• Dark Waters Is a Terrifying Exploration of the Real-Life Horrors Committed by DuPont Chemicals


    j’aime ces acteurs, mais le #film est pesant, très « didactique » ; sur le fond, en revanche, wow… le PFOA (le composé que DuPont a exploité pour le teflon et d’autres produits), qui provoque #cancer et autres maladies, est désormais présent dans 99% des organismes vivants de la planète…

    #industrie #chimie #pollution #santé

  • Le shithole country s’est surpassé, sur ce coup-là...

    Corona beer sounds like coronavirus, but it’s not making any changes to its marketing

    5W Public Relations said that 38% of Americans wouldn’t buy Corona “under any circumstances” because of the outbreak, and another 14% said they wouldn’t order a Corona in public. The survey encompasses polling from 737 beer drinkers in the United States.

    In another survey conducted by YouGov, the firm found consumers’ intent to purchase Corona fell to its lowest level in two years. The survey also showed that Corona’s buzz score, a metric that that measures favorability, has dropped significantly since the beginning of the year.

  • Deciphering Turkey’s darkest night in Syria

    Via Joshua Landis

    What caused Russia to react so violently and provocatively while a Russian delegation was holding talks in Ankara in a bid to ease the tensions in Idlib? 


    Things came to a head on the morning of Feb. 27, when according to Russian media, Russian aircraft flying over southern Idlib became the target of intensive fire from man-portable air-defense systems, known as MANPADS, from Turkish military outposts in the area. Simultaneously, MANPADS and drone attacks reportedly threatened the Khmeimim base, Russia’s key military facility in Syria. Russian sources, contacted by Al-Monitor, claim that more than 15 MANPADS attacks, carried out directly by Turkish troops, targeted Russian and Syrian jets conducting air raids in southern Idlib after 1 p.m. that day. Some Russian aircraft allegedly suffered damage as they maneuvered to escape the fire. As the attacks on the planes and the Khmeimim base reached an intensity deemed intolerable, the Turkish convoy was hit at 5 p.m.

    After the attack, Moscow rejected Ankara’s request to open the Idlib air space to Turkish helicopters to airlift the casualties. As a result, the dead and the wounded were transported by road to a hospital in Reyhanli, a Turkish border town about 70 kilometers (43 miles) from the area.

  • Listen to Spotify from the Command Line with ‘ncspot’

    If you’re a Spotify Premium subscriber — get you, fancy pants — did you know you easily stream music from the command line? Like, music from the actual Spotify library? Well, you can! And it’s […] This post, Listen to Spotify from the Command Line with ‘ncspot’, was written by Joey Sneddon and first appeared on OMG! Ubuntu!.

  • Les #dépenses des ménages en #boissons depuis 1960 - Insee Première - 1794

    En 2018, les ménages consacrent 2,9 % de leur budget aux boissons consommées à domicile. Cette part a fortement baissé en 60 ans ; elle s’élevait à 6,4 % en 1960. Les préférences des consommateurs ont évolué : dans le budget boissons, la part des dépenses en boissons alcoolisées s’est réduite au profit des boissons non alcoolisées. En moyenne, par an, un ménage français dépense 476 euros en boissons non alcoolisées et 707 euros en boissons alcoolisées.

    Les vins, cidres et champagnes ont un poids plus élevé dans les dépenses en boissons alcoolisées dans certaines régions de production viticole. Les plus jeunes se tournent davantage vers la bière et les plus modestes consomment plus de #sodas.

    Les ménages français restent parmi les plus gros consommateurs d’alcool au sein de l’Union européenne : en 2016, la France est le huitième pays consommateur d’#alcool pur par personne.

  • Au Canada, de plus en plus de gens (et de médias) s’inquiètent, comme LIBBY EMMONS, de la mise au secret par le gouvernement Trudeau d’une évaluation (nécessaire en loi) des effets sexospécifiques de l’accréditation de « l’identité de genre et l’expression de genre » comme critères protégés contre toute discrimination. Cet ajout à la loi annule apparemment le critère de « sexe » comme critère de discrimination dans la Loi canadienne sur les droits de la personne, dans la mesure où tout homme peut maintenant se dire « femme » (sans preuve) et donc se prétendre « discriminé » par les ressources dédiées aux femmes (locaux, services, disciplines sportives, listes politiques, subventions universitaires, emplois, etc.) https://tradfem.wordpress.com/2020/02/27/le-gouvernement-trudeau-refuse-de-divulguer-les-donnees-de-recher

  • Schools Are Pushing the Boundaries of Surveillance Technologies | Electronic Frontier Foundation

    A school district in New York recently adopted facial recognition technology to monitor students, and it is now one of a growing number of schools across the country conducting mass privacy violations of kids in the name of “safety.” The invasive use of surveillance technologies in schools has grown exponentially, often without oversight or recourse for concerned students or their parents. Not only that, but schools are experimenting with the very same surveillance technologies that (...)

