#vulnerablite

  • Labour migration: Global labour migration increases by five million
    https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_808884/lang--en/index.htm

    Global labour migration increases by five million
    GENEVA (ILO News) – The number of international migrant workers globally has risen to 169 million, a rise of three per cent since 2017, according to the latest estimates from the International Labour Organization (ILO). The share of youth migrant workers (aged 15-24) has also increased, by almost 2 per cent, or 3.2 million, since 2017. Their number reached 16.8 million in 2019.The new report, ILO Global Estimates on International Migrant Workers: Results and Methodology , shows that in 2019, international migrant workers constituted nearly five per cent of the global labour force, making them an integral part of the world economy.Yet many migrant workers are often in temporary, informal or unprotected jobs, which expose them to a greater risk of insecurity, layoffs and worsening working conditions. The COVID-19 crisis has intensified these vulnerabilities, particularly for women migrant workers, as they are over-represented in low-paid and low-skilled jobs and have limited access to social protection and fewer options for support services.“The pandemic has exposed the precariousness of their situation. Migrant workers are often first to be laid-off, they experience difficulties in accessing treatment and they are often excluded from national COVID-19 policy responses,” said Manuela Tomei, Director of the ILO Conditions of Work and Equality Department.
    High-income countries continue to absorb the majority of migrant workers
    More than two-thirds of international migrant workers are concentrated in high-income countries. Of the 169 million international migrant workers, 63.8 million (37.7 per cent) are in Europe and Central Asia. Another 43.3 million (25.6 per cent) are in the Americas. Hence, collectively, Europe and Central Asia and the Americas host 63.3 per cent of all migrant workers.
    The Arab States, and Asia and the Pacific each host about 24 million migrant workers, which, in total, correspond to 28.5 per cent of all migrant workers. In Africa there are 13.7 million migrant workers, representing 8.1 per cent of the total.The majority of migrant workers – 99 million – are men, while 70 million are women.
    Women face more socio-economic obstacles as migrant workers and are more likely to migrate as accompanying family members for reasons other than finding work. They can experience gender discrimination in employment and may lack networks, making it difficult to reconcile work and family life in a foreign country.The share of youth among international migrant workers has increased, from 8.3 per cent in 2017 to 10.0 per cent in 2019. This increase is likely to be related to high youth unemployment rates in many developing countries. The large majority of migrant workers (86.5 per cent) remain prime-age adults (aged 25–64).
    In many regions international migrant workers account for an important share of the labour force, making vital contributions to their destination countries’ societies and economies, and delivering essential jobs in critical sectors like health care, transportation, services, agriculture and food processing.According to the report, 66.2 per cent of migrant workers are in services, 26.7 per cent in industry and 7.1 per cent in agriculture. However, substantial gender differences exist between the sectors: There is a higher representation of women migrant workers in services, which may be partly explained by a growing labour demand for care workers, including in health and domestic work. Men migrant workers are more present in industry.
    “Labour migration policies will be effective only if they are based on strong statistical evidence. This report offers sound estimations, based on robust methods and reliable data integrating harmonized complementary sources,” said Rafael Diez de Medina, Chief Statistician and Director of the ILO Department of Statistics. “These policies can then help countries respond to shifts in labour supply and demand, stimulate innovation and sustainable development, and transfer and update skills.”

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#sante#economie#transfert#developpementdurable#vulnerablite#travailleurmigrant#genre

  • HCR - Le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés préconise la création d’un mécanisme régional pour faire face aux déplacements sans précédent au Mexique et en Amérique centrale
    https://www.unhcr.org/fr-fr/news/press/2021/12/61a9e616a/haut-commissaire-nations-unies-refugies-preconise-creation-dun-mecanisme.html

