• Contre la #récupération du #handicap par les personnes anti-#écriture_inclusive

    « billet pour dénoncer la récupération du handicap par les personnes qui s’opposent à l’écriture inclusive. Écrit par les personnes concernées par le validisme et le sexisme, ce billet demande aux personnes non concernées de cesser de brandir l’argument de la #cécité, de la #dyslexie ou de la #dyspraxie pour justifier leur position, et aux personnes concernées mais réactionnaires d’arrêter de parler au nom de toute la communauté handie » (Efigies Lyon, 15 décembre 2020 : https://efigies-ateliers.hypotheses.org/5274).

    –-> par les membres du Réseau d’Études HandiFéministes (REHF)
    Publié originellement sur Efigies, 15 décembre 2020

    Les membres du Réseau d’Études HandiFéministes (REHF), concernées pour la plupart par le sexisme et le validisme et chercheurses à l’université ou ailleurs, exprimons aujourd’hui notre désaccord et dénonçons la récupération du handicap pour justifier des positions anti- écriture inclusive, par des personnes généralement concernées ni par le sexisme, ni par le validisme. Au nom de la cécité, de la dyslexie ou de la dyspraxie, certain-e-x-s s’opposent à l’usage et au développement de l’écriture inclusive. Pour le REHF, il s’agit d’un argument doublement fallacieux.

    En premier lieu, cet argument tend à homogénéiser l’opinion de l’ensemble des personnes déficientes visuelles et avec des troubles dys. Il existe assurément des handi-e-x-s qui défendent l’écriture inclusive. Il est donc problématique que des personnes non concernées ne consultent pas ou s’expriment à la place des personnes concernées par le validisme, tout comme il est problématique que des personnes concernées ne considèrent pas la pluralité des discours sur ces débats. En effet, l’argumentation s’appuie parfois sur des textes publiés par des personnes handicapées, à l’instar de la lettre de la Fédération des Aveugles de France, intitulée « Les aveugles disent non au mélange des genres ». Le REHF doute fortement que l’ensemble des aveugles de France aient été interrogé-e-s sur la question. Par ailleurs, le REHF s’oppose aux points suivants1 :

    « […] Nous ne saurions pas mélanger les genres : si l’on peut dire et faire de la question de la construction de la langue un sujet qui aurait rapport avec une quelconque discrimination sexuelle, c’est là faire preuve d’une inculture incroyable et de confusion redoutable. »

    « C’est donc un bien pitoyable combat que celui de se battre à peu de frais contre une règle arbitraire, en la faisant passer pour le symbole d’une discrimination sociale. »

    Le mépris pour l’écriture inclusive dans ces deux extraits fait fi de toute une littérature scientifique sur la question. Tout d’abord, la sociolinguistique s’échine à montrer, depuis le XIXe siècle, qu’une langue est socialement construite et, à ce titre, qu’elle reflète les rapports sociaux dans leur ensemble. Donc lorsqu’il est dit que le masculin l’emporte sur le féminin, ce n’est pas sans raison, ni sans incidence. Loin d’être une règle arbitraire, cette oppression organisée discrimine et dissimule des populations dominées. Ensuite, l’histoire et la grammaire ont également révélé que cette hégémonie masculine au sein de la langue française est très récente (seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle), et qu’elle a entraîné une perte de vocabulaire, un vocabulaire aujourd’hui réinvesti par les défenseurses de l’écriture inclusive. Enfin, les études du discours ont expliqué que l’écriture inclusive n’est pas qu’une simple histoire de « mélange des genres ». Sur tous ces sujets, nous invitons nos interlocuteurices à se renseigner.

    En second lieu, l’argument du handicap pour les positions anti écriture inclusive n’est pas valide au niveau technique, et ce, à double titre. Premièrement, c’est placer le problème au mauvais endroit. Le souci, ce n’est pas l’écriture inclusive en tant que telle, mais, d’un côté, c’est la programmation des logiciels de synthèse vocale utilisés par les personnes déficientes visuelles, et, de l’autre, c’est l’absence d’éducation à ce sujet. De fait, lire un point médian avec un lecteur d’écran est, à l’heure actuelle, quelque chose de désagréable, voire d’incompréhensible. Mais si les programmateurices travaillaient à modifier cela, il n’y aurait plus de problème. Donc nous préférons condamner le sexisme qui préside à la programmation des logiciels, plutôt que l’antisexisme qui motive l’usage de l’écriture inclusive.

    Deuxièmement, il existe, dans l’état actuel des choses, de nombreux procédés qui permettent aux logiciels de synthèse vocale de lire confortablement l’écriture inclusive. Par exemple, il suffit d’intervenir dans le terminal du logiciel pour modifier la verbalisation du point médian, à condition d’avoir quelques compétences en informatique, ou d’avoir un·e valide sous la main qui daigne s’abaisser à cette tâche. Nous n’avons pas l’outrecuidance de dire que l’inculture n’est pas là où il paraît. Par exemple encore, il existe d’autres outils que le point médian, parfaitement lisibles par des lecteurs d’écran. C’est le cas des traits d’union (jusqu’à maintenant, nous croyons savoir que les déficient-e-s visuel-le-s n’ont pas demandé à supprimer les mots composés de la langue française), des points normaux ou des slashs, des répétitions de termes avec un accord en genre différent, des néologismes, etc. Nous pouvons donc écrire « auteurs et autrices », ou bien « auteurs-trices », ou encore « auteurices », et nos synthèses vocales, de même que nos oreilles, s’en portent très bien.

    Par ailleurs, la complexité de la langue française pour les dyslexiques (causée, en partie, par son opacité, c’est-à-dire par sa non-correspondance entre orthographe et phonologie) est une question qui doit être traitée dans son ensemble, et non pas à l’aune de l’écriture inclusive. Chercher à rendre la langue française accessible aux personnes dys est un travail qui, d’une part, mérite tout notre intérêt et, d’autre part, ne doit pas servir à évincer d’autres réformes linguistiques, telles que l’écriture inclusive, permettant de lutter contre d’autres discriminations, en l’occurrence le sexisme. Le REHF soutient donc la création de solutions ou alternatives non discriminantes.

    Nous notons aussi la manière dont les personnes neuro-atypiques (ou neuro-diverses), d’ordinaire évacuées de la plupart des discours dominants, se retrouvent souvent utilisées dès qu’il s’agit de contrarier l’utilisation de l’écriture inclusive ; notamment dans les sphères intellectuelles, scolaires ou encore universitaires, etc., et ce, malgré la méconnaissance évidente des enjeux neurologiques, neurocognitifs, neurocomportementaux, sociaux, de même que l’ignorance des précarités et des discriminations auxquels ces personnes font face au quotidien.

    Si l’utilisation de l’écriture inclusive et sa lecture représentent effectivement, pour les personnes dys et multi-dys, des enjeux et des efforts supplémentaires, c’est précisément parce que la langue française est sexiste. Et c’est pour pallier ces manquements qu’elle nous oblige à faire cette gymnastique, afin de faire exister, par les mots, celleux qu’elle oublie.

    Pour toutes ces raisons, le REHF défend l’usage d’une écriture inclusive pour toustes et par toustes. Pour une présentation détaillée des enjeux et des formes d’écriture inclusive, nous conseillons à nos interlocuteurices de cliquer sur le lien suivant : https://fondation-phi.org/fr/article/discriminations-liees-genre-langue-francaise

    Pour aller plus loin

    « Les discriminations liées au genre dans la langue française.Vers une plus grande inclusion des femmes et des personnes non binaires », par Anna Hains-Lucht, Fondation Phi, 2 novembre 2020 : https://fondation-phi.org/fr/article/discriminations-liees-genre-langue-francaise/#six

    https://academia.hypotheses.org/29829

  • #Handicap, #genre et #précarité : signer une #pétition pour protéger l’#Allocation_Adulte_Handicapé

    « Savez-vous qu’une personne handicapée vivant en couple doit demander l’accord et le financement de son conjoint pour payer chacune de ses dépenses de la vie quotidienne ? En effet, une loi française calcule le versement de l’Allocation Adulte Handicapée (#AAH) sur les revenus du ménage. Ainsi, si le plafond des revenus annuels du couple dépasse 19 607 euros, en 2020, l’AAH n’est plus versée à la personne conjointe handicapée. Ce plafond est aussi majoré de 5400 euros environ par enfant à charge.