    #EFF #surveillance #étudiants #enseignement #vidéo-surveillance #reconnaissance #facial #biométrie #CCTV #algorithme (...)


  • Thousands of women are trapped in Lebanon. They risk jail time to leave - CNN.com

    Long article avec des photos intéressantes, sur un sujet trop peu traité"...

    Rights groups estimate that tens of thousands of migrant women in Lebanon are undocumented. For these workers, the hurdles to leaving the country could amount to a dead-end.

    In a December 2019 statement, a coalition of international women’s and human rights groups likened Lebanon’s migrant domestic worker population to “hostages.”

    The coalition called on embassies and Lebanese authorities to acknowledge that the predominantly African and South Asian migrant workers — estimated by Amnesty International to be more than 250,000 people — were “hit hardest” by Lebanon’s economic and political crisis.

    Since October, Lebanon’s economy has buckled under soaring prices, a tanking currency, ballooning unemployment and a growing debt crisis.

    #liban #migrants #esclavagisme

  • Article du Akhbar sur le chantage américain contre le Liban : L’Europe n’aidera pas le Liban sans l’approbation américaine

    L’idée est que les États-Unis veulent accentuer le blocus politique et économique du Liban, et comptent bien utiliser l’effondrement de l’économie, et les risques qui pèsent sur les moyens de subsistance de la population, dans le but de lui imposer leur politique contre le Hezbollah.

    L’article indique que la France prétend vouloir tenir une position différente de celle des États-Unis. Mais, dans la pratique, aucun État européen n’aidera le Liban sans autorisation américaine.

  • Who Profits from the Opioid Crisis? Meet the Secretive Sackler Family Making Billions from OxyContin - YouTube

    https://democracynow.org - This week, President Donald Trump’s nominee for drug czar, Republican Congressmember Tom Marino, had to withdraw from consideration after a Washington Post/”60 Minutes” investigation found he led a drug industry-backed effort to pass a law that weakened the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration’s ability to crack down on addictive opioids. Meanwhile, calls are growing to look at the major pharmaceutical companies that have fueled the opioid crisis. A new investigation by Esquire magazine reveals how the secretive Sackler family, owners of the company that invented OxyContin, downplayed the risks of addiction and exploited doctors’ confusion over the drug’s strength. We speak with Christopher Glazek, the Esquire reporter behind the story.

    #Opioides #Sackler #Conflit_opinion

  • Une hypothèse inattendue concernant Assange

    Une hypothèse inattendue concernant Assange

    Le journaliste Robert Bridge, de nationalité américaine et collaborateur régulier de RT.com, propose une hypothèse étonnante concernant Julian Assange. Actuellement se déroule le procès où un tribunal britannique doit décider si Assange sera ou non extradé vers les USA où il risque 175 ans de prison du fait des diverses accusations lancées contre lui. On connaît les conditions scandaleuses de ce procès, tout comme celles, particulièrement cruelles, des divers épisodes du calvaire d’Assange depuis sept ans, d’abord à l’ambassade de l’Équateur à Londres, puis dans une prison britannique. Nul ne doute que si Assange est extradé aux USA, il sera l’objet d’un traitement impitoyable de la part des autorités US.

    Bridge envisage la question d’un autre point de vue, selon (...)

  • PRESS RELEASE: ACLED Expands Coverage to Latin America and the Caribbean | ACLED

    27 February 2020: The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED) has now expanded real-time coverage to Latin America and the Caribbean. These new data span more than 40 countries and territories, adding over 40,000 political violence and protest events to the ACLED dataset from the beginning of 2019 to the present.