    Le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés préconise la création d’un mécanisme régional pour faire face aux déplacements sans précédent au Mexique et en Amérique centrale
    GENÈVE – Le Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, a conclu une visite de dix jours au Mexique, au Salvador et au Guatemala par un appel sans équivoque en faveur de la mise en place d’un mécanisme régional qui permettrait de renforcer, de coordonner et de créer des synergies entre les différents programmes, politiques et initiatives visant à faire face à l’ampleur et à la complexité sans précédent qui caractérisent les mouvements de population au Mexique et en Amérique centrale. « Plutôt que d’ériger des murs pour retenir les gens, nous devrions plutôt aider ceux qui se déplacent à rester chez eux en créant les conditions nécessaires pour qu’ils n’aient pas besoin de partir et que ceux qui doivent s’enfuir trouvent ce dont ils ont besoin plus près de chez eux », a expliqué Filippo Grandi. « Ce dont nous avons besoin, c’est d’un mécanisme régional pour générer des synergies entre les différents programmes, alliances, plateformes et forums existants qui tentent de s’attaquer aux causes structurelles de la mobilité humaine et de trouver des solutions. »
    Le déplacement de près d’un million de personnes au Mexique et en Amérique centrale est dû à un certain nombre de facteurs économiques, sociaux et humanitaires interconnectés, notamment le manque d’opportunités, l’insécurité causée par les gangs et le crime organisé, les ravages de la pandémie de Covid-19 et les effets du changement climatique. En outre, les migrants et les demandeurs d’asile venant de plus loin au sud et des Caraïbes transitent de plus en plus par l’Amérique centrale. Cette année, plus de 100 000 hommes, femmes et enfants ont entrepris la traversée de la jungle du Darien entre la Colombie et le Panama, tandis qu’au cours des six premiers mois de 2021, le Mexique a reçu le troisième plus grand nombre de demandes d’asile au monde. « Le Mexique et le Guatemala ne sont pas seulement des lieux de transit, mais de plus en plus des pays où les réfugiés et les migrants trouvent la sécurité et un accès à des opportunités », a déclaré Filippo Grandi. « Dans ces deux pays, j’ai vu de nombreuses manifestations de générosité, un accueil chaleureux et de véritables efforts pour intégrer les réfugiés dans le tissu social et économique. J’ai également rencontré de nombreux réfugiés qui sont heureux de travailler, d’étudier et de contribuer de différentes manières au bien-être de leurs communautés d’accueil ». Le HCR collabore avec les gouvernements, la société civile et d’autres partenaires pour renforcer les systèmes d’asile au Mexique, au Guatemala et dans d’autres pays d’Amérique centrale, et plaide pour des alternatives migratoires en faveur de ceux qui en ont besoin. De nombreuses personnes déracinées par la violence dans la région ne franchissent pas de frontières internationales mais restent dans leur propre pays. Au cours de sa visite, le Haut Commissaire a pu constater les efforts déployés par le Salvador pour renforcer sa législation, ses politiques publiques et ses programmes afin de répondre aux besoins de protection, de services et d’assistance pour les personnes déplacées à l’intérieur du pays. Le mardi 30 novembre, le Haut Commissaire a participé à la 4e réunion annuelle du Cadre régional de protection et de solutions (MIRPS, selon l’acronyme espagnol), qui réunit le Belize, le Costa Rica, le Salvador, le Guatemala, le Honduras, le Mexique et le Panama dans le but de coordonner les réponses régionales et nationales visant à s’attaquer aux causes profondes des déplacements forcés, à apporter des réponses efficaces aux besoins de protection de la population déplacée, des demandeurs d’asile, des réfugiés et des rapatriés ayant besoin de protection, ainsi qu’à la recherche de solutions durables.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#ameriquecentrale#mexique#guatemala#salvador#honduras#costarica#belize#panama#sante#pandemie#crise#violence#vulnerablité#deplacementforce#protection#rapatrie#asile#unhcr

  • A global call to support refugees from Myanmar - Asia Times
    https://asiatimes.com/2021/06/a-global-call-to-support-refugees-from-myanmar

