• Greece ready to welcome tourists as refugees stay locked down in Lesbos

    In #Moria, Europe’s largest migrant camp, tensions are rising as life is more restricted and the threat of Covid-19 is ever present

    Children fly kites between tents in the shadow of barbed wire fences as life continues in Europe’s largest refugee camp. There are 17,421 people living here in a space designed for just under 3,000. Residents carrying liquid soap and water barrels encourage everyone to wash their hands as they pass by, refugees and aid workers alike. While Moria remains untouched by the pandemic, the spectre of coronavirus still looms heavy.

    Greece is poised to open up to tourism in the coming months and bars and restaurants are reopening this week. Movement restrictions were lifted for the general population on 4 May but have been extended for refugees living in all the island camps and a number of mainland camps until 7 June.

    According to the migration ministry, this is part of the country’s Covid-19 precautions. Greece has had remarkable success in keeping transmission and death rates from coronavirus low.

    Calls for the mass evacuation of Moria, on the island of Lesbos, by aid workers and academics, have so far gone unheeded.

    The news of the extended lockdown has been met with dismay by some in the camp. “Why do they keep extending it just for refugees?” one resident says. Hadi, 17, an artist from Afghanistan, is distributing flyers, which underline the importance of hand washing. He gingerly taps on the outside of a tent or makeshift hut to hand over the flyer. “People were dancing at the prospect of being able to leave, now they have another two weeks of lockdown,” he says.

    Before the coronavirus restrictions, residents were able to leave Moria freely; now police cars monitor both exits to ensure that only those with a permit can get out. About 70 of these are handed out each day on top of those for medical appointments.

    Halime, 25, gave birth just over two weeks ago in the Mytilene hospital on Lesbos. She cradles her newborn daughter in the small hut she shares with her husband and two other young children. May is proving one of the hottest on record in Greece and her hut is sweltering. “We always wash our hands of course,” she says. “Corona isn’t our biggest concern here at the moment, how do we raise our children in a place like this? It’s so hot, and there are so many fights.”


    Halime left home in Baghlan, Afghanistan, with two children after her husband, a farmer, was asked to join the Taliban and refused. They have been living in the camp for five months, two of which have been under the coronavirus lockdown. “We came here and it was even worse in many ways. Then the coronavirus hit and then we were quarantined and everything shut down.”

    Social distancing is an impossibility in Moria. Queueing for food takes hours. Access to water and sanitation is also limited and in some remoter parts of the camp currently there are 210 people per toilet and 630 per shower.

    Khadija, 38, an Afghan tailor, produces a bag from the tent she shares with her son and daughter in the overspill site. “When people came around telling us to wash our hands, we asked, how can we do it without soap and water?” she says. She has now been given multiple soaps by various NGOs as her large bag testifies. Kahdija and her family wash using water bottles and towels, creating a makeshift shower outside their tent, instead of waiting for the camp facilities.


    At the bottom of the camp Ali Mustafa, 19, is manning a hand-washing station. “It’s really important,” says Mustafa. “There are a lot of people crowded in Moria and if one person got coronavirus it could be very dangerous.” Mustafa, from Afghanistan, hopes one day to be able to live somewhere like Switzerland where he can continue his studies. He is looking forward to the lockdown being lifted so he can go back to his football practice.

    Five boats have arrived on Lesbos in the past three weeks: 157 of the arrivals have been quarantined in the north of the island. Four have since tested positive for the virus and have been isolated according to a UNHCR spokesperson, who said they had installed four water tanks in the quarantine camp and are providing food and essential items. “We have generally observed substandard reception conditions across the islands for new arrivals since the start of March,” he adds.

    The threat of coronavirus has increased anxiety and led to mounting tensions in the camp. There have been two serious fights in the past few days. One 23-year-old woman has died and a 21-year-old man is in a critical condition.

    Omid, 30, a pharmacist from Kabul, leads one of the self-organised teams raising Covid-19 awareness in Moria. He said that the lockdown had been necessary as a preventive measure but was challenging for residents. “There is only one supermarket inside the camp and it’s overcrowded and not enough for people. It also makes people’s anxiety worse to be all the time inside the camp and not able to leave.”

