• Hala Abou-Hassira, ambassadrice de Palestine : « Le manque d’action de la communauté internationale nous inquiète »
    RFI - Publié le : 05/12/2022 - Invité du matin

    Hala Abou-Hassira, Ambassadrice de Palestine en France est ce lundi 05 décembre, l’invitée du matin de RFI. Situation de l’avocat franco-palestinien Salah Hamouri menacé d’expulsion de Jérusalem-Est, crise israélo–palestinienne, absence de dialogue en perspective entre les deux parties du conflit, quel rôle peut jouer la France dans la résolution de ce conflit… Elle répond aux questions de RFI.


  • What Historical Mossad Files Reveal About ’Israel’s Most Planned War’ - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    How the IDF called the shots, meals at the Gemayels, and the remiss sale of weapons: The spy agency document revealing Israel’s work in Lebanon between the 1950s and the run-up to the First Lebanon War

    “It was Israel’s most planned war,” states an official Mossad document. “The preparations had already begun in mid-1981, and they gained momentum towards the end of that year. In January of 1982, Ariel Sharon met the Christian leadership – and said to Pierre Gemayel: ‘We are embarking on a full-scale war and that as a result of it, there ought to be change in Lebanon-Israel relations.’’

    This account appears in a document submitted to the High Court of Justice by the Prime Minister’s Office – which is responsible for the activity of the Mossad spy agency – and released for publication this week. The state submitted “passages that have been approved for exposure,” unsigned and undated, in response to a court petition aiming to shed light on the connection between the Mossad and the Christian militias in Lebanon, which led to the massacre at the Sabra and Chatila refugee camps in Beirut in September of 1982. The petition was filed by attorney Eitay Mack.

    In the document, the Israeli military is described as the body that effectively dictated policy on Lebanon, and not the elected government. “We have the Lebanese to do what we want them to do,” the document states. “That is the asset we have, now tell us what to do with it. Because the state isn’t all that organized in its decision-making, the ones who told us what to do with the asset wasn’t [Prime Minister Menachem] Begin, and the government, but rather the military.”

    The document describes Israel’s military involvement in Lebanon’s affairs from the 1950s to the preparations for the First Lebanon War at the beginning of the 1980s. The connection was first created in 1958, at the request of the Lebanese president at the time, Camille Chamoun, who feared falling from power, in coordination with the Shah’s regime in Iran, which was sending arms to Lebanon by plane.

    In 1975, upon the outbreak of the civil war in Lebanon, Chamoun, a Maronite Christian and by then no longer president, again appealed to Israel for aid. Even then, according to the document, Israel did not consider the repercussions of selling the arms, some of which had originated in the Soviet Union and had been captured in the Yom Kippur War, and of the military training the Lebanese subsequently received. “There were no far-reaching diplomatic talks with the Christians, there was no profound discussion,” according to the document. The formula being used, it states, was the correct one: “We will help the Christians help themselves.” However, admits the author of the document, “we did not always see the interests involved correctly.”

    The connection that began with Chamoun broadened to other Maronite figures, among them the leader of the Al-Tanzim (literally “The Organization”) militia, Georges Adwan, and the head of the Guardians of the Cedars militia Étienne Saqr. On one occasion, according to the document, “[a]t the beginning of 1976 on a very rainy, stormy night, a boat that had apparently come down from Lebanon was in distress and was captured by the IDF. On the deck were three Lebanese. This group was coming to Israel with the intention of meeting with the Israeli leadership to ask for aid.”

    The document tells two versions of the beginnings of the direct contact between the Israeli military and the Lebanese Christians. In one version, direct contact had already been established in 1975, while in the other version it began in 1976 with a visit by a delegation from the intelligence and operational branches of the Mossad to study “in an unmediated way what is happening in the war between those sects.” Among the representatives named is Benjamin Ben Eliezer, at the time a liaison officer to southern Lebanon and subsequently the head of Military Intelligence and eventually a Labor Party Knesset member and cabinet minister.

    “We visited command posts of the Phalangists and the Chamounists, we had an additional meeting with Bashir Gemayel at his parents’ home in the village,” the document states. “As we were enjoying a meal, Amine Gemayel showed up in uniform from the front. He was very reserved with us, and barely agreed to shake our hands.” Subsequently, the Mossad took the lead in the responsibility for the meetings, but the document makes it clear that “everyone spoke with everyone.”

    The method of transferring the arms is described in the document as “shipments that were loaded onto rafts of a sort that carried quantities of arms. We would arrive on a given night with two shipments, and in the third stage we refined it even more. We were suppliers, we sailed back and forth.” The arsenal that was transferred included 6,000 M16 rifles and 1,000 bullets for each rifle; 40 120 mm mortars with 300 shells for each of them, and 100 81 mm mortars with 200 shells for each.