    Le jeudi 13 février 2020, l’Assemblée nationale a adopté une proposition de loi supprimant la prise en compte des ressources du conjoint, concubin ou pacsé pour le calcul de l’AAH. Mais, dans les faits, les choses ne sont pas aussi simples et le chemin reste long et sinueux avant l’entérinement de cette loi. Pour nous aider à clarifier cette situation qui pèse énormément sur le moral des personnes handicapées vivant en couple, merci de bien vouloir soutenir notre pétition pour demander au législateur de prononcer dès que possible une nouvelle #loi pour mettre fin à cette incongruité et #injustice fondamentale. »

    Or, on le rappelle, les #femmes_handicapées sont beaucoup plus susceptibles d’être victimes de #violences_conjugales - leur #autonomie_financière est fondamentale !

    https://petitions.senat.fr/initiatives/i-416

    Hashtag twitter avec plein d’infos #DésolidarisonsAAH : https://twitter.com/search?q=%23DesolidarisonsAAH&src=typeahead_click
    #intersectionnalité

  • Des enfants à la carte
    https://laviedesidees.fr/Jonathan-Glover-Choisir-ses-enfants.html

    À propos de : Jonathan Glover, Choisir ses enfants. Conception, #génétique et #handicap, Labor et Fides. L’ingénierie génétique donne la possibilité de choisir, en partie, la personne de nos enfants. Est-ce condamnable ? Au nom de quoi ? J. Glover, grande figure de l’éthique appliquée, répond à ces questions de manière mesurée, en distinguant les opérations de prévention et celles de transformation.

    #Société #Philosophie #bioéthique #transhumanisme
    https://laviedesidees.fr/IMG/pdf/20201216_glover.pdf
    https://laviedesidees.fr/IMG/docx/20201216_glover.docx

  • HCR - Il faut aider d’urgence les réfugiés et migrants vénézuéliens confrontés aux traumatismes et aux difficultés
    https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/briefing/2020/12/5fd36c37a/aider-durgence-refugies-migrants-venezueliens-confrontes-traumatismes-difficu

    Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, lance une mise en garde sur les niveaux de traumatisme et de désespoir sans précédent parmi les réfugiés et les migrants nouvellement arrivés depuis le Venezuela. Beaucoup d’entre eux arrivent dans des conditions désastreuses au sein des communautés d’accueil durement touchées par la pandémie. Un soutien urgent est nécessaire pour les protéger et leur venir en aide.Comme les frontières sont toujours fermées dans la région, les personnes franchissent les frontières par des points de passage informels où opèrent des groupes armés illégaux ainsi que des réseaux de passeurs et de traite des êtres humains. Selon des évaluations rapides menées sur le terrain, environ 500 à 700 personnes quittent le Venezuela chaque jour et sont exposées à des risques accrus de violence, d’exploitation et de traite des êtres humains. Certaines rapportent avoir subi des vols, des extorsions, des violences et des abus dans les zones de transit et frontalières, au cours de leur périple en quête de sécurité.
    Selon les informations fournies par les employés du HCR sur le terrain, 70% des nouveaux arrivants en Colombie ont fait le voyage à pied, certains avec seulement les vêtements portés ce jour-là. Alors que les conditions au Venezuela continuent à se détériorer, beaucoup arrivent en Colombie affaiblis et en état de malnutrition, ayant fait face à la paupérisation et aux difficultés depuis de nombreux mois.Le personnel du HCR sur le terrain dans les zones frontalières observe une augmentation notable du nombre de femmes, d’hommes et d’enfants qui arrivent seuls et dans un état d’extrême précarité. Parmi eux se trouvent des enfants et des adolescents non accompagnés qui ont quitté leur famille ou en ont été séparés.
    Beaucoup souffrent de traumatisme et de détresse psychologique, et ont un besoin immédiat de protection et d’aide humanitaire, notamment en matière de soins de santé, d’hébergement, de nourriture et de soutien psychosocial. Les enfants non accompagnés et séparés, les personnes handicapées et les populations indigènes ont également besoin de soins spécialisés et de prestations de protection.
    Du fait de la fermeture des frontières, beaucoup sont obligés d’entrer en Colombie et dans d’autres pays d’accueil par des points de passage frontière informels, ce qui rend difficile la régularisation de leur statut. Par conséquent, ils ont un accès limité aux droits fondamentaux et aux services essentiels, et risquent également d’être expulsés, de faire l’objet de la traite des êtres humains, du travail forcé ou de l’exploitation sexuelle. Par crainte d’être détenus ou expulsés, certains réfugiés et migrants hésitent à s’adresser aux organisations humanitaires pour obtenir de l’aide, ainsi qu’aux autorités compétentes.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#venezuela#colombie#paysdetransit#sante#santementale#frontiere#accessante#violence#handicap

  • HCR - Covid-19 et changement climatique : deux fléaux qui menacent les personnes déracinées et les apatrides à travers le monde
    https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/press/2020/12/5fc8aecfa/covid-19-changement-climatique-fleaux-menacent-personnes-deracinees-apatrides

    Pour lutter contre le changement climatique, le monde doit tirer les enseignements de la pandémie de Covid-19 et agir de toute urgence afin de ne pas se retrouver confronté à des conséquences massives et fatales pour les personnes déracinées, a déclaré ce jour Gillian Triggs, Haut Commissaire assistante du HCR en charge de la protection internationale.« Le coût le plus élevé sera celui de l’inaction », a signalé Gillian Triggs lors d’une séance virtuelle du Dialogue du Haut Commissaire sur les défis de protection. « Nous devons agir ensemble. Il n’y a tout simplement pas de riposte unilatérale efficace. »Durant un débat animé par Elizabeth Puranam, correspondante d’Al Jazeera en Inde, Gillian Triggs s’est entretenue avec des personnes déracinées, des représentants d’ONG, de milieux universitaires et de gouvernements afin de discuter des conséquences du changement climatique pour les personnes les plus vulnérables de la planète, notamment ceux qui ont été forcés de fuir leur foyer ou qui sont apatrides. Évoquant des similitudes avec la pandémie de Covid-19, les participants ont déclaré que le monde doit protéger les personnes vulnérables, tout en les associant à la recherche de solutions. « Si nous voulons résoudre le problème du changement climatique, nous devons mettre au centre les plus vulnérables », a indiqué Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, une Tchadienne qui milite pour la justice environnementale et les droits des peuples autochtones. Le Tchad et d’autres pays d’Afrique dans la région du Sahel sont confrontés à des crises de déplacement comptant parmi celles à l’évolution la plus rapide et sont exposés de manière disproportionnée aux conséquences néfastes du changement climatique et des catastrophes, telles que les modifications du régime des précipitations qui contribuent aux inondations et aux sécheresses.Les personnes les plus vulnérables au monde subissent souvent de plein fouet les effets du changement climatique. La hausse des températures contribue à aggraver l’insécurité alimentaire, les pénuries d’eau et l’insécurité foncière tout en perturbant les services nécessaires à la santé humaine et aux moyens de subsistance, à l’habitat et à la survie. Les personnes âgées, les femmes, les enfants, les victimes de handicaps et les peuples autochtones comptent invariablement parmi les plus touchés.

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#refugie#personnedeplacee#environnement#cliat#sante#vulnerabilite#handicap#unhcr#justice#droit

  • New Hope for Rohingya Refugees with Disabilities in Cox’s Bazar | The Storyteller
    https://storyteller.iom.int/stories/new-hope-rohingya-refugees-disabilities-coxs-bazar
    https://storyteller.iom.int/sites/default/files/styles/facebook_graph_/public/1_12.jpg?itok=Iz0MGo71

    Twenty-six-year-old Anuara was born with a congenital limb defect. However, this does not stop the single mother from doing her household chores, getting around the camp and looking after her two-year-old. “I have been using my hands to walk my entire life,” Anaura explains. Yet, since the onset of COVID-19, she is increasingly relying on her neighbours for errands. Anaura is one of the 59 Rohingya refugees with disabilities who will receive assistive devices in the coming weeks. “I hope the wheelchair will be the right height for me, so I can get into the seat by myself,” she says. Most of the people with disabilities living in the camps have been disabled their entire lives, but have never owned an assistive device to facilitate their daily tasks.
    According to a recent assessment conducted by the Age and Disability Working Group (ADWG) and the Protection Working Group (PWG) of the Humanitarian Country Team in Cox’s Bazar, of which the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is a member, almost half of the persons with disabilities living in the camps do not own assistive devices or have access to rehabilitation services. Rohingya refugees need more support to obtain meaningful access to basic services. IOM mainstreams its assistance for people with disabilities across all programmes to ensure vulnerable individuals receive appropriate support, referrals, care and individualized treatment based on their needs.  Mobility restrictions related to COVID-19 increased concerns over the protection of those most vulnerable, while challenging living conditions with access and mobility limitations have been exacerbated for the elderly, as Mabia, 73, can attest. Along with eyesight challenges, Mabia also has terrible back pain which makes it hard for her to lie down. She currently sleeps on a mat on the floor, under the same roof with four of her relatives. One of them is Amin, her 24-year-old nephew, who, three years ago, carried his grandmother on his back for three days straight, as they fled conflict in Myanmar and took refuge in Bangladesh.
    “I see her suffering and it pains me,” Amin says. Mabia will soon receive prescription glasses and a medical air mattress, which they hope will alleviate some of her back pain. Last year, a total of 132 Rohingya refugees with disabilities in Teknaf camps received assistive devices, through IOM’s partnership with the Christian Blind Mission (CBM) and the Centre for Disability in Development (CDD), who lent their technical expertise, assessing the needs, providing tutorials about usage and maintenance, and conducting follow-up visits