    Stephan Oberreit, the head of mission for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Greece, said they were working on the preparation of an inpatient medical unit, which would be able to admit suspected Covid-19 patients and those with mild symptoms. MSF is already running multiple health services, including a paediatric clinic, in Moria camp.
    ’Moria is a hell’: new arrivals describe life in a Greek refugee camp
    Read more

    Greek asylum services reopened last week after being closed for two months, and 1,400 people have subsequently received negative responses to their asylum claims. People with negative decisions have to file an appeal within 10 days or face deportation but there are not enough permits for everyone to leave Moria within the designated time period to seek legal advice.

    Lorraine Leete from Legal Centre Lesvos says that 14 people who came to its offices on 18 May hoping to get legal advice for their rejections were fined by police for being out of the camp without a permit. “All of them had negative decisions issued over the last months and have limited time to find legal aid – which is also inadequate on the island,” she says. “The police have visited our office every day since the asylum office opened, and on Monday they gave out 14 €150 fines, which we have contested.

    “These are people who are stuck in Moria camp for months, who have the right to legal aid, and who obviously don’t have any source of income.”

    Leete added that she considered that the movement restrictions were still in place for refugees in Moria in the absence of robust efforts to protect and evacuate the most vulnerable in the camp and were unjustifiable. “While people continue to be detained inside refugee camps in horrible conditions where there’s limited measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19, restaurants and bars will be opened this week across Greece. This discriminatory treatment is fulfilling the goal of local rightwing groups of keeping migrants out of public spaces away from public view, abandoned by the state,” she says.

    As Greece starts to see some signs of normality returning, each week brings fresh turmoil to the thousands of residents of Moria, who are still living under lockdown in a space not much bigger than one square mile.


    #coronavirus #covid-19 #confinement #Moria #Lesbos #Grèce #tourisme #camps_de_réfugiés #réfugiés #asile #migrations


    Ajouté à la métaliste tourisme et migrations :

    Et ajouté à ce fil de discussion :
    Grèce : nouvelle extension du confinement dans les #camps de demandeurs d’asile

    ping @isskein @luciebacon

    • Greece extends lockdown in refugee camps amid tourist season

      Greek authorities have extended the lockdown in all refugee camps for two more weeks, until July 19, 2020. The joint ministerial decision on Saturday comes more than two months after lifting restrictions for the general population and just four days after the country opened wide its gates to international tourists.

      According to the announcement by the ministers of Citizen Protection, Health and Migration the lockdown extension aims at preventing the spread of the coronavirus.

      Refugees and migrants in the camps have been locked down since March 23rd.

      Detention Migrants are allowed to leave the camps from 7:00 am to 9:00 pm only in groups of less than 10 and no more than 150 people per hour

      At the end of the day, it seems that the coronavirus is a pretext to authorities to implement a kind of ‘soft detention’ or ‘closed camps’ as was the government plan in last winter but rebuked by the European Union and international organizations.

      It has been alleged that the lockdown has become an instrument to restrict the movement of refugees and migrants who normally exit the camps to purchase food and basic goods.

      According to an AFP report, Marco Sandrone, coordinator of the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) at the Moria refugee camp on Lesvos, said before the announcement that the lockdowns had nothing to do with public health as there were no cases in the camps.

      Some NGOs and volunteers have argued that the lockdown extension is linked to Greece’s tourist season.

      “They try to make the refugees as invisible as possible, and think that then the tourists would love to come,” said Jenny Kalipozi, a Chios island local and volunteer who often brought aid to the Vial refugee camp.

      Greece has recorded 192 deaths across the country since the outbreak in late February and no death in the refugees and migrants camps.

      It should be stressed that social distancing inside the camps is impossible.


  • Grèce : un millier de migrants transférés de camps vers des hôtels vides

    Quelque mille réfugiés vulnérables des camps surpeuplés des îles grecques ont été transférés temporairement dans des hôtels au regard des dangers inhérents à la pandémie de #Covid-19. La commissaire européenne aux Affaires intérieures Ylva Johansson l’a annoncé mardi.