    In response to the petition, which was filed in 2020, the Mossad initially claimed it had difficulty locating the historical documents concerning its activity in Lebanon. Subsequently the documents were shown to Supreme Court President Esther Hayut, and she determined that some of the documents could harm Israel’s security if they were published, but asked the Mossad to re-examine whether it might be possible to uncover some of the material. The petition was dismissed last April, and this week the Mossad published the document.

    According to Eitay Mack, the petitioner: “It’s a fascinating decision by the Mossad to reveal this document, even though it isn’t clear why.” The document suggests, he says, that “the massacre at Sabra and Chatila was one event in a chain of massacres, executions, abductions, disappearances, amputations and abuse of corpses carried out by the Christian militias. The clandestine affair must come to light and enable discussion and drawing of public conclusions that might prevent continued support by the Mossad and the State of Israel for security forces and militias around the world that commit atrocities. However, the Mossad still believes it has the right to continue to conceal information concerning this from the public.”

    #sionisme #vitrine_de_la_jungle

  • Un dépositaire libanais attaque sa banque, prend ses employés en otage et réclame son argent… Fin de la prise d’otages. – Site de la chaîne AlManar-Liban

    _Pas toujours très bien écrit mais précieux pour comprendre ce qu’est devenu la vie au #Liban_

    Evènement inédit depuis l’éclatement de la crise économique et financière au Liban en 2019, un Libanais armé retient en otage depuis le début d’après-midi de ce jeudi 11 août des employés d’une banque de Beyrouth. Il réclame son épargne de plus de 200.000 dollars.

    La banque en question est la Fédéral Bank , située à proximité de la très commerçante rue Hamra. Elle est depuis entourée d’un imposant cordon de sécurité, a constaté un journaliste de l’AFP.

    En colère, le dépositaire, Bassam cheikh Hussein, selon les médias libanais, « est entré avec un fusil de chasse et des matériaux inflammables et a menacé les employés pour qu’ils lui donnent son épargne », a expliqué l’une de ces sources.
    Une autre source a précisé que le quadragénaire avait « répandu de l’essence et fermé la porte de la banque ».

    Selon l’agence d’information libanaise NNA, l’homme a « menacé de s’immoler par le feu et de tuer tout le monde en braquant son pistolet sur la tête du directeur d’agence ».
    Il a déclaré avoir pris d’assaut la banque parce que son père « a été admis à l’hôpital il y a quelque temps pour une opération et ne pouvait pas la payer ».

    Son frère Atef al-Cheikh Hussein était sur les lieux. « Mon frère a 210.000 dollars en banque et veut obtenir seulement 5000 dollars pour payer les factures d’hôpital », a-t-il déclaré aux journalistes, seloh l’AFP, ajoutant qu’il se rendrait dès qu’il aurait son argent. D’après lui, son frère s’est emparé d’une arme « à la banque et ne l’avait pas apportée avec lui ». « Peu importe s’il va en prison, l’important est qu’on soulage notre détresse (financière) », a-t-il ajouté.

    Une vidéo mise en ligne montre deux négociateurs qui réclament à l’assaillant –qu’ils appellent Bassam– de libérer deux clients. Brandissant son arme et une cigarette, il a ensuite libéré un otage, selon un correspondant de l’AFP sur place, alors que des dizaines de passants et de proches des otages se rassemblaient à la banque pour lui apporter leur soutien.

    En raison des politiques financières du gouverneur de la Banque centrale Riad Salamé, soutenu par les Etats-Unis, de concert avec celles d’une classe politique corrompue, le Liban croupit sous une dette publique de près de 100 milliards de dollars (99,8 m$ en février 2022).
    C’est l’une des pires crises socio-économiques dans l’histoire du monde depuis 1850, selon la Banque mondiale.

    De ce fait, la monnaie nationale a perdu plus de 90% de sa valeur et environ 80% de la population a plongé dans la pauvreté, notamment du fait des restrictions bancaires draconiennes qui les empêchent d’avoir librement accès à leur argent déposé dans leur grande majorité en dollars lorsqu’il s’échangeait à 1500 livres.
    Et quand il leur est permis de les soutirer, c’est en quantité très limitée, dont la moitié en livres libanaises, avec une parité en deca de celle en vigueur dans les marchés parallèles.

    En juin 2021, la Banque du Liban a promulgué le décret 158 toujours en vigueur : il autorise aux dépositaires de retirer 800 dollars par mois seulement, dont la moitié en dollars américains et les 400 restants en livres libanaises pour 12 000 le dollar. Alors que dans le marché, le dollar a franchi les 30 000 livres. Plus est-il cette décision ne concernait que ceux qui détenaient un compte bancaire en dessous de 50 milles dollars. Quitte aussi à ce qu’ils ne retirent que 4800 dollars par an.

    Sachant que le nombre des dépositaires les libanais est estimé a 1.451.829 qui détenaient avant la crise quelque 107, 28 m$ fin mars 2021, selon le centre LCPS (The Lebanese Center for Policy Studies). Il faut imaginer le désastre qui s’est abattu sur la majorité d’entre eux.

