• Israël-Palestine. L’histoire d’un système « sophistiqué » d’expropriation des terres

    Entretien avec Salim Wakimconduit par Suha Arraf

    Mardi 30 mars 2021, les citoyens palestiniens d’Israël ont célébré le 45e anniversaire de la première Journée de la terre, commémoration annuelle des grèves et des manifestations de masse organisées le 30 mars 1976 en réaction au projet du gouvernement israélien – dirigé à l’époque par Yitzhak Rabin – de confisquer des milliers de dounams de terre en Galilée [un dounam = 1000 m2]. Les forces de sécurité israéliennes ont abattu six manifestants au cours de ces protestations.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2021/04/17/israel-palestine-lhistoire-dun-systeme-sophistique-dexp

    #israel #palestine

  • Turban und Hakenkreuz - Der Großmufti und die Nazis - WDR Köln | programm.ARD.de
    https://programm.ard.de/TV/wdrfernsehen/turban-und-hakenkreuz---der-grossmufti-und-die-nazis/eid_281116228729715

    Voici la position officielle des médias allemeands dits de qualité par rapport à l’histoire récente de la Palestine.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5ixt36li4U

    Sendung am 21.02.2011, 23:15 Uhr - Muhammad Amin al-Husaini, der Mufti von Jerusalem ist eine der schillerndsten Figuren des 20. Jahrhunderts. Die Beziehung zwischen dem ihm und den Nazis ist kurios, und sie erzählt eine bis heute unbekannte Geschichte des Dritten Reiches.

    Muhammad Amin al-Husaini ist einer der wichtigsten Mufti für die Araber. Und wie kaum eine andere Persönlichkeit aus der arabischen Welt ist er mit der deutschen Geschichte verwoben. Schon zu seinen Lebzeiten galt er als Legende, verehrt und bewundert von seinen Landsleuten, verachtet und bekämpft von seinen Feinden. Sechzehn Jahre lang war al-Husaini das religiöse Oberhaupt der arabischen Muslime, dreißig Jahre ihr politischer Führer und lange Zeit auch politischer Repräsentant der arabischen Welt.

    Und so unwahrscheinlich es sich heute anhört, er war offenbar auch in Deutschland populär. Man kannte ihn. Vier Jahre lang von 1941-45 lebte der Araberführer in der Reichshauptstadt, war eng mit der Staatsmacht verbunden, hatte Freunde bis in die höchsten Kreise des Regimes. Der Araber in Berlin hat das verbrecherische System ideologisch und politisch gestützt und verteidigt, skrupellos und verbohrt wie ein Nazi. Seine enge Verbundenheit und vielseitige Zusammenarbeit mit den Nationalsozialisten hatte vor allem eine Grundlage: den Judenhass. Die Beziehung zwischen dem Mufti und den Nazis ist kurios, und sie erzählt eine bis heute unbekannte Geschichte des Dritten Reiches.

    Stab und Besetzung
    Redaktionelle Zustaendigkeit Heinrich Billstein
    Redaktion Susanne Spröer

    #Allemagne #Palestine #histoire #sionisme #Arabie #islam #religion #guerre #nazis #propgagande

  • Palestinian Child Loses Eye After Israeli Soldiers Shot Him In Hebron
    Apr 9, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/palestinian-child-loses-eye-after-israeli-soldiers-shot-him-in-hebron

    Palestinian medical sources have confirmed that a child lost his right eye, Friday, after an Israeli soldier shot him with a rubber-coated steel bullet, in Bab az-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron city, in the southern part of the occupied West Bank.

    The sources said the child, Ezzeddin Nidal al-Batsh, 13, was directly shot with the rubber-coated steel bullet in the right eye before medics rushed him to Hebron Governmental Hospital.

    The child’s father, Nidal, said that Ezzeddin was in a shop in Bab az-Zawiya when he was shot in the eye, after the soldiers, stationed at the permanent military roadblock at the entrance of the Shuhada Street, fired many rubber-coated steel bullets, gas bombs and concussion grenades at Palestinian protesters.

    Nidal added that the soldiers fired their bullets, gas bombs, and concussion grenades at random, many of them hitting stores and homes.

    Many Palestinians also suffered the effects of teargas inhalation, in addition to others who sustained cuts and bruises.

    #Palestine_éborgnée

  • Elderly Palestinian Woman Killed After Being Rammed By An Israeli Colonist’s Car
    Apr 7, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/elderly-palestinian-woman-killed-after-being-rammed-by-an-israeli-colonists-c

    An elderly Palestinian woman was killed, on Wednesday morning, after being rammed by the speeding vehicle of an illegal Israeli colonialist settler at the western entrance of the Sammoa’ town, southwest of the southern West Bank city of Hebron.

    Medical sources said the woman, identified as Shafiqa Mohammad Suleiman Aqel, 73, suffered very serious wounds when the colonist’s car rammed her in the Mothallath as-Simia area, near as-Sammoa’.

    They added that an Israeli ambulance was called to the scene before the medics rushed her to Soroka Medical Center in Beersheba (Be’er as-Sabe’), where she succumbed to her serious wounds.

    Such incidents are frequent and have led to many Palestinian casualties, in various parts of the West Bank.

    It is worth mentioning that Shafiqa is the sixth Palestinian to be killed by Israelis this year. (...)

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • Israeli Soldiers Kill A Palestinian Man, Injure His Wife, Near Jerusalem
    Apr 6, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-kill-a-palestinian-man-injure-his-wife-near-jerusalem

    Israeli soldiers killed, on Tuesday morning, a Palestinian man, and injured his wife, after opening fire at their car near the occupied Palestinian capital, Jerusalem, in the West Bank.

    The Palestinian Health Ministry has confirmed that the soldiers shot Osama Sidqi Mansour, 42, with a live round in the head while was driving his car on the road between Biddu village to al-Jeeb town, northwest of Jerusalem. Mansour is from Biddu village, northwest of occupied Jerusalem.

    It added that the man’s wife was also injured in the same incident, after the soldiers shot her in the back, and was rushed to a Palestinian hospital in Ramallah. Her condition was described as stable.

    The army claimed that its soldiers were “operating” in Bir Nibala nearby village before the driver “attempted to ram them with his car.”

    The Israeli military spokesperson alleged that the soldiers set up a roadblock and were standing there in order to close the area while the army operated nearby before the Palestinian driver “approached them with his car and started talking to the soldiers before he suddenly sped towards them before they opened fire.

    The allegations were strongly refuted by the family and were described as another Israeli attempt to justify a cold-blooded murder.

    Talking to reporters from his hospital bed, the wounded wife said, “we were heading back home, and on the road, we saw two Israeli military vehicles, and many soldiers on the road; they stopped our car, along with many cars, but one soldier told us we could go.”

    “But that is when the soldiers started shooting at our car, my husband was hit while driving and slumped over my chest,” she added, “I first realized I was shot, and tried to tell him, but this is when he was hit with their bullets….”

    Eyewitnesses, including Fateh movement secretary in Jerusalem, Adel Abu Zneid, told the Palestinian News & Info Agency (WAFA) the incident took place approximately at 3:30 at dawn, and added that a soldier hurled a concussion grenade at the man’s car before he tried to drive away from it, and the soldiers then opened fire at his car.