    Les migrants sont transportés des camps de Lesbos et d’autres îles vers des hôtels vides, a écrit la politicienne suédoise sur Twitter. Elle a tenu à remercier l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations, le gouvernement grec et la Commission européenne pour leurs efforts en vue de rendre cela possible. Ylva Johansson a également salué la générosité du peuple grec.

    « Les valeurs de l’Union européenne en pratique, même en ces temps difficiles », a-t-elle écrit dans son tweet.

    Certains migrants ont été transférés dans des hôtels vacants mardi, d’autres suivront mercredi, a ajouté un porte-parole.

    Selon le ministre grec compétent, près de 10.000 migrants ont déjà fait un tel voyage lors des trois premiers mois de l’année.

    En vertu de l’accord entre l’Union européenne et la Turquie, les migrants peuvent être renvoyés en Turquie uniquement depuis les îles.

    Politiciens et ONG ont demandé à plusieurs reprises que les camps de migrants soient complètement vidés étant donné leur surpopulation et les déplorables conditions d’hygiène. Si leur capacité est officiellement estimée à 7.000 places, près de 40.000 migrants sont actuellement présents dans les camps de Lesbos, Samos, Kos, Leros et Chios.

    #transferts #hôtels #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Grèce #îles #HCR #OIM #IOM


    Ajouté à la métaliste migrations / tourisme :

  • Tourists in #Gran_Canaria are left stunned as 24 migrants including three children and a pregnant woman in a rickety boat land on popular beach on the holiday isle

    Tourists in Gran Canaria were left stunned today when 24 migrants including three children and a pregnant woman landed in a rickety boat on a popular beach.

    Sunbathers in the Canary Islands joined forces with emergency workers to give water, food and clothes to migrants who arrived unexpectedly on the rocky shores of Aguila beach, in San Bartolome de Tirajana.

    Exhausted, cold and some seemingly in a state of shock after weathering the Atlantic, the two dozen migrants were given thermal blankets and towels by rescue workers as they were finally able to rest on the beach.

    Red Cross officials said the migrants, who were from northern and sub-Saharan Africa, told them of six days spent navigating at times rough waters. ’It was a really tough journey,’ Jose Antonio Rodriguez of the Red Cross said.

    The group included 12 men, eight women and three children - six of whom were treated at a local hospital. None were reported to be in serious condition.

    Sunseekers, who ranged from tourists visiting the island to locals, sprang into action after the boat arrived, he said.

    ’They were the first ones to help out, giving them food, water and milk for the babies after they saw how hungry they were,’ he said. ’They also gave clothing as the migrants were soaking wet.’

    In the extraordinary incident, one woman cradled a weary migrant in her lap as another swimsuit-clad woman gave her water. Another used his beach towel to keep her feet warm.

    Photographs show the migrants wrapped in gold emergency blankets and laying on the rocky beach as rescue service members work to provide them with bottles of water and sandwiches.

    British holidaymakers Gavin and Bernadette Rodgers witnessed the landing while on a dolphin watching trip during their pre-Christmas break to the island, which is located off the northwest coast of Africa.

    The pair had paid 30 euros for the trip, which set off from Puerto Rica on Gran Canaria with a small group of German and British tourists. An hour and a half into the two hour trip, the tour hadn’t seen a single dolphin.

    ’We were all scanning the sea, almost giving up hope. Suddenly a crew member came up on deck and said we had drifted very close to the coast of Africa,’ Mrs Rodgers said. ’They had been alerted by the coast guard that we needed to be vigilant in case we encountered a boat from there.

    ’Strangely my first thought was we might be about to be kidnapped by armed pirates. But the crewman said no, it was a boatful of immigrants heading for Europe who may have been drifting for days. I was relieved and gratified. We can rescue help these people and bring them to safety.’

    Some 27,594 migrants had arrived in Spain this year by mid-November, according to data from the Interior Ministry, a decrease of more than 50 per cent from the same period last year.

    The popular tourist destination of the Canary Islands, however, has seen an increase of 22 per cent in arrivals, with 1,493 migrants arriving so far this year by mid-November.