    En revanche, et en même temps, les banques ont facilité le transfert à l’étranger des fonds des élites financières et politiques.
    En décembre 2021, la procureure générale de la cour d’appel du Mont Liban, la Juge Ghada Aoun a accusé le gouverneur de la Banque du Liban d’avoir facilité le transfert de 5 milliards de dollars à l’étranger en dépit de l’instauration par l’Association des Banques du Liban d’un contrôle informel des capitaux.

    Selon la Banque des compromis international, les fonds transférés depuis Liban vers les paradis fiscaux, entre octobre 2019 et mi 2020 ont atteints les 10,8 m$.
    C’est donc les Libanais moyens qui paient les frais de cette crise, alors que les oligarques libanais sont épargnés. De même que les banques.

    Les banques doivent supporter les pertes

    Le vice-Premier ministre du gouvernement intérimaire au Liban, Saadeh Al-Shami, a appelé les banques libanaises à commencer à supporter les pertes résultant de l’effondrement financier par le biais de leur capital, niant que l’État s’appuie sur un fonds souverain ou des réserves d’or pour indemniser les déposants qui ont perdu leur épargne.

    « Les banques doivent d’abord commencer avec leur capital avant qu’un déposant ne soit affecté », a-t-il réclamé, selon Reuters.
    Et de conclure : « Nous n’allons pas appliquer le principe de Robin des Bois à l’envers, en prenant des pauvres pour donner aux riches, c’est inacceptable. Les banques doivent faire des sacrifices » pour protéger les déposants.

    Mais ces banques n’en font qu’à leur tête, et l’Etat libanais est incapable de les obliger à faire ce qu’elles ne veulent pas faire.

    C’est dans ce contexte que Bassam cheikh Hussein a entrepris son mouvement de détressé. Jusqu’à l’heure de l’écriture de l’article, il campe sur sa position et réclame ses 210 mille dollars, assure le correspondant d’al-Manar sur place.

    D’innombrables Libanais l’ont soutenu sur les réseaux sociaux.
    « Nous sommes tous Bassam cheikh Hussein », ont écrit certains.

    Cette affaire s’est finalement terminée avec le moins de mal possible. Vers 18:30 , le dépositaire Bassam s’est rendu aux forces de sécurité libanaises après un accord en fonction duquel la banque s’est engagée à lui donner 30 mille dollars de son dépôt bancaire. Il avait lâché les otages avant de sortir.

  • En Cisjordanie, la violence des colons israéliens explose

    Fin mai, le Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires des Nations unies rapportait que 71 Palestiniens avaient été blessés par des colons depuis janvier. « 2022 est la pire année », juge Abboud Al-Sharif, coordinateur terrain de l’ONG Première Urgence internationale (PUI), qui intervient auprès des communautés palestiniennes victimes de la violence des colons en Cisjordanie.

    « Toutes les régions sont touchées »

    Selon lui, les attaques sur les personnes et les biens ont doublé depuis 2020. Autrefois, les agressions avaient surtout lieu la nuit, sur des petites routes, dans des zones sous contrôle total israélien. Plus maintenant : « Toutes les régions sont touchées », dit-il. Certaines attaques sont coordonnées entre colonies. Parfois, elles se font avec le soutien de militaires. Dans une réponse au Monde, l’armée israélienne dément s’associer à de telles actions. Ces pratiques ont pourtant été mises en évidence, notamment sur la base de témoignages d’anciens soldats publiés par l’ONG de vétérans Breaking the Silence.

    Le portable vissé à l’oreille, le maire de Huwara, Maïn Dumaidi, accueille les visiteurs sans interrompre sa conversation, les yeux rivés sur les collines du sud de Naplouse que l’on aperçoit depuis la fenêtre. « Il y a une attaque en cours, au rond-point, un peu plus haut », s’excuse-t-il. Des colons ont frappé l’un de ses employés qui aidait à la circulation, un handicapé clairement identifiable avec son gilet jaune fluo, et l’ont aspergé de gaz lacrymogène. Il a été transporté à l’hôpital. Les quelque 7 000 Palestiniens de la ville vivent cernés par cinq colonies israéliennes, illégales aux yeux du #droit_international. Ils partagent le même axe, la route 60, qui traverse la bourgade du nord au sud, avec l’armée et les colons.

    Il vous reste 63.99% de cet article à lire. La suite est réservée aux abonnés.


    #apartheid #sionisme #vitrine_de_la_jungle #impunité #complicité « #communauté_internationale »

    • https://twitter.com/patrice_leclerc/status/1551541755849457665/photo/1

      Depuis Mai, ces grands carrefours embouteillés sont le théâtre d’une bataile des drapeaux : des colons israéliens tentent de décrocher la bannière palestinienne ; en réponse, les habitants en accrochant toujours plus. L’armée israélienne rapporte “ une augmentation des incidents impliquants des jets de pierre sur des véhicules israéliens” dans la zone, sans faire mention des violences des colons dénoncés par de nombreux témoins. ” “ C’est quotidien ! Ce n’était pas comme ça il y a 5 ans ” s’indigne le maire (...)

