fro

    Etudiants et travailleurs étrangers sont désespérés par la fermeture des frontières du Japon
    Depuis le 30 novembre et la découverte du variant Omicron, les conditions d’entrée sur le territoire nippon se sont de nouveau durcies.
    La nouvelle fermeture des frontières du Japon, fin novembre, après la découverte du variant Omicron – dont 17 cas étaient recensés lundi 13 décembre –, a désespéré les étudiants et travailleurs étrangers, les familles séparées et les voyageurs internationaux.« Je suis déçu du Japon. L’Omicron est arrivé, il a appuyé sur le bouton panique », déplore un étudiant français désireux de conserver l’anonymat. Inscrit depuis septembre en master d’informatique dans une université publique nippone, il n’a toujours pas pu entrer au Japon. « Je dois suivre les cours en ligne. A cause du décalage horaire, je dois me connecter à 0 h 50 tous les jours. » Il ne sait pas s’il tiendra deux ans comme ça. « J’espère pouvoir partir pour le semestre d’avril. Sinon, j’aviserai », précise-t-il.
    Le Japon avait fermé ses frontières dès le printemps 2020 et avait plus ou moins maintenu cette politique jusqu’en octobre 2021, avec une exception pour les 80 000 personnes venues pour les Jeux olympiques et paralympiques de l’été 2021. Résultat : plus de 200 000 étudiants et travailleurs attendent actuellement leur visa pour venir au Japon. Les brèves périodes d’assouplissement n’ont pas permis de résorber les demandes.
    Lire aussi Article réservé à nos abonnés Entre performances et crise sanitaire, un bilan des Jeux paralympiques contrasté pour le Japon. C’est le cas pour l’assouplissement de novembre, brutalement interrompu le 30 novembre par une limitation des entrées sur le territoire aux Japonais et aux résidents permanents – un drame pour certaines familles. Melek Ortabasi, professeure de littérature japonaise à l’université canadienne Simon Fraser, a pu entrer sur le territoire nippon en octobre pour dix mois de recherche parrainés par la Japan Foundation, mais sans ses enfants. Ces derniers devaient la rejoindre le 23 décembre, ce qui semble impossible au vu des nouvelles mesures.« On me dit qu’ils pourraient me rejoindre en février », explique la chercheuse, qui juge « cruel et décourageant le manque de considération d’un pays auquel [elle a] consacré [sa]carrière ». Très mobilisée sur Twitter, Mme Ortabasi soutient la pétition pour la fin des mesures empêchant les familles de se retrouver, signée près de 9 500 personnes sur Change.org au 15 décembre.
    Quatorzaines ubuesquesAux strictes conditions d’entrée s’ajoutent des règles complexes à l’arrivée dans l’Archipel. Tous les voyageurs doivent avoir un test PCR négatif signé d’un médecin, repasser un test à l’aéroport, puis effectuer une période d’isolement, allant de trois à quatorze jours selon la provenance (trois jours pour la France), dans une chambre d’hôtel – généralement petite, parfois sans fenêtre – réquisitionnée par le gouvernement.Quand les hôtels de Tokyo sont pleins, la situation devient ubuesque. Le 7 décembre, une quarantaine de personnes arrivées de Californie ont ainsi été expédiées à Fukuoka, à deux heures d’avion de la capitale, pour trois jours d’isolement.Ceux qui échappent à cet isolement ou qui ne font que trois jours doivent compléter chez eux leur quatorzaine. Pour regagner leur domicile, comme il est interdit d’emprunter les transports en commun, ils doivent recourir à des taxis spéciaux. Mais « selon l’heure, il est difficile d’en trouver », explique une Japonaise, elle aussi désireuse de conserver l’anonymat. Revenue début décembre des Etats-Unis, elle a dû débourser 25 000 yens (195 euros) pour rentrer chez elle, soit plus de deux fois le prix normal. Ceux qui habitent loin de Tokyo, ne pouvant prendre le train, doivent passer leur quatorzaine à l’hôtel, à leurs frais.Une fois dans la chambre d’hôtel ou à la maison, pas question de resquiller. Chaque voyageur doit avoir téléchargé une application, MySOS, qui passe des appels automatiques de vérification plusieurs fois par jour, à des heures changeantes. « Il faut se filmer trente secondes pour que l’appli vérifie l’identité de la personne. L’usage de la géolocalisation permet de contrôler que l’on n’est pas sorti », ajoute la Japonaise. En cas de manquement, les Japonais voient leur nom et adresse exposés publiquement, selon la technique du « name ans shame ». Pour les étrangers, le risque est la perte du visa et l’expulsion.Ces mesures ne sont pas près d’être levées dans un pays qui ne déplore « que » 1,73 million de cas et 18 400 décès depuis le début de la pandémie. Mais elles interrogent au moment où Tokyo annonce un allégement des procédures d’immigration pour les très riches arrivants en avion privé ou en yacht de luxe.
    La remise en place de ces mesures restrictives est soutenue par 89 % des Japonais, selon un sondage du 5 décembre du quotidien Yomiuri. Le premier ministre, Fumio Kishida, n’oublie pas non plus que les errements de la gestion de la pandémie par ses prédécesseurs, Shinzo Abe (2012-2020) et Yoshihide Suga (2020-2021) sont à l’origine d’une saturation du système hospitalier et ont fait plonger leur taux de soutien, provoquant leur chute.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migrant#japon#pandemie#frontiere#circulation#etudiant#tracking#depistage#etranger#visa#expulsion#famille#travailleuretranger