    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#rohingyas#refugie#camp#sante#handicap#vulnerabilite

  • Le droit bafoué des #handicapés
    https://laviedesidees.fr/Anne-Revillard-Des-droits-vulnerables.html

    À propos de : Anne Revillard, Des droits vulnérables. Handicap, action publique et changement social, Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques. Malgré l’existence de nombreux dispositifs inclusifs, les personnes en situation de handicap peinent à faire valoir leurs droits. Face à ces droits vulnérables, les individus protestent et bricolent pour rompre avec le sentiment d’être assignés à une citoyenneté de seconde zone.

    #Société #droits_civiques
    https://laviedesidees.fr/IMG/pdf/20201123_handicap_revillard.pdf
    https://laviedesidees.fr/IMG/doc/20201123_handicap_revillard.doc

  • Manifeste pour une vie affective et sexuelle digne pour les personnes en situation de handicap

    Ce manifeste, écrit par des associations de personnes handicapées, s’adresse à tous les acteurs et à toutes les actrices politiques, sociaux, sociales et économiques qui œuvrent pour le respect des droits des personnes en situation de handicap en France, et dans le monde.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2020/11/19/manifeste-pour-une-vie-affective-et-sexuelle-digne-pour

    #politique #handicap

  • Vivre avec une dépression par temps de Covid
    http://blog.ecologie-politique.eu/post/Vivre-avec-une-depression-par-temps-de-Covid

    Ce n’est pas un scoop, la vie par temps de Covid exacerbe les problèmes de santé mentale. Pour tout le monde, y compris celles et ceux qui vont assez bien d’habitude et qui nous disent leur détresse et le coût énorme du confinement – particulièrement pour les femmes, comme ici Titiou Lecoq. Source : Mon blog sur l’écologie politique

  • « Les personnes en situation de handicap se doivent d’affirmer le refus de l’exclusion et de la ségrégation » - Basta !
    https://www.bastamag.net/Handicap-militant-tribune-societe-inclusive-discriminations-lutte


    https://seenthis.net/messages/866936

    « cripwashing » [pratique qui consiste à instrumentaliser les droits des personnes handicapées pour défendre d’autres intérêts] comme d’autres font du greenwashing.

    #handicap #cripwashing

  • Le repas, un enjeu quotidien des parents d’enfants avec autisme. Un article montre la réalité et la complexité d’une situation parentale partagée par des milliers de français 🍴👇 #autisme #santé #handicap #alimentation

    https://sms.hypotheses.org/25525

    Les parents et les particularités alimentaires des enfants autistes

    L’autisme, d’abord décrit comme une maladie rare il y a 70 ans, est à présent défini comme un Trouble du Spectre Autistique (TSA) regroupant des profils hétérogènes. Ces derniers sont caractérisés par des difficultés sur le plan de la communication sociale, la présence de comportements stéréotypés et d’intérêts restreints. D’autres troubles ou maladies peuvent être associés. La notion de spectre autistique (DSM-5, 2013) rend compte de la variabilité de l’intensité des troubles, de la diversité des trajectoires développementales et des retentissements dans la vie sociale. Cette perspective valorise une approche où les différences relèvent exclusivement du degré de sévérité des troubles. Après avoir été considéré comme une maladie, puis un handicap, l’autisme est de plus en plus perçu comme une différence ou un variant dans la « neurodiversité » humaine.

    Les « problèmes alimentaires » au sein de cette population font partie de la description pionnière de « l’autisme infantile précoce » réalisée par Léo Kanner en 1943. Mais il faut attendre les années 1990 pour que les chercheurs de différentes disciplines (nutrition, pédiatrie, psychologie, etc.) analysent la nature et/ou la fréquence de la problématique alimentaire (...)
    .

  • On parle souvent du #handicap en des termes très abstraits, nouvelles lois, obligations légales comme l’accessibilité des sites Web, mesures annoncées par le gouvernement, exonération de dépenses médicales dans certains cas, etc. Mais, sur le terrain, tout cela se traduit comment ? Un handicapé raconte ses démarches pour obtenir un permis de conduire spécial :

    https://adminblog.foucry.net/posts/handi/handicap-et-permis

  • Tous les corps sont désirables | Cécile Kiefer
    http://cqfd-journal.org/Tous-les-corps-sont-desirables

    Dans une société qui exclut les corps qu’elle considère comme dysfonctionnels, la question de l’assistanat sexuel divise. Entre ceux qui associent ce service à de la prostitution et ceux qui considèrent qu’il rentre dans le cadre de la compensation du handicap, des voix s’élèvent et avancent d’autres arguments — ou affirment que ce débat est avant tout un écran de fumée. Tour d’horizon. Source : CQFD

  • Le slogan « Rennes – vivre en intelligence » mis en pratique par la nouvelle municipalité.
    http://alter1fo.com/portillon-discrimination-repression-metro-rennes-128042

    En 2015, c’est avec 98 voix pour, 17 voix contre et 3 abstentions, que la décision de fermer l’accès au métro par des portillons a été validée. Selon la vice-présidence aux transports, leur installation (NDLR, estimée à 7,5 millions d’euros) permettrait de « diminuer le taux de fraude de manière substantielle. » À l’époque, les élu·e·s écologistes et du Front de Gauche avaient rapidement dénoncé « un verrouillage sécuritaire » et alerté l’opinion publique en soutenant et en partageant une pétition. 5 ans plus tard, Matthieu Theurier et Priscilla Zamord, les 2 co-têtes de liste « Choisir l’écologie pour Rennes », ont réaffirmé avec force leur opposition à cette mesure pendant la dernière campagne municipale. Mais les accords du second tour ont quelque peu chamboulé les plans. La politique étant l’art du possible et des compromis, les portillons verront bel et bien le jour.

    #transport_public #handicap #rennes #ça_se_durcit

  • #Handicap : le #contrat_social invalide #Datagueule_97
    https://peertube.datagueule.tv/videos/watch/1c3ec9fc-d0f8-41bb-a70f-8ebb80e03c18

    En 2018, en France : 2,8 millions d’handicapés reconnus + 2,3 millions non reconnus ; 400 millions de pénalités versées à l’#agefiph
    19 % de #chômage
    #aah : 900 €/ mois c/ 1026 €/mois pour le seuil de #pauvreté
    MDPH : délai moyen de 16 moisx
    80 % des #femmes en situation de handicap sont victimes de violences.

    Entretien avec Mme Anne-Sarah Kerdudo, directrice de l’association Droits pluriels.

    #invalidité #handicap_invisible #espaces_de_travail #espace_public #accessibilité #logement_accessible #loi_élan #ségrégation #inclusion #éducation_inclusive #établissements_médico-sociaux #discrimination #égalité des #droits

  • Crip-Camp : un documentaire qui donne les clés de l’émancipation
    https://beaview.fr/actualites/crip-camp-documentaire-qui-donne-cles-emancipation

    https://youtu.be/OFS8SpwioZ4

    En rappelant l’histoire des luttes menées par les personnes handicapées pour leurs droits aux Etats-Unis, ce film est reçu en France comme un outil de prise de conscience et de mobilisation. La non-mixité, mais aussi le sentiment d’appartenir à un groupe, ou encore le contexte des années 70, ont permis à ces revendications d’émerger.

    pas vu mais très envie de voir.

    via @elisarojasm sur cui.