    #Palestine_assassinée

    • Israeli Soldiers Attack Funeral Procession Of Slain Palestinian Man
      Apr 7, 2021
      https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-attack-funeral-procession-of-slain-palestinian-man

      Israeli soldiers attacked, Tuesday, the funeral procession of a Palestinian man, who was killed by army fire earlier in the day, near Ramallah, in central West Bank.

      Local sources said dozens of Palestinians marched in the funeral procession of Osama Sidqi Mansour , 42, in Biddu village, northwest of occupied Jerusalem, while carrying Palestinian flags and chanting against the ongoing illegal Israeli occupation and its constant crimes.

      They added that the soldiers fired many gas bombs, concussion grenades, and rubber-coated steel bullets at the Palestinians, causing many to suffer the effects of tear gas inhalation, in addition to cuts and bruises.

      It is worth mentioning that Mansour was shot in the head by the soldiers who opened fire at his car while he was heading back home with his wife who suffered moderate wounds.

    • Northwestern Occupied East Jerusalem: IOF Target Palestinian Vehicle at Military Checkpoint, Kill Civilian and Wound his Wife
      Date: 06 April 2021
      https://www.pchrgaza.org/en/northwestern-occupied-east-jerusalem-iof-target-palestinian-vehicle-at-mil

      On Tuesday, Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded his wife when they stopped their car at a military checkpoint and opened fire at it. IOF claimed that they opened fire at the car under after the driver attempted to run over Israeli soldiers stationed at the checkpoint. According to the wife’s testimony and investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), the Israeli soldiers opened fire at the car without any justification as they checked the passengers’ IDs and allowed them to pass.

      According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 06 April 2021, IOF moved into Bir Nabala village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem, and raided residential houses and an auto repair shop. They then headed to nearby al-Jib village, where they raided a car showroom at the village entrance to confiscate the surveillance camera recorders. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF and their vehicles. IOF immediately suppressed the protestors, fired live and rubber bullets at them and established a military checkpoint near a tunnel between Biddu and al-Jib villages, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF also stationed at the military checkpoint, searched Palestinian vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. At approximately 02:45, IOF stopped a vehicle belonging to Osama Mohammed Sandouqa Mansour (42) and his wife Somaia ‘Izzat ‘Abed al-Nabi al-Kaswani (36), from Biddu village, checked their IDs and allowed them to pass. When Osama drove 50 meters away from the checkpoint, IOF opened fire at his car, wounding him with several bullets; one of them penetrated his head. Moreover, his wife sustained shrapnel wounds in her back. Both of them were taken to Ramallah Governmental Hospital, where Osama was pronounced dead at 03:10 while his wife’s injuries were classified minor.

    • Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian father. His crime? Driving his wife to a clinic
      Gideon Levy, Alex Levac | Apr. 15, 2021 | 11:49 PM
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/twilight-zone/.premium.MAGAZINE-idf-troops-shot-and-killed-a-palestinian-his-crime-drivin

      A Palestinian couple driving home at night are stopped by soldiers, questioned and sent on their way – but then one soldier fires a bullet at the vehicle, and his comrades begin to shoot as well. The husband is killed. The army claims he tried to run the troops over, but they didn’t even try to pursue the car

      The main street of the West Bank village of Al-Jib, on the way to the adjacent village of Bir Naballah, north of Jerusalem. Monday, April 5, 2:45 A.M., the early morning watch. The Israel Defense Forces raided Al-Jib three times that night. The soldiers parked their heavy, armored vehicles on the narrow traffic island separating the two sides of the road.

      Three weeks earlier, on March 13, they had wrested a young Palestinian named Ahmed Ghanayem from his bed at night and detained him. Now they were back again to search his house and his family’s store, which is around the corner from Ahmed’s house. Two soldiers stood next to some cars parked on the median strip across from the store. Suddenly an old Toyota approached from the east. A soldier signaled the driver with a flashlight to pull over. The driver at first didn’t notice the flashlight, but his wife quickly shouted at him to brake. The car came to a stop about four meters from the troops. A short conversation and the car was sent on its way. But then a moment later, the soldiers began spraying it with dozens of rounds of bullets.

      “If a person falls from a plane in the middle of the night, / only God alone can lift him up,” the poet Dahlia Ravikovitch wrote. If a person is traveling in a car in the middle of the night in the West Bank, only God can apparently save him. Osama Mansour was killed; his wife, Somaya, survived.

      The attractive Al Badawi World Liquidation Sale store, across the street, sells clothing, footwear, perfume and kitchen utensils at bargain prices. A sign in the store says, in Hebrew: “Up to 50 percent off on the whole collection for club members.”

      The soldiers came here for the first time that evening around 9:30 P.M. A sizable force in vans, Hummers and other armored vehicles. They searched Ghanayem’s home. Children and teens pelted them with stones, the soldiers hurled back tear gas and left the village – only to return at midnight. Again stone throwing, again tear gas, soldiers conducted searches in a few homes. Eyewitnesses had the feeling that the troops were planning something.

      The soldiers left at 1 A.M. and were back at 2:30. Two vehicles, a van and a jeep, stopped on the traffic island across from the store. Two more armored vehicles were parked a few dozen meters away. There may have been more. The street was quiet now, so late at night. Two soldiers stood on the same median strip that we stood on this week when we tried to reconstruct the events of that night, step by step, with the aid of the Ramallah-area field researcher of the Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem, Iyad Hadad. Two eyewitnesses, Azam Malkiya and Bassam Iskar, had observed what happened from their apartments, on either sides of the street, with the soldiers in the middle.

      The Mansours’ 2010 Toyota approached, a soldier signaled the driver to stop with his flashlight, the car came to a complete halt. According to the witnesses, the driver also turned off the engine. Somaya and Osama Mansour come from the nearby village of Biddu, once a hub for Israeli shoppers on Saturdays but not since the separation barrier went up there about two decades ago.

      Somaya and Osama told the soldiers that they were on the way home from a clinic in Bir Naballah, as Somaya hadn’t felt well. The family had been stricken by the coronavirus: Osama got over it easily; his mother, Jamila, was confined for 25 days in the Hugo Chavez Ophthalmic Hospital in the town of Turmus Ayya, which had been converted into a hospital for COVID-19 patients; and Somaya suffered from various symptoms and rested at home. The worst was over, but that night Somaya felt unwell again. The Mansours’ son Mohammed also fell ill, but the other children weren’t infected.

      Osama was a vegetable merchant who made the rounds of nearby villages in his car. The day we visited their home, Monday, would have been his 36th birthday. Two months ago he was released from prison after serving an 18-month sentence: He had been caught in Jerusalem without an entry permit and was already serving a suspended sentence. Somaya, 35, works as a seamstress in Givat Ze’ev, a settlement just north of Jerusalem. The couple have five children and live in a small house with an asbestos roof in the yard of Osama’s parents’ house.

      When we arrived, Bisan and Nisan, 10-year-old twins in school uniforms, had just returned home from school. They are now fatherless.

