• “Two Silicon Valley giants now offer women a game-changing perk: Apple and Facebook will pay for employees to freeze their eggs [...] the coverage may give Apple and Facebook a leg up among the many women who devote key childbearing years to building careers.”

    http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/perk-facebook-apple-now-pay-women-freeze-eggs-n225011

    #feminism #pregnancy #gender_inequalities

  • We Need to Stop Shackling Pregnant Women in Prison—Now.

    Bitch Media : http://bitchmagazine.org/post/stop-shackling-pregnant-women-in-prison

    Imagine a woman actively in labor. Now, imagine her handcuffed. Attached to those handcuffs is a chain that links her wrists to a chain wrapped around her belly. That belly chain is the same weight as a bicycle chain. Attached to her belly chain is yet another chain that attaches to shackles around her feet.

    This is commonly known as “shackling” and is a grim reality for many women in the United States. In 32 states, prisons and jails are permitted to shackle incarcerated women during childbirth—even though the American Medical Association says the practice is unsafe, “medically hazardous,” and “barbaric.”

    (...)

    Although eighteen states have enacted legislation prohibiting shackling during childbirth, only six of those states prohibit shackling people during other points in their pregnancy.

    Voir : http://www.prisonactivist.org/alerts/end-shackling-pregnant-women

    #shackling #prison #pregnancy #reproductive_rights #women_in_prison #Prison_Activist #BirthingBehindBars

  • Sterilization for women in prison : reproductive rights and choices of female inmates under pressure and coercion

    http://bitchmagazine.org/post/california-prison-sterilize-women-reproductive-rights-investigation

    Starting in 2006, Christina Cordero spent two years in California’s Valley State Prison for Women for auto theft. She arrived at the prison pregnant and was taken to see the the prison OB-GYN James Heinrich. “As soon as he found out that I had five kids, he suggested that I look into getting it done. The closer I got to my due date, the more he talked about it,” said Cordero, now age 34. Cordero finally agreed to the procedure before being released in 2008. “Today,” she said, “I wish I would have never had it done.”

    Cordero is one of nearly 250 women who have been sterilized while in the California prison system over the last few decades. While millions of eyes were focused on reproductive-rights debates happening in Texas, Wisconsin, and North Carolina this month, the Center for Investigative Reporting released a report that revealed nearly 150 women were sterilized in California prisons from 2006 to 2010 without proper state oversight. According to state documents, approximately 100 additional women had been sterilized in the late 1990s. Several women said Heinrich had pressured them into the operation, sometimes when they were actively in labor or on the operating table for a C-section.

    In his defense, Dr. Heinrich told the Center for Investigative Reporting that the $147,000 spent on sterilizing inmates was minimal “compared to what you save in welfare paying for these unwanted children—as they procreated more.”

    Heinrich’s comment reflects the widespread attitude that certain women, such as women in prison (or women in Texas or Wisconsin if you believe those state lawmakers) should not have the right to determine their reproductive choices.

    (...)

    These sterilizations are part of a gamut of reproductive justices facing people in women’s prisons, and not just those in California: until recently, pregnant women in Arizona’s Maricopa County jail had been denied abortions unless they obtained a court order and prepaid transportation and security costs. Such requirements often prevented women from accessing abortions. In most states, childbirth behind bars occurs in shackles and chains.

    (...)

    These attacks are a gendered way of heaping more punishment onto people in women’s prisons, the majority of whom are women of color. We have to remember that the United States has a long history of coerced sterilization of women of color that reaches as late as the 1960s and 1970s. Medical staff often lied to women about the procedure, assuring them that it was reversible, or simply did not tell them that an additional procedure had been added to their prescheduled surgery. Coercing sterilization of women inside prisons is a way to continue these attacks out of the public eye.

    Let’s also remember that people in men’s prisons were not offered, let alone coerced into, sterilization regardless of how many children they have.

    (...)