  • Des terrasses partout, une fausse bonne idée ?
    https://ieb.be/Des-terrasses-partout-une-fausse-bonne-idee?suivi=2020-07-02&noix=45229

    Ces dernières semaines, une idée a circulé dans les médias, puis a été lentement mise en œuvre. Face à la crise sanitaire et économique, pourquoi ne pas étendre les terrasses pour permettre aux établissements de reprendre enfin leurs activités économiques. Ce nouveau principe d’aménagement de l’espace semble mettre tout le monde d’accord : les travailleur·euse·s pourraient récupérer l’ensemble de leurs revenu, certains tenancier·e·s pourraient éviter la faillite tandis que le/la flâneur·euse, en manque de contact social, pourrait à nouveau profiter des douceurs de la vie. Mais derrière cette image d’Épinal, se cache sans doute une réalité plus complexe. L’espace public est un territoire où les usages rentrent en concurrence et un arbitrage spécifique peut engendrer l’exclusion de certain·e·s. Sans avoir la prétention de trancher la question, ce texte envisage certains risques et tente de les illustrer.

    #espace_public #post-confinement #déconfinement #crise #lamerdedapres

    • Je suis allée en ville tout à l’heure et j’ai constaté que les tables des cafés de la Place du Jet d’eau s’étalaient largement sur la place jusqu’à obstruer l’accès à l’escalier qui mène au Vieux-Mans. Je me suis faufilée entre les tables en râlant ! Je suis redescendue par une autre rue, dite à une époque « Rue de la soif », pareil, c’est une ruelle déjà étroite et là, à la hauteur d’un des cafés, il y a juste la place pour une personne de passer. Grrr

    • Bel arbitrage ! En France les terrasses ont plutôt pris de la place au stationnement automobile. Mais aller jusqu’à prendre l’espace de circulation piétonne et qu’il n’en reste plus...

      Penser l’espace public au-delà de l’économique

      D’une certaine façon, l’extension de l’horeca dans l’espace public est la poursuite de décisions politiques gouvernementales actuelles qui ont permis de se rassembler dans les centres commerciaux avant de revoir sa famille. C’est faire le choix de ce qui semble nécessaire parce que cela rapporte des points de PIB, sans que soit discuté ce qui apparaît indispensable aux personnes qui seront impactées par ces décisions.

    • En fait, c’est les deux. Quand il y a de la place sur la chaussée, c’est sur la chaussée que les terrasses s’étalent. Mais souvent, ce n’est pas le choix qui est fait. Dans certaines rues, c’est à devenir dingue, entre les chaises et les gens, impossible par exemple, de passer en fauteuil. L’autre jour, je me suis engueulée avec des gens qui râlaient après un livreur...

  • Rubber Bullets and Beanbag Rounds Can Cause Devastating Injuries - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/12/health/protests-rubber-bullets-beanbag.html

    ... research increasingly shows they can seriously injure and disable people — and sometimes even kill.

    A 2017 analysis# published in the British Medical Journal of several decades of the use of rubber bullets, beanbag rounds and other projectiles during arrests and protests found that 15 percent of people who were injured were left with permanent disabilities and 3 percent of those who were injured died. Of those who survived, 71 percent had severe injuries, with their extremities most frequently impacted.

    [...]

    The main effect of clouds of tear gas, mace or pepper spray — chemicals known as lacrimating agents that were also used to clear the park in Washington — is to cause watering of the eyes and irritate sensitive tissues in the nose, mouth and lungs. But if deployed in an enclosed space, tear gas and pepper spray have a more severe impact. Injuries can include chemical burns, blurred vision, corneal erosions, ulcers, nerve damage, abnormal growth of tissue on the eyes (which may need to be removed surgically) and permanent vision loss.

    The chemical frequently used in pepper spray — oleoresin capsicum (OC) — is a natural oily resin found in hot peppers, including cayenne and other chili peppers. Because OC is often used in the foods we eat, it is considered by many to have minimal toxicity when used as a lacrimating agent.

    That’s simply not accurate, said Dr. Mary K. Daly, chief of ophthalmology at the V.A. Boston Healthcare System. “There have been a number of reports of serious eye complications from OC,” Dr. Daly said. “It can cause permanent vision loss and chronic symptoms. The risks are not only to the eyes. There has also been a death reported in the literature, which was attributed to OC exposure in a person with asthma.”

    [...]

    Doctors worry that lacrimating agents and gases may also increase the risk of spreading the coronavirus as protests occur during the pandemic. Yet the police in Seattle have reportedly sprayed a child in the face and New York City officers have yanked a young man’s protective face mask and pepper-sprayed him while he held his arms in the air.

    A 2011## study of the use of tear gas in regular military trainings noted that exposure to the chemical could have long-term effects and recommended reducing personnel exposure to tear gas. Several health and human rights experts say the substance should also be removed from domestic law enforcement use.

    #létalité #armes #santé #manifestations #décès #meurtres #handicaps

    # Death, injury and disability from kinetic impact projectiles in crowd-control settings: a systematic review | BMJ Open
    https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/12/e018154

    ## Evaluation of CS (O-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile) Concentrations During U.S. Army Mask Confidence Training - PubMed
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22010329

  • » Slain Palestinian’s Home, Mourning Tents Invaded by Israeli Police in Jerusalem
    June 6, 2020 6:35 AM Ali Salam – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/slain-palestinians-home-mourning-tents-invaded-by-israeli-police-in-jerusalem

    Israeli police, on Thursday evening, invaded the home and mourning tent of Palestinian martyr, Eyad al-Hallaq, in Wad al-Jouz neighborhood in Occupied Jerusalem, the Palestinian Information Center reported.

    Local sources said that the Israeli police searched the family home and mourning tent, showing grave disrespect, and provoking confrontations with locals, which resulted in the arrest of two Palestinian civilians.

    Eyad al-Hallaq, a 32-year-old Palestinian with autism, was shot and killed by Israeli police forces, in Jerusalem’s Old City, while he was on his way to his special education school.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/857321
    #sans_vergogne

  • Illisible carte du déconfinement - romy.tetue.net
    http://romy.tetue.net/illisible-carte-du-deconfinement

    Rouge, vert, orange… En cette période de crise sanitaire, le gouvernement communique sur le déconfinement progressif de chaque département à l’aide d’une carte colorée… malheureusement difficile à comprendre.

    « Hier, mon fils de 24 ans, humilié, m’a demandé la couleur de notre département… Le codage des départements en vert, orange et rouge n’a pas été pensé pour les personnes avec daltonisme : 2 500 000 personnes en France, 4 % de la population »

    #MapFail #cartographie #geocovid #daltonisme #sémiologie #accessibilité #a11y #RGAA

  • Israeli police executes intellectually disabled man for holding toy - QudsN May 30, 2020 - Quds News Network
    https://qudsnen.co/israeli-police-executes-intellectually-disabled-man-for-holding-toy

    Occupied Jerusalem (QNN)- Israeli police on Saturday shot dead a Palestinian intellectually disabled man near Al Asbat gate in occupied Jerusalem only because he was holding a toy.

    Israeli media confirmed the victim is Iyad Khairi Hallaq (32 years old), an intellectually disabled student, who was on his way to school.

    The Israeli police claimed in a statement that police officers who were stationed near Jerusalem’s Al Asbat Gate noticed a young man holding a “suspicious object,” that they claim looked like a gun, and told him to stop in his tracks, after which the man began to flee, so they executed him immediately.

    UltraPal quoted a member of his family, who said that Hallaq’s disability makes him with the capacity of a 7-year-old. He also has hearing and speech troubles, which is probably why he didn’t stop when he was ordered to.

    Hallaq used to study in a school, specialized for people with intellectual disabilities, near Al Asbat gate. He was executed while on his way to school.

    Israeli Police chased the man on foot, during which they fired at him, resulting in his death, admitted Israeli police.

    Following the crime, the gates to the old city have been closed by police, fearing of protests.

    #Palestine_assassinée

    • Un jeune homme souffrant de handicap mental a été tué par la police israélienne ce samedi 30 mai engendrant l’émoi et la colère des palestiniens à Jérusalem-Est. Sa mort a provoqué un regain de tension à la veille de la réouverture de l’esplanade des Mosquées
      Publié le : 30/05/2020 -
      De notre correspondant à Jérusalem, Texte par : Michel Paul
      http://www.rfi.fr/fr/moyen-orient/20200530-jeune-palestinien-tu%C3%A9-la-police-isra%C3%A9lienne-%C3%A0-j%C3%A9rus

      À proximité de la Porte des Lions, une des sept portes de la vieille ville de Jérusalem et à deux pas seulement de l’esplanade des Mosquées, un jeune homme a été tué par la police israélienne.