      Stratégie de harcèlement
      Sur le terrain, ce gouvernement est bien pire ” que ceux du pourtant très à droite Benyamin Nétanyahou pendant toute la décennie précédente, abonde Anthony Dutemple [ chef de mission à Première Urgence internationale (PUI) ] , Il fustige l’impunité dont bénéficie Israel sur la scène internationale : “ Tout augmente : la nombre de colons, les violences et ... les condamnations européennes, mais elles ne sont suivies d’aucun effet ! Il faut des actions concrètes, on ne peut pas se contenter de faire des tweets. ” Sur le terrain, les attaques ont des conséquences concrètes. Dans la bourgade d’At-Tuwni à l’extrême sud de la Cisjordanie, on vit “ dans la terreur , glisse Salwa Rabai, 26 ans. S’il y a un petit bruit à la porte, d’un coup je suis vidée de mes forces, je ne tiens plus debout ”.
      Face aux menaces de violences, les habitants ont crée “ des groupes sur Whatsapp ou Messenger, Si quelque chose arrive, on envoie un message et les jeunes débarquent, à plusieurs, pour nous défendre ” affirme la jeune Palestinienne. Lors d’ateliers organisés par PUI, elle retrouve d’autres femmes, qui viennent accompagnées de leurs enfants : “ Qui sait ce qui se passer en mon absence ” explique Feriel Ghissamou, 36 ans. Sa famille a perdu 4 bêtes, égorgées par les colons. Cette stratégie de harcèlement finit par l’emporter. Comme à Ras AL-Tin au nord-est de Ramallah, où plusieurs familles de bédouins ont fui, mi-juillet , après l’intensification des attaques contre eux. Aux alentours, une dizaine d’avant-postes sauvages avaient été érigés ces dernières années.
      Clothilde Mraffko

  • Dr Zoë Hyde sur Twitter : “I recently went to two Christmas parties. Not a single person was wearing a mask. And it was okay, because there’s no epidemic where I live. Western Australia has managed to sustain zero COVID for nearly 2 years. Eliminating #COVID-19 was always possible. The world chose not to.” / Twitter

    #choix #lamentable
    « #communauté_internationale »

  • Israel escalates surveillance of Palestinians with facial recognition program in West Bank
    By Elizabeth Dwoskin - 8 novembre 2021 - The Washington Post

    HEBRON, West Bank — The Israeli military has been conducting a broad surveillance effort in the occupied West Bank to monitor Palestinians by integrating facial recognition with a growing network of cameras and smartphones, according to descriptions of the program by recent Israeli soldiers.

    The surveillance initiative, rolled out over the past two years, involves in part a smartphone technology called Blue Wolf that captures photos of Palestinians’ faces and matches them to a database of images so extensive that one former soldier described it as the army’s secret “Facebook for Palestinians.” The phone app flashes in different colors to alert soldiers if a person is to be detained, arrested or left alone.

    To build the database used by Blue Wolf, soldiers competed last year in photographing Palestinians, including children and the elderly, with prizes for the most pictures collected by each unit. The total number of people photographed is unclear but, at a minimum, ran well into the thousands.

    The surveillance program was described in interviews conducted by The Post with two former Israeli soldiers and in separate accounts that they and four other recently discharged soldiers gave to the Israeli advocacy group Breaking the Silence and were later shared with The Post. Much of the program has not been previously reported. While the Israeli military has acknowledged the existence of the initiative in an online brochure, the interviews with former soldiers offer the first public description of the program’s scope and operations.

    In addition to Blue Wolf, the Israeli military has installed face-scanning cameras in the divided city of Hebron to help soldiers at checkpoints identify Palestinians even before they present their I.D. cards. A wider network of closed-circuit television cameras, dubbed “Hebron Smart City,” provides real-time monitoring of the city’s population and, one former soldier said, can sometimes see into private homes.

    The former soldiers who were interviewed for this article and who spoke with Breaking the Silence, an advocacy group composed of Israeli army veterans that opposes the occupation, discussed the surveillance program on the condition of anonymity for fear of social and professional repercussions. The group says it plans to publish its research.

    They said they were told by the military that the efforts were a powerful augmentation of its capabilities to defend Israel against terrorists. But the program also demonstrates how surveillance technologies that are hotly debated in Western democracies are already being used behind the scenes in places where people have fewer freedoms.

    “I wouldn’t feel comfortable if they used it in the mall in [my hometown], let’s put it that way,” said a recently discharged Israeli soldier who served in an intelligence unit. “People worry about fingerprinting, but this is that several times over.” She told The Post that she was motivated to speak out because the surveillance system in Hebron was a “total violation of privacy of an entire people.”