      A photograph of Osama is propped up on the television screen. On the last evening of his life he asked his mother what he could buy for Ramadan, which began this week. There’s still time, she replied. One of the last photos of him was taken next to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem; he had snuck in to pray; later on he was caught and arrested.

      Somaya, the widow, enters the room, dressed in black, accompanied by the twins. She is tall and impressive, soft-spoken and tear-less, though her face is pained and pale. Osama returned from work at 11:30 P.M. on April 4, and hurried to take Somaya to the clinic in Bir Naballah. Somaya relates that he always looked after her like that, taking her to a doctor for every ailment. The doctor, she says, told her she had to rest at home. Osama then suggested that they should drive around a little, as she’d been cooped up in the house all day. She recalls that he bought her a sandwich at a grocery store that was open in the middle of the night. They didn’t notice anything unusual going on until they saw the soldier with the flashlight signaling them to pull over. The soldier aimed his rifle at them and shouted, “Why didn’t you stop?” “Why are you shouting at me?” Osama, who knew Hebrew, asked in reply. The soldier asked where they lived and where they were coming from, but didn’t ask to see ID cards or vehicle registration documents.

      The soldier told them to be on their way, and Osama drove off. A moment later, however, Somaya says that she heard the sound of a single shot from behind; immediately afterward a few soldiers darted out in front of the car and riddled it with gunfire. Somaya describes “a rain of bullets” that landed on them. Terrified, she bent forward to protect herself. She felt shrapnel striking her back. “Are you all right?” Osama called to her, and she said, “I’ve been shot.”

      The car veered from side to side; Somaya realized that Osama had lost control of the steering wheel. “Why are you driving like that?” she asked him – but there was no longer an answer. Osama fell over onto his wife’s lap, his head oozing blood. Somaya started shouting, but kept her wits about her. From the passenger seat, she grabbed hold of the steering wheel and also stepped on the gas pedal, in an attempt to escape the nightmare. A few hundred meters later she stopped the car with the handbrake and even shifted into park mode. The soldiers did not follow them. Four young men driving from the opposite direction stopped and quickly transferred Somaya and Osama to their car. He was still breathing, but had lost consciousness.

      They took Osama to the Al-Carmel Clinic in Biddu, where staff summoned an ambulance that rushed the dying man to the Government Hospital in Ramallah. Somaya was treated for light wounds and the physicians told her Osama was being operated on. At 4 A.M. he was pronounced dead, but Somaya wasn’t told until two hours later.

      The soldiers got to the car they had peppered with bullets 15 minutes after the incident, and took it away. They then proceeded to the stores and apartment buildings in the immediate area and dismantled the security cameras, including the one in the Ghanayem family’s store – it is not clear for what purpose. They also took the trouble to collect their shell casings from the street – the witnesses reported that about 50 rounds had been fired at the Mansours’ car. Hadad, from B’Tselem, found seven casings the soldiers had missed.

      Osama’s body was transferred to the forensic medicine institute in Abu Dis, outside Jerusalem, where a postmortem was performed. Its findings haven’t yet been published, but as far as is known, only one bullet hit him, in the head.

      The IDF lost no time in issuing an announcement stating that there had been a car-ramming attempt and that the vehicle had driven fast toward the soldiers and had endangered their lives.

      This week we asked the army’s spokesperson’s office a number of questions: Does the IDF still maintain that there was a car-ramming attack? Have the soldiers involved been interrogated yet by the Military Police? And if they thought it was a car-ramming, why didn’t the troops rush after the vehicle in order to arrest the perpetrators? To all these questions the answer was: “In the wake of the event, a Military Police investigation was launched, and at its conclusion the findings will be forwarded to the office of the military advocate general.”

      Salam Abu Eid, the head of the Biddu council, told Haaretz this week: “It was a crime not only against Osama but also against his wife and five children. The soldiers killed seven people, not only one person.”

      Daisies planted by Osama adorn the yard of the house. His daughter Baylasan, 13, is sitting, dresed in black, her gaze bleak, along with the older brother, 15-year-old Mohammed. Baylasan (“elderberry” in Arabic) is a plant with white flowers from which myrrh and incense are extracted. One family member relates that today the plant can be found only across the barrier, on lands seized by Israel.

      Ten-year-old Nisan rests her head on her mother’s lap, just as her father did in his last moments. Nisan covers her face with her cellphone, as though to distance herself from having to hear, over and over, what happened to her parents that night on which she lost her father – most likely for doing nothing wrong.

  • Virus : les Palestiniens reçoivent 100 000 doses du vaccin chinois

    Les Palestiniens ont reçu lundi 100 000 doses du vaccin chinois anti-coronavirus Sinopharm, données par Pékin et constituant le plus gros lot de vaccins reçus depuis le début de la pandémie.
    . . . . .
    L’Autorité palestinienne a lancé le 21 mars la vaccination des personnes de plus de 75 ans et de certains malades, quelques jours après la réception d’un premier lot de 60 000 vaccins anti-coronavirus du dispositif Covax destiné aux régions défavorisées.

    Plus de 20 000 des 60 000 doses Covax ont été transférées vers la bande de Gaza, enclave palestinienne . . . .
    . . . . .
    Quelque 60 000 autres doses du vaccin russe Spoutnik V avaient déjà été livrées à Gaza, en provenance des Emirats arabes unis,
    . . . . .
    Israël, pays qui a vacciné plus de la moitié de ses neuf millions d’habitants, s’est engagé à fournir aux Palestiniens 5 000 vaccins et a vacciné plus de 100 000 travailleurs ayant un permis de travail en Israël ou dans les implantations israéliennes en Cisjordanie.

    Depuis le début de la pandémie, environ 174 800 personnes contaminées ont officiellement été recensées en Cisjordanie, dont près de 2 000 décès. Quelque 63 750 cas ont été détectés dans la bande de Gaza, dont plus de 600 décès.
    Source : Time of Israel https://fr.timesofisrael.com/virus-les-palestiniens-recoivent-100-000-doses-du-vaccin-chinois
    #vaccins #vaccination #covid-19 #Palestine #coronavirus #santé #Gaza

    • COVID-19 : La deuxième vague s’abat sur Gaza avec un taux de positivité de 25 %

      Avec un nombre de cas en forte hausse, la bande de Gaza est entrée dans la seconde vague de coronavirus, ont déclaré les responsables de la santé de l’enclave côtière au Times of Israel dans la journée de lundi.

      Il y a eu 815 nouvelles infections à coronavirus en l’espace de 24 heures, a fait savoir le ministère de la Santé de Gaza, lundi. Le nombre de cas actifs a presque triplé en deux semaines, passant de 2 291 à 6 619.

      Le taux officiel de positivité des tests de dépistage a grimpé en flèche, atteignant 25 % en une seule journée, selon les officiels du groupe terroriste du Hamas. Ce taux élevé de résultats positifs indique que le virus se propage probablement largement sans être détecté.
      . . . . .
      Depuis le début de la pandémie, 63 742 Gazaouis ont été malades du coronavirus et 604 personnes ont succombé à une forme grave de la COVID-19.