      Ce samedi 30 mai, Iyad Elhalak, un palestinien de 32 ans a été interpellé par des policiers qui pensaient qu’il portait un pistolet. Le jeune homme a pris la fuite donc les policiers ont tiré. Il est mort sur le coup.

      Finalement, aucune arme n’a été découverte sur le corps du jeune homme qui s’avérait souffrir d’autisme. Selon sa famille, Iyad Elhalak n’a probablement pas compris ce que les policiers lui demandaient. Il a été tout simplement exécuté, affirme-t-on dans son entourage. De son côté, le Hamas affirme que sa mort démontre l’aspect sadique des forces israéliennes. (...)

    •  » Israeli Forces Kill Autistic Palestinian Man in Jerusalem– IMEMC News
      https://imemc.org/article/israeli-forces-kill-autistic-palestinian-man-in-jerusalem

      On Saturday, Israeli police in Jerusalem shot and killed an unarmed, autistic Palestinian man, then left him lying on the ground with multiple gunshot wounds for over an hour until he bled to death.

      Eyad Khairi al-Hallaq, 32, was on his way to an institution for people with special needs, where he would go each day, in Wad al-Jouz neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem.

      The police who killed Hallak claimed that they thought he had a suspicious object in his hand. But Israeli police spokesman Mickey Rosenfeld confirmed to reporters that no weapon was found. (...)

    • In Under 15 Hours IOF Kills Two Palestinians, Including a Person with Disability, in Ramallah and East Jerusalem
      Posted by PCHR - Date: 30 May 2020
      https://www.pchrgaza.org/en/?p=14613

      (...) According to information obtained by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 06:15 on Saturday, 30 May 2020, Israeli police at al-Mujahideen Street, near Bab al-Asbat area, fired live bullets at disabled man, Iyad Khairy al-Hallaq (32), killing him immediately. Al-Hallaq was en route to a special education school for persons over the age of 18, near the King Faisal Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.

      Israeli police claimed that they noticed “a Palestinian carrying a suspicious object that they thought was a gun and ordered him to stop. After the man refused and started fleeing the scene, the officers started chasing him on foot and opened fire, ultimately killing him.” In a subsequent statement, the Israeli Police announced that the victim was unarmed, and that he had been shot with 8 bullets.

      According to al-Hallaq family, the victim was slim-built, suffered a mental disability; as well as hearing and sight deficiencies. Al-Hallaq resided in Wadi al-Jooz neighborhood, close to al-Asbat Gate, and had been attending “Bacrieh B Occupational School for Special Education” every morning for several years. (...)

    • Israel apologies after police kill unarmed Palestinian in Jerusalem’s Old City
      Jun 1, 2020
      https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/06/idf-chief-israel-police-shooting-autistic-jerusalem.html

      Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz apologized for the shooting death of an unarmed autistic Palestinian man by Israeli police in Jerusalem’s Old City on Saturday.

      Thirty-two-year-old Iyad Halak was shot by Israeli police near a school for people with special needs where he studied and worked. Israeli police said they suspected Halak may have had a pistol and ran when he was ordered to stop near the Lion’s Gate. He was later found to have been unarmed.

      “We are really sorry about the incident in which Iyad Halak was shot to death and we share in the family’s grief,” Gantz said, according to the Associated Press. “I am sure this subject will be investigated swiftly and conclusions will be reached.”

      Hundreds of mourners called for revenge during processions in East Jerusalem on Sunday. At least one Israeli police officer was placed on house arrest over the weekend during an investigation into the shooting, The Times of Israel reported.

      A lawyer for Halak’s family called the incident “murder,” saying that that eight rounds had been fired at him, according to the Jerusalem Post. (...)

    • WAFA: UN High Commissioner “Israel Must Investigate” Killing of Eyad al-Hallaq
      June 3, 2020 7:57 AM
      https://imemc.org/article/wafa-un-high-commissioner-israeli-must-investigate-killing-of-eyad-al-hallaq

      The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), on Tuesday, stressed that Israel must swiftly develop to a full, independent, impartial, competent and transparent investigation into Israeli forces’ killing of a Palestinian man with a mental disability in Jerusalem, stating that: “those responsible must be held to account.”

      A press statement issued by OHCHR said that the United Nations has for years documented and publicly reported on the routine use of lethal force by Israeli Security Forces against Palestinians, in Gaza and in the West Bank.

    • Eyad al-Halak: Another cruel killing of a Palestinian whitewashed by Israel
      Gideon Levy
      5 June 2020
      https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/iyad-al-halak-case-how-israeli-state-and-media-conspire-dehumanise-pa

      The fatal police shooting of an autistic Palestinian man highlights - yet again - the grotesque inequalities that have come to define the Israeli state
      (...)
      Halak never reached his destination last Saturday. Israeli border police began chasing him, shouting: “Terrorist! terrorist!” The reason is unclear. They fired on him, evidently hitting him in the leg. Panicked, he ran into a garbage room alongside the road in an attempt to hide.

      His counsellor from the Elwyn center, Warda Abu Hadid, likewise on her way to the centre, also tried to hide in the garbage room from the police and their gunfire.

      Three border police officers quickly arrived at the doorway to the garbage room. Halak was lying on his back on the filthy floor. His counsellor saw that his leg was bleeding. The three policemen stood there, guns drawn, and screamed at Halak: “Where’s the rifle? Where’s the rifle?”

      Abu Hadid, his counsellor, was yelling back at them, in both Arabic and Hebrew: “He is disabled! He is disabled!” Halak was yelling: “I am with her! I am with her!” This went on for about five minutes, until one of the police officers fired his M-16 towards Halak at close range. A bullet hit him near the waist and struck his spine, damaging various internal organs on the way - killing him on the spot.

      Thus ended the short life of Iyad al-Halak, a Palestinian young man with autism whose face was that of an angel. He was 32 and the apple of his parents’ eye. They cared for him with utmost devotion all those years, and now their entire world is in ruins. (...)

    • ’He’s disabled,’ the caregiver screamed. ’I’m with her,’ Eyad cried. The cop opened fire anyway
      Gideon Levy, Alex Levac | Jun. 5, 2020 | 5:42 PM
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-he-s-disabled-the-aide-yelled-i-m-with-her-eyad-cried-the

      Eyad Hallaq was shot to death in a roofless garbage room. According to the testimony of his caregiver, who was by his side and tried to protect him, he was executed. For long minutes she stood next to him and pleaded for his life, trying to explain to the police officers, in Hebrew and in Arabic, that he suffered from a disability. They shot him three times from close range with a rifle, directly into the center of his body, as he lay on his back, wounded and terrified, on the floor of the room.

      The garbage room is located in a narrow courtyard in Jerusalem’s Old City, inside Lions Gate, exactly at the start of the Via Dolorosa, where Jesus walked from the site of his trial to the place of his crucifixion, on what’s now called King Faisal Street. It’s just a few dozen meters from the entrance to the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound. The sanctity of the area did not help Hallaq. Nor did the fact that he was someone with special needs, a 32-year-old autistic person, the apple of the eye of his parents, who devoted their lives to looking after him.

      Hallaq was afraid of blood: His mother shaved him in the morning, for fear he would cut himself. Every scratch threw him into a panic, she says. He was also afraid of the armed police officers who stood along the route to the special needs center he went to, where participated in a vocational training program. His instructor taught him how to make his way there alone on foot – it took a month before he dared walk the route by himself – a little more than a kilometer from his home in the Wadi Joz neighborhood into the Old City.

      On his first days at the center the teacher stopped with Hallaq next to the police guard post at Lions Gate. She tried to explain to him that he had nothing to fear; they wouldn’t do him any harm, she promised. She also explained to the police officers that he was disabled and was attending the therapeutic institution where she worked – the El Quds center run by the Elwyn Israel organization, as part of its network of facilities for special-needs children and adults.

      Hallaq passed the police post every day for six years, apparently without any problems. In his pocket he carried a certificate issued by the center, stating in Hebrew and in Arabic that he was a person with special needs, as well as a National Insurance Institute card confirming that he had a 100-percent disability. But nothing saved the young man from the hands of Border Policemen, quick on the draw, unrestrained, bloodthirsty.

      Last Saturday, Hallaq left home a little after 6 A.M. The day at Elwyn El Quds, located at the entrance to the Al-Aqsa compound, begins at 7:30, but he always arrived early in order to prepare the kitchen for the cooking classes. Last week, for the first time in his life, he made a vegetable salad for his parents, slicing tomatoes and an onion, and dressing the result with olive oil. His father, Khairy, says it was the tastiest salad he’d ever eaten.