  • Coronavirus: Hong Kong authorities set to unveil health code system, paving way for mainland China border reopening | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/hong-kong-economy/article/3158032/coronavirus-hong-kong-authorities-set-unveil

    Coronavirus: Hong Kong authorities set to unveil health code system, paving way for mainland China border reopening

    Hong Kong authorities are set to unveil a Covid-19 health code system on Thursday, paving the way for the long-awaited reopening of the city’s border with mainland China later this month, the Post has learned.
    Sources said the government would reveal details of the scheme, which would allow travellers to cross the border to Guangdong province and Macau without needing to undergo quarantine.The development comes after a meeting with mainland officials last week, during which the city was told it had met the “basic requirements” for border reopening, with only a few obstacles remaining, such as a health code app and further tightening of quarantine rules for aircrew.The move will bring the city more in line with mainland travel rules, but Hong Kong’s health code system is not expected to have a movement-tracking function, unlike the version across the border because of residents’ privacy concerns. A source said testing earlier this week of conversions of the Hong Kong health code to the Guangdong and Macau versions – needed when travellers cross from one jurisdiction to another – had been “very successful”, and a dry run of border openings had also been conducted and went smoothly.Francis Fong Po-kiu, honorary president of the Hong Kong Information Technology Federation, said he had learned from government and industry sources that authorities would not require all residents to integrate the existing “Leave Home Safe” risk-exposure app with the one for health codes, only travellers to the mainland would have to do so.
    To generate a health code, users will have to provide their real name and home address, as well as upload their vaccination record and Covid-19 test results.Users will have to export their visit records from the Leave Home Safe app over the past 21 days into a file, which will then be uploaded to the website. A self-filled health declaration form will also be needed.
    Once all the information is uploaded to the webpage, it will generate a colour-coded QR code, and the data will be sent to relevant government departments. The code will be scanned by border officers for those who need to travel to the mainland.Fong said he believed the Hong Kong version of the health code would not have real-time global positioning system (GPS) tracking because of technical limitations.The mainland version can store users’ travel history and generate a colour-coded warning system based on exposure risks to Covid-19 patients.Another component is the “itinerary code”, which tracks a user’s whereabouts using mobile phone signal data. This code makes use of data from three major telecoms companies on the mainland – China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile.It can show which countries or mainland cities a user has visited in the past 14 days. The code also captures the user’s movements with precision and stores the information for use by the authorities.
    But a code scheme has proved a controversial issue in Hong Kong, especially if it carries a movement-tracking function, over privacy concerns. The Leave Home Safe app, launched over a year ago last November, is a Covid-19 exposure notification device that allows users to scan QR codes outside buildings before entry and has since been made mandatory at government premises.Neighbouring Macau has its own health code system for border-crossing arrangements with Guangdong province and is regarded as a model for Hong Kong.Macau’s code does not have a tracking function, but generates coloured QR codes which indicate a person’s risk level based on their health status, possible contact with Covid-19 patients and travel history. The QR code, updated daily, is required to be displayed when people enter large public venues.It also allows users with negative test results to switch over to Guangdong’s health code system when they cross the border, but the two apps are not directly linked.Last Saturday, Macau launched a bus pass scheme that required passengers to register with their names to tap contactless stored-value cards when boarding a bus. Officials said the scheme could allow better Covid-19 contact tracing, and as of 10am on Tuesday, more than 165,000 people had registered online. It is uncertain this higher standard of tracing in Macau will increase pressure for Hong Kong to follow suit.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#chine#macau#hongkong#sante#QRcode#tracking#droit