    A global call to support refugees from Myanmar. The UN marked World Refugee Day on Sunday, but the global community is still doing too little for those fleeing Myanmar. Sunday, June 20, marked the United Nations’ World Refugee Day, a time to focus on refugees worldwide, applaud their courage, and highlight their contributions. This year’s theme, “Heal, Learn, Shine,” recognizes the challenges of Covid-19, the need to uphold the right to education, and how refugees persevere despite the challenges they face.
    According to the UN, there are more than 1.1 million refugees from my home country of Myanmar, making it one of the top five source countries of refugees worldwide. While many were able to celebrate World Refugee Day, those forced to flee Myanmar continue to witness mass atrocities.
    As the number of people fleeing the Myanmar military’s violence has only increased since the coup, seeking refuge in Thailand has proved increasingly difficult for ethnic-minority refugees as Thai officials fear the spread of Covid-19 and strictly police their borders.
    Estimates are that in March and April, close to 3,000 Karen internally displaced persons (IDPs) crossed the Salween River to seek refuge in Thailand, only to be held by Thai officials until conditions were deemed secure enough to turn them away. Similarly, more than 100,000 Karenni civilians escaping conflict in their home state were met with force at the Thai border, where officials attempted to push back thousands. Safety and security for refugees are rare, even when they are accepted by host countries. Refugees are uniquely affected by a number of factors, and are being disproportionately impacted by Covid-19.Often crammed into tight living situations with inadequate hygiene facilities, the ability to escape Covid-19’s grip is almost impossible for Myanmar’s refugees. With more than a million Rohingya refugees living in Bangladesh, there have been estimates of more than 1,300 cases of Covid-19 in the camps. Vaccine supplies are also far from refugees’ reach – as of June 1, no Covid-19 vaccines had been distributed in Cox’s Bazar. Education remains unavailable to refugees from Myanmar and across the diaspora in Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Malaysia. While some children are able to attend small, community-run schools, the general lack of educational opportunities forces entire generations from Myanmar to face their future unprepared.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#myanmar#rohingya#karen#refugie#camp#personnedeplacee#sante#vulnerablite#education#vaccination#securite

  • Covid-19 has exposed the reality of Britain: poverty, insecurity and inequality | Richard Horton | Opinion | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/sep/08/covid-19-britain-poverty-insecurity-inequality-fairer-society
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/a811224c27b705b5ec7d7d5b75addb8c10ef3054/0_317_6048_3629/master/6048.jpg?width=1200&height=630&quality=85&auto=format&fit=crop&overlay-ali

    he writer Elif Shafak, in her recently published essay How to Stay Sane in an Age of Division, recalls seeing signs in public parks during the pandemic asking: “When all this is over, how do you want the world to be different?” She points out that we are suffering from a widespread disillusionment about our bewildering predicament, and describes how people are feeling anxious and angry. She argues that alienation and exclusion are breeding mistrust, that communication between people and politicians is broken, and that despite the crisis we face we are nowhere near being able to answer a question about how we want the world to be.
    How do we begin to answer that question? First, we must understand the true nature of the crisis that confronts us. Our nation suffers from a political disease of historic proportions. The bonds that once held communities together are fraying. The confidence we once felt that generations after our own would have greater opportunities has ebbed away. And the beliefs we once embraced about the inherent strength and resilience of our national institutions and welfare state have been exposed as mere illusions. The coronavirus pandemic has exposed the reality of contemporary Britain: the country is defined by poverty, insecurity and inequality.
    To solve this crisis, we must begin by hearing the stories and listening to the experiences of those who have borne the brunt of Covid-19, especially the families who have suffered grievous losses and those who fell ill on the frontlines of the response. Illness and death have been concentrated among the elderly, those living with chronic disease, people from black, Asian and minority ethnic communities, and those who have been working in frontline public services, from health and social care to transport, food production and distribution.
    The closure of schools has placed a particular burden on children and young people. And a shadow pandemic has harmed women and children, who have suffered rising levels of violence and domestic abuse at home. A more equal society is a safer, kinder and more prosperous society. Specific policies to meet the urgent needs of these groups can lay the foundations for economic recovery and build resilience to future crises. We must demand parental support to improve prospects for child development and policies to advance adolescent physical and mental health. We should have stronger assistance and legal protections for women and children at risk of domestic violence and abuse. And we need more interventionist disease prevention and health promotion campaigns across people’s lifetimes, prioritising cancer prevention, heart disease and severe lung disease – and recognising the role that poverty and insecurity play in determining ill health

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#grandebretagne#sante#minorite#inegalite#vulnerablite#diaspora#pauvrete#insecurite#santementale

  • HCR - Les réfugiés ressentent la douleur du coronavirus au niveau économique à travers tout le monde arabe
    https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/stories/2020/5/5eac3a17a/refugies-ressentent-douleur-coronavirus-niveau-economique-travers-monde.html

    « Les prix de la nourriture et des loyers ont augmenté. Parfois, nous ne pouvons même pas aller au marché car nous sommes considérés comme des porteurs de la maladie parce que nous sommes des étrangers », a-t-il déclaré

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#refugie#mondearabe#stigmatisation#crisesanitaire#sante#economie#vulnerablite