    #tourisme #migrations #photographie #route_atlantique

    J’ajoute du coup à cette métaliste sur le lien entre migrations et tourisme:

    ping @reka @isskein

    • Bañistas de una playa de Gran Canaria auxilian a 24 inmigrantes que desembarcaron en patera

      Las llegadas de inmigrantes a las Islas Canarias han aumentado un 22% en 2019 y ya rozan las 1.500.

      Las imágenes de inmigrantes en pateras son habituales en la costa española, aunque a veces la tragedia deja un hueco para la esperanza. Este viernes desembarcaron 24 personas en la playa del Águila, en el sur de Gran Canaria, y los bañistas que disfrutaban del sol de la isla se lanzaron a socorrerlas. Entre los viajeros, que llegaron todos con vida, había seis menores de edad y dos mujeres embarazadas. Las llegadas a las costas canarias han aumentado más de un 20% en 2019.

      El otoño no existe en las playas de Maspalomas. Mientras los bañistas disfrutaban de unos agradables 27 grados, una embarcación con inmigrantes magrebíes y subsaharianos alcanzó la pedregosa costa. Los integrantes de la patera, un grupo de tres bebés, tres niños, 10 varones y ocho mujeres, desembarcaron por sus propios medios en la orilla. Los bañistas, que observaban la escena estupefactos, ayudaron de inmediato, incluso antes de que los servicios de emergencia llegasen para entregar agua, alimentos y ropa de abrigo a los inmigrantes. Algunos de los usuarios de la playa se pusieron de acuerdo para ir a un supermercado cercano y comprar leche y biberones para los más pequeños, y embutidos, pan y yogures para los demás.

      Aunque no se produjeron víctimas, 13 inmigrantes fueron derivados a distintos centros sanitarios porque presentaban síntomas de deshidratación, mareos o cuadros de vómitos, según informó Efe. Los viajeros pasaron cinco días en el mar y algunos de ellos trataron de huir al alcanzar la playa, con escaso éxito. Uno de los bebés tuvo que ser evacuado al Hospital Materno-infantil de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

      Más de 27.000 inmigrantes han llegado a España en lo que va de 2019, menos de la mitad que el año pasado, según el Ministerio del Interior. Sin embargo, Canarias ha experimentado un aumento del 22%. A principios de noviembre, nueve inmigrantes murieron tras volcar una patera en Lanzarote. El archipiélago, que durante el otoño y el invierno supone una opción muy atractiva para muchos turistas españoles y extranjeros que escapan del frío continental, se ha convertido en una ruta al alza entre quienes se echan al mar con la ilusión de alcanzar suelo europeo. No todos lo consiguen.

      #Canaries #îles_canaries

  • EXCLU FRANCE BLEU - Le cauchemar de trois touristes sud-américaines en centre de rétention près de Rouen


    L’accueil des étrangèr·es en France par le système mis en place par la crapule Macron de merde de chiasse d’étron diarhéique

    Le cauchemar de trois touristes sud-américaines en centre de rétention près de Rouen
    Lundi 19 août 2019 à 3:35 - Par Flavien Groyer, France Bleu Normandie (Seine-Maritime - Eure), France Bleu

    A la fin du mois de juillet dernier, trois touristes sud-américaines sont arrêtées par la police aux frontières de l’aéroport de Roissy-Charles de Gaulle. Elles sont ensuite placées en rétention à Paris puis Oissel près de Rouen sans motif valable. Une affaire qui ressemble à un véritable cauchemar.

    • Des touristes sud-américaines abusivement placées en centre de rétention

      « Nous avons été traitées comme des criminelles ». Wilma, une touriste vénézuelienne, a témoigné auprès de France bleu Normandie de son interpellation à l’aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle, fin juillet, avec deux voyageuses colombiennes. Alors qu’elles étaient tout simplement en vacances, elles ont été placées en garde à vue puis en rétention administrative. Un « abus de procédure » selon le tribunal de Rouen, cite France Bleu.