    Israel’s use of surveillance and facial-recognition appear to be among the most elaborate deployments of such technology by a country seeking to control a subject population, according to experts with the digital civil rights organization AccessNow.

    In response to questions about the surveillance program, the Israel Defense Forces, or IDF, said that “routine security operations” were “part of the fight against terrorism and the efforts to improve the quality of life for the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria.” (Judea and Samaria is the official Israeli name for the West Bank.)

    “Naturally, we cannot comment on the IDF’s operational capabilities in this context,” the statement added.

    Official use of facial recognition technology has been banned by at least a dozen U.S. cities, including Boston and San Francisco, according to the advocacy group the Surveillance Technology Oversight Project. And this month the European Parliament called for a ban on police use of facial recognition in public places.

    But a study this summer by the U.S. Government Accountability Office found that 20 federal agencies said they use facial recognition systems, with six law enforcement agencies reporting that the technology helped identify people suspected of law-breaking during civil unrest. And the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a trade group that represents technology companies, took issue with the proposed European ban, saying it would undermine efforts by law enforcement to “effectively respond to crime and terrorism.”

    Inside Israel, a proposal by law enforcement officials to introduce facial recognition cameras in public spaces has drawn substantial opposition, and the government agency in charge of protecting privacy has come out against the proposal. But Israel applies different standards in the occupied territories.

    “While developed countries around the world impose restrictions on photography, facial recognition and surveillance, the situation described [in Hebron] constitutes a severe violation of basic rights, such as the right to privacy, as soldiers are incentivized to collect as many photos of Palestinian men, women, and children as possible in a sort of competition,” said Roni Pelli, a lawyer with the Association for Civil Rights in Israel, after being told about the surveillance effort. She said the “military must immediately desist.”

    Amro, seen in Hebron on Oct. 13, says Israel has ulterior motives for its surveillance of Palestinians. “They want to make our lives so hard so that we will just leave on our own, so more settlers can move in,” he said. (Kobi Wolf/for The Washington Post)_

    Last vestiges of privacy

    Yaser Abu Markhyah, a 49-year-old Palestinian father of four, said his family has lived in Hebron for five generations and has learned to cope with checkpoints, restrictions on movement and frequent questioning by soldiers after Israel captured the city during the Six-Day War in 1967. But, more recently, he said, surveillance has been stripping people of the last vestiges of their privacy.

    “We no longer feel comfortable socializing because cameras are always filming us,” said Abu Markhyah. He said he no longer lets his children play outside in front of the house, and relatives who live in less-monitored neighborhoods avoid visiting him.

    Hebron has long been a flashpoint for violence, with an enclave of hardline, heavily protected Israeli settlers near the Old City surrounded by hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and security divided between the Israeli military and the Palestinian administration.

    In his quarter of Hebron, close to the Cave of the Patriarchs, a site that is sacred to Muslims and Jews alike, surveillance cameras have been mounted about every 300 feet, including on the roofs of homes. And he said the real-time monitoring appears to be increasing. A few months ago, he said, his 6-year-old daughter dropped a teaspoon from the family’s roof deck, and although the street seemed empty, soldiers came to his home soon after and said he was going to be cited for throwing stones.

    Issa Amro, a neighbor and activist who runs the group Friends of Hebron, pointed to several empty houses on his block. He said Palestinian families had moved out because of restrictions and surveillance.

    “They want to make our lives so hard so that we will just leave on our own, so more settlers can move in,” Amro said.

    “The cameras,” he said, “only have one eye — to see Palestinians. From the moment you leave your house to the moment you get home, you are on camera.”

    Incentives for photos

    The Blue Wolf initiative combines a smartphone app with a database of personal information accessible via mobile devices, according to six former soldiers who were interviewed by The Post and Breaking the Silence.

    One of them told The Post that this database is a pared-down version of another, vast database, called Wolf Pack, which contains profiles of virtually every Palestinian in the West Bank, including photographs of the individuals, their family histories, education and a security rating for each person. This recent soldier was personally familiar with Wolf Pack, which is accessible only on desktop computers in more secure environments. (While this former soldier described the data base as “Facebook for Palestinians,” it is not connected to Facebook.)

    Another former soldier told The Post that his unit, which patrolled the streets of Hebron in 2020, was tasked with collecting as many photographs of Palestinians as possible in a given week using an old army-issued smartphone, taking the pictures during daily missions that often lasted eight hours. The soldiers uploaded the photos via the Blue Wolf app installed on the phones.

    This former soldier said Palestinian children tended to pose for the photographs, while elderly people — and particularly older women — often would resist. He described the experience of forcing people to be photographed against their will as traumatic for him.

    The photos taken by each unit would number in the hundreds each week, with one former soldier saying the unit was expected to take at least 1,500. Army units across the West Bank would compete for prizes, such as a night off, given to those who took the most photographs, former soldiers said.

