• A Calais, la frontière tue ! In Calais, the border kills !


    http://timeglider.com/timeline/65ecd96fa599a9c6

    –-----
    Deaths at the Calais Border

    Uncountable lives are wasted and suffer at the hands of the Calais border regime. There is no accurate count of how many people have died. This is a list of people known in Calais or from news reports.

    For sure there will have been more, their deaths ignored, the facts covered up or altogether unreported. Many already go unnamed, without vigils and protests, without families or friends to advocate on their behalf.

    But we will never let these deaths be silenced. We will not forgive and we will never forget.

    These borders kill! One death is too many!

    https://calaismigrantsolidarity.wordpress.com/deaths-at-the-calais-border

    #morts #décès #mourir_aux_frontières #Calais #France #frontières #Angleterre #UK #migrations #asile #réfugiés #base_de_données #database #liste #timeline #ligne_du_temps #mourir_dans_la_forteresse_Europe #visualisation #infographie

    ping @reka @simplicissimus @karine4

  • Le #gorafi encore plagié : Brexit, Bruxelles : “Ce n’est pas fini !”, crient les partisans du maintien dans l’UE au rond-point Schuman 17 octobre 2019 - 17 Octobre 2019 - Belga - BX1
    https://bx1.be/bruxelles-ville/ce-nest-pas-fini-crient-les-partisans-du-maintien-dans-lue-au-rond-point-schuman/?theme=classic

    Quelques dizaines de partisans du maintien du Royaume-Uni dans l’Union européenne se sont rassemblés jeudi en début d’après-midi au rond-point Schuman à Bruxelles, au pied de la Commission européenne, pour affirmer leur conviction que l’accord engrangé ce midi entre l’exécutif européen et le gouvernement britannique ne signifiait pas la fin de leurs espoirs.

    “Ce n’est pas fini, continuons à nous battre“, haranguait un orateur sur un podium aux couleurs du “Stop Brexit”. D’aucuns rappelaient que la situation n’était pas si différente d’il y a quelques mois, lorsque la Première ministre Theresa May avait engrangé un accord de retrait avec le reste de l’UE, mais n’avait pu lui faire passer l’obstacle de la Chambre des Communes. C’est l’heure maintenant de “mobiliser le Parlement”, soulignaient les “remainers” présents.

    #brexit #europe #royaume-uni #international #union_européenne #ue #grande-bretagne #angleterre #uk #référendum

  • Calais : « Le Brexit dur ne serait pas synonyme de chaos » Annick Capelle - 16 Octobre 2019 - RTBF
    https://www.rtbf.be/info/monde/detail_calais-le-brexit-dur-ne-serait-pas-synonyme-de-chaos?id=10339170

    Entre 4 et 6000 : c’est le nombre de poids lourds qui, chaque jour, transitent par Calais. Dans une fluidité impressionnante, les ferries embarquent ou débarquent ces véhicules chargés de marchandises destinées au Royaume-Uni ou au continent européen. En cas de Brexit dur, les formalités douanières seront rétablies… Du jour au lendemain. Faut-il donc craindre la paralysie ? Non, si l’on en croit les douaniers et les exploitants du port de Calais, qui depuis des mois, se préparent au rétablissement du poste-frontière. Il y a quelques jours, ils organisaient une répétition générale. Objectif : tester leur « frontière intelligente », un dispositif censé éviter les bouchons en cas de sortie brutale du Royaume-Uni.

    Anticipation
    La clé de voûte de ce dispositif, c’est l’anticipation, souligne Eric Meunier, directeur interrégional des douanes et droits indirects des Hauts de France. « L’entreprise qui importe ou exporte de la marchandise devra effectuer préalablement une déclaration de douane sur internet, et recevra un code-barres. Muni de ce code-barres, le chauffeur de poids lourd se présentera ensuite à la frontière, où notre nouveau système informatique établira automatiquement un lien entre le code-barres, la plaque d’immatriculation et la marchandise transportée. C’est ce qu’on appelle l’appairage. »

    Le temps d’attente sera réduit au minimum, puisque, une fois son code-barres scanné, le chauffeur de poids lourd montera directement sur le ferry : « C’est pendant la traversée de la Manche que le système traitera la déclaration de douane ».

    Des panneaux verts et orange
    Dans le port de Calais, une nouvelle signalétique verte et orange a été mise en place pour aiguiller les poids lourds qui débarquent des ferries en provenance du Royaume-Uni. « Avant même de quitter le ferry, le chauffeur saura quelle voie il doit emprunter à son arrivée », explique Benoît Rochet, directeur général délégué de la SEPD, la société d’exploitation des ports du Détroit. « Si la sortie est autorisée par la douane, le poids lourd prend la ligne verte – une sortie aussi fluide qu’aujourd’hui. En moins de deux minutes, le camion est sur l’autoroute. Si le poids lourd doit emprunter la file orange, cela veut dire qu’il doit se soumettre à un contrôle. »

    Plus de 150 places de parking
    Les panneaux orange mènent, un peu plus loin, vers des parkings de délestage pouvant accueillir plus de 150 poids lourds en attente de régularisation douanière. Deux nouvelles plateformes y ont été construites. Elles disposent ensemble de dix quais de déchargement. C’est là que les contrôles seront effectués.

    Un des poids lourds participant au test, rejoint la première plateforme. Il transporte du ciment. Deux agents de douane vérifient aussitôt la conformité de la marchandise avec la déclaration de douane. Quelques minutes plus tard, le chauffeur peut repartir. Le dispositif semble bien rodé.

    La deuxième plateforme sera réservée aux contrôles vétérinaires et phytosanitaires. « Aujourd’hui, il existe déjà des contrôles vétérinaires et phytosanitaires, mais ils sont réalisés dans les Etats membres. En cas de Brexit, il faudra appliquer ces formalités ici, lors du passage à la frontière », explique Jean Michel Thillier, directeur général adjoint des douanes et droits indirects.

    Fins prêts
    Les douanes et les autorités portuaires sont convaincues que l’on peut éviter l’engorgement du terminal. Tout dépendra de la façon dont les entreprises jouent le jeu de l’anticipation. Eric Meunier : « Il existe une marge d’incertitude : c’est la proportion d’entreprises qui n’auraient pas réalisé les formalités préalables. Pour nous, il est très important que ces entreprises soient le moins nombreuses possible, parce qu’elles vont générer des retards pour elles-mêmes, mais également entraîner une charge de travail qui, sur le port, pourrait entraîner des retards pour l’ensemble des transporteurs. »

    Pourtant, Eric Meunier ne croit pas que le Brexit dur sera synonyme de chaos. Depuis plusieurs mois, les douanes françaises mènent une large campagne d’information auprès des entreprises, notamment via les réseaux sociaux. Cette campagne vise bien sûr les compagnies françaises, mais pas seulement : « Sur le franchissement à Calais, 80% des poids lourds ne sont pas français, mais viennent de l’Europe entière. C’est pourquoi, les douanes de tous les pays européens ont informé – et informent encore aujourd’hui – leurs opérateurs de la nécessité d’anticipation. Pour un opérateur, où qu’il soit, dans n’importe quel pays de l’Union, il sera tout à fait possible, de manière dématérialisée, via internet, de déclarer la marchandise préalablement, et une fois à Calais, de franchir la frontière de manière fluide. »

    La véritable inconnue, conclut Eric Meunier, concernera les petits opérateurs qui, à l’heure actuelle, ne travaillent qu’au sein de l’Union européenne, et qui ne sont pas habitués aux formalités douanières. Ce sont ces entreprises-là – françaises ou pas – qu’il faut impérativement toucher.

    #brexit #france #douane #europe #royaume-uni #international #union_européenne #ue #grande-bretagne #angleterre #uk #référendum #actualités_internationales #politique #frontières

  • IOM Organizes First Humanitarian #Charter Flight from Algeria to Niger

    This week (15/10), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) organized its first flight for voluntary return from the southern Algerian city of #Tamanrasset to Niger’s capital, #Niamey, carrying 166 Nigerien nationals, in close collaboration with the Governments of Algeria and Niger.

    This is the first movement of its kind for vulnerable Nigerien migrants through IOM voluntary return activities facilitated by the governments of Algeria and Niger and in close cooperation with Air Algérie. This flight was organized to avoid a long tiring journey for migrants in transit by using a shorter way to go home.

    For the first flight, 18 per cent of the returnees, including women and children were selected for their vulnerabilities, including medical needs.

    “The successful return of over 160 vulnerable Nigerien migrants through this inaugural voluntary return flight ensures, safe and humane return of migrants who are in need of assistance to get to their country of origin,” said Paolo Caputo, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Algeria. “This movement is the result of the combined efforts of both IOM missions and the Governments of Algeria and Niger.”

    IOM staff in Algeria provided medical assistance to more than 10 migrants prior to their flight and ensured that all their health needs were addressed during their travel and upon arrival in Niger.

    IOM also provides technical support to the Government of Niger in registering the returned Nigeriens upon arrival in Niger and deliver basic humanitarian assistance before they travel to their communities of origin.

    Since 2016, IOM missions in Niger and Libya have assisted over 7,500 Nigerien migrants with their return from Libya through voluntary humanitarian return operations.

    Upon arrival, the groups of Nigerien migrants returning with IOM-organized flights from both Algeria and Libya receive assistance, such as food and pocket money, to cover their immediate needs, including in-country onward transportation.

    After the migrants have returned to their communities of origin, IOM offers different reintegration support depending on their needs, skills and aspirations. This can include medical assistance, psychosocial support, education, vocational training, setting up an income generating activity, or support for housing and other basic needs.