  • Comment les éditeurs se moquent de la #CNIL | Pixel de #tracking
    https://www.pixeldetracking.com/fr/comment-les-editeurs-se-moquent-de-la-cnil

    En application de la directive #ePrivacy, les internautes doivent être informés et donner leur consentement préalablement au dépôt et à la lecture des #traceurs « non essentiels ». Depuis l’entrée en vigueur du #RGPD il y a déjà 3 ans, les exigences en matière de validité du consentement ont été renforcées.

    Le 1er octobre 2020, la CNIL a publié des lignes directrices modificatives et sa recommandation sur les cookies et autres traceurs. Elle a également accordé 6 mois aux éditeurs pour se conformer aux règles.

    Comme nous avions pu le voir sur ce blog, les anciennes lignes directrices, pourtant laxistes, n’étaient déjà pas respectées. Voici quelques articles pour illustrer l’impunité :
    « Le recueil du consentement sur internet : un mensonge généralisé ».
    « Le Figaro, emblème du tracking publicitaire invasif des sites médias français ».
    « La grande braderie de vos données personnelles sur Le Bon Coin ».

    Qu’en est-il des nouvelles lignes directrices ?

  • Covid-19 : « Le recours temporaire à un passe sanitaire est nécessaire si nous voulons une sortie de crise durable »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2021/06/01/covid-19-le-recours-temporaire-a-un-passe-sanitaire-est-necessaire-si-nous-v

    Covid-19 : « Le recours temporaire à un passe sanitaire est nécessaire si nous voulons une sortie de crise durable » La généralisation du passe serait la meilleure manière de concilier la prudence sanitaire, la reprise économique et le retour des interactions sociales, expliquent les économistes Philippe Aghion, Philippe Martin, Bary Pradelski, et le mathématicien Miquel Oliu-Barton, dans une tribune au « Monde ».
    Depuis un mois, la situation sanitaire s’améliore nettement : sommes-nous pour autant tirés d’affaire ? Le non-respect des mesures de protection et de distanciation (dû à une lassitude croissante), un ralentissement de la vaccination (dû à une hésitation vaccinale encore élevée, notamment chez les jeunes) ou la prolifération de variants très contagieux (comme le variant indien) font que le risque d’un rebond épidémique, par exemple après l’été, ne peut pas être écarté. Quelle stratégie adopter dans ce cas-là ? Faudra-t-il à nouveau tout refermer ? A plus court terme, comment gérer la réouverture des lieux à plus haut risque de transmission ? Ces questions ne peuvent pas être éludées et pour y répondre, les dimensions sanitaire, économique et psychologique (l’importance du retour des socialisations, en particulier pour les jeunes) doivent être prises en compte. Nous considérons que le passe sanitaire est un élément indispensable d’une stratégie contingente permettant d’ouvrir plus rapidement certaines activités et d’éviter le retour du « stop and go » et l’incertitude qui en résulte.
    Son utilisation temporaire est nécessaire, au-delà des événements rassemblant plus de 1 000 personnes, si nous voulons une sortie de crise durable. Il ne s’agit pas de rendre le vaccin obligatoire, puisque le passe sanitaire est accessible par deux autres voies, tout aussi importantes et reconnues : le test négatif ou le certificat de rétablissement du Covid-19. En outre, il a été conçu dans le respect de la vie privée. L’utilisation du passe se justifie d’autant plus que tous nos compatriotes ont désormais accès à la vaccination. Ceux qui ont choisi le vaccin ne doivent pas voir leur liberté limitée par ceux qui le refusent. De manière très concrète, le passe sanitaire permettrait la réouverture des bars sans restriction, et des discothèques dès le 30 juin, et de fournir l’option de remplacer partout ailleurs les accès avec jauges limitées (sans passe) par des accès pleins avec le passe. Ce serait la meilleure manière de concilier la prudence sanitaire, la reprise économique et le retour des interactions sociales.
    Outre les dommages économiques pour les exploitants de ces lieux pour lesquels aucune solution n’a été trouvée, et qui ont saisi le Conseil d’Etat [afin que soient intégrés en urgence les établissements de nuit dans le plan de déconfinement au même titre que les concerts et les mariages, demande rejetée le 21 mai], s’estimant victimes de discrimination et de mesures disproportionnées, une situation de fermeture prolongée peut amplifier le phénomène des rassemblements clandestins. A contrario, leur ouverture permettrait à la jeunesse de recouvrer sa liberté de socialisation, tout en conservant la possibilité de contrôler l’évolution de l’épidémie. A l’étranger, de plus en plus de pays mettent en place des outils similaires, que ce soit pour voyager (comme en Italie) ou pour participer à des activités sociales (au Danemark, en Autriche, en Hongrie ou en Belgique). Ce ne sont pas les personnes qui sont tracées, mais le virus. Ne l’oublions pas.
    A moyen terme, il faut prévoir une stratégie contingente à un scénario de retour de l’épidémie qui pourrait être la conséquence d’un essoufflement de la vaccination ou de l’apparition de nouveaux variants. Pour donner de la visibilité aux acteurs, en particulier économiques, il faut dès maintenant communiquer sur cette stratégie. Nous sommes favorables à une généralisation du passe sanitaire en cas de reprise de l’épidémie comme alternative aux limitations de jauges, aux fermetures (des restaurants, des lieux de culture, etc.) et à un nouveau confinement. Son utilisation pourrait s’étendre, par exemple, aux lieux fermés, où les mesures de distanciation sociale sont peu respectées, et aux activités comportant un système de billetterie ou de check-in : cafés, restaurants, salles de sport, cinémas, théâtres, musées, concerts, stades, événements, gares TGV et aéroports.
    Cette double utilisation du passe sanitaire (pour ouvrir rapidement les lieux de socialisation les plus à risque, et pour éviter de nouvelles restrictions en cas de reprise épidémique) présente un autre avantage : inciter la population à se faire vacciner. Souvent abordé dans d’autres pays, ce sujet paraît encore tabou dans le débat public en France. Dans le contexte culturel et politique français, les incitations financières seraient certainement contre-productives. Mais des incitations basées sur le retour de la vie sociale seront efficaces.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#france#sante#passesanitaire#circulation#deplacement#tracking#depistage#vaccination