      Selon les trois touristes, elles n’ont cessé d’affirmer aux forces de l’ordre qu’elles n’avaient pas l’intention de rester en France, puisque leurs destinations étaient Madrid et Genève. Mais les policiers n’ont rien voulu savoir et se seraient même moqués d’elles. Elles ont été libérées le 11 août, le juge estimant que leur rétention était irrégulière.


  • #Liguria, niente fondi agli alberghi che hanno ospitato i migranti

    La decisione è stata presa dal consiglio regionale. La maggioranza ha votato compatta a favore della proposta di legge scritta dalla Lega. Il capogruppo Pd ha commentato: «Una norma nazista, vergognosa e incostituzionale»

    #Ligurie #Italie #migrations #asile #réfugiés #tourisme #hôtels #hotel

    Ajouté à cette métaliste:

  • #Porto_Recanati . Viaggio tra i tremila invisibili dell’#Hotel_House

    Il grande palazzo cruciforme vicino al qual sono stati ritrovati resti umani, sorge nel quartiere Santa Maria in Potenza dove il boom edilizio ha prodotto caseggiati oggi preda dell’illegalità.

    Piazzali vuoti, saracinesche abbassate e cartelli ’vendesi’ a ogni uscio, strade senza alcun marciapiede dove sfrecciano auto che entrano ed escono dalla Statale adriatica. Non c’è nessuno in giro, solo qualche disoccupato che inganna il tempo davanti a un bar e poco più in là, sedute a dei muriccioli divisori, delle prostitute di origine africana ed est europea. Nella pineta che lambisce la spiaggia si incontrano fra i cespugli un paio di spacciatori che guardano i ficcanaso con espressioni torve. Così si presenta in una mattina di inizio aprile Santa Maria in Potenza, a sud di Porto Recanati.

    Nato negli anni settanta per accogliere i residenti del turismo balneare, ora il quartiere sembra più un limbo di abbandono e marginalità sociale, periferico e lontano, schiacciato dall’orribile profilo di ecomostri in cemento. Il centro cittadino sarebbe solo a pochi minuti, ma sembra lontano anni luce. È in questa zona che da 49 anni sorge l’Hotel House, il grande palazzo cruciforme di 17 piani e 480 appartamenti dove convivono circa duemila persone e una trentina di etnie. Un luogo noto per fatiscenza e microcriminalità, anche se abitato in larghissima parte da immigrati lavoratori, da famiglie di operai in cerca solo di un futuro sereno.

    Ma dove un mix di fattori - fra cui l’aumento della disoccupazione dopo la crisi economica o una serie di amministrazioni condominiali fallimentari - ha generato negli ultimi dieci anni una situazione di caos amministrativo e sociale molto difficile da districare. L’Hotel House è considerato una bomba sociale, sommerso dai debiti, senza acqua potabile, tuttora privo di un sistema anti-incendio a norma. Proprio questi giorni il grattacielo è tornato alla ribalta delle cronache dopo il ritrovamento presso un caseggiato in uno dei campi attorno alla struttura di ossa umane ancora da identificare. Difficile inquadrare tutto il fiume umano che passa per Santa Maria in Potenza, il quartiere è popolato anche da tanti ’invisibili’, migranti di passaggio spesso privi di documenti che nel loro viaggio, guidati dalla catena di contatti fra i connazionali, arrivano a trovare un porto in uno degli appartamenti in zona. Basti pensare che Porto Recanati detiene un record nazionale, il 22% degli abitanti ha origine straniera e la stragrande maggioranza si concentra proprio all’ombra dell’Hotel House.