    “This movement today represents a big step in the right direction for the dignified return of migrants in the region,” said Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “We are grateful for the financial support of the Governments of the United Kingdom and Italy who have made this possible,” she added.


    https://www.iom.int/news/iom-organizes-first-humanitarian-charter-flight-algeria-niger
    #IOM #OIM #Algérie #Niger #renvois #expulsions #retour_volontaire #retours_volontaires #migrations #asile #réfugiés #réfugiés_nigérians #Nigeria #Italie #UK #Angleterre #externalisation #frontières #charters_humanitaires

    Ajouté à cette métaliste sur les refoulements d’Algérie au Niger
    https://seenthis.net/messages/748397
    Ici il s’agit plutôt de migrants abandonnés dans le désert, alors que l’OIM parle de « dignified return », mais je me demande jusqu’à quel point c’est vraiment différent...

    signalé par @pascaline

    ping @karine4 @_kg_ @isskein

  • IOM Organizes First Humanitarian #Charter Flight from Algeria to Niger

    This week (15/10), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) organized its first flight for voluntary return from the southern Algerian city of #Tamanrasset to Niger’s capital, #Niamey, carrying 166 Nigerien nationals, in close collaboration with the Governments of Algeria and Niger.

    This is the first movement of its kind for vulnerable Nigerien migrants through IOM voluntary return activities facilitated by the governments of Algeria and Niger and in close cooperation with Air Algérie. This flight was organized to avoid a long tiring journey for migrants in transit by using a shorter way to go home.

    For the first flight, 18 per cent of the returnees, including women and children were selected for their vulnerabilities, including medical needs.

    “The successful return of over 160 vulnerable Nigerien migrants through this inaugural voluntary return flight ensures, safe and humane return of migrants who are in need of assistance to get to their country of origin,” said Paolo Caputo, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Algeria. “This movement is the result of the combined efforts of both IOM missions and the Governments of Algeria and Niger.”

    IOM staff in Algeria provided medical assistance to more than 10 migrants prior to their flight and ensured that all their health needs were addressed during their travel and upon arrival in Niger.

    IOM also provides technical support to the Government of Niger in registering the returned Nigeriens upon arrival in Niger and deliver basic humanitarian assistance before they travel to their communities of origin.

    Since 2016, IOM missions in Niger and Libya have assisted over 7,500 Nigerien migrants with their return from Libya through voluntary humanitarian return operations.

    Upon arrival, the groups of Nigerien migrants returning with IOM-organized flights from both Algeria and Libya receive assistance, such as food and pocket money, to cover their immediate needs, including in-country onward transportation.

    After the migrants have returned to their communities of origin, IOM offers different reintegration support depending on their needs, skills and aspirations. This can include medical assistance, psychosocial support, education, vocational training, setting up an income generating activity, or support for housing and other basic needs.

    “This movement today represents a big step in the right direction for the dignified return of migrants in the region,” said Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “We are grateful for the financial support of the Governments of the United Kingdom and Italy who have made this possible,” she added.


    https://www.iom.int/news/iom-organizes-first-humanitarian-charter-flight-algeria-niger
    #IOM #OIM #Algérie #Niger #renvois #expulsions #retour_volontaire #retours_volontaires #migrations #asile #réfugiés #réfugiés_nigérians #Nigeria #Italie #UK #Angleterre #externalisation #frontières

    Ajouté à cette métaliste sur les refoulements d’Algérie au Niger
    https://seenthis.net/messages/748397
    Ici il s’agit plutôt de migrants abandonnés dans le désert, alors que l’OIM parle de « dignified return », mais je me demande jusqu’à quel point c’est vraiment différent...

    signalé par @pascaline

    ping @karine4 @_kg_ @isskein

  • IOM Organizes First Humanitarian #Charter Flight from Algeria to Niger

    This week (15/10), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) organized its first flight for voluntary return from the southern Algerian city of #Tamanrasset to Niger’s capital, #Niamey, carrying 166 Nigerien nationals, in close collaboration with the Governments of Algeria and Niger.

    This is the first movement of its kind for vulnerable Nigerien migrants through IOM voluntary return activities facilitated by the governments of Algeria and Niger and in close cooperation with Air Algérie. This flight was organized to avoid a long tiring journey for migrants in transit by using a shorter way to go home.

    For the first flight, 18 per cent of the returnees, including women and children were selected for their vulnerabilities, including medical needs.

    “The successful return of over 160 vulnerable Nigerien migrants through this inaugural voluntary return flight ensures, safe and humane return of migrants who are in need of assistance to get to their country of origin,” said Paolo Caputo, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Algeria. “This movement is the result of the combined efforts of both IOM missions and the Governments of Algeria and Niger.”

    IOM staff in Algeria provided medical assistance to more than 10 migrants prior to their flight and ensured that all their health needs were addressed during their travel and upon arrival in Niger.

    IOM also provides technical support to the Government of Niger in registering the returned Nigeriens upon arrival in Niger and deliver basic humanitarian assistance before they travel to their communities of origin.

    Since 2016, IOM missions in Niger and Libya have assisted over 7,500 Nigerien migrants with their return from Libya through voluntary humanitarian return operations.

    Upon arrival, the groups of Nigerien migrants returning with IOM-organized flights from both Algeria and Libya receive assistance, such as food and pocket money, to cover their immediate needs, including in-country onward transportation.

    After the migrants have returned to their communities of origin, IOM offers different reintegration support depending on their needs, skills and aspirations. This can include medical assistance, psychosocial support, education, vocational training, setting up an income generating activity, or support for housing and other basic needs.

    “This movement today represents a big step in the right direction for the dignified return of migrants in the region,” said Barbara Rijks, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Niger. “We are grateful for the financial support of the Governments of the United Kingdom and Italy who have made this possible,” she added.


    https://www.iom.int/news/iom-organizes-first-humanitarian-charter-flight-algeria-niger
    #IOM #OIM #Algérie #Niger #renvois #expulsions #retour_volontaire #retours_volontaires #migrations #asile #réfugiés #réfugiés_nigérians #Nigeria #Italie #UK #Angleterre #externalisation #frontières

    Ajouté à cette métaliste sur les refoulements d’Algérie au Niger
    https://seenthis.net/messages/748397
    Ici il s’agit plutôt de migrants abandonnés dans le désert, alors que l’OIM parle de « dignified return », mais je me demande jusqu’à quel point c’est vraiment différent...

    signalé par @pascaline

    ping @karine4 @_kg_ @isskein

  • #Bruxelles : La gare du Midi se met à l’heure du Brexit Barbara Boulet - 15 Octobre 2019 RTBF
    https://www.rtbf.be/info/regions/detail_la-gare-du-midi-se-met-a-l-heure-du-brexit?id=10341246

    Un divorce à l’amiable entre l’Union européenne et le Royaume-Uni est-il encore possible ? La Belgique en tout cas se prépare à un départ possible de la Grande-Bretagne à la fin du mois. La gare du Midi à Bruxelles en est un exemple. Les services de douane s’apprêtent à devoir gérer à tout moment l’accueil des voyageurs en provenance du Royaume-Uni et à aider ceux qui s’y rendent à remplir leurs formalités.

    Une équipe de 28 douaniers a été recrutée, elle est actuellement en formation. Deux locaux sont aussi en train d’être aménagés dans le terminal Eurostar. L’un, à l’arrivée, est déjà là ; il permet le contrôle des marchandises (drogues et armes, mais aussi les marchandises soumises à des taxes comme l’alcool ou le tabac). L’autre, un conteneur qui doit arriver d’ici la fin octobre dans la salle d’attente des départs, permettra le cas échéant de remplir les formalités. Par exemple pour le remboursement de la TVA.

    « On se prépare pour éventuellement au 1er novembre pouvoir accueillir des passagers en provenance du Royaume-Uni ou qui partent vers le Royaume-Uni, déclare Florence Angelici, porte-parole du SPF Finance (en charge de l’administration des douanes). Il faut pouvoir s’occuper de toutes les démarches et assurer les contrôles douaniers » 

    Qu’est ce qui changerait ? 
    Car, en cas de Brexit sans deal, il y aurait du changement pour les voyageurs. Pas en ce qui les concerne directement en tant que personne, donc leur droit à eux de circuler (puisque le Royaume-Uni ne fait déjà pas partie aujourd’hui de l’espace Schengen), mais une sortie sans accord de la Grande Bretagne impliquerait de facto une sortie de l’union douanière. Les marchandises ne pourraient alors plus circuler librement, explique Marianne Dony, professeure de droit européen à l’ULB. "Toute marchandise pour entrer dans l’Union européenne doit disposer d’un papier attestant qu’elle répond bien à la réglementation européenne. La douane doit vérifier ces attestations. Par ailleurs, en ce qui concerne les contrôles fiscaux, il faut bien se dire qu’une fois qu’on sort de l’Union, il peut y avoir des remboursements de TVA. On ne peut pas non plus exporter nécessairement la même quantité de marchandises qui ne soient pas taxées. Et il faut aussi vérifier que les marchandises en provenance du Royaume-Uni ont bien payé leur droit de douane".

    Autant de contrôles douaniers qu’on ne connaissait plus entre nos voisins du Nord et nous. Et qui devraient revoir le jour en cas de Brexit sans accord préalable. 

    #brexit #référendum #démocratie #europe #royaume-uni #international #union_européenne #ue #grande-bretagne #angleterre #uk #référendum #actualités_internationales #politique #frontières #Belgique #boris_johnson

  • The Irish border is a matter of life and death, not technology | Fintan O’Toole | Opinion | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/08/brexit-irish-border-technology
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/f5fca6e3685824d8b9bba53fab53c341781ad774/0_224_6720_4032/master/6720.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    “Spaff some money on some geeks.” According to Chris Cook’s excellent account of Theresa May’s Brexit negotiations with Brussels, that was the instruction issued to the civil service by May’s enforcer Fiona Hill in late 2016.

    It had finally dawned on the British government that it had committed itself to two incompatible things. One was that under no circumstances would there be a return to a hard border between the UK and the Republic of Ireland. The other was that all of the UK was going to leave the EU’s customs union. May faced exactly the same problem that her successor Boris Johnson is struggling with: you can do one or other of these things but you cannot do both. If Northern Ireland leaves the customs union, there will be border controls.