  • Covid-19 dans le monde : la Thaïlande durcit ses restrictions sanitaires
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2021/04/26/covid-19-dans-le-monde-nouvelles-restrictions-en-thailande-apres-un-nombre-a

    Covid-19 dans le monde : la Thaïlande durcit ses restrictions sanitaires
    Le royaume, qui avait été relativement épargné jusqu’à ces dernières semaines par la pandémie, recense désormais 57 500 cas, contre seulement 29 000 au début d’avril.De nouvelles restrictions ont été mises en place, lundi, par les autorités thaïes pour tenter de freiner une vague épidémique sans précédent dans le pays. Le port du masque est désormais obligatoire dans les lieux publics de la capitale, Bangkok, et de 47 provinces, sous peine d’une amende de 20 000 bahts (526 euros).Les autorités de la mégalopole, l’épicentre de l’épidémie, ont également fermé un grand nombre de lieux publics (cinémas, piscines, salles de sport, etc.) après avoir ordonné au cours de la semaine dernière la fermeture des écoles, des bars et des boîtes de nuit, et interdit aux restaurants de servir de l’alcool.
    La Thaïlande, qui compte près de 70 millions d’habitants, recense désormais 57 500 cas de contaminations au SARS-CoV-2, contre seulement 29 000 au début d’avril. Le royaume avait été relativement épargné jusqu’à ces dernières semaines, grâce à une politique très stricte de contrôle des frontières et de suivi des personnes contaminées.Mais la vaccination de la population a pris beaucoup de retard, par rapport à d’autres pays de la région. Le premier ministre, Prayuth Chan-o-cha, a déclaré sur Facebook que le gouvernement s’efforçait de se procurer plus de doses, avec pour objectif de vacciner 300 000 personnes par jour.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#thailande#sante#frontiere#circulation#tracking

  • The secret of Taiwan’s Covid-19 success - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/04/the-secret-of-taiwans-covid-19-success