    Access this press release as a PDF here. Access it in Spanish here.
    Political Violence and Protest in Latin America: 2019

    ACLED records more than 40,000 disorder events in the region
    Over 19,400 are political violence events
    More than 11,500 are civilian targeting events
    Over half of these are reported in Mexico and nearly one fifth in Brazil
    Over 19,500 are demonstration events
    Over four-fifths are peaceful protests without intervention, mainly recorded in Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela, Argentina, and Chile
    ACLED records over 19,000 reported fatalities stemming from disorder last year
    Approximately half are reported in Mexico and one quarter in Brazil
    Nearly a third stem from battles between state forces and non-state armed groups, including gangs, as well as clashes between non-state armed groups
    Civilians in Latin America face high levels of political violence, accounting for at least two-thirds of all fatalities reported across the region in 2019
    More than half of all civilian fatalities are recorded in Mexico and nearly a fifth in Brazil
    The primary perpetrators of violence targeting civilians are anonymous or unidentified armed groups, as well as anonymous or unidentified criminal gangs. Together, these groups are responsible for over half of all civilian fatalities

  • How Dating Became a ’Market’ - The Atlantic

    February 25, 2020 by Ashley Fetters and Kaitlyn Tiffany - The ‘Dating Market’ Is Getting Worse

    The old but newly popular notion that one’s love life can be analyzed like an economy is flawed—and it’s ruining romance.

    Ever since her last relationship ended this past August, Liz has been consciously trying not to treatThe ‘Dating Market’ Is Getting Worse

    The old but newly popular notion that one’s love life can be analyzed like an economy is flawed—and it’s ruining romance.
    Ashley FettersKaitlyn Tiffany
    February 25, 2020 dating as a “numbers game.” By the 30-year-old Alaskan’s own admission, however, it hasn’t been going great.

    Liz has been going on Tinder dates frequently, sometimes multiple times a week—one of her New Year’s resolutions was to go on every date she was invited on. But Liz, who asked to be identified only by her first name in order to avoid harassment, can’t escape a feeling of impersonal, businesslike detachment from the whole pursuit.

    “It’s like, ‘If this doesn’t go well, there are 20 other guys who look like you in my inbox.’ And I’m sure they feel the same way—that there are 20 other girls who are willing to hang out, or whatever,” she said. “People are seen as commodities, as opposed to individuals.”

    It’s understandable that someone like Liz might internalize the idea that dating is a game of probabilities or ratios, or a marketplace in which single people just have to keep shopping until they find “the one.” The idea that a dating pool can be analyzed as a marketplace or an economy is both recently popular and very old: For generations, people have been describing newly single people as “back on the market” and analyzing dating in terms of supply and demand. In 1960, the Motown act the Miracles recorded “Shop Around,” a jaunty ode to the idea of checking out and trying on a bunch of new partners before making a “deal.” The economist Gary Becker, who would later go on to win the Nobel Prize, began applying economic principles to marriage and divorce rates in the early 1970s. More recently, a plethora of market-minded dating books are coaching singles on how to seal a romantic deal, and dating apps, which have rapidly become the mode du jour for single people to meet each other, make sex and romance even more like shopping.

    The unfortunate coincidence is that the fine-tuned analysis of dating’s numbers game and the streamlining of its trial-and-error process of shopping around have taken place as dating’s definition has expanded from “the search for a suitable marriage partner” into something decidedly more ambiguous. Meanwhile, technologies have emerged that make the market more visible than ever to the average person, encouraging a ruthless mind-set of assigning “objective” values to potential partners and to ourselves—with little regard for the ways that framework might be weaponized. The idea that a population of single people can be analyzed like a market might be useful to some extent to sociologists or economists, but the widespread adoption of it by single people themselves can result in a warped outlook on love.

    Moira Weigel, the author of Labor of Love: The Invention of Dating, argues that dating as we know it—single people going out together to restaurants, bars, movies, and other commercial or semicommercial spaces—came about in the late 19th century. “Almost everywhere, for most of human history, courtship was supervised. And it was taking place in noncommercial spaces: in homes, at the synagogue,” she said in an interview. “Somewhere where other people were watching. What dating does is it takes that process out of the home, out of supervised and mostly noncommercial spaces, to movie theaters and dance halls.” Modern dating, she noted, has always situated the process of finding love within the realm of commerce—making it possible for economic concepts to seep in.

    The application of the supply-and-demand concept, Weigel said, may have come into the picture in the late 19th century, when American cities were exploding in population. “There were probably, like, five people your age in [your hometown],” she told me. “Then you move to the city because you need to make more money and help support your family, and you’d see hundreds of people every day.” When there are bigger numbers of potential partners in play, she said, it’s much more likely that people will begin to think about dating in terms of probabilities and odds.