      Le groupe terroriste et les observateurs internationaux ont averti que le système de soins de Gaza – éprouvé par des années de blocus israélo-égyptien et par trois guerres entre Israël et les dirigeants de l’enclave – n’était pas équipé de façon à pouvoir affronter une grave épidémie de coronavirus.

      « Gaza est sous blocus, le territoire est très densément peuplé… Nous manquons de réserves en oxygène pour soigner les patients et les médicaments dont nous disposons actuellement ne nous permettront de soigner les malades que pendant trois mois », estime un responsable de la Santé du Hamas, Munir al-Bursh, au cours d’un entretien téléphonique.

      Selon al-Bursh, il n’y a que deux machines PCR – qui servent à traiter les tests de dépistage – au sein de l’enclave côtière, ce qui limite fortement les capacités des officiels à effectuer des dépistages et à suivre la propagation de la maladie.

      Avec une population de deux millions de personnes, entre 2 000 et 3 0000 tests de dépistage sont effectués quotidiennement à Gaza. L’État juif, pour sa part, avec une population de 9,25 millions de personnes, avait été en mesure de réaliser plus de 120 000 tests de dépistage quotidiens au pic de sa lutte contre le virus.

      Le ministère de la Santé du Hamas a aussi annoncé lundi que le variant britannique, plus meurtrier et qui se propage plus vite que la souche virale originale, avait été détectée pour la toute première fois dans la bande de Gaza.


      Un soignant palestinien effectue un dépistage pour le coronavirus dans un centre de santé à Rafah, dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, le 5 janvier 2020. (Crédit ; Abed Rahim Khatib/Flash90)
      Source : https://fr.timesofisrael.com/covid-19-la-deuxieme-vague-sabat-sur-gaza-avec-un-taux-de-positivi

  • Mentally Disabled Palestinian Shot in the Back and Killed by Israeli Police
    Mar 31, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/mentally-disabled-palestinian-shot-in-the-back-and-killed-by-israeli-police

    33 year old Munir Anabtawi from Haifa was killed by Israeli police on Tuesday in Haifa, in the northern part of what is now Israel. Munir was mentally disabled and his mother had called for an ambulance when he left the house distressed, hoping that he could be taken to the hospital for treatment. Instead of an ambulance, Israeli police arrived and shot him 5 times in the back.

    The mother of Munir Anabtawi accused officers of killing her son “in cold blood”.

    She told the Arabs48 News Agency, “Police killed my son in cold blood instead of helping him. They interrogated me without informing me of the death of my son”.

    Itaf Anabtawi told reporters that her son “posed no threat, nor had he been violent before”. She said that she believed he was acting erratically because she had refused to give him money for cigarettes.

    Israeli police claimed that they were called to the Wadi Nisnas neighborhood in Haifa to respond to a complaint about a domestic disturbance.

    They claimed that Munir ran toward them with a knife, lightly wounding one officer.

    An officer then shot Anabtawi five times killing him.

    Munir’s aunt told Israel’s Channel 13 that the police were not his target, saying that he wanted “to kill himself with the knife, not the police”.

    “They have guns. (Why not) shoot him in the leg? Shoot him in the hand.”

    Israeli authorities say they are investigating the officer involved in the shooting.

    Palestinian-Israeli members of the Israeli Knesset (Parliament) have raised concerns over the Israeli police handling of the situation, saying that it is just the latest incident demonstrating their racism against the Palestinian citizens of Israel.

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • La lutte féministe pour la liberté et la souveraineté en Palestine

    Ceci est une édition d’un discours de Khitam Saafin en octobre 2020. Aujourd’hui, Khitam se retrouve emprisonnée par l’occupation israélienne. Liberté pour Khitam !

    « Nous, les femmes palestiniennes, nous affrontons tout. Nous sommes plus fortes et nous sommes toutes unies contre le racisme et le colonialisme. »

    Bonsoir, je suis Khitam Al Saafin, membre de l’Union des Comités de Femmes Palestiniennes (Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees – UPWC). J’ai eu l’honneur de connaître et de rencontrer de nombreuses sœurs de la Marche Mondiale des Femmes et je suis heureuse de revoir certaines d’entre elles car, pour moi, cela renouvelle le militantisme et la vie.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2021/03/25/la-lutte-feministe-pour-la-liberte-et-la-souverainete-e

    #féminisme #palestine

  • Palestinian Worker Dies While Being Chased by Police in Israel
    Mar 25, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/palestinian-worker-dies-while-being-chased-by-police-in-israel

    A Palestinian young man, on Wednesday, fell to his death while being chased by Israeli police in the coastal city of Jaffa, Tel Aviv in Israel, Quds News Network reported.

    As a result of the Israeli police pursuit, the construction worker, Mohammad Mousa Abu Dalal , 23, while attempting to evade the police, fell to his death down an elevator shaft.

    Abu Dalal, from Shabtin village, northwest of Ramallah, in the occupied central West Bank, was staying and working in Israel without an official permit, the Times of Israel reported.

    On March 15, Israeli soldiers shot a Palestinian worker near the illegal annexation wall, near Qalqilia city in the northern occupied West Bank.

    The worker was among many Palestinians attempting to enter into Israel through a breach in the illegal Annexation Wall, on their way to their workplaces inside the 1948 occupied lands.

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • Les élections israéliennes et palestiniennes sont, chacune à leur manière, une offense à la démocratie

    Les votes qui auront lieu à quelques mois d’intervalle mettent en lumière le système à deux niveaux qui dénie aux Palestiniens toute voix et toute liberté réelles.

    Pour la première fois depuis des décennies, l’Autorité palestinienne (AP) et Israël organiseront des élections législatives à quelques mois d’intervalle. De nombreuses personnes, dans la communauté internationale et dans les médias, verront cela comme un exercice conjoint de démocratie mais c’est, en fait, une fenêtre ouverte sur la réalité d’un système à deux niveaux qui dénie aux Palestiniens la liberté et les droits fondamentaux que beaucoup dans le monde entier prennent comme acquis.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2021/03/24/les-elections-israeliennes-et-palestiniennes-sont-chacu

    #palestine #israël

  • Israeli Army Shoots, Kills Palestinian at Protest near Nablus
    Mar 19, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-army-shoots-kills-palestinian-at-protest-near-nablus

    A Palestinian man was shot and killed, on Friday, when Israeli forces opened fire at non-violent protestors near Beit Dajan village, east of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank city.

    According to the Palestinian Health Ministry, Israeli soldiers shot Atef Yousef Hanaysha, 45, the Imam of the local mosque, with a live round in the head while he was participating in a peaceful demonstration in defence of Palestinian-owned land which is under the threat of confiscation.

    The army opened fire toward Palestinian civilians exercising their right to protest with live rounds, rubber-coated steel rounds and teargas to suppress the march, which was organized to reject the Israeli occupation’s continued expropriation of Palestinian-owned land.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) stated that they rushed the severely injured man to Rafidia Hospital in Nablus, where he was soon pronounced dead as a result of his wounds.