    Often, when a soldier takes someone’s photograph, the app registers a match for an existing profile in the Blue Wolf system. The app then flashes yellow, red or green to indicate whether the person should be detained, arrested immediately or allowed to pass, according to five soldiers and a screenshot of the system obtained by The Post.

    The big push to build out the Blue Wolf database with images has slowed in recent months, but troops continue to use Blue Wolf to identify Palestinians, one former soldier said.

    A separate smartphone app, called White Wolf, has been developed for use by Jewish settlers in the West Bank, a former soldier told Breaking the Silence. Although settlers are not allowed detain people, security volunteers can use White Wolf to scan a Palestinian’s identification card before that person enters a settlement, for example, to work in construction. The military in 2019 acknowledged existence of White Wolf in a right-wing Israeli publication.

    ’Rights are simply irrelevant’

    The Israeli military, in the only known instance, referred to the Blue Wolf technology in June in an online brochure inviting soldiers to be part of “a new platoon” that “will turn you into a Blue Wolf.” The brochure said that the “advanced technology” featured “smart cameras with sophisticated analytics” and “censors that can detect and alert suspicious activity in real-time and the movement of wanted people.”

    The military also has mentioned “Hebron Smart City” in a 2020 article on the army’s website. The article, which showed a group of female soldiers called “scouts” in front of computer monitors and wearing virtual-reality goggles, described the initiative as a “major milestone” and a “breakthrough” technology for security in the West Bank. The article said “a new system of cameras and radars had been installed throughout the city” that can document “everything that happens around it” and “recognize any movement or unfamiliar noise.”

    In 2019, Microsoft invested in an Israeli facial recognition start-up called AnyVision, which NBC and the Israeli business publication the Marker reported was working with the army to build a network of smart security cameras using face-scanning technology throughout the West Bank. (Microsoft said it pulled out of its investment in AnyVision during fighting in May between Israel and the Hamas militant group in Gaza.)

    Also in 2019, the Israeli military announced the introduction of a public facial-recognition program, powered by AnyVision, at major checkpoints where Palestinians cross into Israel from the West Bank. The program uses kiosks to scan IDs and faces, similar to airport kiosks used at airports to screen travelers entering the United States. The Israeli system is used to check whether a Palestinian has a permit to enter Israel, for example to work or to visit relatives, and to keep track of who is entering the country, according to news reports. This check is obligatory for Palestinians, as is the check at American airports for foreigners.

    Unlike the border checks, the monitoring in Hebron is happening in a Palestinian city without notification to the local populace, according to one former soldier who was involved in the program and four Palestinian residents. These checkpoint cameras also can recognize vehicles, even without registering license plates, and match them with their owners, the former soldier told The Post.

    In addition to privacy concerns, one of the main reasons that facial recognition surveillance has been restricted in some other countries is that many of these systems have exhibited widely varying accuracy, with individuals being put in jeopardy by being misidentified.

    The Israeli military did not comment on concerns raised about the use of facial-recognition technology.

    The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation has said that studies showing that the technology is inaccurate have been overblown. In objecting to the proposed European ban, the group said time would be better spent developing safeguards for the appropriate use of the technology by law enforcement and performance standards for facial recognition systems used by the government.

    In the West Bank, however, this technology is merely “another instrument of oppression and subjugation of the Palestinian people,” said Avner Gvaryahu, executive director of Breaking the Silence. “Whilst surveillance and privacy are at the forefront of the global public discourse, we see here another disgraceful assumption by the Israeli government and military that when it comes to Palestinians, basic human rights are simply irrelevant.”

    By Elizabeth Dwoskin
    Lizza joined The Washington Post as Silicon Valley correspondent in 2016, becoming the paper’s eyes and ears in the region. She focuses on social media and the power of the tech industry in a democratic society. Before that, she was the Wall Street Journal’s first full-time beat reporter covering AI and the impact of algorithms on people’s lives.


  • « Où sont les Ghandi palestiniens ? » Dans le viseur de la « #communauté_internationale »

    Finnish Christian charity cuts ties with Palestinian NGO accused by Israel of aiding militants

    Asked by Reuters for evidence backing its accusations that the organisations funnelled money to PFLP, an Israeli official said such documentation was classified.

    #sionisme #complicité #crimes

  • Alice Froussard
    @alicefrsd 2:09 PM · 22 oct. 2021·

    Le ministère de la défense israélien vient de donner le statut d’organisations terroristes à 6 ONG de défense des droits humains palestiniennes : Al Haq, Addameer, UAwC, Defense for children, Bisan, Union of Palestinian Women Commitees. Que des ONG cruciales (et les plus connues)

    C’est aussi un énorme coup porté à la société civile palestinienne. Ces ONG dénoncent à la fois les conditions des prisonniers palestiniens en Israël, la corruption de l’Autorité Palestinienne, le manque d’accès a la justice, les violations des droits de l’homme en tout genre.