    Eva Illouz, directrice d’etudes (director of studies) at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, who has written about the the application of economic principles to romance, agrees that dating started to be understood as a marketplace as courtship rituals left private spheres, but she thinks the analogy fully crystallized when the sexual revolution of the mid-20th century helped dissolve many lingering traditions and taboos around who could or should date whom. People began assessing for themselves what the costs or benefits of certain partnerships might be—a decision that used to be a family’s rather than an individual’s. “What you have is people meeting each other directly, which is exactly the situation of a market,” she said. “Everybody’s looking at everybody, in a way.”

    In the modern era, it seems probable that the way people now shop online for goods—in virtual marketplaces, where they can easily filter out features they do and don’t want—has influenced the way people “shop” for partners, especially on dating apps, which often allow that same kind of filtering. The behavioral economics researcher and dating coach Logan Ury said in an interview that many single people she works with engage in what she calls “relationshopping.”

    Read: The rise of dating-app fatigue

    “People, especially as they get older, really know their preferences. So they think that they know what they want,” Ury said—and retroactively added quotation marks around the words “know what they want.” “Those are things like ‘I want a redhead who’s over 5’7”,’ or ‘I want a Jewish man who at least has a graduate degree.’” So they log in to a digital marketplace and start narrowing down their options. “They shop for a partner the way that they would shop for a camera or Bluetooth headphones,” she said.

    But, Ury went on, there’s a fatal flaw in this logic: No one knows what they want so much as they believe they know what they want. Actual romantic chemistry is volatile and hard to predict; it can crackle between two people with nothing in common and fail to materialize in what looks on paper like a perfect match. Ury often finds herself coaching her clients to broaden their searches and detach themselves from their meticulously crafted “checklists.”

    The fact that human-to-human matches are less predictable than consumer-to-good matches is just one problem with the market metaphor; another is that dating is not a one-time transaction. Let’s say you’re on the market for a vacuum cleaner—another endeavor in which you might invest considerable time learning about and weighing your options, in search of the best fit for your needs. You shop around a bit, then you choose one, buy it, and, unless it breaks, that’s your vacuum cleaner for the foreseeable future. You likely will not continue trying out new vacuums, or acquire a second and third as your “non-primary” vacuums. In dating, especially in recent years, the point isn’t always exclusivity, permanence, or even the sort of long-term relationship one might have with a vacuum. With the rise of “hookup culture” and the normalization of polyamory and open relationships, it’s perfectly common for people to seek partnerships that won’t necessarily preclude them from seeking other partnerships, later on or in addition. This makes supply and demand a bit harder to parse. Given that marriage is much more commonly understood to mean a relationship involving one-to-one exclusivity and permanence, the idea of a marketplace or economy maps much more cleanly onto matrimony than dating.

    The marketplace metaphor also fails to account for what many daters know intuitively: that being on the market for a long time—or being off the market, and then back on, and then off again—can change how a person interacts with the marketplace. Obviously, this wouldn’t affect a material good in the same way. Families repeatedly moving out of houses, for example, wouldn’t affect the houses’ feelings, but being dumped over and over by a series of girlfriends might change a person’s attitude toward finding a new partner. Basically, ideas about markets that are repurposed from the economy of material goods don’t work so well when applied to sentient beings who have emotions. Or, as Moira Weigel put it, “It’s almost like humans aren’t actually commodities.”

    When market logic is applied to the pursuit of a partner and fails, people can start to feel cheated. This can cause bitterness and disillusionment, or worse. “They have a phrase here where they say the odds are good but the goods are odd,” Liz said, because in Alaska on the whole there are already more men than women, and on the apps the disparity is even sharper. She estimates that she gets 10 times as many messages as the average man in her town. “It sort of skews the odds in my favor,” she said. “But, oh my gosh, I’ve also received a lot of abuse.”

    Recently, Liz matched with a man on Tinder who invited her over to his house at 11 p.m. When she declined, she said, he called her 83 times later that night, between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. And when she finally answered and asked him to stop, he called her a “bitch” and said he was “teaching her a lesson.” It was scary, but Liz said she wasn’t shocked, as she has had plenty of interactions with men who have “bubbling, latent anger” about the way things are going for them on the dating market. Despite having received 83 phone calls in four hours, Liz was sympathetic toward the man. “At a certain point,” she said, “it becomes exhausting to cast your net over and over and receive so little.”