    #frontières #irlande_du_nord #royaume_uni #ulster #brexit

  • Arrival of new customs cars in #Dundalk alarms Border group

    Community group urges Government to be open about future of Border in no-deal Brexit.

    A campaign group representing communities along the Border opposed to Brexit have reacted with concern at the arrival of a fleet of new Revenue customs cars in Dundalk, Co Louth.

    Border Communities Against Brexit posted two photographs online of seven brand new customs patrol cars arriving at a Revenue Commissioners yard in the Border town.

    The publication of the images online triggered alarm among Border residents and criticism of the Government’s response to Brexit on social media.

    The group called on the Government to be more open with communities along the Border about how it intends to manage the new EU border should the UK exit at the end of this month without a deal.

    “This is another example of how the Irish Government are preparing for Brexit,” said a spokesman for the group, referring to the photographs that were posted on its Facebook page on Tuesday afternoon.

    “Border communities need to be told now in clear and uncertain terms what the Border will look like following a no deal,” he said.

    “It’s certain that the Irish Government will be bound to follow EU rules pertaining to managing a Border with a third country,” he said, referring to the UK’s post-Brexit status.

    “The Taoiseach cannot allow communities to be left behind,” he added, warning that the 1998 Belfast Agreement and the Northern Ireland peace process were “under attack by Brexit.”
    ‘Getting real now’

    The Revenue said it was acquiring 16 new vehicles for its customs fleet, some to replace older vehicle and that the overall size of the fleet would increase to 242 from 229 at the start of last month.

    “These vehicles will be distributed at various locations nationwide based on operational requirements,” said the spokeswoman, who sidestepped a question on whether the additional vehicles in Dundalk were required to deal with changes as a result of Brexit.

    Images of the new cars arriving in Revenue appeared amid heightened concern about the uncertain future of the Border following Brexit after British prime minister Boris Johnson publicly distanced himself from reports that he was proposing new customs clearance centres on either side of the Border.

    Seamus Leheny, policy manager of the Freight Transport Association Northern Ireland, responded to the photos on social media, saying that the “reality of Border checks” were “getting real now.”

    The Government has said that there would have to be checks on goods crossing the Border in the event of a no-deal Brexit but has also said it is still in discussion with the EU on where those checks would take place.

    The Revenue has hired more than 450 people, including some 370 this year, to prepare for Brexit, as part of a phased recruitment of an additional 600 people to deal with the extra work resulting from the UK’s exit.

    Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe provided Revenue with an additional €10 million in last year’s budget for the recruitment of the staff. The uncertainty around the manner and timing of the UK’s departure from the EU and the possibility of a disorderly exit resulted in Revenue accelerating its recruitment plan.

    https://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/arrival-of-new-customs-cars-in-dundalk-alarms-border-group-1.4036534
    #frontières #fermeture_des_frontières #Brexit #Irlande #Irlande_du_Nord #UK #Angleterre

    ping @mobileborders

  • Procédure contre #Trump : les démocrates exigent de Pompeo des documents - Amériques - RFI
    http://www.rfi.fr/ameriques/20190928-etats-unis-democrates-exigent-pompeo-documents-ukraine-trump-destitutio

    Le #secrétaire_d’État américaine Mike Pompeo est sommé de transmettre au Congrès des documents concernant l’#Ukraine d’ici le 4 octobre. Les chefs de trois commissions de la Chambre des représentants exigent que Mike Pompeo leur adresse les pièces réclamées, sous peine d’être accusé d’entrave à la justice.

  • États-Unis : le signalement explosif du lanceur d’alerte qui accuse Trump
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/270919/etats-unis-le-signalement-explosif-du-lanceur-d-alerte-qui-accuse-trump

    Mediapart a traduit le signalement du lanceur d’alerte qui accuse Donald Trump d’avoir sollicité l’ingérence de l’Ukraine dans la campagne pour l’élection présidentielle de 2020, alors que son entourage a tenté d’imposer le silence sur cette affaire.

    #Etats-Unis #Ukraine,_Donald_Trump,_Etats-Unis,_A_la_Une

  • Ukraine : le document explosif du lanceur d’alerte qui accuse Trump
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/270919/ukraine-le-document-explosif-du-lanceur-d-alerte-qui-accuse-trump

    Mediapart a traduit le rapport du lanceur d’alerte qui accuse Donald Trump d’avoir sollicité l’ingérence de l’Ukraine dans la campagne pour l’élection présidentielle de 2020, alors que son entourage a tenté d’imposer le silence sur cette affaire. Le document est quasi intégral, hormis des parties techniques sur les classifications et les notes de bas de page.

    #Etats-Unis #Ukraine,_Donald_Trump,_Etats-Unis,_A_la_Une

  • If world leaders choose to fail us, my generation will never forgive them

    We are in the middle of a climate breakdown, and all they can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth.

    This is all wrong. I shouldn’t be standing here. I should be back in school on the other side of the ocean. Yet you all come to me for hope? How dare you! You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. And yet I’m one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction. And all you can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!

    For more than 30 years the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away, and come here saying that you are doing enough, when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight.

    You say you “hear” us and that you understand the urgency. But no matter how sad and angry I am, I don’t want to believe that. Because if you fully understood the situation and still kept on failing to act, then you would be evil. And I refuse to believe that.

    The popular idea of cutting our emissions in half in 10 years only gives us a 50% chance of staying below 1.5C degrees, and the risk of setting off irreversible chain reactions beyond human control.

    Maybe 50% is acceptable to you. But those numbers don’t include tipping points, most feedback loops, additional warming hidden by toxic air pollution or the aspects of justice and equity. They also rely on my and my children’s generation sucking hundreds of billions of tonnes of your CO2 out of the air with technologies that barely exist. So a 50% risk is simply not acceptable to us – we who have to live with the consequences.

    To have a 67% chance of staying below a 1.5C global temperature rise – the best odds given by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – the world had 420 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide left to emit back on 1 January 2018. Today that figure is already down to less than 350 gigatonnes. How dare you pretend that this can be solved with business-as-usual and some technical solutions. With today’s emissions levels, that remaining CO2 budget will be entirely gone in less than eight and a half years.

    There will not be any solutions or plans presented in line with these figures today. Because these numbers are too uncomfortable. And you are still not mature enough to tell it like it is.

    You are failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are upon you. And if you choose to fail us I say we will never forgive you. We will not let you get away with this. Right here, right now is where we draw the line. The world is waking up. And change is coming, whether you like it or not.

    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/23/world-leaders-generation-climate-breakdown-greta-thunberg
    #Greta_Thunberg #climat #jeunesse #résistance #croissance #croissance_économique #espoir #discours #collapsologie #effondrement #nouvelle_génération #accusation #responsabilité #technicisme #action

    ping @reka

    • Environnement.À l’ONU, Greta Thunberg s’en prend aux leaders du monde

      Conviée à New York pour s’exprimer lors d’un sommet spécial des Nations unies sur la question du climat, la jeune activiste suédoise s’est lancée dans une allocution enflammée.

      Les paroles utilisées sont fortes et l’image qui les accompagne est tout aussi poignante. Lundi 23 septembre, lors du sommet sur l’urgence climatique organisée par les Nations unies, Greta Thunberg s’est attaquée une nouvelle fois aux leaders du monde, coupables de ne pas en faire suffisamment face aux bouleversements climatiques en cours.

      Je ne devrais pas être là, je devrais être à l’école, de l’autre côté de l’océan. […] Comment osez-vous ? Vous avez volé mes rêves et mon enfance avec vos paroles creuses. Les gens souffrent, les gens meurent. Des écosystèmes entiers s’effondrent, nous sommes au début d’une extinction de masse et tout ce dont vous pouvez parler, c’est de l’argent. Comment osez-vous ? Comment osez-vous regarder ailleurs et venir ici en prétendant que vous en faites assez ? […] Vous dites que vous nous entendez et que vous comprenez l’urgence, mais je ne veux pas le croire.”

      La jeune Suédoise a prononcé ces phrases le visage rempli d’émotion et presque en larmes, comme on peut le voir sur les images de cette vidéo relayée par le quotidien britannique The Guardian :

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMrtLsQbaok

      Hier, le 22 septembre, la veille de cette allocution de Greta Thunberg aux Nations unies, le journal suédois Svenska Dagbladet avait également épinglé le comportement des responsables de la planète en faisant aussi référence aux nombreuses manifestations pour le climat organisées par des jeunes activistes ces deux derniers jours.

      “Pour les hommes politiques et les entreprises, cela a une grande valeur en matière de relations publiques d’être associés à des jeunes représentant l’espoir pour l’avenir […], mais il y a quelque chose dans les cris de soutien joyeux qui néglige le sérieux du message de ces jeunes”, pointe le journal qui ajoute :

      “Les adultes utilisent des clichés quand ils parlent de la prochaine génération […]. Mais ils deviennent rarement sérieux et ne mènent pas de dialogue réel avec ceux qui, un jour, prendront le relais. Seuls ceux qui ont vraiment le pouvoir peuvent décider du monde qu’ils laissent derrière eux.”

      https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/environnement-lonu-greta-thunberg-sen-prend-aux-leaders-du-mo

      #this_is_all_wrong

    • Women and non-binary people of colour on what the Global Climate Strike means to them

      Today, millions of people across the world mobilised for the Global Climate Strike, calling on their governments to start enacting solutions to climate breakdown.

      Here in the UK, the environmental movement has a whiteness problem. People of colour will be the first to be affected by climate change, but they’re the voices we seem to hear from the least on this matter. The face of the climate movement has seemingly become the white middle-class because they have the privilege of being able to take time off work for these protests, the money to significantly change their lifestyles to be more eco-friendly and the security of being able to trust the police.