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • Updated: “Israeli Mines Responsible for Three Palestinian Fishermen Killed In Khan Younis”
    Mar 14, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/three-palestinian-fishermen-killed-in-khan-younis


    Mohammad Hijazi Saleh Lahham, Zakariya Hijazi Saleh Lahham, and Yahia Mustafa Saleh Lahham

    Update: March 14th

    The Hamas-led Interior Ministry in Gaza released the results of its investigation into the deaths of the three fishermen off the coast of Gaza near Khan Younis. The Ministry collected evidence, and based their investigation on three possibilities:

    That the boat was hit by a misfire from resistance fighters in training
    That the Israeli navy targeted and fired at the boat
    That the boat struck an unexploded mine in the water

    The investigators went to the training site of the al-Qassam Brigades and checked the surveillance video and the distance range of each of the rockets there. Knowing the range of the rockets, and checking forensic and video evidence, the investigators ruled out this possibility.

    By collecting testimonies from the fishermen and the Palestinian naval police, and by collecting recordings from surveillance cameras, it became clear that the Israeli navy did not fire missiles at the boats.

    The investigation committee concluded that this explosion was tied to a previous incident, which took place on February 22nd in Khan Younis sea, near the location where the explosion took place in the boat.

    During this incident, the Israeli Navy used Quad Cpter drones to drop floating bombs in the sea. These bombs carry powerful explosives, and are like ‘landmines’ on the sea in that the impact is usually on innocents.

    After collecting all evidence from the explosion site in the sea, and after receiving into custody the destroyed boat and nets, the investigators concluded:

    Nearly 30 minutes before the explosion took place, two fishermen found an Israeli quad copter drone stuck in their nets near the location of the explosion. They managed to remove it and give it to the Palestinian naval police.
    The remains of another quad copter drone was found stuck in the nets of the three slain fishermen, after the divers collected the wreckage.
    The investigators found the backside of the boat and other parts of the boat, and concluded that the explosion took place under the right side of the boat.
    By comparing the quad copter that was found by the fishermen to the remains of the quad copter found in the wreckage of the exploded boat, the two were of similar make.
    Forensics experts found that the fishermen were killed by the explosive shock and shrapnel was not found in their bodies.
    Following all of the evidence, the investigators concluded that Israel is fully responsible for the deaths of the three fishermen on March 7th in Khan Younis Sea.

    The Ministry called on national, international, legal and human rights groups to take a stand and call for an end to Israel’s continued violations against the Palestinian people and their humanity. (...)

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • Quelle gouvernance des #eaux pour quelle construction étatique dans les territoires palestiniens ? : l’étude des constellations hydropolitiques des eaux douces et usées entre #adaptation, #fragmentation et #colonialité

    Cette thèse propose d’étudier la coproduction de la #gestion_de_l'eau et de l’#agriculture et des processus de formations étatiques en #Cisjordanie. Elle associe l’étude des discours, des constellations d’acteurs et des processus de #territorialisation qui façonnent et résultent de la gouvernance de la #terre et de l’eau. Elle se fonde sur des travaux de terrains en Cisjordanie et des concepts de la #critical_political_ecology. L’objectif de notre recherche est de comprendre les transformations socio-politiques des territoires investis par les discours sur l’efficience pour caractériser la fragmentation du pouvoir politique en Cisjordanie. Les alliances politico-économiques dans certains territoires jouent un rôle important dans la fabrication par le haut d’une structure étatique palestinienne, ignorant et fragilisant l’organisation sociale et politique traditionnelle. Dans le même temps, les territoires délaissés par l’#Autorité_palestinienne, les bailleurs et les investissements privés s’organisent autour de nouvelles formes de tenure de l’eau et de la terre. Cette thèse contribue ainsi à éclairer les effets des politiques et projets d’amélioration de l’efficience de l’#irrigation et leurs implications dans la formation d’une structure étatique en Cisjordanie.

    http://www.theses.fr/2020MON30008

    #Palestine #eau #eau_douce #eaux_usées #écologie_politique #thèse #doctorat #Jeanne_Perrier
    –—

    Pour info, l’autrice de cette thèse n’a pas obtenu la qualif :
    https://twitter.com/Thesard_es/status/1370789575094849544

    ping @nepthys @reka

    • Les lois palestiniennes de l’eau : entre #centralisation, #décentralisation et mise en #invisibilité

      Cet article explore les processus de #réformes des lois palestiniennes de l’eau, en particulier la dernière loi de l’eau promulguée en 2014. Ces réformes législatives s’inscrivent dans un contexte international de modernisation des lois de l’eau, et dans un contexte national palestinien d’une réforme de la gestion de l’eau entamée en 2008. Celles-ci reprennent les idées clés formulées dans les Principes de Dublin en 1992. L’État et le concept d’efficience se retrouvent au cœur des dispositions des lois modernes de l’eau, et s’accommodent parfaitement du contexte conflictuel entre Israël et l’Autorité palestinienne.
      L’objectif de cet article est de déconstruire le processus de réformes de la gestion de l’eau palestinienne pour comprendre les véritables enjeux de pouvoir. Pour y parvenir, nous analyserons le contexte politique et discursif de production de la loi de l’eau palestinienne de 2014. Celle-ci a pour objectif de mettre en place une gestion plus démocratique des ressources en eau, notamment à travers un processus de décentralisation de l’Autorité palestinienne de l’eau vers de nouveaux acteurs, tels que les fournisseurs régionaux ou encore les associations d’usagers de l’eau. Cependant sa mise en œuvre s’avère un échec. Cet article montre comment elle a ignoré les constellations hydropolitiques locales et les enjeux de pouvoir entre les différents acteurs de cette gestion de l’eau.
      Le pouvoir de l’Autorité palestinienne de l’eau reste limité. Il se heurte à la réalité du pluralisme juridique, en pratique dans la gestion de l’eau palestinienne. L’occupation israélienne accentue ces difficultés. Cependant, les outils législatifs, tels que la loi de l’eau de 2014 et les récentes réglementations, permettent d’avancer petit à petit les pions d’une centralisation de la gestion des ressources en eau. Ainsi, les discours de décentralisation promus par les bailleurs de fonds et repris par l’Autorité palestinienne de l’eau pour justifier les réformes sur l’eau cachent une dynamique d’intégration verticale de la gestion des ressources en eau. Le règlement sur les associations d’usagers de l’eau en est exemple frappant. L’analyse des documents législatifs couplés aux stratégies palestiniennes et aux dynamiques internes nous permet de révéler ces dynamiques de centralisation qui menacent les pratiques locales de la gestion de l’eau.

      https://www.afd.fr/fr/ressources/les-lois-palestiniennes-de-leau-entre-centralisation-decentralisation-et-mise-en

    • Water driven Palestinian agricultural frontiers: the global ramifications of transforming local irrigation