    #incarceration #pregnancy_in_prison #prisons #reproductive_justice #reproductive_rights #women_in_prison #sterilization #BirthingBehindBars

    • @bp314 je pense qu’il s’agit de femmes qui rentrent en prison déjà enceintes. Sinon je ne sais pas comment sont aménagées les prisons là bas mais en France les parloirs, s’ils n’autorisent pas les rapprochements « charnels », n’ont pas de séparation entre le prisonnier et son visiteur... Il existe aussi des aménagements réglementés pour les couples.

    • Sur le sujet je conseil ce texte
      Sexualités féminines en prison : pratiques, discours et représentations
      par Gwénola Ricordeau
      http://gss.revues.org/830

      À partir d’une enquête de terrain dans cinq établissements pénitentiaires et de la réalisation d’entretiens avec des hommes et des femmes incarcérés, nous questionnons l’idée d’une spécificité féminine des expériences sexuelles en prison, mais aussi d’une spécificité en prison de ces expériences sexuelles féminines. Ce questionnement passe par une description des pratiques sexuelles dans les détentions féminines et des représentations masculines de la sexualité féminine incarcérée, mais aussi par une comparaison des économies de la sexualité dans les détentions masculines et féminines. Trois thèmes sont mobilisés pour cette comparaison : les rapports avec le personnel de surveillance du sexe opposé, les violences à caractère sexuel en détention et les formes de catégorisation – et subséquemment de hiérarchisation – existant parmi les personnes détenues.

      #femme #femmes #prison #sexualité #stérilisation

    • @bp314 Il s’agit effectivement de femmes qui entrent en prison alors qu’elles sont déjà enceintes. Et s’il existe des « bébés parloirs » en France malgré l’interdiction, je ne sais pas quelle possibilité est réellement laissée aux détenues aux USA.

      @soseen Merci pour la référence en Français. Ici l’article sur les prisons californiennes et leurs méthodes de « contournement » du consentement obligatoire en matière de stérilisation des détenues dont le papier de Slate est probablement issu :

      Former inmates and prisoner advocates maintain that prison medical staff coerced the women, targeting those deemed likely to return to prison in the future.

      Crystal Nguyen, a former Valley State Prison inmate who worked in the prison’s infirmary during 2007, said she often overheard medical staff asking inmates who had served multiple prison terms to agree to be sterilized.

      (...)

      The allegations echo those made nearly a half-century ago, when forced sterilizations of prisoners, the mentally ill and the poor were commonplace in California. State lawmakers officially banned such practices in 1979.

      Read more here : http://www.sacbee.com/2013/07/07/5549696/female-inmates-sterilized-in-california.html#storylink=cpy

  • Iran
    Ne pas se méprendre. Cet article n’a rien à voir avec la Veuve de l’Ayatollah de Gérard de Viliers (série SAS).

    Erotic Republic
    Foreign Policy Magazine
    Thursday, June 6, 2013

    http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/05/29/erotic_republic_Iran_sexual_revolution%20

    Iran is in the throes of an unprecedented sexual revolution. Could it eventually shake the regime?
    BY AFSHIN SHAHI|MAY 29, 2013

    When someone mentions Iran, what images leap into your mind? Ayatollahs, religious fanaticism, veiled women? How about sexual revolution? That’s right. Over the last 30 years, as the mainstream Western media has been preoccupied with the radical policies of the Islamic Republic, the country has undergone a fundamental social and cultural transformation.

    While not necessarily positive or negative, Iran’s sexual revolution is certainly unprecedented. Social attitudes have changed so much in the last few decades that many members of the Iranian diaspora are shellshocked when they visit the country: “These days Tehran makes London look like a conservative city,” a British-Iranian acquaintance recently told me upon returning from Tehran. When it comes to sexual mores, Iran is indeed moving in the direction of Britain and the United States — and fast.