    Cette stratégie n’est pas nouvelle : les groupes de pression israéliens ciblent souvent les sources de financement de ces ONG en prétendant de manière douteuse qu’elles ont des liens avec des « terroristes ». Comment ces ONG vont pouvoir être financées avec cette classification ?

    A noter : ces organisations sont un support essentiel pour nous, journalistes, ainsi que pour toutes les organisations de défense des droits de l’homme (
    @amnesty, @hrw) ou encore l’ONU. Quelles justifications ? A part une volonté de décrédibiliser ces sources ?


  • Snipers Fatally Attack Protesters in Beirut as Lebanon Reels from Devastating Economic Collapse | Democracy Now!

    Lebanon or the Lebanese government and this political class would not be able to sustain itself without the financial assistance of countries like France and others. This political class, that is now preparing itself for elections next year, would not be able to finance these elections and bribe people, bribe people, you know, with the basic goods and services, had it not been for the financial assistance of the international community.

    #Liban #complicité
    « #communauté_internationale »

  • Gorges Corm : « Paris a été́ complice de la #corruption généralisée au #Liban » | Afrique Asie

    Le Liban a souvent frôlé le précipice sans pour autant sombrer, gardez-vous tout de même des motifs d’espoir dans le marasme actuel ?

    Mon optimisme demeure tempéré́ dans un contexte de normalisation entre l’État d’Israël et les monarchies de la péninsule Arabique. Les stratèges israéliens travaillent de longue date sur une implosion, un détricotage du Liban, considéré comme un ennemi existentiel en raison de cette même coexistence entre les différentes communautés religieuses. Sur le plan intérieur, la classe politique libanaise discréditée a largement bénéficié́ de l’apparition du Covid-19, qui a abouti à un arrêt des grandes manifestations hostiles à ce système politique sclérosé́. Aider les ONG libanaises, c’est très bien mais ce n’est pas cela qui sortira le pays de l’ornière de manière durable.

    Actuellement, il faut suivre les projets chinois et russes au Liban : comme celui de remettre en état les raffineries du pays ou encore un gazoduc en provenance du Qatar qui pourrait permettre au pays un meilleur approvisionnement énergétique. Le problème, c’est que les bailleurs de fonds internationaux conditionnent leur aide à une disparition ou un affaiblissement considérable du Hezbollah, accusé d’être inféodé à l’Iran. Mais c’est une hypothèse totalement irréaliste. C’est ce parti qui a libéré́ le sud du Liban de trente ans d’occupation israélienne.

  • With Its Collapse, Lebanon Joins a Bleak Club of Arab Countries - DAWN

    Lebanon, like so many other Arab societies today, is now in an unfamiliar new zone where life for most of its citizens is a daily struggle for things as basic as food; no breakthroughs are on the horizon. The rest of the world, to most Lebanese, seems not to care, or in some cases even supports some of the sectarian leaders in the ruling oligarchy responsible for Lebanon’s collapse.

    #Liban « #communauté_internationale » #malfaisance-inc

  • As Lebanon Collapses, Riad Salameh Faces Questions - The New York Times

    Et bien sûr, la partie essentielle ce n’est pas le #MSM qu’est le NYT qui nous la dit :

    Nicholas Noe sur Twitter : “Most troubling part-the piece actively obfuscates your key pt by repeatedly stressing Native culpability Only: He “built an empire inside central bank & used it to make himself essential to rich & powerful players across Lebanon’s political spectrum.” What’s missing? We all know…2/2” / Twitter

    Gregg Carlstrom sur Twitter : “Salameh turned the central bank into a patronage network and bought off Lebanese elites. But he also did all of this with the assent of Western powers that defended him for many years and didn’t bother to scrutinize him at all.” / Twitter


  • Proche-Orient : face à l’escalade de la #violence, la #communauté_internationale appelle au calme

    Le chef de la ligue arabe a lui aussi dénoncé des frappes israéliennes sans discrimination et irresponsables, tenant Israël pour responsable de la « dangereuse escalade » du conflit.


    L’Organisation de la coopération islamique (OCI) a elle condamné mardi 11 mai « dans les termes les plus forts les attaques répétées des autorités d’occupation israéliennes contre le peuple palestinien », a déclaré l’organe panislamique basé dans la ville saoudienne de Djeddah.


  • Israel cuts fuel, Gaza goes dark | The Electronic Intifada

    The Gaza Strip’s only power plant shut down on Tuesday after Israel stopped the transfer of fuel to the territory.

    The halting of fuel transfers is among a series of collective punishment measures Israel has imposed on Gaza.

    Israel has claimed the measures are a response to incendiary balloons released from Gaza. The launching of such balloons by some Palestinians is, in reality, a symbolic effort to draw attention to the deteriorating situation in Gaza, long subject to an Israeli siege.

    Although incendiary balloons caused several fires in Israel, “no injuries or damage have been reported,” according to The Jerusalem Post.