      With that in mind, I headed out to Westminster to join the protests and talk to women and non-binary people of colour about why they came out today and what organisers could be doing to better include people colour.


      https://gal-dem.com/women-and-non-binary-people-of-colour-on-what-the-global-climate-strike-mea

    • On environmentalism, whiteness and activist superstars

      After a powerful and emotional speech at the climate summit in New York, climate activist Greta Thunberg’s profile is bigger than ever, as if that were even possible. Founder of the school strike movement, it feels that Greta has played a huge part in galvanising an incredibly cohesive and urgent movement for climate justice in the short period of one year. I am also personally a huge admirer of hers, and am particularly heartened by the way she has discussed disability in the spotlight. But in the past few days, I’ve seen a number of people, notably artist and activist Bree Newsome Bass, discussing Greta’s whiteness in relation to size of her platform.

      In some ways this is an important point – activists of colour like Mari Copeny a.k.a. Little Miss Flint, who has been raising awareness and funds for the water crisis since she was eight, have received far less attention for their activism. But I’m less interested in this criticism levelled towards Greta as a person – she is a 16-year-old, autistic girl who has endured a lot of ableism and misogyny in her time in the public eye. Instead, I think it’s important that we think about the structures that consistently centre whiteness, and white individuals, both within coverage of the climate crisis and outside of it. It is this that speaks to a larger problem of white supremacy and an obsession with individuals in the media.

      We know that under white supremacism, both the media and its audiences disproportionately spotlight and uplift whiteness. And as we saw most recently in criticisms of Extinction Rebellion, the climate justice movement certainly isn’t exempt from reducing people of colour to an afterthought. This feels all the more frustrating when the issue of climate justice disproportionately affects indigenous communities and people of colour, and has rightly led many people of colour to ask: will white people only pay attention to the climate catastrophe when it’s other white people delivering the message? This doesn’t mean we should pay less attention towards Greta on the basis of her whiteness, but instead we should criticise the white supremacist climate that means that activists like Mari Copeny get sidelined.

      “The media prefers individual ‘star’ activists to faceless movements. But this complicates representation”

      Part of this problem also lies in the issue of fame in and of itself. To a certain extent, we buy into the cult of the individual when we inject 16-year-old activists into the realm of celebrity, when they really came to tell us to take action. The media prefers individual “star” activists to faceless movements. But this complicates representation – it’s impossible for one person to truly represent everyone. Equally, when we suggest swapping out one activist for another (e.g. swapping a white autistic woman for say, a black neurotypical man), we buy into a mindset that insists there is only space for one person to speak.

      This focus on the individual is evident in conversations around Greta’s work; each time she makes a speech, pens an article or crafts a viral Instagram post, it feels as though around 50% of the aftermath involves discussion of the climate issues she’s talking about – while the other 50% is usually about Greta herself. This is also why the pressure and criticism directed towards her sometimes feels unfair – it’s worth considering that Greta didn’t ask to be a celebrity, we made her into one. We can address and deconstruct this problem by thinking beyond individuals – and also talking about movements, community groups and even our most abstract modes of thinking about the climate crisis (particularly with regards to decolonisation). This will naturally involve making much-needed space for the voices of people of colour. Although we may always seek leaders and figureheads for movements, an obsession with star power can only take us so far.

      The first and most obvious thing we should do is to remain aware of the ways in which the media, and viewers who participate in it, centre whiteness. Then we should resist it. This doesn’t mean attacking white activists who are doing good work, but instead spotlighting and uplifting activists of colour whose messages equally need to be heard. A good place to start would be reading and listening to the words of Artemisa Xakriabá, Helena Gualinga, Mari Copeny and Isra Hirsi. When we bring focus towards activists of colour, we prove that activism isn’t a project that has only limited space for a certain number of voices. It reduces the amount of misogynistic and ableist abuse that young activists like Greta face, whilst in turn tackling the issue of putting whiteness on a pedestal. Importantly, this goes hand-in-hand with pushing against the media’s constant need to position individual people as the monolithic faces of particular movements. Signal-boosting groups like Black Lives Matter, Wretched of the Earth, Indigenous Environmental Network, Grassroots Global Justice Alliance and Climate Justice Alliance also emphasises the importance of collective work. After all – the issue of the climate operates along so many axes of oppression, including racism, misogyny, ableism and class – so we need more marginalised voices than ever involved in the conversation.

      http://gal-dem.com/on-individualism-whiteness-and-activist-superstars

      #blancs #noirs #activisme #activisme_climatique

    • La haine contre Greta : voici ceux, avec nom et adresse, qui la financent !

      Il est généralement accepté que les vainqueurs des élections européennes du 26 mai ont été l’extrême droite et les Verts. Et il est aussi généralement accepté qu’aux succès des Verts ont contribué grandement les mobilisations sans précédent d’une jeunesse s’inspirant de la combativité et des thèses radicales de la jeune suédoise Greta Thunberg. En conséquence, il n’est pas surprenant que cette extrême droite choisisse d’attaquer ce qu’elle appelle « le mythe du changement climatique » et surtout, cible de plus en plus son attaque sur la personne de cette Greta Thunberg qui galvanise la jeunesse en Europe et au-delà !

      À la tête de la campagne contre Greta, ponctuée de centaines de textes et de photomontages souvent très vulgaires, il y a trois des plus importants partis européens d’extrême droite : Le Rassemblement National français, le #AFD allemand et l’#UKIP britannique. Et derrière ces partis d’extrême droite et de leur campagne abjecte, deux think-tanks climato-sceptiques conservateurs, le #EIKE (Institut Européen pour le Climat et l’Énergie) et le #CFACT-Europe (Comité pour un Lendemain Créatif), lesquels soutiennent de manière multiforme, et pas seulement avec des « arguments » et des conférences, la négation de la catastrophe climatique par l’extrême droite.

      L’Institut #EIKE, de la bouche de son vice-président, nie évidemment d’avoir le moindre rapport avec AFD, bien que ce vice-président du nom de #Michael_Limburg ait été récemment candidat de ce même... AFD ! Il faut dire que EIKE qui, ensemble avec AFD, a pu organiser des journées climato-sceptique même... à l’intérieur du Parlement allemand, est sorti de l’anonymat grâce à la conférence annuelle qu’il organise depuis des années avec un certain succès, puisqu’elle a pu influencer l’attitude de l’Union européenne au sujet du changement climatique. Cependant, c’est exactement cette conférence annuelle de EIKE qui est coorganisée par deux organisations américaines : Le CFACT-US, lequel finance évidemment sa filiale européenne du même nom. Et surtout, l’#Institut_Heartland, lequel, selon The Economist, « est le think-tank mondialement le plus connu parmi ceux qui défendent le scepticisme au sujet du changement climatique dû à l’homme ».

      C’est exactement à ce moment que les enquêtes et les révélations du Institute of Strategic Dialogue (ISD) britannique et de Greenpeace acquièrent une énorme importance politique car elles mettent en lumière les forces économiques qui sont derrière ceux qui nient la catastrophe climatique, mais aussi derrière le « phénomène » d’une extrême droite européenne (et mondiale) qui monte en flèche. En effet, tant CFACT-US que l’Institut Heartland sont financés plus que généreusement par le très grand capital américain, par #ExxonMobil, la famille #Koch, deuxième plus riche famille nord-américaine qui domine – entre autres – dans le secteur du pétrole, la famille #Mercer qui est aussi un des principaux financeurs du président #Trump, ou même #Microsoft et #RJR_Tobacco ! Il faut noter que Heartland a des antécédents en tant que serviteur des visées inavouables du grand capital, puisqu’il fut jadis l’agent principal de la propagande des géants du tabac qui niaient le rapport existant entre le tabagisme et le cancer. Ce n’est pas donc surprenant qu’à cette époque son principal financeur fut... #Philip_Morris... [1]

      Mais, il ne faut pas croire que l’Institut Heartland est un simple “outil” indolore et incolore dépourvu de ses propres thèses et actions. De ce point de vue, le CV de son nouveau président #Tim_Huelskamp est très éloquent et didactique. Dirigeant du très conservateur #Tea_Party, #Huelskamp s’est distingué comme député (qu’il a été jusqu’à 2017) de l’aile la plus réactionnaire des Républicains et a toujours entretenu des liens étroits avec l’extrême droite américaine. Il est aussi à noter que de tous les députés américains, c’est lui qui, pendant très longtemps, a reçu les plus grandes sommes d’argent de la part des compagnies de combustibles fossiles, et qu’il les a « remerciés » en votant toujours contre toute tentative de légiférer contre leurs intérêts...

      Grâce à un document interne de Heartland, qui a fuité, on a pu apprendre – et en détail – non seulement l’étendue de son financement par le très grand capital (plusieurs millions de dollars), mais aussi l’ « investissement » de ces sommes dans un large éventail d’activités qui vont du paiement des « salaires » à des bloggeurs qui influencent l’opinion publique et des « scientifiques » qui parcourent le monde niant la catastrophe climatique, à l’écriture et la publication du matériel propagandiste qui cible les écoles et leurs élèves. Par exemple, le groupe de « scientifiques » chargé de « contredire » les conclusions des travaux du Groupe d’Experts Intergouvernemental... coûte 300 000 dollars par an, tandis que la propagation de la thèse qui veut que « la question du changement climatique soit controversée et incertaine »... dans les écoles primaires leur coûte 100 000 dollars !

      Nous voici donc devant la révélation d’une réalité qui jette quelque lumière sur quelques-uns des grands « mystères » de notre époque. Tout d’abord, l’extrême droite européenne ou tout au moins quelques-uns de ses poids lourds, entretiennent des liens étroits – s’ils ne sont pas dépendants – avec un centre/état-major politique et économique qui se trouve aux États-Unis, et plus précisément à la Maison Blanche et aux financeurs et autres soutiens du président Trump [2] ! Ensuite, ce n’est pas aussi un hasard que cette « internationale brune » semble être arrivée à la conclusion que la question de la catastrophe climatique et plus précisément, le – plus en plus ample et radical – mouvement de jeunes qui luttent contre elle représentent la plus grande menace pour ses intérêts et pour la domination du système capitaliste dans les années à venir. Et enfin, ce n’est pas également un hasard si cette « internationale brune » et plus précisément sa « section » européenne concentrent aujourd’hui en toute priorité leur attaques sur la personne de Greta Thunberg, l’incontestable égérie, théoricienne et en même temps coordinatrice des mobilisations de jeunes presque partout en Europe et au-delà.