    Good data on Iranian sexual habits are, not surprisingly, tough to come by. But a considerable amount can be gleaned from the official statistics compiled by the Islamic Republic. Declining birth rates, for example, signal a wider acceptance of contraceptives and other forms of family planning — as well as a deterioration of the traditional role of the family. Over the last two decades, the country has experienced the fastest drop in fertility ever recorded in human history. Iran’s annual population growth rate, meanwhile, has plunged to 1.2 percent in 2012 from 3.9 percent in 1986— this despite the fact that more than half of Iranians are under
    At the same time, the average marriage age for men has gone up from 20 to 28 years old in the last three decades, and Iranian women are now marrying at between 24 and 30 — five years later than a decade ago. Some 40 percent of adults who are of marriageable age are currently single, according to official statistics. The rate of divorce, meanwhile, has also skyrocketed, tripling from 50,000 registered divorces in the year 2000 to 150,000 in 2010.Currently, there is one divorce for every seven marriages nationwide, but in larger cities the rate gets significantly higher. In Tehran, for example, the ratio is one divorce to every 3.76 marriages — almost comparable to Britain, where 42 percent of marriages end in divorce. And there is no indication that the trend is slowing down. Over the last six months the divorce rate has increased, while the marriage rate has significantly dropped.
    Changing attitudes toward marriage and divorce have coincided with a dramatic shift in the way Iranians approach relationships and sex. According to one study cited by a high-ranking Ministry of Youth official in December 2008, a majority of male respondents admitted having had at least one relationship with someone of the opposite sex before marriage. About 13 percent of those “illicit” relationships, moreover, resulted in unwanted pregnancy and abortion — numbers that, while modest, would have been unthinkable a generation ago. It is little wonder, then, that the Ministry of Youth’s research center has warned that “unhealthy relationships and moral degeneration are the leading causes of divorces among the young Iranian couples.”

    Meanwhile, the underground sex industry has taken off in the last two decades. In the early 1990s, prostitution existed in most cities and towns — particularly in Tehran — but sex workers were virtually invisible, forced to operate deep underground. Now prostitution is only a wink and a nod away in many towns and cities across the country. Often, sex workers loiter on certain streets, waiting for random clients to pick them up. Ten years ago, Entekhabnewspaper claimed that there were close to 85,000 sex workers in Tehran alone.

    Again, there are no good countrywide statics on the number of prostitutes — the head of Iran’s state-run Social Welfare Organization recently told the BBC: “Certain statistics have no positive function in society; instead, they have a negative psychological impact. It is better not to talk about them” — but available figures suggest that 10 to 12 percent of Iranian prostitutes are married. This is especially surprising given the severe Islamic punishments meted out for sex outside marriage, particularly for women. More surprisingly still, not all sex workers in Iran are female. A new reportconfirms that middle-aged wealthy women, as well as young and educated women in search of short-term sexual relationships, are seeking the personal services of male sex workers.

    Afshin Shahi isa lecturer in Middle East politics and international relations at Exeter University. He tweets at @AfshinShahi.
    #Iran, #sexual_revolution, #marriage, #divorce, #birth_rate, #population_growth_rate, #pregnancy, #abortion,

  • Haiti quake creates new crisis among women, girls - MiamiHerald.com
    http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/08/29/2381092/haiti-quake-creates-new-crisis.html

    Population explosions after a #disaster are nothing new. But in a country already rattled by a collapsed health system, #cholera epidemic and now sordid conditions in congested camps, experts say they are worried about the impact. Adding to the concerns are conditions under which the pregnancies are occurring: insecurity and rapes in the camps despite increased U.N. peacekeeper patrols, lack of education and medical services, and desperation among girls, some as young as 13.

    “There is a lot of #transactional #sex going on as a coping mechanism for young girls to survive #poverty, to address some of their needs,’’ said Dr. Henia Dakkak of the United Nations Population Fund, which found that #pregnancy in Haiti’s camps after the quake were three times higher than in urban areas.

    #femmes #haiti #cdp