    Read: Tinder’s most notorious men

    This violent reaction to failure is also present in conversations about “sexual market value”—a term so popular on Reddit that it is sometimes abbreviated as “SMV”—which usually involve complaints that women are objectively overvaluing themselves in the marketplace and belittling the men they should be trying to date.

    The logic is upsetting but clear: The (shaky) foundational idea of capitalism is that the market is unfailingly impartial and correct, and that its mechanisms of supply and demand and value exchange guarantee that everything is fair. It’s a dangerous metaphor to apply to human relationships, because introducing the idea that dating should be “fair” subsequently introduces the idea that there is someone who is responsible when it is unfair. When the market’s logic breaks down, it must mean someone is overriding the laws. And in online spaces populated by heterosexual men, heterosexual women have been charged with the bulk of these crimes.

    “The typical clean-cut, well-spoken, hard-working, respectful, male” who makes six figures should be a “magnet for women,” someone asserted recently in a thread posted in the tech-centric forum Hacker News. But instead, the poster claimed, this hypothetical man is actually cursed because the Bay Area has one of the worst “male-female ratios among the single.” The responses are similarly disaffected and analytical, some arguing that the gender ratio doesn’t matter, because women only date tall men who are “high earners,” and they are “much more selective” than men. “This can be verified on practically any dating app with a few hours of data,” one commenter wrote.

    Economic metaphors provide the language for conversations on Reddit with titles like “thoughts on what could be done to regulate the dating market,” and for a subreddit named sarcastically “Where Are All The Good Men?” with the stated purpose of “exposing” all the women who have “unreasonable standards” and offer “little to no value themselves.” (On the really extremist end, some suggest that the government should assign girlfriends to any man who wants one.) Which is not at all to say that heterosexual men are the only ones thinking this way: In the 54,000-member subreddit r/FemaleDatingStrategy, the first “principle” listed in its official ideology is “be a high value woman.” The group’s handbook is thousands of words long, and also emphasizes that “as women, we have the responsibility to be ruthless in our evaluation of men.”

    The design and marketing of dating apps further encourage a cold, odds-based approach to love. While they have surely created, at this point, thousands if not millions of successful relationships, they have also aggravated, for some men, their feeling that they are unjustly invisible to women.

    Men outnumber women dramatically on dating apps; this is a fact. A 2016 literature review also found that men are more active users of these apps—both in the amount of time they spend on them and the number of interactions they attempt. Their experience of not getting as many matches or messages, the numbers say, is real.

    But data sets made available by the apps can themselves be wielded in unsettling ways by people who believe the numbers are working against them. A since-deleted 2017 blog post on the dating app Hinge’s official website explained an experiment conducted by a Hinge engineer, Aviv Goldgeier. Using the Gini coefficient, a common measure of income inequality within a country, and counting “likes” as income, Goldgeier determined that men had a much higher (that is, worse) Gini coefficient than women. With these results, Goldgeier compared the “female dating economy” to Western Europe and the “male dating economy” to South Africa. This is, obviously, an absurd thing to publish on a company blog, but not just because its analysis is so plainly accusatory and weakly reasoned. It’s also a bald-faced admission that the author—and possibly the company he speaks for—is thinking about people as sets of numbers.

    In a since-deleted 2009 official blog post, an OkCupid employee’s data analysis showed women rating men as “worse-looking than medium” 80 percent of the time, and concluded, “Females of OkCupid, we site founders say to you: ouch! Paradoxically, it seems it’s women, not men, who have unrealistic standards for the opposite sex.” This post, more than a decade later, is referenced in men’s-rights or men’s-interest subreddits as “infamous” and “we all know it.”

    Even without these creepy blog posts, dating apps can amplify a feeling of frustration with dating by making it seem as if it should be much easier. The Stanford economist Alvin Roth has argued that Tinder is, like the New York Stock Exchange, a “thick” market where lots of people are trying to complete transactions, and that the main problem with dating apps is simply congestion. To him, the idea of a dating market is not new at all. “Have you ever read any of the novels of Jane Austen?” he asked. “Pride and Prejudice is a very market-oriented novel. Balls were the internet of the day. You went and showed yourself off.”