      Eyad liked going to the special needs center. When the institution shut down for a month and a half during the coronavirus lockdown, his mother had to take him there a few times to prove to him that it was closed. Last Saturday, on the last day of his life, he set out tranquilly and in good spirits. He had a cup of tea, ate a sandwich his mother made for him, showered, dressed and left. Security camera footage shows him walking along the street, a garbage bag in his hands. Every morning on the way to school he threw out the garbage from home.

      A little before 6 A.M., Warda Abu Hadid, Eyad’s caregiver, also set out from her home in the Jabal Mukkaber neighborhood, headed for the Elwyn center. At about 6:10, Abu Hadid, 47, passed by the Border Policemen who were manning the security post at Lions Gate and entered the Old City. She had not walked much more than 100 meters before she heard shouts behind her: “Terrorist! Terrorist!” Immediately afterward she heard three shots. She rushed to the garbage room nearby, taking shelter behind the iron closet on its right side. Just then her ward, Hallaq, ran into the room in a panic and collapsed on the floor. A sanitation worker was sitting there, drinking tea.

      The garbage room is an open space, not very big, with a few chairs for sanitation workers and a large container that reeked unmercifully this week when we visited the site. On the iron closet is a metal plaque with verses from the Koran, which has been here a long time. There were three bullet holes in the tin wall.

      Abu Hadid noticed that Hallaq, lying on the floor, was bleeding, apparently from being shot in the leg by the Border Policemen as he fled. She later told Amer Aruri, of the Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem, that Hallaq lay there for between three and five minutes, wounded, before he was shot and killed.

      The whole time she shouted, “He is disabled, he is disabled!” in Hebrew, and Hallaq shouted, “Ana ma’aha!” – Arabic for “I am with her” – as he attempted to cling to his caregiver for protection. It’s not hard to imagine what went through his mind in those last terrified minutes, as three officers ran into the room screaming, “Where is the rifle? Where is the rifle?”

      The officers aimed their weapons at Hallaq. They were at point-blank range, standing over him at the entrance to the garbage room. Abu Hadid kept trying to explain that Hallaq didn’t have any sort of gun – he was only holding the surgical face mask that is required these days at the center, and rubber gloves – when one of the officers fired three shots with his M-16 into the center of the young man’s body, killing him instantly.

      Suddenly the area was filled with Border Police, among them an officer who aimed her weapon at Abu Hadid’s head, ordering her to stand still while she subjected her to a body search. The caregiver, whose ward had just been killed before her eyes, was utterly distraught. She was then taken to the police position next to Lions Gate, stripped almost naked in a search for the nonexistent firearm, and then interrogated for three hours.

      The officers wanted to know about Hallaq and the institution he attended. They then informed Abu Hadid that she would be taken for questioning to the notorious room No. 4 in the police station in the Russian Compound, in downtown Jerusalem. She balked, telling the police that she first had to call her director, which they allowed her to do.

      The director of the center joined her, and Abu Hadid was interrogated for an additional three hours in the Russian Compound, until her family arrived. They took her to a clinic in her neighborhood, to calm her down and tend to her mental state. Later on this week she was summoned to the offices of the Justice Ministry unit that investigates police actions to give testimony.

      In the meantime, the Elwyn center had called Hallaq’s father and told him his son had been shot in the leg. Khairy says now that he had a bad feeling: He knows that the regular police and the Border Police don’t injure people – they shoot to kill. He and his wife Rana rushed to Elwyn El Quds. A large group of officers blocked their way and told them that they were going to search their home. No one told the couple what had happened to their son. It was only when the officers raided their house and carried out a short search that one of them asked Khairy, “When do you intend to hold the funeral?”

      That is how Eyad’s father learned that his beloved son was dead. That’s the way of police officers when it comes to Palestinians. Khairy says that the commander of the force acted humanely, but that one officer was vulgar and violent, telling Eyad’s bereaved sister, “If you were a man I would have already smashed you,” after she tried to grab his arm during the search.

      Khairy Hallaq is a thin, gentle man of 64 who this week was living on tranquilizer injections, not eating or sleeping. His eyes, red from crying and exhaustion alike, said everything. He is disabled as a result of a work accident about 15 years ago in a marble factory he owned in Anata, near the Old City. He has been unemployed ever since. When Eyad was a boy he sometimes took him to work with him.

      The couple has two daughters, Diana, 35, and Joanna, 34. When we visit, the latter, a special-education teacher, is sitting next to her weeping mother and looks no less tormented. Eyad’s parents devoted their lives to his care. This week Khairy and Rana, who is 58 and in poor health, mourned separately, as is the custom – he in the mourning tent that was erected at the end of their road; she in their home on Yakut al-Hamawi Street.

      Eyad Hallaq’s small room is tidy and spotless. A wide bed covered with a brown velvet blanket, a television mounted on the wall, and a row of the cheap bottles of aftershave and other grooming products that he loved are on the chest of drawers, along with the de rigueur bottle of hand sanitizer. He was meticulous about his appearance.

      “I don’t wear fine clothes like my son and I don’t have the kind of cellphone he does,” his father says. The mourning poster hanging at the top of the street shows a handsome young man. His mother tells us that she is convinced he will return.

      “They took Eyad. I want Eyad. When will Eyad come back? When? When? When? All day long I am at the door – maybe he will come back,” she says. “Thirty-two years I raised him, step by step. I put so much into him. My health suffered. Everyone who took care of him said there was no Palestinian who was looked after like him. But your people think he was garbage. That’s why he was murdered.”

      Both parents speak Hebrew. Their initial fears about their son first arose when he was 2. For two more years they made the rounds of doctors and clinics, until he was diagnosed as autistic. At first he was sent to a regular private school, but couldn’t integrate there; up until about six years ago he was home, not enrolled in any educational framework. The years at Elwyn El Quds were apparently the best years of his life. His parents are sorry that they only heard about the center when he was in his 20s. On Fridays, when it was closed, he would go out in the morning to buy his parents Jerusalem-style sesame-seed pretzels.

      Hallaq never spoke to strangers, only to people he knew well. Once he got used to people, he liked to laugh with them. Walking on the street, his head was usually hung low. If he passed someone he knew he might wave hello but wouldn’t stop to speak. He spoke only with his close family and his friends, and with the caregivers at Elwyn.

      “If you sat next to him, he would move away. He needed a lot of time to get used to you,” his father says. When he was not in the center he didn’t hang out with friends. In his room he liked to watch cartoons – Mickey Mouse, and Tom and Jerry on MBC3, the Arabic children’s channel. Rana says he didn’t always focus on the cartoons, only stared at them. “He was a baby,” she says, “a 2-year-old baby.”

      Her husband adds later, “He was 32 but had the intelligence of an 8-year-old.”

      Hallaq’s dream was to work as an assistant cook. In the meantime, he and others at the center would prepare food and go to the Beit Hanina neighborhood to give it to children with special needs there.

      Sitting in the mourning tent is one of Eyad’s friends from Elwyn, wrapped in a black winter coat and a thick sweater. Pointing the friend out, the bereaved father says to us: “You asked me a lot of questions and now I want to ask you a question. Look at that person. Could you wear what he is wearing in this heat? What do you see in this person who dressed like that in the summer? What can you see? I will bring you a little boy, what will you see? A boy. A sick boy. That is what the officer who killed Eyad saw.”

      Back at home, Rana says, “He was an angel while he was on the earth, and now he is an angel when he is under the earth” – and again bursts into tears.

      The day before her son was killed, she says, she asked him not to go to the center the next day, but he insisted. As often happens with bereaved parents, Rana says she had a feeling that something bad was liable to happen to her son. “We saw in the United States the policeman who killed. He is under arrest. And in Israel? He should get at least 25 years. They killed him like he was a fly. My son was a fly.”

      A sign at the entrance to the Hallaqs’ house requests people not to kiss or shake hands, because of the coronavirus, but no one pays any heed to it here. A delegation from the Hadash party, led by MKs Aida Touma-Sliman and Yousef Jabareen, arrives to pay condolences. The police haven’t yet returned Eyad’s disability card and his clothes. A cousin, Tareq Akash, an electrical engineer who was in high-tech and is now a doctoral student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, asks, “Can we go and demonstrate now? Burn police stations like in the United States? We don’t want to burn anything. But are we allowed to express anger? You know, they’ll open fire at us.”