    #necropolitics #Gaza #Israel #électricité #énergie

    • Pour rappel : les punitions collections et l’intimidation des populations civiles relèvent du crime de guerre :

      Traités, États parties et Commentaires - Convention de Genève (IV) sur les personnes civiles, 1949 - 33 - Responsabilité individuelle. Peines collectives. Pillage. Représailles

      ARTICLE 33 [ Link ] . - Aucune personne protégée ne peut être punie pour une infraction qu’elle n’a pas commise personnellement. Les peines collectives, de même que toute mesure d’intimidation ou de terrorisme, sont interdites.

      Le pillage est interdit.

      Les mesures de représailles à l’égard des personnes protégées et de leurs biens sont interdites.

    • Israeli Military Bombs Three Sites in the Gaza Strip
      Aug 21, 2020 – IMEMC News

      The Israeli occupation army, at dawn Thursday, shelled three sites in the besieged Gaza Strip, with no reported casualties, the Palestinian Information Center reported.

      Local sources said the Israeli artillery bombed what the army describes as an observation post east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza. Similar posts were also bombed to the east of Juhor ad-Dik and al-Bureij refugee camp in the central coastal enclave.

      The Israeli occupation closed border crossings, banned fishing long the coast, and blocked fuel shipments, causing the power plant to shut down. Israel’s use of collective punishment against the 2 million inhabitants of the Gaza Strip, after a number of youths launched incendiary balloons sparking fires in Israeli areas.

      The occupying power has heavily fired missiles and shelled many sites of the Gaza Strip, in the most recent escalation by the Israeli military, has been ongoing since August 3, 2020, and has continued in short intervals of 1-3 days between rounds of bombing.


      Israel Continues Heavy Bombardment of the Gaza Strip
      Aug 21, 2020 - Ali Salam

      Israeli combat helicopters, late Thursday night struck a site west of Khan Younis city in the southern enclave with at least six missiles, the Palestinian WAFA News Agency reported.

      Israeli warplanes, early Friday morning, bombed several sites across the besieged Gaza Strip, according to WAFA correspondent.

      He said that Israeli military jets fired three missiles at a site west of Gaza city, in the central Strip, causing heavy destruction to the site as well as to nearby homes.

      Meanwhile, Israeli tanks fired artillery shells against farmlands to the east of Gaza city.

      The Israeli Air Force also fired two missiles and struck a site near Beit Lahia town in the north, causing major damage to the site and to adjacent houses.

      One Palestinian farmer was moderately injured during the assault on farmlands, located east of Khan Younis, the Palestinian Information Center reported.

      The condition of the wounded man was not known at the time of this report.

      Local sources said that Israel’s pre-dawn bombardment focused on the area surrounding Khan Younis, while other airstrikes hit the central Strip, near Gaza City, as well as Beit Lahia in the north.

      Sources added that Palestinian resistance groups responded to the attack by firing rockets towards Israeli settlements, 3 of which were intercepted by Israel’s missile defense system, known as the Iron Dome.

      For nearly two weeks now, Israel has been bombarding and shelling the coastal enclave, as well as tightening the already strict siege. The Israeli military is using excessive force on a population with no army, no navy, and no air-force.

  • L’OMS dans le maelstrom du covid-19

    Au moment où la crise du coronavirus conduit à exacerber les concurrences interétatiques et à encourager le repli sur eux-mêmes des États-Nations, quel rôle peuvent jouer les #Nations_unies, à travers l’Organisation mondiale de la santé ?

    #International #santé #communauté_internationale #Entretiens_écrits #coopération_internationale

  • Karim Makdisi sur Twitter : “The “International Support Group for Lebanon” just released quite an intrusive statement that distracts from the productive part by insisting on repeating the aggressive UN Revolution #1559 language. #Lebanon #un” / Twitter

    Le soit-disant « groupe de soutien pour le Liban » commence à afficher clairement ses objectifs:

    1) mise en place de politiques néolibérales :

    Karim Makdisi sur Twitter : “The Support Group calls on the new Lebanese Government to implement “reforms” but does not mention the words “equitable” or “just” which is precisely what the Lebanese people are demanding. Not “reforms” but reforms that are equitable, progressive and just.” / Twitter

    2) Fin de toute résistance aux agressions de l’état sioniste:

    Karim Makdisi sur Twitter : “And here is their demand regarding how Lebanon must align its foreign policy and how it must designate as legitimate or not. Sovereignty you say? 🤔” / Twitter

    #Liban « #communauté_internationale »

  • Remi Brulin sur Twitter : "January 1, #1982: Lebanon. A packed stadium. Bombs have been positioned where the PLO leaders will be seated. Bigger bombs are outside, ready to target panicked survivors This is #Olympia_2. One crazy operation in the Greatest “Terrorist” Campaign You Never Heard About

    #THREAD" / Twitter

    #Liban #sionisme #terrorisme #massacre #civils #victimes_civiles #impunité #silence #complicité « #communauté_internationale »
    #mensonges #propagandes #chutzpah #sans_vergogne #vitrine_de_la_jungle