    The authors assumed that testing and isolation occurred simultaneously. This was the case in Taiwan, but not in other countries, for example England, where delays between testing, results and isolation diminish the effectiveness of case-based measures.Taiwan is an island nation with the ability to control the introduction of new cases through border control, and the authors acknowledge the findings of this study may not be fully applicable to other countries.This is why the authors focused on the effectiveness of case-based and population-based interventions on local transmission, rather than on border controls on the number of introductions of Covid-19.The authors conclude that intensive contact tracing is not possible when public health systems are overwhelmed. This never happened in Taiwan due to the success of its strategies, but it did, for example, take place in Ireland in January 2021, which experienced a damaging third wave.(...)We already knew there was much to be learned from Taiwan’s success in preventing Covid-19 from taking hold. Now, as vaccines roll out and new variants emerge, we have more information about the comparative and combined contributions of public health measures.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#taiwan#sante#politiquesante#systemesante#frontiere#controle#despistage#tracking

  • Covid-19 : en Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, les infirmiers libéraux en première ligne face aux variants
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2021/02/16/covid-19-en-provence-alpes-cote-d-azur-les-infirmiers-liberaux-en-premiere-l

    Le dialogue est difficile. La famille est originaire du Cap-Vert et seul l’adolescent maîtrise le français. L’infirmier prend la saturation et la tension de la patiente, qui se plaint d’une oppression au niveau de la poitrine, et préconise une nouvelle visite chez le médecin traitant. Il répète une dernière fois les règles à suivre et laisse le formulaire édité par le ministère de la santé sur une table. « Aujourd’hui, il est rare de trouver des gens qui ne sont pas informés des mesures à prendre… Il y a un tel matraquage », se rassure-t-il. La famille n’a pas voyagé récemment mais Maria pense avoir été contaminée par son beau-frère, à qui le virus a été transmis par des collègues, au travail. A Marseille, les liens avec certaines zones du globe comme l’océan Indien, le Maghreb ou le Portugal sont scrutés avec attention. « Dans le contact tracing, on a renforcé certains faisceaux d’indices : voyages, contacts familiaux avec notion d’extraterritorialité… », insiste Stéphane Debeaumont. A l’aéroport de Marseille, les passagers arrivant sur des vols d’Ethiopie, escale au retour des Comores, et de Tunisie sont désormais testés systématiquement.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#france#marseille#sante#depsitage#tracking#infirmier#circulation#frontiere#comores#maghreb#capvert#portugal#oceanindien

  • Revealed: UK Covid contact tracers working from abroad | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/09/revealed-uk-covid-contact-tracers-working-from-abroad
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/90074c169b2005d480c771b575a21a7954d2f717/0_117_3500_2100/master/3500.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Some contact tracers working on the UK’s test and trace system are thought to have been working from abroad, the Guardian has learned, with one company resorting to tracking its employees’ locations.Intelling, hired through outsourcing firm Serco and employing about 500 staff members, makes its workers turn on “geo-tracking” owing to concerns that some have been doing their job remotely from overseas. The Guardian was shown a presentation sent to workers at the company about working from home, which includes information for tracers about how to use geo-tracking, which ensures staff are working from a UK IP address.Serco said the software was being used after claims emerged last summer that individual call handlers may have been trying to work when they were outside the UK. Intelling did not respond to attempts to contact it for a comment.
    According to NHS professionals, the health service’s job portal, clinical contact tracers “must be based in the UK to work”. “Clinical caseworkers cannot operate in their roles from countries outside of the UK,” the guidance says. Intelling tracers are normally required to work from their home address, according to their contract. The Guardian understands that agents must not be based abroad to ensure that personal data being processed by suppliers does not leave the UK

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#sante#tracking#etranger

  • #Belgique : plus de 70% des internautes ont refusé d’accepter ces cookies analytiques
    https://www.rtbf.be/info/economie/detail_les-sites-belges-sevres-des-donnees-des-cookies-analytiques?id=10671202

    Le secteur du digital et publicitaire de même que la Feweb qui représente les entreprises du web belge ont entamé une consultation avec l’Autorité de la Protection des Données pour tenter de trouver une solution au consentement des utilisateurs qui est requis depuis un an pour récolter des « cookies analytiques », rapporte L’Echo mardi.

    Différence entre cookies analytiques et cookies publicitaires
    Les cookies analytiques ne sont pas les cookies publicitaires habituels qui servent notamment au reciblage des internautes. Ce sont des cookies qui servent à savoir, par exemple, combien de personnes ont visité une page internet, sur quelles zones ils ont cliqué ou encore combien de temps un internaute est resté sur tel ou tel site. Des données anonymes et peu sensibles, mais qui sont essentielles pour les éditeurs de sites belges.

    « Depuis l’instauration du consentement explicite, plus de 70% des internautes ont refusé d’accepter ces cookies analytiques », expliquent Patrick Marck et Olivier De Doncker, à la tête de la Feweb. . . . . . .