      Water-driven Palestinian agricultural frontiers:the global ramifications of transforming local irrigation Julie Trottier1Jeanne PerrierCNRS, FranceUniversité Paul Valéry, FranceAbstractIn agricultural transformations, small scale farmer driven processes interact with globally driven processes. Donor-led or foreign investor-led irrigation development systematically interacts with local, farmer-led irrigation development. This article harnesses Kopytoff’s concept of ’interstitial frontier’to study such interactions. It discusses the shape an agricultural frontier may have and its interactions with local forms of water and land tenure. It discusses the manner in which changing access to water may spur the development of agricultural pioneer fronts. It distinguishes surface water driven, groundwater driven and wastewater driven agricultural frontiers. It then explores the manner such frontiers are transforming water tenure in the West Bank. This is an important aspect of the globalization of Palestinian society. The method this article develops is applicable elsewhere. Within interstitial frontiers, investors, whether local farmers or outsiders, enroll a globally maintained scientific discourse of efficient water use to secure donor funding. Meanwhile, they try developing clientelist ties with the authorities to secure their new access to water. The impacts on neighbouring, peasant-run irrigated systems, food security, housing security and many other mechanisms that sustain a society, are important and too often neglected

      https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02103773v1

  • Israël-Palestine : l’enquête nécessaire de la Cour pénale internationale
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2021/03/13/israel-palestine-l-enquete-necessaire-de-la-cour-penale-internationale_60729
    https://img.lemde.fr/2021/03/03/390/0/3829/1914/1440/720/60

    Fatou Bensouda, la procureure de la CPI, a confirmé, le 3 mars, l’ouverture d’une enquête pour les crimes commis, depuis juin 2014, dans les territoires palestiniens occupés. Le manque de soutien des grandes puissances, à commencer par les Etats-Unis, à cette décision est regrettable.

    Editorial du « Monde ». Cinquante-quatre ans après le début de l’occupation de la Cisjordanie et de la bande de Gaza, la politique de l’Etat d’Israël dans ces territoires est désormais sous la loupe de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI), juridiction créée en 2002 sous l’égide des Nations unies, qui siège à La Haye. L’ouverture d’une enquête sur ce dossier explosif a été confirmée, début mars, par la procureure de l’institution, Fatou Bensouda.

    La magistrate gambienne, qui a courageusement passé outre les pressions exercées sur elle par Donald Trump, a fait cette annonce peu après l’arrivée au pouvoir de Joe Biden. L’accueil réservé par le nouveau président démocrate à cette procédure s’annonce comme un marqueur de sa politique proche-orientale. D’autant que l’enquête s’ouvre au moment précis où la normalisation des relations entre Israël et ses voisins arabes, négociée sous Trump, tend à marginaliser la question du droit des Palestiniens à un Etat.
    Dans un rapport publié en 2019, Mme Bensouda envisageait de se pencher sur trois sujets : les crimes présumés commis lors de la guerre de l’été 2014, dans la bande de Gaza, tant par l’armée israélienne que par le Hamas ; la répression de la « marche du retour », dans la bande de Gaza en 2018, qui a fait 200 morts et des milliers de blessés ; et la colonisation juive en Cisjordanie, violation de la convention de Genève, qui interdit de modifier la démographie d’un territoire occupé. Ni les Etats-Unis ni Israël ne reconnaissent la CPI. Mais l’Autorité palestinienne y a adhéré en 2015, après avoir obtenu le statut d’observateur aux Nations unies.

    Un test de crédibilité pour Biden
    L’avocat britannique Karim Khan, qui doit succéder à Fatou Bensouda à la mi-juin, devra faire preuve de la même inflexibilité que sa devancière. Car Joe Biden ne semble pas pressé de respecter l’indépendance de la CPI. Le nouveau président hésite même à lever les sanctions infligées à Fatou Bensouda par Donald Trump, en contradiction avec son engagement à restaurer une diplomatie « des valeurs ». Le signal envoyé par Washington – mais aussi par Berlin, qui a déploré en des termes similaires la décision de la procureure – est d’autant plus regrettable qu’il survient au moment où l’idéal de justice universelle redresse timidement la tête.

    Un premier verdict contre un tortionnaire syrien a été prononcé, fin février, par le tribunal de Coblence, en Allemagne. D’autres procédures sont en cours dans d’autres pays, contre d’autres maillons de la machine répressive du régime Assad, selon le même principe de compétence universelle.

    Les crimes imputés au pouvoir syrien en dix années de guerre civile et ceux reprochés à Israël depuis 1967 ne sont pas de la même nature. Mais ces deux conflits prospèrent sur le même terreau : l’impunité. Le système judiciaire israélien dénie aux Palestiniens toute capacité à obtenir réparation. Les autres voies qu’ils ont explorées pour défendre leurs droits, qu’il s’agisse de la mobilisation populaire non violente, des négociations, du soulèvement armé, du terrorisme ou du recours à l’ONU, ont fini en impasses. Du fait de l’asymétrie entre les parties et de la répugnance des grandes puissances à peser sur Israël pour que cesse sa politique d’annexion et de fait accompli.

    La saisine de la CPI est donc l’ultime planche de salut pour les Palestiniens. C’est un test de crédibilité pour Joe Biden et pour toutes les capitales occidentales qui prétendent défendre la « solution à deux Etats ». Nul ne peut être au-dessus du droit international.

  • Palestinian Dies in Fire After Israeli Forces Detain Firetruck at Checkpoint
    Mar 11, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/palestinian-dies-in-fire-after-israeli-forces-detain-firetruck-at-checkpoint

    Israeli forces detained a firetruck in East Jerusalem Monday, preventing it from reaching the burning home of 34-year old Ahmad Dola. As a result, Dola died in the blaze, and his two-month old infant and his wife suffered moderate-to-severe burns and other injuries.

    The fire apparently started from the electric cord of a heater in the Dola family home while the whole family was sleeping. Ahmad woke up, ran to the neighbors for help and as they called the fire department, Ahmad ran back inside to rescue his wife and baby.

    He succeeded in rescuing his family, but collapsed while trying to escape the home, and died of smoke inhalation. The firetruck, which deployed just moments after receiving the call, was stuck at an Israeli checkpoint despite clearly being in emergency mode with sirens and lights.

    The Israeli soldiers, stationed at Qalandia checkpoint in east Jerusalem, refused to allow the fire truck to pass to be able to extinguish the fire.

    The fire truck was detained for over 30 minutes waiting for a military escort. By the time they managed to arrive, Ahmad was dead.

    #Palestine_assassinée

  • Lettre ouverte à Stevie Wonder : s’il-vous-plaît, dites non à l’Israël de l’apartheid
    Par la Campagne américaine pour le Boycott Académique et Culturel d’Israël (USACBI)
    https://www.bdsfrance.org/lettre-ouverte-stevie-wonder-sil-vous-plait-dites-non-a-israel-de-laparth

    Cher Stevie Wonder,

    Le Collectif d’organisation de la Campagne américaine pour le Boycott Académique et Culturel d’Israël (USACBI) et les soussigné.e.s vous écrivent pour vous exhorter à rester ferme sur votre opposition à l’Apartheid en refusant le Prix Wolf d’Israël.

    Nous aimerions tout d’abord vous exprimer notre reconnaissance et nos remerciements pour votre soutien passé, ferme et réfléchi, aux droits et à la dignité de la personne humaine à travers le monde, ainsi que pour vos actions en tant que musicien de renommée mondiale et votre statut de « Messager de la Paix » de l’ONU.