      We follow Hallaq’s route on his last day. Leaving the house, we turn right and walk up the street to Jericho Road. At the traffic lights we cross the busy street, above which is a poster: “Look drivers in the eye.” Behind us is the university’s Mount Scopus campus, in front of us is the Old City. After the young man crossed the street, he walked along the renovated stone path that follows the Old City wall to Lions Gate, next to the Yeusefiya Cemetery. Three cute puppies are hiding next to the wall. Here Hallaq walked down the slope, between the graves and the wall, moments before his death. Steps lead up to Lions Gate. Four Border Policemen armed and armored from head to foot, truncheons and rifles in their slings, stand at the entrance in a threatening posture as we pass by.

      Here is where Warda Abu Hadid heard the shots, here is the garbage room, near the sign to the Via Dolorosa. Here she tried to take shelter from the shooting and here lay Eyad, her ward, until his death.

      Elwyn El Quds is only a few dozen meters from here. An electric glass door protects the wards at the facility; there’s no entry to strangers during the coronavirus crisis. Young people emerge from the stone courtyard, it’s midday and the school day will soon be over. The director, Manar Zamamiri, says that about 100 people get training and therapy at this center, all of them 21 and above, but this is just one branch of the Elwyn network – there are several other centers with schools and other programs in the city, serving hundreds of disabled children and adults. The main effort here is invested in vocational training.

      The Dome of the Rock glitters golden behind the entrance, where armed Israeli police officers are poised. The director breaks into a broad smile, visible even through her face mask, when we ask about Eyad. “He was so sweet. We loved him so much. And his mother is such a strong woman – mekudeshet” – holy – she says in Hebrew. This week she tried to explain to her wards what happened to Eyad.

    • Un témoin aurait confirmé qu’Iyad Halak a été abattu au sol
      Le témoignage corrobore celui de l’aide-soignante, qui avait averti les policiers que l’homme était handicapé, en hébreu et en arabe, avant sa mort
      Par Times of Israel Staff 8 juin 2020,
      https://fr.timesofisrael.com/un-temoin-aurait-confirme-quiyad-halak-a-ete-abattu-au-sol

      « J’ai vu un type, un jeune, qui courait de manière bizarre, comme s’il ne savait pas comment courir ou comme s’il était handicapé », a déclaré le témoin. « Il est arrivé dans ma direction et il est tombé sur le dos, à quelques mètres de moi ».

      « Des agents de la police des frontières couraient après lui et ils se sont arrêtés à quelques mètres du jeune, qui portait un pantalon noir et une chemise blanche et qui ne tenait rien à la main », a continué le témoin.

      « J’ai entendu l’agent de la police des frontières demander au jeune, en arabe : ‘Où est l’arme ?’ Mais il était évident que le jeune ne pouvait pas parler parce qu’il était incapable de répondre », a-t-il ajouté.

      Toujours selon le témoin, c’est à ce moment-là qu’est arrivée l’aide-soignante de Halak, Warda Abu Hadid. Cette dernière avait dit qu’elle était arrivée sur les lieux après avoir entendu les tirs initiaux et avant Halak, qui avait couru et qui s’était effondré dans un coin.

      Le témoin a raconté qu’Abu Hadid avait crié à l’attention des agents de police, s’exprimant en hébreu : « Il est handicapé », des propos qu’elle avait ensuite répétés en arabe.

      « Je suis resté immobile et glacé, je ne pouvais pas bouger tellement j’avais peur. C’était la première fois que j’assistais à une telle poursuite. J’ai regardé le jeune, qui était couché par terre et qui tremblait, et j’ai entendu d’autres tirs. L’un des agents m’a dit de partir et je suis parti en vitesse », a continué le témoin.

      “““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““

      Eyewitness: Caretaker shouted ’he’s disabled’ before soldier shot autistic Palestinian
      The testimony matches that of Eyad Hallaq’s caregiver. Meanwhile, the version of events recounted by two officers involved in the incident is inconsistent
      Nir Hasson | Jun. 8, 2020 | 2:46 AM | 3
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-eyewitness-teacher-yelled-he-s-disabled-before-soldier-shot-autist

      New eyewitness testimony in the shooting and killing of Eyad Hallaq, a 32-year-old autistic Palestinian man, in Jerusalem’s Old City last Saturday, strengthens the suspicion that police shot him while he was lying on the ground, and after his counselor yelled that he was disabled.

      The witness, A.R., a laborer, was in the garbage-bin space where Hallaq fled to get away from the police. According to his testimony, which was taken by B’Tselem investigator Amer Aruri on the day Hallaq was shot, A.R. was sitting in the garbage room ‒ a small, roofless structure used by sanitation workers on Sha’ar Ha’arayot Street.

      “I saw a young man running strangely, as if he didn’t know how to walk normally or was disabled. He came in my direction and fell on his back, only a few meters from me,” A.R. said. “A few border policemen ran after him and stopped a few meters from the young man, who was wearing a white shirt and black pants, and didn’t have anything in his hand. I heard the police officer ask the young man in Arabic, ’where’s the pistol?’ But it was clear the young man didn’t know how to speak, because he wasn’t able to respond.”

      At this point Warda Abu Hadid, a counselor from the Elwyn El Quds center for people with special needs that Hallaq attended, also ran into the garbage room. She said she had rushed there to hide after she heard the first shots.

      “Meanwhile a woman wearing a kerchief came in and yelled at the policeman in Hebrew, ‘he’s disabled, he’s disabled,’ and then repeated the word ‘disabled’ in Arabic’” said A.R. “I froze on the spot and didn’t move I was so terrified. That’s the first time I’ve seen a chase like that. I was mainly looking at the young man, who was on the ground, trembling, and then I heard a few more shots. One of the policemen told me to get out of there and I fled.”

      His testimony dovetails with that of Abu Hadid, who said she fled to the garbage room to hide after she heard the first shots. In her testimony to Aruri, she said that Hallaq was already wounded when he collapsed in a corner of the room. She said she yelled at the policemen, “He’s disabled, he’s disabled,” and Hallaq shouted, "I’m with her.’” She added that the policeman continued to yell at him, asking “where’s the rifle? Where’s the rifle?” before shooting him several times.

      The version of events the police gave to the Justice Ministry’s department for the investigation of police officers, known by its Hebrew acronym Mahash, was that they were summoned to the site after another police unit saw Hallaq carrying what looked to them like a gun (according to family members it was a telephone). Two policemen said they heard on the radio, “a terrorist armed with a live weapon is en-route to the Lion’s Gate.”

      When he ran into the garbage room the younger of the two border policemen, a recent recruit, fired at Hallaq because “he made a movement that looked like his was preparing to draw [a weapon].”

      Mahash has yet to reconcile the two policemen’s versions of events, even though they differ. While the older border policemen who was in command during the incident claims that he called “hold fire,” after Hallaq ran into the garbage room, the younger policeman claims he never heard such an order and shot after he saw the Palestinian man making a suspicious move.

      Attorneys for the senior policeman, Oron Schwartz and Yogev Narkis, said in a joint statement, “The completion of the investigation, including a confrontation between the two and a reenactment of the events, is required because our client insists that he ordered a halt to the shooting before the fatal shots.”

      Attorneys Efrat Nahmani Bar and Alon Porat, who represent the recruit, who is the main suspect, said, “Our client fired because he felt his life was in danger, based on information that had been given to him by the competent authorities, the behavior of his commander, suspicious indications in the field and a movement that looked like preparation for drawing a weapon.”

      On Sunday night, Mahash investigators planned to conduct a reenactment of the incident with the suspected policemen, but the reenactment was canceled because journalists were present.

      Results of the forensic autopsy on Hallaq’s body revealed that he died from two bullet wounds to his torso, a source involved in the investigation said.

      Earlier Sunday, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed the killing of Hallaq for the first time, calling it “a tragedy.”

      “This is a person with disabilities, autism, who was suspected – as we know, mistakenly – of being a terrorist in a very sensitive place. We all share in the grief of the family,” Netanyahu told the ministers. “I expect your complete examinations into this matter.”

      Noa Landau and Josh Breiner contributed to this report.

    • Al-Haq Sends Urgent Appeal to UN Special Procedures on the Extrajudicial Execution and Wilful Killing of Palestinian Person with Disability Iyad Al-Hallaq
      09 Jun 2020
      http://www.alhaq.org/advocacy/16963.html

      On 8 June 2020, Al-Haq sent a detailed 17-page urgent appeal to several United Nations (UN) Special Procedures mandates on the extrajudicial execution and wilful killing of Palestinian person with disability, Iyad Khayri Al-Hallaq, a 31-year-old Palestinian resident of East Jerusalem. Iyad was shot and killed on his way to Elwyn Centre, a day centre for youth and adults with disabilities in the Old City of Jerusalem on Saturday, 30 May 2020, in violation of international human rights law, international humanitarian law, and in what amounts to the commission of a war crime. (...)