    #cookies #publicité #profiling #facebook #google #surveillance #firefox #cnil #marketing #tracking #cookie #algorithme #bigdata #web #vie_privée #données #privacy #consentement #internet

  • Hong Kong reveals plans to step up border controls to shield city from Covid-19 rebound, as warning signs of new wave emerge among drivers | South China Morning Post
    https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/health-environment/article/3109334/hong-kong-step-covid-19-border-controls-city-put

    Hong Kong risks a winter surge of Covid-19 if it lets its guard down, Sophia Chan says. New Covid-19 measures:
    •Four regular testing centres to operate long-term, offering free service for those at high risk of infections, and paid screening for those requiring certification to travel, especially for Singapore-Hong Kong bubble
    •A virus notification app will be set up for users to record their travel history and notify them of exposure risks
    •A multi-pronged strategy will be adopted to close border loopholes for people exempted from quarantine, including a mandatory negative test for those from high-risk countries, and point-to-point pickups instead of public transport
    Hong Kong revealed plans to step up border controls against Covid-19 as possible new infections among taxi drivers emerged on Wednesday, sparking concerns that the next wave could be starting.Health minister Professor Sophia Chan Siu-chee moved to close quarantine loopholes to prevent another onslaught of cases during the winter flu season, saying the city had to remain vigilant.“If we let down our guard, a fourth wave can start anytime and can become more severe with the flu season in the autumn and winter,” the secretary for food and health said. “Externally [we must] guard our border well, and internally stop the spread.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#hongkong#singapour#sante#mesuresanitaire#frontiere#grippe#bullevoyage#tracking#politiquesante

  • HK-Singapore ’travel bubble’ starts on November 22 - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2020/11/hk-singapore-travel-bubble-starts-on-november-22

    Hong Kong and Singapore will launch a “travel bubble” on November 22, their governments said Wednesday, in a rare piece of good news for the pandemic-battered airline and tourism industries.A quota of 200 residents from each city will be able to travel on one daily flight to the other, Hong Kong commerce minister Edward Yau told a press conference.Only those who have been in Hong Kong or Singapore for two weeks and tested negative for the coronavirus will be allowed to board, he added.The corridor offers a glimpse into how places with less severe outbreaks might be able to safely restart some travel.Passengers arriving in Hong Kong will have to test negative again at the airport to avoid quarantine, while those arriving in Singapore will have to download a contact-tracing app.
    Those hoping to get on a plane in Hong Kong will have to stump up about HK$1,500 (US$190) for a test at a government-approved laboratory or hospital.In Singapore, a test will set you back about Sg$200 ($150).

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#hongkong#singapour#sante#bullevoyage#frontiere#test#tracking#tourisme#economie

  • « La #santé_publique sort laminée » : dans son livre, le Pr Renaud Piarroux tire les leçons de la première vague
    https://www.lejdd.fr/Societe/Sante/la-sante-publique-sort-laminee-dans-son-livre-le-pr-renaud-piarroux-tire-les-l

    Extraits :

    Tout mon propos tient dans le raisonnement suivant : vous aimeriez que notre situation évolue comme celle de la Chine, ou mieux encore, celle de la Corée du Sud, mais nous ne faisons rien pour cela.

    La France était l’un des pays qui en avaient fait le moins lors de la vague épidémique, l’objectif des autorités sanitaires est désormais d’en faire un maximum. De montrer qu’en France, nous nous sommes donné les moyens de traquer le virus partout. Du contact #tracking_médiatique, en quelque sorte. […] C’est vraiment dommage car, avec la baisse de la transmission, nous avions là une belle opportunité d’effectuer un contact tracking plus personnalisé et plus exhaustif sur l’ensemble de l’Île-de-France et d’ajouter une couche supplémentaire au dispositif national, pour le rendre plus performant. Peut-être aurions-nous ainsi rejoint la liste des pays vertueux qui ont continué à maîtriser la propagation du virus pendant la saison estivale. Il est maintenant trop tard pour se poser la question.

    Par certains côtés, nous avons été plus démunis pour effectuer la surveillance épidémiologique que beaucoup de pays en développement dans lesquels j’ai eu l’occasion de travailler.