      Voici donc comment se présente actuellement le rapport de l’extrême droite avec le grand capital. Non pas de façon abstraite et dogmatique, mais concrètement, avec des financeurs et financés qui ont non seulement nom et adresse, mais aussi des intérêts tangibles et des « causes » à servir. Cependant, tout ce beau monde ne fait que son boulot. Si la gauche faisait le sien, la situation serait bien différente…

      http://www.cadtm.org/La-haine-contre-Greta-voici-ceux-avec-nom-et-adresse-qui-la-financent

  • La France en danger : où en est le renseignement ?
    Eric Dénécé, Diffusé en direct le 11 sept. 2019
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mx5QlspmmE8

    La France en danger : où en est le renseignement ?

    vers 24:00 Eric Dénécé émet de forts doutes sur l’autonomie de la diplomatie française
    #Macron, #G7, le ministre iranien des Affaires étrangères Mohammad #Javad_Zarif, #John_Bolton.

    Vers 34:50 #Ukraine #CIA
    vers 45:50 #Arabie_Saoudite #Iran
    54 : #Intelligence_économique #Alsthom
    1:09:20 #Affaire_Skripal
    1:11:15 #Yemen
    1:14:50 seule mention de Gaza pour dire que les images sur la #Syrie étaient manipulées, et qu’on montrait à la place les destructions sur #Gaza.
    1:16 frappes chimiques fausses

    Eric dénécé directeur du CF2R : https://www.cf2r.org/#
    Il conseille de lire Le secret de l’Occident : Vers une théorie générale du progrès scientifique de David Cosandey, Flammarion

  • Channel migrants: Two boats found after 86 attempted crossing

    Two boats carrying 21 migrants have been intercepted off the Kent coast after a record 86 made the crossing in one day.

    One man was airlifted to hospital from a dinghy which was carrying 13 people, including three children.

    A second vessel carrying eight men was intercepted and taken to Dover.

    Eighty-six people were detained by Border Force on Tuesday. It is thought to be the highest number of migrants to make the crossing in one day.

    https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-kent-49662172
    #frontières #Angleterre #UK #France #migrations #asile #réfugiés #Manche

    #statistiques #chiffres


    https://twitter.com/ElisaPerrigueur/status/1171873291470016515/photo/1
    #routes_migratoires #parcours_migratoires

  • Avec la libération du réalisateur Oleg Sentsov, le nouveau président ukrainien engrange ses premiers succès
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/110919/avec-la-liberation-du-realisateur-oleg-sentsov-le-nouveau-president-ukrain

    En obtenant un échange de prisonniers, dont le célèbre réalisateur Oleg Sentsov, avec la Russie, le président ukrainien a obtenu une victoire diplomatique. Volodymyr Zelenski met en œuvre une stratégie prudente et, pour l’instant, payante. Même si une partie de la société ukrainienne doute de la possibilité d’une paix réelle avec Moscou et Vladimir Poutine.

    #EUROPE #Ukraine,_Vladimir_Poutine,_Russie,_Oleg_Sentsov,_Emmanuel_Macron

  • For the first time in my life, I’m frightened to be Jewish | openDemocracy
    https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opendemocracyuk/first-time-my-life-im-frightened-be-jewish

    I am 58 years old, and for the first time in my life, I am frightened to be Jewish.

    We live in a time when racism is being normalized, when Nazis parade in the streets in Europe and America; Jew baiters like Hungary’s Orban are treated as respectable players on the international scene, “white nationalist” propagandist Steve Bannon can openly coordinate scare-mongering tactics with Boris Johnson in London at the same time as in Pittsburg, murderers deluded by white nationalist propaganda are literally mowing Jews down with automatic weapons. How is it, then, that our political class has come to a consensus that the greatest threat to Britain’s Jewish community is a lifelong anti-racist accused of not being assiduous enough in disciplining party members who make offensive comments on the internet?

    For almost all my Jewish friends, this is what is currently creating the greatest and most immediate sense of trepidation, even more than the actual Nazis: the apparently endless campaign by politicians like Margaret Hodge, Wes Streeting, and Tom Watson to weaponize antisemitism accusations against the current leadership of the Labour party. It is a campaign – which however it started, has been sustained primarily by people who are not themselves Jewish – so cynical and irresponsible that I genuinely believe it to be a form of antisemitism in itself. And it is a clear and present danger to Jewish people.

    #normalisation #racisme #antisémitisme #inversion #extrême_droite #europe #royaume_uni #Corbyn #états-unis

  • Libération d’Alexandre Koltchenko et d’Oleg Sentsov le 7 septembre 2019 - Fondation Besnard
    http://www.fondation-besnard.org/spip.php?article3346

    Libération d’Alexandre Koltchenko et d’Oleg Sentsov le 7 septembre 2019

    dimanche 8 septembre 2019, par frank

    Libération d’Alexandre Koltchenko et d’Oleg Sentsov le 7 septembre 2019

    Le cinéaste et écrivain Oleg Sentsov, militant du mouvement « Automaïdan » et le postier et étudiant anarchiste Alexandre Koltchenko, ont été arrêtés illégalement par la police russe (puisque tous deux étaient ukrainiens) en mai 2014. Le motif était qu’ils protestaient contre l’occupation et l’annexion de la Crimée et qu’ils appartenaient à un groupe fasciste faisant des attentats. Une accusation absurde puisque ce sont des antifascistes actifs.

    En dépit de ces faits évidents (leur nationalité ukrainienne et leur antifascisme), la justice russe les a considérés comme des Russes de Crimée et des fascistes voulant créer « une organisation terroriste » et de « planification d’attentats ». En août 2015, ils ont été condamnés à 20 (vingt) ans de travaux forcés pour Sentsov et 10 (dix) ans pour Koltchenko. Tous deux ont fait des grèves de la faim pour demander leur libération ainsi que celle d’autres prisonniers ukrainiens en Russie. Sentsov fit une grève de la faim de 165 jours entre le 14 mai 2018 et le 6 octobre 2018, bien relayée par la presse internationale.

    Il faut reconnaître que, Alexandre Koltchenko et Oleg Sentsov et 33 autres prisonniers ukrainiens, ont été échangés contre des Russes incarcérés en Ukraine, dans le cadre des tractations entre les présidents de la Russie et de l’Ukraine.

    Auparavant, tous les appels d’organisations humanitaires, militantes et politiques n’avaient servi à rien.

    Cependant, un appel a entraîné des réactions dignes d’être rappelées : le 14 juin 2018 le parlement européen a adopté une « Résolution sur Sentsov et les autres prisonniers politiques en Russie ».

    33 membres et des groupes de la Gauche unitaire européenne/Gauche verte nordique (GUE/NGL) ont refusé de voter cette résolution.

    Par exemple :
    France insoumise
    Patrick le Hyaric,
    Younous Omarjee,
    Marie-Christine Vergiat,
    Marie-Pierre Vieu

    Podemos
    Xabier Benito Ziluaga
    Tania González Peñas
    Miguel Urbán Crespo
    Lola Sánchez Caldentey
    Estefania Torres Martinez

    Bloco de esquerda
    Marisa Matias

    Alternativa Galega de Esquerda
    Paloma Lopez
    Lidia Senra
    Javier Couso

    Syriza
    Stelios Kouloglou
    Kostadinka Kuneva
    Dimitris Papadimoulis

    Partido Comunista Portugués
    Miguel Viegas
    Joao Pimenta Lopes
    João Ferreira

    L’Altra Europa con Tsipras
    Eleonora Forenza
    Curzio Maltese

    #Koltchenko #Sentsov #Russie #Ukraine #anarchisme #GUE/NGL

  • Je fais appel aux magnifiques seenthisien·nes !

    Je me rappelle d’une #carte, que mon cher copain a prêté à quelqu’un et qui ne lui a jamais été retournée (sic), de #Sarajevo... une carte où on montrait la ville assiégée et les #jardins_potagers qui y étaient cultivés pour survivre...

    La question est la suivante : savez-vous si peut-être je peux retrouver cette carte quelque part ?
    Et autre question : je pense que ce phénomène de transformer les #parcs_urbains en jardins potagers lors de moments de crises n’est pas une spécialité de Sarajevo... Avez-vous d’autres exemples ? Dans d’autres lieux et/ou d’autres époques ?

    Merci !

    #alimentation #guerre #jardinage

    @simplicissimus @reka @odilon @fil

    • Je n’ai pas le temps de chercher @cdb_77 mais j’ai en tête des cas de sécheresse sévère où les éleveurs sont tentés d’emmener leurs troupeaux dans les parcs protégés pour qu’ils puissent s’alimenter. C’était l’an passé, au Kenya je crois, mais je ne sais pas s’ils ont obtenu satisfaction. Et en France aussi, certains éleveurs avaient exprimé une demande dans ce sens. Peut-être peut faire une recherche sur cette base.

    • Dans pas mal de villes, les interstices ont été utilisés pour une agriculture de subsistance. Marion Ernwein saura peut-être te donner des exemples. Baltimore et Detroit,...
      Pour la carte de Sarajevo, peut-être que Béatrice Tratnjek, qui a pas mal bossé sur la géo de la ville en guerre dans les Balkans, pourra t’aider ? http://geographie-ville-en-guerre.blogspot.com

      Régis.

    • Je ne sais pas s’il y a un rapport mais c’est intéressant :
      Inside London’s first underground farm | The Independent
      https://www.independent.co.uk/Business/indyventure/growing-underground-london-farm-food-waste-first-food-miles-a7562151.