    Par votre refus de jouer à l’occasion d’une collecte de fonds pour les Amis des FDI en 2012, vous avez clairement poursuivi votre opposition au régime d’apartheid en Afrique du Sud. A ce moment là, vous avez reconnu un fait que Desmond Tutu a lui aussi reconnu ; le régime israélien d’apartheid est pire que celui d’Afrique du Sud.

    Nous sommes sûrs que vous voir remettre le « Prix Wolf » peut vous sembler être un grand honneur, mais nous vous prions de bien vouloir considérer ce que vous allez ratifier si vous l’acceptez : l’occupation et la répression du peuple palestinien ; l’incarcération indéfiniment renouvelable de ses membres sans charge ni procès dans les prisons israéliennes ; la punition collective illégale dont les Palestinien.ne.s souffrent quotidiennement dans toute la Palestine occupée ; le déni du droit au retour pour les Palestinien.ne.s sur leur terre natale – volée et colonisée en 1948 ; et les pratiques continuelles d’apartheid – y compris le refus d’Israël de vacciner la population palestinienne sous son occupation armée contre la COVID, tandis qu’il vaccine les citoyens israéliens.

    Tout ceci est aux mains du régime d’apartheid israélien, et ce prix reflète cette politique.

    Nous restons inspirés par vos actions en 1985 quand, en l’honneur de votre 35ème anniversaire, vous avez parlé et chanté si justement à l’ONU pour défendre l’égalité raciale et dénoncer l’apartheid Sud africain.

    Nous vous demandons de rester fidèle à ces mêmes engagements et d’exiger justice et liberté pour la cause palestinienne de libération nationale.

    Dites NON à ce « Prix », dites NON à la normalisation de l’Apartheid israélien, et soutenez la Justice, l’Égalité et la Liberté pour le peuple palestinien tout entier.

    Vous aussi, signez cette lettre :
    https://usacbi.org/2021/03/stevie-wonder-please-say-no-to-apartheid-israel-an-open-letter

    #Stevie_Wonder #Musique_et_politique #USA #Palestine #Boycott #BDS #Boycott_culturel

  • 11 musicien-ne-s palestinien-ne-s indépendant-e-s que vous devez écouter sans attendre
    Said Said, The National, le 1er février 2021
    https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2021/03/08/34826

    Je note en particulier une version fantastique, live au Danemark, de près de 9 minutes de Everyland par #47Soul :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUmeUdLMpxQ

    Et un rappeur de Jérusalem Est que je ne connaissais pas, #Shabjdeed - Amrikkka
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnQUKgturj0

    #Palestine #Musique #Musique_et_politique

  • Palestinian Woman Dies Of Heart Attack After Soldiers Stormed Her Home
    Feb 18, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/palestinian-woman-dies-of-heart-attack-after-soldiers-stormed-her-home

    A Palestinian woman suffered a fatal heart attack, on Wednesday at dawn, when Israeli soldiers stormed into her home in Abu Njeim village, east of Bethlehem, south of occupied Jerusalem in the West Bank.

    Medical sources said the woman, identified as Rahma Khalil Abu ‘Ahour, 67, suffered a heart attack when the soldiers invaded her home.

    Her family said Rahma initially suffered what seemed to be a severe anxiety attack when the soldiers stormed her home and fainted before she dropped her onto the ground.

    When the medics were called to the scene, they realized she suffered a heart attack, and rushed her to the hospital where she was officially declared dead.

    The family said many soldiers stormed the home at dawn, and started very violent searches of the property, leading to excessive damage, and confiscated Palestinian flags in addition to pictures of late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat.

    They added that the soldiers were very violent when they broke into the property, and the way they searched the home, terrorizing the entire family. (...)

    #Palestine_assassinée

    • It’s not the first time a Palestinian dies this way during a nighttime Israeli army raid
      A 69-year-old Palestinian woman suffered a fatal heart attack in her home when Israeli soldiers arrived in the middle of the night to arrest a relative – who wasn’t present. Last year IDF troops invaded some 2,500 homes in the West Bank
      Gideon Levy, Alex Levac | Mar. 11, 2021 | Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-it-s-not-the-first-time-a-palestinian-dies-this-way-durin

      It was a pleasant evening in the home of the Dalu family in the small village of Abu Nujaym, perched on the edge of the Judean Desert, adjacent to Bethlehem, in the West Bank. A grandmother, Rahma Dalu , was watching television with her son, her daughter-in-law and her grandchildren, along with a neighbor, before going to bed a little before midnight. At 1:15 A.M., the members of the household were jolted awake by noises. The children went on sleeping, but Ali Dalu, Rahma’s son, sat bolt upright in bed, gripped by fear. His mother, who was asleep in the next room, also woke up because of the goings-on outside her window. She too must have been very frightened.

      About 20 soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces were in the house’s yard, accompanied by a dog or two. The troops made their way up to the second story of the building’s four floors, in search of Ali’s cousin, Mohammed Abu Aahur, a divorced man of 30 who works at his father’s studio in Bethlehem.

      Ali, 45, still sitting up in bed, heard increasingly loud coughing from his mother’s bedroom, which faces the yard where the soldiers were milling about. He rushed into the room; it’s very colorful, with birdcages hanging on the walls and an iron bed covered with a purple blanket. Rahma was sitting up in her bed. She complained that she felt chest pains and was having a hard time breathing. Ali didn’t know that these would be among the last breaths his 69-year-old mother would take.

      Abu Nujaym, home to some 1,500 souls, is being increasingly suffocated on all sides by the huge burgeoning settlements of the Etzion Bloc surrounding it. The largest of these, Efrat – bolstered by various offshoots, satellites and outposts – is advancing eastward with giant steps toward the small village, boasting tall apartment buildings such as exist in few West Bank settlements. Only a few hundred meters now separate the sprawling settlement from Abu Nujaym. Soon Efrat will in effect be part of the Jerusalem metropolis, when it achieves territorial contiguity with the city’s Har Homa neighborhood. Thus, the Bethlehem District will become yet another Palestinian enclave, with no exit. For Israelis, Efrat, of course, is in the “settlement-lite” category: wholly “within the consensus,” with residents considered to be politically “moderate.”

      Ali Dalu is a gardener who works for the municipality of Beit Sahur, east of Bethlehem. He’s has four daughters and a son, and earns 2,400 shekels ($720) a month. He has never been to Tel Aviv, has never seen the sea. His extended family – his brother, three sisters and parents – lived in Jordan for years. Three years ago, his father, Ahmed, 68, took a second wife, after which Ali’s mother, Rahma, returned to the family home in Abu Nujaym. Since then she had lived with her son and his family in their apartment.

      Every few months, Rahma would travel to Jordan to visit her daughters and grandchildren there but since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic she hasn’t been able to visit Jordan. For his part, Ahmed has been unable to visit his family in the West Bank since submitting a request for family unification, in 1995, which Israel turned down. Indeed, Ali hasn’t seen his father since his last visit to Jordan, in 2015.