    Qui la fallimentare esplosione edilizia degli anni 70 ha prodotto vari ecomostri turistici diventati facile preda di speculazioni affittuarie. Come l’ex River Village, il fatiscente condominio verde oliva sede una volta della ormai abbandonata discoteca Green Leaves. O le torri del condominio Pineta. Maxi palazzine da centinaia di persone dove, specie all’ex River Village, si vivono situazioni residenziali estremamente complicate, con forti infiltrazioni microcriminali, problemi di gestione, morosità delle bollette. È qui, lungo via Salvo d’Acquisto che l’area concentra i suoi fenomeni di spaccio e e prostituzione. E dove i carabinieri del comando di Civitanova continuano ad intervenire per sradicare attività illecite che però il giorno dopo ritornano. «Si sentono spesso urla di notte dai condomini, si vedono pusher di ogni nazionalità gironzolare nelle strade tra il River e l’Hotel House – spiega Ciro Guerrieri, portavoce del neonato comitato Riprendiamoci il Territorio – vivo qua da venti anni, ma ho visto la situazione degenerare negli ultimi tempi». Se prima la microcriminalità era concentrata all’Hotel House, oggi sembra aver attecchito anche nelle torri di cemento attorno, come se alcuni piccoli boss avessero allargato la propria residenza in tutto il quartiere, in nuove piccole roccaforti di cemento sempre più isolate.

    #Italie #hôtel #migrations #asile #réfugiés

    Ajouté à la métaliste migrations/tourisme :

    • Hotel House

      L’Hotel House è un edificio residenziale situato a Porto Recanati, in provincia di Macerata e distante circa 25 km dal capoluogo Ancona. Strutturato in 17 piani e 480 appartamenti, con una pianta a croce, al suo interno vive un sesto della popolazione del comune.[1]

      Il palazzo ospita circa 2.000 persone che raddoppiano nel periodo estivo[2] e ha una forte connotazione multietnica: il 90% degli abitanti è infatti di origine straniera, rappresentando 40 nazionalità diverse.[1] Anche a causa di questa concentrazione, il 21,9% della popolazione di Porto Recanati è straniera, percentuale massima nelle Marche e tra le maggiori in Italia.[3]

      Ad oggi questo edificio è noto alla popolazione locale come un luogo decadente[4], dove le attività illecite sono la primaria fonte di sostentamento per molti. Ad aprile 2018 questo luogo è stato al centro di alcune indagini da parte delle autorità, a seguito del ritrovamento di ossa umane in un pozzo sito nell’area circostante.


    • Hotel House. Etnografia di un condominio multietnico

      L’Hotel House è un enorme condominio di architettura razionalista composto da 480 appartamenti, situato nella parte meridionale della cittadina di Porto Recanati, nel Sud delle Marche.

      Luogo peculiare per la sua conformazione urbanistica, nettamente separato dal resto della città, lo è altrettanto per la sua demografia: progettato alla fine degli anni Sessanta per il soggiorno di italiani vacanzieri di ceto medio, a partire dagli anni Novanta si è trasformato in luogo di concentrazione di una popolazione di lavoratori immigrati provenienti da oltre quaranta Paesi.

      Frutto di una prolungata ricerca etnografica, il lavoro di Cancellieri ci porta dritto nel cuore dell’Hotel House: mostrandoci come si vive e come si esperisce quotidianamente la differenza, come si lotta per “farsi spazio”, come ci si mobilita per opporsi al doppio processo di ghettizzazione e stigmatizzazione, Hotel House costituisce una ricchissima fonte di dati e riflessioni.

      Se infatti il caso di Porto Recanati è certamente singolare, se non unico nel nostro Paese, esso è al tempo stesso profondamente sintomatico e significativo delle nuove configurazioni della spazialità contemporanea e delle sue sfide.


    • Come sopravvivere alla differenza. Etnografia dei confini sociali in un condominio multiculturale

      In an increasingly multicultural society, it is rather paradoxical that research on the ways multicultural spaces function is still relatively rare; in fact, this kind of place is generally depicted as one entailing (automatic) conflict or (automatic) convergence. The aim of this study is to contribute to opening up the black box of multicultural spaces by analysing a place called Hotel House. This is an enormous building containing four hundred and eighty flats and almost two thousand inhabitants (about 90% of which are immigrants from forty different countries). My objective is to answer the following question: how can one survive difference in a such a place? I have tried to find an answer by focusing on the everyday dialectic relationship between social actors and space and, in particular, by highlighting the role played by the use and the re-appropriation of space in the processes of re-construction/de-construction of social boundaries and forms of membership.

      #diversité #multiculturalité