      At a time when UK supermarkets haven taken to rationing vegetables as a result of a poor harvest in Southern Europe, one green-fingered duo have found a new solution to the healthy-eating problem: Grow your own greens, deep down below the City of London.

      If you get off the tube at Clapham Common and then step into a cage-like lift that takes you about 100ft below the bustling streets of South London, you’ll find yourself in Growing Underground, an urban farm, housed in a network of dark and dingy tunnels originally built as air-raid shelters during World War II.

    • A #Lisbonne, les parcs deviennent des #potagers_urbains

      A Lisbonne, la municipalité a réagi à la #crise en faisant le pari que l’agriculture urbaine pouvait avoir un rôle social. Des hectares d’espaces verts sont devenus des potagers urbains, et les parcelles attribuées sur critères sociaux à 500 familles. Une façon d’augmenter leurs revenus, tout en améliorant la résilience de la ville et en répondant au changement climatique.

      Et si l’agriculture urbaine pouvait avoir un rôle social ? C’est le pari qu’a fait la mairie de Lisbonne. Car avec la crise, « les gens quittaient la ville et la qualité de vie baissait », observe Duarte Mata, architecte et conseiller auprès du maire en espaces verts et développement durable.

      Depuis 2008, la municipalité a décidé de revoir son approche. Au programme : jardins, vergers et potagers urbains, parcs, corridors verts et pistes cyclables pour relier tous ces espaces de respiration.

      Sur 32 hectares d’espaces verts, 7 sont devenus des potagers ou des jardins urbains. Des parcelles de 50 mètres carrés pour les plus petites, 1500 mètres carrés pour les plus grandes, ont été attribuées à 500 familles. Le but est de doubler ce chiffre d’ici 2017.

      Compléter les revenus, améliorer l’alimentation

      Les plus grandes parcelles sont distribuées en priorité aux chômeurs ou personnes habitant des logements sociaux. « Elles ont vraiment un rôle social, insiste Duarte Mata. Elles permettent de compléter des revenus insuffisants et d’améliorer la qualité de l’alimentation de la famille. »

      Mais cela a aussi transformé le visage de la ville. Les pelouses vertes laissent peu à peu place à des jardins riches en biodiversité. Les occupants de parcelles ont l’obligation de laisser le passage aux promeneurs dans les allées. « Les parcs ont désormais plusieurs fonctions : récréative, mais aussi de production alimentaire, se félicite l’architecte. Et la présence de personnes dans les jardins crée un sentiment de sécurité pour tous. »

      Forte de ce succès, la ville est donc en train d’augmenter la surface des parcs, tout en diminuant les coûts d’entretien. Plus besoin d’arroser les pelouses tout l’été pour les garder bien vertes, ou d’arroser d’herbicides les allées. « Désormais, ce sont les citoyens qui s’occupent des parcs », se réjouit Duarte Mata. Des formations à l’agriculture biologique sont même proposées aux heureux occupants de parcelles.
      Faire face aux pénuries alimentaires et au changement climatique

      De quoi créer une ville plus verte, mais aussi plus résiliente. C’est ce que souligne un article des Centres de ressource en agriculture urbaine, qui résume le plan stratégique d’Agriculture urbaine de la capitale portugaise :

      « Ce plan souligne combien l’agriculture urbaine est importante pour une ville, principalement à cause de sa dépendance aux légumes frais, de la montée des cours internationaux, et du revenu supplémentaire que cela apporte aux familles. Un autre facteur (…) est que cela permet de faire face aux éventuelles pénuries alimentaires. (…) Vous ne savez jamais ce qui peut arriver – événements soudains, catastrophes naturelles ou guerres (…). Par exemple, Lisbonne est située dans une région sismique et subit fréquemment des tremblements de terre, dont un en 1755 qui fût l’un des pires de l’histoire humaine. »

      Résilience, et donc également adaptation au changement climatique. « Chaque année les pluies sont plus intenses, nous avons eu cinq inondations rien que cet hiver », souligne Duarte Mata. Les sols cultivés permettent d’absorber le trop plein d’eau et d’atténuer les conséquences des fortes averses. L’été, les jardins permettent à l’inverse de lutter contre les vagues de chaleur, elles aussi de plus en plus fréquentes.

      Lisbonne n’a donc pas l’intention de s’arrêter en si bon chemin. Trois hectares de vigne, situés dans la ville, sont entretenus par un vigneron de la région. « C’est beau, c’est agréable pour la population, et cela permet à la mairie de produire du vin de la ville », explique le conseiller.

      Mais surtout, d’ici un an c’est carrément une ferme urbaine qui devrait voir le jour. Six hectares de maraîchage seront consacrés à la formation des chômeurs. La production sera vendue sur le marché local.

      De quoi transformer le paysage social de la ville, mais aussi de « faire vivre les gens au rythme des saisons, de la nature », espère l’architecte.

      https://reporterre.net/A-Lisbonne-les-parcs-deviennent
      #agriculture_urbaine

    • Benjamin Vanderlick sur FB:

      je trouve une photo de terrasse potager à Sarajevo pendant le siège (mais n’ai pas de connaissance de carte qui les mentionnait). On a eu assez peu de sièges aussi long ces derniers temps pour qu’une agriculture urbaine s’organise au niveau urbain. Au moment de la 2e Guerre mondiale, il j’ai aussi eu des témoignages d’augmentation de surfaces cultivés dans les jardins, peut être même que cela était l’occasion de faire aussi un peu de business quand les revenus avaient chutés


      https://www.facebook.com/cristina.delbiaggio/posts/10156091823775938?comment_id=10156091876300938

    • Damascus Residents Build Gardens To Feed Themselves

      Disease and malnutrition run rampant and food is scarce in many rebel-held areas blockaded by the Syrian government.

      Green rooftops are popping up across Damascus in neighborhoods under government siege. With no sign of the blockade letting up and no available agricultural land, residents in the rebel-held areas of the capital are making use of open roofs, sunlight and seeds to feed their families

      Rebel-held areas on the outskirts of Damascus have endured more than two years of government blockades aimed at making them surrender or face the prospect of starvation. Disease and malnutrition run rampant and food is scarce.

      Like in many other such areas across the country, some residents of these besieged areas have mustered the will and energy to adapt and survive, often in ingeniously creative ways.

      Notably, rooftop gardens are popping up across the towns that are allowing people to find new ways of feeding themselves and their families. Green patches now dot the rooftops of southern Damascus neighborhoods like Yelda, Babila and Beit Sahem, areas of the capital that have been under government-imposed siege for nearly 24 months.

      https://www.huffpost.com/entry/syria-war-garden_n_567481a2e4b0b958f656c7f9

      #Syrie #Damas

    • "They tried to bury us, but they didn’t know we were SEEDS"

      The 15th Garden, a cross-border movement for food sovereignty in Syria

      Report of two presentations about “The 15th Garden” by Ansar Hevi. This report combines the presentation and discussions during a workshop at Reclaim the Seeds in Nijmegen on March 4 and a meeting in Amsterdam on March 6 2017.

      Ansar Hevi shared with us her story about the 15th Garden, a beautiful, inspiring project for food sovereignty in Syria, where people show their strength via self-organization in a country in war. “In order to understand this project, we have to understand what is happening in Syria”.

      Ansar showed a map of Syria - not one with occupied areas, which we always see in the news - but showing the agricultural produce. Based on this map the political situation and start of the was in Syria was explained. The media in Europe write about the violence and cruelties, but meanwhile the life goes on and so does the revolution. We were the first to watch the latest movie Field of Battle by Abou Naddara where we see farmers continuing their everyday work on the field, with the sounds of war - bombs and gunshots - close by. “They have to, because they are the ones who feed the people. If they stop farming, their community has no food.” and “Farming is about long term planning. Your work for the next 6 month.” Ansar explained how food is used as a weapon. But, as always, there is resistance from the people. She shows a picture from the south of Damascus which states: “One day we will blast the soil open with flowers. The Revolution continues.”

      In 2011, the uprising started in the countryside. On the 15th of March there was a demonstration in Damascus in solidarity with the people in Egypt. On the 18th of March, there were also demonstrations in the south. People were angry at the police. Children had sprayed graffiti on the walls of their schools with sentences they’d seen in Egypt. These children were taken away, tortured. Their parents protested and screamed hopelessly, but the governor told them: “Go home, and make new children.”

      It is remarkable that this were often regions were the Baath party from Assads father had been popular in the past because land reforms of this regime that was relatively socialistic in the ’70s. People had free health insurance, free education etc., but no political rights whatsoever. The government employed half of the working class. But in the meantime there were 17 secret services to control the population and each other. Also the agriculture sector was controlled by the state which is one of the reasons that it is so hard right now to start up local and an independent food production.

      Since the 1990s, Syria had become more and more liberal economically. There was a dictatorship with neo-liberal policies that aligned with the bourgeoisie elites of the country. Because of reduced financial support from abroad the regime had to reduce its expenses. This resulted in the dismantling of the social system. Still, Syria was food sovereign, but farmers had to produce more export, water-intense crops instead of food for the own population. Up until 2011, agriculture was the most important pillar of the economy with 27% of the GDP (in comparison with the industry, only 7% of the GDP). Before 2011, roughly 37% of the country was used for agriculture.

      But after the uprising in the countryside in 2011, everything changed. From the beginning food has been used as weapon to control the people. Around the first besieged cities the agricultural land was ruined. The army of Assad wrote on the walls “Starve or go down on your knees”. They started to undertake all kinds of methods to starve people and make them surrender. Food is used as weapon in various ways:

      – bakeries are bombed;
      – people in prison are starved;
      – fields are burned, right before harvest time;
      – seed banks are bombed, which makes many varieties, adapted to that specific climate over thousands of years, lost for ever;
      – agricultural fields around Kobani are mined;
      – fruit trees are cut and burned;
      – urban and rural communities are sieged;
      – ’policy of scorched earth’: the army goes to an area, burns the soil and forbids access to the area.