      On February 17, 2021, the IDF raided the Dalu house. Rahma had not complained about feeling unwell that evening, her son tells us now; she’d given herself her nightly insulin injection for her diabetes and gone to bed. She had suffered a minor stroke three months earlier – but was released from Al-Hussein Hospital in nearby Beit Jala without palpable damage and had felt well ever since.

      The cousin, Mohammed Abu Aahur, a wedding photographer, lives upstairs. Last year, soldiers arrested him: According to Ali, they treated the other members of the household respectfully. Abu Aahur was charged with being in possession of firecrackers and other fireworks, and also accused of shooting in the air at weddings. He was sentenced to four months in prison for being in possession of weapons and was slapped with a fine of 25,000 shekels ($7,775). He’d never been arrested before and, according to his family, is not active in any political organization.

      Then, on February 17, troops came to arrest him again. They woke up his father, Ibrahim Abu Aahur, who lives on the floor above him, and ordered him to open his son’s apartment. Mohammed wasn’t home – he was sleeping at a friend’s place. The soldiers carried out a thorough search, leaving mattresses and other items strewn all over the floor. Ali relates that Mohammed’s father told the soldiers he could call his son and ask him to come home, but the soldiers said there was no need. There were still posters on the walls congratulating Abu Aahur on his release from prison a few weeks earlier; the soldiers took them down and tore them up. While all this was going on, for about an hour, Ali recalls, he was afraid to leave his apartment, but his mother’s condition was deteriorating.

      Ali woke his wife, Rana, 32, who had slept through the ruckus, and told her that he had to take his mother to the hospital. Rahma tried to dress herself but was unable to stand up. Ali and Rana were afraid to ask other family members in the building for help, because the soldiers were still there, but somehow he managed to take Rahma to their car. The soldiers didn’t keep them from leaving the house or from driving off, nor did they offer to help. Rahma lay on the back seat, her head in Rana’s lap as Ali drove to Al-Hussein Hospital, about 10 kilometers away. But just before they arrived, when they were about 200 meters away, Rahma stopped breathing. Efforts to resuscitate her failed. The physicians pronounced her dead. Cause of death: myocardial infarction. Rahma was laid to rest on the one day it snowed last month in a family plot near Rachel’s Tomb in Bethlehem.

      The IDF Spokesperson’s Unit issued the following response to Haaretz’s query about the reason for the raid on the house in Abu Nujaym: “During the night of February 17, 2021, IDF forces carried out a hunt for weapons in a house in Abu Nujaym village, which is in the jurisdiction of the Etzion territorial brigade. In the wake of a report following the operation regarding the death of a family member of a resident of the house, the event will be investigated.”

      Ali tells us now that he doesn’t blame anyone for his mother’s death. He denies outright any rumors to the effect that she was beaten by soldiers before she died. The troops didn’t even enter their apartment, he says. Was she overcome by fear when hearing troops outside her window in the night, and did that cause her heart to fail? There is no way to assess that. But the disturbing question is why the soldiers showed up in the first place, as they do at so many Palestinian houses every night. Moreover, Mohammed Abu Aahur has been living at home without any problems since the incident a few weeks ago, and is not in hiding; as far as is known, he is not wanted by the Israeli authorities. The army has not returned to the house since. Why, then, did they raid it?

      His cousin Ali is convinced that the troops were involved in an exercise intended to train them in carrying out arrests. This would not be the first time soldiers have done such a thing – rousing women, men, the elderly and children whilse they are fast asleep in their beds. It’s also not the first time people have died during such frightening nocturnal activities.

      The Israel human rights organization B’Tselem has documented some similar episodes. On November 26, 2008, Hikmat Shukari al-Sheikh died of a heart attack when soldiers arrived to arrest her son in the Qalandiyah refugee camp. On September 18, 2018, Mohammed Khatib, from Beit Rima, died a few hours after being arrested in his home. Mussa Abu Miala, 67, from the Shoafat camp, was injured on the night of June 1, 2019, when he was pushed by Border Police personnel, disguised as Arabs, who arrived to arrest his grandson; he died 18 days later from complications resulting from his injury.

      In a sense, even more distressing than the deaths is the appalling number of nighttime raids and arrest operations, some of which are intended solely to sow fear, demonstrate control and power, or as part of training the forces undergo so they will maintain their vigilance. Naturally, the fact that most of these operations are in blatant contradiction of the Oslo Accords no longer stirs any interest within Israel.

      According to data of B’Tselem, in 2020, a relatively quiet year, Israeli security forces carried out at least 3,000 nocturnal raids on Palestinian towns and villages. They invaded at least 2,480 homes and roughly woke up their occupants. According to data from the Palestinian coordination and liaison headquarters, from the beginning of 2021 until this past Monday, the IDF and the Shin Bet security service had carried out 692 patrols and 627 home invasions in Palestinian towns and villages, arresting 731 Palestinians, 63 of them minors. Virtually no night goes by without a raid, without an arrest. And it’s always frightening. You can even die from it.

  • L’ #Histgeobox a invité #Coline_Houssais, spécialiste des cultures du monde arabe et auteure d’une très précieuse Anthologie des musiques du monde arabe (Le mot et le reste, 2020), à nous faire découvrir la richesse des musiques de cet espace.

    "Il y a tellement de genres musicaux dans le monde arabe" - Entretien avec Coline Houssais
    L’histgeobox, le 11 novembre 2020
    https://lhistgeobox.blogspot.com/2020/11/il-y-tellement-de-genres-musicaux-dans.html

    Avec cette playlist de 23 morceaux :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLC4aXCnIeE1tT5R-s-9NCBfDUyXbWwxn2&v=vEQcgPWAciU

    Dont je retiendrai deux titres :

    #Abdel_Halim_Hafez - Gana El Hawa (1969) tirée de la comédie musicale égyptienne à succès Abi fawq al-chagara, dernier film avec Abdel Halim Hafez, connu à l’époque pour son grand nombre de baisers entre lui et #Nadia_Lutfi... La séquence de cette chanson se déroule lors d’un voyage du couple à #Beyrouth...
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dy8d_bg88ZY

    Le film en question, mais sans sous-titres :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6XW_plS_dk

    Et #Vigon - Sidi H’bibi (2019)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlJfPgjttk8

    Contrairement à ce que dit l’article, la version funk de ce classique de la musique arabo-andalouse ne date pas des années 1960, où le marocain Vigon chantait effectivement déjà de la soul, mais de son retour sur le devant de la scène en 2019, avec le groupe de Didier Marty... Vous en connaissiez peut-être aussi la reprise punk de La Mano Negra en 1989 ? Par Renaud en 1990 ?

    Deuxième article de Coline Houssais, complémentaire :

    #Fayrouz - Al Qouds Al Atiqa (La vieille ville de Jérusalem) (1967)
    L’histgeobox, le 11 novembre 2020
    https://lhistgeobox.blogspot.com/2020/11/fayrouz-al-qouds-al-atiqa-la-vieille.html
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeotb4UrmAo

    #Musique #Musique_et_politique #Musique_Arabe #Egypte #Maroc #Liban #Palestine #Jérusalem

    Je ne sais pas pourquoi @bricabraque ne l’a pas annoncé ici, du coup je le découvre en retard...