    #politique #France #covid-19

  • Apple-Facebook-Streit: Die Macht der aufgeklärten Nutzer - Golem.de
    https://diasp.eu/p/11627404

    Apple-Facebook-Streit: Die Macht der aufgeklärten Nutzer - Golem.de

    Facebook warnt vor hohen Umsatzeinbußen bei Apps, wenn Apple die Trackingvorgaben ändert. Das zeigt den Einfluss informierter Einwilligung. Apple-Facebook-Streit: Die Macht der aufgeklärten Nutzer - Golem.de #Tracking #App #Facebook #GooglePlay #MarkZuckerberg #Onlinewerbung #Software #SozialesNetz #iOS7 #Apple

  • UK Border Force aims to check less than third of arrivals for test-and-trace forms | Politics | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/28/uk-border-force-aims-check-just-third-arrivals-test-trace-forms
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ed7e17d28af0944f6edbe02977145255e0978e75/0_318_4796_2879/master/4796.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Border Force officials have been set a target of checking less than a third of arrivals to the UK to ensure they have forms to aid test-and-trace efforts, sources have told the Guardian.It raises the prospect that hundreds of thousands of people have entered the country without the documents being inspected. Dozens of travellers have contacted the Guardian to raise concerns over a lack of checks. Arrivals in the UK from abroad must submit a passenger locator form online beforehand, to be shown at the border either in printed form or on a mobile device. Failure to provide details risks a fine of up to £100. Border Force officers “will use the QR code at the top of the document to check you have completed the form successfully”, the government says. Information including the passenger’s UK address and travel details is used to check that individuals are self-isolating if necessary or to warn them if they have come into contact with travellers with Covid-19. Border Force aims to spot-check 30% of arrivals for passenger locator forms, according to a target understood to be contained in a weekly update circulated in Whitehall. It states that between 17 and 23 August, 10% of those spot-checked by Border Force had not filled out the forms. It is understood that the checks need to be made manually by Border Force officials, with no automated system of logging passenger locator form details when passports are scanned. The shadow home secretary, Nick Thomas-Symonds, said: “Passenger locator forms are a crucial part of a functioning test, track and isolate system. These are deeply worrying findings, amounting to yet another example of failing to implement effective protective measures at UK borders. This issue needs to be addressed urgently for the sake of public health and to reassure travellers.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#sante#test#tracking#frontiere#contamination#santepublique#voyageur

  • Passenger removed from plane after testing positive for Covid-19 | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/27/passengers-removed-from-ryanair-flight-moments-before-take-off-after-po
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/fe718ae2b595db7a7cd43523367b83f0fc4810be/0_12_1631_979/master/1631.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    Hazmat-clad officials rushed on board a Ryanair flight moments before it departed from London Stansted to remove a passenger who had tested positive for coronavirus.On Wednesday night, a passenger received a text from test and trace minutes before departure informing him that he had Covid-19. He and the passenger he was travelling with were then taken off the plane before it was due to fly to Pisa in Italy. The pair were moved to the airport’s isolation area, where they were met by health authorities. Their seats and the overhead cabin bins were then disinfected, with the plane finally leaving over an hour behind schedule. Ryanair said in a statement: “The passenger and his travel companion were immediately offloaded and taken to a Stansted airport isolation area where they were assisted by local public health authorities. “Since this passenger and his companion had complied fully with Ryanair health regulations, they were both wearing masks at all times at Stansted Airport and for the very short period (less than 10 minutes) they were seated on the aircraft prior to departure. “There was little if any risk of Covid-19 transmission to other passengers or crew members as all of whom were also wearing face masks at all times.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#contamination#test#tracking#santepublique#liaisonaerienne#grandebretagne#sante

  • HK boarding houses linked to Covid-19 rebound - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2020/08/hk-boarding-houses-linked-to-covid-19-rebound

    The number of Covid-19 infections in Hong Kong rebounded to 62 over 24 hours on Tuesday from 33 a day earlier with more domestic workers testing positive after staying in boarding houses. On Wednesday, the Center for Health Protection said one case was imported and the others were local infections. Among the local cases, 28 have no known source. An Indonesian domestic worker, aged 35, was identified as infected on Tuesday, according to the center. She left her former employer’s home on July 24 and stayed with five other domestic workers in a boarding house on the seventh floor at Haven Court in Causeway Bay. She moved to her new employer’s home in Sai Kung on August 1 and was living there with 11 people until August 10. All 11 will be sent to a quarantine center. Separately, four domestic workers who stayed with an infected helper in a boarding house in Sheung Wan last month also tested positive. A 40-year-old Indonesian domestic worker tested positive on Monday. She was staying in an apartment in Quarry Bay to take care of an elderly person between July 16 and 23 after she left her former employer. She then moved to a boarding house in Cheung Hing Mansion in Mong Kok from July 23 to August 3, staying with at least 10 other domestic workers.