      In this way, farmers have been pushed to the cities more and more. They are unable to leave the city, and so they have no other option than to start urban city farms, often on a roof. “If you’re lucky, you have a taller building next to you, so you are protected against gunfire.” Syrians are proud people. “They don’t want to be objects of development aid - they want to be in charge of their own lives: that is food sovereignty.” In besieged areas, people even exchange their car for a kilo of rice.

      People do anything to obtain seeds, which they can sow in their (urban) gardens. These seeds have to be open pollinated seeds, so that the people can save more seeds for the next planting period.

      While the news is extensively covering the international refugee crisis, there is less attention to the people who remain in Syria, many of whom are living under siege. With their cities under attack, it can be extremely difficult to get basic necessities, like food and fresh products. The short movie ’Love during the siege’ gives a good impression of the life in a besieged neighbourhood.

      The 15th Garden is bringing life and vivacity back to these war-torn cities across Syria. It supports locals starting gardens in empty lots, teaching them skills, and provides assistance to existing urban and rural farms. Two main goals of 15th Garden is to get food to those trapped in cities while raising awareness about food sovereignty.

      In Europe the 15th Garden still has to explain people about the cruel situation in Syria. There is a lot of attention for IS. “But there is an important difference between IS and regime: IS is proud about their cruelties while the regime is hiding it. In the past years many more people have been killed and injured by the regime.” There are about 50 communities besieged by the regime and 2 by IS, in one case even together with the regime.

      One major obstacle has been the acquisition of seeds to get the garden projects started. The regime has always been centralised the distribution of seeds; farmers had to hand in their harvest and received new seeds the next season. And obviously the war situation and sieges made it even harder to get access the right seeds.

      Another problem at the start was the lack of knowledge. Many people in the urban areas didn’t know how to grow food. And this resulted in some disappointments as well. To spread the knowledge and to educate gardeners people in Syria publish and distribute newspapers, add tutorial on Youtube and use the radio to reach people.

      Ansar: “It’s beautiful to see the creativity of people, their passion, their will to make it work, and they manage!” Currently, the 15th Garden is also thinking on setting up ways to teach farmers to make and repair their own tools and machines. There are still many challenges, everybody in the network wants food sovereignty, during and after the war: decide about what you want to eat. access to land and to seeds.
      Support the 15th Garden

      In Amsterdam the presentation resulted in a talk about how people in the Netherlands can help and contribute to the network. Some ideas that have been mentioned:

      – Collect seeds to send to Syria. It is important to collect the right seeds: open pollinated, from crops that do grow in the Syrian climate and soil, preferably crops that people like to grow. It is better to have larger quantities of a few good crop than many small bags of many different crops. It would be best to organise the packaging and transport of the seeds before we start to collect them.

      – Help with the production of tutorials for the Syrian gardeners. A lot of info has already been shared on Youtube. There are still some topics uncovered.
      Similar support is also organised for other professions like fire fighters and doctors.

      – Spread the critical news about Syria. Also in the Netherlands people see the IS as the main problem in Syria while many more people are killed by the Assad regime. It would be good to spread the message that also Assad has to go to make peace possible. This can be done by contacting the media but as well by organising solidarity protests in the streets when something happened (again) in Syria and join Syrian protests in the cities in the Netherlands.
      At the meeting in Amsterdam there were as well people who could help with awareness programmes for schools or raise the topic within Syrian women organisations.

      – Raise money for the 15th Garden network. The network is doing a lot of good work but for some of their activities they need some money. A fundraiser can go well together with spreading information about the continuous struggle and revolution in Syria. This could for example be done by organising a benefit dinner. It is already possible to donate. Transfer money to:

      Bassateen e.V.
      IBAN: DE27 4306 0967 1182 7353 00 / BIC: GENODEM1GLS / GLS Bank
      (It is a German bank account. So it could be the case that there will be charges for international charges. Please check this with your bank!)

      – Invite Syrian refugees (and other refugees) to your existing garden project or start a new project with refugees. There are concrete plans to do this at a garden project at a refugees centre at the former Bijlmer Bajes.

      Please contact 15thgarden-nl@aseed.net if you would like to help with one of those ideas or if you have another idea to support the 15th Garden in the Netherlands.

      https://www.reclaimtheseeds.nl/rts2017-15th-garden-syria.htm

    • Dig for Victory! New histories of wartime gardening in Britain

      Prompted by the curious fact that both progressive environmentalists and Conservative Party politicians have recently drawn on popular understandings of austerity associated with Britain?s wartime domestic gardening campaign, this article broadens the range of histories associated with #Dig_for_Victory. It suggests firstly that far from simply encouraging self-sufficiency, the government conceptualised Dig for Victory as requiring the extension of order and control into the domestic sphere. Second, it shows how the ideal figure of a national citizen digging for victory elided differentiated gender and class experiences of gardening, and finally the article demonstrates that statistics of food production were more about fostering trust than picturing the realities of vegetable growing. By so doing the paper illuminates the particular ways in which present-day articulations of Dig for Victory?s history are partial and selective.

      https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305748812000230

      #UK #Angleterre

    • The kitchen garden movement on the Soviet home front, 1941–1945

      During World War II, Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union had thriving domestic gardening movements. Actively promoted by their governments, gardening was supposed to supplement diets and nourish the patriotic spirit. In the Soviet Union, however, gardening was much more than a patriotic duty; it was often a matter of survival, the primary means of supplementing near starvation bread rations. Amidst incomparable, catastrophic wartime conditions, the huge Soviet gardening movement was distinguished by the speed with which it was implemented and taken up, predominantly by women. Based on original archival and published sources, this article examines in depth the Soviet wartime legislative framework, material resources and propaganda that promoted individual kitchen gardens. The article analyzes the way the state organized and promoted individualist, small-scale urban horticulture – a politically risky initiative given that it conflicted with the Stalinist model of large-scale, industrialized agriculture – and argues that in promoting gardening self-sufficiency, the Soviet socialist state shifted much of its responsibilities for food production onto its citizenry. The article not only aims to shed new light on the crucial role gardening played in feeding a famished citizenry but also the distinctive way in which Soviet propaganda, in giving voice to the psychological satisfaction of gardening, tapped into women’s commitments to the family, in intimate alignment with patriotic, home front defence of the Soviet Motherland.

      https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305748818301324
      #Union_soviétique

  • ’Where do I go ?’ EU citizens face legal limbo after decades in Britain

    Anna Amato was just two when she moved to Britain from Italy with her parents 55 years ago.

    She has lived in Britain ever since, attending school and university, working in a variety of jobs, and paying taxes. She has always lived in the city of Bristol in the west of England, marrying a British husband and raising two British children.

    Like thousands of European Union nationals who have made Britain their home after living in the country for decades, Amato always assumed she had earned the legal right to settle permanently.

    But the government didn’t agree. The interior ministry rejected her request for permanent residency last year, saying she did not have enough evidence to document her status.

    She was devastated.

    “You are in your country, it is a democracy, all of a sudden you are told after this time no one knows what is going to happen to you,” Amato, 57, told Reuters. “Where do I go? It is really, really scary.”

    Amato is one of a growing number of EU nationals denied the right to live indefinitely in Britain ahead of the country’s departure from the bloc, currently scheduled for October 31.

    For decades, Britain’s membership of the EU has guaranteed the bloc’s citizens the right to live and work in the country. But as Britain prepares to sever ties with Brussels after 46 years, EU citizens must apply for a new legal lifeline to remain, known as settled status.

    Under the government’s plans, EU citizens who can prove they have lived continuously in Britain for five years will be granted settled status, giving them the same rights to work, study and benefits they currently hold.

    But Reuters has spoken to six EU nationals, including a top French chef, who have been refused settled status, even though they should automatically qualify through continuous residency.

    Many EU nationals are concerned they could lose the right to free healthcare or employment. Others are worried about how they will prove they have the right to return if they travel abroad.

    The fate of EU migrants has been thrown further into confusion by the government’s announcement this month that their automatic right to live and work in Britain will end abruptly - and sooner than expected - in the event of a no-deal Brexit.
    ‘SO INSULTING’

    The problems facing EU nationals asked to suddenly prove their status mirrors the Windrush scandal, in which British citizens of Caribbean origin were denied rights despite living lawfully in the country for decades. Some lost jobs, others were wrongly deported.

    Virendra Sharma, a lawmaker in the opposition Labour Party and a supporter of the pro-EU Best for Britain campaign group, said Amato’s case was a sign the government is ill-prepared for such a drastic overhaul of the immigration system.

    “Anna’s story is a tragic one,” he said. “How can somebody who has given so much of their life to the UK, who went to school here and got married here, have their existence in this country wiped? I think most people would say that can’t be right.”

    Amato, who speaks with a soft Bristol accent, began trying to unravel her immigration status in 2017. It was a year after Britain voted to leave the EU and the government was promising to tighten immigration rules for the bloc’s citizens. She spent about three months compiling documents to apply for settled status. They included tax returns, bank statements, her qualifications and social security number, known in Britain as a national insurance number.

    In a career spanning almost 40 years, Amato ran a pizza takeaway for almost 20 years and also worked as a personal assistant and counsellor. Amato, who says she’s apolitical, estimates she has paid more than half a million pounds ($615,000) in taxes.

    By the time she had finished collecting documents she filled a box, which was so heavy it cost her 35 pounds to post.

    But the interior ministry refused her application saying she had “failed to show you have a permanent right of residence in the UK,” according to a letter seen by Reuters.

    Amato then made a series of frantic calls to the ministry and sent almost a dozen emails complaining there had been a mistake. The government so far refused to change its decision.

    In one email which particularly riles Amato, a government official told her she had failed to prove herself as, “a qualified person either as a worker, a self-employed person, a student, a jobseeker, or a self-sufficient person”. “It is so insulting,” she said, wiping away tears. “You know we all need a basic need to feel a sense of belonging, wherever we are.”

    “All of a sudden, they snatch it away from you. You become unstable. It gives you anxiety, stress, you know it affects every aspect of your life. It is so upsetting,” she said.