    Read: The five years that changed dating

    Daters have—or appear to have—a lot more choices on a dating app in 2020 than they would have at a provincial dance party in rural England in the 1790s, which is good, until it’s bad. The human brain is not equipped to process and respond individually to thousands of profiles, but it takes only a few hours on a dating app to develop a mental heuristic for sorting people into broad categories. In this way, people can easily become seen as commodities—interchangeable products available for acquisition or trade. “What the internet apps do is that they enable you to see, for the first time ever in history, the market of possible partners,” Illouz, the Hebrew University sociology professor, said. Or, it makes a dater think they can see the market, when really all they can see is what an algorithm shows them.

    The idea of the dating market is appealing because a market is something a person can understand and try to manipulate. But fiddling with the inputs—by sending more messages, going on more dates, toggling and re-toggling search parameters, or even moving to a city with a better ratio—isn’t necessarily going to help anybody succeed on that market in a way that’s meaningful to them.

    Last year, researchers at Ohio State University examined the link between loneliness and compulsive use of dating apps—interviewing college students who spent above-average time swiping—and found a terrible feedback loop: The lonelier you are, the more doggedly you will seek out a partner, and the more negative outcomes you’re likely to be faced with, and the more alienated from other people you will feel. This happens to men and women in the same way.

    “We found no statistically significant differences for gender at all,” the lead author, Katy Coduto, said in an email. “Like, not even marginally significant.”

    There may always have been a dating market, but today people’s belief that they can see it and describe it and control their place in it is much stronger. And the way we speak becomes the way we think, as well as a glaze to disguise the way we feel. Someone who refers to looking for a partner as a numbers game will sound coolly aware and pragmatic, and guide themselves to a more odds-based approach to dating. But they may also suppress any honest expression of the unbearably human loneliness or desire that makes them keep doing the math.

    #startups #société #mariage #etremmeteurs

  • « Vie et destin », le manuscrit emprisonné



    D’abord proche du régime soviétique, Vassili Grossman devient progressivement anti-stalinien. Son œuvre, tout en dépeignant la société russe, rend compte de sa nouvelle prise de conscience politique, de cette mutation idéologique et politique.

    Ecrivain engagé, Grossman combat sur le front dès 1941 et devient correspondant de guerre du régime. Après la victoire de Stalingrad, il suit l’armée rouge vers Berlin et est l’un des premiers à découvrir l’horreur nazie lors de la libération du camp d’extermination de Treblinka.

    #urss #ex-urss #littérature #dissidence #censure #kgb #krouchtchev

  • A la veille des élections israéliennes : le « plan Trump » est-il applicable ? 27 février 2020 Par René Backmann| Mediapart

    Un avocat israélien, défenseur des Palestiniens victimes de la colonisation, Michael Sfard, et un cartographe palestinien, Khalil Tafakji, analysent la nature profonde du « plan Trump » et la portée de ses retombées en Israël et dans les territoires. Entretien croisé.

  • Wer hat’s erfunden? Ottomar Anschütz!: 125 Jahre Kino – Erinnerung an einen Pionier der Serienfotografie und Kinematografie - Friedenau

    Das Kino feiert 125. Geburtstag. Als Erfinder der laufenden Bilder nennt man gemeinhin die Brüder Lumière. Aber waren die Franzosen es wirklich? Zumindest gelten die in rascher Folge projizierten Chronofotografien des Friedenauers Ottomar Anschütz als Vorläufer des Kinofilms.

    Nehmen wir das Jubiläum zum Anlass, auf seine Erfindung zurückzublicken. Ottomar Anschütz (1846-1907), der in einem Ehrengrab des Landes Berlin auf dem Friedhof Friedenau ruht, präsentierte am 25. November 1894 zum ersten Mal öffentlich seinen bereits patentierten „Projektions-Schnellseher“. Vor einem geladenen Kreis wurden im großen Hörsaal des Postfuhramts in der Artilleriestraße „lebende Bilder“ auf einer sechsmal acht Meter großen Leinwand gezeigt. Den Projektor bediente Anschütz’ Sohn Guido, ein gelernter Mechaniker. Auch er wohnte in Friedenau, in der Sponholzstraße 4b. Das Ereignis fand neun Monate vor der ersten öffentlichen Vorstellung der Lumière-Brüder im Pariser Grand Café statt. Holger Anschütz, größter Fan seines Urgroßvaters, weiß mehr: „Nachmittags wurde die Vorführung zu Wohltätigkeitszwecken für die Mitglieder der photographischen Vereine wiederholt. Für die Vorbereitungen waren ihm Räume in dem noch nicht vollendeten Reichstagsgebäude zur Verfügung gestellt worden.“