    She developed symptoms on August 2 but still moved to her new employer’s home in Tai Kok Tsui on August 3. She was sent to have a medical check and tested positive. Chuang Shuk-kwan, head of the communicable disease branch of the Centre for Health Protection, said the center was unable to track down close contacts of the 40-year-old Indonesian. Health officials called on police to help trace the contacts, but to no avail. Officers were denied entry by the owner of the boarding house in Cheung Hing Mansion.Chuang urged those who hired foreign domestic workers recently to find out if they stayed at the Cheung Hing Mansion. She said at least one helper who stayed there had tested positive.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#asie#hongkong#indonesie#travailleurmigrant#domestique#sante#test#casimporte#tracking

  • Thread by Panda31808732 : 1. Maîtriser le virus : purger, prévenir, dépister, tracer, isoler. Avertissement : c’est long. Il y aura un lien pour lire sur version HTML…
    https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1277322215336349697.html

    1. Maîtriser le virus : purger, prévenir, dépister, tracer, isoler.

    Long thread très intéressant ou il est question de #prévention #Covid-19 #réduction_des_risques #tracking #tests #propagation #transmission.

  • Google Coronavirus Apps Give it Way to Access Location Data - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/20/technology/google-covid-tracker-app.html

    When Google and Apple announced plans in April for free software to help alert people of their possible exposure to the coronavirus, the companies promoted it as “privacy preserving” and said it would not track users’ locations. Encouraged by those guarantees, Germany, Switzerland and other countries used the code to develop national virus alert apps that have been downloaded more than 20 million times.

    But for the apps to work on smartphones with Google’s Android operating system — the most popular in the world — users must first turn on the device location setting, which enables GPS and may allow Google to determine their locations.

    Some government officials seemed surprised that the company could detect Android users’ locations. After learning about it, Cecilie Lumbye Thorup, a spokeswoman for Denmark’s Health Ministry, said her agency intended to “start a dialogue with Google about how they in general use location data.”

    Switzerland said it had pushed Google for weeks to alter the location setting requirement.

    “Users should be able to use such proximity tracing apps without any bindings with other services,” said Dr. Sang-Il Kim, the department head for digital transformation at Switzerland’s Federal Office of Public Health, who oversees the country’s virus-alert app.
    Image

    Pete Voss, a Google spokesman, said the virus alert apps that use the company’s software do not use device location. That’s including for people who test positive for the virus and use the apps to notify other users. The apps use Bluetooth scanning signals to detect smartphones that come into close contact with one another — without needing to know the devices’ locations at all.

    Since 2015, Google’s Android system has required users to enable location on their phones to scan for other Bluetooth devices, Mr. Voss said, because some apps may use Bluetooth to infer user location. For instance, some apps use Bluetooth beacons in stores to help marketers understand which aisle a smartphone user may be in.

    Once Android users turn on location, however, Google may determine their precise locations, using Wi-Fi, mobile networks and Bluetooth beacons, through a setting called Google Location Accuracy, and use the data to improve location services. Mr. Voss said apps that did not have user permission could not gain access to a person’s Android device location.

    Apple, which does not require iPhone users of the virus apps to turn on location, declined to comment on Google’s location practices.

    “This app deserves your trust. It protects your privacy,” Angela Merkel, the chancellor of Germany, said in a recent video address about her government’s Corona-Warn-App, which is based on the Apple-Google model. “No geodata is collected,” Ms. Merkel said.

    But privacy and security experts said they were troubled that Google’s location practices might deter some people from using public health agency apps during the pandemic.

    “The point of the Apple-Google exposure notification design is to protect privacy and mitigate barriers to adoption,” said Jonathan Mayer, an assistant professor of computer science and public affairs at Princeton.

    Some Android users in Europe say they feel misled by their governments. Instructions on many of the apps direct Android users to turn on location, for instance, but make no mention of Google or that users can stop the company from determining their precise locations by turning off the accuracy feature within the location setting.

    “With this app, you’re invited, by the government strongly appealing to your sense of responsibility and morality, to give away your live location to entities that are getting a profit out of it, in order to protect public health,” said Massimo Zannoni, an electronic engineer in Zurich.

    #Tracking_app #Google #Géolocalisation