    The interior ministry said Amato had not reapplied under its EU Settlement Scheme and that it had told her where to get assistance with the process.

    The government launched its EU Settlement Scheme for registering EU citizens in January this year.
    ‘PAINFUL AND EMBARRASSING’

    The status of British and EU nationals living in each other’s territories has been one of the most important issues in Brexit talks, which have dragged on for the past three years.

    Both sides have promised to ensure settled citizens do not lose any rights.

    In his first statement to parliament after becoming prime minister in July, Boris Johnson said he wanted to thank EU citizens living in Britain for their contribution and promised to ensure they could remain after Brexit.

    But Daniel Hannan, a prominent Brexit supporter and Conservative lawmaker in the European Parliament, has called on the government to do more, saying he had been contacted by EU nationals in his constituency denied long-term residency.

    “This is a breach of the assurances I and other Leavers gave during the referendum,” he said. “Please help sort this out.”

    Until recently, the government had been advising the estimated 3.5 million EU citizens living in Britain that they had until December 2020 to register to retain their rights. So far, only about 1 million people have applied.

    Richard Bertinet, a renowned French chef who has lived in Britain for the past 31 years, was denied settled status after applying earlier this month with the help of his British wife, a former lawyer.

    Bertinet, who has written two award-winning cookbooks, appeared on cookery television programmes and set up a bakery that supplies upmarket supermarket chain Waitrose, said he had only been granted pre-settled status.

    The ministry gave him the right to stay until 2024, when he will need to reapply for settled status.

    “It is painful and embarrassing,” he told Reuters. “I have spent more time in my life in this country than in France.”

    Bertinet said he fears more for vulnerable people, such as those who speak poor English or the elderly.

    “There are going to be a lot of tears for a lot of people.”

    The interior ministry said in response to a request for comment that it has been in touch with Bertinet to help him provide evidence to be granted settled status.But others may not be so fortunate. It can be particularly difficult to prove residency for stay-at-home parents or carers even if they have lived in Britain for years.

    Amato says she is not sure she will apply again to confirm her residency status - and will just deal with the consequences.

    She could apply for citizenship through her British husband. But she’s offended by the idea of having to sit an English and history test and paying more than a thousand pounds to get citizenship after living in Britain for over half a century.

    “I resent the fact I have to apply for settlement in my own country. If I apply again, I am enabling the system,” she said. “What is next? A badge, branding?”

    Amato says her Italian father, who had dementia in later life and died in March, would be upset at how EU migrants are being treated. He moved his family to Britain to work in a factory making washing machines in 1964, a time when Britain was looking abroad for workers.

    “He loved the UK because he thought it was a fair and decent nation. He was proud to be here,” she said. “I feel betrayed.”

    https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-eu-immigration-insight/where-do-i-go-eu-citizens-face-legal-limbo-after-decades-in-britain-idUK
    #citoyens_européens #UK #Angleterre #limbe #limbe_législatif #brexit

    Ajouté à la métaliste sur les conséquences du Brexit sur les citoyens européens vivant en UK :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/784126

    • How EU families in Britain are coping with Brexit uncertainty

      Mirela left Croatia in 1991 because of the civil war in Yugoslavia. Her husband Frank grew up in the Republic of Ireland. Both are worried Brexit has left a deep scar through British society, one that it will take years to heal. They also worry about the impact of Brexit on their mixed-nationality families and how to mitigate it.

      “It is a smart option to get as many passports as you can,” Mirela, who holds a passport from the newest EU member state, Croatia, told our team. For Frank, an Irish national, his Republic of Ireland passport is the best to have under current circumstances due to the additional arrangements between the Republic of Ireland and the UK regarding the status of their citizens.

      Mirela, who has seen how quickly a country can implode and how rapidly the value of a passport can change, is not persuaded. “Things can change quickly,” She says.

      These comments are a snapshot of the many, often animated and tense, conversations EU families have had since June 2016.

      Boris Johnson, the British prime minister, recently said the chances of a Brexit deal are now “touch and go”, having previously said the odds of a no-deal Brexit were “a million to one”. This has reopened the debate around the protections provided by the “EU settled status” arrangement, further igniting EU citizens’ anxieties and moving more people towards applying for a British passport via naturalisation.

      The latest Home Office immigration statistics released in August show that since March 2019, when the scheme was officially launched after a pilot phase, more than a million EU nationals have applied for “EU settled status” which allows them to continue living in the UK after Brexit.

      Data also reveal that the share of British citizenship applications by EU nationals has increased from 4% in 2007 to 30% in June 2019. At the time of the 2016 EU referendum, applications by EU citizens accounted for 12% of the total.

      Our study – EU families and Eurochildren in Brexiting Britain – shows that for some EU citizens, the result of the EU referendum has meant a sudden and even shocking realisation of the fragility of their legal position in the UK. Others, instead, had already encountered the UK government’s “hostile environment” and experienced being at the receiving end of the virulent anti-immigration rhetoric of some British newspapers.

      Indeed, research shows that Polish and other Central and Eastern EU nationals in the UK have felt negatively targeted by British populist media since much before the June 2016 EU referendum. This might explain why, similarly to Romanian citizens, they began to apply in sizeable numbers for British citizenship even before the referendum and are currently the two main countries of origin of citizenship applicants, followed by Italians, Germans and French.

      Given the above, it’s unsurprising, therefore, that while the increase in applications for British citizenship from citizens of so-called “old member states” (EU14) (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden) has been steeper since June 2016, the increase among citizens of “new member states” – divided into EU8 (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia) and EU2 (Romania, Bulgaria), according to their date of accession to the EU – began earlier.

      In 2013, 47% of all British citizenship applications by EU citizens came from EU8 nationals, 27% from EU2 nationals, and 25% from EU14 nationals. By contrast, in 2019, EU14 citizens accounted for 51% of all EU applications, with the EU8 accounting for 30%, and the EU2 18%.

      Newspaper reports often take this as evidence of EU nationals racing to secure their status in the UK. But there are an estimated 3.7m EU nationals in the UK, and only one third has so far applied for settled status and 130,000 for citizenship since the EU referendum.

      Our findings have highlighted how some EU citizens, particularly children, risk falling through the cracks of the settled status registration process and, as a consequence, may encounter insurmountable obstacles to later accessing citizenship.
      A hard decision

      There are a range of economic, social and legal considerations, including fees, eligibility restrictions, and the right to dual nationality that may preclude EU nationals from applying for citizenship. We also found that for those in the position to do it, it is rarely a decision that is taken lightly. Many going through the process feel like the decision has been forced upon them by circumstances, and ultimately decided to apply with family and the future of their children at the forefront of their minds.

      Family composition, in terms of the countries of birth of both parents and children, also plays a role in the decision-making process. We found that in mixed nationality families, including those with a UK-born partner, leaving the UK and “going home” is a rarely a realistic option and that naturalisation becomes the only viable way of keeping the family safe and together.

      We also found that attitudes towards naturalisation vary significantly among EU nationals. Better off and more educated EU nationals, for example, are more reluctant to apply to become British, on ideological and political grounds. Among EU14 nationals this response to naturalisation was more frequent.

      Others, like Mirela, take a more pragmatic approach to acquiring a British passport, particularly those who have previously experienced the constraints and difficulties of visa restrictions and come from countries with lower trust in state institutions and the rule of law (for example, Romania and Bulgaria).

      The outcome of the EU referendum is tearing some EU families apart, uprooting children and parents, spreading them across borders, and forcing families to reconsider their future in the UK. Under these circumstances, becoming a British citizen is often a defensive move – for those who can afford the £1,349 per person application fee – and a way for them to “take back control” over their lives after years of uncertainty.

      https://theconversation.com/how-eu-families-in-britain-are-coping-with-brexit-uncertainty-12265

  • ALL FOR THE CAUSE
    https://anthraxuk.bandcamp.com

    rape murder - Lost Cherrees
    https://anthraxuk.bandcamp.com/track/rape-murder

    visible women - Hagar the womb
    https://anthraxuk.bandcamp.com/track/visible-women

    pig - Sanction this
    https://anthraxuk.bandcamp.com/track/pig

    welcome - Anthrax
    https://anthraxuk.bandcamp.com/track/welcome

    Welcome
    Welcome to the age of greed
    With its overwhelming need
    To rob and to steal
    And to take more than your fill
    To slash and to burn
    To the point of no return
    To blame and to hate
    As you fucked your own fate

    Welcome to the age of selfishness
    Welcome to the age of fear
    Welcome to the age of control
    Welcome as we dig our own hole

    BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH FOR CAUSE IT MIGHT COME TRUE.
WELCOME TO REALITY, IT’S WAITING FOR YOU.
WELCOME TO THE OUTLOOK FOR OUR MOTHERLAND.
FUTURE GENERATIONS DEALT THE LOSING HAND.
    Welcome to a world that hangs in doubt
    As capitalism crumbles and the lights go out
    As the insecurities take hold
    And all that you fear starts to unfold

    Welcome to the age of vulnerability
    Welcome to the age of fear
    Welcome to the age of control
    Welcome as we dig our own hole

    BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH FOR CAUSE IT MIGHT COME TRUE.
WELCOME TO REALITY, IT’S WAITING FOR YOU.
WELCOME TO THE OUTLOOK FOR OUR MOTHERLAND.
FUTURE GENERATIONS DEALT THE LOSING HAND.

    Welcome to a planet that no longer can sustain
    Resources Stripped bear time and time again
    No lessons learnt just love lost
    On bended knees seeking mercy from a cross

    Welcome to the age of hypocrisy
    Welcome to the age of fear
    Welcome to the age of control
    Welcome as we dig our own hole

    ALL FOR THE CAUSE, paru le 21 novembre 2012 - ANTHRAX
    http://www.anthraxukoffical.com/anthraxukoffical.com/ANTHRAX.html
    #punk #riot-girrl #bandcamp #anthrax #UK