      Between 30 March 2018 and the end of 2019, the Israeli occupying forces killed seven persons with disabilities during the Great Return March demonstrations in the Gaza Strip. In February 2019, the UN Commission of Inquiry on the 2018 protests in the occupied Palestinian territory found, that of the 189 Palestinians killed by the Israeli occupying forces during the Great Return March in 2018, only two incidents may have justified the use of lethal force. Notably, the Commission of Inquiry “found reasonable grounds to believe that Israeli snipers shot at journalists, health workers, children and persons with disabilities, knowing they were clearly recognizable as such.” The Commission also found that Israel’s rules of engagement for the use of live fire were in violation of international human rights law and recommended that the Israeli government ensure these rules of engagement permit lethal force “only as a last resort, where the person targeted poses an imminent threat to life or directly participates in hostilities.”

      On 22 March 2019, the UN Human Rights Council adopted the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry in accountability resolution 40/13 and called on all duty bearers and UN bodies to pursue their implementation. Over a year since, the Commission’s recommendations remain unimplemented, while Israel’s institutionalised impunity for widespread and systematic human rights violations committed against the Palestinian people has prevailed.

    • https://www.chroniquepalestine.com/pour-israel-tuer-palestinien-handicape-est-pas-exception-mais-no

      via rezo.net
      Pour Israël, tuer un Palestinien handicapé n’est pas l’exception mais la norme
      Par Ramzy Baroud - Chronique de Palestine, 17 juin 2020

      Un homme de 32 ans ayant l’âge mental d’un enfant de 8 ans a été tué par les soldats israéliens le 30 mai, alors qu’il était accroupi derrière son professeur près de son école spécialisée dans la vieille ville de Jérusalem.

      Le meurtre de sang-froid d’Iyad Hallaq n’aurait peut-être pas reçu beaucoup d’attention s’il n’avait pas eu lieu cinq jours après le meurtre tout aussi déchirant d’un homme noir de 46 ans, George Floyd, à Minneapolis, aux mains de la police américaine.

      Les deux crimes convergent, non seulement par leur ignominie et la décadence morale de leurs auteurs, mais aussi parce que d’innombrables policiers américains ont été formés en Israël, par les mêmes « forces de sécurité » israéliennes qui ont tué M. Hallaq. La pratique consistant à tuer des civils, avec efficacité et cruauté, est aujourd’hui un marché en plein essor. Israël est le plus gros contributeur de ce marché ; les États-Unis en sont le plus gros client au monde.

      Lorsque des milliers de personnes se sont précipitées dans les rues de Palestine, dont des centaines de militants palestiniens et israéliens juifs à Jérusalem, scandant « justice pour Iyad, justice pour George », leur appel à la justice était une réaction spontanée et sincère à une si grande et si flagrante injustice.

    • Israeli investigators: No footage of shooting of Palestinian
      https://apnews.com/7c3c742a874e7aadc8bf97940e357244

      Parents of Eyah Hallaq, an autistic Palestinian man who was fatally shot by Israeli police, Khiri and mother Rana, talk during an interview In Jerusalem, Wednesday, June 3, 2020. The family says it is hopeful the officers will be prosecuted after finally confirming the existence of security-camera footage of the incident.(AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean)

      JERUSALEM (AP) — Israel’s Justice Ministry on Tuesday announced there is no footage of the shooting of an autistic Palestinian man who was killed by Israeli police, saying that security cameras in the closely monitored area were not operating properly at the time.

      The admission drew deep skepticism from the family and human rights workers. It raised concerns about the credibility of the investigation due to the large number of security cameras in Jerusalem’s volatile Old City.

      Eyad Hallaq, who was 32, was fatally shot just inside the Old City’s Lion’s Gate on May 30 as he was on his way to the special-needs institution that he attended. The area is a frequent site of clashes between local Palestinians and Israeli security forces, and the Old City’s narrow streets are lined with hundreds of security cameras that are monitored by police.

    • Israeli cop who shot dead autistic Palestinian faces trial: ’He posed no danger’
      Josh Breiner | Oct. 21, 2020 | 1:48 PM - Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/israeli-cop-who-shot-dead-autistic-palestinian-faces-trial-1.9251419

      Eyad al-Hallaq, 32, was shot in Jerusalem by Border Police who mistook him for a terrorist near his special needs school in May ■ Case against commanding officer was closed out of lack of guilt

      A border policeman who killed an autistic Palestinian in May could stand trial for reckless homicide pending a hearing, the Justice Ministry announced Wednesday.

      Eyad al-Hallaq, a 32-year-old resident of the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Wadi Joz, was shot dead on his way to the special needs school that he attended and worked at.

      A case against the border policeman’s commanding officer was closed out of lack of guilt.

      >> ’He’s disabled,’ the caregiver screamed. ’I’m with her,’ Eyad cried. The cop opened fire anyway

      A statement from the Justice Ministry unit that investigated the affair said that “The deceased posed no danger to police and civilians in the area,” and that the officer who shot him did so against orders.

      A description of the incident written by the Justice Ministry unit said that the officers suspected Hallaq was a terrorist “in light of certain characteristics of his behavior.” Following a chase, the Border Police officer who may be charged shot Hallaq, despite the fact that his commanding officer told him to stop. According to the statement, he shot Hallaq again after speaking with him. Hallaq’s counselor was also at the scene.

      The statement said that “one of the policemen asked Iyad in Arabic, ’where is the gun?’ and Iyad, who was wounded from the first shot, got up and pointed towards the woman he knew and mumbled something. In response to that, the policeman turned to the woman and asked her in Arabic, ’where is the gun?’ and she responded, ’what gun?’ At this stage, the suspected policeman fired another shot at Iyad.”

      Eyewitnesses said after the killing that Hallaq’s counselor from the school ran into garbage room where he was shot and yelled “he’s disabled, he’s disabled,” at the police in Hebrew and Arabic.

      Hallaq’s parents have petitioned the High Court of Justice to conclude the investigation of the case and put the two police officers involved on trial.

      The suspect’s lawyers said on Wednesday that they were certain he would not stand trial after the hearing, arguing that the case was “a tragedy, but not a criminal offense.”

      Following news of the suspect’s possible trial, Justice Minister Avi Nissenkorn said the killing was “a terrible tragedy,” and that alongside support for law enforcement, “we must ensure that there is no deviation from basic moral standards.”

      Lawmaker Youself Jabareen, a member of the Joint List alliance of predominately Arab parties, meanwhile said that “shooting a person in cold blood in a garbage room is not ’reckless homicide.’ It’s murder. Justice for Eyad al-Hallaq.”

      In July, the Justice Ministry unit investigating the case said there was no security camera footage from the shooting as the cameras in the garbage room where Hallaq was shot were not working.

  • [vidéo] Handicap : le contrat social invalide
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ohFUlAW_ylQ&feature=youtu.be

    En 2018, l’Insee dénombrait 2,8 million de personnes de 15 à 64 ans ayant une reconnaissance administrative du handicap qui devrait leur garantir un emploi, grâce à la loi de 1987. Or seules près d’un million de personnes considérées comme handicapées travaillent. Faut-il rappeler pourtant que l’enjeu n’est pas de gommer la singularité, mais bien d’admettre la différence ? Qu’adapter les institutions, ce n’est pas faire une faveur aux personnes en situation de handicap ? Qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un privilège accordé ? Ne pas discriminer ne signifie pas traiter à l’identique mais offrir les aménagements nécessaires à ceux et celles qui en ont besoin. Source : (...)

  • » Israeli Hospital Guards Kill Epileptic Palestinian Man
    May 16, 2020 11:49 AM Ali Salam – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-hospital-guards-kill-epileptic-palestinian-man

    Security guards at a Tel Aviv hospital on Wednesday killed an epileptic Palestinian man in front of his mother. He was killed at the entrance to the hospital where he frequently received treatment for his epilepsy.

    Mustafa Younis , from Aara town, was killed by the guards after an argument at the entrance to the hospital. A video shows three security guards shooting Younis, who has his hands up and is standing near the driver’s side of his car.

    The attack took place at Sheba hospital in Tel Aviv, where Younis had gone with his mother to seek treatment.

    The three security guards all shot at him, with seven bullets hitting him at close range, killing him while his mother looked on, horrified but unable to stop the killing of her son.

    Israeli sources claimed that the Mustafa tried to stab the guards, but that claim contradicts the video evidence — and there was no evidence presented to back the absurd claim. (...)

    #Palestine_assassinée