    In der 90-minütigen Vorführung sahen die Zuschauer fünf Bilderreihen: einen Kürassier im langsamen Trab, einen Parademarsch, ein Schnellfeuer, ein schreitendes Kamel und den Pferdsprung eines Turners. Ottomar Anschütz benutzte für Aufnahmen und Projektion keinen damals wenig zuverlässigen amerikanischen Kodakfilm, sondern Glasplatten. Der Nachteil: Das Zentrieren der Glasplatten machte viel Arbeit und verlangte größte Präzision. „Dies dauerte im Durchschnitt für ein Bild eine Stunde“, berichtet Holger Anschütz. „Also für eine Bildreihe 24 Arbeitsstunden.“ Trotzdem war Ottomar Anschütz nach den ersten Vorführungen nicht zufrieden. Der Apparat ratterte zu sehr. Die Bilder waren zu wackelig. Anschütz tüftelte die nächsten Monate an seinem Projektions-Schnellseher weiter.

    Am 22. Februar 1895 präsentierte der Erfinder im Sitzungssaal des alten Reichstagsgebäudes in der Leipziger Straße 4 vor rund 300 Zuschauern ein 40 Bildreihen umfassendes Programm. Über die Bildreihe „Einseifen beim Barbier“ schrieb im selben Jahr die Fachzeitschrift „Photographische Rundschau“: „Unter den von Anschütz vorgeführten Reihenaufnahmen ist das Einseifen beim Barbier von geradezu überwältigender Komik, ein Herr sitzt zurückgelehnt auf dem Stuhle, vor ihm steht der mit Seife und Pinsel bewaffnete Barbier und waltet seines Amtes. Seitwärts zieht der Gehilfe das Messer auf dem Streichriemen ab. Das langsame Hin- und Herfahren des Messers auf dem Riemen, die Körperbewegung des einseifenden Barbiers und das Fingerspiel des Eingeseiften sind von unübertrefflicher Naturtreue.”

    Holger Anschütz gibt zu bedenken, dass es sich bei den Bildreihen um sorgfältig inszenierte Darbietungen mit Schauspielern oder oder zumindest Darstellern in Kulissen handelt. „Die ganze Handlung und jede Bewegung aller Personen waren vorher in allen Einzelheiten geplant. Heute würde man von einem Drehbuch und von einer Regie sprechen“, sagt er. Die Schlussfolgerung des Urenkels: „Ottomar Anschütz war hiermit unbewusst zum ersten Drehbuchautor und Regisseur geworden.“

    Trotz der Erfolge war dem Projektor nur ein kurzes Leben beschieden. Den perforierten Film hat Anschütz nicht erfunden. Doch er hat die entscheidende Vorarbeit geleistet. Ohne den Schnellseher kein Kinematograph. „Sein ganzes Leben lang hielt er die Details seiner Chronophotographie-Kamera geheim. Erst 1940, 33 Jahre nach dem Tod von Ottomar, beschreibt sein Sohn diese Serienkamera”, schließt Urenkel Holger Anschütz.


    #Film #Friedenau #Geschichte #Städtischer_Friedhof #Stubenrauchstraße

  • Reverse Engineering de l’#algorithme de #TikTok

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    La partie audio est retranscrite : cette retranscription permet de comprendre encore mieux le contenu de la vidéo.
    – Meta Data : toutes les données de la vidéo sont prises en compte, comme le nom de la vidéo, sa description et les hashtags utilisés par son auteur.

    (…) Une fois que TikTok a analysé le contenu de la vidéo, il va ensuite la booster au sein de son application, mais auprès d’un échantillon d’utilisateurs dans un premier temps. Cette étape va aider la plateforme à évaluer la viralité d’un contenu vidéo, en mesurant la réaction des utilisateurs avec la vidéo, en fonction d’un système de métriques reliés à un barème de points :

    Taux de revisionnage : 10 points
    Taux de complétion : 8 points
    Partages : 6 points
    Commentaires : 4 points
    Likes : 2 points
    TikTok s’appuie en particulier sur les taux d’engagement par utilisateur, qui correspondent aux interactions les mieux notées, comparé aux commentaires et aux likes.